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The Washington Socialist
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"The Cause Combated For Is Yours, The Efforts To Win It Ought Therefore To Be Yours."
Masters See Defeat Ahead
For Their Candidates
OWNING CLASS ON THE RUN !
PROBABILITY OF SOCIALIST
Capitalist Minded Candidates to Be
Reduced From Twenty to
"Citizens" League" Formed to Oppose
Working-Class Administration of
City 1* Affairs.
[Tin1 "news" below is quoted ver
batim from the Morning Tribune, iir
order that our readers may see for
themselves that the capitalist class of
Kvorett is fully aware of the fact that
the Socialist candidates, Frans Bo*>
trom (for commissioner of finance!.
and J, M. Salter (for commissioner of
public works), are due to win not only
in the primary election, July 28th, but
in the final show-down two weeks
later. The people Of Everett are more
than weary of corporation-control of
the city, and they realize that the only
way that they can be sure of electing
commissioners who will be beyond the
influence of "big business" and the.,
graft of the contract system on public
works, is to elect Socialist statesmen
to office. No workingman with a
grain of intelligence will vote for tools
of the master class when he can vote
for representatives—agents—of his
own class, the workers. And the capi
talists know this, as witness the fol
lowing extract. —The Editor.]
Citizens' League Has Plan to Elim
inate Sixteen of the
WOULD HAVE MEETING OF
REPRESENTATIVES OF MEN
Conference Would by Elimination
Chose Two Men to Beat
And now after a long period of
watchful waiting, during which 22
candidates filed for the office of com
missioners of public works and fin
ance, a plan has been adopted to put
an end to the threatened political war
fare. This is to be in the shape of a
mediation conference of far greater
importance, locally, than the one re
cently held at Niagara Falls.
The purpose is to determine who
shall constitute the governing body of
Everett; the mediators will consist of
delegates chosen by the candidates
now in the field, with the exception of
those whom the sponsors of the con
ference refuse to recognize; and the
slogan will be "Thompson and Christ
enson must go."
To Hold Conference
This conclusion was reached last
night at a meeting of the Everett Citi
' sens' league in the Clark building.
According to the plans, 18 of the 22
candidates will each select two dele
gates to the conference and these dele
gates will be empowered to eliminate
all candidates but two, one for com
missioner of finance and one for com
missioner of public works. The way
in which this will be done, declare
those behind the move, will be for
the delegates to get together and cast
ballots until all but two of the candi
dates receive a majority, when the
rest will be declared eliminated.
Four Are Excluded.
Of the four candidates who will
not be allowed to take part in the
conference, Thompson and Christen
son are barred because they are
usurpers, according to the Citizens'
; league, in that they have been recall-
I ed and no longer have a right to the
The other two candidates are the
I avowed nominees of the socialist
party, J. M. Salter and Frans Bostrom,
these men the mediators consider as
mere revolutionists not to be consid
ered under any circumstances.
Embargo Is Special.
The other 18, the constitutionists
as it were, are openly favored by the
Citizens' league and the mediators
will be allowed to consider no others
but them, and during the progress of
the mediation meet they will be al
lowed to receive such political muni
tions as they see fit.
The plan of the citizens' leagui
was adopted unanimously last night
and also endorsed by two candidates
present. It is stated also that sev
eral other candidates have been ap
WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE! YOU HAVE NOTHING TO LOSE BUT YOUR CHAINS. YOU HAVE A WORLD TO WIN
RAILWAYS PUT ONE OVER
MAIL PAY BILL CONTAINS JOKER
Our Washington Letter
Washington, D. C, June. 18, 1914.
A Joker In the railway mall pay
bill which would result In bringing
the federal troops to break every rail
way strike has just been,discovered.
This bill is pending before both dii«
house and senate ami may pass at
This session. The two bills differ In
the amount of graft that they hand
over to the carriers, but they agree
in the grand principle that working
men must not be allowed to strike
Here is the joker as it appears in
the Moon bill, reported to the house
a few days ago:
The postmaster general shall
In all cases decide upon what
trains and in what manner the
mails shall be conveyed. Every
railroad company carrying the
mails shall carry on any train it
operates and with due speed all
mallable matter, equipment, and
supplies directed to be carried
thereon. If such railroad com
pany shall fail or refuse to trans
port the mails, equipment, and
supplies when required by the '
postmaster general, on any train J
or trains it operates, such com- j <
pany shall be fined such reason- j ,
able amount as may, in the discre- | *
tion of the postmaster general, be <
deemed proper." <
By enacting a federal statute that J
"any train" shall carry mail if so ]
ordered by the postmaster general, <
: the power is Invested in that official 1
to put a mail bag on any and every j
Ua.'n. operated by a railroad company
, under contract to carry the mails.
This means that if the Washington '
government so desired It could put
i mail on every trolley car. In times of!
i a threatened or actual strike on a'
! railroad or on a street car system,
which would undoubtedly come under;
.the definition of a "railway company"
| the federal government could hurry
| its troops to the scene of action with!
( the usual disastrous effects.
' WHERE WE COME IN
; In Franpe there are 346 savings de
• positors to each thousand of popula-;
tion, while in "poverty-stricken" Italy j
. there are 320 depositors in banks for t
| each thousand of the population. In'
"fabulously wealthy" United States
I there are only 99 savings depositors
j per thousand. ■ j
'< proached and have agreed to take
part in the mediation proceedings. A
committee consisting of S. K. Painter,
C. A. Radke and J. C. Taylor was j
named to interview the 18 candidates ]
and have them each appoint their two j
delegates immediately. The commit-j
tee will give its first report at a meet-1
ing to be held in the Clark building
j next Monday evening.
I Just how the non-recognized candi
' dates will take the proceedings Is not ■
', known, but it was stated last night.
j that, they would refuse to salute the
flag of the Citizens' league and would j
..probably enter into negotiations with
I each' other to block the. plans of the i
The league maintains that media-'
[ tion is the only solution of the prob- ;
1 lem now confronting the city and
hopes to see it work out successfully, j
but if on the other hand it fails, it'
' means that the city will be plunged
■ Unto a political warfare that will not |
'end until the citizens arm themselves
! I with ballots and meet in a decisive
: battle at the polls on July 28, and in
, this way select the candidates for the
1 ' final election to be held ten days
THE CLASS STRUGGLE
.' In their frantic efforts to keep the
1 1 representatives of the working class
! ' of Everett "in their places," as wage
f slaves of the owning-class, we see an
-! evidence of the world-wide class ■
. i struggle, upon which the Socialist,
j movement is founded. "Mere revolu
> tionists are not to be considered under
t any circumstances," this is their way
3 of saying that capitalist class rule
■ must continue, even in municipal gov
EVERETT, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, JULY t!. mil.
Capitalism! What It Brings The Workers
See yonder poor, o'erlabnred wight
So abject, mean and vile,
Who bag! a brother of the earth
To give him leave to toll.
The Declaration of Independence
Brought Down To Date.
MODERNIZED BY MAYNARD SHIPLEY
ADOPTED BY THE SOCIALISTS OF EVERETT IN MASS MEETING ASSEMBLED, SUN
DAY, JUNE 28, 1914.
When in the coarse of human events, it becomes necessary for one class to dissolve the po
litical bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the
earth the separate and superior function to which the laws of economic development entitle
them, a decent respect for the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the
causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident : That all men are created with divergent capaci
ties; that they are all endowed by nature with certain needs; thai among these are life, liberty,
and the attainment of happiness; that to secure these fundamental desires, governments may
rightly be instituted among men, deriving their jusl powers from the consent of the governed ;
that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends it is the duty of the
majority concerned to alter or abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its found
ation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most
likely to effect their common safety and happiness. Prudence indeed, will dictate that gov
ernments long established shall not !>e allowed to outlive their usefulness, though all experi
ence hath shown thai mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to
righi themselves l>y abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. Jint when a long
train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, the exploitation of the
workers, evinces a design to crush them under an absolute industrial despotism, it is their
duty, to overthrow such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
Such has been the patient suffering of the American wage-slaves; but now aecessiitfy con
strains them to alter or abolish the bourgeois system of government and exploitation. The his
tory of the present ruling class is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having for
direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over those who produce the wealth of
the world. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.
The owning class has refused its assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for
the public good.
The masters have forbidden their governors and legislators to pass laws of immediate and
pressing importance, unless suspended in theoperation till their supreme court shall have de
clared them unconstitutional; and when not legally suspended or abrogated they have been
complacently ignored by those in authority, who have utterly neglected to attend to them.
They have refused to allow to be passed other laws for the accommodation of large num
bers of workers, unless such laws still left the trading class in full ownership of the means
whereby the working-class must live—a concession of no benefit to them and of use to graft
The masters have called together their legislative bodies at convenient places, entirely
comfortable, and not too distant from Wall Street, the real seat of government, for the sole
purpose <►!' enacting laws in support of their own economic needs, regardless of the wellfare
of the workers.
They have declared laws unconstitutional repeatedly which Opposed firmly invasions on
the rights of the working class. m
They have refused for a long time after their annulment to allow others to be enacted;
thus the legislative powers, held in their own hands, have not been returned to the people at
large for their exercise; the country remaining in the meantime, exposed to all sorts of graft
ing from without, and to frequent panicky convulsions from within.
They have endeavored to prevent the further development of these states; for that pur
pose making laws granting the lands to non resident exploiters, refusing to pass others to
encourage actual settlement of the same, and raising conditions preventing the establishing of
They have obstructed the administration of .justice, by causing creatures of the corpora
tions to be elected or appointed to judicial seats in courts of law.
They have made judges dependent on their will alone Tor the tenure of their offices and
the amount and payment of their salaries.
They have erected a multitude of new offices ,and sent thither swarms of new officers,
to harass the wage-slaves and eat out their substance
They have kepi among us, in limes of peace, without the consent of the people, standing
armies and state .mil it ni to assist then- felloM exploiters in grinding the faces of the useful
They have succeeded in rendering the military independent of and superior to the civil
They have eomlbined with others to subjeci the workers to a jurisdiction foreign to our
constitution and unacknowledged even by their own class-made laws: giving assent to ads of
anarchy and violence in the interests of members of their own class:— .
By quartering their troops of armed Btrik-breakers among us during times of industrial
By protecting their hired assassins, under cloak of courts martial, from punishment for
any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these states:
By depriving us of jobs by means of the lockout and blacklist ; (Continued on Page Four.)
And Bee his lordly fellow-worm
Tim poor petition spurn,
(' 11 ■11 ill < 1 fti 1 tho' a weeping wife
And helpless offspring mourn.
"My Country 'Tis of Thee"
Land of the Few Nifty
BRILLIANT ACTRESS WHO
IN "CALL OF CONSCIENCE"
NOW IN WILLIAMS STOCK CO.
Miss Zana Vaughn and Rex Snelgrove
Are Also Appearing At Peo
By a rather strange coincidence,
the two actresses who first interpret
ed "Blanche Deacon" in Shipley's
three-act drama, "The Call of Consci
ence," are now playing in Everett.
Miss Ursula Faucitt, who appears
this week as Angie Tucker in "Hunt
ing a Fortune," at the People's Thea
tre, had in charge the original pro
duction of Shipley's play when it was
produced in Oakland, in 1912. Miss
Faucitt not only interpreted "Blanche
Deacon" in the first and third acts,
but played also "Mable" in the second
act, besides acting as stage manager.
Miss Faucitt had not only the re
sponsibility of staging the play as a
brand new production, but rendered
valuable assistance to Shipley by her
suggestions regarding the text of
"The Call of Conscience," Miss Fau
citt being herself the author of sev
eral very successful sketches and
After lying fallow for two years,
"The Call of Conscience" was revised,
and presented in Everett by the Grif
fith Stock. Co., at the People's Thea
tre, with Miss Zana Vaughn as
"Blanche Deacon," and Mr. Rex Snel
grove as "Jack Armstrong." Their
splendid interpretation of these diffi
cult roles is too fresh in the memory
of our readers to need further com
Miss Faucitt made her- initial ap
pearance in Oakland as a headliner on
the Orpheum circuit, interpreting
scenes from Shakespeare's plays, in
cluding Hamlet. This was the first
attempt in America to introduce the
bard of Avon in vaudeville, and Miss
Faucitt's success in compelling the
sustained interest of a vaudeville au
dience with scenes from Hamlet, Mac
beth, Romeo and Juliet, As You Like
It, etc., attests the superior talents
of this distinguished English actress.
We wish to congratulate the man
ager of the Williams Stock Co. on his '
rare good fortune in securing the tal
ent of such a capable and versatile
company as is presented in the cast
of "Hunting a Fortune," which will be
the bill at the People's Theatre for
the rest of this week.
NOT SO MANY RICH IN THIS ,
Income Tax in Trouble. <
The secretary of the treasury in- ,
sists that the new income tax has ,
teeth in it, and he has an army of as- j
sistants who propose to close the j
jaws of the law upon the income tax
dodgers throughout the country. Some- |
body has been miscalculating very j
badly, or there are more poor people ,
in the United States than has been ,
generally supposed, as the income tax •
will fail by $21,000,000 of providing j,
the revenue expected of it by the ,
framers of the new tariff law. The
treasury department "experts" esti- (
mated that the taxes on individual re
turns would be $24,000,000 more than
has been produced. The government ,
"dragnet" has therefore thus far got
little more than half what it had ex
pected. The democrats, while patting
themselves on the back because of
their magnificent legislative achieve
ments of the past year, are worrying
themselves sick because of the lack j
of necessary revenue.
A WORLD-WIDE MOVEMENT.
There were 538 Socialists in the
legislatures of the twenty leading na
tions of the world in 1911. There are
now 728 in a total of 5,223, thus form
ing 13.19 per cent of the deputies in j
the national parliaments. In 1904 I
there were but 265 Socialist legisla- ]
| tors in the world, or 5.64 per cent of
In 1904 the total Socialist vote of
the world was 6,183,225. The interna
tional bureau's records for 1914 show
' a total of 10,739,970 votes cast for So
cialism. The world do move!
STARTLING FIGURES SHOW
CONCENTRATION IN LAND
Startling figures drawn from gov
ernment archives showing the alarm
ing increase in concentration of land
ownership in the United States have
been compiled for the first time, and
are herewith presented to the public
through the Socialist press service.
These statistics prove that the United
States is in as great need for "land re
form," recommended for Mexico by
President Wilson, as is Mexico her
Here is a partial list of the princi
pal gigantic land holdings in the
United States. It should be pointed
out that most of these land grants
were "concessions" obtained either
! through sheer graft or through offi
i cial favoritism, so that in this respect
I the United States has nothing on Diaz
i or Huerta.
In seven states 1,802 holders own
The Southern Pacific railroad owns
The Union Pacific railroad owns
972,127 acres, equivalent to the land
areas of Massachusetts, Rhode Island,
Connecticut, New Jersey and Dela
The Weyerhausers own 1,525,000
acres in two states.
One hundred and eighty-two men
own 16,990,000 acres in Florida, or
about half the state.
Three men own 4,200,000 acres of
The Michigan Iron & Land Co.
owns 320,000 acres.
The Chicago & Northern railroad
owns 370,000 acres.
Three corporations in Oregon own,
respectively, 175,000, 800,000 and 36,
Ten men in Louisiana own 440,000
One man owns 125,000 in California,
received as "paper concessions."
The Miller and Lux estate in Cali
fornia has 14,500,000 acres.
It is pointed out here that the fam
ous 1,000,000-acre ranch owned by
William Randolph Hearst in Mexico
is pitifully small in comparison to the
American land-holdings of some of
Hearst's brother feudalists. Thpse
American land-holdings, moreover, are
far more extensive than those of the
Maderos; and John Hays Hammond,
the professional land-grabber and na
tural resource-exploiter, owns a
much smaller fraction of the province
of Sonora than his countrymen possess
of, say, the state of California.
In his famous interview in the "Sat
urday Evening Post," President Wil
son is on record as desiring "a suit
able solution" of the Mexican land
question so that as he put it, "the day.
will come when the Mexican people
will be put in full possession of the
land, the liberty and the peaceful
prosperity that are rightfully theirs."
Wilson said in that interview that
the Mexican situation had been par
ticularly hard to handle "because so
many elements of it have been with
out our control and our territory."
"In a domestic matter," Wilson went
on to explain, "we can see our way
clear, because ordinarily all the ele
ments are within our view and con
The land question in the United
States is a domestic matter, and all
the elements are within our control
and observation. The various bu
reaus in Washington can furnish the
president all the facts he needs about
land concentration and ownership, and
the wise heads who are preparing a
scheme of land reform for Mexico are
equally able to prepare one for the
What is Wilson going to do about it?
GOLD IS "RISING IN VALUE"
Now that the production of gold is
diminishing in quantity, relative to
j population, the cost of living begins to
show a tendency to go downward,
When gold is cheap, food is dear, and
vice versa. But with the lowering of
the cost of living, will come a de
crease in the average wage. So
what's the use?
Probably it ia a new presidential
race that T. R. has discovered.—