Newspaper Page Text
Friday. December 17. 1909.
T ndpendent 646Y
Book & North
A Few Exceptional Bargains
THREE-ROOM HOUSE, two lots, close in on Harrison Street,
$ 1,000.00; very easy terms.
ONE LOT AND 5-ROOM HOUSE near Everett Avenue, on
TWO LOTS between 17th and 18th on Virginia, cleared and
graded; a 3-room house on rear, $785.00.
SIX-ROOM HOUSE, less th an one block from end ol car line on
Summit, new and modern, IVi lots, $2,100.00.
5. 10. 20 and 40-ACRE RANCHES within reasonable distance
from Everett, with building and more or less clearing. Silver
Lake tracts and other acreage on the Interurban line. All the
above for sale at reasonable prices, and on very easy terms.
FOUR-ROOM HOUSE .near 22d and MeDougall, two east front
lots. $1,300.00; $300.00 cash and $20.00 monthly.
DOOR LATCH FOR THE HOME.
A Simple Design Which Can Be Eco
A homemade door latch may be con
structed of three pieces of oak or oth
er good hard wood. For tbe handle
use a piece of 8 by 2 by 1 Inches.
Shape a llattish knob on one end
three inches long. Work down the rest
so ns to pass through a one inch au
ger hole. Shape a knob >n the other
end by flattening the sides. The latch
DETAILS OF LATCH.
Is made of a piece 5 by 1 by three
eighths inches. Tbe catch is 8 by 2le
t brae-eight bs Inches.
Bore a one inch bole for *!•• hnndh
three inches from the edge of tin
door. Push the handle through lie
hole and mark on II the thickuesa ol
the d •. Then bore in Cc handle a
three-eighth': inch he' - for the litch
Then assemble I be par s according to
the finished Hgure, which ahowa flu
LATCH IN lI.ACE.
latch thrown hack. A little peg may
be need to keep the latch from falling
down when the door is opes.
The design Is very simple, and. be
sides beiilg serviceable, such a latch
Can be made very economically.
Soil For Spring Vegetable*.
The manure for the early spring
vegetable*, such ns peas, potatooa, on
ions, beeta, cabbage and corn, should
be hauled and put Into large, eourpaet
heaps. Put ten lo twelve two-horse
wagon loads In each pile. This quantity
when rotted will make six large two
horse loads, enough to spread In three
and a half foot drills for one acre of
ground. This is tbe usual quantity to
spread to the acre when used in the
drill. If manure Is broadcasted It will
take double this quantity. The manure
should be mixed as it Is piled—that Is.
spreading In rsc manure over the cat
tle manure. Each foot layer of manure
should be plastered. The plaster helps
to rot the straw In the manure. It
will also prevent the loss of ammonia
and make compact, square heaps.
After the heap is linished cover the
sides and tops with six Inches of
I I fcM*j j 60 YEARS'
■n > Designs
' "FT" Copyhiomts Ac
' k ' "ie sending a aketrh and deecrtntlon may
N h...orlhim our opinion free whether an
S . »lon I* probably iialeutable. Coinmuiiloa
iinc-ilyrouUdentfal. HANDBOOK on Patent*
\ \r»a. Oldeat ageni-y for aecurln*- parent*.
■M Patent* taken through ktunn A to. rerelr*
tptclat notice, without charge, lv tbe
A hanrttnmely lllnptratad weekly. t-anreM elr
culallon of any eoientlßo Journal. Tern.*, S3 •
rear : lour niontba, IX Sold by all newndealer*.
2009 Hewitt. Everett, Wash.
'artli. The earth covering will pre
vent the iiises from escaping, It will
also prevent the top layer from drying
out. This Is the method followed by
the florists and nurserymen who re
quire tine. rh b. well rolled manure.
There Is a good demand for manure
from tin' lily truck stables, as the
horses, being heavily fed on grain and
a got d quality of hay and well bed
ded with rye straw, make the best
kind of manure, suitable for all crops.
The usual price for this manure is
$7.'JO for all the manure made by each
horse when in the stable for one year,
rick-up manure is of doubtful value
Tbe usual price is 75 cents to $1 per
load in the winter and about half this
during the summer. Practical truck
ers buy the high priced stable manun
as It contains all the elemeuts neeib
for the growing of both truck a
Success In Co-operation.
What a purely farmers' enterprb
In CO-operation may accomplish has
been exemplified by a canning com
petty In New Jersey. There were put
out by the farmers of the canning
company iv 1908 a hundred acres of
tomatoes, of which about eighty-five
ncres produced a crop, wet weather in
the spring having caused the failure
of the remaining either through poor
cultivation or late planting.
The harvest, however, showed a to
tal yield of 079 tons of tomatoes, for
which the company paid $9 a ton, or
to the ferment the big sum of $6,011.
The average yield to the acre was two
and a half tons and the largest yield
something over thirteen tons. A fairly
good number of acres ran from ten to
twelve tons. The wages paid out, not
Including salaries, was $4,050. Of
\ourse this was tlie company's expense
and went for labor in putting up the
product; 248.000 cans were tilled nnd
109 persons employed, the majority of
whom were women and girls. The
company Is a stock company, all of the
stock being held by farmers. It is also
officered by farmers and is controlled
by farmers exclusively.
An Unsocial Pedant.
"At Trinity, Cambridge, the great
Dr. Whewell was the Incarnation of
masterful unsociability," says Mr.
Tollemache in his reminiscences. "A
Trinity friend told me In the fifties
that Whewell's evening parties went
by the name of 'perpendiculars' be
cause the undergraduates were expect
ed to remain standing all the time,
though he himself sat down whenever
he chose. It is also related that, being
shortsighted, he inspected each man
In turn nt unpleasantly close quarters,
rmd It was a high crime for any one
to speak until he was spoken to. Ou
one occasion uuder the trying scrutiny
an unwary freshman remarked that
the weather was tine. 'Sir.' replied the
pedant, 'are you not aware that if you
have any communication to make to
the master of your college you should
make it through your tntorT "
Chorus of Union Women.
The union working women of Bos
ton have organized a chorus to sing
the songs of labor. It has fifty mem
bers and is being constantly Increased
from the ranks of the women nnd girls
who belong to the various trades un
ions of that city. Competent instruct
ors are training the chorus.
|t a Thought Hs Was Doing a Great
Thing In Cutting Out the Appendix.
JOHNNY loved his papa, there was
no doubt about tbat. nnd one
morning after he had listened to
a long disquisition from the author of
bis being addressed to his elders on
the general useleßsneas of the vermi
form appendix, ending up with the
broad statement that he hoped he'd
see the day when every appendix lv
creation was cut out, the little boy re
aolved upon an agreeable surprise for
bis daddy. He worked in secret for
several daya and then sprang it.
"See what 1 have done for you. dad
dy." he said, leading the wondering
father into tbe library and showing
blm a neat pile of many pages which
be had accumulated. "I've cut the ap
pendix out of every book In thla 11
It was then that words failed, and
Johnny's father s vocabulary made a
general assignment for tbe benefit of
its creditors.-John Kendrtck Bangs in
Nothiug but union made tobacco at
the Labor Temple cigar stand.
STANDARD OP LIVING
It Set by the Cheapest Man So-
LAW OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND
A False and Specious Doctrine That
Trades Unionism Resents—Based on
Greed and Desire to Profit at Hu
It has been • pet phrase of those
who favor low wages tbat "the law of
supply and demand" must, in the nat
ural order of events, control the labor
market—if there are three men for the
one job, then the one who will work
for the smallest sum is properly en
titled to the situation
Civilization advances as the people
move forward. All that retards prog
ress is a handicap. If living condi
tions are to have a standard set by the
cheapest man, whose individual needs
may be of such a nature as to preclude
the home life of a community from
following Its normal way, then the
people of the era will suffer nnd the
backward tendency become more
marked as time goes on.
Time and again have employers en
deavored to impress this specious cry
of "supply and demand" on their em
ployees. Trades unionism resents the
doctrine and In so doing is proving of
service to all.
There are recognized among thinking
men and women certain requisites nec
essary to enable our present day civ
ilization to be tolerable. One of these
is a wage sufficient to provide for the
home anil those living therein. While
we live under a competitive system
that, it is hoped, will be Improved as
time goes on, it is desirable that we
should make the most of the work at
hand. In objecting to the "law of sup
ply and demand" we are making no
false move, for it is based primarily
on greed and tbe desire to save or
make money even at the expense of
the community life.
At the present time unfortunately
there are thousands' of men and wo
men without employment. It might be
possible to reduce wages because of
this condition. If this were done there
wouldn't be nny more work to be ob
tained ns a result, and merchants and
mechanics would suffer.
There Is a persistent and growing
demand for educational facilities, for
reasonable leisure, for books and pic
tures, for a home with all tbe civiliz
ing influences. Setting Its face sternly
against all these is the "law of supply
There isn't au employer who takes
advantage of periods of depression
who would not resent encroachments
on his home life. We will admit that
the niau iv business frequently suffers
severely from dull times. We are not
now considering tbe problem of mak
ing money, but the larger issue of
whether the children should be prop
erly fed aud educated aud whether the
mother should be secure in providing
for the household needs.
From every standpoint—the econom
ic, the sociological and the humanita
rian—there come objections to the
"law of supply aud demand" as ap
plied to men, women and children.
The latter have long been victims to
the "law," and the searchlight has re
vealed the need of preventing loss of
life and stuuted moral aud physical
growth. It is impossible to measure
human life by the yardstick of the dry
goods store or tbe weight of the gro
cer's commodities. There are so many
essential things to be considered that
this article of protest has hardly been
able to do more than touch the sur
face.—Painter aud Decorator.
Labor In the Old Days.
A statute of King Edward VI. pro
vided tbat laborers could work only at
a "certain price or rate." under penalty
iv certain cases "of tbe pillory or loss
of an ear." Another statute provided
that if v man refused to work at wages
fixed by law be was to be branded
with the letter "V" (meaning vaga
bond) and reduced to slavery for two
years. If he attempted to escape, he
was branded with an "S" and made a
; slave for life. If he then had spirit
enough to protest he was hanged. It
' was uot until 1795 that an English
workman could legally seek work out
side his own parish. Dowu to 1779
miners In Scotland were obliged to
work in tbe pit as long as their em
ployers chose to keep them there, and
tbey were legally sold as part of the
W. T. U. L. National Officers.
The recent convention of the Na
tional Women's Trades Union league,
held at Chicago, elected the following
officers for the ensuing year: Presi
dent, Mrs. Haymond Robins of Chica
go; first vice president, Mrs. Mary K.
O'Sullivuu of Boston; second vice presi
dent, Miss Melinda Scott of New York
city; secretary-treasurer, Mrs. D. W.
Kueffler of St. Louis. Mrs. Robins Is
a sister of Miss Mary E. Dreier of
Montague terrace, Brooklyn, who is
president of the Women's Trades Un
ion league of Greater New York and
delegate to the Brooklyn Central La
Printer*' Wages In Hungary.
President Gompers found on his
visit to Hungary that 95 per cent of
the men aud women engaged in tbe
printing trades were orgaulzed. A low
wage scale generally prevails, tbe min
imum pay for day work being $4 per
week, although on tbe average tbe
wages reach a little more than 18.—
Municipal Homsi For Workmsn.
The municipality of Genoa, Italy, ta
constructing two Immense buildings,
each to contain seventy-two apart
ments, termed "popular houses," for
j the purpose of providing suitable living
quarters for the workmen of the city.
As It ts an Impossibility to expand tbe
, building area of Genoa, every availa
ble site being already occupied, there
has been a constant Increase of rentsls
on all classes of property.
1 Tbe apartmente in tbe new struc-
THE LABOR JOURNAL
I tures are to lie trom two to nve rooms
| encb, nnd IDS purpose Is to rent each
room nt $H ■ year. The present plans
contemplate the construction of from
200 to 400 apartments, to contain ap
proximately from 8,000 to 10,000
Only laborers or salaried employees,
with families, whose annual earnings
flo not exceed $000, or If without fam
i tiles $300, are to be admitted as ten
Best Way to Destroy Gunpowder and
The best way to destroy ordinary
black gunpowder Is to throw it Into a
stream under conditions that prevent
any harm coming to human beings or
animals through the dissolving of the
saltpeter. If no suitable slream Is
available, the gunpowder may be stlr
| red with water in tubs, or the dry gun
powder may be poured out on the
ground In a long thin line and Ignited
with a fuse at one end.
To destroy dynamite cartridges the
paper wrappings should be carefully
removed, the bare cartridges laid in a
row with their ends In contact and the
first cartridge ignited with a fuse with
out a caji. Even with these precau
tious a simultaneous explosion of the
entire mass may occur, so tbat it Is
wise to retire to a safe distance. The
row of cartridges should be laid paral
lel with the wind nnd ignited nt the
leeward end, so tbat the flame will be
driven away from the mass.
Frozen dynamite should be bandied
with special care, as Its combustion Is
peculiarly liable to assume an explo
slve character. A small quantity of
dynamite may be destroyed by throw
ing It in very small bits into nn open
! fire, or the cartridges may be exploded
one by one In the open air with fuses
Dynamite should never be thrown
Into water, as the nitroglycerin which
It contains remains undissolved and
capable of doing mischief. Other ex
plosives which contain nitroglycerin
should be treated in the same way as
Ammonium nitrate explosives may
be thrown lv small fragments into an
open fire or If they do not contain ni
troglycerin may be destroyed by means
of water. Explosive caps should be ex
ploded singly with pieces of fuse.—Sci
Since 1898 the Machinists' Interna
tional union has grown from 10,000 to
In Oklahoma there are at present
about 826 separate unions, with an av
erage membership of seventy-one per
There Is n union of hat makers In Le
Mans, France, in which the offices of
president, vice president, secretary aud
treasurer are held by one man.
The unions of molders. metal work
ers and mechanicians in France re
cently voted to combine. The new so
ciety will lie called the Union of Metal
Workers and Kindred Trades.
By unanimous vote of a recent con
vention in Newburg, N. V., (lie Union
of Iron Shipbuilders and Boilermakers
of America determined not to amal
gamate with the International Ship
builders and Boilermakers.
Is the hatters' uuion label In your
The Cutting Die aud Cutter Makers'
union pays a death benefit of $75.
Tbe American Federation of Labor
bas 1.040 commissioned organizers In
Van Cleave says he Is a friend of
labor. That's why he Increased the
hours of the metal polishers in St.
The trust contends for the suprem
acy of property rights— profit—and_ the
workers contend for fair living "con
Will Seek Legislative Aid In Securing
At the recent session of tbe National
Women's Trade I'nion league at Chi
cago a program for future legislative
enactment was unanimously adopted.
The legislative program, divided into
eleveu heads, is prefaced by tbe state
ment that the problem confronting the
league Is large, not only because near
ly 1i.000.000 women are engaged iv
gainful occupations, but "because It is
evident that the enduring remedy for
present ills Is larger liberty to enter
new vocations, to acqUiN training, to
be freed from customary limitations
shuttuig them into a small number of
ill paid employments, while tlie Imme
.n..t u mnuMtv anneals to be a legisla-
IE were never better prepared to serve our
customers with the best up-to-date merchan
dise for the holiday season as at present.
Every thing in men's wearing apparel: Suits,
Overcoats, Shirts, Underwear, Hats, Hosiery,
House Coats, Bath Robes, Neckwear, etc.
WE BUY THEM BACK IF NOT SATISFACTORY-
D. S. Johnston Co.
UfUtt, i .. . ... .., -..
tive control Intended to prevent their
exploitation In their weakness by the
economically powerful employer on be
half of an Intelligent and unthinking
community. Until the advent of the
factory system women were at home
lv the Industrial world. They prob
ably worked as much and as intensely
as they do now. but they worked so
as to adjust their industrial activities
to their maternal privileges aud their
social and family life. Tbe rigidity of
factory life prevents this, and tbe
problem Is really one of controlling the
factory system so as to benefit by its
economies, allow women to share in
the productive activity of society as
tbey have always done and at the
same time save them and their cbil
dren alive. It is another phase of tbe
difficult task of mastering instead of
being mastered by the machine."
The eleven recommendations follow
The eight hour day
Elimination of night work.
Separate toilet rooms.
Seats for women and permission for
their use when tbe work allows.
Prohibition of employment of pregnant
women two months before and two
months after childbirth.
Pensions for working mothers during
the lying-in period.
An Increased number of women factory
Inspectors, based on the percentage of
women workers In the state.
That the state department of health be
urged to appoint as health Inspectors wo
men physicians, whose duty shall be to
visit all workshops where women and
children are employed, to examine Into
the physical condition of the workers
A legal minimum wage in sweated
For Nonunionists to Consider.
If the organization of only a part of
the wageworkers has proved of so
much benefit, an organization of the
whole mass would prove of immeas
We are from Missouri. If anyone can
furnish you the same quality and quan-
tity of goods that you get under Ever
i best and Quality brands we have to be
shown. Pacific Grocery Co.
Our way of guaranteeing the merchandise we sell.
RUST CLOTHING CO.
1819 Hewitt Aye.
With Six Records
The "Cygnet" is
a new type designed
by experts at the
Edison factory con
taining many advan
which commend it
For the Holidays
we will offer this
with six Amberol
Records (the new
4-minute record) at
a flat price of $30
on termse of one
Call early while
the stock is complete.
Edison and Victor
AVERTED A DUEL
Th* Soft Antwer That Was Returned
to the Challenge.
Mrs. Minnie Walter Myers, in her
"Romance and Iteailsm ol tbe South
ern Unit toast," gives au BCCOUUI ol
one of the last challenges to a duel
which occurred In Louisiana. The af
fair was between M. Marigny, who be
longed to one of tbe oldest families of
Louisiana, and a Mr. Humble, a sturdy
ex-biackamlth of Georgia, who had be
come a man of political conseiiuence.
Mr. Mnripny took offense at some re
marks of the Georgian and sent him a
challenge. The biir ei-blackamltb was
••I kuow nothing about this dueling
business," he said. "I will not tight
"You must." said his friend. "No
gentleman can refuse."
"I am uot a gentleman," replied the
honest son of (ieorgla. "I am only a
"But you will be ruined If you do uot
right." urged his friends. "You will
have the choice of weapous, and you
can choose so as to give yourself an
equal chance with your adversary."
The giant asked time In which to
couslder the question and ended by ac
cepting. He sent the following replj
to M. Marigny:
"1 nccept, and In the exercise of my
privilege I stipulate that the duel shall
take place in Lake Poutchartraiu, in
six feet of water, sledge hammers to
be used as weapous."
M. Marigny was about five feet
eight luches In height, aud his adver
sary was seveu feet. The conceit of
the Georgian so pleased M. Marigny.
who could appreciate a joke as well as
perpetrate one, that he declared him
self satisfied, and the duel did not take
PROVED HIS SPELLING.
An Incident In the Career of Stephen
Au amusing incident occurred lv Mc-
Lean county, 111., at the first court
which Stephen A. Douglas, the famous
polltlcau, attended after his election
as prosecuting attorney. There were
many Indictments to be drawn, writes
Professor Alleu Johnson In his life of
Douglas, and the new prosecuting at
torney in his haste wrote the name of
the county M'Clean Instead of McLean.
Ills professional brethren were greatly
amused nt this evidence of Inexperi
ence aud mo le merry over the blunder.
Finally John T. Stuart, subsequently
Douglas" political rival, moved that all
the Indictments be quashed. Judge
Logan looked at tbe discomfited youth
and asked what he had to say to sup
port the Indictments.
Smarting under the gibes of Stuart,
Douglas replied obstinately that he
had nothing to say, as he supposed the
,'ourt would not quash the Indictments
until the point had been proved. Tbis
answer caused more merriment, but
tbe judge decided tbat the court could
not rule upon the matter until tbe pie
rise spelling In the statute creating the
t'OUSty bad been ascertained.
No one doubted what the lesult
would be, but at least Douglas had the
satisfaction of causing his critics som«
tlelay for the statutes had to be pn>
.tired from an adjoining county.
To the astonishment of court and
bar and of Douglas himself it appeared
that he had spelled the name correct
ly. To the Indescribable chagriu of
the learned Stuart the court promptly
sustained all the Indictments. The
young attorney was in high feather
and made tbe most of his triumph
The incident taught him a useful les
son—henceforth he would admit noth
ing nnd require his opponents to prove
everything that bore upon the case In
Very Much Alike.
Mrs. J. Mrs. Gubs was at tbe bouse
this morning. She reminds me of un
Mr. J.—What's the answer, my dear.
Mrs. J.—She's always running other
must or not
Conditions That Make Pooslbla This
About that uatura) phenomenon, tbe
mirage, much mystery clung In days
of old, but science explains it as read
ily as the rainbow.
Tbe fata morgana of the strait of
Messina and tbe specter of the Brock
en were nothing more In sober reality
than mere mirage.
A mirage may occur at any place
where tbe denser stratum of air Is
placed above the lighter stratum, thus
refracting the rays of light, tbe com
mon surface of the two straturns act
ing as a mirror.
In looming mirages distant objects
show an extravagant increase in ver
tical height without alteration In
breadth. Distant hummocks of ice are
thus magnified into immense towers
and plumules, and a ship is sometimes
abnormally drawn out until It appears
twelve or thirteen times as high as It
is long. Rocks are seen drawn up to
ten or twelve times their proper
height. Houses as well as human be
ings and animals appenr in like exag
Another form of mirage is when a
ship or some other object near the
water seems greatly elongated and a
second Inverted Image meets it from
Sometimes the proper Image of the
object Is elevated far above the sea.
! while the second Image strangely np
• pears inverted beneath It, tlie whole
1 surrounded by a sheet of sky which ts
mirrored and repeated within It.
In ISS2 In the arctic region Captain
ftcoresby recognized by Its Inverted
; image in the air his father's ship, the
' Fame, which afterward proved to be
seventeen miles beyond the visible ho
; rlzon of bis observation.
One August evening in ISOfi Dr.
Vlnce saw from Ranisgate. at which
place only tbe tops of Dover castle
towers are usually visible, tbe whole
lof the castle. It appeared as thougt
lifted up and bodily placed on the near
side of the intervening bill. So per
fect was this illusion that the hill It
self actually could not be seen through
''■ the figure.
Some forms of mirage are lateral as
well as vertical, arising from unequal
! density of two contiguous vertical bod
-1 les of air. Thus on Lake Geneva a
> boat has been seen double, the two
' Images some distance apart,
I Persons have been duplicated lv the
game way. Any one on a hot day by
' placing lib* eye near to a heated wall
may see lateral mirages of objects at
j a distance aud nearly on a line with
| the wall.
Mirages are very frequent on des
erts or the large sandy plains which
abound in the southwestern states and
I territories Many a panting wagon
! train has pushed on tn Joyous haste
> at the sight of a green grove or limpid
I lake, only to be cruelly disappointed at
j the fading away of the vtalou. la It
I auy wonder that the uatlves aud In
> dlaus regard the phenomenon as tbe
> work of evil und tautalizlug sptrltsT
I ijike Ontario ts teasem for beauti-
I ful and wonderful mirages, during
> which the opposite shore of the lake
>ils plainly visible from either elds.—
U Give a copy of the Journal to your
E non-union friend and ask him to sub
scribe for t&te paper that stands square
> ly for the interaatt of the man who