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PRESIDENT BRYAN ANSWERS
ATTACK BY ROGERS
In a renin Sunday Issue of the
Spokesman-Review appeared a long
Mitch, by R. R. Rogers, charging that
the State College had neglected the
interests of the farmers of Adams,
Franklin, Grant and Douglas coun
ties, criticizing Professor C. c. Thorn
for stating that there was a dead line
in that section of the country beyond
which dry farming ran not be suc
cessfully carried on and asserting
that the college and experiment sta
tion have worked along the lines of
least resistance for the benefit of the
farmers of the Palouse country.
.''resident Bryan has written the
following answer to this attack:
R. R. Rogers, in his attack on the
Stato College in Sundays Spokes
man-Review rings the changes on a
phrase, "the dead line," used by-
Professor ('. C. Thorn in his remarks
before the Chamber of Commerce.
An attempt is made to belittle and
discredit the idea contained in the
phrase and to turn it to use in an
attack which is as discreditable as it
is untrue. The "dead line" is a very
real thing to the settler who has
been allured by glowing advertise
ments and oily agents to undertake
It means simply this: There are
reg ins which, apart from the char
acter of the soil, are so dry that agri
culture cannot be successfully pur
sued without irrigation. It requires
so much water to produce a crop on
a given soil. If that amount of water
never falls as rain or snow, if it
never gets into the ground, no sort
of conservation can make it produce
Does it need any argument to
Now, settlement in moving from a
region of adequate rainfall to a re
gion where under no condition is
there moisture enough, will cross the
line which marks the limit of pos
sible agriculture. That line is the
In the interests of the poor settler
who is induced to come to our state,
in the interests of our agricultural
development, in the interests of the
money lender who must be protected,
in the Interests of common human
ity, the location of that line should
The lino has been crossed repeat
edly, and the poor settler has per
But the settler should not get too
near to the line, even although agri
cultural production is possible.
The speculator may, but not the
settler; for a single year may wink
out the settler, whereas, one year out
of three might yield a profit to the
Great loss and the desertion of
many farms have occurred. The
declarations by Commercial Clubs
and real estate farmers as to the pre
cipitation have not been realized.
Other conditions have been worse
than represented. The pioneer has
in too many cases yielded in the un
equal struggle. The booster may
have really believed many things
which he said, but he did not know
the facts. No one knew them.
Professor Thorn's suggestion was
sensible, reasonable and right.
Let us ascertain the facts as to
Let us see how far we can pos
sibly go and where we can not suc
ceed if we do go. This may mean
loss in some cases to the mortgage
companies, but it has already meant
loss to the settler. Is it not better to
pocket the loss, face the truth and go
forward in development than to at
tempt to deceive ourselves and
others and incur further losses.
Shall Professor Thorn bo beaten
over the head because he makes a
wise, scientific and pertinent sug
So much for the "dead line."
Either through Ignorance of the
facts or from other causes Mr. Rog
ers wholly misrepresents the work
of the .college in reference to dry
farming and other experimental and
In this connection 1 wish to call at
tention to the shortcomings of the
mortgage men who have made in
vestments in the dry country and to
others interested therein in not giv
ing support to the application of the
State College and experiment station
to ,|toe legislature for funds to con
duct investigational work In the dry
In 1909 and in 1911 most urgent
requests were laid before tbe legis r
lature for means to do this work and
in both instances they were rejected.
The legislative committee of 191 I.in
sisted upon figuring the appropria
tion upon so much per student and
cut out the money asked for for the
dry land and logged-off land investi
gations and other experimental work.
, Where was Mr. Rogers then?
I did not notice him or hear him
or any other man whose vital inter
ests were at stake in the region mak
ing a determined effort to get the
funds with which to do. the work.
The college was aw; t ke to its Im
portance, did all in Ita power to get
the money, but was defeated for lack
of help from the men to he benefited.
Nevertheless, so important did it
consider this work that money was
scraped together so that it might be
continued and it was continued to
the great advantage of the dry farm
it is fair to suppose that Mr. Rog
ers is not familiar with the entire
history of the development of dry
fanning In this state, even though
Its article shows an animus of one
not seeking after knowledge.
With limited means and over
worked men the work began 15 or
16 years ago in the dry bell ami ha.
continued every year without inter
mission and with great profit to the
agriculture of the dry belt, it has
included stations in the Rattlesnake
hills in Yakima county, near Quiriey,
in (then) Douglas county, at Conn.ll
and at Rltzvllle, and much co-oper
ative work with farmers throughout
the entire dry belt.
It began when as yet there were
vast areas of land thai were thought
wholly unfit for farming, which have
since thai time been broken up—part
successfully, part unsuccessfully. The
heal area has practically doubled in
thai time and the extension has for
the most part been Into the dryer re
The work began under Professor
VV. .1. Spillman, now of the United
States Department of Agriculture,
and was continued by him until his
entrance upon his present position in
1902. Away back in the '90s ho was
introducing the principles of the
Campbell system ' i for it was a set
of principles, not the invention of
one man) into Adams county, where
the Campbell subsurface packer was
then first used. Under his direction
experiments were conducted showing
the increased storage of moisture
1 remember one in which on sage
brush soil the moisture in March was
down less than 12 Inches; on laud
plowed two years, it was down IS
inches; on land in cultivation for
five years, the moisture was down
oxer three feet. Men on lauds i hal
Lad been cultivated said that the cli
ii ate had hanged. Hut, be and his
staff demonstrated i hal it had not,
but that there was a more permanent
r> liance in the catching of the moist
It. was Professor Spillman who
pointed out the adaptability of the
b.uestem and similar varieties to the
drier lands and the club varieties to
the moister highlands and led the
way to a wise use of varieties in the
drier belt. Hundreds of farmers,
(lining later, and hundreds who were
then farming, made use of the
knowledge obtained from other farm
ers without being aware whence and
how the methods came.
New problems were, constantly
arising with which Professor Spill
man's successors had to cope.
No sooner were the methods of
catching a maximum amount of snow
and rain through a tilled surface
known than the fatal danger of the
drifting of the light soil by the wind
began to appear. The use of a rough
surface and the avoidance of too
great pulverizing of the soil, the use
of stubble and of growing grain were
subjects of study and practice. It
was a foregone conclusion that as
the little rootlets m the native soil
would decay and pulverization would
continue that dust blowing would be
a greater menace. Experiments to
check this were in progress and in
tbe wheat convention, on the demon
stration train, in private correspond
ence, in the farmers' institutes, and
•rivate conferences, this matter was
Wept, to the fore as much as the facts
In the case would permit. The fur
lowing, whether by lister or other
(Vol, was recommended as far as the
flicts would justify.
J There were other problems, too,
Oiore fundamental, which were pur-
\ What is the moisture requirement
of the crop? What are the laws of
evaporation and how may they be
controlled? What variations in crop
ping may be wisely practiced? What
are the meteoroliglcal conditions of
the region. and many other vital
and fundamental questions.
For the study of these problems we
have asked farmers to come to the
college and we have taken the col
luge to them. Men like Senator D. A.
Scott of Ritzville and Samuel Glas
gow of Spokane, who have a real
abiding Interest in the thing itself,
not merely in the money they can
take out of it, will testify that year
after year as far as the means would
allow, the men of the college have
devated themselves to this task. Pro
fessor R. W. Thatcher's last bulletin
(111) and the mass of work preced
ing its publication is evidence of the
high character and importance of the
wheat investigations and their rela
tions to the dry belt.
The fact is, contrary to the asser
tion of Mr. Rogers, that the college
and experiment station have not
"worked along the lines of least re
sistance," bo far as Its experimental
and extension work are concerned,
but on the contrary, have attacked
with vigor problems in all parts of
the state as they have presented
themselves. It is absolutely contrary
to the fact that the attention of tho
college has been confined to or given
tv a large < item to the Palouse
country. Much less money has been
i leaded on Whitman county prob
lems, because loss needed, than on
iho problems of the dry bolt.
It is a matter of deep regret that
Instead of receiving the support and
help in the solution of these import
ant problems Mr. Rogers should have
< 'mis, to make an attack which is as
unjustifiable, as it is unwise and un
•>,ist- _. A. BR.'AN.
Washington State College, Pull
man, December IS.
SUPERIOR COURT PROCEEDINGS
City t.i Pt. John vs. ('has. Kill ore
- Release ot judgment.
Rose M. Audi. vs. Howard E.
Andrew. Order of Fault of de
Emella K. Miller vs. Milford Gard
ner el ux. — Judgment for plaintiff.
.1. A. Savior vs. August Young-
Order of default and Judgment for
Whitman Implement Co. vs. Peter
11. Weitz—Judgment for plaintiff.
Frank K. Godfrey vb. W. E. White
-—Order of default and judgment for
Charles Schambron vs. Augusta
Jeansch et al.— Order substituting
Burton I. Schambron as plaintiff,
and decree for plaint
New civil Cases
International Mortgage Hank vs.
Reversible Disc Harrow Co. el al. —
Action for foreclosure; order deny
ing motion for appointment of re
I. Dawn Miller vs. Walter W. Mil
ler—Action for divorce.
Colfax National Hank vs. T. .1.
Brown — Order of default and judg
ment for plaintiff In action tor re
covery on note.
Estate of Katie Risbick — John
Risbick appointed administrator
with bond in I lie sum of $3000, and
order appointing Martin Harter,
Oust Harter and Charles Weber ap
Estate of Jeremiah Dallas Order
fixing time for settlement of final ac
count, and to show cause why dis
tribution should not be made.
Estate of James Campbell—Order
confirming sale of real estate.
Guardianship of George and Sarah
A. Churchill— order appointing J. B.
Guardianship of Florence May
Laney et al., minors—Order appoint
ing Albert 11. Laney guardian with
bond of $600.
Estate of Edith It. Taggart—
Order appointing G. W. Nye, Thos.
Hale and It. G. Elder appraisers.
Estate of Georgia B. Sever —
Order confirming appraisment.
Estate of John L. Flowers —
orders fixing time for settlement of
final account and to show cause why
distribution should not be made.
Estate of Herman Streibich- Or
der appointing Henry 11. Esser, Lam
bert Taufen and Barney Denning ap
Estate of Nellie Hunton— Order
fixing time for proof of will.
Adoption of Katherine Collins —
Order granting adoption and chang
ing name to Katherine Wittman. .
Guardianship of Estate of Kather
ine Collins—Order appointing John
A. Wittman guardian with bond of
Estate of Anthony Rioth -Order
to sell personal property.
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Guardianship of Frances M. Tay
lor — Order tO support and order to
Invest minor's funds.
Estate of Rhoda M. Smith —Will
admitted to probate; Cleveland
Smith, Charles Dunn and F. S.
Owens appointed appraisers and
notice to creditors ordered.
Estate of Pulaski Hays Order as
to solvency of estate, and order con
firming appraisment and closing os
Estate of Lulu M. Stipe-Will ad
mitted to probate and Dolph Cool
idge, W. C. Fudge and George Cot
nelius appointed appraisers of estate.
Estate of Alfred Drew-Order
Estate of John E. Johnson Order
appointing Thos. Nelll guardian ad
litem, and order for support of minor
Estate of James 11. Haines Order
fixing time for hearing on final ac
Estate of Volney B. Lewis—-Order
New Probate Cases
Partnership Estate of Stephen
Ilaaser—Order for hearing on peti
tion for appointment of adminis
Estate of Harry Warren Order
fixing time for proof of will.
Estate of Nathan it. Parkham—
order appointing Daniel Fish special
Estate of Jacob Miller—Order fix
ing time for hearing petition for ap
pointment of administrator.
Guardianship of Mary E. Thomp
son el al., minors — Order fixing
time for hearing petition for guard
Guardianship of the EBtate of
Francis M. Gifford, Incompetent —
Order fixing time for hearing peti
tion for guardianship.
A pile remedy that is entirely dif
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externally and internally, acting'on
the blood as well as the disease, a
remedy without a superior. It is
Meritol Pile Remedy, made and
guaranteed by the American Drug
and Press Association. . 11. S.
A three-quarter size violin for
sale. Suitable for a child. Enquire
of G. Herbst, phone 116 V dec] '.'if
Buy Royal Rose flour or Duthie,
5!'..00 per bbl. Th's flour is blended
with Montana hard wheat. decaff
Heartburn Is a symptom of indi
gestion. Take a dose of HERBINE
in such cases. The pain disappears
instantly. The bowels operate speed
ily and you feel fine, vigorous and
cheerful. Price 50c. Sold by Watt's
Golden Oak Bedroom Sot
Good as New — Bur-gain
Phone 116 L
& Storage Co.
i, P. Duthie, Manager
Brick, I .Into, Cement and Band.
We make a specialty of moving
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Call on us and give us a trial.
Office, 807 Grand St.
All *»«*" and Widths
ts-^^mm** m. 4d z^r\s/j o _r C. R. Sanders Co.
jj When you cook that Christmas Dinner you will ij
J» want a good hot fire, the l|
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Rock Springs Coal !|
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| H. D, McVEAN, Agent Telephone 1 ||
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1 MEW ° PULLMAH ° THtt! I
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 30
!j Event Extraordinary jj
JNO. J. HOLLAND
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J! Seats on Sale at Watt's Pharmacy J j
'! Prices 50c, 75c, $100 • V jj