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WEATHER FORECAST: TOM ORB JW, FAIR.
EQUALIZED STATE RATES WILL NOT PROTECT US
Object Lessons on the Great -Advantages Given the
Coast Jobber Through Interstate Terminal Rates
Show Fallacy of Depending Upon a State Railroad
Commission to Preserve Spokane Jobbing Trade
The manufacturer and the merchant—"
The wholesaler and the retailer—
The rich man and the poor man—
The taxpayer and the citizen —
Tlie landlord and the tenant—
This series of stories on the effects of the cam
paign for a railroad commission bill is dedicated.
By William Francis Guion.
What will be tho powers of a state
railroad commission In Washington,
If tlie railroad commission bill goes
1 am asked this question repeated
ly, regardless of the fact that the
measure known as tlie Crane-Dickson
hill, which Is not expected to pass
the senate, defines the powers and
duties of tlie commission, even to tlie
point of tlie initiative.
Many letters have been received
during the past few days bearing
Questions on what the commission
COuld do. Some of them arc based
on common sense and other! verge
Hut through them appears to wind
the one mistaken belief, pounded Into
the people by the politicians nnd tlie
political newspapers, that the com
mission will be all-powerful and thus
be able to do as they please when it
comes to rate making.
This extract from one letter Is a
sample of how tlie people at large
misunderstand the conditions, chiefly
because of the political misrepre
"You say the shippers of Spokane
have to he fnvored by railroads so
• hey can compete wilh tlie coast be
cause the rates are against them.
Now, Isn't thnt Just what a commis
sion Is for. Won't tile railroad com
mission protect the little follow
against the big fellow? Wasn't it
Ooodall and ComstOok who went to
Olympia to defeat tlie bill. Did any
lit He fellow go there?
"Now tf the commission gels to
work can It not say here, when those
goods come to this state we tell you
What the rates are? The minute the
goods reach Spokane can't the com
mission say the rate on those goods
shall be so much to points in the
state up to a middle spot in the state
and when the point Is reached) Hie
rates being more as the haul ls
longer! won't they be so that up to
that middle point Spokane can Ship,
and then from the coast those rates
will be scaled so that up to that
middle point won't the rates be so
the coast man can sell In half tho
"This is what the commission
would have control and would draw a
line which would divide the state
for Spokane and tlie coast to trade
ln. The railroads would have to
charge that rate SS soon as the goods
got into the state. This would give
Spokane and tile coast equal rates."
I overheard this same arguement
used orally yesterday. It demon
strates the manner 111 Which the
question lias been garbled by the
politicians nnd the political news
papers before being handed] out to
On such a line of reasoning the
"little fellow," tiie small merchant,
Is to he benefited nnd protected
Against the "blur fellow." All the
commission has to do is to say to
the railroads: "You must charge
Just so much from the eastern border
of the state to the town In the cen
ter ami so much, or a like amount,
from the coast to that central point."
Hut let me tell you that very
equalization of rates is what would
destroy the Spokane jobbing business.
It would not protect the "little fel
low," by whom, 1 presume, Is meant
the small retailer. And It would de
stroy the big wholesaler*
Let us assume that v railroad com
mission Is In SXlstenCS with the
power to Initiate rates. Let us say
that the commission does follow out
tills argument of tho politicians and
the political Hfwspapsrs and estab
lishes equalizing rales from Spokane
and the coast to gqul-dlstant points
In tlie state.
Take the present dlstrlbutlrg rate
of $1.4 X across the state and cut It
In two. Hay the charge for hauling
from Spokane to Yakima, or We
natchee, from the coast, or Spokane,
shall be 74 cents. Make it lower if
you wish, hut these figures will serve,
The railroad company Is told that
when goods reach the state line they
must be hauled the distance equal to
that from Spokane to Y'nklmu or We
natchee for 74 cents a hundred
The mliroadl Will acquiesce. On
State huuls they can do no less than
obey the commission provided that
commission Is vested with the power
to so order.
On the surface It would look us If
matters were evened up between Se
attle and Spokane, Portland and Spo
kane. To compete for Yakima, or
Wen lichee, business Spokane jobbers
would enjoy the same rate Into those
towns as do the jobbers of Portland
Or Seattle. Therefore, says the sup
porter of Durhamlsm, Spokane will
be placed on an equal basis with tlie
coast shippers at those towns, Witli
this line drawn through the state the
coast shippers can not pass We
natchee or Yakima because the rates
would lie higher on the longer haul
and this would give Spokane the ad
This argument is used repeatedly
to clinch the theory that an equalising
Of rates, a levelling of state tariffs
by the commission, would give ample
protection to Spokane against the
But would it ?
It would, certainly, if that were
all then; would be to the rates
charged, It would if tlie goods origi
nated in Spokane and were not ship
ped to Spokane, or Seattle, from the
eastern manufacturing centers.
Hut Spokane must get her goods
from oilier markets. Those other
markets are beyond tlie confines of
the state of Washington and, there
fore, the goods are shipped under the
Interstate commerce law —with which
the Washington slate commission can
It Is because of this interstate
commerce supervision .this long in
terstate haul—thai an equal division
of rates inside the state would work
Injury to the Spokane jobber.
Because, under the interstate com
merce system of rates for the long
haul, Seattle and Portland are given
the cheaper terminal rate, while Spo
kane is allowed but the local rate.
In oilier words, the rate on first
class goods from eastern points to
Spokane is $4.15. while the rate on
the same goods from the same points
to Seattle Is but '$2.i!7.
This is wrong, you say. It should
not be that goods can he shipped
through Spokane the longer distance
to Seattle for less cost than they
can be shipped to Spokane. It ought
to be remedied, you declare.
Well, can it be remedied? Not, i
say, by any COmmissiton created by
the state of Washington, The state
commission, does not, can not assume
jurisdiction over goods in transit
through tills state when those goods
arc shipped from another state. It Is
interstate commerce business, regu
lated and controlled by federal laws.
It Is as separata and distinct as are
the customs collections from the
The state commission ''an not dic
tate to the railroads what rates they
shall charge on goods hauled from
another state into Washington,
Therefor* the state commission can
not equalize the charge of 14.16, ns a
local freight rate to Spokane, with
the Interstate or terminal rate of
$2.(17 to Seattle.
Now let us figure what, under such
conditions of interstate freight
Charges, would happen If a state com
mission were to equalize the rates
from Spokane to Wenatchee, or Yaki
ma, and from Seattle to those points.
In the first place, you must bear
in mind that the state commission
will hays no control over that rate
of $4.15 to Spokane nnd that rate of
$H.tiT to Seattle. You must not lose
sight of Hie positive tact thai a
state commission can not change
those rates. Only the railroad com'
pany or the Interstate commerce
commission can do that.
Now take the rate of 14.11 on first
class goods from the east to Spo
kane. This is a Axed cost to the
Spokane Jobber which he must pay
to get his goods into Spokane. Then
lie sells those goods to the customer
at Wenatchee, Tha freight to We
natchee, under the equalising of the
commission, Is 71 cents. Add the
$4.l r > to tlie 71 certs, the cost of get
ting the goods Into Spokane and of
shipping them to Wetiatchee, it
gives you a total cost, in buying
goods at Wenatchee through a Spo
kane jobber, of |4.1 las freight
charges, this, of course, being added
to the original cost of manufacture,
Now take th.- same class of goods
In Seattle. These goods cost the S<
attle Jobber, I:: freight charges. $2.67,
the rate based on the longer haul to
a terminal. Add to this |t.<7 the
74 carts the commission bus estab
lish? 1 Dh ihs ruts from Seattle to
The Spokane Press.
Wenatchee, This gives you a total]
freight cost to the Wenatchoe man, j
buying through the Seattle jobber,'
of $3.41, or $1.48 per hundred pounds'
less thgn it would cost him to buy
through the Spokane jobber.
Does that look like an equaliza
tion of the rates? !
You can not get away from these
figures. You may insist that the]
interstate commerce commission]
must raise tlie Seattle rate, or lower
the Spokane rnte, from eastern
points, but It would he a Childish
insistence upon something that is
HI IS 10 NJUf
1 IBi Oil fUlfil
PARIS, Feb. 25.—The decision of the North Sea in
quiry commission was made public this morning. It is
adverse to Russians. The decision states that Rojestven
sky was not justified in firing on the Dogger bank fishing
The opinion was signed by a majority of the commis
sioners, the only dissenting voice was that of Admiral
Doubassof, the Russian member. The commission con
vened at 3:30 this afternoon, when the findings were read
aloud. They consist of thirteen typewritten pages.
Although it is admitted that the Russians had a reason
to take the utmost precautions, the commission holds that
the responsibility for firing and its consequences fell on
It was held that the firing lasted longer than necessary
but that Rojestvensky did his utmost to protect boats
known to be fishing craft. Under the circumstances there
was sufficient uncertainty to justify Rojestvensky in con
tinuing on his way, but they regret that he did not inform
the naval powers, in the channel, of the occurrence.
The commissioners do not reflect on the military valor
of Admiral Rojestvensky and men. They make no state
ment regarding the indemnity, which will be settled by
direct negotiations between England and Russia.
POOLE GETS FIVE YEARS
AND THOUSAND DOLLAR EINE
L. If. Toole, convicted of the de
testable crime of living off the earn-
IngS of a fallen woman, received the '
extreme limited of punishment al
lowed by law in a sentence imposed
by Judge Warren this morning.
The woman, Freda Roberts, who
married Poole last Saturday In a
vain effort to save him from cOnvlc- j
Hon for squandering her earnings,
was not in court when sentence was
lie] Carey Smith made a forcible'
plea for mercy for his client after
having asked for a new trial and
made a motion in arrest of Judgment, !
both motions being denied.
After commanding ths prisoner to
stand up Judge Warren addressed
him as follows:
"A young man of your ability who
has had the advantages you have an-
THREE LIVES ARE LOST IN A
FOUR MILLION DOLLAR FIRE
Flames Sweep Hot Springs, Arkan
sas and Leaves Devastation in
Path —Thousands Are Homeless.
(Scrlpps News Association.)
HOT SPRINGS, Ark., Keb. 25. —A j
lire which I tar tad at 2:30 this morn*
lug threatens tn destroy n greater
portion of the city. At 7 o'clock six
blocks have been swept away hy the
flame*, iXI " o'clock a district a nils
and a half long anil SSVSra] bloc ks
wide was laid low by the ll.lines,
which are still raging unchecked. The
loss so fur is estimated at over
A number of lives have been lost.
Tlie Humes were fanned by a high
wind. TltS Hie department is handi
capped by a lack of water and is
Among the buildings destroyed
are the Plateau hotel. Southern ho
tel, city hall, public school and Meth
SPOKANE, WASHINGTON. SATMDAI. FEBRUARY 25, 1905.
But will not the figures given you
above convince you that no Spokane
Jobber, big or little, wants a state
commission which will level, or
"equalize" state rates?
Will you take note that if the Se
attle jobber can undersell the Spo
kane jobber at Wenatchee, he can go
further and use that $1.48 margin to
undersell the Spokane man in Spo
kane's territory—can, in fact, absorb
that extra "4 cents between Wenat
chee and Spokane, and sell his goods
right here in Spokane for exactly the
same price the local man can quote?
joyed nml yet drop so low as to live
, off the earnings of a fallen woman
would probably not receive any bene
fit from any advice the court might
offer you. If yon had heeded and
j Obeyed the teachings and principles
lof tlie secret orders to which you
have belonged you would not have
I fallen so low as to commit this crime.
i The sentence of the court is that you
he confined at hard labor at Walla
! Walla for the term of five years."
The prisoner trembled and wept
when this severe judgment was pro
After he had been led away it was
discovered that the court had omitted
a line which must lie Imposed with
the Imprisonment, lie was brought
| again before the judge, who added the
/maximum fine of $1000 to the Judg-
I nn nt In the case.
I The darnlsr flats, aforris Drug
company, Gray >M- BOUSley Dry Goods
company, liyrd hotel, Alhambra hotel.
Palmyra hotel, New Llndell hotel,
New St. James house, Hurt house,
Quinn house, s, Igler Rats, CI rand
Windsor hotel, Illinois hotel, Alamo
hotel, Blumsnsteln block. Laugh ran
block and Woodcock Dry Goods com
pany were among the places burned
) Tlie burned district extends a mil.
and a half along QlUtpaW avenue.
Over a hundred business houses and
homes were destroyed. Thousands
arc homeless. So many small hotels
were destroyed that the authorities
fear there has been considerable loss
The tire started In the Grand Cen
tral block. The fire department was
unable to cope with the llames owing
Dwight Frank has Hied a cross
complaint In the suit brought attalnst
him by his. wife, Jennie Frank, for
divorce. The hushnnd says he has
been faithful and never deserted his
wife, hut that she went away from
his home In Fnizer, Nez Perce coun
ty, Idaho, in April, 1903, although he
begged ber to stay with him. He
owns a homestead in Nez Perec coun
ty and says he has paid his wife
for the interest she formerly had
Archie Whitmore, convicted of
burglary committed at the Metropoli
tan hotel on Howard street about
two months ago, was sentenced this
morning by Judge Warren to serve
at hard labor in the Walla Walla
penitentiary for three years.
fScrlpps News Association.)
ST. PETERSBURG, Pel). 25.—
Three strikers at daylight this morn
ing assassinated Kondrntovitch, the
chief of police at Baku, as he was
passing through the streets.
Tlie assassins escaped in a vehicle
which was awaiting them.
The report that the chief of police
at Batoom was assassinated is un
MAC IEOD ROBBED
Burglars entered the house of D.
MacLeod, 1722 Riverside avenue, last
night. They broke through a rear
basement window and, finding the
door leading into the kitchen unlock
ed, they had no difficulty in passing
through the house. They evidently
were looking for money and wanted
They secured $7 ln coin and depart
ed through a rear door, leaving many
handy articles of value undisturbed.
SIDNKY, 0., Feb. 25.—John 11.
Wagner, president of the defunct
Gar man-American bank, was arrested
today, charged with embezzlement.
Frank 1). Read, the Cashier, was ar
rested last night on the same charge.
When the hank failed there was a
shortage of 1240,000.
GRAND JURY CALLED
INDIANAPOLIS, Feb. 25.—Judge
Alford in the criminal court today
announced n special session of the
grand jury to be called Immediately
to take up the legislature bribery
(Scrlpps News Association.)
WASHINGTON, Keb. 25.—0n mo
tion of Senator Hevei idge tlie senate
thin morning sent the statehood bill
to a conference as requested by the
to a Strong wind. The First Mctho
dim church than caught Bra and
the Imm'H spu.ui to tite raaidance
district on tha wont,
Many business houses In Contra]
a yon aa were dynamited In order to
■gva the north end of the city.
Many residents art taking refuge
west nf the mountains to escape the
The fire Is now tinder control.
The bodies of two men and one
woman, burned beyond recognition,
have Wen tak' n from the ruins. Fire
men mc searching for more bod lea
All Ihe leading hotels have thrown
open their doors to Ihe sufferers.
Fifty prisoners were removed from
the hastlle In the courthouse to the
new jail The courthouse We I soon
destroyed. The government troops
and poMGS cordoned thS devastated
At 1:10 the Ore Is stll raging In
the residence district.
It is estimated that -'5 business
houses and 100 homes were destroyed
About too people are homeless.
A man whose Clothing bore the
laundry mark of 11. A. 11. was burned
PLANS ARE "BUSTED"
Radical Changes Offered By Commiss*
ion Engineers to Give the North Side
and Lidgerwood Ample Service
In full view of hundreds of people.
He was caught In the flames from
two buildings on Orange street. Sev
eral narrow escapes also occurred in
the Grand Central hotel. Every house
On Market street between Central and
Prospect avenues was destroyed. Be
ginning at the Columbia hotel, the
fire swept Oak street almost clean
to Grand avenue, only one block In
the path of the tire being spared.
The mayor has requested tlie citi
zens to throw open their homes to
Aside from the three bodies report
ed found In the ruins of tlie Grand
Central hotel no lives are known to
have been lost.
The burned area comprises about
one fiftieth of the city and was occu
pied almost entirely by the poorer
The burned district covers about
one square mile.
fßcrippS Newf» Association.)
CHICAGO, Feb. 25—Judge Edward
K. Dunne was this afternoon nominat
ed for mayor on the democratic
IS A FELONY
(Scripps News Association.)
ST. LOKIS, Mil, Keb. 25.—The
house today repealed the breeders'
law licensing bookmaking and pool-
Belling on horses. A bill making It a
felony to bet on laces or engage in
bookmaking was then Introduced.
(Scrlpps News Association )
CHICAGO, Keb. 25—In a pistol
battle with two holdup men at Schil
ter nnd Wells streeets early this
morning Detectives Trip pand Nape
Were fatally wounded.
One of the men is Thomas Ryan,
who claims to be from San Fran
cisco. Ryan's partner escaped.
(Scrlpps News Association.)
LINCOLN, Nell., Feb. 25. -The su
preme court today issued v mu'.date
fo r the Omaha district court to order
the extradition of Tom Denison, the
noted Omaha policy king and political
boss, to lowa for trial for complicity
in the famous Pollock diamond rob
bery, for which Frank Bhercllffs serv
ed a term in the penitentiary,
LONG CHASE ENDS
IN MURPHIES ARREST
J IV Murphy, wanted by the sher
iff of Spokane county on a charge of
obtaining money and property by
means of false and fraudulent repre
sentations, has been a: rested at
Pendleton, Ore., ami will be brought
to Spokane for trial.
liUrph) formerly resided it Free
man, in this county, when he was
employed in brink making, lie is de
scribed as being a very "Smooth" and
convincing talker, lie succeeded ln
procuring money ami p.operly of the
value of $136 50 from C P. Thomas,
a merchant at I'lcoiiiun, and then left
town without notifying tlie merchant
where he was going.
a warrant was inrush 1 for Murphy's
arrest early hist June and since that
time he has been tracked from place
to place, as the correspondence in
the i-hcriff'H ottice shttWlh OUI he al
wuys managed to eauupe the oltlcu.b
THIRD YEAR. NO. 95. PRICE: ONE CENT
"With tlio water meters eliminated, the water commis
sion plans, which the Spokesman-Review and the Chroni
cle declared could not and must not be changed, were
knocked galley west yesterday afternoon. The changes
proposed ar in line with those offered by City Engineer
(Jill. They have been accepted by Professor Waller ami
Otto Weile of the water commission.
It is as has been contended by The Press all along.
The water commission plan, without water meters, was
n oplan at all. Jt could not supply the city. Therefor it
should not be adopted.
There was nothing personal in this contention. All
due respect was and is accorded Professor Waller and Otto
Weile as engineers and gentlemen. But with water meters,
which the people would not have, taken out of the plan,
it was an empty shell which served only to bolster up the
water meter gang for a moment in that bitter defeat.
Now that the engineers have gotten together alone and
not bothered with the pulling and hauling of the water
meter gang, a practical plan is in sight.
The meeting of the engineers with the city council yes
terday forenoon resulted in nothing definite. Hut after
the meeting, in the afternoon, the engineers got together
alone —and they accomplished something.
Engineer (Jill's plan was not touched. Instead the
plan of the commission was gone over and when that was
done it was time to adjourn. Because of this only the
only plan has been gone over as yet. City Engineer Gill's
plan will be taken up next Friday. i
In the water commission plan yesterday, the mos€
radical changes made—and agreed to —was the installa
tion of additional pumping capacity to supply 10,fM)0,0<)0
gallons more water.
ALSO DIRECT PRESSURE MAINS ARE TO LEAD
FROM THE ABANDONED 24 INCH MAIN TO GO
THROUGH THE SCHOOL SECTION TO THE NORTH
SIDE AND LIDGERWOOD.
The Lidgerwood kickers will get something after all.
The water commission plan as changed provides for an
entirely new system on the north side to provide amplo
water. This was lacking in the old plan of the water com
The plan of City Engineer (Jill has not been amalgam
ated other than to provide this noth side service.
Hut at the next meeting it will be the city engineer's
turn to prove his plans.
From these two will be taken the plan to provide
ample water supply. The engineers have settled down to
work in earnest and the plan of supplying the most wateu
at the least cost is to be adopted.
The water commission plan, as rearranged, shows a
cost of over $500,000 and amounting to nearly $('>(l0,(M)0,
if steel mains are used. "With wooden mains the plan esti
mates a cost of something over $400,000.
Engineer (Jill's plan is $100,000 below the wooden maim
plan and provides steel mains, llis only additional ex
pense is the cost of the site, which cost may be saved in the
lopping off of incidentals.
The city engineer's plan still embodies the Lidgerwood
standpipe. This will remain in that plan.
'flic only other dispute is over the Cliff Park and StagO
sites. It is a question of which can be operated the cheap
The Stage site plan is still shown to be the most ex
pensive to operate.
There is little danger of a disagreement between tho
engineers now as to the plans. The only disagreement is
likely tn he on details of locations which the council wilt
In- able to solve when the comparative figures are pro
Tlie long drawn out meter fight and water fight is
The people, arrayed against the Spokesman Reviewi
and the water meter gang, are about to win.
until the sheriff at Fendleton secured ■
Murphy docs not deny his Identity. |
Ut consented to talk with iHrputy '
Sheriff Uoust ov.-r the long distance
telephone IstiS murnliig and listened
to IbS PSSdlug Of the warrant which
the sheriff has been endeavoring so
|OD| to servec. He expressed a de
sire to talk with Thomas, who pro
cured the warrant.
Murphy told the sheriff that he
w. old not consent to return to S|>o-
K.me wltlioiit extradition proceeding*.
Under (lie law (he sheriff at lYmllc-
I ton Mm only hold the prisoner 34
hours on a warrant Issued In Sliolhee
state, but he can hold him as a fugl-
I live from justice until extradition
proceedings ate had before the do v
lernw of Oregon. He will then Lis
I surrendered to the authorities here.
MILV.vrKF.i;, Wis., Feb. 25. - Tha
bowlers have decided to hold their
l»»7 meeting In New York.