OCR Interpretation


The labor journal. (Everett, Wash.) 1909-1976, October 18, 1912, Image 1

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88085620/1912-10-18/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

THE LABOR JOURNAL
Mention the Journal to the
merchant who solicits your patron
age through these columns.
♦ Vol. XXII.
It's Overcoat Weather Now
md you should see_at once our great display of -
Brodeck's Special Union Made
OVERCOATS
THEY ARE OVERCOATS YOU'LL LIKE
These swagger new Overt oats are selling fast, with good
reason.
They are the best values (hat have been produced in many
a day.
STYLES thai are extremely attractive, [f you have not
teen litis Union Made line of Overcoats, make ii your business
to do so at once.
You'll enjoy seeing them. We will enjoy showing them ti>
you.
The price is always consistenl with quality here.
THE BRODECK CO.
CORNER WETMOUEI7OI-3 HEWITT AYE.
We Give S. & H. Grcsn Trading Stamps
OUTING FLANNEL
NIGHT GO WNS
EXCELLENT GARMENTS
Well made of good grade Outing in
plain white and fancy stripes; high
neck styles. Special, ftl"
each.... DOC
Children's Rain Capes
Children's "Bestyett" Rain Capes, absolutely waterproof pg||
fn- in red and bin Bg" JS B*£ H I
in/! • .ilerpriMif school bag free \\\<U srJU la lE Hi
•fecial, each W ■ W W
BOYS' WAISTS
Bo\Flannel Waists', fine quality;
Gome in gray, navy and brown; «"
h\/y-; regular Ooc values. Special 50c
BOYS' PANTS
Bo\-' Knee Pants, excellent for school
Wear; come in plain blue and gray
mixtures. Special 29c
W. H. CLEAVER <^r-2S
Both Phones 217
Successor to Dolson & Cleaver
BUSINESS SUCCESS
depends in a large measure on the timely aid and counsel of
ii strong and conservative bank.
The watchword of ibis bank is "Service" to easterners,
and its officers make it a p"int t<> be genuinely interested in
the success of its depositors.
New accounts are invited, with assurance of the hearty co
operation, within coiiservativeVoiinds, of the official staff of
litis hank.
BANK OF COMMERCE
CALL ROR THE
HAFERKORN SEAL
SOUDAN SECOND
Union Made by
Haferkorn Cigar Co.
Riley-Cooley Shoe Co.
FULL LINE OF UNION MADE SHOES
Both Phones 766 1712 Hewitt
REGULAR $1.15 VALUES
In plain colon and fancy stripes high
or low neck stylos: excellent grade
outing; worth to $1.25. aq
Bp icial, • ach \POC
Fine Muslin Corset Covers, embroid
ery yokes and dainty lace trimming.
Special 25c
Heavy fleeced Flannelettes, for kimo
nos and dressing ISCqUes; new pat
terns in figured and floral designs.
Special, yard 15c
and
5c Cigars
THE
CORSET COVERS
Hewitt and Rockefeller
THE LABOR JOURNAL
THE OFFICIAL PAPER ()1 THE EVERETT TRADES COUNCIL
Devoted to the Interest
FRIENDS OF DIRECT LEGISLATION
MUST DEMAND WORKABLE LAW
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR THE FIRST ORGAN
IZED BODY OF MEN TO OFFICIAALY ENDORSE DIRECT
LEGISLATION -PHILADELPHIA CONVENTION OF 1892
TOOK ADVANCED GROUND AND LABOR HAS SINCE
BATTLED FOR THIS REFORM.
(Editor*! Note.- The following timely
article on Direct Legislation will be of
particular interest to Washington voters.
November ."> the voters of this slate will
approve or reject constitutional amend
ments providing for the initiative, refer
endum and recall. The proposed amend
ments are weak In two places, i. c., they
do not allow the voters to initiate and
refer to popular vote, constitutional
amendments, nor iloes the recall apply
to the judiciary. This should not cause,
however, a single voter to vote against
the proposed amendments. Determined
efforts will l>e made at the next legisla
tive session to remedy the defects and
the sentiment expressed by a majority
of legislative candidates is' favorable to
success. In nil other respects save the
exceptions noted the law is exceptionally
strong. The percentage necessary to in
itiate is low enough to put the law easily
within the grasp of the people. The
Interests arc at last aroused and arc
fighting the passage of this amendment.
They would fight any direct legislation
measure that had teeth in it. Friends
of direct legislation are urged to vote
for this measure. The writer of the fol
lowing article is the national Held sec
retary of the National Referendum
League and probably the besl posted
man on direct legislation in the united
State-.)
By Judson Kin;;.
In his timely and valuable article on
the "Initiative. Referendum and Recall"
lin the August American Pederationist,
President Compere pointed out that the
American Federation of Labor was the
first body of organized men in the United
stales officiary to endorse direct legis
lation and to demand thai the initiative,
referendum and recall he added to the
political tool-chest of the people. That
action was taken at the Philadelphia
convention on December IT. 1802, and
ever since then organised labor has been
the m<>~t powerful continuous force bat
tling for these reforms. In isnii labor
could not get the ohl party politicians
within a mile of a pledge to support di
rect legislation, save in rare instances.
In 1918 thousands of old party an.l new
party politicians are imploring the vot
ers to elect them to state legislatures,
or make them governors, presidents, or
what not. because they arc in favor of
the initiative and referendum.
Organised labor in thousand* of elec
toral districts is now questioning candi
dates how they stand on this issue, and
whether they will, if elected, submit to a
vote of the people amendments to their
state constitution* providing for the In
itative ami referendum, and it is safe to
say that in a majority of instances they
will get an affirmative answer. The
stone which the politicians once rejected
has become the threshold of entrance to
the political temple.
But it is of the utmost importance at
this time to ascertain what kind of an
Initiative and referendum amendment j
the candidate favors. It is not enough j
to stop with gaining a mere assent toi
"the principle." It makes no difference!
how much a man shouts for "the rule of I
the people;" if he refuses to support an
honest, workable, amendment which ex
perience -hows to be just and right, be
must for practical purposes be regarded
as unfriendly to the initiative and refer
endum.
An examination of the actual workings
of the initative and referendum in the
states where it is now in operation, will
demonstrate that it is one thing to have
"the principle in the state constitution,"
and quite another to have a system
which is workable and with which the
voters can do business. The initiative
and referendum is a piece of political
machinery as easy to put out of com
mission as to "pi" a page of type. An
ordinary statute law can be amended by
the legislature. To change the initiative
and referendum requires an amendment
to the constitution, and involves a fight
as difficult as to get it adopted in the
first place. Moreover it often take
many years to demonstrate the harm
done by jokers and to remedy them. It
has taken one hundred years to convince
the American people that the "cheeks
and balances" of the constitution are
responsible for much of the mis repre
sentative government we have had. We
arc finding it out now to the distress of
our health, happiness and poeketbooks.
The clever corporation lobbyists do
not ask that "checks and balances" be
placed in the initiative and referendum.
It is "safeguards and restrictions" which
they want now. but they are playing the
same old game under a new name.
The forces of organised labor, particu
larly the legislative committees, must
look out for those "safeguards and re
strictions." When a candidates states
that he is "in favor of the 'principle' of
the initiative and referendum, but has
not made up his mind" as to the par
ticular provisions, it is time to put a
question mark after his name right on
the spot, and at the first opportunity to
have a heart to talk with him as to just
what he means. If you want to get
right at the real vital elements of a
workable initiative and referendum with
him, let me suggest
Five Initiative and Referendum Ques
tions for Candidates.
1. Will you vote to apply the initia-
EVEKETT, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, OCTOBEH is. L 912.
live to constitutional amendments ns
well as to statute laws?
2. Are you in favor of the standard
percentages on petitions not more than
8 per cent lor the referendum, not. more
than 8 per cent for the Inltative, and
with no distribution in counties 1 No
state should require more than 80,000
for the intiative and 80,000 actual signa
tures for the referendum.
x Will you oppose an "emergency
clause" which will permit the legislature
absolutely to deny the people the righl
of a referendum vote on any law it sens
fit to say is ''necessary for the immedi
ate preservation of the public peace,
health or safety?"
4. Do you think measures should he
adopted when they receive a majority of
the ' vote cast thereon." or would you
! vote to require them to have a majority
of "all votes cast in the election?"
5. Will you favor a modern, efficient,
economical system of informing the vot
ers on the questions submitted, similar
to the Oregon publicity pamphlet sys
tem, and give the people the right to
include arguments for or against meas
ures, they paying the actual cost of the
■ space taken?
j Each one of the points covered by
,! these questions is necessary to the sue
, cessful working of the initiative and
I referendum. There are other "jokers,"
but these are the most dangerous. Tn
order to drive home their value, let me
. illustrate their significance by giving a
few illustrations from recent experience
of those states which have direct legis
lation in operation.
First Question—Smith Dakota. Mon
tana and Maine do not have the consti
tutional initiative. You have heard of
(nothing vital being done in these states,
although South Dakota has had the in
itiative and referendum since 1898, If
the people of Oregon had not had the
constitutional initiative, the tremendous
, progress made there would have lx-en
• I blocked. Out of tbe'sixty-fnur questions
'I Voted on by the people since 1!M)2. eigh
teen have been amendments to the con
atitution, of which eleven have been
adopted and a big majority of those
have been initiated by the people. These
annulments constitute the backbone of
Oregon's progress.
The states of "Washington and Idaho
will vote upon the adoption or rejection
of the initiative and referendum at the
November election, but the constitutional
initiative is omitted from these proposed
amendments. The corporations permit
ted the legislature to grant the statu
tory initiative but refused it on amend
ments.
Second Question —Montana adopted
the initiative and referendum in 1906.
Never heard of even a statute law being
voted on in that slate, did you? Why?
Because petitions must be signed by the
required percentages TN EACH OF TWO
FIFTHS OF THE COUNTIES OK THE
STATE. That makes it costly and bur
densome. The State Federation of
Labor tried in H»O7 to get an initiative
petition for the direct election of United
States senators and some other meas
ures nnd fell down. In 1011 they tried
to get a referendum petition on the in
famous Dick military law as enacted in
that state, and failed—until helped out
by the People's Power League of Mon
tana, which completed their petition for
them. They could have gotten the peti
tion in the cities and towns, but when
they had to go to the country it was too
costly. A provision in the Missouri
amendment distributing petitions in two
thirds of the congressional districts has
been found unexpectedly burdensome.
Next November the people of Nebras
ka will vote on an amendment which has
this joker in it. These last eases are a
little loss severe than in Montana, but
will be found burden->me. This "joker"
is especially aimed at organized labor,
because it compels the unions to pay
the expenses of men to go out into the
rural counties to get their petitions
! completed, when they could more easily
'do it in their own localities and in in
dustrial centers. Do you see the point
in this "safeguard"?
This fall the people of Wyoming nnd
Florida will vote upon initiative and
referendum amendments, in which the
petitions are fixed at 25 per cent for
'lH.th the initative nnd referendum.
'Mississippi votes on one which requires
20 per cent for the constitutional in
itiative, 15 per cent for the statutory
initiative and 10 per cent for the refer
endum all entirely too high. It is well
to note at this point that this fall a
large number of questions are to be Voted
on in Oregon and Colorado, due to the
M ,.„1„.t of the legislatures to attend to
the business of the people, and that dur
ing the next two years these examples
' will be held up as excuses in all the leg
islatures for requiring high petition- m
future amendments. These quest ions
are not on the ballot beOMM it is easy
to get petition but because the people
are determined to have these questions
settled.
of Organized Labor
URGED FOR THE
SUPREME BENCH
THE SUPREME COURT HANDS
JUDGE BLACK A KNOCKOUT
AND FRIENDS WANT HIM
TO RUN FOR THE SUPREME
COURT VACANCY.
Suppose you had started in when a
mere boy to make a mark for yourself
in the world. Had worked ,il the hardest
kind of labor to earn money enough t"
put yourself through school. Had, aftei
dint of much saving and seltdenial, com
pleted your law coarse, Through yean
of adversity had fought your way to an
honorable place in your profession. In
the course of time hail been elevated (■■
the bench by an overwhelming majority.
Would your ambition stop there? Well
suppose you wanted to round out n
long and useful career by serving Un
people of your state as their governor.
Suppose, nfter carefully studying the law
as handed down in several slates yon
were confident there was no legal ob
stacle to your candidacy. Suppose you
made a primary campaign and the voters
of your party made it plain tiny wanted
you as their standard-bearer and you
were nominated. Suppose you were re
ceived so warmly everywhere in your
campaign that you were just as BUre of
being elected governor as of sitting down
to your next meal. And then -oppose
some people, who, throughout the cam
paign had never raised a question as to
your eligibility, discovered after you
were nominated that you didn't have
any right to run at all and hauled you
into the supreme court. Suppose the
ablest attorneys in the state assured you
thnt they couldn't knock you out and
you knew, too, that the weight of de
cisions in other states was on your side.
And then suppose the supreme court
threw 3'ou bodily out of the running.
It would be the keenest kind of a dis
appointment to you, wouldn't it. and
you couldn't help harboring the feeling
that fate had hit you below the lie!:.
That's what happened to Judge W. W.
Black of this city, nominated by his
party for governor of Washington and
thrown out of the running by a decision
of the supreme court. Regardless of the
fine spun theories of the supreme court,
the people of the state wanted him for
governor nn<l he is now being urged by
his friends to run for the supreme conn
vacancy caused by the death of Judge
Dunbar. They argue that the courts
can't stop him from running for that
office and that he would make just as
good a supreme court justice as he would
a governor.
It is too late for his name to appear
on the printed ballot but if he would
consent to run there are two ways in
which be could be voted for. i. c. by
sticker or by writing in his name on the
ballot. There are three supreme court
justices to be elected and only two names
will ap|H-ar on the printed ballot. Judge
Main, who succeeded Judge Dunbar by
appointment, must himself use the
sticker rou)te for election. If Judge
Black is persuaded to run it will be a
contest between him and Judge .Main
lor the third judgeship.
RECOVERING FROM OPERA
TION.
Mrs. Zeigler was brought homo from
the Seattle, hospital Wednesday and i«
reported to be getting along splonotdly.
She will be compelled to forego active
work for some time to c c but declare!
her intention of getting out to the polls
November 5. While in tin' hospital in
Seattle Mrs. Zeigler was visited many
times by members of the Seattle Label
League, who left flowers, reading matter,
etc. Mrs. Zeigler says she will never
forget the thought fulness of the Seattle
sisters nor thnt of her own Wends a!
home.
I*llii*l Qui—i ion fa South Dakota, it
the legislature does not want tin- people
to vote on a law, it "declare! an emerg
ency to exist," the law goes into effect
at once, and no referendum can he hail
by petition of the people. About 40 per
cent of the laws passed in that state
are removed from the power of the peo
ple in this manner. That is, the "refer
endnm" exists only at the will of the
legislature, which practically is no refer
endum at all. This clever tricky method
of suspending the referendum is fixed in
many of the amendments now in use.
The "joker" is right here. In order to
give time for referendum petitions it is
customary to provide that no law passed
by a legislature can go into effect for
ninety days after the session ends. But
at times it is necessary ami proper that
a law take effect AT ONCE in genuine
"emergency cases" without waiting for
the ninety days. The legislature decides
what is an emergency, and the trick lies
in so framing the provision that an
emergency denies forever a referendum
of the people, where it should simply al
low the law to go*into effect at oMe
ami remain in effect until repealed either
by the legislature or by a vote of the
people. This hitter form gives the poo
pie power to reject the law through the
referendum, if they choose. The "joker
ed" form allows the legislature to sus
pond the referendum when it sees lit
ami annuls the powt-r of the referendum.
CLOSE SEASON
WITH TIE GAME
SMOKESTACKERS HOOK UP
WITH ALL-STAR AGGREGA
TION AND PLAY THE LEAG
URES TO A STANDSTILL IN
TEN-INNING GAME.
Just to show their real class the
Smokestackera wound op the baseball
season Sunday by holding the league
all star aggregation to a ten-inning tied
score game It was a formidable buncli
of ball players the locals faced and verj
few of the fans expected them to bold
them even. There was Shaw, Jackson
and Wilson of the Seattle pennant win
nets; James, of Vancouver; Mullen, of
Lincoln, Neb., in the Central League:
Brooks of Victoria; Hannah of the south
era league: Schmulz. the Tacoma league
flingerj Quigley, of the Union Assn. No
bushers, these, and the fans wouldn't
have laid a word if they had romped
away with the game. But they didn't
romp -not to any noticeable extent
and they Were lucky to get out with a
tied score.
The game was all the more remarkable
for the fact that Singleton went in with
a bad arm and pitched the entire gaun-
under stress. In only one inning did he
show a flash of his old form and yet
seven hits were all the leaguers could
annex from his delivery. Hi- support
wobbled at times but in the main wa-
:;ilt edge. Martin cut off two hits over
second that seemed forlorn chances and
Holdorman electrified the crowd by pick
ing one off the center-field fence.
The nil-stars scored first blood in the
fourth inning and the Smokestaekers
came back in their half with four runs
on three hits and a combination of er
rors, [n the first of the sixth the all
stars put three across on three hits an i
an error by Krause. and the Smoke
stackers took the lead again on two hits
and an error by Hannah, who dropped
the ball at the plate, allowing Krause
to score. The game should have ended
with the Smokestnckers one in the leail Mr, Bell's rise in tin: legal professi n
hut in the eighth Martin presented the has been rapid but it has been a dot lon
leaffuefl with the score that evened it stration of real worth and climbing abil
up. Shaw hit for two bases and dames jty. Ten years ago he was
-ingle advanced him to third. Ladd bis law practise in this city after an
threw short to second to coax Shaw oft apprenticeship with Judge Bla .. I'o
third and with nn hour to throw it in day ho aspires to one ol
Martin took a hurried peg at the plate judgeships in Snohomish c unty.
and missed it a city block. Nuff sed! ten years represents a period cri
From then on till the close of the tenth full of unremitting study, conseienti ms
when the game was called by agreement work and laudable ambition. F< ...»
the "Nothing Doing"' sign was out, nl- ago he ran for prosecuting and
though Everett got men to second and was elected. Two yens la I
'.bird with only one down in the tenth, succeed himself and was re-el
It was a case of "to much Schumtz." honor that no other has received in this
Krouse and Ladd dying without a Strug- county since the admission ol
glc.
Singleton's arm has not been right for
tbout a month and those who know the
real condition be was in give him' credit
for a remarkable exhibition. 'Her half
the game he pitched on pure nerve.
Weborg assumed the role of umpire.
I'he crowd didn't take kindly to his de
cisions on balls and strikes and hurled
the words '"robber." '•blind man" ami
other choice epithets at him. The kind
words didn't seem to disturb His Uiajm
much and he bestowed his favors upon
the just and the unjust alike regardless
of the protesting fans.
And so the baseball season of 1912
made its final bow to the public nnd
disappeared behind the curtain. You've
been a good old sport, 1012, and you
gave us a daudy ball team. We'll all
hibernate a little while and then we'll
wake up, yelling, to greet the season of
1913.
The box score goes something like this
—try it on your piano:
Huns—Everett 5, All-Stars 5j hits—
Everett 10, All-Stars 7; error- -Everett
.!. All Stars 7: struck out by Single
ton (>. by BehmUts S; bases on ball
off Singleton 3, off Schmutz I] two-base
hits -Martin, Levin. Shaw: three baSe
hits—Mullen; stolen bases llolderman.
Shaw; time of game -two hours: um
pire Weborg.
Have your summer suit cleaned and
pressed now. American Dye Works.
TRADES COUNCIL
Friday, Ovt. 11.—OmhmU was Oftlled to
Utter at 8 p. m. with President \\ illislon
presiding.
Credentials of Fred K. Overman of the
typographical union and liurus Sherman
of the steam engineers were accepted
and delegates obligated and seated.
A communication from the stationery
engineers stated that the sHffirsSlM bs
twoen that union aud the French L*UH
dry Co. bad l>een amicably settled. By
motion the <'oumil ordere.l the French
Uuindry removed from the Unfair List.
Reports by Unions.
Cigar Makers— by Midi donated
l,aW Day prize money to the Council
treasury.
Engineers One initiation.
Ketail Clerks One initiation; throe
applications.
Teams ton Tire initiations.
Cooks and Waiters—Two initiations.
An parly adjournment was taken owing
to the Council dance scheduled for thai
evening in Coliseum rink.
THE LABOf: JOU.v
Is the official organ of the .
Council, and is read by the la
ing men and women of Everei
NOT ENOUGH
UNIONS SUBSCRIBE HAND
SOMELY FOR STOCK BUT
MORE MONEY IS NEEDED
TO PAY OFF DEBT ON NEW
TEMPLE SITE.
The Labor Temple association is much
encouraged by the quick response of tin;
union-, to the appeal io raise the mort
gage on tin- new building site, I-, urteen
hundred and seventy shares of stock
have been subscribed for, leaving a bal
ance to be raised of $080. The f Mow
ing organizations have pledged them
selves to lake stock: Barbers, 100
shares; carpenter*. 500 shares; el
inns, 170 shares; building laborers, 5
shares; plumbers, 100 -hares; shingle
weavers, 250 shares; teamsters, 100
shares; printers, 100 share s; tailors, 60
shares; Label League, 60 shar -.
That's a splendid showing. 81 veral of
the unions taking stuck were already
heavily invested in tin- association. Still,
about half ol the unions in the citj do
not own a dollar's worth of Btock, There
isn't a better time titan the present to
get in and help a worthy cause. The
association is determined to raise the
full amount necessary to clear the prop
erty, $2,1 UO, by January 5, 1913, when
it falls due. If necessary another ap
peal will be made to the unions already
holding stock to come through with a
little more. That ought not to be neces
sary, however, 'the unions holding no
stock ought to make up the difference.
WHY RALPH C. BELL SHOULD
BE ELECTED JUDGE.
Ralph C. Re! I, prosecuting attorney of
Snohomish county for four years, re
ceived a splendid testimonial in the re
cent primary election. Six well-known
attorneys lined up for the start in the
judgeship contest and when the votes
were counted, 10l Ralph t.'. Bell's name
led all the rest.
with one exception. And yet that isn't
reason enough why he should be elected
to the bench. It often happens through
some freak of politics that unworthy
men are elected and re-elected to posi
tions of trust and responsibility. There
should be deeper reasons advanced in be
half of his candidacy.
We are just beginning to nnd - nd
what an Important part the judiciary
plays in even our moat humdrum affairs.
To a largo extent we are creatures i E
the court. Considering the great pc c
that is being wielded by the judiciarj
of this country it is imperative that we
carefully scrutinize our judicial candi
dates. "Protection to human rights" or
'"the man above the dollar" is the cry
of the day. Will Ralph C. Bell tei
justice with mercy or will he iticl to
property rights, musty precedents, and
all that sort of thing'; The answer, if
it can be found at all, will be found in
bis record as a practising attorney.
Ralph 0. Bell has been just and no
man has the right to ask more than jtt
tice. He never railroaded a nan to the
penitentiary in order to make a record,
lie never favored a client or a man on
trial because he was well to do no.
hounded him because he was poor. He
never encouraged a poor litigant I i go
to law ii his case was made Up ol
but rather discouraged him. If a liti
gant had a just grievance and ' NWS was
a fighting chance to win. he took thai
chance and fought it through lo a finish.
Only those interested "ill ever know
how many appeals to his office have been
met by him and settled without recourse
to the law. We don't mean criminal
cases, but appeals for aid from some
gouged working man or woman.
Kalph C. ltetl believes thai the law
should be enforced Squally on rich and
poor alike but he does not believe that
injustico should masquerade under the
cloak of law.
if the courts of this country Were
made up of men of like belief, there
would be less judge-made law and le-s
indignant outcry against the courts,
Aren't women the weak, defenseless
creatures? A local store had a sale the
other day on some special articles dear
to the feminine heart. The result was
that several hundred of the clinging
vines mobbed the store. Several wo: i
fainted, the police weiv Sailed and the
doors looked while the sidewalk was
blocked with the fair sew Women ire
too weak to be allowed to vote, JOS)
know.
Phone or call to the (*bor .Jonina! for
price* on Job work Sun. 148; Ind. 116
NO. 36.

xml | txt