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Industrial freedom. (Edison, Wash.) 1898-1???, November 27, 1900, Image 1

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Industrial Freedom.
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No. 133
THE PASSION : FOR SOCIALISM
Many Thoughts from Many Minds on Various
Aspects of a World-Wide Move
,;'.-,, „ . , i .-". ■.;■.-']•••'.■■-■ * s
• ment for Socialism
"A man who has once become a so
cialist :knows "but one more object in
life—to- devote himself to' the' noble
work of liberating c the working {peo
ple.Z And -then "comes"the second part
of his duty—to show to those whom
he has i converted by what the 1 old
< system is to be replaced. This is the
new enthusiasm,} of * humanity."
Quoted in The Coming Religion.
' "Blessed is even now our privilege.
We have our I choice, to live as indiv
idualists, and on our ; death-bed look
back in despair on a dreary, hateful
life j! of play -acting, or, as socialists,
fill our existences with • those serious
moods that make the grand tone of
. life, and in the hour ol death stand on
the mountain top, as it were, and see
■ -with | entranced. eyes the jrays of the
sun *'* that \ wi11 ... soon illuminate }'■ the
dark valleys Gronlund. 7
Z "The ; issue' between : socialism and
individualism is, I believe, the; lead
ing 'issue of \ this age-weary modern
■world. The men to come will envy
us, as shavers in a battle greater than
the anti- slavery struggle; . greater
than any phase in the eternal' battle
of the race for ,liberty since the con
vulsion of the Protestant reformation
set man free in the sphere of religion,
as socialism promises to set him free
in I the sphere, of economics."—Prof.
Yida Scuddcr.
:.;;Vi If in spite of our : criticisms, and, its
•~ own errors land uncertainties,-social-'
•'.- ism has spread so 'rapidly, it means
S;'that within l its very J nature > lies i a
r. great moral force, which we may in
deed reluse to acknowledge, but can
not suppress.'-The morality it teaches
"■-. is by far superior to that of its ad
versaries." Prof.' Franceso S. Nitti—
' University of Naples —Catholic So
cialism. ... .- , - -", ,, i ,'
'; A twofold ideal has been before me
, since; my \\ youth— a , free and ' United
\ Germany and the, emancipation of the
working -people, that is ; the destruc
tion of class rule, which! is synony
mous with the freeing of humanity.
For this, double, ideal I have fought
with my -,best powers, and: for this
double ideal I shall fight as long as
there is breath in my body.'- Das will
die Pfiicht! . (That wills duty!)"—
Wilhelm Liebnecht.
Come, then, since all things call us,
the living and the dead * -
And o'er the weltering tangle a glim
mering light is shed.
Come, * then,:let us cast'off fooling,
,i.--.-, and put. by ease and rest .
For the Cause alone is worthy till the
. good days bring the best. „ .-
Come, join in the only battle wherein
7:' no man can Jail, 1 • >} • •' •
■.* Where-whoso t -fadeth and dieth, yet
v: his deed shall still prevail.
Ah! come, cast off all fooling, for this,
*-. at least we know:: < *-' •' ".'■•;•
That the Dawn and the Day is coming
and forth the banners go. •
Wfo »;.,: .... ; William Morris.
"The object at the state is, to '.bring
man to positive ■ expansion and pro
gressive development; in other words,,
to, bring the destiny of man—that is,
the culture of which,,the, human rate
is capable-—into, actual existence; it is
* the training and, development of the
human race,to freedom. This is the
- true moral'nature of the state, gen
tlemen, 0 its'true and 5 high mission.
;P;"»tthc working class, gentlemen, the
1" .ver classes -of the-community in
EQUALITY, SKAGIT COUNTY, WASH., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1900
general, through the helpless condi
tion in'which its members find ' them
selves | placed.- as.;. individuals, 1 have,
always acquired the ;'deep V instinct, 4!
that n this is- and must be the duty of
the state, to 1 help the-individual" by,
means of. the union of,'all to such a
development as he .would be incapable
of attaining as ,an individual."—Fer- :
dinand Lasalle; ,; ! , £*' .;• '■; ."ZZ ■-{'.'■
p "Socialism is a contemporary man- ;
ifestation \of | social grievance which :
' has through untold "generations .been
borne by; -the" sweating millions . "ot
• labor, that I have endured -patientlyl
and died in silent misery, -leaving; no
record of their awful burden iof sor
row. 'i It is the cause of wretched mul
titudes of men and women and child
■ ren that has at last found utterance |
and organization, the :{ protest of.
, workers t"hat still suffer from excessive 1
- hours :of monotonous drudgery in j
mine and factory in many lands, who
live in.economic insecurity and deg
radation, surrounded \by the % super
abundant wealth which their .toil has
created. * From time immemorial 1
the working classes have been sunk in
drudgery and ignorance, bearing the
burden of society without sharing its
happiness. Prof. Thomas Kirkup.
' *'"".'- -'^''v:-'.-- V.:',*.-,,-.- i,f--..=.-; '-V'.'^l ,-^-^ij
I "The ethical ideals of socialisnriiave j
attracted to it generous: souls| and*
have : enlisted, in its ranks its best ad- ;:
herents. ;-: It;is[ these,! ethical J ideals
which have inspired the rank and file?
of the socialistic army with fiery zeal
and religious-devotion. '.It? rimy be
said indeed, that nothing in the pres
ent day is so likely , to ; -, awaken the
conscience of the . ordinary;, man or|
woman; ior to increase the sense of:,
individual! responsibility,| as a thoro 1
: course in : sociali«m. The study of so
cialism has proved the turning point
in thousands of, lives, and converted
self-seeking men and women into self
sacrificing toilers for the masses. "The.
impartial 'observer can scarcely claim
that the Bible produces so marked an
effect upon the daily habitual life of
the average man and woman, who
profess to-guide their conduct by it,
as -socialism dues upon its adherents.
The strength of, socialism in this re
spect is more like that of early Chris
tianity as described in the New Testa
ment.—Prof, Richard T. Ely. .
"Very commonly we hear men say,
'Yes, ft is a pity that things are so
bad; but it is no fault, of ours, and
nothing we can do will mend them.'
"Now, John, this is a cowardly and
dishonest excuse. It is the old pica
of Cain, 'Am Imy brothers keeper?'
No one can shirk his responsibility.
We are none of us guiltless when
wrong is done. We are all responsi
ble, in some degree,, for every, crime
and sin, and for every grief and shame
lor which or by which our fellow
creatures suffer.
- "Do your duty, John. Do not lie to j
your.soul any more. Long have you
known that injustice, and misery are
rife amongst the people. If you have .
not acted upon the knowledge, it is
not because you know it to be useless
so to act, but because you were lazy
and perferred your ease, or because
you .were selfish and feared to lose
your advantage, or because you were
heartless and did not really feel any
pang at sight of-the" sufferings-of
others. - rh; -::. o
•"These common sights of the com-,
mon streets, John, are very terrible to ''■
me. To a man of a nervous tempera- |
ment, at once thautlul and imagina
tive, those light! must be terrible.
The prostitution under the lamps, the
babby begger in the gutter, the broken
pauper in his livery, of shame, the
weary worker stifling in his filthy]
slums, the wage slave toiling at his ( ■
task, the sweater's victim, 'sewing at
I once, with a double thread, a shroud
as well as the shirt'—these things are
I dreadful, ; ghastly, shameful facts
I which long since seared | themselves
■:.. upon my heart.
I jjj "All this sin, all this wretchedness,
J all this pain, in spite' of the smiling
-i fields and the laughing waters, under
| the awful and unsullied sky. And no
•remedy! .
"Those things I saw, and I knew
that I was responsible as a man.
'Then I tried to find out the causes of
the .wrong and tried to remedy-there
| fore. \ It has taken, me I some years,
I John. But I think I . understand it
| now, and I want you to understand
it (socialism), anil to help.in your
'turn to teach the truth to others."—
(Blatchford. ■ j*
|T "The true end of socialism, then is
the first place ethical. It is not the
subordination of man to the machine
of state, but the use of the state for
ethical, that is to say human ends.
I'Politics, it seems necessary to repeat,
:are rightfully ■■ subordinate- to ethics.
I They exist for the sake of human life,
, and in the modern world human life
lis richer and wider than state life."—
L. :T. Hobhouse (Socialist), Corpus
§ Christi College, Oxford. i : , .•
[| "The socialist demands the greatest
; possible organization of the material
'basis: of life that he ay leave the
| greatest possible freedom to the life
of the spirit, and maintains that the
f ! absence of freedom and variation in
I the one direction follows from the ab
-: sence of organization in the other." —
f Sidney Ball, (Socialist), St. John's
'College, Oxford. - '
i* j ABOUT NEW ZEALAND
:'■ >~'-'— '— " •;- J * v*u * *"" ■ l i,|'»^——•/' ... i■ < -- ,»_ ■ __^
- T. E. Walsh, a member of this col
ony, is in receipt of letters from his
brother, S. P. Walsh, who is in New
Zealand investigating the economic
and social conditions there. His ac
counts would seem to verify the claim
that they have something like state
capitalism rather than anything re
sembling socialism. Following arc
some extracts:
Ordinary* railroad fares on both
state and private lines are two cents
a mile. There are plenty of idle men
in ' Wellington. The intelligence and
morality of the lower classes such as
I worked with at Lower Ilutt is on a
par with the same class in the United
States. You have to give an em
ployer a week's notice to quit work
ing by the week and a month ii
working by the month. The half
holiday and similar measures are
carefully enforced even ii no com
plaints are made on their violation
The government labor bureau was
not sending then to co-operative
works when I was in Wellington. It
is slack now. You have no trouble
getting to talk to a government or
corporation manager or officer. They
are always pleasant: and polite. Sun
day it seems nothing is going. You
can't go oh the railroad anywhere.
No mail, no chance to buy a piece of
tobacco. They carry it too far. Re
tail.business is being" run out ol Ingle
wood .by the' cooperative store.
Dairying is the chief business and that
is cooperative all over New Zealand.
By the month farm hands get from
$15 a month. up. The wages of
skilled tradesmen do not average as
high as in the United States but the
hours are shorter. In. Lower Ilutt
there is a boy > who has been in the
postal service \as letter carrier and
office man four years and is 20 years
of age. He gets only 1 ;is or $3.12 a
week. . Of course he is on the sure
road to promotion. It is the same in
the railway. If you want to get a
good position or be a skilled mcch
50 Cents per Year
anic you must start in at about 13.
A : pair of overalls cost $1.20. All
clothing and shoes are very high.
Board is from $3.75 up. Hired men
on farms, navvies and other laborers
are too often treated as inferiors here,
given separate, and often filthy, quar
ters and separate table. There is a
meeting to-day in Ingle wood of the
stockholders of the co-operative pork
packing.house. It is very successful.
It is said on good authority that
there are petroleum deposits here but
no prospecting has been done vet.
Recently the tariff was taken off ker
osene and as the price went down the
Standard Oil Company have raised it.
The duty had better been kept on it.
Candles are largely used.
The liberal or labor party holds its
own and rules the roost at Welling
ton. -
STRAWS
These are to Show Which way th* Wind
Blows Since Election
Editorial from Cleveland Leader (rep) Nov. 12.
The socialists cast about 5 per cent
of the total -vote of Massachusetts
last week. In other states they broke
all previous records easily, as far as
national elections go. Here is an in
teresting and portentious fact in
American politics.
II the anti-Bryan and conservative
democrats, such as Whitney, Cleve
land, Fairchild, Dickinson and Car
lisle, could carry out their reported
plans for a reorganization of the dem
ocratic party on the lines which they
must insist upon if they are to take
part in its management and support
its candidates, the immediate outcome
would probably be the transfer of a
large--radical -clement- .A the 4 demo
cratic organization to the socialists.
The socialist vote would increase at
once so fast that it might have to be
reckoned with as a great force in poli
tics.
Then we should have exciting cam
paigns, indeed. If Bryan has hinted
at grave changes in the structure of
the government, the socialists are
frankly revolutionary. If Bryan has
been guilty of inciting envy and class
enmity, the socialists openly advocate
the confiscation of a great share of
the productive private property in the
United States. It is often forgotten
that the acquisition by the govern
ment of the railroads, telegraph lines,
telephone property, the mines, and the
municipal street railways, gas works,
electric lighting plants, etc., all of
which changes are urged by the social
ist platforms and leaders, : would
imply such a narrowing of the field
for the, employment of capital that
the interest obtainable on money
would be cut down far and fast, and
many great investments would be
wiped out.
Perhaps it will be just as well if the
democrats go the road they have been
following for the past five years. It
docs not lead to any important
changes in the practical conditions of
the government, and it keeps social
ism from coming to the front in Amer
ican politics.
Another good man has gone wrong.
Lafe Young, editor of the Dcs Moines
(Iowa) Capital (just think of that!)
and the man who nominated Theo
dore Roosevelt in the Philadelphia
Convention, has declared for socialism
and the social democratic party. He
had visited the scene of the coal mi
llers' strike ill Pennsylvania and came
to the conclusion that the remedy lor
strikes and for the misery of the
working class will not lie found in a
change from a republican to i demo
cratic administration, or from the
IDM I'lNl ON P.M.I 4

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