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SHIPPERS OPPOSE COMMISSION
Figures Which Show What A Ttailroad
Commission Working for Coast Jobb»
ers Can do to Wholesale Grocers of the
City Burdened With Durhamism.
The manufacturer and the merchant—
The wholesaler and the retailer—
The rich man and the poor man—
The taxpayer and the citizen—
The landlord and the tenant—
series of stories on the effects of the cam
paign for a railroad commission bill is dedicated.
By William Francis Guion.
In his efforts to whip the devil
around the stump, Mr. Durham this
morning tells you, tentatively, that
only five Spokane shippers could be
found to oppose the railroad com
mission bill. This because, yester
day, I mentioned the names of Aye
strong houses which signed the tele
graphic protest against the passage
of the bill.
Mr. Durham would have you believe
that only five shippers oppose the
But let me tell you something Mr.
Durham dare not contradict.
There are 53 jobbers and manufac
turers who are members of the Spo
kane Shippers' association. At the
last meeting of the association every
member, but one, voted against the
proposition to support the commis
Those shippers did not sign the
telegram, did not wltbold their sig
natures because they favored a com
mission bill. They declined to sign
because they favored another plan of
campaign against the commission bill
—a plan which the Spokesman-Re
view speedily betrayed to the coast
Mr. Durham dare not direct his ac
eusatlona against the buslnesss men
of Spokane who are battling for the
preservation of their Investments.
Instead he creates v bogle railroad
machine which he tells you Is re
sponsible for the protests made
against his dream born political
But you must expect a mass of
misrepresentations in the frantic sup
port of Durhamlsm. Nelson W. Dur
ham ls not a man big enough nnd
broad enough to admit his mistake
publicly, lie has pursued his crea
tion so long without public opposition
thnt he will stoop to anything that
is likely to prevent a fair and impar
In selecting the rales yesterday to
Indicate the position in which the
Spokane shippers are placed, I had
two sets of quotations to choose
from. One lot of Quotations was from
the O. R. ci N. The second was from
the Great Northern rate sheets.
The O. R. & N. quotations were
chosen because they were lower. They
give the coast shipped a distributing
rnte back to Spokane territory of
$1.16, this being based on the Mis
souri river rates.
It Is used by shippers to enforce
the argument thnt the O. R. * N. will
reduce the rates back from the const.
The Great Northern rate sheets
show a first class rate from the east
to Spokane of $4.16. They show, too,
a first class terminal rate from the
same eastern points to coast points
of $2.67. They show these distribut
ing rates from Portlund and Seattle
First class, $1.48; second, $1.38;
third, 9Bc, fourth, 82c; fifth, 76c.
Even the railroads will admit that
these rates, In existence for the post
16 years, are too high. They will tell
you, as will the coast shippers, that
the first move made by tho latter will
be to apply for a reduction of these
rates—a reduction already quoted by
tho O. R. & N., through a different
But, so far, it la not the probable
reduction of coast distributing rates
which I hnve attempted to show.
IT IS TUB RAISING OP SPO
KANE DISTRIBUTING RATES
WHICH IS TO BE FEARED AS IN
In the mass of letters and commu
nications received since the initial
publication of these articles punctur
ing the bubble of Durhamlsm, I have
been asked frequently where the far
mer of eastern Washington will be
benefitted, or Injured, by a railroad
commission bill. Also numerous
queries have been sent tending to
show that the wholesale grocer, the
farmer's chief concern, after hie
crops are sold,, will be the worst suf
erer under a coast ridden commission.
It will be the farmer and the grocer
I shnll touch upon In this Installment.
Primarily the farmer can expect
yery little benefit from a railroad
commission, even though that com
mission would work wholly for the
eastern portion of the stats—which It
will not do.
By action of the legislature In past
years the farmer today Is getting
•bout as low a rate on his grain as
he may expect for years to come.
In the early days It cost the farmer
the coast markets. That cost was
reduced by legislation, first, to 17 ',4
cents a bushel, then to 14 cents, or
thereabouts, and until the last reduc
tion through a law making a maxi
mum state rnte of 21 % cents per 100
pounds, gave him a rate uf leu cents
Falrmlnded men, conversnnt with
the grain business, say that this is a
reasonable rule —about as reasonable
as can be expected considering the
comparative density of traffic re
ceived by the railroads.
The very lowest rate that can be
expected tn the future in nine cents
a bushel and It will not be a railroad
commission that will bring this
about, but an Increase In the amount
of grain handled.
So that, so far as the farmer is
concerned, natural conditions must
work out his further benefits from
With n railroad commission the
farmer. It is true, would be given the
opportunity of asking for a more
equal division of the car service and
an Improvement In depot facilities.
But In what state has a railroad com
mission succeeded ln fairly adjusting
Year after year the fight has gone
on to secure more cars at a given
point. Cheney will complain to the
railroad commission that not enough
care are given to that station. An
order will be issued and the railroad
company will, after a fight, take cars
away from Davenport an dsend to
Cheney. Then Davenport will be the
aggrlved party to another complaint
and the want will be filled by cars
destined to another small shipping
All this time the railroads are pur
suing their policy of holding the
bulk of the car service ut the big
shipping points, prepared for a rush,
an duo railroad commission has yet
been able to dictate an actual distri
bution of ears to suit the small ship
per or tlie farmer. If the commission
becomes to insistent, the emergency
ears are run out across the state
line and stored.
It Is the same story over and over
again, The railroads will not sacri
fice the big shipping points for tlie
small station. Not even n demurrage
bill will change that system.
The farmers of the state would be
called upon to pay their share of the
1)0,000 annual expense of a commis
sion without securing actual relief.
No state commission can assume Jur
isdiction over ears not ln the state.
No law can compel a railroad com
pany to furnish what It hasn't got.
Every Jobber I have conversed with
has said that If a railroad commis
sion is established In this stale under
the conditions proposed, the whole
sale grocer of Spokane will be wiped
out of existence. I have found none
to admit even a fighting chance.
But before going Into this life and
death struggle of ihe grocer I would
refer to one point illustrative of the
present prosperity of the Spokane
jobbers and manufacturers.
The tonnage reports of the rail
roads for Spokane station shows that
THE JOBBING OUTPUT FROM
SPOKANE HAS MORE THAN
DOUBLED WITHIN THE PAST
In other words the shipment of less
than carload lots by Spokane jobbers
nnd manufacturers to their customers
In Spokane territory is twice as large
now as it was two years ago. THE
SPOKANE JOBBER IS DOUBLING
HIS BUSINESS UNDER THE PRE
Does that Indicate anything to you?
Does that show you that the Spokane
shipper is at present getting rates
which are not being given to the
Do you believe a coast commis
sioner would permit a continuance of
this hit of fuvorlsm if be could pre
The life of the wholesale grocery
business rests upon a continuance of
the present rnte adjustment which
has made such growth possible.
Even aa It ls, the Spokane whole
saler is laboring under a great disad
vantage owing to the fail that the
bulk of his goods comes from coast
points In which his only protection
against the coast Jobber are the car
load rates against the less than car
load rates, backed by the differentials
between class and commodity rates.
All rate makers argue that a dif
ferential of 10 cents per 100 ls ample
as between carload nnd less than car
load rates. Their one aim Is to pre
serve that differential.
But here are a few quotations
which demonstrate how the rates to
Spokane are manipulated.
On canned goods, carloads, the com
modity rate per 100, Seattle to Spo
kane, Is 65 cents. Less than car
loads, 80 cents —a differential of 25
Sugar, the greatest commodity, has
a rate, Seattle to Spokane, carloads,
Clf US cents f.cSH th.v, mrlmwlu \>
Sugar, the greatest commodity, has
a rate, Seattle to Spokane, carloads,
of 65 cents. Dess than carloads. 83
centß—a differential of 17 cents. The
class rate, carloads, Is 76 cents, less
than carloads, 82 cents —a class differ
ential of 7 cents.
Syrup from the coast to Spoknne
takes a commodity rate of 3214 cents,
carload, and 50 cents, less than car
loud, giving a differential of 17 cents.
The Spokane Press.
The class'rate, carload, ls 75 cents,
less than carloads, 82 cents, or a
differential of 7 cents.
Yet on this commodity a rate from
Omaha, whence the larger bulk of
syrup comes. Is 65 cents to Spokane
atnd 66 cents to Seattle and Portland.
Dried fruits, in carloads, Seattle to
Spokane, takes a rate of 76 cents as
a commodity and 96 cents tn less
thsn carloads, giving a differential of
20 cents. The class rate, carload. Is
82 cents, less than carloads, 96 cents,
or a differential of 13 cents. ,
It ls the differential ln the com
modity rate which gives the Spokane
wholesale grocer a chance to compete
■With his coast competitor. Buying
ln carload lots he saves the difference
between the carload and less than
carload rate to Spokane, while the
Portlnnd and Seattle Jobber, shipping
In less than carloads to customers In
Spokane territory, must pay the
The differential existing in the
class rate in may cases ls not suf
ficient as between carloads and less
than carloads to margin a profit.
A railroad commission tinkering
with these commodity rates need not
go outside of its legal rights to re
adjust these rates and destroy or
modify the commodity differential
and restore, to a degree, the class
differential, which would give the full
advantage to the coast grocer.
It ls a danger that need not be
PORTLAND, Ore., Feb. 24.—Fed
eral Judge Bellinger this afternoon
removed from ofliee James M. Stuart,
United States commissioner at Fos
sil, Ore., on account of alleged com
plicity in the land frauds.
WANTS A DIVORCE
Judge Kennan was kept busy this
morning listening to the troubles of
those who believe that marriage Is it
John P. Adams, who has reached
nearly the prescribed thrce-score-and
ten mentioned in holy writ asked the
court to «c 4 -er the bonds which have
made him and Julia A. Adams one
since February, 1861. The old couple
have wandered about ln many places
between Illinois and this state and
the aged husband has now made the
discovery that his spouse 44 years
is cross and ill-tempered. The old
man seems particularly displeased
because his pour old wife will not go
with him to live in a shack on a
homestead he desires to locate upon.
He says she is cruel and threatens
to go to Michigan.
Judge Kennan refused to untie this
W. F. McCloud married Mary Mc-
Cloud In Spokane in July last year.
Mary was shown this morning to be
(Scrlpps News Association.)
SPOKANE, WASHINGTON, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1905.
I a very bad woman. Besides keeping
bad company, she visits very bad re
sorts and drinks to excess. - •
Tho unhappy husband received
edfrom the court the relief he de
Drunkenness and worthlessness on
the part of the husband was the bur- !
den of the story told by Zarah F.
Ineson in her suit against George F.
Judge Kennan thought the woman
had suffered enough, but could not
grant relief because she has not es
tablished a residence here.
Marlon F. Snlter has been an un
kind husband to Sadie E. Snlter and
has failed to support her since ths
marriage of the parties In January,
1902. He is a strong man but will
BATTLE EXPECTED SOON
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 24.—Dispatches from the
front state that the Russians have turned oil the villages
on the right flank into fortified places, with a redoubt, sur
rounded by wire entanglements.
Both sides are preparing for an early conflict.
TOKIO, Feb. 24.—Oyama reports that shelling of
points in the vicinity of Sha river and collisions of scout
ing parties continued February 22 and 23. On February
23 the Russian battery of heavy guns began shelling Lapa
tai and vicinity.
Russian prisoners in Japan number 44,400, of which
616 are officers. j
Professor Waller, Otte Weile,
City Engineer Gill and Charles Mc
lntyre have the center of the ring
in the executive meeting of the
city council which began at nine
o'clock this morning.
The opposing engineers con
sumed the entire forenoon in
wrangling over the plans of the
city engineer and the water com
mission and at noon about the only
progress noted was the racking
headaches of some of the confined
The entire mass of figures and
comparative tables were gone over
again and much the same line of
argument carried through as char
acterized the last meeting of the
committee of the whole.
Up to noon nothing had develop
ed which would lead to the belief
that a compromise plan would be
DR. SELLERS FIGHTING
TO SEE HIS CHILDREN
The motion recently made by Dr.
M. K. Setters for leave to visit bis
children, who are under the care and
In the custody of his divorced wife,
came up for argument before Judge
Dr. Setters asks for an amendment
of the decree of divorce which
Josephine Setters obtained against
him by inserting a provision that he
be allowed nt stated intervals to see
and converse with his children.
Affidavits were presented to the
court by Setters' attorney, John \V.
Merrltt, setting forth that prior to
I not support his wife. He spends his
I money for his own pleasure.
Judge Kennan granted the wife a
The etory of the unhapplness which
Dr. J. A. Armstrong has brought to
his -wife, M. Helen Armstrong, would
fill a volume. Dr. Armstrong was
formerly government veterinary sur
geon for British Columbia. He
gambled, lost his position and neg
lected his wife. He became a de
faulter and brought himself and wife
ln disrepute. Mrs. Armstrong fur
nished her defaulting husband with
money to save him from prison, but
he has never repaid it.
A defect In the proceedings for
publication of the summons prevent
ed a decree for Mrt. Armstrong.
evolved out of the discussion and
At the afternoon meeting, which
began at 1:30 it was announced
that Professed Waller would be
compelled to leave again tonight
and that therefore some sort of
order would be pulled out of the
taugle this afternoon.
Up to a late hour this afternoon
tho engineers and the council were
still rambling about the hedges of
figures and estimates, each trying
to show a better plan.
indications, are that unless
the engineers get closer together
before adjournment this evening
that the counclltnen will be unable
to select a plan or a compromise.
Failing in such event it is more
than likely the council will be com
pelled to resort to the plan of re
ferring the two plans to a third
the granting of the decree It was
agreed hy Mrs. Setters and her at
torneys, Sullivan, Nuzum & Nuzum,
that the decree should contain the
provision now asked for, but that by
inadvertence this was omitted when
the decree was drawn.
After the divorce was obtained Mrs.
Setters refused to allow her former
hushand to see the children.
Mrs. Setters has changed attorneys
nnd is now represented by Tollman
& Kimball, who vigorously oppose the
application made today.
fir. Setters was married again
j nbout six months after the decree of
divorce was obtained against him.
He married one Annie Cowan, who
had figured In the divorce proceed
ings brought by the mother of the
children Dr. Setters now seeks to
This second marriage of the doctor
has forever estranged the former
wife. War against the doctor is
openly declared and there will be no
The divorced wife denies that there
was ever any agreement that the
father should ever visit his children.
She says, however, that she had said
to htm that If he would consent not
to marry Annie Cowen and have noth
ing more to do with her she would
consent that he might see the chil
dren as often aa he chose.
It appears that there was some talk
had at one time of a reconciliation
between the doctor and Josephine Set
ters If he would promise never again
to see Annie Cowan.
There ls a direct conflict between
the parties as to every statement
made by either.
The doctor's divorced wife claims
that the doctor's Influence over the
children le bad. She claims that when
he was permitted to see them he tcld
them they were to have a "new
mamma" who would be good to them.
She says he ls always too indulgent
with the children and has no Idea
of how they should be governed and
brought up. She declares that his
influence over the children makes
them discontented and unhappy.
Judge Kennan denied Dr. Setters'
(Scripps News Association.)
MILWAUKEE, Feb. 24.—Fire
man Wm. Morgan was killed and
Aye others injured by the fire
which today partly destroyed the
planing mill of the International
Woodwork company. The loss is
WOULD 101 TALK
fßerlpps Newi» Association.*
MOSCOW, Feb. 24.—1t ls reported
that the Grand Duchess Elizabeth
yesterday visited her late husband's
murderer ln prison witl. the object of
discovering the motive for the as
sassination. The prisoner refused to
talk about the matter.
(Scripps News Association.)
KISHINEPF, Feb. 24.—The trial
of 31 Christians charged with the
murder of Jews during the riots
here last year, was completed to
Nine prisoners were acquitted
and 22 were sentenced to one
month's imprisonment each.
Under the czar's amnesty mani
festo these 22 will escape punish
(Scripps News Association.)
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 24.—The
czar has appointed Grand Duchess
Elizabeth, the widow of Sergius, to
command the Klfth Grenadier regi
ment ut Kleff.
(Scrlpps News Association.)
GENEVA, Switzerland, Feb. 24.
—The boring of Siniplon tunnel
was complete at 7:20 thla morning.
The tunnel extends under the Alps
from Brigue, Switzerland to Isola,
Italy, over 13 miles.
It has been over rive years in
building and there was only one
foot of deviation when the two
ends were brought together.
OFFICERS TO BE
<Bcrlpps News Association.)
ST. PETEKSBURG. Feb. 24 —
The order of day issued by Grand
Duke Vladimir, ordering the trial
by courtmartial of Capt. Davidoff
and three other officers in connec
tion with the affair of January 19,
when a charge of grape shot was
fired in the direction of the emper
or during the ceremony of blessing
(Scrlpps N*wi Association.)
WASHINGTON. Feb. 24—The
Panama canal commission today
appoint! .1 Consul Gudger of Pana
ma, judge of tbe canal zone In
place of Judge Kyle, who is on an
indefinite leave i_! absence.
THIRD YEAR. NO. 94. PRICE. ONI COTf
CHILDREN ARE WRITING
GOOD NEWSY STORIES
BLAIR9 ELECT A CAPTAIN.
The Blair Business college base
ball club met Thursday evening.
C. B. White who twirled- for the
college last season was elected
captain and Prof. H. C. Blair, man
Joe Stingle and W. Brown will
alternately play behind the bat.
Ed Yates, who also played with the
team last season will hold his old
place in center field. He will also
help out on the pitching staff.
Theo Woll will cover second. Be
sides C. E. White, the pitching
staff will consist of C. Henry and
A. Shuemaker. C. H. Campbell
will hold first and also play behind
the bat. Prank Sexon will play
third. Nathan Hughes and Borles
kie will cover the field with Ed
The team promises to be the
best the college ever produced.
H. C. Blair has a number of games
already scheduled. J. L. COOK.
The German singing society is
going to have a theatre, one of
the best pieces that ever was play
ed. The title ls "The Beggar Stu
dent of Berlin." It will be at the
Turner Hall on Sunday, the 26th
o fFebruary, at eight o'clock p. m.
They expect to have a large crowd.
1416 E 3rd Avenue.
. There was born to Mr. and Mrs.
Anthony Walter at'looß E Pacific
aevnue, a baby boy. The child was
born on the morning of February
22. ANTHONY GERIMONTE.
E 308 Sprague Aye.
About 8 o'clock last night while
Dr. Olmstead, was going south on
Division street ln an automobile,
he ran into a muddy place, caused
by heavy wagon. The automo
bile stuck in the mud and couldn't
Driver No. 6 of the Cascade
Laundry booked on and pulled
him out. GEO. MCLAREN,
E5 First street.
ROLLED OVER THE BANK.
While unloading dirt on the road
down to Peaceful Valley, Jack
TRIAL IS ON TODAY
The trial of Henry Arao, the Jap
who Is accused of brutally murder
ing' Sam Chow, a Chinese tailor, De
cember 29, at the store of the latter
on Main avenue, began this morning
In Judge Warren's court.
All the forenoon session was con
sumed ln examining the Jurors sum
moned to try the oase.
Al! of the Jurors examined had read
accounts of the killii.gr as published
faß the newspapers and many of them
had formed opinions which they ad
mitted could only be removed by
testimony. All who had such opin
ions were promptly challenged by the
Jap's lawyers and were excused by
Ex-Judge Matthews and O. B.
Oroff are defending the Jap and are
making a hard tight for their client.
They take an exception to every ad
verse ruling of the court.
Every jurror presented Is question
ed by the accused's counsel whether
ONE LEGGED POPCORN
MAN WANTS RECEIVER
A. B. Littls, the one-legged popcorn
man. and a number of the members
of the People's church are going to
ask that a receiver be appointed for
the People's church.
MITCHELL AND HERMAN
MAY BE INDICTED AGAIN
(Scrlpps News Association.) land Congressman Hermann nnd Wil*
WASHINGTON. Keb. 24—Attor- Harason of Oregon.
, „ . _ i This procedure Is a possibility lrg
ney Heney and Secret Agent Burns . Qf uttfjhM .„,, Williamson,
are In consultation today with At- ana lt ls B t*ted to be a certainty ha
torney General Moody regarding hay- the case of Hermann, who will be
ing Indictments found tn the District charged with destroying public}
of Columbia against Senator Mitchell records.
(Seripps News Association.)
I BUTLER, Mo., Feb. 24.—The
jury in the case of Charles KraU,
charged with bundling, while a
member of the St. Louis city coun
cil, early this morning returned a
verdict of not utility.
Juror Evilsizer said: "We found
Doyer went oyer the river bank,
down a steep Incline to the river.
The horses escaped injury, but
caved off a considerable amount of
mud. The body of the wagon was
not broken, but loose boards were
left all the way down to the river.
The man was inpured about the
face and bruised all over, but no
other Injuries are thus far known.
737 Euclid avenue.
A few days ago two young merf
went out hunting rabbits two miles
west of Medical Lake. They had
been hunting nearly a day and v
half and had not got anything yet.
All at once one of the guns explod
ed and killed one horse outright.
The next day the poor hunters
tried hard to get another horse,
but could not, so they just started
to foot it.
One of them held the tongue of
of the buggy up while the other
pushed from behind. They got
home safe the rest of the way and
declared they would never go hunt
ing again, not even for money.
L. L. KOBELT,
E sth 2404.
The acldent occurred about 4
block east of the Northern Pacific
While a young boy was riding
horseback along the road near
Sprague avenue the horse fell and
broke his leg. They got a gun and
immediately shot the horse. They
then took it away for burial. The
rider escaped injuries.
Last night about five o'clock, *
man fell from the Monroe street
bridge. He was .Vmocked uncon*
scious, and his nose was broken.
The patrol wagon was called and
the man taken t obis home neat
Highland and Rusk street. He wa»
bleeding quite freely ,and was ban
daged up. His name is unknown,
and he lives in a little shack. - .
C. F. STEWART, '
E 618 3rd Aye.
he belongs to any society or organisa*
tion which is opposed to the Jap*
anese race, and also whether any;
prejudice exists against yellow pee*
Prosecuting Attorney Barnhart Is
assisted in the trial by Deputy A. J,
I,aughnn. who stated the charge
against the Jap to the first 12 jurors
The Jap Is thin, hollow-eyed and
nervous. Ills confinement ln Jail, fol
lowing the sufferings experienced ln
wandering about the country with
out sufficient food or proper shelter,
have told on the accused murderer.
He watches everything going on and
seems to understand fully the points
raised ln the selection of the Jury,
When the court adjourned at noon
10 jurors had been found who are
satisfactory to both the proaecUtioS
and defense, but this number may be)
cut down by peremptory challenges
by either side.
They will allege that Dr. Mclnturff
ls selling hay from the farm that
belongs to the church in order to
raise money to pay off the mortgage
on his home. ' t
for the defendane principally be
cause we did not place much era.
deuce In the testimony ot th*
state's witnesses and because o|
the good reputation given Krata. 4
Circuit Attorney expressed great
surprise and chagrin at the oufr
come of the case.
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 14.—Kitty,
thousand employes of five Bt, Peters
burg factories today again went out
on a strike.
E 1817 First Avenue.