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C|e JjfoMtrs' §mmtaL
WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOV. 2,1864.
THOS. V. COOPER, - - - Editor and Publisher.
AMY M. BRADLEY, Proprietor.
OUR VOLUNTEER AGENTS.
The following persons are announced as our agents
at the places standing in connection with their names,
and are authorized to receive subscriptions and con
tributions for The Soldiers' Journal :
Miss Amy M. Homans, East Vassalboro', Maine.
Miss Mary P. Locke, Charlestown, Mass.
Mb. O. T. Crawford, Camp Agent.
We still invite the co-operation of our friends every
where, to increase the circulation and influence of our
Contributions, Intended for publication, must be
accompanied by the name of the author to insure in
Advertising.—A limited amount of advertising in
derted at ten for the first and five cents per line for each
subsequent publication. The cash must accompany
All Communications, and other mall matter, in
tended for The Soldiers' Journal (except such as
Is prepared In this camp) should be addressed to 244, F
Street, Washington, D.C. No notice taken of commu
nications unaccompanied by the name of the author.
"THE SOLDIERS' JOURNAL,"
"PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY AT
RENDEZVOUS OP DISTRIBUTION, VA.,
CONVALESCENT CAMP, VA.
\t the subscription price of $9,00 per annum,
payable always in advance. Single copies
ITive Cents each.
The proceeds resulting from its sale to be devot
ed to a fund for the maintenance of the or
phans of soldiers who have fallen ,or
may yet fall, in defence of the
cause of the Union
Its primary objects will be to promote the interests
of the soldier in the ranks. To this end lt will contain
all necessary information as to the methods of keep
ing in good order their accounts with the Government.
The soldier in hospital will find In our columns in
structions how to procure pay and clothing when en
titled to it; what are the requisites exacted by the
Government when furloughs are granted; and dis
charged soldier* will be put in tne way of procuring
prompt settlements of their accounts without the in
terference of claim agents.
Aside from this THE SOLDIERS' JOURNAL will
oontaln lnteresttng original and selected reading mat
ter. It is the intention of those engaged in its publi
cation to make its pages lively and readable, and it is
believed that tiie varied talent pledged to its support
will enable it to take at least a respectable rank
among the Journals of the country.
Important to Discharged Veteran Sol
Heretofore soldiers who had re-enlisted as vet
erans and received their discharges, have only
received transportation to the place where they
were re-enlisted into the service, and not to their
home or original place of enlistment; and con
sequently much dissatisfaction has been giv
en to the veteran soldiers who have been dis
charged, who expected to receive their transpor
tation and subsistence to their homes. Many of
the veterans re-enlisted in tho field and are dis
charged where they re-enlisted and consequent
ly get no transportation or allowances whatev
er. As a matter of course much distress WM
occasioned todischarged veterans. Theattention
>f Mr. J. B. Abbott, Chief Assistant, Special Re
lief Office, U. S. Sanitary Commission, was finally
called to the matter. He at once adopted the
only proper plan—that of appealing to the higher
authorities, and the brilliant success of his effort
is witnessed in the following interesting corres
pondence, which we gladly publish for the bene
fit of all discharged veterans. Mr. Abbott is
entitled to, and will receive the thanks of his
" blue-bloused " proteges for his efforts in their
behalf in this and many other matters of impor
tance to them :—
U. S. Sanitary Commission, ]
14 Special Relief" Office, 389 H Street, \
• Washington, D. C, Sept. 2d, 1804. J
Hon. J. M. Brodhead, Second Comptroller,
lYeasury Department— -Sir t—l have tho honor to
submit to you, for decision, the case of Orris A.
Bishop, saddler, company B, Bth 111. Cavalry,
who joined the company on its original organi
zation at Sycamore, Illinois, and mustered into
the service of the United States at St. Charles,
Illinois, on the 18th day of September, 1861; was
re-mustered into the service as a veteran, Janu
ary Ist, 1864, at Culpepper, Va., and on the 27th
day of August, 1864, discharged from the service
of the United States by reason of Surgeon's cer
tificate of disability. He now claims transpor
tation and subsistence from the place of his
discharge to the original place of enrollment, but
there is a question whether he is entitled to it to
his original place of enrollment, or only to Cul
pepper, Va., the place of his re-muster into the
service Ml a veteran.
Your decision on the point in question will
confer a great favor upon many veteran soldiers
and Your most obedient servant,
(Signed) J. B. ABBOTT,
Chief Assistant Special Relief Office.
Treasury Department, )
Second Comptroller's Office, >•
Oct. 21, 1864. J
J. B. Esq., 389 H Street, Washington—
Sir :—I am this day in receipt of the decision of
Secretary of War stating that ** the free transpor
tation of veteran volunteers to and from their
homes, upon occasion of their re-enlistment
furlough, was one of the conditions of their re
entering the service and, like the bounty then
paid, to be considered a gratuity."
I enclose herewith the discharge and final
statements of Orris A. Bishop, whose case comes
within the scope of the decision.
Very respectfully yours,
J. M. B'ROADHEAD,
War Department, )
Paymaster General's Office, \
Washington, Oct. 21, 1864. J
J. B. Abbott, Esq., 389 H Street, Washington,
D. C. —Sir :—The papers in the case of Orris A.
Bishop, saddler, company B, Bth Illinois Cav
alry, forwarded by you to this office, having been
submitted to the Second Comptroller, he decides
that " A volunteer discharged to re-enlist as a
veteran, under Order No. 191, (date,d 25th Juno,
1863,) is, in effect, only transferred to another
organization in the same service, and when fi
nally discharged is entitled to his travel, pay and
allowances to his place of original enrollment,
and not to the place where he re-enlisted. The
Secretary of War having decided that the trans
portation to be furnished, under General Order
376, (dated Nov. 21, 1863,) to veteran volunteers
going on furlough to and from their respective
homes after discharge from their original enlist
ment, was designed to be a gratuity. No deduc
tion on account of such transportion will be made
from their pay, <fee, when they shall be finally
discharged, or at any other time."
The papers are herewith returned.
Very respectfully, your ob't servant,
(Signed) B. W. BRICE,
Acting Paymaster General.
Tho test case above mentioned, it has been seen,
is of a man belonging to Illinois,-and re-enlisting
at Culpepper, Va. By the decision he derives
benefit more than equivalent to a month's pay.
But suppose the case of one re-enlisting at New
Orleans and living in New England, (and there
are many such) if transportation were not fur
nished to his original place of enlistment, he
would be greatly the loser in money and conve
nience, and it would take three months' pay, or
the best portion of his bounty, to again get home.
We might enumerate hundreds of cases in ex
emplification of this matter, but the great good
it will do the soldier can be seen at a glance. It
seems to be the especial province of the Sanitary
Commission, watchful as it is of the interests and
comfort of the soldier, to get them speedy justice
on all questions of doubt, whether of small or
great importance, and their mission in this in
stance, "by and with" the skill of their agent,
Mr. Abbott, has been performed in a manner
that will render our soldiers oven more grateful
—Rebel song of the future:—" My Nary Land."
—France has received forty millions of dollars ac
the first fruits of her intervention in Mexico.
—Sherman is constantly threatening Hood, and
a battle must soon come.
—The rebel force in Western Virginia has been de
feated and driven into the mountains.
—Election riots are reported In Philadelphia, and
the excitement is very great In all States regarded
—Richmond papers complain that the rebel cavalry
is good for nothing, Sheridan having proved that they
can be easily whipped.
—While Gen. Custar was on his way to Washington,
bearing the battle-flags and trophies of the 9th ult..
his commission as Major General passed him on the
—The insurrection of the Arabs in Algeria is again
spreading. Engagements on the 29th and 30th of Sept
resulted in 800 Arabs and 160 French soldiers belnu
killed and wounded.
—Austria and Italy are both making ready for war,
and so long as Austria holds Venice they will main
tain the same threatening attitude, which may result
in blood any day.
—Slavery challenged the United States of America
to mortal combat. It impaled itself upon the bayo
nets of Its adversary, and writhes and twists there in
the agony of a death that promises soon to close the
—We have a report from Brazos Santiago that Gen.
Cortinas surrendered his forces to the Imperialists
and accepted a Brigadier General's commission In
—Price is flying from Missouri, routed, disorganized
and with but one gun. Cavalry Sheridan was Early's
bane, Cavalry Pleasanton was Price's ruin. Price al
ways did fizzle out in his plans, but the last has been
the greatest fizzle of all.
—Some muddled and unimportant news comes from
Kentucky—that once gallant State now shivering be
fore the revolvers of a few hundred outlaws, and lack
ins the norve ana apparently tne desire to drive the
—Gen. Birney died In the delirium fever. His last
words have a value that should make them a war-cry
throughout the loyal States. Rising suddenly in bin
bed, his eyes blazing with the fire that consumed
him, he cried with a trumpet voice, " Boys, keep your
eyes on that flag!" and fell back dead.
—Here is the way President Lincoln thanks Sheri-
Idan for his recent victory :—" With great pleasure I
tender to you and your brave army the thanks of the*
nation and my own personal admiration and grati
tude for the month's operations in the Shenandoah
Valley, and especially for your splendid work of Oct.
19." Short and sweet, and all richly merited.
—We learn that Sheridan's captures in prisoners in
his late battle, amount already to 3,600, and our caval
ry are picking up more every day. We have moro
than 300 officers. The entire loss of the rebels in kill
ed, wounded and captured, is now reckoned at about
ten thousand. Kershaw's Division went into the
fight with 22 new brass cannon Just finished at Rich
mond. Sheridan bagged 2(1 of the guns, leaving the
rebels a couple for specimens. About 12,000 stand of
small arms have been gathered from the field.
—One of the greatest civil wars of modern 1 lines has
Just been brought to a close in China. For several
years the cause of the rebels had been steadily declin
ing. They lost one stronghold after the other, and for
some time Nanking, the ancient capital of China,
had been the only important place remaining under
their There the Tien-Wang, the rebel Empe -
ror and founder of a new religion, and the Chung-
Wang, their ablest general, defended with obstinacy
their sinking fortunes. But Nanking fell, and the
war is supposed to have closed.
An enthusiastic political meeting was held in
the chapel of Augur Hospital on Monday night
last. Addresses were delivered by Dr. Sutton
Mr. Uniac and others, all sustaining the Union
candidates. The object of the meeting was to
have a social political chut with the men about
to go home on furlough.