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For School Director, Katherine H. Hodgins, Nominee of the Socialist Party
Workers of Everett! Why Not Elect A Representative of Your Own to the School Board? Mothers! the School
Room Is An Extension of Your Homes Our Candidate Knows How to Protect the Interests of Ymir chiiHmn
—GIVE HER YOUR ACTIVE SUPPORT—YOUR CHILDREN NEED HER!
KATHERINE H. HODGINS
Socialist Candidate For School Director
No man or woman in Everett is better qualified by intelligence,
education, experience as a teacher, or by administrative ability, to
act a.-; lvpivsintative. of the irafe-earning class on tlio hoard
of this City. Her election on Pnt.. Dec. 4th, would he a distinct
gain to the City of Everett.
SOCIALISTS OF EVERETT
FOR SCHOOL DIRECTOR
Pv unanimous vote of the Socialists
of Everett, Kathenne H. Hodgins was
rominated as their candidate for
school director in the forthcoming
< lection. No one who appreciates her
superior qualifications for the position
to D 9 filled by tlie voters of Everett,
Sat. Dec. 4, vi'l fail to go to the polls
and cast a hnllot for Mrs. Hodgins,
to succeed a.-l Husted on the Board
of education, as school director. The
nomination was not of her asking. It
was a call to duty, coming from an
organization which represents in all
things and at all times the higher in
terests of all men and women wno
serve society in some useful capacity.
If elected, as she deserves to be, Mrs.
Hodgins can he wholly depended upon
to perform the duties of her office
What is the purpose of education?
To develop individuals or to maintain
institutions? Germany would answer
unequivocally that the purpose of ( du
cation is to rear citizens for the state.
Shall the United States make the
same answer? The ruling class in
the United States is determined that
this shall be the view point of our
educational system. If our children
can be graduated -from our public
schools and universities saturated
with the Individualistic and capitalis
tic point of view, the continued ex
istence of the present system is as
sured. Despite the facts to 'he con
trary, the average high school gradu
still Relieves that this is a world
of equal opportunity and that every
man gets what he deserves, Win n
'he does come in contact with the bit
ter realities of life, the effect of these
teachings is still with him and b
tributes his failure to individualistic
causes, causes within himself, rathel
than to the system which makes suc
cess in life for the many an impos
RECEIVED ONLY $9,300 EACH
David Goldstein and Peter Collins
only received $9,300 from the Knights
of Columbus last year—up to June 30,
1915 —for their services as saviors of
society from the menace of Socialism
DEVOTED TO THE INDUSTRIAL, POLITICAL, AND EDUCATIONAL ADVANCEMENT OF THE WORKING-CLASS
with the same ability and fidelity that
have characterized all her activities
in the past.
A school board composed wholly of
men is a survival of the dark ages,
based on man's arrogant assumption
of superiority over woman.
The idea of having a woman on the
school board has been discussed and
approved by all elements of the popu
lation in nearly all the leading cities
of the United States. It is high time
now that Everett place herself in the
forefront of the march of progress by
electing to the school board so able
a woman as Katherine H. Hodgins.
Not only has Mrs. Hodgins had
years of practical experience in the
schools of this and other states, but
she possesses a degree of executive
ability rarely to be met with in any
walk of life.
.Mrs Hodgins has no personal axe to
grind in permitting her name to go on
th^ ballot for the office.
WHERE THE BLAME LIES
One of the four great reasons as
signed as the cause of unrest among
the people \>> the Industrial Relations
Commission is given as "Denial of Jus
n the creation, in the adjudica
tion and in the administration of the
law." Why not tell the truth aboui
this, the whole truth, and let the
blame lie where it belongs, for the
failure or justice to the workers?
THE WORKERS IN THE UNIT
ED STATKS HAVE THE POWER
TO TAKR PART IN ALT. THIS, BUT
THKV HAVE REFUSED, BECAUSE
THEY HAVE BEEN LED ASTRAY
BY HUNH LEADERS, EDUCATED
IN INSTITUTIONS DEDICATED TO
THE SERVICE OF THE > MASTER
class, AND i OMPOSED OF UNI
AND ( llt'l.'i 111-.S, AND LAST HUT
KOT LUAHT THE PUBLIC PRESS.
Workers, iittniicl to your own edu
cation, demand more democracy In
the organizations In which you now
make the laws, have less blind con
fldence In rulers whether as labor
leaders or as capitalists, take your
own brawny hands, anoint it with self
respect, and be your own master. On
ly in ihis way through education can
you obviate this one great cause of
industrial unrest. Only by fitting
yourselves to take charge of the ad
ministration and the adjudication of
the law, can you ever hope to abol-
BVHRBTT, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, NOV. 25, 1915.
Why Socialists Lost in Everett
Editor's Note: — Many of our read
ers are unable to understand why
Comrade Salter was defeated in the
recent election, when it was so gen
erally conceded that he had made
gocri. The following statement from
Comrade Bolter is a correct analysis
and interpretation of the campaign
and its remits:
SALTER S STATEMENT
I was defeated because I stood for
theories of economics and principles
of municipal government that the ma
jority of Everett's citizens were not
yet ready to accept.
This alone was not sufficient to in
sure my defeat It was necessary for
•my opponent and his supporters to
resort to every dirty trick known to
They wont from house to house
circulating tho most vicious and ma
licious fah-enoods about me.
T'ley appealed to religious intoler
ances, Ignorance, prejudice, and pa
t-iotism an<! proved that Dr. Johnson,
the eminent English scholar, was
right when he said that "Patriotism
is the last refuge of a scoundrel."
For days both nen and *omen evi
dently paid in cash or in promises,
carried on their nefarious campaign
Not one word could they say de
rogatory to my successful handling of
the public works department, my acts
as a member of the city council, or my
Socialism and the Public Schools
By S. T. Eddy
In the first place, what excuse have
we for demanding the money of the
publif^ or the individual to educate
our children? The answer can be bu(
one of two —either to build a bettor
and more intelligent citizenship or the
creation of a more efficient servant
The latter alternative is so raw
that not even the capitalists them
selves would openly father it. This
leaves only the former to be consid
To build a more intelligent citizen
ship it Is not only necessary that we
teach all that has been taught in the
common school and teach it better
but we must, also teach economics and
social science as well. To do this
it is necessary to reduce these sci
ences to the vocabulary of the com
mon school. This is the task of the
economist, the sociologist, and the
literary genius. When I say that we
must teach all that has been lauglit
in the common schools i do not mean
RE BOSTROM S ARTICLE
We slated in last week's issue that
we were going to publish an article
from Comrade Bostrom re Brown. Hut
we ha\ c 11:111 in post pone ilii' publish
ing of this article because Local Ev
en n. has decided to go into the school
campaign and the article h ill take up
too much space for the campaign edi
tions, We will publish it in our issue
of Dec, !).
isli wage slavery, and establish upon
the ruins of this infamy, the hope of
the ages, Industrial Democracy. You
are the arbiter <>f your own destiny,
you have the power. Use it. Politi
cal action alone will never liberate
you, but it is a mighty weapon, suf
ficiently powerful almost alone to
have held the workers for centuries
in th ebonds of ignorance, and the in
evltable result of ignorance, slavery.
—Peoples' College News.
Patriotism and the flag wan all that
was left to tall hack upon.
On the streets, through the daily
I'l'i•■■.; and to the homes the following
fabrications, with various comblna
linn : and variations, wen- carried with
Incri using relish a,nd glee,
WHAT THEY SAID
salter while a Uacher In tho pub
lic schools removed from the walls
pictures of Washington and Lincoln
and pin that of Debs In Ihelr places.
He refused to stand once upon a
time when an orijfaeßtra played the
Star Spangled ISanner.
lie called the Liberty Bell old junk
and refused to bo to see it when an
opportunity presented Itself. He hired
only In connection with the
work of the public works department.
Made the nun pay $5 in get a job
and then made lham join tho Socialist
party to keep the job.
Was unable to support his family
livery day something new was invent
ed, no tale was too absurd for their
As election day drew near my op
ponents saw how well their plan was
I working and when their reward was
in sight their enthusiasm knew no
Thousands of -W&I1 national flags
wore distributed among school chil
dren. Merrill supporters wore them
in their hats and on their coats.
) On election day the opposition au
tomobiles were decorated fore and aft
to include the fake history, hero wor
ship, and spurious patrotism that
creates a false idealism, a sort of
Lethean fairyland where child minds
are ruined for life.
I think that this subject of working
class education should be brought to
the attention of every Socialist in the
state, that it should be made a part
of the demands of the state platform,
and through the state delegates to the
national convention, so that the So
cialists of America could be aroused.
While the capitalists are not telling
us that the aim of their education is
the creation of a more efficient ser
vant clasn, a subject class capable of
creating more surplus value, that is
just what they are striving to do.
They are Introducing manual training
iind domestic science and vocational
training for no other purpose. As a
Socialist. 1 am not opposed to manual
training nor to any other training
when it is In the, interest of the work
ing class. Bui Socialists have no bust
ni i : Calling tor these methods where
by the enemy hopes to fasten the
ULONSKA TO DEBATE
IN NORTH YAKIMA
Comrade Cap] Ulonska la to debate
in the Congregational church in North
Vaklma, Friday, Nov. 2G, at 8 p.m.
The question to be debated is "Resolv
•ii iii;.i Socialism la the most desirable
economic ord/>r for the people <>f the
Dnited States." Carl Ulonska, of Ev
erett High School and secretary of the
Socialist party of Snohomish county,
will take the affirmative and Dow
R. Cope, of the University of Wash
ington the negative. Admission 25c.
Each ticket will entitle the holder to
B live weeks' subscription to The
We have a suspicion that a lot of
that recruiting that always follows a
Zeppelin attack is inspired by a de
sire to get away from the perils of
life In London. —Philadelphia Inquirer.
with American fla/^H.
It worked; they got away with the
goods; the people were again deceived
by the same old gang who have so
long dominated Everett's politics. The
socialist, campaign of education was
not able to stand up under that of the
Knights of Columbus, the 8010 Club,
occupanti of homes of prostitution
and beneficiaries of the same, a good
ly sprinkling of protestant preachers
and chnrch members, together with
B host of job seekers.
When I was elected in August, 1914,
I had for my supporters those who
were responsible for the recall of Mr.
They wanted the city hall gang
cleaned out. During this election the
game retailers who were so anxious
for a clean-up a year ago joined hands
with the bunch that I did clean out
of the public works department and
worked for my defeat.
Am well pleased with the vote. Mr.
.Merrill, my opponent, possessed all
jthe qualifications that appeal to the
'average American voter. He is a
heavy taxpayer, a reformer and sup
posed to be opposed to corporate
When one considers that the So
cialists conducted their campaign
strictly according to party principles
and tactics, we have no cause for re
We can only continue in our work
of education and organization.
chains of a more servile slavery upon
the workers. It is up to the scientific
Socialists to expose these frauds as
they have exposed boy scouts, the
civic federation, craft unionism, etc.
This is the machine age. We want
to do and will do everything by ma
chinery that can be done with less
labor power than by hand. The So
cialists should not oppose any useful
education, but the interests of our
Class should be our guide at all times.
Things should come in their order
in such a way as to benefit the work
ers who are the vast majority of hu
At the age of twenty-one males and
females of a certain description are
entitled to vote and thus influence
society. If they have had an intelli
gent education their influence will be
in the direction of an intelligent or
dering of life. This means Socialism.
Yours for THE EMANCIPATION.
S. T. EDDY, Director,
School Dist. No. 2, Clallam County,
A REAL PATRIOT'S PLEDGE
(From "War—What For?")
I refuse to kill your father. I re
fuae ti> slay your mother's son. I re
fuse to plunge a bayonet into the
breast of your sister's brother. I
c to slay your sweetheart's lov
er. I refuse to murder your wife's
nu band. 1 refuse to butcher your
little child's father. I refuse to wot
the earth with blood and blind kind
with tears. I refuse to assassi-
Date you and then hide my stained
fists in the folds of any flag.
I refuse to be flattered into hell's
nightmare by a class of well-fed snobs,
crooks and cowards, who despise our
class economically and betray our
Our t-wn notion of a hard-luck story
is the top one of a London house. —
It Takes Strength
It takes great strength to train
To modern service, your ancestral bra.in,
To lift the weight of the unnumbered years
Of dead men's habits, methods and ideas.
To hold that back with one hand, and support
With the other the weak steps of a new thought
It takes great strength to live your life
Up square with your accepted thought,
And hold It there.
Resisting that inertia that drags back,
Prom new attempts to the old habit's track.
It's so easy to slip back—to sink
So hard to live abreast of what you think.
It takes great strength to live where you belong
When other people think that you are wrong,
People you love, and who love you, and whose
Approval is a pleasure you would choose.
To bear this bravely and succeed at length
In living your belief—well, IT TAKES STRENGTH.
—Charlotte Perkins Gilman.
Distribution of leaflets Sunday, Nov.
28. Let's show them we have started
the campaign for 1316. More distri
butors wanted. Phone headquarters,
or leave name and address. Call for
bundle Saturday evening or Sunday
F. G. CROSBY,
Public Schools A Failure
The American public school, as now
constituted, is a failure.
The American public school was
never designed to meet American con
ditions; its basic idea, which is to
prepare students for college, is wrong.
Even if judged by accomplishments
upon this basic idea, the American
public school is ninety-three per cent,
Public school education in this coun
try is not practical for millions of
children who must be educated in the
public schools or not at all.
Fed on theory, taught by incompe
tent teachers, millions of these chil
dren are thrust from a schoolroom
atmosphere of theory and incompe
tence into a world exceedingly prac
tical; where competency is the first
qualification of success.
Result, millions of failures and
si-mi-failures in the individual cases
of these children; failure of the na
tion as a whole to make the most of
its resources, industrially, commer
cially and agriculturally.
. The public school system represents
an Investment. of-$1,221,695,780, and
it i-osts the American people $146.
--726,929 a year to maintain. One sin
•< m of waste, that of retardation
<>i pupils, costs the nation $157,066,
--602 annually, more than one-third the
total maintenance charge.
Only seven per cent, of the children
who enter the public schools ever pass
through them. Those who do not
achieve the high school commence
ment platform are prenared for noth
ing in the world except, possibly, to
undergo more education.
P. P. Claxton, United States Com
missioner of Education, from whose
annual report of 1912 most of the fig
ures in this article are taken, gives
the number of children entering the
public schools annually as about 2,
--055,000. Of this number, only 502,577,
or 24.45 per cent, of those entering,
reach the high school. Of the num
ber who reach high school only 155 : 656
or 39.58 per cent., get into the fourth
year. These 155,656 who complete
the public school work are only seven
per cent, of those who begin It.
The actual, practical and worklirg
RECORD BANK CLEARINGS
In the month of October, bank cleaiv
ings in this country reached the high.
est total ever known, being $20,052,
222. The highest total for any pre
vious month was that for October
1912, $17,002,000,000, so that the total
clearings for this year surpass the
highest previous total by nearly 18
purpose of the American public school
system is to prepare for higher edu
cation. A system which accomplishes
only seven per cent, of what it sets
out to accomplish is about 93 per cent,
a failure, isn't it?
Not more than one-third of the chil
dren who enter the public schools ev
er finish even the elementary grades.
Not one-half of them finish the sixth
That is, one-half of all the children
who enter the public schools leave
them before they have acquired an
equipment with which to read a news
It is estimated that the loss of this
fifty per cent, of children from the
public schools in the middle of tha
elementary course represents to the
nation a loss in human resources of
What is the matter with our school
In the first place, it is a foreign
importation. It was originally meant
to supply education for a select few
of the population in a country hav
ing totally different governmental, so
i lal iind industrial conditions from
those of the United States. It is ac
counted a failure even in the country
from which it came. Our educational
in may be likened to an exotic
plant, and, to carry the simile further,
it is about as productive in the United
States as an Amazon rubber tree
transplanted to a New England home
TO GIVE DRAMA
The Socialists of Local Birmingham
I are to hold an educational drama en
titled "A Pageant of Peace" on Sat
urday evening Nov. 27th. There are
to be seventy people in the cast. A
dance and supper will be given imme
diately following the entertainment.
Tickets to the dance are 25c, ladies
tree. Supper will be served in the
hall at 25c per plate. Don't forget the
date —Nov. 27. Don't forget the place,
Birmingham Hall, Birmingham. Ev
erybody be there. A good time is
Lieutenant Fay says he was edu
cated in a correspondence school.
This explains all.—New York Tele