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BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1901.
VOL. XXXVI-NO. 28.
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.00 Per Year
BOLIVAR
ttdtt ttt tt in
1901
FEBRUARY.
1901
8TJJ. I0S. TUBS. TITO. TRI. SIT.
1 2
A A
3"T56T 8 9
To IT Y2 3 U HF 76
TT Is" 7? 20 22" 23"
24 25 26 27 28
NEWS IN BEIEP.
Compiled from Various Sources.
f FIFTY-SIXTH CONGRESS.
, fSecond Session.!
In the senate, on the 4th, after much of
the session had been occupied In a speech
by Mr. Bacon (Ga. on the right of tha
senato to demand information on tile tn
the iepartments. the shipping- subsidy bill
was laiu asiae, Dy consent, to give place
to action on the appropriation bills, tha
shipping bill still holding- Its place as un
finished business In the house a bill
to extend the charters of national banks
for another 20 years from 1902, when the
present extension expires, was passed
witnout debate. Senate till to create a
commitsion to adjudicate claims against
Spam, was amended so as to refer tho
claims to the court of claims instead of a
commission and, as so amended, passed.
In the senate, on the 5th, the District of
joiumDia appropriation bin was passed,
and tho tall making provision for "the
support of West Point military academy
was partially consiuerert. Trie snip sub
sidy bill was formally laid aside and
Jn the house consideration of tho post
office appropriation bill was continued, a
jarg-e numDr-r or members taking part Jn
the debate, but little progress being made
wiin tne bin. Among other speeches Mr.
ngg3 (ua.) mveigned against tne "as
sociation of postal employes formed to
lorce legislation in tntir Interest.
In the senate, on the 6th. the military
academy appropriation bill was passed
after only an hour's consideration. The
only change made in the bill was the
strengthening of the provision against
hazing at Wept Toiiit. The remainder of
the day was devoted to the war revenue
reduction bill, which, after the adoption
of several committee amendments, was
passed. A night session was held for dis
cussion of the shipping bill In the
House, the day was devoted to the fur-
tner consideration of the post office ap
propriation bill, the time, after a two
hours' speech by Mr. Loud, being de
voted to debate on pneumatic tube ser
vice, special mail facilities and railway
mail pay. It was agreed to vote, on tie
"th. at 12:30 p. m., upon the several
amendments.
In the senate, on the 7th, the pension ap
propriation bill, carrying $114,000,000, was
passed alter a tew minutes consideration.
The ship subsidy bill was then taken up.
Mr. MeLauren ftlem. sneakine for and
Mr. Morgan (dem.) speaking against the
measure In the house the post office
appropriation bill, after a debate lasting
uiinwi. t-nmu weeK. was passed, tne
proposed amondmonts being all voted
down. Several bills of minor importance
rif .!- i. aiier wnicn tne nouse took
iin- iipiuinaiic anci consular appropri
ation bill.
Irl the senate, on the Sth, an effort to
!?reo l?Pon a f1a!e for a nna' vote upon
J" "I'pmg Din was defeated. Mr.
Iritchard (nr N. C.) spoke in support
.j ""II was men lntormallv
laid aside an 1 the naval arpropriation bill
..v.v,.,,w me icn.iunmr oi ine session
In 1 li r n nn.i .-. i . ....
-' "'V """" Kt-v'-in I'ension Din was
passed to restore to the pension rolls
I T ' r 1 oi(uers or tne rebellion who,
-!,iV,.i .' ' f-uonuentiy became
, ;"JL1V.-" " ""'"""J' i "e oenents are
limited, however, to widows of soldiers
who were married before the close of the
iv,r- X "l ',i,re now dependent upon
their own labor for support. The house
r i'-Yu JV1 private pension bills, mak
dMnbn:'Lnin? .UIA Private pension
rw.wi ijv .iiirs tongrfSS.
PERSONAL AND GENERAL.
iin xne simple ceremony of the
miTen J.eiormed church, Wilhelmina,
queen of the Netherlands, and Duke
Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin,
were united in marriage at The
Hague, on the 7th. By the marriage
contract the queen allows her hus
band the interest on 50,000,000 guild
ers. A dispatch of the 7th, from Baku,
Russia, says that 500 persons perished
in the conflagration there among the
oil properties. All the Rothschild
reservoirs were burned.
The burghers of Volksrush have is
sued a strong appeal for peace to the
commandants in the districts in that
vicinity, reminding them that thou
sands of Boers have been exiled, killed
or wounded, and that ruin is impend
ing from the hopeless struggle.
"Blague prevails in every part of
India,' says the Bombay correspon
dent of the London Daily J-xpress,
"except the central provinces." It is
only particularly severe in Bengal,
where there is a weekly mortality of
;,500. In Bombay the deaths reached
94 per cent, of the cases.
William II. Scott, 52 years of age,
a Christian scientist and himself a
"healer," who had been ill for three
weeks, a victim of the grip and pneu
monia, died at his home in New York
city, on the 7th, leaving a widow and
two sons, lie had refused to allow a
plrysieian to attend him.
Maddened by the knowledge that
his bride of three months had de
ceived him, and that she had a hus
band and child of three years when
she went to the altar with him, Carl
Arnold shot and killed his wife in
New York city, on the 7th, and then
ended his own life.
Cotint Smolianoff, the inventor
credited with the discovery of smoke
less powder, was, on the 7th, declared
by the police court of Washington to
be a confirmed drunkard, and was or
dered committed to the workhouse
for three months.
Queen Wilhelnimas marriage to
Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin,
who, on his wedding day, became
Frinoe Heiurich of The Netherlands,
was celebrated, on the 7th, at The
Hague.
Train No. 5, the New York limited
on the Erie railroad, was wrecked, on J
the 7th, within the town limits of I
Greenville, Ba. Five passengers were
, j i t t ... . 1
Aanr uhpn tnu-pn fmm the wreck. I
.pvprnl nr missin- and there are
many badly injured.
R. G. Dun & Co. reported, on the
8th: "Failures for the week were 2G9 I
in the United States, against 245 last
year, and 35 in Canada, against 33 last
iW
THE WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA.
British Column, Lured luto D er Am
bush, Effects a Urllllaut
Retreat
East London, Cape Colony, Feb. 11.
Details have been received here of
severe fighting' at Tabaksberg moun
tain, 40 miles east of the railway and
midway between Small Deal and
Bloemfontein.
Maj. Crewe, with a composite col-
umn traveling southw est, sighted the
mountain on me mornin? oi .January
. . .
ox. jic iicuivi iicaijf 111111, mm, nuuw
r j . , .
ing- that Col. l'ilcher's column was on
the other side of the mountain, he
concluded that this officer was in ac
tion. Consequently he hurried for
ward, only to meet Hoers streaming
down, and evidently retiring from
Col. l'ilcher's lyddite shells. Immedi
ately Col. Crewe brought three 15-1
pounders and a pompom to bear on
the lioers, who, however, were found
to be so numerous that it was ininos-
sible to head them. Orders were tfiven
, . .
w aUAL,, "wwu i.v.j .n.i-a
nom me mountain, ine column resti-cl
until four in the afternoon, when the
inarch was resumed southwest.
Af'i i fv0 ,.,,0 ,-.f ,
J VU J U - J 1 . IVUV ItHl lilt
southern point of the mountain when
a terrific rifle fire opened from a lar.Te
force of Doers, who were in ambus-
caae on ine mountain, ine hcrht soon
became general. The Boers outnum
bered the British five to one and were
attacking1 them on both flanks and
the rear. The British "pompom
jammed and became useless. Maj.
. "HU uie felluailon 51,1,1 "J
a brilliant move, got the convo3r into
a safe position.
Between 7 and 8 in the evening the
Boers charged the position and turned
both tianks. lhe British ammunition
became exhausted and Jlaj. Crewe
was obliged to retire and abandon the
pompom after 1he advance party had
,ii.j , , ,
"deaored to save it and had sus-
tained severe losses.
A rear guard action was fought by
Ma j. Crewe into the camp, where the
wagons had been laagered. He per
sonally superintended the retirement,
the Boers harrassing him throughout.
Intrenchments were thrown up duriiu
the night.
When morning came Ma i. Crewe
started to join (Jen. Knox, 12 miles
southwest. The Boers immediately re-
attacked him, compelling him to fight
;i second rear guard action for a few
miles, (ien. e Wet personally com
manded the Boers-, estimated at 2,500.
Ma ). ( rewe s force was only 700.
E enf ually the British officer joined I
lien. Knox and returned to Bloemfon-
tein. Lord Kitchener has highlj com
plimented Maj. Crewe ' upon' the
achievement.
CXOSI.G IS OS TIIK BOERS.
Lord Kitchener Kcjnnrtn Great Ac
tivity of Troop, With More
Severe l'Mlit liijf.
London, Feb. 11. The war office
.ias received the following dispatch
from Lord Kitchener, the commander-
in-chief in South Africa:
'Pretoria. 1 eb. 9. The columns
working eastward occupied Ermeio,
I ebruary 0, with slight opposition. A
large force of Boers, estimated at
7,000, tinder Louis Botha, retired east
ward. About ?0(j wagons with families
passed through Ermeio on the way to
Amsterdam, and very large quantities
of stock are being driven east.
".V peace delegate under sentence
of death, and other Boer prisoners
were 1aken away bv the Boers. All
the reports show that the Boers are
exceedingly biiter. Fifty Boers sur-
rendered.
'Louis Botha, with 2,000 men, at
tacked Gen. Smith-Dorrien at Orange
camp, Bothwell, at 3 a. m., February
G. He was repulsed after severe fight
ing. Gen. Spruilt. was killed, Gen. l'an-
demoyr was seerely wounded and
two field cornets were killed. Twenty
of the Boer dead were left in our
hands and many severely wounded.
Our casualties wire 24 killed and 53
wounded.
"Our movement to the east is re
ported to have completely upset all
the enemv's calcinations and created
a regular panic in the district.
"Christian Be A Vet appears to be
crossing the line south of Jagersfon-
tein road to the west, this morning
having failed to effect a crossing by
the drifts east of Bethulie.
'In Cape Colony. Calvina has been
occupied by Col. De Lisle, who en
tered February ", the enemy retiring
toward Kennardr. Col. Haigh is driv
ing the midland commandoes north
ward past Aberdeen."
TROOPS, SOT PEACE AGEXTS.
England's Policy for Sou til Africa
Contemplates YlKorom Prosecu
tion of the War.
London, Feb. 1 1. Lord Raglan, un
der secretary of state for war,, ill-
formed the correspondent of the press
to-day that Gen. Sir Evelyn Wood is
not. going to South Africa, and that
no peace commission is contemplated.
'The report as to a peace commis
sion is false from beginning to end,"
he said. "The policy of the govern
ment is the very opposite of what
would prompt tuch a step. Troops,
not peace commissioners, are goin;
to South Africa.'
It is also understo! that Sir Eve!Tn
Wood is less likely than any other
high official to be chosen for impor-
tant special duties, as he is now so
deaf that his retirement is only a
question of a short time.
-
Reviewed the fcew A olanteers.
Cape Town, Feb. 10. Yesterday Sir
Alfred "Mi.ln.er reviewed 7,000 men of
the new volunteer lorce ana mace a
spirited address to the omcers. He ex-
pressed his gratification at the loyal
reSponse the colony had made to tbe
call -
TENNESSEE
GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
TWF.STT-8ECOSD DAY.
The feeler bill was considered by the jo-
dlciary committee who, after some debate,
recommended Its passage by a vote ot 8 to 6.
wltli an amendment by Senator Seay. The
amendment makes the Peeler bill a virtual ex-
I tpn nn nr (he nrcicnt. stature wlilcn ntfnnt
I r , , . I . .. '. L .
I tllU 'IkI laiVUJ VI lUg iUUi-IIIUO I " W H VI
2,ooo inhabitants hereafter incorporated, In that
it makes the four-mile law, prohibiting the sala
I i innnr u 1 T n l n r nn n 1 1 1 ul ill "m yfiiiini iiiniuM
applicable to towns of 5,000 inhabitants by the
census of 19' K), or any subsequent census, that
may hereafter be incorporated.
The senate new bills of Importance were those
authorizing counties to Issue bonds for the
building of levees and the reclamation ot swamp
lands and allowing them the use of the Increased
taxes from such reclaimed land; creating the
oflice ot State immigration agent at a salary of
I $1,500 per year and allowing him an equal sum
clerical help
In lhe house the P'Pa1 new bills were: To
I require county superintendents to countersign
warrants f or te.ichpr' salariai: to increase tha
salaries of certain coal oil Inspectors from $120
lo $150 per annum; to appropriate $330 to ba
used in securing cases for the preservation of
the Tennessee flags used In the bpanlsh-Amer-
lean war; to transfer the office of live stock
commissioner from State board of health to
commissioner of agricultuie; to authorize
Memphis to issue $150,000 of bonds for school
purposes.
TWESTY-TBIRD DAY.
The senate was not in session.
The house again refus.-d to give the State
board of health power to better control conta
gious diseases where county and city boards
fall to do their duty.
The house refused to repeal the jury law en-
acted at the last session by which the reading
of a newspaper does not make a man ineligible
for jury duly,
A resolution was Introduced providing that
Confederate soldiers could elect whel her they
would go to the Soldierj' Home or remain in the
care of friends and receive their per capita al
lowance. Oilier new bills were as follows: To abolish
the State board of equalization; to punish pis
tol carrying by fine and imprisonment, and to
make the drawing of a pistol a felony.
Bills on third reading: To make kidnaping a
I capital offense, amend j l so as to make the pun-
ishment ten to twenty-five year' Imprisonment
and then re-referred ; to prevent the sale of soda
water and ice cream on Sunday, tabled.
TWKXTY-FOCRTH DAY.
The senate passed the house bill prohibiting
the sale of cocaine except upon the prescription
of a physician.
Senator Tillman Introduced a bill to repair
the old or erect a new monument to Meriwether
Lewis, in Lewis county.
The house passed the bill to prohibit the use
of impure illuminating oils in coal mines.
New bills in the house were: Providing for
amendments to the assessment and revenue
laws; to allow no exemptions for damages for
sheep killed by dogs or for flues and costs in
convictions for keeping sheep-killing dogs; to
provide the terms upon which sale in bulk of
stocks of goods, wares and merchandise may be
made; to prohibit the fraudulent purchase or
sale of goods, wares and merchandise; to allow
justices of the peace to give judgment for dam
ages In replevin suits.
twenty-seventh: day.
The Teeler bill, which has been the center of
one of the bitterest attacks ever made by the
whisky mcu in Tennessee, was defeatel today,
the senate rejecting the measure by a vote of li
to 15. The vote on the bill was as follows:
For the bill Messrs. Byrnes, Caldweli, Clai
borne, Cochran, Krwin, Gambell, Houston,
Seay, Swafford, Thorp. Thompson, Tillman,
Turner of Gibson, Turner of Humphreys and
Warlield 15.
Against the bill Messrs. Bean, Butler, Cox,
Davis of Hancock, Davis of Morgan, Drennan,
Eldridge, Fryer, Greer, Howell, Johnson, Lasa-,
ter, Leech, McCorkle, 1'eake. Vandeventer
Williams and Speaker White 18.
Messrs. Byrnes, Tillman, Cochran and War-
field explained their votes by saying that they
could not vote against a measure which gives
local self-government to the people tho very
elemental theory of Democracy.
Mr. Lasater explained that he was Instructed
to vote for a measure extending the four-mile
law to towns of 5,000 Inhabitants, but as
amended, extending it to cities ot 104,000, he
must vote no.
Mr. Speaker White said that although he bad
been threatened with political extinction on ac
count of this measure, yet he consulted no guide
but bis conscience in voting "No."
There were no new bills of importance in the
senate.
The senate devoted some time to the consider
ation of the assessment bill, which is really an
amendment to the present law. An amendment
was adopted exempting the bonds of corpora
tions located in Tennessee from taxation.
House bills on third reading: To prevent the
netting of quail, rejected; to repeal the uniform
text book law, rejected; to prevent bird dogs
running at large in Fayette county, passed; to
require county superintendents to countersign
warrants for teachers' salaries, rejecteJ; to
protect female boarding schools, academies and
colleges from the "Johnnies," rejected; to pay
the traveling expenses of the trustees of the
Confederate Soldiers' Home, tabled; to require
publication of lhe receipts and expenditures of
the State's money with the acts ot the assembly,
failed; to prohibit hunting on the inclosed land
of another without written consent of the
owner, failed.
TWENTY-EIGHTH DAY.
The senate was the scene of a lot of spell
binding over the resolution providing for an in
vestigation of the rumors of bribery in connec
tion with the defeat of the Peeler bill. The
resolution as adopted authorizes the investigat
ing committee to issue subpoenaes and send for
persons and papers, la order' that a thorough
Investigation may be made.
The senate considered the assessment bill at
some length and passed it by a large majority.
The senate killed the bill to exempt cows and
horses from the operations of the no-fence law.
This bill would have allowed horses and cows
to roam at will In the large counties and cities.
TWENTY-NINTH DAY.
The general assembly adjourned today until
March 11 in order to give the special committees
time to visit the State institutions and redis
ricting committee time to draw up a bill for re-
districting the State.
The senate concurred in the house resolution
to invite David Bennett Hill to address the gen
eral assembly, but not until after there had
been considerable opposition from some of the
Bryan men. The vote was 16 to 11.
The bouse again refused to express itself on
the question of a dog law, although the com
mittee on agriculture had recommended the
resolution for adoption.
Jlribery Charged.
The special legislative committee to
Investigate the allegations of bribery
in connection with the defeat of the
Peeler bill, organized by electing Sen
ator Seay as chairman and Representa
tive Adams as secretary. It was de
cided that sessions of the committee,
which will begin on February 15, should
be secret, and that all accused parties
should be given every opportunity to
clear themselves. It is said the retail
saloon men raised SG.0OJ to defeat the
bill, and that the quarrel over division
of spoils led to the rumor that bribes
bid been otf?rc4.
3W9S9S39SS3w9S36963636S9eS333'S3
ti 1
STATE NEWS.
I
Claims to Have Discovered Gold
i ua.it 19 liiuuiik ij uc );uiu na.s ueco
"r . . : i u . . v. 1 ,1 1 1
discovered on the Tennessee river by
Green Toland, near Bakerville. Toland
vvill not give the exact location of his
k u ; ;
" . 7 " Tu -y"
" . o wis . u a
, . . .. ,
t.u w .uuv...M.. W.UV. V f I JU V
section with spurious coin many years
; Many citizens of Bakerville
i ago.
handled the money in large quantities,
but did not know there was anything i
wrong with it, so perfectly was it made.
Toland also found another metal near
the same place which resembles lead,
except that it is karder and can only be
melted in a blacksmith's forge. It is
now believed that this was the metal
used by the counterfeiters, as the money
made by them was said to contain
neither lead nor pewter, but something1
of a harder character.
Charged With Murder.
Jack and James King, two prominent
vounsr men. are in iail at Camden. Ben
ton county, charged with the murder
of jt. man named Butler, two years ago.
Butler did the cooking, and one day he
disappeared as if the earth had swal
lowed him. The King boys said he had
eloped with a woman, and as he had no
family nothing more was thought of it.
A few days ago some men were hauling
logs in the woods, when they suddenly
came upon a grave under the top of a
fallen tree. An examination showed
the grave contained the remains of a
man, and soon afterward the woman
whom it was alleged Butler had eloped
with appeared on the scene and declared
that the remains were those of Butler,
and that the King boys had murdered
him. The KiDgs were arrested, and
Jack King, it is alleged, confessed the
crime. He said that Butler and his
brother were fighting, and that he
killed him in defense of his brother.
The woman says, oo the other hand,
that the Kings and Butler were gamb-
ling, and that the latter had won about
$100 when one of the Kings slipped up
behind him, killing him with a stick,
and took the mone3'.
A Gambling Verdict.
In seeking a new trial for J. W. Ken
eval, who was recently convicted at I
Knoxville and given an eight-year sen- I
tence for bigamy, his attorneys charge I
that the verdict was a "gambling ver- I
diet"; that each juror wrote a number I
upon a slip and it was agreed that the
aggregate divided by 13 should fix the
years of sentence. This was sworn to by
a juror, lhe court refused to grant a
new trial and the case will go to the
Supreme Court. Kencval alleges black
mail is behind it.
To Test u Law.
A bill has been filed in the United
States circuit court at Chattanooga by
Thomas Swafford against an election
judge for $ 25,000, the allegation being
the latter would not allow him to vote.
The suit is brought to test the consti
tutionality of the act of the legislature
restricting the county of Rhea by which
Swafford alleges he was disfranchised.
A Farmer Robbed of S375.
A. J. Hibdon, a substantial farmer :
living on Dry Creek, about eight miles
from Smithville, was returning from
McMinnville, one day last week, where
he had been to sell some mules, and
when within a short distance of home,
was attacked by four masked men, and
robbed of $375.
Woodruff Woman's Sentence Stands.
The supreme court has affirmed the
life sentence of Mrs. Norah Woodruff,
convicted of murdering her 7-year-old
stepson by drowning him in a pond I
near her home. lhe case has been be-
fore the court twice. lhe nrst time it I
was remanded because improper evi
dence had been admitted.
Rumored Railroad Deal.
There is a well founded rumor that
the Tennessee Central, of which Col.
Jere Baxter is president, has bought
the Nashville and Knoxville railroad,
which, if true, will bring the Tennes
see Central within 30 miles of Nashville.
The secretary of the Tennessee Central
refuses to deny or confirm the rumor.
Killed In a Rock Battle.
In a pitched battle with rocks he
tween white and colored boys at Chat
tanooga, a 12-year-old son of Col. Luther
Bird, was struck in the head and died
from the injury. There is much indig-
nation over the affair. The guilty ne
gro has not been identified.
Packing Plant Sold.
F. R. Burroughs, of Chicago, has se-
cured an option en the plant of the I
Nashville Packing Company, owned by I
John Cudaby. The consideration is
S350,000 and parties associated with Mr.
Burroughs say the sale is a' go.
Registered Package Stolen.
A registered package containing 572 j
was stolen from the Waynesburg post-
office a few days ago, while the post-
master's back was turned. Jim Tur-
man has been arrested and charged
with the job.
Dropped Dead.
P. Richard Lones, a prominent citi-
zea and farmer, dropped dead at Knox
ville wkiie lunching in a saloon.
Monamixt to Revolutionary Soldiers.
At a joint meeting of Cumberland and
Campbell chapters, Daughters of the
Revolution, held -in Nashville a few
days ago, it was decided to at once be-.
gin a movement looking to the erection
in Nashville of a monument in memorj
of the revolutionary soldiers buried in
Tennessee. An effort will be made tc
interest every patriotic society in Ten-
nwsee ia the J5Qveeat
I
I OTT T?Trri "P"I?T TP THAT
Dr. Talmage Sets Forth Its Evils
in Ilis Sermon.
DntT of Christiana to Speak Oat
Heartily on the Side of Right
eousness Casting: Out the
Dumb Spirit.
(Copyright, 1001, by Louis Klopsch. N. T.)
Washington,
In this discourse Dr. Talmage calls
for a more demonstative religion and a
hearty speaking out on the right side
of everything; text, Mark 9:25: "Thou
dumb and deaf spirit, I charge thee,
come out of him."
Here was a case of great domestic
anguish. The son of the household was
possessed of an evil spirit, which,
among other things, paralyzed his
tongue and madehim speechless, hen
a 1 J.? A. 1
tne innuence was on tne pauem,
could not say a word articulation ws
impossible. The spirit that captures
this member of the household was a
dumb spirit eo called by Christ a
spirit abroad to-day and as lively and
potent as in the New Testament times
I Yet in all the realms of sermondom I
cannot find a discourse concerning" this
dumb devil which Christ charged up
on in mv text, saying: "Come out of
him."
There has been much destructive su
perstition abroad in the world concern
ing possession by evil spirits. Under
the form of belief in witchcraft, this de
lusion swept the continents. Persons
were supposed to be possessed with
some evil spirit, which mad them able
to destroy others. In the sixteenth cen
tury in Geneva 1,500 persons were
burned to death as witches. In one
neighborhood of France 1,000 persons
were burned. In two centuries 200,000
persons were slain as witclies. so
mighty was the delusion that it includ
ed among its victims some of the great
est intellects of all time, such as Chief
Justice Matthew Hale and Sir Edward
Coke, and such renowned ministers of
religion as Cotton Mather, one of whose
books, Benjamin Franklin said shaped
I his life and Richard Baxter, and Arch-
I bishop Cranner and Martin Luther;
and, among writers and philosophers,
Lord Bacon. That belief, which' has
become the laughing stock of all sen
sible people, counted its disciples
among the wisest and best people of
Sweden, Germany, England, France,
Spain and New England. But while we
reject witchcraft, any man who be-
lieves the Bible must believe that there
are diabolical agencies abroad in the
world. While there are ministering
spirits to Jbless there are infernal spirits
to hinder, to poison and to destroy.
Christ was speaking to a spiritual ex
istence when, standing before the af
flicted one of the text, he said: "Thou
dumb and deaf spirit, come out of him."
Against this dumb devil of the text I
put you on your guard. Do not think
that this agent of evil has put his blight
on those who, by omission of the vocal
organs, have had the golden gates of
speech bolted and barred. Among
those who have never spoken a word
are the most gracious and lovely and
talented souls that were ever incarnat
ed. The chaplains of the asylums for
the dumb can tell you enchanting
Btories of those who never called the
name of father or mother or child, and
many of the most devout and prayerful
souls will never in this world speak the
name of God or Christ.
There has been apotheosization of si
lence. Some one has said silence is
umph is to keep your mouth shut. But
sometimes silence is a crime and the
direct result of the baleful influence of
the dumb devil of our text. There is
hardly a man or woman who has not
been present on some occasion when
the Christian religion became a target
for raillery
Perhaps it was over in
the store some day when there was not
much coiner on. and the clerks were in a
group, or it was in the factory at the
noon spell, or it was out on the farm
under the trees while you were resting,
or it was in the clubroom, or it was
in a social circle, or it was in the street
on the way home from business, or it
was on some occasion which you re
member without my describing it.
Some one got the laugh on the Bible
and caricatured the profession of re
ligion as hypocrisy, or made a pun out
of something that Christ said. The
laugh started, and you joined in, and
not one word of protest did you utter.
What kept you silent? Modesty? No.
Incapacity to answer? No. Lack of
opportunity ? No
It was a blow on
both your lips by the wing of the dumb
devil. If some one should malign your
father or mother or wife or husband
or child, you would flush up quick and
either with an indignant word or
doubled ud fist make response. And
yet here is our Christian religion which
has done so much for you and so much
for the world that it will take all eter;
nity to celebrate it, and yet when it was
attacked you did not so much as say
I differ. I object. I am sorry to hear
you say that. There is another side
to this." You Christian people ought
in such times as these to go armed, not
with earthly weapons, but with the
sword of the spirit. You ought to have
four or five questions with which you
could confound any man who attacks
Christianity. A man 90 years old was
telling me how he put to flight a scoffer.
My aged friend said to the skeptic:
"Did jou ever read the history of
Joseph in the Bible?" "Yes," said the
man, "it is a fine story, and as interest
ing a story as I ever read." "Well,
now," said my old friend, "suppose that
account of Joseph stopped halfway?
'Oh," said the man, "then it would not
be entertaining." "Well, now," said my
friend, "we have in this world only half
of everything, and do you not think
that when we hear the last half things
may be consistent, and tiat then we
may find that God was right?"
Oh, friends, better load up with a few
icterrojfatico po&tM Y?U cannot f I
ford to be silent when God and the Bi
ble and the things of eternity are as
sailed. Your silence gives consent to
the bombardment of your Father's
house. You allow a slur to be cast on
your mother's dying pillow. In behalf
of the Christ, who for you went through
the agonies of assassination on the
rocky bluff back of Jerusalem, you
dared not face a sickly ioke. Better
load up with a few questions, so that
next time you will be ready. Say to the
scoffer: "My dear sir, will you tell me
what makes the difference between the
condition of woman in China and in the
United States? What o you think of
the sermon on the mount? How do
you like the golden rule laid down in
the Scriptures? Are you in favor of the
Ten Commandments? In your large
and extensive reading have you come
across a lovelier character than Jesus
Christ? Will you please to name the
triumphant deathbeds of infidels and
atheists? How do you account for the
fact that among the out and out be
lievers in Christianity were such per
sons as Benjamin Franklin, John Rus
kin, Thomas Carlyle, Babington, Mac
aulay, William Penn, Walter Scott,
Charles IviDgsley, Horace Bushnell,
James A. Garfield, Robert E. Lee, Stone
wall Jackson, Admiral Foote, Admiral
Farragut, Ulysses S. Grant, John Mil
ton, William Shakespeare, Chief Jus
tice Marshall, John Adams, Daniel Web
ster, George Washington? Howdoyou
account for their fondness for the
Christian religion? Among the in
numerable colleges and universities
of the earth will you name me three
started by infidels and now supported
by infidels? Down in j our heart are
jou reallj- happy in the position you
occupy antagonistic to the Christian
religion? When do you have the most
rapturous views of the next world?"
Go at him with a few such questions,
and he will get so red in the face as to
suggest apoplexy, and he will look at
his watch and say he has an engage
ment and must go. You will put him in
a sweat that will beat a Turkish bath.
You will put him on a rout compared
with which our troops at Bull Run
made no time at all. Arm j ourself, not
with arguments, but interrogation
points, and I promise you victory. Shall
such a man as you, shall such a woman
as you, surrender to one of the mean
est spirits that ever smoked up from
the pit the dumb devil spoken of in the
text?
But then there are occasions when
this particular spirit that Christ exor
cised when He said: "I charge thee
to come out of him," takes people by
the wholesale. In the most responsive
religious audience have - you noticed
how man- people never sing at all?
They have a book, and they have a
voice, and they know how to read.
Thej- know many of the tunes, and yet
are silent while the great raptures of
music pass by. Among those who sing
not one out of a hundred sings loud
enough to hear his own voice. They
hum it. They give a sort of religious
grunt. They make the lips go, but it is
inaudible. With a voice stronc enouch
to stop a street car one block away all
they can afford in the praise of God is
about half a whisper. With enough
sopranos, enough altos, enough bassos
to make a small heaven between the
four walls they let the opportunity go
by unimproved. The volume of voice
that ascends from the largest audience
that ever assembled ought to be multi
plied two thousandfold. But the min
ister rises and gives out the hj mn, the
organ begins,' the choir or precentor
leads, the audience are standing so
that the lungs may have full expan
sion, and a mighty harmony is about to
ascend when the evil spirit spoken of
in my text the dumb devil spreads
his two wings, one over the lips of one
half the audience and the other wing
over the lips of the other half of the
audience, and the voices roll back into
the throats from which they started,
and only here and there anything is
heard, and nine-tenths of the holy
power is destroyed, and the dumb devil,
as he flies away, saj-s: "I could not
keep Isaac Watts from writing that
hymn, and I could not keep Lowell Ma
son from composing the tune to which
it is set, but I smote into silence or half
silence the lips from which it would
have spread abroad to bless neighbor
hoods and cities and then mount the
wide open heavens." Give the long
meter doxology the full support of
Christendom, and those four lines
would take the whole earth for God.
That hymn, "Oh, For a Thousand
Tongues to Sing," was suggested to
Charles Wesley by Peter Bohler, who,
after his conversion, said: "I had
better keep silent about it." "No,"
said Wesley, "if you had 10,000
tongues, you had better use them for
Christ." And then that angel of
hymnology penned the words:
Oh. for a thousand tongues to sing
My dear Redeemer's praise.
The glories of my God and King,
The triumphs of His grace!
Jesus, the name that calms our fears,
That bids our sorrows cease;
Tis music In the sinner's ears;
'Tis life and health and peace.
While much of the modern music
is a religious doggerel, a consecrated
nonsense, a sacred imbecility, I would
like to see some great musician of
our time lift the baton and marshal
"Luther's Judgment Hymn," "Yar
mouth," "Dundee," "Ariel," "Battle
street," "Uxbridge," "Pleyel's Hymn,"
"Harwell," "Antioch," "Mount Pis
gah" and "Coronation," with a few
regiments of mighty tunes made in
our own time, and storm Asia, Af
rica and America for the kingdom of
God. But the first thing to do is to
drive out the dumb devil of the text
from all our churches.
Do not, however, let us lose our
selves in generalities. Not one of us
but has had our lives sometimes
touched by the evil spirit of
the text this awful dumb devil.
We had just one opportunity of say
ing a Christian word that might have
led a man or woman into a Christian
life. The opportunity was fairly put
before ub. The word of invitation or
coooiaUo 9? warcinj caine q the
inside gate of the mouth, but there
it halted. Some hindering power
locked the jaws together so that they
did not open. The tongue lay flat and
still in the bottom of the mouth as
though struck with paralysis. We
were mute. Though God had given
us the physiological apparatus for
speech and our lungs were filled with
air which by the command of our
will could have made the Iarnygeal
muscles move and the vocal organs
vibrate, we were wickedly and fatal
ly silent. For all time and eternity
we missed our chance, or it was a
prayer meeting, and the service was
thrown open for prayer and remarks,
and there was a dead halt every
thing silent as a gTaveyard at mid
night. Indeed, it was a graveyard
and midnight. An embarrassing pause
took place that put a wet blanket
on all the meeting. Men, bold enough
on business exchange or in worldly
circles, shut their eyes as though they
were praying in silence, but they
were not praying at all. They were
busy 1 oping somebody else would do
his duty. The women flusl ed under
the awful pause and made their fans
more rapidly flutter. Some brother,
with no cold, coughed, by that sound
trying to fill up the time, and tho
meeting was slain. But what killed
it? The dumb devil. This is the way
I account for the fact that the stu
pidest places on earth are some
prayer meetings. I do not see how
a man can keep any grace if he regu
larly attends them. They are spirit
ual refrigerators. Religion kept on
ice. How many of us have lost occa
sions of usefulness? In a sculptor's
studio stood a figure ot the god Op
portunity. The sculptor had made
the hair fall down over the face of
the statue so as to completely cover
it, and there were wings to the feet.
When asked why he so represented
Opportunity, the sculptor answered:
"The face of the statue is thus cov
ered because we do not recognize Op
portunity whefi it comes, and the
wings to the feet show tnat Opportu
nity is swiftly gone.
But do not let the world deride the
church because of all this, for the dumb
devil is just as conspicuous in the world.
The great political parties assemble at
the proper time to build platforms for
the candidates to stand on. A commit
tee of each party is appointed to make
the platform. After proper delibera- ,
tion, the committees come in with a
ringing report: "Whereas," and
Whereas," and "Whereas." Tro-
nunciamentos all shaped with the one
idea of getting the most votes. All ex
pression in regard to the great moral
evils of the country ignored. No ex
pression in behalf of temperate liv
ing, for that would lose the vote of the
liquor traffic. No expression in regard
to the universal attempt at the demoli
ti on of the Lord's day. No recognition
of God in the history of nations, for
that would lose the vote of atheists.
But "Whereas," and " Whereas," and
"Whereas." Nine cheers will be given
for the platform. The dumb devil of
the text puts one wing over one plat
form and the other wingover theother
platform. Those great conventions
are opened with prayer by their chap
lains. If they avoided platitudes and
told the honest truth in their prayers
they would say: "O Lord, we want to
be postmasters and consuls and foreiga.
ministers and United States district
attorneys. For that we are here, and
for that we will strive till the election
next November. Give us office, or we
die. Forever and ever, amen." The
world, to say the least, is no better than
the church on this subject of silence at
the wrong time. In other words, is it
not time for Christianity to become
pronounced and aggressive as never be
fore? Take sides for God and sobriety
and righteousness. "If the Lord be
God, follow Him." Have you oppor
tunity of rebuking a sin? Rebuke it.
Have you a chance to cheer a disheart
ened soul? Cheer it. Have you a use
ful word to speak? Speak it.
Be out and out, up and down for
righteousness. If your ship is afloat
on the Pacific ocean of God's mercy,
hang out your colors from t-'ie mast
head. Show your passport, if you
have one. Do not smuggle your soul
into the harbor of Heaven. Speak
out for God! Close up the chapter
of lost opportunities and open a new
chapter. Before you get to the door
on your way out shake hands with
some one and ask him to join you on
the road to Heaven. Do not drive up
to Heaven in a two-wheeled "sulky"
with room only for one, and that
yourself, but get the biggest Gospel
wagon you can find and pile it full
of friends and neighbors and shout
till they hear you all up and down
the skies: "Come with us, and we
will do you good, for the Lord hath
promised good concerning Israel."
The opportunity for good which you
may consider insignificant may bo
tremendous for results, as when on
the sea Capt. Haldane swore at the
ship's crew with an oath that wished
them all in perdition, and a Scotch
sailor touched his cap and said:
"Captain, God hears prayer, and we
would be badly off if your wish were
answered." Capt. Haldane -was con
victed by the sailor's remark and con
verted and became the means of the
salvation of his brother Robert, who
had been an infidel, and then Robert
became a minister of the Gospel, and
under his ministry the godless Felix
Neff became the world-renowned mis
sionary of the cross, and the worldly
Merle d'Aubigne became the author
of "The History of the Reformation"
and will be the glory of the church
for all ages. Perhaps you may do
as much as the Scotch sailor who just
tipped his cap and used one broken
sentence by which the earth and the
heavens are still resounding with po
tent influences. Do something for
God, and do it right away or you will
never do it at all.
Time flies away fast.
The while we never remember;
How soon our life hem
Grows old with the ysar
That cu? tvltb U res I ijvI;?J
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