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Industrial freedom. (Edison, Wash.) 1898-1???, May 14, 1898, Image 2

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INDUSTRIE
I FREEDOM. L
PUBLISHED BY THE BROTHERHOOD
OF THE
CO-OPERATIVE COMMONWEALTH
Terms of Subscription:
One Copy, One Year SI.OO
Six Months 50
" " Three Months M
T.. members of Brotherhood. 50c per year.
EDISON, SATURDAY, MAY 14. 1898
OUR present war scare will not have
been in vain if it secures liberty for
Cuba and induces the ex-railroad attor
neys who masquerade as our supreme
court to declare an Income tax consti
tutional.
"J * *
Anyone claiming to be a socialist but
opposing colonization, which is now the
only form of socialism practicable, is
like the man of whom his son. said:
••Yes: father professes to be a Chris
tian, but I don't think he Is working
very hard at his trade just now."
* * *
Will Abolish Entail. A century
ago Jefferson succeeded in abolishing,
In Virginia, the Feudal law of entail
whereby all th" father's landed Wealth
descended to a favored son. Today
socialists are arranging to abolish for
every child an entail of rags, hunger
and degrading want. The grandeur of
their cause is tin- secret of their mar
velously rapid growth.
vi * " v S *&
Smart Mr. Spreckels.—Marvelous In
deed is the patriotism of capital. How
the millionaires are thronging to the
defense of their country. INDUSTRIAL
Freedom will be sent free for one year
to each person sending us the name and
address of a millionaire who has enlist
ed to fight for the glory of his country
in the liberal ion of Cuba. Under cover
of the war scare (llaus Spreckels played
the patriotic racket on the Sandwich
Islands scheme to have the islands ad
mitted so that ho could make a few ad
ditional millions from his sugar planta
tions. Gruff Sam Johnson said very
truly. "Patriotism it's the last refuge
of scoundrels."
Wf 9f tft
Still Behind. Many of our people
have taken advantage of the 110 rate
from St. Paul ta Seattle. The distance
is 1j823 miles or at a rate of 5-9 cent per
mile. Compared with the usual (38
rate this is quite cheap, but still it is
more than the usual rate in Now South
■Wales, Australia, which is l-.'l cent per
mile. The train on which we carte
out had 13 cars, 2 baggage, express,
mail and nine passenger coaches. As
each coach will seat from 4* to SO. at
an average of (it) we have MO seats.
According to the report which the
railroads make to the lowa Railroad
Commissioners the cost per mile for
train service, fuel, etc., of a passenger
train is 24 cents. Even doubling that
amount for the heavy overland train we
have 48 cents per mile, or 1875.04. The
400 passengers who were scattered
among the 540 seats paid, at £10 each.
$4,000, leaving 13,124.98 for the salaries
of agents, a.nd the Income of presidents
and loafer stock- and bondholders, .
•■■* * *
Does Might Make Right?— How of
ten we hear a man say of some shrewd
plunderer of the people, "Well.if he is
smart enough to beat the crowd, I say
let him have the pile." To this we
commonly reply "Then if a man is big
enough to whip you he has a right to
take your house':" "No," the man
will say, "that's different. It would
never tin to lei mere brute strength
rule.'' Hut if might makes right why
should not brute strength have as great
privileges as brail strength? If we re
fuse to lei Sullivan or rTtzaimmons
drive all tho other guests from a dining
room, why should we not also refus.e to
lot Gould 01 Rockefeller drive millions
of people from 1 ..... storehouse—the
land, from which they may produce
their living? i- a robber with v big
brain any loss a robber than a robber
with a big arm? Does a father allow a
"smart" boy to abuse his weaker broth
ers, while a inertly "strong" boy is
punished for tho same offense? Social
ists tie:!;, that "smartness" can ever
furnish a defense for a robber, whether
the robbery be by burglary or 1 tines*.
*£*! *
Socialists Oppose a Division of
Capital.—A very common objection to
socialism is "Your scheme for an equal
division of capital is robbery to begin
with, and, besides, it will not work, for
in a short time a few would again have
possession of everything desirable and
the masses be penniless, as they are to
day.'" New, as a matter of fact, social
ists are the only people who OPPOSE
a division of capital, holding that capi
ta] (the wealth we use in creating more
wealth should all bo owned collect
ively. At present wo "divide up" our
Capital, giving Gould the national tele
graph, Rockefeller tile oil, Verkes the
utreet cars, Morgan et al. thi railroads,
the Pennsylvania railroad the hard
coal, etc., etc., etc. line trust gets the
leather industry, another the glass
business, another sets the price on all
our wire and nails, ami so on. till, by
our present system of "dividing up cap
ital," we have robbed the children of
the nation of their inalienable right to
the best possible chance for the best
possible life. Contrary to the present
robber-like system of "dividing" up cap
ital" socialists teach that there should
-c equality of economic as there is
equality of political inheritance and
privilege. Time was when one man,
under title of duke, lord, prince in
king, unjustly "divided up" political
power by taking it all for himself and a
few fellow robbers, just as now a few
capitalists are "dividing up" the inheri
tance of the millions by taking for
themselves alone the good things God
Intended tor all his children. Social
ists, on the other hand, oppose a
"dividing up" of our national capital,
holding that a good day's living for a
good day's work should be just as in
alienable as the right to vote—not to be
given away, not to be sold, not to be
denied to any human being except OS a
punishment for crime
$ * $
The Fish Have No Landlords.— If
there is another place on earth outside
of the enervating tropics where nature
is more bountiful than right bore in
Skagit county we have yet to hear of it.
Our little fishing sloop brings in two,
three and live tons of herring, clams,
ami halibut. Work? Oh. yes of course
the boys have to work to secure those
magnificent catches, but then they pay
no tribute to any loafer. That one fact
would if possible make these fish
more toothsome. The principal fruits
are apples, cherries, prunes, pears and
berries, of which last the woods are full.
Last year's apples, not put in storage.
but simply kept in a vacant room are
now still of exquisite flavor. The ca
pacity of a good sized cherry tree seems
boundless. Pear trees, like aged men,
loan on stall's. One neighbor, from a
small orchard, fed his hogs five tons of
prunes. Strawberries, of cultivated
parentage, but now running wild are to
be found on many exposed hillsides.
The almost tropical vegetation makes
clearing forty acres seem an appalling
task, but once cleared the soil is very
easily worked and wonderfully prolific',
Looking to the west we see the snow
clad Olympics, to the northwest we
see the Selkirk range, north east, Mt.
Baker and the Three Sisters. The
Sound itself is dotted with islands many
of which rise to a height of 1.000 feet.
Taken all in all this seems to be pretty
nearly a paradise. The main objection
is that the colony has to pay some 85000
for a right to work, for merely a place
to stand on God's footstool. Absentee
landlords .dogs In the manger) have
thus a right to fine those who wish to
work. It doesn't seem so bad to pay
rent to a man for the use of a house he
has built, but that we should be barred
out from access to the soil till we have
lined the pockets of men who have
never done a single stroke of work
toward preparing the land for human
needs does seem an injustice. Still, as
I have said, nobody has yet been able
to put his hand on the multitudinous
finny life of the sound and so there we
have free access to nature.
* * *
FEED vs. BREED.
Thoroughbred stock will, by a few
generations of starving, become scrub
stock. On the other hand scrub stock
will.by constant good care, become thor
oughbred and valuable. 1 remember
that people used to come miles to get
settings of eggs from mother's hens.
Mother made no pretension of scientific
selection, but twenty years of good
care had developed a remarkably fine
flock of chickens.
Socialists hold that the cause of the
groat apparent differences among men
lie.- in the difference of care— food,
lodging, culture. A very small per
centage of our people are overfed, con
stantly surfeited— foundered. Less than
one-fourth of our population are well
cared for: three-fourths or nearly sixty
millions are crowded and starved in
slums, or isolated on farm- where there
are poor school, social and literary
privileges.
A man's character and destiny are
largely determined by the material, so
cial, literary and moral atmosphere in
which the first twenty years of his life
'nave ' boon pen-. Hence socialists
wisely insist that every child shall have
the best possible environment and op
portunities.
As we have ceased to punish child
ren for the father's crime, why
should we continue to rob them
of their inalienable right to the best
possible chance tor the best possible
life, simply because the father is a slug
gard?
At [resent custom, law and religion
unite with all that is basest and vilest
in individual .■art:- In robbing children
of their birthright to the use of -.>
much of God's gifts as may bo necessary
to growth in their father's image. So
cialists join with Lowell as ho sings:
•■ With gales of silver .11..1 bars of gold
v. have fenced my sheepphom their fatnh
er»- fold: »
1 have heard the dropping of their tears
In heaven these eighteen hundred years."
" Oh. 1...1.1 and Master, r.ot ours the guilt,
We build but a-, our fathers built!
Heboid thine Images, how they stand,
Sovereign and sole through all the laud."
•• Then thrlst sent out an artisan.
1 low-browed, stunted, haggard man;
And a motherless girl, wno»e lingers thin,
Pnshed from her but faintly want ad
sln.
" These places he In the midst ..I them.
And as they drew hack their garment's
hem
For fear of defilement, 'Lo.here,' said be.
The Images ye have made of mcV
hDISON SKAGIT COUNTY, WASH., SATURDAY. MAY 14,1898,
AN OPEN LETTER
TO EACH ok THE
Seventy Wealthiest Americans, and
Members of Their Families.
Dear Sib or Madam:
We take the liberty to address you
personally and request your reply,
concerning a matter of universal in
terest, and. as we believe, of the
greatest interest.
To us it seems an axiom, that suffer
ing from cold and hunger through
want and the obstruction of the ave
nues of employment, ought as a moral
duty to be wholly eliminated from a
land of natural abundance: that
whatever prevents any mature and
healthy persons who are cither born
in this country or permitted to be
come residents of it, from sharing in
productive industry and its fruits, is
an evil for whose removal the public
is responsible: and we are fully con
' vinced that with less fostering than
that frequently given to a promising
mechanical invention, a mutual sys
tem that would relieve suffering and
BENEFIT I.E. would come speedily to
a sturdy stature.
We are accustomed to hearing a
suggestion like this brushed aside
lightly with the answer. "O. that can
j never be."
But it can be. More surprising ami
"impossible" things come to pass con
stantly. They are first discovered,
then realized and perfected. This
possibility of a mutual system. as well
tis its general methods, has been dis
covered. Its realization would not be
a thing of cost, but of profit: and
best of all. universal profit.
We sympathize with and help Ar
menia, and 10l here is Cuba. We are
deep in the inquiry, How shall we
come to the relief of Cuba? and there
loom on our sight distressed condi
tions resulting from famine in India,
and our newspapers show us pictured
representations of the emaciated
condition of the sufferers. And all
this time we have famine all around
us at home, and it is preventable
famine. We have crime, too, and is
it any wonder?
We need not describe TO vol* the
depth of the distress, for you and
members of your fai.-ily are engaged
deeply in works ot charity, and
you KNOW these conditions. But
shall we not have something better
than charity,—relief? and a relief
that, while it is simply just and right
to people born with nerves and activi
ties, at the same time rebounds to the
actual material good of those blest
with the power and privilege to be
come its promoters: since it Is demon
strated that one-half of the aggre
gate of labor now actually performed
(and this is probably an understate
ment) would by co-operative methods
insure to the entire people both com
fort and luxury.
That there are many (in the indi
gent class) who arc unwilling to work.
Is a theory, perhaps a plausible one.
Its truth or falsity, however, or the
extent of either, cannot be demon
strated under present conditions.
Any movement, though it might be
far short of complete co-operation,
which would provide (say under the
present wage system) employment tor
all mature and able persons every
where, at a compensation of not less
than $•" a day. would not only -if c the
Industrious from the lazy, but would
diminish the actual number of willing
idlers, through -making such uncom
fortably conspicuous. Able-bodied
beggary would then at once convict.
It docs not now: at least not justly.
Wots. The alarming thing is not especi
ally or only that our national existence Is
threatened by present conditions, that worse
things than we have yet seen are .it hand,
but that there is starvation and helpless
destitution here and now,
If there were but one such instance a
month, or one a year, or one in ten years, it
should rest upon the public conscience, and
that not merely as a thing to be regretted,
but as something "... be prevented, some
thing to be remedied.
Tins Is the in m km., ami permit is to say,
the just side of it.
The remedy has been I bout I I ..ut, and ■■- I
forth clearly. It Is mutualism. And mutu
alism Involves no leveling down but lit all
to greater v.. all i. and luxury, with opportu
nities for abundant leisure and refinement
This is the economic, the iusixess side,
, The approaches ... mutualism maybe at
tended with Initial expense, Bo'li It with
business; expense tending to profit. This
initial expense should be met by fair anil
just taxation, based on present ability to
pay. or by he voluntary offerings of those
who, loving humanity, can adequately pro-
de for the safe launching of this universal
partnership. We appeal to you as one ot
the wealthy, to declare that this propo
sition ten . to both justice and profit, Is it
11. it mi':
As to details of organized co-opera
tion so Ear as el outlined, we request
your careful perusal of the literature
published and handled by the Broth
erhood of the Co-operative Common
wealth. In particular, we would re
quest or suggest that you would move
in the matter by >; .['
First—Committing yourself to the
declaration that every child born in
a land of abundant resources or per
mitted to enter that land, has a right
to have his faculties developed, and
every person ho has passed beyond
childhood has a right to participate
in productive work and te share com
fortably in the fruits of such produc
tion; ami that for whatever hinders
or prevents such participation, the
people collectively are responsible;
also that each person is responsible
in proportion to the facilities pos
sessed by him for aiding to remedy
these false conditions.
, Second—By endowing to such an
extent as, on careful thought, you
may find yourself prompted to do,
either of the following methods of
work:
(a) The circulation of educational
literature on this subject, by yourself
selected and approved:
(b)' Making it possible for a certain
number of thoroughly qualified and
acceptable persons to devote their
entire time to this work in either the
educational or the practical field.
(c) Inaugurating on some scale
and in some manner and somewhere,
an actual working out of the princi
ples of mutualism.
„(d) Cause to be built homes of rest
—comfortable and ample—for a
stated number of undoubtedly infirm
and destitute persons, thereby afford
ing employment to as many compe
tent workmen as possible.
(c) Multiply the funds of the Broth
erhood and make it your proxy in the
work of making Earth an Eden.
Dear friend, let there be inaugura
ted by these who can make overtures,
and not by those who sutler, the
grandest revolution that was ever
known—let it illuminate the last
three years of the century in which
we are, and write the brightest page
of history.
We believe you will respond In such
a way as to give moral support and a
material Impulse to the doctrine that
the well-being of each is the proper
care of all— while the promotion
of such well-being reacts, not spiritu
ally-only: and by means not miracu
lous but simply natural, rewards its
promoters in kind. We are not advo
cating a division of wealth, but a
multiplication of it, and a right dis
tribution of the sew product.
Yours in kindly faith and love,
Brotherhood OF the Co-operative
Commonwealth.
By its President
. ■■■'■ - ■■■ ■'•■
NUT 'INK WORD K.IK Till: POOR
r.v THE >! \N WITHOUT A -oil..
[Written for Industrial Freedom.!
••Trust in God." McKlnley says,
Him who rule... this nation;
He moveth In mysterious ways.
Midst our degradation. ■
'Pay our bonded debt in gold!
This Is patriotic!"
lie true slaves to whom we're sold;
Freedom is chaotic.
Not one word has this great fake
For the starving: workers,
Though he many speeches make
To the Idle shirkers.
Not one word for those who press
To their withered bosom'
Starving babies in distress-
No great loss to lose 'em.
Not one word for Hazelton,
And the murdered miners.
Acting president is fun-
Raking in the shiners.
Not one word for the distress
In the grinding city:
Starving men have no redress;
Great men have no pity.
Not one word for those who strike
Just for living wages;
American, Hun. Slav, and Ike ,
Even palsied age Is
Treated like the lowest brute
Of God's great creation:
Deputies arc told to shoot
Men who make this nation.
Thus the ship goes drifting on
While the plutes are robbing;
McKinley boasts of battles won.
Hut heeds not the sobbing
Of the idle, starving poor.
Whom grim hunger pinches;
Stranded on this greed-cursed shore,
Dying now by Inches.

A Parallel.
Dr. l'aley. the great theologian
thus wrote a century ago: "If you
should see a Mock of pigeons in a
grain field, and if Instead of, pecking
where and what is wanted, and do
more, you should see ninety-nine of
them gathering.-iii they got in a heap
and reserving notnlng foi themselves
but tin- chaff and refuse, keeping this
heap for one and that the weakest,
perhaps the worst pigeon in the Hock,
silting around and looking on all win
ter, while this one was devouring,
throwing about and wasting it, and if
a pigeon more hardy than the rest
touched a grain of the hoard, all the
others instantly Hying upon it and
tearing it to pieces—if you should sec
this, you would see nothing more than
what is every day practised Bud es
tablished among Common
wealth.
Now that the Swiss people have na
tionalized the railroads, a Zurich pa
per is urging the state monopoly of
it!., trade in grain and Hour as the
next great move In the direction of
the socialization ol Industry and com
merce. Switzerland is compelled to
import millions of dollars' worth of
grain and flour, and the trade in these
articles has gradually slipped into the
hands of a few monopolists who draw
princely revenues from it at the ex
pense the people.—Commonwealth.
Scenery Views.
We have excellent photographic
views of Skagit County scenery and
of colony buildings, price M cents
each. 1.. iVs ought to keep samples.
Set of seven views for *1.7."i. Order
Equality Photos by number, as follows:
Schoolhduse. No. l: Lewis Place, N0.2;
The Clearing, No. ,i : Sawmill, No. 4;
Ranch Kitchen, No. 6; Cabins, No. 0:
Apartment House, No. 7.
FROM OUR NATL ORGANIZER.
We are pioneering in the organizing
field just as really as the Equality folks
are in the industrial field in Washing
ton, We have to extract stumps of pre
judice and anti-social customs that are
quite as stubborn, and of more ancient
standing than the cedar stumps of Pu
get Bound. They are stumps however
and are beginning to decay. Our ex
tracting machinery and forces are set.
and we are using our best fulcrum, the
co-operative colonization enterprise at
Equality, with idling effect.
Our message is approved by the
masses. Our new gospel is gladly list
ened toby the common people. They
can see that men arc of the Earth Ear
thy, that every man must have an un
stinted' supply of earthy good in order
to the development of his best man
hood, and that every human being born
into this world is entitled to an equal
opportunity with every other human be
ing to get from nature's resources all
he needs. They can see that it is only
the hog clement in man that leads him
to want more that he needs for the best
development of his manhood. They
can see that it is the duty, as well as
tin- privilege, of every man to put forth
an equitable amount of effort to draw
from nature his share of material
wealth. They can see the infinite
waste and the moral wrong and crimin
ality of our competitive system. They
can see the limitless resources and good
results of the collective ownership and
collective working of all means of pro
duction and distribution. Thay . can
see the right that each one has to an
equal share of products of labor for an
equal time'of service. They can sec
the Divine wisdom of requiring each
adult, person to bear the responsibility
of using his share of these products ac
cording to the dictates of his own judg
ment ami conscience. Without this
privilege ami responsibility', personal
liberty is abridged. The solidarity of
the human race does not in the least
abridge this liberty, It does impose
this responsibility. The eye. the ear.
the hand, the foot, are of the one body,
and are inseparable. Yet each has its
own peculiar function and duty. Each
member must serve all the other mem
bers, and ill turn must be served by all
the other members. Bo in society, each
member is under a moral obligation to
servo all other members, and all the
members are under the same obligation
to serve each. Each for all. all for
each is tire Divine order. Yet this ser
vice must bo voluntary or it is slavery.
It is not slavery to force men not to use
their things to the injury of others,
It would be slavery to require them,
against their will, to give their good
things to others. However, for men to
use even their own earnings to buy up
ami so monopolize the means of produc
tion and distribution as to require other
men to work for them for a part of what
they create, is a positive injury to
others, and should be prohibited by
tin-great people. A man has no more
right to buy up that which is necessary
for the good of all and then use it to ex
tort service from others than he has to
steal. Vet his right and individual re
sponsibility to give or to withhold
himself,. including his just earnings,
from others, is divine and must not be
taken from him. However if ho with
holds himself from others he must per
ish. If ho seeks to save his life unto
himself he must lose It. If he would
lose his life in service to all, and all
others did the same, then he and all
others would have a hundred fold in this
life, of all earthly blessings, and in the
world to come, lite everlasting. In such
social conditions each would have the
service and care and love of all. This
would lie many fold more than self love.
and self service, ami self care. This
condition of society is one Of the essen
tia i elements of the Kingdom of God on
earth and in heaven. It is as essential
to the more spiritual elements of the
Kingdom of God as the full grown stock
of corn Is essential to the development
of the ear and of the grain on the ear.
But an essential to this self surrender is
th.- prior condition of the collective
ownership and working of the means of
production and distribution of personal
property, This adjustment of economic
conditions ha* become un absolute ne
-■•—,:> to the development of Christian
character and lite. The covetous
wealth-seeker cannot be i Christian.
ben a man seeks to win even a small
pan of the earning! of another without
rendering the other an equivalent- in
service, he Is a covetous man, and can
not be a Christian! On the other hand
while men are striving to beat other
men i" the struggle fur a living, us in
our present competitive system, they
do m. love others as themselves, and
they cannot be Christians.
Christ provided or the bodily wants
of men, and contemplated the supply
nf these wants us a means "i securing
ami developing their better life.
What i- now' most needed tor the bet
terment of all classes of men is this
change in economic conditions. it is
n.it necessary thai men should be re
generated before they can make ibis
change any more than it is necessary
for a man who is following any particu
lar kind of immoral and self destroying
business to be regenerated la order to
give up that wicked pursuit and adopt
a business which is more conductive to
his good morals ami physical and finan
cial prosperity. »
Hence we find that there are great
multitudes of common, eery day. but
level headed, sinners who see the rea
sonableness of our proposition? and are
ready to accept j it. Indeed everybody
that fully understands it approves it. •
We have a goodly number of the
brightest platform speakers engaged to
proclaim this Gosper of this Kingdom
and many others, to work as organizers.
Yet the harvest is white and the labor
en are comparatively few. •We want
organizers and agents in every Count}
City and Town in the Union,' and ask
every reader of Industrial Freedom
to aid us in securing such Workers.
Send names of persons, men or women
who would make suitable Organizers op
agents, to sell our literature anil take
,'ubst-i Unions for this paper. Send
names of proposed organizers to the un
dersigned, names of books and paper
agents to the National Secretary, N,
W. Lormond, at Edison, Washington.
Send for membership application
blanks, to cither the Organizer or the
Secretary and fill out and return to the
Secretary and receive a card of mem.
bership, then organize, even a little
group of three or more into a local mil
ion. and so help the cause.
We are soon to start out a fine wav„
outfit to go upon the street corners and
, any where else where people will con
gregate to hear ami receive our reading
matter. This one is by L. t". Fin
ley. a very fine orator and . hustling
worker. We want a hundred more
such-outfits. Who will respond?
Geo. Can dee, Ndt'l Organizer.
11117 Detroit Aye., Toledo, O.
As Seen by a Visitor.
Equality Colony is temporarily di
vided into three parts. One, at Edi
son. is National Headquarters of the
B. C. C.. which is engaged in the finan
cial and commercial interests of the
whole, the making of furniture and
operating the printery. The second, j
located on the "Lewis" tract, a half
mile away, is engaged in farming and
gardening. The third and by far the
largest number are on the principal
grounds of the colony, about three
miles from Kdison, where they are oc
cupied in building for the colony,saw
milling, making shingles, planing
lumber, clearing lands, stump pulling,
ditching, farming, blacksmithing,etc.
This division necessitates the running
of three boarding houses, named re
spectively: Fort Bellamy. Hotel Lewis
and Hotel Freedom. The writer vis
ited the "Ranch." as it is called, last
week and found every one at work, too
busy to talk, until the dinner hour
arrived. At the echoing sound of the
dinner horn the men came in from a!
directions, which caused us for a mo
ment to think that a raid was being'
made on Cuba. About sixty men and
women sat down to the first table;.
Then came others till all were nippN
cd. One of the most pleasing sights m
saw was. about forty neatly drew
children, ranging in ages from live ti
ten years, under the supervision o
Miss Halladay, marching in true m
style to their dinner. The prattl
of their sweet voices was music fit fo
the gods. Brother Savage was late
found, busily working and perplex*
at not being able to supply all thi
lumber needed by the colonists. Th
pioneers had built several log house
for the accommodation of the run
hers, but since the starting u'prof th
saw mill a two-story and basemen
frame building has been complete!
.'l2 x 86 feet, which, with the log oik
are temporary quarters for the col
nists. Another building M x 100 fee
and three stories and a baseinct
is approaching completion, whicl
when finished will accommodate thi
ty families, each in their own apar
meats, besides stacking up sever;
cart loads of bachelors in the thi:
story. a large hotel for cookie at
dining purposes and the entertar
metit of guests and transient vi.-ito:
is the next enterprise to be started..'.
far as we were able to learn the ladil
were divided in reliefs, to cook, wal
upon the table, wash dishes and sel
and mend, men being detail*
to do the heavy work In the kitchil
We found Bro. PeltOß with his s'.ecv ■
rolled up, amidst v half score of m '
ty girls and women, paring potato
Bio. I'd ton was one of the pionet I
and appeared as rosy and cheerful I
it he was again among the hill- M
pines of his native state of Main
In fact, a more cheerful, happy » I
contented class of people we ha ■
never met. A laundry departint
has been established, where the w*
ing for the colony is being done, I
of course, at this time, is In ,i . m
condition, but with improved mad I
cry, wash flay, with all it- annoy I
and dlsagreable drudgery, will be I
thing of the past. Another feat I
which attracted our attention v I
tin- cosmopolitan makeup of the t I
onlstS. There were members ::'■
Maine, Massachusetts, Washingtl
I) C, ohio, Kentucky, Michigan. I
Knots, Wisconsin, lowa, < .-i: „l!
Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado. • '■>'!
and Montana. Yes, and we must
forget to mention that some "
from Virginia, North Carolina. .'
bama and Louisiana. Further,we i
English, Scotch, German, Boheml
Scandinavian, Irish and Hebrew,
What do you think of that? No v
to say "You occupied a lower pus.
in society than I did," in fact' th
appeared to be no cause] for recr.
nations; consequently It can be trii
fully called a "happy family." I

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