Newspaper Page Text
The Labor Journal
Entered at the postoM'ice in Everett, Washington, as second class mail matter.
E. P. MARSH- -L — Editor
J. E. CAMPBELL Business Manager
Phones—Sunset 148, Ind. 115
Subscription $1.00 Per Year in Advance. Advertising Rates on Application.
Officers Everett Trades Council.
Wendell L Williston — President
E. A. Francois - Vice President
M. T. Alliman - Secretary
at J. Ednsy Treasurer
Thomas Qoolsy Sergeant at *rmt
UNREST OF LABOR
Scope of the Commission on In
MUST REPORT TO CONGRESS.
Board Authorized to Inquire Into Gen
eral Condition! of Labor In Principal
Industrie* —Sanitation and Safety of
Workers to Be Looked After.
The nine men named to compose the
United States commission on Indus-
trial relations, authorized by an act of
congress approved on Aug. 23, 1912.
Representing the people. Senator
George Sutherland of Utah; George B.
Chnudler. a member of the Connecti
cut legislature; Charles Simon Barrett
of Georgia, president of the Farmers'
Representing capital, Frederick A.
Delano of Chicago, formerly president
of the Wabash railroad; Adolph Lewi
sohn of New York. copper mine owner
and philanthropist; P. C. Schwedtman
of Missouri, an electrical engineer.
Representing labor, Austin B. Gnr
retson of lowa, president of the Order
of Railway Conductors; John B. Leu
non. treasurer of the American Feder
ation of Labor, and James O'Connell
of the District of Columbia, vice pres
ident of the American Federation of
"The commission shall Inquire Into
the general condition of labor in the
principal Industries of the United
States. Including agriculture, and espe
cially in those which are carried on In
corporate forms; Into existing relations
between employers and employees; into
the effect of industrial conditions on
public welfare and into the rights and
powers of the community to deal there
with; into the conditions of sanitation
and safety of employees and the pro
visions for protecting the life, limb and
health of the employees; into the
growth of associations of employers
nnd of wage" earners and the effect of
such associations upon the relations be
tween employers and employees; into
the extent and results of methods of
collective bargaining; Into any methods
which have been tried in any state or
In foreign countries for maintaining
mutually satisfactory relations between
employees and employers; into methods
for avoiding or adjusting labor dis
putes through peaceful and conciliatory
mediation and negotiations; into the
scope, methods and resources of exist
ing bureaus of labor and Into possible
ways of Increasing their usefulness;
Into the question of smuggling or other
Illegal entry of Asiatics Into the Unit
ed States or its Insular possessions and
of the methods by which such Asiatics
have gained and are gaining such ad
The commission Is required to re
port to congress as speedily as possible,
with such recommendations as it may
think proper to prevent such smuggling
and illegal entry.
The commission may report to con
gress from time to time and must make
a final report, accompanied by testi
mony taken not later than Aug. 23,
1915. The service of the commission
will termluate with the filing of the
final report. At least one report Is to
be made during each of the first two
years of Its existence.
The act appropriated $100,000 for the
use of the commission for the fiscal
year endin? June 30, 1013. The com
mlssioners are to receive pay at the
rate of $10 a day
In selecting these men the president
dealt fairly with organized labor and
placed It on an equal footing with oth
er institutions among men. Three of
the commissioners, who were named
as representatives of labor, are well
known, prominent and highly capable
trade unionists, and their appointment
cannot but be highly gratifying to all
the union men of the country. The
union men nominated were Austin B.
Garretson. president of the Order of
Railway Conductors; John B. Lennon,
treasurer of the American Federation
of Labor, ami James O'Connell, third
vice president of the American Fed
eration of Labor.
To Advance the Label,
The last convention of the New York
State Federation of Lal>or, held at
Pouirhkeepsie. passed a resolution au
thorizing the secretary to request cv-
cry central body or local union to se
lect in Its locality a person to be
known as a union label promoter
Upon the appointment of these offl
ciiils a roster is to be compiled and a
ropy submitted to all nationnl or In
ternational unious whicb have labels,
curds or buttons. The duties pre
scribed for these label promoters ure
to visit the different labor unions in
their res|«eetlve localities and use all
means to promote agitation for union
labels, suggesting to the local unions
to Incorporate In their order of busi
ness a i>eriod for the discussion and
advancement of union labels.
Shorter Day In 1850.
Agitation for the eight hour working
day was tiegun by the New York car
penters in Decemlier of 1850, but the
desired result was not accomplished.
Other building trades organizations
were alwo formed and raised the price
of labor for Their members. Tallora
took an Important part in the 1850
movejpent. Xhaaa were em
PUBLISHED EVEKY FRIDAY
Labor Temple, Everett, Wash.
ployed long hours- some as many as
sixteen per day—and their weekly earn
ings were from $4 to $(> They went
on strike. In>lit several mass meetings
in city hull |>ark nnd finally Improved
their condition through associated ef
BIRTH OF A UNION
Brief History of a Model Labor
"RiC SIX" OF NEW YORK.
iTorace Greeley, the First President,
Had Decided Views on Wages—A
Conservative Body of Workers.
A volume of considerable economic
Importance and value has just been is
sued by the New York state depart
ment of labor. Its title is "New York
Typographical Union No. 6—Study of
a Modem Trade Union and Its Prede
cessors." The work Is by George Ab
bott Stevens, senior statistician in the
bureau of labor statistics, who displays
a mastery of his theme from the open
ing to the closing chapter of a produc
tion that fills 608 pages of textual mat
ter. It is a history of all the unions
of New York Journeymen printers
since the Revolutionary epoch and in
cludes much Information bearing upon
the general labor movement. After
tracing the rise and fall of various
printers' organizations in the early
part of the nineteenth century the au
thor tells bow "Big Six" came into
New York Journeymen printers late
in 1849 had many grievances that they
were confident could be adjusted
through united action. Cost of living
had increased. Wages were small and
In the meanwhile a little company of
journeymen convened In the home of
Charles Walter Colburn, a Tribune
compositor, to discuss the question of
forming a union. A meeting was held
on Dec. 22, 1849, at Stoueall's hotel in
Kulton street, when the report of a
plan of organization was submitted by
a committee that had been previously
appointed to consider the subject An
adjournment was taken until Jan. 12,
1850, at whioh time twenty-eight Jour
neymen assembled at Stoueall's adopt
ed the first constitution of the New
York Printers' union and decided that
the organization should date from Jan.
1, 1850. The next meeting was held
on Jan. 19, aud the organization was
completed by the election of a board
of officers for the yearly term, Horace
Greeley being chosen president
Cudue baste In seeking uniform
wage rates and attempting to correct
wrongs that for years bad been Insid
iously creeping Into the printing lndus-
try was not a part of the program of
the New York Printers' union. On the
contrary, conservatism dominated Its
councils. It waited until the first quar
terly meeting, on April 6, 1850, before
considering the many vital questions
that affected all Journeymen in the
city. Then It pursued the safe and
sane method of first instituting a care
ful Inquiry into the state of the trade
In all Its departments, with a view to
reforming such abuses as had encroach
ed upon the rights of both workers and
employers. Seven members who were
well qualified to do the work made the
Desirous of acquainting the whole
trade of these conditions, the union
called a mass meeting of printers, both
union and nonunion, besides employ
ers, and submitted the findings of the
committee. It was a large affair.
President Greeley addressed the as
semblage. He maintained that good
wages were of the first importance to
nil trades. He was opposed to child
labor in printing offices. • • •
"1 believe." said Mr. Greeley, 'It
would be for the advantage of estnb
llsbed Journals and the larger book
printers to advance the rate of wage*
25 per cent Wbat Is the difference to
the employers wbat the rate of waft**
is If It be uniform? The extra money
which they would pay out at maximum
prices would return to them In lhe
form of diminished competition The
Interest of prosperity Is always on the
side of good prices."
As a result of this meetiug a price
scale was adopted, and eventually most
of the employers acceded to It
In large degree Typographical union
No. 0 has promoted the comfort and
happiness of its distressed members
and succored the dependents of those
who have been removed by death.
In 1893 the union established a per
manent unemployment fuud, which
was continued for fourteen years. In
which period it expended the magnifi
cent sum of $520,045 for that noble
purpose. Special out of work benefits
amounting to $9,380 have been paid by
the union on different occasions since
the abolition of the permanent fund in
1907. In which year the pension sys
tern was begun, bringing the whole
sum disbursed In this kind of relief
work up to $530,025
Other benefits for Its members or
their dependents Include a farm proj
•ft. pensions for su|>erannuated mem
bers, hospital beds. Union Printers
borne and sick and mortuary claims
the aggregate expenditures for which
have amounted to $508,008.81 In the
past fifteen years
On the economic side to defend Its
principle* H ha* mm in the same term
of years s:i.".l i;7l s7.
Mr Stevens aim is fifty three yearn
old. did his ti.si statistical work foi
the de|iai imeiii nt labor In MMJ and
since I »er tnili-'i pe<l has been con
tinunnal) Ih Ibe department. Mr. Bte
yens blnisell earned the printing trade
In Troj wftei leaving school and adit
bitcd with the Trey Typographical
Union, He "till holds a card of mem
bership It' "Big Six." In New York city
He is a inembel ot the Sons of the
Revolution and of the Society of the
NOTICE TO FEDERATION
Everett delegates going to the Olym
pia convention should leave here Sun
day morning, January 19, as the con
vention opens the following Monday
morning. Go to the Northern Pacific
city ticket office some time Saturday,
January 18, and buy your ticket one
way from Everett to Olympia, taking
the ticket agent's receipt for the same.
Your ticket will route you over the
Great Northern to Seattle and from
there over the N. P. to Olympia. The
Great Northern train leaving Everett
at 10:02 a. m. puts you in Seattle in
time to catch the 12:10 N. P. or a
later train which leaves at 4:40 p. m.
After the close of the convention upon
presentation of your receipt to the
Olympia ticket agent you can pur
chase your ticket home from Olympia
to Everett for one-third the regular
Who has started the long list
of social advances now being ae
epted everywhereV The union.
Tbe unions do things. Every
Hour of the day they advance
inch by inch and step by step
they have beaten down apposi
tion. They have compelled
judges, clergymen, economists
and educators to revise their
vit ws of our cause and move
The union is the best invest
ment a worker can make. It is
here to stay, and its usefulness
will expand only as fast as our
nonunion fellows join with us.
There is no limit to what we
can do by united action.
UNION MEN IN CONGRESS.
Sixteen Congressmen and One Senator
to Represent Labor.
There will he at least three members
with paid up working curds of the In
ternational Typographical union iv the
next congress as a result of the recent
elections, notwithstanding the regretta
ble defeat or Victor L. Berger of Mil
waukee. Isaac It. Sherwood of Toledo
union and John ft. Farr of Scranton
union were re-elected, and Albert John
son of Aberdeen (Wash.) union is a
new member. Another successful can
didate listed as a member of the typo
graphical union is Edward Keating of
According to unofficial figures, the la
bor group at Washington will consist
of sixteen congressmen and one sena
tor, William Hughes of New Jersey.
In early life he was a textile worker
and still retains his union member
The uulon men In congress are mem
bers of the following trade organiza
tions: Typographical, telegraphers,
structural Ironworkers, coal miners,
hatters, blacksmiths, metal miners,
iron moldera. stenographers, plumbers
and street car men.
Members of organized labor every
where will regret the defeat of W. B.
Wilson of the Seventh fennsylvania
district and for several years secre-
tary-treasurer of the United Mine
Workers. During his two terms In
congress Billy Wilson proved himself
a broad, liberal minded, persistent and
studious legislator, and as chairman of
the committee on labor in his second
term he is said to have accomplished
more than the combined efforts of all
preceding committees on labor In the
lower house.—Typographical Journal.
PROTECTION OF WORKMEN.
Wisconsin's Method of Enforcing Fac
Wisconsin's unique way of enforcing
labor laws was recounted by Profes
sor John R. Commons of the Wisconsin
Industrial commission at Boston at the
sixth annual meeting of the American
Association For Labor Legislation.
"Under the Wisconsin plan of leav
ing details of factory regulation to an
industrial commission," said Professor
Commons, "the highest expert talent
and the best practical shop experience
are brought to the service of the state.
Manufacturers because of the relation
established between the state's com
pensation law and the safety and sani
tation law, finding it to their advan
tage to protect their employees and to
aid in the framing of safety regula
tions, have given their hearty support
to the work of the commission."
Tbree thousand orders covering
points of danger in the factories of
one city, issued and complied with, and
reductions from 40 to 85 per cent In
accidents in various plants, and the
traveling safety exhibit, which is sent
about the state with lectures and ste
reopticnn views, were described Pro
feasor Cam mono concluded, •'The man
ufneturers who formerly appeared In
the legislature to oppose labor legls
lation have given the most splendid co
operation iv assisting to draw np these
rules nnd to itnud for hlirh standard"'
Everett Printeri Who Can Put
the Label on Your Printing.
1 Everett Print Shop
2 Herald Printing Co. J
3 Tribune Printing Co. <
4 F. B. Haweß Printing and]
Stationery Co. »
« Puget Preeo.
7 Kane and Harcus.
8 Commercial Preaa.
Everett Trades Council meets every
Friday night at Labor Temple, at 8
o'clock. W. L. Williston, Pres.; M.
T. Alliman, Secy. Phone Ind. 196 X.
Everett Building Trades Council meets
every Friday night at Labor Temple
every Friday at Labor Temple at 8
p. m. President, Geo. Morton; Fin.
Secy., Fred Cuffin, Phone Sunset
1028. Business Agent, C- W. Knapp,
2624 Oakes, Phone Ind. 456 Y.
Lathers' Local 77, L. I. D.; meets every
Saturday at 8 p. m., at Labor Tsmpls,
in Hall No. 4. Fred Michel, Secretary.
Phone Ind. G3O.
Stationery Engineers' Union meets
every 2d and 4th Wednesday in Hall
No. 5. John Hartman, Secy.; Frank
Typographical Union No. 410 meets on
the last Monday in each month at 5
p. m. Wendell Willistan, President.
Grant McNeely, Secretary.
Bridge & Structural Iron Workers' Union
meets every Ist and 3rd Saturday in
Hall No. 6. President Ed. Nelson;
Secretary, A. a Bailiff, 1823 Wet
Cooks, Waiters and Waitresses Union
meets first and third Mondays at 8
p. m. Blanche Hendrix, Pres. Harvey
Thompson, Weiscr's Grill, Secy.
Machinist*' Union No. 180 meets the 2d
and 4th Wednesday at 8 p. m. In Hall
No. 3. President, 0. A. Kistine. Sec
retary, Bert E. Tyler, 1816 Rainier.
Tailors Unior, No. 33S meets the Ist
Tuesday of each month at 8 p. m., in
Hall No. 6. Pres., C. Christianson;
Fin. Sec, Peter Nesje.
Brotherhood of Teamsters—Meets every
Tuesday at 8 p. m. Robert Loveall,
President. Thos. Gooley, Secretary.
Painters' Union No. 339 meets Tues
days at 8 p. m. in Hall No. 3. Geo.
Downing, Pres.; F. E. Merrifield, Sec.,
International Longshoremen's Union—
Meets every Tuesday evening in
Longshoremen's Hall, R. R. Are. P.
Martin, Pres.; John Lyons, See. P. O.
Brewery Workers' Union, Breach 4—
Meets the 4th Sunday of each month
at 8 p. m. in Hall No. 4. President,
Max Billig. 2923% Fulton. Secretary,
Journeymen Barbers Union No. 446
meets 3d Thursday at 8 p. m., in
Hall No. 5. Wm. Skinner, Pres.;
W. O. McAllister, Secy. Phone Ind.
Building Laborers —Meets every Mondaj
night, 8 p m., Hall No. 3. Pres. A.
Holmberg; Secy, P. A. Peterson,
Brotherhood of Railway Carmen meets
second and fourth Thursday in Hail
No. 5 at 8 p. m.
Ladies' Auxiliary of the Machinists
rnseis every Ist and Ira Fridays at
2:30 p. m. in Hall No. 2. President,
Mrs. E. J. Allen, 1927 Oakes; Secy,
Mrs. B. E. Tyler, 1822 Rainier.
Pressmen's Union meets the first Wed
nesday in each month at 8 p. m. in
Hall No. 5. Thos. McKern, Pres.; J.
Riitine, Secy., 1513 Wetmore.
Machinists' Helpers—Meets second
and fourth Monday in Hall No. 3.
Cigarmakers' Union No. 498 meets the
2d Thursday of each month in Hall
No. 4. Archie Thompson, Pres.;
Jos. Stchida, Secy., 2808 1-2 Oakes.
Sheet Metal Workers' Union meets every
2d and 4th Monday at 8 p. ra. in Hall
No. 3. President C. H. Clifton, 2020
Summit; Secretary, A. H. Carpenter,
Bricklayers' & Masons' Union No. 10
meets every Wednesday at 8 p. m.
in Hall No. 4. Secretary, W. F. Me
lang, 2611 Baker.
Plumbers and Steam Fitters' Union —
Meets every Monday at 7:30 p. m. in
Hal INo. 5. R. Van Dyke, Pres. John
Watson, Secy., 2518 Bakers, phone Ind
Shingle Weavers' Union No. 2 meets
every Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock
in Hall No. 1. C. J. Folsom, Pres.;
M. C. Engels, Rec. Secy., 2813 Pa
cific; E. P. Marsh, Fin. Secy., Labor
Federation of R. R. Shopmen meets the
4th Tuesday of each month in Hall
No. 5 at 8 p. m.
Carpenters' Union No. 502 —Meets
every Thursday evening in Hall No.
2, at 7:30. J. A. Rose, Pres.; A. R.
Stauffer, Secy. Phone Ind. 318 Y.
Gas Workers' Union meets every Wed
nesday in Hall No. 3 at 8 p. m. Ed.
Cosgrave, Pres. Wm. W. Gross, Secy.,
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen-
Meets every first and third Sundays
in G. A. R. hall. W, D. Van Winkle,
Musicians' Union No. 184, A. F. of M.,
meets second Sunday of each month at
3:30 p. m., In Room 16, Clark block.
J. M. Norland. Prea.; F. C. Wagner
Secy., phone Ind. 463 X.
Women's Union Label League meets
every Monday night at 8 o'clock.
Mrs. J. A. BuTcnam, Pres. Miss
Frances Eidem, Fin. Secy.
International Alliance of Theatrical
Stage Employes, Local No. 180—
Meets first and third Sundays at
10:30 a. m. President, Chas. Gold
thorpe. Rose Theater; secretary,
Bert Webster, 3830 Hoyt.
Electrical Workers* Union No. 191—
Meets every Thursday evening at 8
o'clock In Hall No. 6. President,
R. J. dinger; Fin. Secy., J. M.
Gibbs, Sun. 1412.
Laundry Drivers' meet the 2nd Tues
day in each month in Hall No. 6. T. C.
Hall, Pres. H. S. Enger, Secy.
Interatlonal Brotherhood of Black-
smiths and Helpers' Local Union,
No. 428—Meets the 3d Tuesday of
each month in Hall No. 6, at 8 p. m.
President, Thos. Precious, 2212
Rockefeller; secretary, Edgar Suth
erland, 1306 E. Grand.
Plasterers' Union No. 100 maets erery
Tuesday at 8 p. m. in Hall No. 4.
President, David Watt. Secretary, K>
r. Davison. Phone Sun. 2244, lad.
Published by order of the Everett
Electric Companies—Snoqualmie Light
Postal Telegraph Company.
Barber Shops — Independent, 1207
Hewitt; Wm. Whittaker, Lowell; I. H.
Turner, 1104 Hewitt; Mitchell hotel
Iron Works —Summer Iron works.
Bayside Iron works, Everett Iron
Hotels and Cafes—Mitchell hotel;
Bottling Works—Van Valey Bottling
works; Everett Bottling works.
Plumbers—C. R. Schweitzer.
Electricians—R. P. Bush, F. R. Hare.
Bricklayers —Barney Grant.
American Pile Driving Co.
Carpenters—Piatt, Paddock, A. Dena
mur, Fred Tubbs.
Plasterers—A. C. Wright, A. L. Knapp,
Booth, Wm. Carter, Chas. Hotten.
Contractors—P. Sampson, J. Winter
mute, Larson Bros.
Painters—Anderson & Steen, William
Ferguson, Wm. Christenson, M. Kokeen,
Warehuose—Foot of California street.
Cement Workers—Pettit, Sr.
Teamsters—C. J. Witt
There will be a meeting of Everett
bartenders in the Labor Temple Sun
day afternoon, January 6, at 1 o'clock.
All bartenders in the city are re
quested to attend.
E. E. WEBER, Proprietor
2903 Hewitt Avenne—Riverside
CONSULT US ABOUT YOUR EYE
We don't prescribe glasses unless you
need them. We make our own glasses
and sell them at moderate cost, and
EVERETT OPTICAL CO.
281 a Colby Aye. Everett, Wash.
SOUTH PARK GROCERY
Staple and Fancy Grooeria*
Grain and Produce
We carry a complete line of
chicken feed as well as a full
line of groceries.
41ft and Colby
San. aioo, Ind. 301 X
JOHN F. JERREAD
AMD EM BALM Eft
293$ Broadway Phone M. 130
BAY AND NIGHT SfItVICE
J. L. MORROW
Cleaning and Pressing
aßll Hewitt Aye., Everett
Myron M. Deiwert
STAPLE AND FANCY
Prompt delivery to any
part of the city.
Cor. Rockefeller Aye. and
S. D. CLARKE
Argall * Clark*
WALL P*PER, PAIKTS AND
Faperkaaria g. Painting, Kalao-
Estimates Furnished—All Wok
Phones —M. BIS, lad. SO9Z
Res. Phone 1208
We Carry a Line of Union Label
N. B. CHAI.LAOOMBX
FUNERAL DIRECTOR AND
LICBNBRD EMBALM BK
Telephone Mala MB
2818 Rockefeller Aye. E\ r.tt
PATHE'S WEEKLY PICTURES
Every Moaiay aai Tuesday
We Carry a Carry a Good
Line of Union Made Shoes
SHOE REPAIRING A SPECIALTY
MEN'S, LADLES' AND CHILDREN'S
A UNION HOUSE FROM TOP TO BOTTOM .
Everett Shoe Mfg. Co.
JOHN GOLDTHORP, Mgr.
3003 Hewitt Avenue
Grand Ridge Coal
WASHED NUT AND LUMP
MILL AND SLAB WOOD
Brackebush, Wright & Shaw, Incorporated
Both Phones 831
We Give 8. & H. Green Trading Stamp*
Pastime Pool Parlor
in its new quarters. Most up-to-date place in the state. Twenty first
class tables. Good order. Good music. Everybody invited to see the
ROBINSON & DRIESSLEIN, Props.
Don Rcnato 15c Commercial 10c
The Everett 5c
Union Made in Everett by P. D. Sartor
SARTOR'S CORNER, Rockefeller and Hewitt
Factory 2923 Rockefeller Fones: S. S. 1085, Ind. 165 X
CANYON WOOD CO.
DRY MILL AND SLAB WOOD
PLANER ENDS A T
TIMBER ENDS f .1 1/\ I m
Slabs and Mill Wood ■ m - B - /
Have Your Letterheads, Bill
Heads, Etc. printed on paper
bearing the Papermakers
Label. Only obtainable at
Everett Print Shop
PhonesOO 2912 Rockefeller
Subscribe for the Journal
Fill out this blank accompanied with $1.00
for one years subscribtion to The Labor Journal
Street and No.
AY V-/kJ J-/ "Everett's Live Wire"
High Class Vaudeville
Complete Change of Program
Wednesday and Sunday
Matinee Daily 2:30. Evenlnga 7:15 and 8:00
A fl.oo SHOW FOR 15c AND 25c
Friday, January 17, 1913.