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WEDNESDAY UOBNINd, JUNE 15, 1864.
R. A. CASBID V, Editor and Publisher.
AMY M. BRADLEY, - - - Proprietor.
OUR VOLUNTEER AGENTS.
The following persons are announced as our agents
at the places standing in connection with their names,
and are authorized to receive subscriptions and con
tributions for The Soldiers' Jojrnal :
Miss Amy M. llomans, East Vassalboro', Maine.
Miss Mary P. Locke, Charlestown, Mass.
Mr. W. M. Mkllen, Boston, Mass.
Mr. G. T. Crawford, Camp Agent.
We still invite the co-operation of our friends every
where, to increase the circulation and influence of our
Contributions, Intended for publication, must be
accompanied by the name of the author to Insure in
Advertising.—A limited amount of advertising In
serted at ten for the first and five cents per line for each
subsequent publication. The cash must accompany
All Communications, and other mall matter, in
tended for The Soldiers' Journal (except such as
Is prepared in this camp) should be addressed to 244, F
Street, Washington, D.C. No notice taken of commu
nications unaccompanied by the name of the author.
"THE SOLDIERS' JOURNAL,"
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY AT
RENDEZVOUS OP DISTRIBUTION, VA,
CONVALESCENT CAMP, VA.
At the subscription price of $3,00 per annum,
payable always in advance. Single copies
Five Cents each.
The proceeds resulting from its sale to be devot
ed to a fund for the maintenance of the or
phans of soldiers who have fallen, or
may yet fall, in defence of the
cause of the Union
Its primary objects will bo to promote the interests I
of the soldier in the ranks. To this end it will contain I
all necessary information as to the methods of keep- |
Ing in good order their accounts with the Government.
The soldier in hospital will find in our columns In
structions how to procure pay and clothing when en
titled to it; what are the requisites exacted by the
Government when furloughs are granted; and dis
charged soldiers will be put in the way of procuring
prompt settlements of their accounts without the In
terference of claim agents.
Aside from this THE SOLDIERS' JOURNAL will
contain interesting orfginaland selected reading mat- I
ter. It Is the intentfon of those engaged in its publi
cation to make fts pages lively and readable, and it is
believed that the varied talent pledged to its support
will enable it to take at least a respectable rank
among the journals of the country.
Rendezvous of Distribution.
The first and second numbers of the Journal
contained an elaborate history of the organiza
tion and operations of Convalescent Camp, and
we this week present reports of the Second Divi
sion, Deserters' and Ordinance Departments
from which a clear insight can be obtained into
the manner in which the business of the camp is
being conducted at Rendezvous of Distribution.
No one who reads these reports can fail to see
the importance of a camp of this kind, and how
essential to the general service that its business
should be conducted with energy and *percision.
The reports exhibiting in detail the manner of
receiving and forwarding men, we deem it un
necessary to do more than call the attention of
our readers to the subject and recommend a care
ful perusal of these documents. These presenta
tions of plain figures and plainly expressed facts
are more potent arguments in vindication of the
Bp authorities than any eulogistic ondorse
t we can give them editorially.
' a meeting of the citizens of Montreal, on
ith inst., resolutions of respect to the memo
f the late Joshua R. Giddings were adopted. I
Official Corruption Rebuked.
The government of the United States justly
boasts that no other nation so plenteously pro
vides for her soldiers as she does, and not only are
her provisions for the soldiers' comfort abundant,
but of the very best quality. The ration issued
is more than any man can consume, and the
apportionment of clothes is such that a soldier,
with an ordinary degree of care, can save one
fourth of his yearly allowance. When the sol
dier fails of receiving, in quantity and quality,
as much and even more than he is able to care
fully expend, it must be the result of accidents,
I which under some circumstances are unavoida
ble, or infidelity on the part of the officers to
whom the government has confided the disburs
ment of its supplies.
That corruption exists, and has been practiced,
there is no doubt, but whenever its author is dis
covered his immediate exposition and punish
ment have followed. Several persons, who oc
cupied positions of the highest trust and respon
sibility, have been detected in their fraudulent
practices, and the government has been swift in
bringing them to justice; but the last, and, pro
bably, most audacious and extensive instance of
official corruption has been brought to light in
the past few weeks, and its author, one Solomon
Kohnstamm, of New York City, subjected to a
penalty that will carry dismay to the hearts of
all evil doers. This scoundrel Kohnstamm, oc
cupying a high social position, and enjoying the
most implicit confidence of the public and gov-
I succeeded by means of forged papers,
ding the government out of about three
thousand dollars, and when detected
>on his natural adroitness, immense
nd hitherto unsullied private charac
ricate him from the difficulty, but he
overed that neither his native shrewd
ney or social position would avail to
m from the penalty of the law which he
resumptuously violated. The following
from tho Washington Chronicle of the
fully explains the nature of his crime
it disposition has been made of the cul
riminal was a man of wealth ; he had,
, apparently no inducement to his crime,
aded his government of enormous sums,
I papers, at a time when every patriotic
should have prompted him to deal fair
n overburdened treasury. He used his
sition to corrupt employees, whom, as
t patriot, he should have encouraged to
y. His frauds were mainly connected
supplies furnished his country's defen
en they were ( being hurried forward to
al of the nation, to put down the armed
c of traitors. Even after the various
nts were brought against him, heimpu
ilculated on his escape, fancying that
ies of the law Avere like cobwebs, only
for minor criminals, while the great
i could break through; and when as
by the verdict, he sought to escape its
legal subterfuges and evasive technical
it in vain. With all the outcry raised
rruption, it is not a safe thing to defraud
rnment. Justice has not been less sure
se because delayed on the indictment of
ohnstamm is found guilty. (There are
mging over his head.) This culprit has
fenced, by Judge Nelson, to ten years
iment, at hard labor, in Sing Sing."
be hoped that the example which the
ent has thus made of this man, will
lalutory lesson to such as may now be
in, or may contemplate the perpetration
, ■ » ■
hmond Paver of the 7th says that " the
ate Treasury, for the first time, has no
Important to Friends of Deceased Sol
I have in asking permission to give through
your columns, which have always been open for
the benefit of the brave dead, an object which
proves advantageous to claimants. The proper
way is to make applicacion to the Second Audi
tor, who has always been desirous of extending
every facility and encouragement to the poor
widow, mothers, and orphans of applying direct
ly to the office, so that they may save the largo
percentage which some are daily paying to at
torneys and agents, to whom the Second Auditor
gives no encouragement whatsoever.
The applications must be made to the Hon. E.
B. French, Second Auditor, Washington, D. C,
and in all cases post-paid, and he will, on receiv
ing a letter from the claimant, send the neces
sary blanks and instructions how to fill them up,
<fee, and such is his determination to assist those
who give the required evidence of their relation
ship (which entitles his attention) to receive th*
claim. Butto agents he will not give any blanks.
In order that Mr. French may decide who is
the proper person, the latter must give the near
est survivor-in-law, and he, she, or they should
make the application; as: First, widow; second,
children, collectively (if minors, by guardian) ;
third, father (if a fit person, but if dr un ken or
otherwise unworthy of trust, then mother in his
stead); fourth, mother ; fifth, brother; and sis
ters collectively ; sixth, next nearest relatives or
heirs, by executors or administrators. Thu
bounty will not be paid to any representatives
below the second degree (children,) unless resi
dent of the United States, Neither will bounty
be paid on the will of deceased.
If tho applicant is not the proper person the
auditor will send word to that effect, and at the
same time indicating which of the relatives
named by the applicant is. On the return of"
blanks before mentioned, they are filed away in
their regular order with those of the same State,
and settlement will be made in order of date of
Much has been said about the delay and the
complicated routine which a person has to go
through in order to accomplish the desired end.
Let us examine in detail.
Soldiers are intended to be paid once every two
months. If living they are paid promptly, and,
in many instances he is overpaid. The Govern
ment holds the paymaster responsible; and he
looks to the soldier, if living, when he goes to
pay him again; if dead, he orders so much
stopped against his representatives.
This is noted upon the pay-roll, and it has to
be examined into before such applications are
replied to with necessary blanks and instruc
tions, which cause necessarily delay. Then very
often death occurs in some military hospital,
when it becomes the duty of the surgeon to noti
fy the regiment he belongs to. This is put upon
the muster-roll, and if it is delayed it goes over
until the next two months which causes delay.
Then, again, the paymaster has allowed to him
two months to make up his pay roll, a month
to report to the paymaster general's office, one
month is allowed in that office, as it takes from
six (6) to eight (8) months before they reach the
Second Auditor's office, which is absolutely ne
But many say that it is from one to two years
before they are attended to, and I reply to that,
in tho beginning of the rebellion every depart
ment was inadequate to discharge its natural
functions, which, of course, left the accumula
tion of work on hand. Room was not sufficient,
clerks were not sufficiently SKilled, and were un
der many such disavantages. Mr. French has
at last met the natural increase of work with a
skilful and competent force, and is gradually al
leviating the trouble which he was compelled
to meet in a state of chaos, and has, at last, as
signed each one his duty, and made one of the
best branches under Secretary Chase.
I have heard some say that there was consid
erable favoritism towards some claimants to
the disadvantages of others, and I am authorized
to state that since Mr. French took his place as
chief of the Second Auditor of the Treasury De
partment, there has never a single instance of
the kind transpired in the office. Wait patient
ly your turn, and I am sure Mr. French will
avail himself of every benefit subject to his con
trol for your advantage.— Cor. Wash. Chronicle.