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• THE SOLDIERS' JOURNAL,
IS PUBLISH KD T'.VEUY WEDNESDAY MORNING, AT
RENDEZVOUS o*< DISTRIBUTION, VA.,
CONVALESCENT CAMP, VA.,
ON THE FOLLOWING TERMS :
subscription for One Year - - - - #Q,OO
" " Six Months, - - « - *'""
Single Copies, Flw Cents
PAYABLE INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE.
POSTAGE <>.\ T THE JOURNAL is Twenty Cents a
year-payable quarterly, in advance, at place of de
livery. nepfKJfJ TO SUBSCRIBERS.
None other than tho persons whose names appear
in our list of Agents are authorized to receive sub
scriptions for The Boldikhs' Journal.
Smoke-shrouded was the shell-plowed field,
Charge followed charge through Are and flame,
Once more our stubborn line of steel
Stood Hfl the dark squares onward came,
Our Colonel, faint and smitten sore,
Spun:ed down the gusts of leaden rain,
"Close up. dear boys, our Flag before
Has never <-.>n«d in vain I"
His Voice tilled up the thin ranks torn,
Twin cheers and volleys rent the vale,
Our standard-bearer, pressing on,
Fell in the answering hail.
A Stripling caught his dear bequest,
Straight to their midst he hewed his way,
Flung out our banner o'er their crest,
And held a score at bay.
Loud rang behind our tribute roar.
Fast in his steps our rifles pressed,
And reached him staining with his gore
The standard on his breast.
As soft W« raised him—for the day
Was won—his white lips flecked with foam,
Faint nun mured as he strove to pray,
O! will then hear of this at Home!"
Sanitary Commission Report.
REBEL CRUELTIES TO PRISONERS.
Horrors of Libby, Belle Isle and Andersonville.
Plundering, Starving, Beating, Freez
ing, and Snooting.
Graphic lectures of the "Dead Line."
The Sanitary Commission has just published a
- Narrative of Privations and SufTering of Uni
ted States Officers and Soldiers while Prisoners
- of War in the Hands of the Rebel Authorities ;
being tho Report of a Commission of Inquiry
appointed by the United States Sanitary Com
mission ; with an Appendix containing the Tes
selections as we have space for, and we take the
first following statement as to the Andorsonvillo
prison in Georgia.
The following is the deposition of Private
Tracy, Co. G, 82d New York Vols.:
I am a private in the 82d regiment New York
Vols., Co. G. Was captured with about 800 Fed
eral troops in front of Petersburg, onr the 22nd of
June, 18(54. We were kept at Petersburg two
days, at Richmond, Belle Isle, three days, then
conveyed by rail to Lynchburg. Marched 7">
miles to Danville, thence by rail to Anderson-
Ville, Georgia. At Petersburg we were treated
fairly, being under the guard of old soldiers of
an Alabama regiment; at Richmond we came
under the authority of the notorious and inhu
man Major Turner, and the equally notorious
Home Guard. Our ration was a pint of beans,
four onnces of bread and three ounces of meat a
day. Another batch of prisoners joining us, we
left. Richmond 1000 stron \
All blankets, haversacks, canteens, money,
valuables of every kind, extra clothing, and in
1 somo (>h»»h the last shirt and drawers, had pre
viously been taken from us.
At Lynchburg we were placed under the Home
Guard, officered by Major and Captain MofTett.
The march to Danville was a weary and painful
one of five days, under a torrid sun, many of us
falling helpless by the way, and soon filling the
empty wagons of our train. On the first day we
received a little meat, but the sum of our rations
for the five days was thirteen crackers. During
the six days by rail to Andersonville, meat was
given us twice, and the daily ration was four
On entering tbe Stocade Prison, we found it
crowded with twenty-eight thousand of our fel
low soldiers. By crowded, I mean that it was
difficult to move in any direction without jost
ling or being jostled. This prison is on an open
space, sloping on both sides, originally seventeen
acres, now twenty-five acres, in the shape of a
parallelogram, without tree or shelter of any
kind. The soil is sand over a bottom of clay.—
Tho fence is made of upright trunks of trees,
about twenty feet high, near tbe top of which
I are email platforms, where tho guards are sta-
I tioned. Twenty feet inside and parallel to the
fence is a light railing, forming the " dead line,"
beyond which the projection of a foot or finger
is sure to bring the deadly bullet of the sentinel.
Through the grounds, at nearly right angles
with the longer sides, runs or rather creeps a
stream through an artificial channel, varying
from five to six feet in width, tho water about
ankle deep, and near the middle of the inclosuro
spreading out into a swamp of about six acres
filled with refuse wood, stumps and debris of the
I camp. Before entering this inclosure thestream,
or more properly sewer, passes through the
camp of tbe guards, receiving from this source,
\ and (H\ipr« hn-vltvc up, «. l«Tge biuvjuuL of the
vilest material, even the contents of the sink.—
The water is of a dark color, and an ordinary
glass would collect a thick sediment. This wa«
our only drinking mid cooking water. It was
our custom to filter it as best we could through
our remnants of haversacks, shirts and blouses.
Wells bad been dug, but the water either proved
so productive of diarrhea, or so limited in quan
tity that they were of no general use. The cook
house was situated on the stream just outside of
the Stockade, and its refuse of decaying offal was
thrown into the water, a greasy coating covering
much of the surface. To these was added the
daily large amount of bpse matter from thecamp
itself. There was a system of policing, but the
means were so limited, and so large a number
of the men were rendered irresolute and depres
sed by imprisonment that the woik was very im
perfectly done. One side of the swamp was nat
urally used as a sink, the men usually going out
some distance into the water. Under the sum
mer sun this place becomes corruption too vile
for description, the men breeding disgusting life
so that the surface of the water moves as with a
1 geutl« bvec/.0.
The new comers, on reaching (his, would ex
claim, "is this hell?" yet they would soon be
come callous and enter unmoved the horrible
rottenness. The rebel authorities never removed
any tilth. There was seldom any visitation bj
the officer in charge. Two surgeons Were at one
time sent by President Davis to inspect t he camp,
but a walk through a small section gave them all
the information they desired, and we never saw
The guards usually numbered sixty-four
eight at each end, and twenty-four on a side.
On the outside, within three hundred yards,
were fortifications on high ground, overlooking
and perfectly commanding us, mounting twenty
four twelve pound Napoleon Parrots. We were
never permitted logo outside, except at times in
squads to gather firewood. During the building
oi the cook house, a few who were carpenters,
were ordered out to assist.
Our only shelter from the sun, and rain and;
night dews, was what we could hwkeby stretch
ing over us our coats or scraps of blankets, which
a few had, but generally there was no attempt
by day or night to protect ourselves.
the rations consisted of eight ounces of corn;
• bread, (the cob being ground with tho kernel)
. < and generally sour, two ounces of condemned
i pork, offensive in appearance and smell, ©oca
i sionally, about twice a week, two tablespoons*
C ful of rice, and in place of the pork the same
t amount (two tablespoonsful) of molasses was
* given us about twice a month. This ration W*e
) brought into camp about 4 o'clock p.m., and
i t. rown from the wagons to tho ground, the men
being arranged in divisions of two hundred and