Newspaper Page Text
Friday, January :n. 1913,
Morning at 9
We shall place on sale 4,r>lll> yards of silk, in new
spring styles and colors. The average width of these
Silks is 24 inches. Tliey should sell for upwards
The Price on Monday at 9:00 A. M. will be
The Grand Leader
[.Will Welcome a Case of
It's iv the quiet of your home
that you will appreciate its excellence. lis fla
vor is mild and delicious. Its brewed of the "
choicest materials, lis purity is absolutely
ewmt Brewing & .™,T
NORTHERN TRANSFER CO.
Office and Storage Warehouse Across from Great Northern Freight Depot
Sunset 191, Ind. 292
(Continued from Page One.)
and cents. Most of this is prevent-j
able through proper sanitation, safety
devices and a higher degree of nour
ishment. The greatest loss to our
workmen through disease, is due to
consumption—"the great white
plague"—a disease that readily yealds'
to proper housing, proper sanitation
and proper nourishment. The instal
lation of blowers and other appliances
for doing away with dust aud fumes
in all industries that are subject to
theso life destroying agencies, would
be a splendid and humane begining.
A little money expended in installing
various safety devices as a protection
against dangerous machinery, would
save hundreds of times the cost in
preventing innumerable accidonts.
A few industries that fall under close
regulation of laws made by well or
ganized crafts of labor are so free
from accidents that it appears reason
able that the same thing could be
Ladies' Dress Skirts
Ladies' &Children's Coats
ALL TO BE CLOSED OUT AT EXACTLY
BARRON FURNITURE CO.
Furniture, Dry Goods, Carpets, China
r I he Entire
I made possible of all other industries
|if our legislators can only see their
I way clear to give us this much needed
' legislation. We will submit several
' bills along this line for their consider
Education and Vocational Training.
"We are deeply interested in en
larging all facilities iv this state for
the advancement of public education.
Labor has always taken a great pride
in our public school system, and away
back in the early days of the republic
it was the labor unions of New York,
Philadelphia and Boston, that led the
agitation for the establishment of free
public schools through general taxa
tion. The public school lias done
wonders for the common people In
preparing them for the duties of our
present high standards of citizenship.
We want the means of popular eau
cation extended and Improved niong
every line of giving the people bet
ter preparation for their life work.
With this end in view we are asking
that our schools be extended into the
field of vocational training along lines
2813-15-17-19 COLBY AYE.
of practical usefulness. We want to
build stron;; and solid.
Employment Agency Evil.
"Needy worUingmen have long been
the peculiar prey of a class of un
scrupulous employment agents, who
acting in collusion with an equally
unscrupulous class of employers, have
fleeced these men out of a vast
amount of their hard-earned money,
and brought the business into general
disrepute. It seems the only way to
remedy this evil if to make It unlaw
ful for these agencies to charge the
i workers a fee, or else establish a sys
tem of free employment agencies
throughout the slate in such a way as
to practically put. Ibe private employ
i moot agencies out of business. We
nre having bills drafted along these
j lines and hope to get favorable action
from the legislature.
"Workingman's Compensation Act.
"Everybody, it seems, concedes that
there are many Improvement! desired
in the state workingmen's compensa
• tlon act. As a now principle in our
■• state government, it has worked a
[wonderful improvement, and with the
experience gained from the firs', year
of its operation, labor is gratified
to learn that there is such a general
desire to improve the act through
such measures as ihe first aid clause
and a general readjustment and ad
i vance In the compensation to be paid
the injured. When wo see such a
general desire on the part of the peo
ple to do their full social duty along
these lines, It makes us feel that this
| old world of ours is not such a bad
| place after all. Out of sueTi an out
! look comes vast improvements in ev
ery phase of life; if is the thing that
gives the race an upward look, gives
us the growth and development that
shall one day make this old earth a
fit abiding place lor really good men
"Pensions for widowed mothers to
enable them to bring up their chil
dren under proper home Influences,
is another proposed piece of legisla
tion, having the active support of or
ganised labor. Waving all other bene
fits and advantages that might accrue
from this measure, that of economy
alone should suffice, for in some man
ner these mothers and their children
will be a burden upon society, if not
a real danger through the demoraliz-
I ing influence of abject poverty and ig
I norance that is sure to be theirs in a
1 greater or less degree if they are to
|be left without protection and assist
ance. Even institutional care for the
children would be a large expense
compared to the modest pension that
would suffice to enable the mother
to get along comfortably and keep her
little ones under her own protection
and enfluence where the tendency
would be for them to grow into good
and worthy citizens of the state.
"Not least among our demands will
be the effort to have a law enacted
that will give the cities, and other po
litical subdivisions of the state, a right
to establish minimum wage scales for
labor on all public works. Proper
legislation to carry into effect and
practical operation the initiative, ref
erendum and recall amendment to the
state constitution will also engage
REEP GROCERY CO.
Fancy and Staple Groceries,
Flour and Feed
1012 Hewitt Avenue
Phones: S. S. 197, Ind. 437
Photos Are Best
2809 Wetmore Aye.
Butter and Cheese for Less
S. & 11. Green Tiading Stamps
Everett's Largest Drug Store
CITY DRUG STORE
1010 Hewitt Aye.
Try Our Salted Peanuts and
If You Must Take
Get it at
WILL PLEASE YOU
IMPERIAL TEA CO. j
1407 Hewitt —Both Phooet * |
THE LABOR JOURNAL
Girls Get a Cent an Hour.
An an pleasant sensation has been
caused by the report of tbe committee
which recently Investigated conditions
in tbe linen nnd clothing trades In Bel
fast, Ireland, it has been shown em
ployees were paid less than n cent nn
hour Tbe revelations would be utter
ly unbelievable were il not for the fact
that they bear the warrant of ■ parlia
mentary report. Among the 8.400 out
workers whose ensos were Rone thor
oughly iiiio 140 earned the lucrative
pay of 1 cent nn hour, tifly earned be
tween 1 nnd 2 cents an hour, and only
one worker made between 5 nnd •>
cents nn hour. The oibers were all
;iald less than 1 cent.
For Home Industry.
The bollermakers' unions of San
i-'r.-mcisco nre about to launch a cam
paign in Itehnlf of the local manufac
turers of bMpers. ((Ulcers of the union
clllttn Unit only ". per cent of the boil
ers In use lii San Francisco are the
pro 'm i of home Industry, the other 07
per cent Itelng imported from the c;st
The American Federation of Musi
cians lias at present n cash balance of
$80,000 In its treasury nnd 588 locals
en Ihi roster, all In good standing,
At ii mass meeting of tbe Boston
Street Car Men's union Ii was announc
ed thai the conductors and motormen
nre now In tho union almost to a man.
Sim c the Brotherhood Carpenters of
t'leveln-nd decided on May 15 to refuse
to work with nonunion men In their
own trade their membership has la
sreaaed R0 per cent.
Union Label Butter.
it Is reported thnt In Great Fails.
Mont., S local dairy has been unionized
nnd thai the American Federation of
Labor union label is now used upon all
butter produced at this dairy. This is
siiid to be the first instance of Ibis
kind In the country, but It is not the
novelty of the thing that is Important
ho much as the necessity that tbe union
people of that city slniil demonstrate
the sincerity of their unionism by pat
ronizing the union label butter that is
made by members of organised labor
Plan Mapped Out by American Tele
phone und Telegraph Company.
According to n recent announcement,
110,000.000 has been appropriated to
provide pensions, sick benefits and life
insurance lor the 175,000 employees of
the Bell system and associated inter
The fund of $10,000,000 will be main
tained by annual appropriations en the
part of the Ainerlcau Telephone and
relegrapb company iiml associated
companies, the Western Union Tele
graph company nnd the Western Elec
None of tbe employees Is expected to
contribute any portion of this sum.
which Is entirely nt the expense of the
various companies Interested, it is
stated tbat the application of these
varied benefits will be strictly demo
cratic, for tbe benefit of employees of
every rank, providing for free change
of employment from one company to
another, with full credit for combined
terms of service. The total yearly pay
for this army of employees amounts
to $116,000,000, more than $80,000,000
being paid out in wages by the Bell
telephone system alone.
It Is provided that male employees
who have reached the age of sixty
years nnd who have been twenty ye irs
or more In service may retire on pen
sions. although they may be retired
nt the option of the company when
they are fifty-five years old ami have
been twenty-live years or more in the
service. The pension age of women
is in eAch case live years younger than
thnt of men.
The ninount of the pension is based
automatically on years of service and
amount! of pay and will be l per cenl
of the average annual pay for ten
years, multiplied by the number of
years of service, in this manner a
man who bad been thirty years in the
employ of any of the companies would
tret 80 per cent of the average salary
which he had been receiving during
his lust ten years of service. No pen
■ton is to be less than $80 a month.
In the case of accidents due to the
performance of work for the company
tlie employee is to receive for total
disability full pay for thirteen weeks
and half pay for the remaining period
of disability up to six years Em
ployees who are disabled by illness or
accident outside of rogulnr duty after
being iv service for ten years or more
nre to receive full pay for thirteen
weeks and half pay for thirty-nine
weeks. If nny stajte statutes provide
for more liberal compensation than Is
given by the benefit scheme the statu
tory provision will prevail.
Administration nf (he funds will be
In Ibe hands of employees" benefit > "in
mittoos of the to i>e appointed by the
hoard of directors of each company.
Economy of the Short Work Day.
Men who work long hours-for exam
pie. tkOM who toil twelve hours at a
stretch, seven de/S In the week
should be Interested in the assertion of
Dr. Collis of the lliitlsh home otlice
that the trade unionist is, from an eco
nomic petal of view, too prodigal of
his labor, ■peeking «.t a recent con
ference under the auspices of Ibe Brit
ish Institute of Hygiene, when "The
Health of the Factory Worker" was
considered, Dr. Collis said thai the ex
perience of some big employers of la
tier had taught them tha> to secure full
economic value the working week
should not exceed forty-two hours. Ex
plaining his meaning. Dr. Collis said
there was an economic value to every
hour a person worked nnd that value
dec-Teased in proportion lo the hour*
ibe manufacturer threw a belliger
• Arrest em.'* he said. "If J had my
way I'd arrest every blighted labor ag
itator In the t'nlted States."
A gaunt figure with a skull In plnce
of the head rose exultantly.
"Then arrest me." It cackleO. on|>or
ing. "I nm the original stirrer up of
th.isc who do hard labor. lam the an
• lent breeder of discontent, the rather
of anarchists, the agitator of agitators.
BABIES MADE TO WORK.
Children Only Four Years of Age Em- ;
ployed 'n Canneries.
Condition! trader which children
• work in certain canneries ot New York |
I state, as observed Ity a college woman
, employed as special Investigator, were
told at a recent session of the state
'factory Investigating commission in its
'consideration of proposed legislation
designed to improve labor conditions in
the tanning industry.
.Miss Mary Elizabeth Chamberlain of
Vassar, iimv.i, who had secured work
in several canneries, stated that chil
dren ranging In age from four years up
bad been employed In "snipping"
beans, basking corn or sorting pens
and beans, and that daring the busy
season "the youngsters worked regu
larly from -I a, in. until 10 p. m. and
sometimes until midnight." she snid
the spectacle of "these little human
machines, some of them with their lin
gers wrapped in bandages, the result
of having them split in their work, was
ns sihl ns it was shocking." She con
"Tbe people of the state would Indeed
;be appalled if they ■ ere to see these
children on cool mornings, shivering In
blaukets, at work, scarcely awake.
Some of the little ones' would fall j
asleep: others would cry and want to
stop work, but I have seen them
whacked by their parents and compel
led to stay nt (heir tusks."
Miss Chamberlain said these parents
were not Americans, the American
mothers being more considerate of
their offspring. She rein led bow one
little fellow told her be had been pull
ed out of bed nt I! o'clock In the morn
ing after having been up until Hi the
"The boy earned 51.40 for working
from 4 n. in. until 11 p. in.." Miss
Chamberlain added, "and tbe next;
morning ho tearfully declarer), 'Hon
est, Miss Chamberlain, it didn't seem
ns if 1 was In bed a minute.' "
Miss Chamberlain told Ibe commis
sion Hint the owner of one cannery In
sisted children were not employed as
early as 4 a. m., but she bad awaken
ed lv her hotel at 3 o'clock one morn
ing and "discovered a parade of moth
ers and children and baby carriages
making for the cannery and, following
the procession, found her conclusions
The witness testified that on ono oc
casion last year, when world reached
the canneries of a visit by the Investi
gating Commission, "the bosses hurried
the 'kids' out of the plants."
Wage Increases In Great Britain.
Wage raises Inking effect in Septem
ber, according to tbe board of trade
nnd Labor Gazette, London, England,
amounted to $77,o<ki. affecting 200.000
working people. The most important
advances affected 20,000 carpenters nnd
joiners in London. 3.050 mechanics,
etc.. Nt coal mini's in Northumberland, i
5,500 coal miners In tbe Forest of Dean I
nnd 100,000 In South Wales mid Mou- j
mouth. 3,000 iron pnddlers aud mill
men iv the west of Bcotland. lt.ooo en
gineers in Leeds and district. 5,000 la
borers In the engineering works nt
Sheffield nnd s.iit.o ring spinuers iv
JUSTICE AND FAIR PLAY.
Trade Unions Expcctir.j Equity f.'un
Do Equity to Employers.
In a reoeul issue tbe Typographical
Journal, official organ of the interna
tioiinl Typographical union, baa the
following to say:
Is it such a Strange and rare occur
re nee for a trade union to take a cor
rect position—a position for justice
uml fair play—that it then subjects
itself to criticism and misrepresents
tion on the part of other trade Jnlons
and their representatives?
Striving for decent treatment, IN
we not prepared to BCCOffJ decent
When n sister union is so unfurlu
gate as to emulate the tactics of thai
class of employers against whom we
are aligned, must sister unions indorse
such a position simply because a trade
union has taken it? • * *
So far as the International Typo
graphical union is coueerned. It ex
pects fair treatment for lis members
from employers, end it is prepared to
accord that kind of treatment to these
After our local unions enter into con
tracts these contracts will be respected
The policy of the International Typo
graphical union has been to demand
Justice and to accord justice, and on
that policy the organization's prestige
and greatness rest.
Even though we may be temporarily
misunderstood, maligned and misrepre
sented, we will continue to maintain
We will not be n party to the acts
and tha schemes of those labor repre
sentatives who are actuated by politl
eel motives of the meauest type or
who have grievances to satisfy and
who are willing to sacrifice their
unions and members if their personal
desires may thus be satisfied.
It ts time for plain sneaking.
Organized labor Is suffering today
because of recklessness and criminal'
Ity of some of Its former lenders.
The moment Is here when organized
Inbor must set Its face sternly against
wrongdoing, hypocrisy aud deception.
If we protest against nn employer's
black list, then we should as strongly
protest against a union's black list.
Two wrongs do not make a right In
I the trnde union movement any more
than In any other movement
Nature Study Contests.
A recent Innovation In programs la
proving botb Interesting and profitable
In one Illinois county. One grange
' Una a coutest at each meeting along
MM Hue of nature study. In ons a
selection of pictures of birds In colors
was shown and every one Invited to
make a list of the names It was sur
prising how few people could name all
of even the most common ones. An
other contest was to name the different
kinds of wood from samples and point
nut the tree leaves that belong with
them Later wild flower plates will he
shown and both beneficial and Inju
rious Insects All this Is making
; grange meetings Interesting, nnd much
benefit must also be derived from such
We Invite You to Inspect
O x ur Elegant Banking Quarters
ll'' you have not yet visited our banking quarters, you are
invited to do so now. Our officers will be pleased to
show you about the bank and through our big St i
and concrete vaults.
Your Financial Home for 1913 is a matter we would
also appreciate discussing with you.
CAPITAL AND SURPLUS, $125,000.00
CITIZENS BANK & TRUST COMPANY
Bank For All The Peopie
HEWITT AT WETMORE
We have on hand a large supply of
Prompt Delivery and Attractive Prices
Ferry-Baker Lumber Co.
Sunset 836, 887—PHONES—Independent 88
Everett Trust & Savings Bank
L ; mler the Same Management as the First National Bank
Wm. C. Butler, Pres.
F. W. Brooks, Cashier
Fresh and Salt Meats, Hams,
Bacon, Lard and White
All Our Products Are United States Government Inspected
2818 Colby Aye. Both Phones 21
UNION PLUMBING AND HEAT
R. M. Westovar.
H. C. Brown.
B. M. Richards
J. H. Baillia.
F. W. Dailey.
A. P. Baasett.
ThoiifisoD Plumbing A Heating (V>.
i 8 in. Slabs
An account may be
opened with this bank
with a deposit of one
dollar or more on any
Wholesale and Retail Dealers
4 Per Cent
Robt. Moody, Vhe-Pres.
J. W. Clark, Asst. Cashier
i he Wonder
Will occupy the store tin Mine
from January 1, 1913, at tho cor
ner of Hoyt ami Hewitt Ayes,
Merchants Hotel building, with
a new line of Men's Clothing,
Hoots and Shoes.
S. YEO & 80N, Prop.