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The City of Richmond.
Richmond by the last census, had a popula
tion of 38,000 souls, but the great influx of civil
and military officers and refugees from other
parts of the State has probably raised it to a
much higher figure. It is situated at the head
of tide-water, at the lower falls of James river,
about 150 miles from its mouth. The city occu
pies a most picturesque situation, being built on
Richmond and Shockoe hills, which are separ
ated by Shockoe Creek, and surrounded by
beautiful scenery. It is regularly laid out and
well built, the streets, which are lighted with
gas, crossing each other at right angles.
On Shockoo Hill are the State Capital and
other public buildings. The Capitol is an im
posing edifice, and contains in its central hall
Houden's celebrated statue of Washington. On
the east of the square is the Governor's mansion.
Jeff Davis' residence is a private mansion, which
was purchased for him by the rebel Govern
ment. The city has many fine public buildings,
six banks, thirteen newspapers, and twenty
three churches. In one of the three Presby
terian churches, Jeff. Davis worships.
The falls of James river afford immense water
power, and there are very extensive factories, in
cluding four cotton and about fifty tobacco fac
tories, flour mills, rolling mills, forges, furnaces,
machine shops, &c, the latter of which, and
particularly the Tredegar Iron Works, have been
of immense service to the rebels in turning out
ordnance and material of war. The annual ex
ports of Richmond before the rebellion reached
nearly $7,000,000, and its import $750,000.
But since it had the honor of being the rebel
capital, its foreign commmerce has been extin
guished. Vessels or gunboats drawing ton feet
of water can ascend to within a mile of the city
at a place called the Rockets. Vessels drawing
fifteen feet ascend as far as Warwick, three miles
below. A canal has been built around the falls,
and above them there is navigation for two
hundred miles. The James River and Kanawha
Canal, intended to extend to Covington, is com
pleted for two hundred miles.
Richmond has very extensive railroad com
munications, being the terminus of five roads
running to Fredericksburg and the Potomac, to
West Point and the York river, Petersburg and
Norfolk, to Danville, Va., to Jackson's river, by
the Central railroad—and from these the connec
tions lead all through the Southern States. Op
posite the city are the two towns of Spring Hill
Richmond was founded in 1742 and became the
capital of the State of Virginia in 1773, and in
June, 1861, it was made the seat of government
of the " Confederate States of America," whose
Congress assembled there on July 20. Its histo
ry since then is only too familiar to the country.
Around the city are various hills, extending a
great distance, on the most important of which
fortifications were erected in the days of the " On
to Richmond" cry.
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Three boxes, said to contain "eggs," were
seized on a steamer at St. Louis the other day.—
On the boxes being opened the "eggs" were
found to be 204 (pounds) cans rifle powder ten
thousand gun caps and three bags of shot. These
articles were packed in boxes, and covered with
layers of eggs. They were destined for Mem
phis and thence to the rebel lines. The person
in charge was arrested.
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A Prayer.—O Lord, protect U. S. Grant U. S.
A., Conqueror 1—(O. Lord, protect us ! Grant us
A Hospital Incident.—The closing moments
of an officer of the Pennsylvania Reserves, who
was wounded in one of the late battles in Virgi
nia, and died soon after being conveyed to Doug
las Hospital, Washington, is thus graphically
described by the " Stelle Penne " correspondent
of tho Delaware county (Pa.,) American :
"The other day I was called to see a Lieut, of
the First Reserves who had just arrived at Doug
las Hospital. I had known him since he was a
lad, and accordingly I hastened thither. He had
boon struck by a grape shot, and wiw fearfully
mangled, yet he hoped that with health and
youth in his favor he might survive. I saw that
his hopes were groundless and sent for his sis
ters to come on without delay. They did so,
and their arrival seemed to work wonders, and
I then dared to hope for him. During the two
subsequent days I saw him three or four times
and I can't forget tho earnestness of his manner
as he expressed his desire to live for iiis mother's
The circumstances of his being wounded wore
these. In one of those desperate charges which
our mon have so often made to drive the foe from i
his strong positions, as he was leading his com
pany up the height, just as victory had rewarded
their courage, and the men upon the brenst
worbs, he received the terrible wound of which he
was dying, and falling into the arms of his men
asked to be held up to see the end of the charge.
About an hour before his death he became deli
rious, and his mind went back to the last battle.
He forgot his situation, his sisters, everything
but the fight. He raised himself on his elbow
and a lustre like health came back into his eye,
He was aeain on the field at the head of his com
pany, and he was fighting the battle of that
dreadful night over a«yain. He spoke to and
cheered his mon, called them by name, praised
them for valor, or < hided them for tardiness, and
his face glowed with all the excitement of the
fight, and just as he had won, the sin! tore
through his quivering flesh, and with the words
" hold me up to tigL';," he foil back on his pillow
dead. He had fought his fir ht and the
illusion was greater than the reality, for his im
aginary wound had killed him."
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A Gloomy Picture. —The following melan
choly picture of the condition of the rebel me
tropolis is taken from the Richmond Examiner,
of the 20th ult. It portrays a depth of despon
dency w r hich none other than cities as deeply
steeped in guilt and poverty as those of tho now
rapidly dissolving confederacy could betray:—
"Grand, gloomy, peculiar, and unruffled as
the bosom of Jehovah, after a simoon, tho city
continued on yesterday to demonstrate its pla
cidity under the difficulties inflicted on its pa
tience by the powers that be. The stores remain
ed shut up. Male and female institutions of
learning, whose tutors could bear muskets, re
mained closed. The families of poor militiamen
continued to minglo anathemas and tears with
their borrowed crusts. The markets presented
a miserable array of "something to eat," and
the extortioners, out of the service, continued to
swell their profits, and bless the wisdom of those
in authority. Vicksburg, bombarded in front
and rear, cut off from all the world, and lan
guishing under her secret trials, presented no
such sepulchral picture as Richmond does to
day. The people have grown sick of the wrongs
inflicted upon them within the brief space of a
few weeks, and be sure that they will treasure
Tobacco vs. Butter. —The following was
posted in his house, a few days since, by a
" Headquarters, House of
"General Order, No. I.—Julia: Until the
price falls, no more butter will be used in our
He had hardly reached his counting house
when a special messenger handed him this:
" James : —Until butter is reinstated, no more
tobacco will bo used in this house.
Julia, Chief of Staff."
It is said that butter won. I
Beautiful Swiss Custom.—The horn of the
Alps is employed in the mountainous districts of
Switzerland, not solely to sound the call-call,
(Kuhreibu Ranz-dez Vaches) but for another
purpose, solemn and religious. As soon as the
sun has disappeared in tho valleys, and its last
rays are just glimmering on the snowy summit
of the mountains, then the herdsman who dwells
on tlii loftiest, takes his horn and trumpets forth
"Praise God the Lord!" All the herdsmen in
the neighborhood, on hearing this come out of
their huts, take their horns, and repeat the words.
This often continues for a quarter of an hour,
whilst on all sides the mountains echo the name
of God. A profound and solemn stillness fol
lows; every individual offers his secret prayer
on bended knees and uncovered head. By this
j time it is quite dark. "Good night!" trumpets
forth the hermit on the loftiest summit. "Good
night!" is repeated on all the mountains from
the horns of the herdsmen and the clefts of the
rocks. Then each one lays himself down to rest.
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The Commissary General of Prisoners has
received from the rebel authorities at Richmond,
a report of deaths of Union prisoners which oc
curred in the prisons and hospitals at Columbus,
Georgia, from the 27th of February to the 31st of
March. In a little over one month there was no
less than three hundred and seventy deaths.
Reason and truth should be more regarded
than public opinion.
JMldUr*' JHwtortj far Wwhrnqton.
Lodge No. 4, 389 II street, between Thirteenth and
Fourt. en ill streets.
The " Home," JM North Capitol street, one square
Paymaster General, 211 F street, near Fifteenth st.
Transportation Office, 209 G street, above Eighteen th
Commutation of nations, 459 C street, noar Balti
more and (/.io Railroad Depot."
Order tor Transportation for Discharged Men at 132
Pennsylvania Avenue, four doors above Nineteenth
Second Auditor, Winder's Building, Seventeenth
and F streets.
Adjutant General's Office, near Depot, corner of I
DISCHARGE PAY OFFICE,
Mo. 389 II St. Worth, Near lSth St. West,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
AT THIS OFFICE ALL ENLISTED VOLUNTEERS
Discharged from the U. 8. Army make a final set
tlement of their accounts, whether discharged to ac
cept promotion, re-enlist as Veteran Volunteers, or on
account of Disability.
All Soldiers having business at this office are ear
nestly requested to present their claims personally,
and not put them into the hands of claim auents, as
they are attended to promptly and always take prece
dence to claims presented by those agents.
Mai. D. TAYLOR,
March 16,1864.] Paymaster U. S. A., in Charge,
Omnibas Line Between Washington
and Camp Distribution*
I WILL START AN OMNIBUS LINE RUNNING
from Washington to Camp Distribution, o» Mon
day, May 23,1804. Fare each way Fifty Cents.
Leave Washington at 8 and 2 o'clock, starting from
Pennsylvania Hotel, Pennsylvania Avenue and 3d
street, via Pennsylvania Avenue, Willaril's Hotel and
14th street, Leaves Camp Distribution at 11 and 5
o'clock. GABRIEL I. CAM : 3BLL,
IMIF SOLDIERS' LITERARY DEBATINgI*OCIE
. TV meets every SATURDAY at 2 o'clock P. M., at
the Chapel ot the Christian Commission.
All wtto desire to take part in this profitable means
ot self-culture are invited to call at the Library of the
Christian Commission and subscribe to the Constitu
tion and By-Laws. All soldiers and ladies and gentle
men visitors are cordially invited to attend.
Is held in the Hospital Dining Room every Sun
day at 2 o'clock, P. M. Soldiers in the hospital and
camp aro respectfully invited to attend.
NORMAN W. CAMP, D. D., Chaplain.