VOL. XXXVI-NO. 38.
BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 1901.
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.00 Per Year
II IE IB.
Widespread Disaster From the Re
cent Snow and Rain Storms
in the Ohio Valley.
LOSSES WILL AGGREGATE MILLIONS.
Transportation antl Wire Service Practical
ly Paralyzed, and All Industrial Kn
terpriHca Impeded bjr Superabundant
Water Fruits and Utlier Crops Have
Cincinnati, April 21. There lias
Ik en more alarm throughout the Ohio
valley to-dav on account of floods
than at any period since February,
3N.S4, when th-j Ohio river reached its
highest stage of 71 feet, and 9 inches
at this cilv. Most of the inhabitants
of the valley spent the night in anti
ripation of the worst flood ever known
in the valley as they will not know
until to-morrow that the water has
been falling at Pittsburgh. Until this
news reached the river men here to
night it was feared that the record of
lSl might be broken, but now it is
generally believed that the river will
not exceed the floods of February,
lsi7, and of March. IS'.iS. when it
reached 61 feet at Cincinnati.
The pro-en t. flood is the worst that
lias ever been known so late in the
spring. The first week in April, 1SS6,
1he river reached .V feet and 9 inches
in this city, and that was the highest
water ever known so late m me
spring. Theiv has been no flood in the
Ohio vallev since March, 1!S. The
flood will do much more damage now
than it. would have done one or two
While the water has began to fall
fit Pittsburgh both rain and snow-
have been failing heavily last night
ar.d to-day and to-night all along the
Ohio valley. The danger line lias al
ready been reached at points above
Cincinnati, and it will be reached here
The merchants and manufacturers
in the lower part of the city have
"been working all day and night pre
paring for the worst. Early this even
ing the weal her bureau here an
nounced heavy snows and rains along
the Ohio vallev. The uniform rise
during the day was four-tenths of a
foot per hour, but the average is
The weather bureau announced that
the danger line lias been readied it
all upper substations to-night, and
that it will be reached in Cincinnati
to-morrow noon. The stage, was 41
feet and seven-tenths at six o'clock
here, to-night, and the danger line is
At Point Pleasant the stage is eight
feet above the danger line to-night,
with the river rising rapidly and a
heavy rain. The mayor of Ports
mouth, O., telegraphed that the dan
ger line had been readied there and
that a heavy snow was falling to
night. Similar reports have been received
from all over southern Ohio, and as
far north as Springfield.
Trains are iate on all railroads and
pome trains that were due last night
jrom the east have not yet arrived.
It. is generally conceded that the
fruit crop throughout the Ohio valley
is gone and the damage to crops is
WHi;EI-l(i IS ISOLATED.
YloMirtcnlH AlnnR lite Iliver Itnnka
Kiriits; nt rast.oine Stoiimcrji.
"Wheeling, W. Va., April 21. At 9 p.
m. the river is 41 feet 4 inches,- and
rising two inches an hour. The top
notch is expected in an hour or two
with less than forty-two feet. This
stage shutsW heeling entirely off from
outside communication by rail and
only the big Cincinnati liners are able
to run now, and irate residents along
the river banks are tiring frequently
at the boats because the swell from
them is washing the foundations away
from their houses. To-night a "Wheel
ing island man fired at the. packet
Keystone State and at a passing tow
boat, but without effect.
In Wheeling, Pellaire, Bridgeport.
Ben wood and Martin's Ferry about
five hundred houses have been entered
by the water, most of the families
moving to upper floors. Nearly every
manufacturing establishment in the
Wheeling1 district is shut down and
can not resume until Tuesday.
At Martin's Ferry the water des
troyed f.00,000 brick at the Uelmont
Brick Co., entailing a loss of $20,000
to $;U),000. There are smaller losses at
other plants, aggregating probably
$40,000. Taking the loss of business,
railroad landslides and industrial
losses the aggregate cost of the flood
in this difirict- is at least $100,090,
Above Martin's Ferry, James Ford,
a miner, discoverel the Cleveland fc
Pittsburgh track washed out. Know
ing a north-bound passenger train
was due in ::0 minutes, he returned a
part of the distance and succeeded in
fctopping the train a few yards from
THE STOlOl AT CLEVELAXD.
Trolley Traffic Badly Crippled Fire
Alarm "Wires Prostrated.
Cleveland, O., April 21. The fierce
storm that swept over this city and
northern Ohio throughout yesterday
and last night grauully subsided to
day. It was fol'ov.ed to-night by a
Notwithstanding the heroie efforts
of the telegraph and telephone com
panies to repair their prostrate lines,
there ha been little improvement to
tii serrtcs tfeufjyr. .Tjefes ob pras.
tically all roads entering the city con
tinue to arrive from one to three
hours behind schedule time.
Traffic on the city street car lines
continued to be badly crippled all day
as a result of the deep snow and slush
on the tracks. So heavy is the snov;
ar.d slush in many places that the
most powerful sweepers became
stalled in it.
A large section of the city is still
cut oil' from communication by wire
with fire headquarters. Some fire
alarm boxes are out of service and
even tire stations are without tele
graph or telephone commotion as a
result of the general prostration of
CHEAT LOSSES AT P1TTSBI nII.
Tlie 3Inrkcy "Water RecetllnK After
DoinKT Million of Damage.
Pittsburgh, Pa., April 21. Pitts
burgh and Allegheny are slowly
emerging from the murkey flood
At 8 p. m. the rivers were re
ceding nearly a foot an hour. The
highest point reached at Davis Island
dam was 25.8 feet at 3 a. m., whkn
means L'S feet at the junction of the
Allegheny and Monongahela rivers.
The water remained stationary until
about 3 p. m., when it began to fall.
Conservative estimates of the total
damage in this district are between
$',(iOO,000 and $,000,000. Fifty thousand
workers are suffering from enforced
id I vn ess.
While there have been greater
floods at this point, there never was
one that caused so meuli financial loss
and discomfort. This was due to the
denser population caused by the re
cent growth of the two cities and to
the fact, that all the manufacturing
plants on the banks of the river were
operating, most of them working
night and day until the rising water
put out the tires and drove the work
ers to higher ground.
The loss to railroads entering Pitts-
burgh from floods, landslides,
wrecked bridges, heavy snows and in
terference with traffic is roughly esti
mated at $1,000,000.
IIAIX AXI1 OW FOIl TS HOURS.
Itiver Above tlie Unnerr Line and
Ten Feet More Expected.
Huntington, W. Va., April 21. At
six o'clock this evening the rain and
snow which had been falling for 78
hours ceased. The Ohio passed the
danger line of 50 feet and is still ris
ing. Fully ten feet more of water is
expected here. Great damage lias re
suited throughout, the southern and
central portions of the state.
Carter Slatington was drowned in
Tug rher and John Swanson was
drowned in the Guvandotte while en
deavoring to save property.
Catiett sburg, Credo, Central City,
Dingess, Dunlow, Hargoursville and
many smaller towns are suffering
WORST IX SIXTY YEARS.
Fires Started lty Crowed Wire-All
Trallic Knocked Out.
Erie, Pa., April 21. The snow storm
of Friday night ami Saturday and th:
sleet storm of Saturday night was t.'ie
worst known here in CO years, and
surpassed the famous bli.zard of
March, ISSS. There is 12 inches of
snow on the level, and during Satur
day nearly every trolley line in the
city was knocked out. Traffic was
resumed iriegularly. Saturday night
there were two fires from crossed tel
ephone wires carrying heavy currents
into the buildings. Suburban, stage,
mail and trolley lines were aban
doned. There was four feet of water
on the hake Shore, Yandalia anil
Grand Tiunk railroads. A heavy snow
plow went off. the track and tore up
200 feet of track. At Danville and
Harbor Creek trains jumped the track
and at West field, N. Y., several cars
on a freight left the rails.
A DELUGE OF IIAIX.
Effects of the Great April Snow
Storm nt lluiValo.
Puffalo, N. Y., April 21. The deluge
of rain that followed in the wake of
the big snow storm yesterday, con
tinued throughout last night and to
day, leaving but little of the foot of
snow that covered the ground yester
day morning. A few patches of white
where the snow drifted and trees with
broken branches are the only signs of
the great April snow storm.
.Reports from points along the
southern s.hore of hake Frie say that
the damage to fruit trees will be
great. The wet tnow clung to the
branches until they gave way under
its weight, leaving only the trunks
THE STORM AT XEAV YORK.
Traffic Delayed lee-Covered Trains
. Property Destroyed.
New York, April 21. Owing to the
heavy storm which has been raging
in the west, all traffic east of Cleve
land has been delayed from two to
seven hours. The Grand Central depot
proented a strange appearance this
afternoon as the belated western
trains lumbered in several hours .'ate,
with their roofs and steps encrusted
with snow and ice.
Considerable property was de
stroyed along West street in this city,
owing to the flooding of cellars.
Large quantities of perishable prop
erty was stored in the cellars along
this street, and much of it was de
stroyed by the water, which, in many
places, was waist deep.
Hundreds of Families Driven Oat.
Ironton, O., April 21. The Ohio riv
er was 50.9 at six' o'clock to-night vnd
rising three inches an hour. Several
hundred families in the low-lying- dis
tricts of the city evacuated their
homes to-night. Destitute sufferer
are beicg- cared for in sc&qoI bouses
The foouso joint resolution proposing to so
Amend tlio constitution as to give the legislature
authority to grant cities, taxing districts, etc.,
of over 3t',0(io population exclusive jurisdiction
over their territory, separating tlieiu from civil
districts ant counties, failed ayes 41, noes 25,
not a constitutional majority.
The senate resolution providing that counties
and cities sliail not Incur indebtedness ot over
10 per cent, of the taxable valuation of thair
property was adopted, 69 to 14.
The senate resolution providing that cities,
towns, etc., shall have authority to levy special
assessments lor improvements in particular
parts of their territory was adopted, 57 to 12.
Tlie house resolution providing for exempting
industrial enterprises, manufactories, etc., from
county and municipal taxation for ten years by
county courts or city legislative bodies was
adopted, 63 to 9.
The homo resolution proposing a constitu
tional amendment by means ot which amend
ments to the constitution may be more easily
made, failed, receiving 44 votes for to 47 against.
The house went on record against the dog law
when It passed tlie Bashaw bill, reversing its
action of a few days ago, when a dog law failed
for want of a constitutional majority. The
senate has also passed a dog law, and the
friends of dog legislation must now get tha
Bashaw law through the senate, as the house
will not accept the same bllL It barely secured
a constitutional majority, several members ab
senting themselves from the ll'jor In order not
to have to go on record.
The house also passed the senate road bill.
It is a practical re-enactment of the law of
191, and is much shorter and simpler than the
bill passed by the house earlier In the session.
In the senate the report of the -agricultural
commits was submitted. The committee made
no recommendation In Its report, except or some
correction in regard to the sale of fertilizers.
The committee was of the opinion that farmers
were being impose! upon by the sale ot worth
Both houses agreed to the conference com
mittee's report on the general primary election
The feature of the legislative proceedings was
the fight in the senate over the terminal bill, by
which it is sought to so amend the act creating
the Louisville & Nashville Terminal Company
of Nashville as to let the Tennes3see Central
Kaiiroad enjoy the benpflts and advantages of the
terminals upon its paying tho same rates of
rental as the railroads now holding contracts
with the company. On final voe tha bill failed
for want of a constitutional majority, but a mo
tion to reconsider was entered.
The house dispose I of a number of constitu
tional amendment bills and passed tho penalty
The bill to amend the constitution so as to
give the general assembly authority to enact
local road and stock laws passed, as did the
amendment to leave tha establishment of in
ferior courts to the general as sembly. The bills
seeking to amend the constitution so that the
secretary ot State, comptroller and treasurer
may be elected by popular vote was also passed,
but there was adverse action on the bill to
amend the constitution so as to locate the su
preme court at Nashville.
The house adopted a resolution to print the
evidence la the Peeler investigation In the jour
The bill imposing a penalty on Insurance com
panies for falling to promptly pay losses, which
passed the house yesterday, today received the
sanction of the senate.
The Southern Appalachian forest reserve bill
passed finally, after being amended so as to
limit tho reserve in Tennessee to a strip twenty
miles wide along the North Carolina line. Tho
house later concurred in the senate amendment.
The senate passed the house bill providini for
a tax 0.1 railway cars belonging to non-resident
corporations other than railway companies.
The senate also passed bills permitting the
prison commissioners to hire out convicts to be
used in the construction of a railroad from the
State mines at Brushy Mountain to Nashville,
and empowering tho commissioners to sell cer
tain isolated portions of the coal lands.
The Bashaw dog law. passed by the house,
was amended by the senate by substituting the
Tillman bill, which passed the senate before,
but was tabled by the house. The senate did
not consider the Bashaw bill so effective as the
Tillman bill, and for that reason declined to re
cede from its former action.
The house passed the bill to extend the pro
visions of the Dortch election law to wards and
districts in counties of 15,090 and over.
The senate non-concurred in the house amend
ments to the road bill, and conferences will be
The senate agreed to the conference report on
the road law, and then took up the legislative
and miscellaneous appropriation bill.
There was some objection to the item in the
bill of expenses for railroad fare for the Investi
gation committees that visited the State peni
tentiary and the various State institutions.
Senator Tillman asserting that the members of
these committees had not paid railroad fare,
but the item was allowed to stand.
Amendments to the appropriation bill were
adopted as follows: Appropriating J8,4oo for
Improvements and repairs at the West Tennes
see insane asylum; $25,000 for an addition to the
central hospital for the insane, together with
$5,000 f or improvements and repairs at same;
$3,500 to make up a deficit at the Soldiers' Home ;
$18,080 for an addition to the Tennessee blind
school and to equip same; $14,355 to make up a
deficit at the Tennessee industrial school, to
buy land and building used by small girls and
to construct a crematory. Appropriations for
Insurance at the various Institutions were
stricken out, as was an appropriation of $7,2J3
to purchase a building for colored blind chil
dren. The house refused to concur In the senate
amendments to the dog law, thus killing all
hope of dog legislation at this session.
The house again refused to agree to the senate
amendments to the dog law, although the con
ferees sent in an unanimous recommendation to
that effect. Another conference committee was
appointed, with the result that the senate
yielded and the Bashaw bill, passed by the
house, was accepted.
Most of the time of the two houses was de
voted to the consideration ot county line bills.
charter bills and amendments to existing city
The special committee to investigate the
books and accounts of the comptroller's office
reported, but the report was not read. It shows
the condition of the State's finances to be ex
cellent and contains nothing of a sensational
Knights and Ladles of Honor.
The Grand Lodge of Tennessee,
Knights and Ladies of Honor, held a
two-days' session a i Nashville last week
and elected the following- officers: Geo.
F. Hager of Nashville, protector; J. M.
Fink of Jonesboro, vice-protector; H.
Euttenberg of Memphis, secretary; E.
O. Buchanan of Gallatin, treasurer;
Mrs. Slattery of Memphis, chaplain;
Mrs. Mary Maher of Memphis, guar
dian; Mrs. J. W. Jones of LaGrange,
sentinel; Mrs. S. E. Lane of Gallatin,
guide. E. C. Buchanan was elected su-
nrenae representative for igr years.
STATE NEWS, 8
Report on Smallpox.
The statement of the smallpox situa
tion in the State for the period frocc
October 1 to April 1 has been issued 05
Dr. J. A. Albright, secretary of the
State board of health. The report
shows a total of 4,217 cases for the
period, with 03 deaths. Of the total
number of cases 1,45? were white. ' The
report further shows 491 cases April 1.
jThe counties in which the disease was
most widespread and the number of
cases follows: Anderson county 05,
t Campbell C5, Carroll 131, Cocke GO, Cof-
'fee 101, Crockett 100, Nashville 120,
Davidson county 12 5, Decatur 165, Fay
ette 50, Franklin 75, Gibson 103, Ham
ilton 2G7, Henry 231, Jefferson 147,
' Knox 1GG, Lincoln GO, Madison 10S, Ma
rion 113, McNairy 65, Montgomery 57,
Putnam 84, Rhea 79, Roane 218, Shelby
87, Tipton 5S, Weakley 100, Williamson
52. The disease is shown to have ex
isted in seventy-one counties. Maury
county refused to make a report.
Overcome by Good News.
Caleb and Fanny O'Dannon, brother
and sister, aged 74 and 76 years re
spectively, came to Chattanooga with
three brothers in the '5Cs from Scot
land. Two of the brothers died of yel
low fever in 1876, and in 1SS0 William
went West and had not been heard
from since until last week, and it was
believed he was dead. Caleb and Fanny
have been invalids for fifteen .years,
and have lived in most abject poverty,
j relying- upon charity of neighbors for
necessaries of life. A letter was re
ceived last week from William O'Dan
non, now of near Wichita, Kas., send
ing money to provide for- the wants of
the old couple, and directing they ba
sent to him so that he may care for
i them the balance of their days. Wil
. liara stated in his letter that he had ac-
cumulated a fortune in the West.
! Fanny was overcome by the good news,
, and serious fears are entertained for
j her recovery.
Melancholy Incident at Troy.
One of the saddest incidents in the
history of Troy was closed one day last
week with the funeral of Miss Judson
Rochclle, who died just seven hours
after the funeral of her father, J. A.
Rochelle. Mr. Rochelle was about 5J
years old, and had been a merchant in
Troy for the past twenty years, and
was also identified with other business
affairs, and was a consistent member of
the Cumberland" Fresbj-terian church.
v as s.
" or three days.
and at the time of his funeral his
daughter, Miss Judson, vas in good
health, and would have attended, but
for exhaustion from the severe ner
vous strain. In a very short time after
the sad procession left tho house she
was seized by a convulsion, became
unconscious and never rallied. She
was a beautiful woman about 21 years
old, loved by all who knew her, and
prominent in church and social circles.
A Crockett Comity Killing.
A shocking tragedy was enacted near
Humboldt last week. Freeman Pat
terson, a man 72 years of age, shot and
instantly killed John B. Tatum, a mag
istrate of Crockett county. The trouble
arose about a three-wire cross fence
dividing the farms of the two parties,
but as it was only a slight dispute
nothing was expected from it. How
ever a few days later Patterson loaded
his shotgun with buckshot, and when
Tatum was passing his hottse, dis
charged both loads at him, blowing the
top of his head almost off.
Mast ray the Policy.
Judge Clark of Chattanooga handed
down a decision last week in the case ol
Robert L. Frierson, the latter having
lost his life on his way to Alaska in the
ill-fated Jesse. Deceased was insured
in the iEtna company, and the policy
was contested on the ground that the
evidence of death was insuflicient, no
one having seen the young man after
death. The court held the evidence
sufficient and awarded judgment
against the company for $10,000.
Gov. McMillin refused to honor tht
requisition of Gov. Sayers of Texas fot
Tom C. Irvin, arrested at Dresden, on
the charge of murdering Capt. Curry at
Bowie, Texas, twenty years ago. Great
pressure was brought to bear on Gov.
McMillin by friends of Irvin, who has
been an exemplary citizen of Dresden
for twelve years or more.
Prisoners Break Jail.
Seven prisoners escaped from the
county jail at Dandridge one night last
week. They pried their cell doors
open, drilled a hole through a brick
wall and descended sixteen feet. They
had from one to three year sentences.
Union City's Building- Boom.
There is a good deal of building go
ing on in Union City, mostly dwelling
houses, of which there are none vacant.
This summer will likely see more
houses erected in Union City than has
been ereeted there in several years.
Capt. Blackbarn, AUIe-de-Camp.
Capt. J. K. P. Blackburn has been ap
pointed aide-de-camp, with the rank o
major, on the staff of Brig. -Gen. Bax
ter Smith of Nashville, of Forrest's old
command, for the reunion at Memphis
in May. Capt. Blackburn is one of the
four surviving members in this State of
the noted Texas Rangers.
Jackson Sons of Veterans.
The United Sons of Confederate
Veterans of Jackson have decided to
go to the Memphis Reunion in a special
car and decorate the. car hand
THE ONE ABOVE ALL.
Dr. Talmage Sounds Praises of the
lie Pats Before Vn the Portraits of
Some of His Great Disciples and
Exponents The Glories
Copyright, 1901. by Louis Klopsch, N. Y.
In this discourse Dr. Talmage
sounds the praises of the world's Re
deemer aud puts before us the por
traits of some of His great disciples
and exponents; text, John 3, 31: "He
that cometh from above is above all."
The most conspicuous character of
history steps out upon the platform.
The linger which, diamonded with
light, pointed down to Him from the
Bethlehem sky was only a ratification
of the finger of prophecy, the finger of
genealogy, the finger of chronology,
the finger of events all five fingers
pointing in one direction. Christ is
the overtopping figure of all time. He
is the vox humana in all music, the
graeefulest line in all sculpture, the
most exquisite mingling of lights and
shades in all painting, the acme of all
climaxes, the dome of all cathedraled
grandeur and the peroration of all
The Greek alphabet is made up of
21 letters, and when Christ compared
Himself to the first letter and the last
letter, the alpha and the omega, He
appropriated to Himself all the splen
dors that you can spell out with those
two letters and all the letters between
thewi. "I am the alpha and the omega,
the beginning and the end, the first
and the last," or, if you prefer the
words of the text, "above all."
It means, after you have plied up all
Alpine and Himala3-an altitudes, the
glory of Christ would have to spread
its wings and descend a thousand
leagues to touch those summits.
Pelion, a high mountain of Thessaly;
Ossa, a high mountain, and Olj-mpxis,
a high mountain, but mj-thologj' tells
us when the giants warred against the
gods they piled up these three moun
tains and from the top of them pro
posed to sale the heavens, but the
height was not great enough, and
there was a complete failure. And
after all the giants Isaiah and Paul,
prophetic and apostolic giants;
Raphael and Michael Angelo, artistic
giants; cherubim and seraphim and
archangel, celestial giants have failed
to climb to the top of Christ's glory
they may all well unite in the words
of the text and say: "He that cometh
from above is above all."
First, Christ must be above all else
in our preaching. There are so many
books on homileties scattered
through the world that all laymen as
well as all clergymen have made up
their minds what sermons ought to
be. That sermon is most effectual
whicli most pointedly puts forth Christ
as the pardon of all sin and the cor
rection of all evil, individual, social,
political, national. There is no reason
v hy we should ring the endless changes
on a few phrases. There are those
win think that if an exhortation or
a discourse have frequent mention of
justification, sanctification, covenant
of works and covenant of grace that
therefore it must be profoundly evan
gelical, while they are suspicious of
a discourse which presents the same
truth, but under different phraseol
ogy. Now, I say there is nothing in
all the opulent realm of Anglo-Sax-onism
or all the word treasures that
we inherited from the Latin and the
Greek and the Indo-European but we
have a right to marshal it in religious
discussion. Christ sets the example.
His illustrations were from the grass,
the flowers, the spittle, the salve, the
barnyard fowl, the crystals of salt,
as well as from the seas and the stars,
and we do not propose in our Sunday
school teaching and in our pulpit ad
dress to be put on the limits.
I know that there is a great deal said
in our day against words, as though
they were nothing. They may be
misused, but they have an imperial
power. They are the bridge between
soul and soul, between Almighty God
and the htiman race. What did God
write upon the tables of stone?
Words. What did Christ utter on
Mount Olivet? Words. Out of what
did Christ strike the spark for the
illumination of the universe? Out of
words. "Let there be light," and
light was. Of course, thought is the
cargo, and words are only the ship,
but how fast would your cargo go on
without the ship? WThat you need,
my friends, in all your work, in your
Sunday school class, in your reform
atory institutions, and what we all
need is to enlarge our vocabulary
when we come to speak about God
and Christ and Heaven. We ride a
few old words to death when there
is such an illimitable resource.
Shakespeare emploj-ed 15,000 differ
ent words for dramatic purposes, Mil
ton employed 8,000 different words
for poetic purposes, Rufus Choate
emploj-ed over 11,000 different words
for legal purposes, but the most of
us have less than 1,000 words that we
can manage, less than 500, and that
makes us so stupid.
When we come to set forth the love
of Christ, we are going to take the
tenderest phraseology wherever we
find it, and if it has never been used
in that direction before all the more
shall we use it. When we come to
speak of the glory of Christ, the con
queror, we are going to draw our
similes from triumphal arch and ora
torio and everything grand and stu
pendous. The French navy have 13
flags hy which they give rignal, but
those 18 flags they can put into 66,000
different combinations. And I have
to tell you that these standards of
the cross may be lifted into combina
tions infinite and varieties everlast
ing. And let xae say to young men
Jesus Christ, you will have the larg
est liberty and unlimited resource.
You only have to present Christ in
your own way.
Jonathan Edwards preached Christ
in the severest argument ever penned,
and John Bunj-an preached Christ in
the sublimest allegory ever composed.
Edward Payson, sick and exhausted,
leaned up against the side of the pul
pit and wept out his discourse, while
George Whitefield, with the manner
and the voice and the start of an ac
tor, overwhelmed his auditory. It
would have been a different thing if
Jonathan Edwards had tried to write
and dream about the pilgrim's prog
ress to the celestial city or John Bun
j'an had attempted an essay on the
Brighter than the light, fresher
than the fountains, deeper than the
seas, are these Gospel themes. Song
has no melody, flowers have no sweet
ness, sunset sky has no color, com
pared with these glorious themes.
These harvests .of grace spring up
quicker than we can sickle them.
Kindling pulpits with their fire and
producing revolutions with their
power, lighting up dying beds with
their glory, they are the sweetest
thought for the poet, and they are
the most thrilling illustration for the
orator, and they offer the most in
tense scene for the artist, and they
are to the embassador of tue sky all
enthusiasm. Complete pardon for the
direst guilt. Sweetest comfort for
ghastliest agony. Brightest hope for
grimmest death. Grandest resurrec
tion for darkest sepulcher. Oh, what
a Gospel to preach! Christ over all
in it. His birth, His suffering. His
miracles. His parables. His sweat, His
tears, His blood, His atonement, His
intercession what glorious themes!
Do we exercise faith. Christ is its
object. Do we have love? It fastens
on Jesus. Have we a fondness for
the church? It is because Christ died
for it. Have we a hope of Heaven?
It is because Jesus went ahead, the
herald an1 the forerunner.
The royal robe of Demetrius was
so costly, so beautiful, that after he
had put it off no one ever dared put
it on, but this robe of Christ, richer
than that, the poorest and the wan
nest and the worst may wear.
"Oh, my sins, my sins," said Mar
tin Luther to Staupitz, "my sins, my
sins!" The fact is that the brawny
German student had found a Latin
Bible that had made him quake, and
nothing else ever did make him
quake, and when he found how
through Christ he was pardoned and
saved he wrote to a friend sa3'ing:
"Come over and join us, great and
awful sinners saved by the grace of
God. You seem to be only a slender
sinner, and you don't much extol the
mercy of God, but we who have been
such very awful sinners praise His
grace the more now that we have
been redeemed." Can it be that you
are so desperately egotistical that
you feel yourself in first-rate spir
itual trim and that from the root of
the hair to the tip of the toe you are
searless and immaculate? What you
need is a looking glass, and here it
is in the Bible. Poor and wretche'd
and miserable and blind and naked
from the crown of the head to the
sole of the foot, full of 'wounds and
putrefying sores. No health in us.
And then take the fact that Christ
gathered up all the notes against us
and paid them and then offered us
And how much we need Him in our
sorrows! We are independent of cir
cumstances if we have His grace.
Why, He made Paul sing in the dun
geon, and under that grace St. John
from desolate Patmos heard the blast
of the apocalyptic trumpets. After
all other candles have been snuffed
out this is the light that gets bright
er and brighter unto the perfect day,
and after under the hard hoofs of
calamity all the pools of worldly en
joyment have been trampled into
deep mire at the foot of the eternal
rock the Christian, from cups of
granite, lily rimmed and vine covered,
puts out the thirst of his soul.
A thousand feet underground, by
light of torch toiling in a miner's
shaft, a ledge of rock may fall upon
us, and we may die a miner's death.
Far out at sea, falling from the slip
pery ratlines and broken on the hal
yards, we may die a sailor's death.
On mission of mercy in hospital amid
broken bones and reeking leprosies
and raging fevers we may die a phi
lanthropist's death. On the field of
battle, serving our God and our coun
try, slugs through the heart, the gun
carriage may roll over tis, and we
may die a patriot's death. But after
all there are only two styles of de
parture, the death of the righteous
and of the wicked, and we all want to
die the former.
God grant that when that hour
comes you may be at home! You
want the hand of your kindred in
your hand. You want your children
to surround you. You want the light
on your pillow from eyes that have
long reflected your love. You want
the room still. You do not want any
curious strangers standing . around
watching you. You want your kin
dred from afar to hear your last
prayer. I think that is the wish of
all of us. But is that all? Can earth
ly friends hold us when the billows
of death come up to the girdle? Can
human voice charm open Heaven's
gate? Can human hands pilot us
through the narrows of death into
Heaven's harbor? Can an earthly
friendship shield us from the arrows
of death and in the hour when Satan
shall practice upon us his infernal
archery? No, no! Alas, poor soul,
if that is all! Better die in the wil
derness, far from tree shadow and
far from fountain, alone, vultures
circling through the air waiting for
our body, unknown to men, and to
have no burial, if only Christ would
say through the solitudes: "I will
never leave thee. I will never forsake
ladder would soar heavenward, an
gels coming and going, and across the
solitude and the barrenness would
come the sweet notes of heavenly
Gordon Hall, far from home, dying"
in the door of a heathen temple, said:)
"Glory to Thee, O God!" What did
dying Wilbcr force say to his wife?
"Come and sit beside me and let us
talk of Heaven. I never knew what
happiness was until I found Christ.
What did dying Hannah More say?
"To go to Heaven, think what that
is! To go to Christ, who died that I
might live! Oh, glorious grave! Oh,
what a glorious thing it is to die!
Oh, the love of Christ, the love of
Christ!" What did Mr. Toplady, the
great hymnmaker, say in his last
hour? "Who can measure the depth
of the third Heaven? Oh, the sun
shine that fills my soul! I shall soon
be gone, for surely no one can livo
here after such glories as God has
manifested to my soul."
What did the dying Janeway say?
"I can as easily die as close my eyes
or turn my head in sleep. Before a
few hours have passed I shall stand
on Mount Zion with the one hun
dred and forty-four thousand and
with 'the just men made perfect
and we shall ascribe riches and honor
and glory and majesty and dominion
unto God and the Lamb." Dr. Tay
lor, condemned to burn at the stake,
on his way thither broke away from
the guardsmen and went bounding
and leaping and jumping toward the
fire, glad to go to Jesus and to die
for Him. Sir Charles Hare in his
last moment had such rapturous vi
sion that he cried: "Upward, upward,
upward!" And so great was the peace
of one of Christ's disciples that h
put his fingers upon the pulse in his
wrist and counted it and observed
its halting beats until his life had
ended here to begin in Heaven. But
grander than that was the testimony
of the wornout missionary, when in
the Mamartine dungeon he cried: "I
am now ready to be offered, and the
time of my departure is at hand. I
have iought the good fight, I have
finished my course, I have kept the
faith. Henceforward there is laid up
for me a crown of righteousness,
which the Lord, the righteous Judge,
will give me in that day, and not to
me only, but to all them that lovo
His appearing!" Do you not see that
Christ is above all in dying allevia
tions? Toward the last hour of our earth
ly residence we are speeding. When
I see the spring blossoms scattered,
I say: "Another season gone for
ever." When I close the Bible on
Sabbath night, I say: "Another Sab
bath departed." When I bury a
friend, I say: "Another earthly at
traction gone forever." What nimble
feet the years have! The roebucks
and the lightnings run not so fast.
From decade to decade, from sky to
sky, they go at a bound. There is
a place for us, whether marked or
not, where you and I will sleep tho
last sleep, and the men are now living
who will, with solemn tread, carry
us to our resting place. Brighter
thin a banqueting hall through which
the light feet of the dancers go up
and down to the sound of trumpeters
will be the septilcher through whoso
rifts the holy ligh: of Heaven
streameth. God will watch you. He
will send His angels to guard your
slumbering ground until, at Christ's
behest, they shall roll away the stone.
So also Christ is above all in Heaven.
The Bible distinctly says that Christ i3
the chief theme of the Celestial ascrip
tion, all the thrones facing his throne,
all the palms waved before his face,
all the crowns down at his feet. Cheru
bim to cherubim, seraphim to
seraphim, redeemed spirit to redeemed
spirit shall recite the Saviour's earth
Stand on some high hill of Heaven,
and in all the radiant sweep the most
glorious object will be Jesus. Myriads
gazing first, afterward breaking forth
into acclamation. The martyrs, ill
the purer for the flame through which
they passed, will say: "This is Jesus,
for whom we died." The apostles, all
the happier for the ship wreck and tho
scourging through which they went,
will sa3: "This is the Jesus whom we
preached at Corinth and in Cappa
docia and at Antioch and at Jerusa
lem." Little children clad in white will
sa3-: "This is the Jesus who took us in
His arms and blessed us, and when the
storms of the world were too cold and
loud brought us into this beautiful
place." The multitudes of the bereft
will sa3': "This is the Jesus who com
forted us when our heart broke."
Many who had wandered clear off from
God and plunged into vagabondism,
but were saved by grace, will say:
"This is Jesus who pardoned us. We
were lost on the mountains, and he
brought us home. We were guilt3 and
He made us white as snow. Mercy
boundless, grace unparalleled." And
then, after each one has recited his pe
culiar deliverances and peculiar
mercies, recited them as by solo, all the
voices will come together in a great
chorus which shall make the arches re
echo with the eternal reverberation
of gladness and peace and triumph.
Edward I. was so anxious to go to
the II0I3' Land that when he was about
to expire he bequeathed $160,000 to
have his heart after his decease taken
and deposited in the Holy Land, and
his request was complied with. But
there are hundreds to-day whose
hearts are already in the holy land of
Heaven. Where your treasures are,
there are 3-our hearts also. JohnBun-3-an,
of whom I spoke at the opening
of the discourse, caught a glimpse of
that place, and in his quaint way he
said : "And I heard in my dream, and,
lo, the bells of the city rang again for
joy, and as they opened the gates to
let in the men I looked in after them,
and, lo, the city shone like the sun,
and there were streets of gold, and
men walked on them, harps in their
hands to sing praise with til, and
after tlisrt tfce? tii3 stesf-
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