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were about 12,000 on each side. The Americans
lost 200 killed and wounded, the British about
300. In the battle of the Brandywine, Washing
ton had about 11,000 effective men. Lord Howe
About 18,000. Tlie British lost about 600 killed
and wounded. The American loss was greater,
but no exact returns were ever made. At Sara
toga, perhaps the most decisive battle of the Rev
olution, our force was 12,000, militia and regulars,
and Burgoyne's not more than 6,000. At Cam
den, Cornwallis, with a little more than 2,000
regulars, miscellaneous force bf 6,000.
We lost 900 killed and as many prisoners; the
British lost in all, 825. In tbe Revolutionary
siege of Yorktown, the Americans and French
were 10,000, the British 8900. During the siege
our loss was about 300 killed and wounded, the
British about 550.
Of all these contests, thoseof Marathon, Arbela,
Piirtowa, Blenheim,, Waterloo and Saratoga are
ranked by Professor Creasy as among "the de
cisive battles of the world."
ii i m
Thk Dkad Pickkt.—On the field, on tho left
near Tilton, where our cavalry engaged the en
emy, a beautiful garden, clothed in all the love
liness that rare plants and Southern flowers
could give it, attracted my attention and I was
drawn to it. The house had been deserted by
Jts owners, and the smiling magnolias and the
roses seemed to stand guard over the premises.
J entered through an open gate, stooped to pluck
a rose from the bush, when I discovered one of
the enemy's picket's lying partially covered by
tlie grass and bushes, dead. He was a noble
looking man, and upon his countenance there
seemed to rest the remnant of a smile.
The right hand clasped a rose, which he was
in the act of severing from its stem when he re
ceived the messenger of death. In the afternoon,
the cavalry dug a narrow grave, and, with Fed
eral soldiers for pall bearers, and the beautiful
flowers for mourners, he was laid to rest, the
rose still clasped in his stiffened hand. Noth
ing was found to identify him, and in that lone
ly grave, his life's history lies entombed. No
sister's tears will baptize the grave among the
roses where the dead picket fell.— Letter from
— m m mi
Thk world is filled with horror at the carnage
of battle fields, of which ours are the most
bloody. This year the fighting commenced late,
but already more than a hundred thousand men
have been killed or wounded severely on our
battle fields. And it should be remembered that
the killed and wounded are only a portion of the
losses. All the time, hardships and exposures,
wasting fevers and rheumatic pains have been
doing their work, and one after another the men
have b< en going to tbe hospitals, and thence to
the grave; or being discharged have come home
to die among their friends. The correspondent
of the Chicago Journal writes that of 1026 who
have been burried in the Soldiers' Rest at Chat
tanooga, 167 had written against their names
"killed in battle," and 378 " died from wounds;"
while 481, in the same time—from November 24th
to May 14th—died from disease. If to these were
added the discharged on account of diseases
from which they will never recover, it would
be found that not more than two fifths of the
losses are on the battle fields.
— i ■— i
. An army chaplain, preaching to his soldiers,
exclaimed: "If Cb>d is with us, who can be
against us?" ."Jeff. Bavis and the devil I"
promptly exclaimed one of the boys.
The Way to Nullify a Bad Lease.
There is a shrewd and wary old landlord
away 4own in Maine, who is noted for driving
his "sliarp bargains," by which he has amassed
a largo amount of properly. lie is Hie owner of
a large number of dwelling houses,and it is said
of him that he is not over scrupulous of his ren
tal charges, whenever he can find a customer
whom he knows to be responsible. His object is
to lease his house lor a term of years to tlie best
tenants, and get the uppermost farthing in the
shape of rent.
1 A diminutive Frenchman called on him last
winter, to hire a dwelling he owned in Portland,
' and which had long remained empty. Referen
! ces were given, and the landlord, ascertaining
that the tenant was a man " after his own heart,"
immediately commenced to "jew " him. He
found that the tenement appeared to suit the
Frenchman, and he placed an exhorbitant price
upon it; the leases were drawn and duly exe
cuted and the tenant removed into his quarters.
Upon kindling tires in the house,*! t was found
that the chimney wouldn't "draw," and the
building was filled with smoke. The window
sashes rattled in the wind at night, and the cold
air rushed in through a hundred crevices about
the house until now unnoticed. The snow melt
ed upon the roof, and the attics were drenched
from leakage. The rain pelted, and our French
man found a "natural" bath room upon the
second floor—but the lease was signed and the
" I have been vat you call 'suck in,' vis zis
dam maison," muttered our victim to himself, a
week afterwards, " but n'inporte ye sal see vat ye
Next morning he arose bright and early,
and passing down, he encountered tho land
" Ah, ah !— Box jour, Monsieur,"" said he in his
I happiest manner.
I " Good day, sir. How do you like your
"Ah! monsieur—elegant, beautiful, magnif
< icent. Eh bicn, monsieur, I have but ze one re
"Ah! what is that?"
" Monsieur, I sal live in zat home but tree lit
" How so?"
" I have found by vot you call ze lease, zat you
have give me ze house but for tree year, and I
ver much sorrow for zat."
" But you can have it longer of you wish."
" Ah, monsieur, sal be ver mooch glad, if I can
have zat house so long as I please —eh, mon
" Oh, certainly, certainly, sir."
" Tres bien, monsieur, T sal valk rite to your
office, and you sal give me vot you call ze lease
for that maison ies so long as I sal vant ze house.
" Certainly, sir. You can stay there your life
time, if you like."
i " Ah, mmsieur, I have ver mooch thanks for
' The old lease was destroyed and anew one was
I delivered in form to the French gentleman, giv
i ing him possession of the premises for "such
period as the lessee may desire the same, hopay
• ing the rent promptly," Ac.
The noxt morning our crafty landlord was
passing the house just as the Frenchman's last
load of furniture was being started from the
door; an hour afterwards, a messenger Called on
him with a legal tender for the rent for. eight
days, accompanyed with a note as follows:—
" Monsijvr:—l have bin t moke—l have bin
dronned—l have bin frees to death in ze house
vat I hire of you for ze period as I may desire.
I have stay in ze dam house jes so long an I please,
and ze bearer of zis will give you cc key 1 Bon
It is needless to add that our landlord has
never since been kin wn te give up " a bird in
the hand for one in the bush."
■■a* «• <—■
A MATTf.R-OF-l'AtT Soi.dikb.—Many years
ago, while crossing the plains to Sante Fee, Gen.
Kearney was some distance ahead with the ad
van<*e guard. One of the officers belonging to
the rear division singled Bob out and sent him
ahead with a letter to the General. When he
ei-me np with th<m they had camped, and Bob
sauntered into the General's marque.
" We're gittin' along right sharp, General,"
" Yes, sir," answered the commander.
" I wish you'd .jist look at that boss o' mine,
Gen'ral, and give me your 'pinion how he'll
stand the racket clear through to where we're
" Have you a Captain at the head of your com
pany?" inquired the General.
"Wall, we have, boss, and he's some pump
kins, too," answered Bob.
" Whenever you wish to learn anything in re
gard to your movements, then," said the Gener
al, " inquire of him."
" That's military, is it?" inquired Bob,
"That is military, sir," answered the General.
" Well, General, they gin me a letter for you,
but cuss me if I know whether I oughter give
it to you in pusson, or send it through your or
derly, so I'll go back and ask the cap'n," and back
he went, sure enough, with the letter in his pos
session, leaving Kearney speechless with aston
An Ankcdote of Gen. Scott.—Tlie following
capital anecdote of our veteran warrior we copy
from an old number of Harper's Monthly. The
General's suggestion in reference to the inscrip
tion might, with great propriety, be adopted at
this day, when sword sword presentations are so
" After the Mexican war I met General Scott in
Gelston's jewelry store, then occnpyiyg the Ves
sey Street corner of the Astor House. Advan
cing toward him, I inquired, with a bow,' Ge
neral Scott, I believe?'
"'Yes, Sir.' .".
" ' I had the honor, Sir, of designing and exe
cuting the instructions of the State of Lousiana
in getting up the sword of honor presented
through their Legislature; and Mroiuld be grati
fied to learn how its design met your views as a
work of art.'" ■'.:,',
"The General, assuming his majestic bearing,
"'Admirable, Sir—admirable. Er-h—er-h!
There was a slight mistake, Sir—a slight mis
"'Ah! and wherein, General?'.'..
" ' The inscription, Sir! On the blade, not on
the scabbard. The scabbard may be taken from
us; the blade— never/
The sword cost five hundred dollars, the chief
expenditure being on the seabbnrd."
Jacob Straun Princk, of Illinois, a farmer of
Jacksonville, has ofiered to contribute $10,000 to
the Christian Commission, provided $10,000 more
can lie obtained in 'Morgan county, where he re
sides. The challenge has been accepted and the
amount will doubtless be raised.