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LABOR LAWS IN RHODE ISLAND.
Many Measures of Advantage to Labor
Introduced in Its Legislature.
The sixth week of the session of the
State legislature has seen many Inbor
measures introduced. Among the new
bills ure nets to appoint a commis
sion to Inquire into industrial aeci
dents; to cover machinery for the bet
ter protection of the operatives; for
liling with the factory inspector names
of witnesses of accidents: to restore
to the governor the right to dismiss
the factory Inspector and further de
flning the hitter's duties; to prevent
the overcrowding of tenement houses;
an amendment to the child labor law
in reference to edilcatiwnal tests of
applicants for work: to investigate the
fea-ibility of establishing an industrial
a-hool and extending the rights of civil
actions. I Ids last act is considered im
portant, a- the law now provides, iv civil
action, that damages ran lie claimed for
the loss of the services of a child only
from the date of the accident until the
time the child would become of age.
Sometimes only a few months would
elapse. The proposed amendment pro
vides that damages for injuries and suf
fering can be collected. The act to pro
vide for the further safety of the oper
atives is also a radical departure from
I lie present law. as the courts have prac
tically decided that an operative con
tinuing to work in the face of danger
assumes the liability.
TUBERCULOSIS IN DENMARK.
lv Denmark the campaign against
tuberculosis has been carried on system
atically since 1895, The reporting of
living cases of tuberculosis in Denmark
has been more successful than in almost
any other country of the world. The
death rate from pulmonary tuberculosis
has fallen from 10.38 to 18.33 per
10,000 from 1895 to 1908. There is now
"lie sanitorium for every 1244 inhabit
ants, and every tuberculosis patient is
assured of treatment at a cost within
reach of anyone. 'I'he state pays three
fourths of the expense of treatment and
the patient or his community the re
"ALL THE WORLD'S A STAGE.
A woman, queenly, with head held high.
Reigned over a social throng;
No one more gracious, no glance more
Ih-r laugh rang out for she ruled that
And her courtiers said that she ruled
As they hailed her with laughter and
And no one knew thnt this woman fair
Was only playing a part :
Her thoughts were miles and miles away
Ibr triumphs were ashes, her victories,
She dreamed at night, and she longed by
For peace for an aching heart.
A man there was at his office desk
Directing affairs of state.
He ruled men's lives with an iron hand,
No one more powerful in nil the land:
Position and wealth were his to com
( Mild one know kinder fate?
Net way down deep in this man's soul
He longed to end it all.
Nothing to him meant wealth ami
He would barter it all for a single hour
<»t a long gone past with its perfect
• if youth ami love's sweet call.
Our station in life may be high or low,
We are not what the world believes.
We speinl our lives at our daily task—
What we really think, no one need ask.
For come what may. we must wear the
It's a duty each om- achieves.
It i- pari of the wm Id's great scheme of
This s.eret longing we know;
It has always been thus it always will.
Don't judge too harshly, nor speak too
Of any, who knows, they are drinking
Of the . up of sorrow and woe.
—E I*. M.
PENDLETON BLANKETS AND ROBES NOW ON DISPLAY.
New Silk Foulards, Special, soc Yd.
Beaut:ful Foulard Silks in a wide range of colors and patterns. Included
are all the effects in small figured styles. Just now the price is excep
tionally low and prospective buyers will profit by making selections now.
Special value at 50c
Children's Aprons at 25c
Small size Aprons for Children; made of good quality chambray and come
in oxblood, light and dark blue, with white trimmings. Special at.. 2.V
Ladies' Petticoats at 98c
Ladies' Black Petticoats, made of heavy spun-glass in several effective
full ruffled styles. All sizes in stock. Special at - - WHc
NEW MUSLIN CORSET COVERS
Dolson & Cleavor
The Store That Save* You Money.
Both Phones 21 7. Hewitt and Rockefeller.
BUY LABEL GOODS.
Dr. Eliot, the mnu made fa
mous by Harvard university. Is
a sclent Itie boy cotter. He says:
"In nn Intelligent und wide
nwake democracy which does
not dread but rather likes the
uew or novel nnd Is not tbe
slave of tradition the consump
tion of any article which has be
come subject to v monopoly may
be suddenly nnd effectively re
duced. Even the most solid mo
nopolies fear the abstinence of
The union htbitl permits us to
apply the nbove philosophy of
the learned Itr. Eliot by the In
direct but no less effective meth
od of rewarding our friends. In
promoting a demand for the
products of union labor as dis
tinguished by the union label we
at the same time punish our ene
MINERS AND MITCHELL.
Former President Not Likely to Leave
Before adjourning the annual con
vention of the United Mine Workers
of America nt Columbus, 0., early in
the week, the delegates voted to so
amend their constitution thnt former
President John Mitchell either will
have to resign his $5,000 berth ns
chairman of the trades agreement de
partment of the National Civic fed
eration or his membership In the
While Mr. Mitchell will have until
April 1 to make bis attitude known
with deflnlteness, friends of his assert
that the union will never go so far ns
to expel him. They polat to the fact,
as alleged, that retiring President Tom
L. Lewis, with whom Mitchell Is per
sona non grata, has been striving for
years to bring about just such a con
summation, but they declare that the
Lewis element, which is really a mi
nority, as shown by the recent elec
tion, cannot expect to go much further.
The American Federation of Labor,
though the United Mine Workers are
affiliated with thnt body, cannot take
any official action regarding the ulti
matum of the convention of the Mine
Workers to John Mitchell, giving him
till April either to leave the Civic fed
eration or the union. Many of the of
ficers of the American Federation of
Labor personally side with Mitchell
Tbey deny that the Civic federation
Is inimical to organised labor.
Hugh Prayne, general organizer for
the New York district of the American
Federation of Labor and who worked
in the coal mines himself, said:
"No one knows better than I do the
feelings of the miners toward Mr
Mitchell, and I nm certain that tf the
ultimatum of the convention, which
was attended by 1.200 delegates, wns
put to a referendum vote of the 300,
--000 members of the union it would not
be sustained. I know, and so do they,
thut he has the Interests of the union
at heart ns much as ever."
Seller Fixes the Price.
"The seller sets the price." This Is
true In everything except labor, and
where labor Is strong enough to de
mand n price some would have us be
lieve that an outrage had been com
mitted when that price is demanded.
Why should not the seller of labor, the
only commodity he has for sale, bo al
lowed to demand the price? And why
should not the worker, either Individ
ually or collectively, be allowed to re
fuse the price offered to blm for bis
labor by those who are in the market
for It? Volumes have been written on
this subject, but the fundamental prln
clple will never be overthrown.—lnter
national Steam Engineer.
American Seamen Will Strike.
Matthew Tearle, secretary of tho
American branch of the Sailors and
Firemen's Union of Great Britain, re
ports thut at a meeting attended by
representatives of the International
Seamen's Union of America In New
York it was voted unanimously to
join in the strike of the English sen
men to start at all ports In May, the
date to be made public the evening be
fore It goes into effect.
Trade Union Gossip.
Tbe International Union of Cutting
Die and Cutter Makers will meet In
convention at Chicago on May 1.
Madera. Visalia. Exeter, Huuford
and Fresno. Cab, are building up
strong labor union organizations.
Tbe Illinois legislature is investigat
ing charges of blacklisting against tbe
clothing manufacturers of Chicago.
NEW HOUSE DRESSES
WAGES OF LABOR.
Basis on Which All Business Is
FOUNDATION OF ALL WEALTH
Earnings of Toil Support En.ire
Structure of Commerce and Industry
Low Wages Lessen Incomes of
Manufacturer and Merchant.
Mili<v manufacturers nnd mon limits
uttcriv fall iii niiderotiiiiri iin- Intimate
relation nf win-os to htiHiiintH, moan
Ing Initb ihc vnluti.i- ul liltHineas und
the grade nf good-* miiutifni turod
They look U|HIII I ho mlllllttlN of I o i[ill
Intion us nn alKlrui I tiling which
should moan v 111 rue volume ot httttl
■less, inn overlook tho tint Hint it Is
not the barefooted muu thnt creates a
dpniuud for h |mlr of shoes but it Is
the man needing shoos who is the hap
py posMossor of money wilh which to
Our merchants and iiicnufieturers
seem to imdi'l-staml that II serious croft
shortage iv tin- ugrii-ultuml districts
forownrns them of lessoned I rode in
those districts, bill they do not seotl)
to comprehend that n WUge shortage
in the industrial centera win ns surely
diminish tho volume of trnde in those
Every merchant nnd manufacturer
is dependent upon the purchases of the
masses of the people nnd not upon lilt?
purchases of the classes whose nuiii
tier Is very limited, und whose pur
chases are largely made abroad.
For Illustration, If the shoe business
of this country were confined to sup
plying the wnnts of coupon cutters
about 05 per cent of shoo miinufuctur
ers and shoe retailers would have to
go out of business.
It Is said of one New York million
aire that he pays $20 to $25 n pair for
his shoes—custom made—nnd that as
soon ns the new custom shop finish
wears off so they need to be polished
he throws them away nnd dons n new
pnlr. This man of wealth Is quite ex
t ravage nt In shoes, but there are not
enough like him to run a modern shoe
factory three months in the year, and.
moreover, he himself, with all his
wealth. Is dependent on the masses of
the people for their maintenance of tbe
volume of business, which supports all
his various properties and yields blm
his vast income.
Vast fortunes are engaged In busi
ness enterprises or are invested In real
estate or railroads. In either case in
come depends not on the commerce of
the rich, but upon tbe purchases of
the masses—lv a large sense the wages
These wages support the families
that support the merchants. The mer
chants and families support tho laud
lords who owu the high renting retail
stores and tenements.
Tbey ulso support the schools, street
railroads and other merchants.
Tbey also support the manufacturers
and their employees lv other cities and
all merchants nnd landlords dependent
And these families nud tholr wages
and their merchants and their manu
facturers In transporting goods or per
sons from one city to another constl
tuto tbe business of the railroads.
Wage earners spend nearly all tbey
receive. If they receive more they
spend more. If they receive less they
are obliged to spend less.
Every time wages nre raised 10 per
:-ent there is 10 per cent ndded to their
When wages are reduced the volume
of business Is reduced just thnt much.
When n merchant favors reducing
the wnges of labor In bis own city be
Is voting to diminish his own business
aud is approaching that much nearer
Since labor unions fight to preserve
and advance wages they operate to
maintain or enlarge tbe volume of
trade, and at the same time they are
protecting their members from starva
tion wnges they are protecting the
merchants from bankruptcy through
Some misguided small bore capital
ists say that we need an influx of
cheap Asiatic labor.
Let us grant their contention figura
tively and what would be tbe result?
We will assume that all our labor
Is performed by Chinese.
Then all our commerce would con
sist of supplying the Chinese with
their oriental food and clothing, and
even these would be supplied by Chi
nese merchants, as is the case now on
the Pacific coast.
Our merchants would vanish, and
our city real estate values would
shrink 75 per cent or more.
Every railroad would go Into n re
ceivership, and all our manufactur
ing enterprises would perish.
Every one of tbe great fortunes that
flaunt their wealth and Insult our tn
tolllgence would crumble.
Our rich men are either very Igno
rant or else they think we are.
They ought to know that we know
that the thing thnt supports the whole
structure of manufacturing, merchnn
dislng. real estate values and railroads
Is the standard of wages, to maintain
which the unions are pledged to tbe
last man and the last dollar.
Our exploiters are not smart enough
to get much fat off the commerce of
a Chinaman. They wont to exploit a
man who earns more and so Is more
profitable. Tbey know.
Individual cases of wage cutting
may be profitable to employer or to
merchant In an Immediate sense or for
a special reason, but If the condition
were general and continued It would
be ruinous for all-
LIABILITY LAW UPHELD.
Federal Judge Declares Act of 1908 to
Judge Rellatab of tbe United Stutea
circuit court, dlatrlcl of New Jersey,
bas Just banded down a decision on
the employers' liability act of 1!H«. leg
lslatlon which bas been watched with
Intense Interest all over tbe country,
both by lawyers and laboring men.
since 1907. when tbe first federnl at
tempt at such legislation, tbe employ
ers' liability act of 1900, was pro-
THE LABOR JOURNAL
Bounced unconstitutional. Judge Rell
stnb holds thut the act of liKiS Is con
stliutlomU. thus differing from Judge
Baldwin of Connecticut governor of
thnt stute. who heliitlint It was union
stltutlonul and with whom Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt became Involved
In n bitter controversy on tbe subject
of the Judge's decision.
The case upon which Judge Rell
stub's decision was bused will be car
ried to the United States supreme
court by the defendant company In nn
attempt to have this latest employers'
liability uct pronounced of no effect
No case tins been carried there since
the law passed, and the lower courts
over the country that liuve passed on
It have differed, there being, however,
n predominance of opinion lv fuvor of
Suspension of Carpenters.
The action taken by the building
trade department of tbe American
Federation of Labor In suspending the
United Brotherhood of Carpenters und
Joiners from the department nt the re
cent St Louis convention wns not le
gal, according to Willlnm I). Huber.
general president of the brotherhood
The siiuio position Is taken by Frank
Duffy, the general secretary. They
come al that n two-thirds vote is neces
sary to suspend an organisation from
membership In the department aud
•hat the vote nt the convention stood
thirty-one In favor of suspension nnd
twenty-two against The snnie vote
»lso covered the suspension of the lu
ternntlonnl Association of Steam nnd
Hot Water Fitters, whose case was
disposed of at the same time as that
of the carpenters and Joiners. In both
cnses the charge wns that the lnternn
tlonnls hnd not obeyed what Is known
ns the Tampa decision relntlng to mat
ters of Jurisdiction.
Strike Guar-de Costly.
The strike nt the mills of the Inter
national Paper company, nt Corinth,
Saratoga county. N. V., last summer
cost the county $20.071.17. This mon
ey was expended for the national
gunrd nnd deputy sheriffs who were
detailed there during the strike.
LABOR'S BEST WEAPON.
Much of the success of the
union movement In this nnd
future years will depend upon
the use the labor men innke of
their purchasing power. To em
ploy union labor by purchasing
Union In be! goods Is the most
effective weapon of organized la
bor. It can change the com
merce nnd manufactures of the
land. Start right In this respect
and keep up the good work nnd
the future Is ours
In the federal courts Judge Taft long
ago paved the way and built tbe fouu
datlon. for the abuse nnd perversion of
the Injunction writ. He issued this
sjiecles of Injunction wlXle Judge, and
he defended it during his presidential
campaign nnd in bis inaugural ad
dross. In his speeches at Worcester.
Mass., and Passaic. N. J., last year
and again in his message to tbe pres
ent session of congress. The fact of
the mutter is that the Moon bill, the
enactment of which tbe president
urged, would not remove one wrong
or rectify ovie Jot of the injunction
abuse and perversion. Its enactment
would simply have this one effect—lt
would legalize and give statutory au
thority for the issuance of these in
junctions. It would put on tbe statute
books In the form of a law what is
now simply judicial invasion, court
made laws. —Samuel Gompers.
To Fight Yellow Labor.
The International union with which
the unions of cooks, waiters and res
taurant employees cf the country are
affiliated has Informed the unions of
these crafts In San Francisco thut It
will aid them financially tn the tight
to exclude all Asiatics from employ
ment In saloons and restaurants in that
THE UNIONIST'S DUTY.
Mr. Union Man. whnt are you
doing with your portion of tbe
$1,500,000.1X10 received each fear
by the members of labor unions
us wages und expended for the
necessaries of life?
The purchase of union label
goods by each member of all un
ions would work a commercial
revolution. John Mitchell says
that If each member of organ
ized labor would do his duty in
this respect there would not be
an unfair article on the market.
Use your purchasing power.
The Long and Short Of It
We are atill at the old stand
of all kinds at
Morrow Bldg« 2912 Rockefeller
Tha Labor Journal la printed her*
TIME LOST BY WORKERS.
Compulsory Vacation! Cut Down Chi
cago Painters' Wagei.
According (o v report issued by
local No. IM. Brotherhood of Painters,
Decorators and Paperbangers of Chi
cago, 007 members lost lv time a total
of seventy-three years and ten mouths
nnd In wages $93,037.20 during the
all months between Jan. 1 nnd July
This union, which Is composed of
nearly 2,000 members, is the first to
make an Investigation of Industrial
conditions among Its members The
policy was new, und Interest was not
fully aroused among the membership,
so only 007 replies were received, und.
while but a portion of the membership
replied, the report Is of Importance in
showing trade conditions which con
front the painters and Is likely to set
an example to other unions to gather
similar data. Such Information will
be invaluable as the basis of remedial
legislation, as well as of trade union
The report showed that of the 007
members of No. 104 who reported
72.0 per cent nre married. Of thnt
number 122 bad no children depend
ent on them, while the remaining 310
had 730 dejiendeiit children The aver
age age of the members reporting
was thirty-five years and five months.
Of the 007 only 17.7 per cent have
steady work. Eighty two and three
tenths per cent have "compulsory va
cation" of eight weeks and three days
every six months, or more than four
months a year. Taking the rate of 55
cents an hour as the bnsis of compu
tation, the average weekly rate of
wages among the 007 was $17.20.
The report shows that the total time
lost by the 007 members reporting was
3,813 weeks, or seventy-three years
and ten months time lost In the six
months covered by tbe report. If the
same average holds good It should
show a loss of 227 years In the same
six months as the time lost by the
entire membership of the local.
If such are the conditions among
men strongly organized for an eight
hour day, with time and a half for
overtime and double time for holidays
and Saturday afternoons, the condi
tions existing among the unorganized
painters can the more easily be Imag
, LABOR OF CONVICTS.
Tend* to Deprive Honest Workingmen
The convict contract labor system,
which Is still In vogue In some parts
of our country, has many sins to an
swer for, but none surpasses In Its im
mediate consequences and remoter
suggestiveness the story we got from
a Texas town, says ti Minnesota
Union Advocate. There the system is
in full sway and is largely relied on by
tbe Atchison, Topelca nnd Santa Fe
railroad in Its repair and construction
work. The company has about 200
convicts from one of the state prisons
at work on its right of way, and the
town Is full of Idle "free" lab»r from
the colder climates of tbe north, which
has gone there in search of work.
Numbers of the homeless. Jobless,
hopeless "free" laborers are forced by
the conditions surrounding them to
break the law in order that they may
get food by working on some convict
Our civilization has brought work
ingmen to a strange pass under the
domination of organized capital when
they find lawbreakers given preced
ence over them in opportunities for
employment and have to become such
themselves to escape starvation. Un
der such circumstances no one can
deny that it is high time for a change
in our system.
There nre twenty-one unions, with an
aggregate membership of 25,000, affil
iated with the New York city Allied
Printing Trades council.
The Chicago Federation of Labor has
Indorsed Edward F. Dunne, Democrat,
and Charles E. Merrlam, Republican,
as candidates for mayor of that city.
The new constitution of Arizona con
tains an anti child labor clause, provi
sion for the referendum and initiative,
an employers' liability clause and pro
hibition of alien labor on public works.
FOR SALE—ReaI Estate Blanks. Short
form for time transaction. News Pub
lishing Co., 2012 Rockefeller Ava.
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE OF SALE
OF REAL ESTATE.
IX THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE
STATE OF WASHINGTON, IN
AND FOR THE COUNTY OF
In the Matter of the Estate of Wilhelm
Thomas H. Koldernp, the administra
tor of the estate of Wilhelm Jenson.
decease.!, having his petition herein
praying for an order of sale of real es
tate <>f said decedent for the purposes
therein set forth.
It is therefore ordered hy the judge
of said court that all persons interest
ed in the estate of said deceased ap
pear Itefore the said superior court on
Saturday, the 11th day of March.
1911, tit 10 o'clock in the forenoon of
said day at the court room of said nn
perior court, at the court house of said
county of Snohomish, Everett, to show
cause why an order should not be
granted to the said Thomas 11. Holder
up to sell so much of the real estate of
the said deceased as shall be necessary;
And that a copy of this order lie pub
lished at least four successive weeks in
the Labor Journal, a newspaper printed
and published in said count v.
Date of first publication. Feb. 10,
IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE
STATE OF WASHINGTON, IN
AND FOR SNOHOMISH
Marie E. F. McKim, alias Marie E. F.
McKay, Plaintiff, vs. Ernest Cody Mc-
Kirn, alias Ernest Cody McKay, De
The State of Washington, to the
above named defendant, Ernest Cody
McKim, alias Ernest Cody McKay,
You are hereby summoned to appear
within sixty days after the first pub
lication of this summons, to-wit, within
sixty days after the 20th day of Janu
ary, A. I). 1911, and defend the above
entitled action in the above entitled
court, and answer the complaint of the
Custom Tailors' Union ho}!
IS ON YOUR GARMENTS
We have a first-class shop and are prepared to take care of your wants
in up-to-date clothes.
REMOVED TO 1812 1-2 HEWITT. OVER THE CHICAGO
WE LEAD while others follow
FOR FINE PHOTOS
Tbe Brusb studio
WE MOVED TO COMMERCE BLDG.
Ferry Baker Lumber Co.
Sunset 886, 887 PHONES Ind. 88
plaintiff, and serve a copy of your an
swer upon the undersigned attorneys
for the plaintiff at their office below
stated; and in case of your failure so
to do, judgment will he rendered against
you, according to the demands of the
complaint, which has been filed with
the clerk of said court.
The object of this action is for a di
vorce from said defendant.
MOORE & KLEIN,
Attorneys for Plaintiff. P. 0. and Of
fice Address, Rooms 214-215-210 Colby
Bldg., Everett, Snohomish Co., Wash.
Date of first pub. Jan. 20. 7t
Hartford Fire Insurance Co.
Is the largest premium earning
company in America. It paid in
full the largest loss in the world's
history in the San Francisco dis
aster, and now has twenty-one
millions of assets. It is above sus
John Mcßae Agent
Rooms 15 and 16,
Phone, Sunset 728. Fobes Bldg.
E. E WEBER J. F. SPRINGES
2903 Hewitt Avenue—Riverside
All our goods are manufactured in
Imperial Tea Co.
1407 HEWITT AVENUE.
Factory 2823 Rucker Avenue.
142 BOTH PHONES 142
All Prices at
1714 Hewitt Avenue
C. H. CLIFTON, Propr.
Heating, Ventilating and Roofing
All Kindt of Repair Work. Kitimatei
Phone Ind. 16Y.
I »937 Broadway EVERETT
SEE THAT THE
our methods our slock of lumber and
shingles, and our prices.
We are confident that it will re
sult in securing your business when
you need anytning from a fence post
to a bill of lumber for a house.
Shnigles. Laths or Lumber—One
Piece or a Carload.
C. A. Hudson W. R. Booth
Timber Lands, Logged Off Lands
Real Estate, Insurance and Loans.
Phone Sunset 102.
CONSULT US ABOUT YOUR EYE
VVe don't prescribe glasses unless you
need them. We make our own glasses
aud sell them at moderate cost, and
EVERETT OPTICAL CO.
2812 Colby Aye. Everett
Friday, March 3. 191 I.
Hudson & Booth
Everett Printers Who Can Put
the Label on Your Printing.
1 News Publishing Company.
2 Herald Printing Company.
3 Tribune Printing Company.
4 Cascade Printing Company.
5 Everett Print Shop.
7 Pacific Printing Company.
The Union Transfer
Phone Main 141
Baggage, Furniture, Piano and
Machinery sieving, Storage
Livery aud Boarding Stable
Corner Grand and California.
N. B. CHALLACOMBE.
fUNKRAI. UiaKCTOR AND
Telephone Main j6B
aßia Rockefeller Aye . Everett
JOHN F. JERREAD
»939 Broadway Phone M. ajo
DAY AND NIGHT SERVICE