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EOLIVAR, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, MARCH 29, 1901.
t to TflPrBOL
(The following pajcr was read ly Prof. If. S.
Taylor before the Hardeman County Farmers In
stitute, in session at ISolivar, Saturday, March 16.
(?entlemen, in the begiuuiug of
ibis talk, let me ibafiik you for tbe
bonor conferred on myself as shown
by your invitation to address you
on a subject so near to my heart,
and I will add, a eubjeet that should
be very dear to every, true citizen.
I have ever deemed myself for
tunate in having been reared on a
farm where I had the opportunity
to imbibe firm and independent
ideas of liberty, to associate with
those who were uncontaminated by
the vises of the city and unallured
by its many temptations.
Thomas Jefferson, next to Wash
ington, the greatest of America's
proP'sons, spoke truly when he
saiuthat the greatness and prosper
ity of our country would depend on
the advancement of our farmers.
Qincinnatus, the noblest of the Ro
mans, Burns, the greatest of poets,
and Washington, the grandest of
nature's noblemen, by retiring from
' J 0
the highest earthly stations have!
shown us that no greater honor can
be given than of being born and
reared on a farm.
While this is true, the startling . j
r . - . t - . i
idea confronts us to-day, that many
of our besUcitizens are leaving their
farms and moving to the towns and
cities. This fact is due largely to
the greater school advantages af
forded. This illustrates the importance of
my subject, "The Public Schools
and their Importance." The public
schools while of recent growth,
comparatively, have 6hown by the
great benefit they have brought to
our people, that they not only have
the right to exist, but that with
their existence is bound the prosper
ity of our people.
An act passed by the legislature
in the early fifties due largely to the
efforts of Neil S. Brown, was the
first definite attempt to establish a
public school system.
though resulting in little immediate
good did much to awaken a perma
nent interest of which we see the
fruit in the glorious achievements
during the last few years. In 1873
a school law was passed, providing
for a State Superintendent of Pub
lic Instruction, County Superinten
dents and directors for each dis
trict and for the maintenance of sep
arate schools for the whites and)
blacks. Since then the support giv-1
en public schools has increased
greatly and the benefit accruing
thereby can scarcely be overestimat
ed. - In his last report Hon. Morgan
Fitzpatrick, State Superintendent,
gives the enrollment in public
schoools as follows: Whites 384,
049, colored 100, 705, making a
grand total of 485.3-34 or about 61
per cent of the entire scholastic pop
ulation of the State' between the
ages of 6 and 21 years. While we
deplore the fact that too large a per
centage of the children in the State
fail to avail themselves of the ad
vantages arising from our public
school system, yet when wc compare
the above numbers with the enroll
ment of all private schools and
church schools of all grades in the
."State we are shown how largely our
people depend upon the free schools
for educating their children.
The economy exercised in sus
taining the public schools of Ten
nessee is somewhat remarkable.
A comparison with the schools of
Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and
some other leading states will show
that our State provides educational
advantages fonher children at about
one-half the cost in the states above
mentioned. The curriculum in the
public schools of this Stale lias been
extended until it is sufficient to fit a'
student not only for the active du
ties of life, but if properly pursued
to give a thorough preparation for
entrance into the regular, classes of
our State University, where he may
receive a well rounded education
free of charge.
Just, here we will remark that it
is strange that every county court
does not see lit to so supplement the
public school fund that every child
within the county may have the op
portunity of attending school at
least five or six months during each
year. The public schools are no
longer an experiment, they havk
come to stay, and I will a id, to
bless the children of Tennessee. Ed
ucation is a necessity, "We must
educate, or we must perish," and at
no previous time in ourbistovy as a
nation has this truth beenso plain
to the people of the South, yea, to
the entire country.
The demauds of to-day call for a
thorough, practical education, for
p.verv bnv and overv xrl who would
make a success in life.
The increase of machinery calls
for educated workmen to operate
same. Many articles formerly pro
duced by the hand are now the
products of machinery.
Mind and not muscle shall master
the Universe about us. As the de
mand for manual labor grows less
and less, the tax on intelligence
steadily increases. The boy, or the
girl, who remains uneducated must
of necessity become a hewer of wood
and a drawer of water for those who
are more favored by fortune. If we
wish our children to become inlelli
gent and independent citizens we
must educate them. Fathers and
mothers who fail to acknowledge
this great debt they owe their chil
dren are guilty of a 'fearful sin in
the sight of heaven and should be
regarded as criminals in the eyes of
every true patriot.
If we must educate, the public
schools as they bring au education
within the reach of the poorest,
must be sustained if all other inter
ests suffer. Friends, if we fail in
every undertaking except this, let
us not deprive our children of- such
a glorious heritage. Dr. Dabuey,
the Chancellor of the University of
Tennessee, shows conclusively by
statistics that education increases
the producing capacity of the citi
zenship from one hundred to two
hundred per cent. Education, bv
creating a kind of discontent with
our present condition becomes a
great factor for progress. Educa
tion is thus in itself a good thing.
The public school is the only avail
able means of bringing this within
reach of the laboring man. "
The public school is to the far
mer the most beneficial institution
in existence. In sparsely s.ettled
communities and where the children
are largely used to labor for a part
of the year, private schools can not
I think the public school terms
should be so arranged asto benefit
the farmer, not only from the above
considerations but for the addition
al reason that with the farming class
rests, largely, the prosperity of our
Doubtless the employment of in
competent teachers has lessened the
good that might have been the re
sult of the public school system,
and this fact has given just ground
of complaint; still each legislature
seeks, by just and rigid legislation,
to guard well the door to the pro
fession of teaching. This is right,
and we long to see the day when a
special preparation for thi profes
sion of teaching will be regarded as
essential as in the case of the profes
sions of law and medicine. Short
terras and irregular attendance have
been great factors in hindering the
work of the teacher.
Gentlemen, the public school
teacher needs your sympathy and
your utmost support financially and
morally. . Let us pay him a reason
able salary and give him permanent
work as far as is possible and then
require efficient labor in return. If
the people of Tennessee continue to
foster the publie'sehooV system we
shall soou see the day when our
young men will realize the limitless
resources of wealth and happiness
to be found in their own 'State, and
cease to seek for homes elsewhere.
Theu let us still labor with this aim
in view a permanent school for as
long a term as possible each year
within reach of every child in the
Having this day suggested the in
solvency of the estate of Jerry
Brown, dee'd, notice is hereby giv
en to all persons having claims
against said estate to' file same, duly
authenticated, with the Clerk of the
County Court of Hardeman County,
Tennessee, on or before the 18th
day of September, 11)01, or the same
will be forever barred in law and
equity. This lSih day of March,
1901. Geo. M. Doeuis,
a 12. Administrator.
In the Circuit Court of Hardeman
County, Tenn., at Bolivar, May
term, 1901. S. E. West vs Knox
In this cause it appearing from
the petition, which is sworn to,
that the defendant, ?Kiox West, is
a non-resident of the State of Ten
nessee, and is a resident of the
State of Mississippi, so that the or
dinary process of law cannot be
served on him; it is therefore or
dered that publication be made in
the Bohvau Bulletin, a newspaper
published in the town of Bolivar,
for four consecutive weeks, requir
ing the defendant, Knox West, to
appear within the first three days
of the May term, 1901, of said
Court and plead, answer or demur
to the allegations set out in the bill,
otherwise the same will be taken
for confessed as to him and set for
hearing ex parte. March 20, 1901.
S. II. JONES, Clerk.
A. J. Coates, Solicitor.
in the County Court of Hardeman
County Tennessee. W. F. Rey
nolds vs. heirs of Jeremiah Key
nolds, dee'd. Petition to sell
land for division. No. 14S2 R.D.
Iu this cause it- appearing from
the petition, which is sworn to, that
the defendants, W. J. Taylor and
James Clark and wife, Emeline
Clark, are non-residents of the State
of Tennessee and are residents of
the State ,of Missouri, so that the
ordinary process of law cannot be
served upon them. It is therefore
ordered that publication be made
iu the Bolivar Bulletin, a news
paper published in the town of Bol
ivar, County of Hardeman and State
of Tennessee, for four consecutive
weeks requiring the above defend
ants to enter their appearance in the
above stated cause pending. in the
County Court of Hardeman County,
Tennessee, within the first three
days of the April term thereof,
1901, and plead, answer or demur to
the same or the allegations of the
petition will be taken for confessed
as to them and set for hearing ex
parte. JULIUS CRAWFORD,
. C & M.
Wood & McNeal, Solicitors.
This March 8, 1901.
Remarkable Cures of Rheumatism.
From the Vindicator, Rutlierlordton, X. C.
The editor of ihe Vindicator has
had occasion to test the efficacy of
Chamberlain's Pain Balm twice
with the most remarkable results
in each case. First, with rheuma
tism in the shoulder from which he
suffered excruciating pain for ten
days, which was relieved with two
applications of Pain Balm, rubbing
the parts afflicted and realizing in
stant benefit and entire relief in a
short time. Second, in rheumatism
in thigh joint, almost postrating
him with severe pain, which was re
lieved by two applications, rubbing
with the liniment on retiring at
night, and getting up free from
pain. For sale by W. J. Cox, Bol
ivar.; J. W. Nuckolls, Toone.
Strikes A Rich Find. .
"I was troubled for several years
with chronic indigestion and ner
vons debility," writes F. J. Green,
of .Lancaster, N. II., "no remedy
helped ine until I began using Elec
tric Bitters, which did me more
good than all the medicines I ever
used. They hav.e also kept my
wife in excellent health for years.
She says Electric Bitters are jus
splendid for female troubles; that
they are a grand tonic and invip.t
rator for weak, run down women,
no other medicine can take its place
in our family." Try them. Only 50c.
Satisfaction guaranteed by W.J.Cox.
A Good Cough Medicine for Children
"I have no hesitancy: in recom
mending Chamberlain's Cough Rem
edy," says F. P. Moran, a well
known ami popular baker of Peters
burg, Va. "We have given it to
our children when troubled with
bad coughs, also whooping cough,
and it has always given perfect sat
isfaction. It was recommended t'o
me by a druggist as the best cough
medicine for children as it contain
ed no opium or other harmful drue:."
Sold by W. J. Cox, Bolivar; J. W.
A beautiful line of Wall
Paper just received for
beauty and low prices it can't
be beat. W. J. Cox.
Night Was Her Terror.
"I would cough nearly all night
long," writes Mrs. Chas Applegate,
of .Alexandria, Ind., "and could
hardly get any sleep. I had con
sumption so bad that if I walked a
block I would cough frightfully and
spit blood, but, when all other med
icines failed, three $1.00 bottles of
Dr. King's New Discovery wholly
cured me and I gained 58 pounds."
It's absolutely guaranteed to cure
coughs, colds, lagrippe, bronchitis,
and all throat and lung troubles.
Price 50c and $1.00. Trial fcottles
free at W. J. Cox's drug store.
Dry, Goods, Costumes, Carpets,
DRAPERIES, BOYS' CLOTHING,
BUTTERICK'S PATTERNS, ETC., ETC.
We have opened the SPRING AND " SUMMER SEASON under more
satisfactory conditions than have ever before existed during the life of
this great business.
All that is Newest and Most Wanted, all that is Rarest and Scarcest
elsewhere is shown here plentifully and at Remarkably Low, Reasonable
Preces. Our well orgauized
Mail Order Department
gives people from a distance the same advantage of choosing from these
mammoth assortments as is enjoyed by city customers.
on receipt of all reasonable requests. No Catalogues issued, but corre
spondence is given our best attention, and orders are filled promptly
Bi LOWESTEIM & BROS., Memphis, tenn.
We have just received and opened a large and
well selected line of Hardware and Agricultural Im
plements, which we offer to the public at low prices.
We handle the well known Chattanooga Plows and
Deering Mowing Machines; also carry a large line
of Cooking and Heating Stoves and a splendid as
sortment of the celebrated "Keen Kutter Kutlery
in fact we keep in stock everything connected with
the Hajtfware business," and will take pleasure in
serving the public, whose patronage we solicit. tv
Also agents for Oliver Chilled Plows
W. H. REYNOLDS & CO.
O. JR. REYNOLDS, Manairer.
Uew Goods !
$ I have recently open- $
eu a new stock of
DRY GOODS, NOTIONS,
& CLOTHING, SHOES,
HATS, CAPS, ETC. $
$ in the building' recently
vacated by Brewer, Ma- $
$ Side of the Square. I $
pi jiwi r-Vyii1 uijbi bkjijIKjii: a &
$ SHARK OF THE PTJBL.TC $
$ path on ag e and prom- $
$ ise to treat my customers
$ fairly and to ive them $
j good values.
I M. GABRIEL, I
BOLIVAP., - - TS2T2T. Mf
An Honest Medicine for LaGrippe.
George W. Waitt, of South Gar
diner, Me., says: "I have had the
worst cough, cold, chills and grip
and have taken lots of trash of no
account but profit to the vendor.
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy is
the only thing that has done any
good whatever. I have used one
bottle of it and the chills, cold and
grip have all left me. I congratu
late the manufacturers of an honestN
medicine." For sale by W. J.
Cox,, Bolivar; J. W. Nuckolls,
Working 24 Hours a Day,
There's no rest for those tireless
little workers Dr. King's New
Life Pills. Millions are always
busy, curing torpid liver, jaundice,
biliousness, fever and asue. They
banish sick headache, drive out Ma
laria. Never gripe or weaken.
! Small, taste nice, work wonders.
I Try them. 25e at W. J. Cox's.