Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXVI-NO. 47.
BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JUNE 28, 1901.
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.00 Per Year
TO TT a1 MJIn
Caused by a Cloudburst in West Virginia
Between 200 and 500 Lives Lost.
Property Destroyed Estimated at
-sweeps Down Upon the Stricken Valley With Terrific Force
and Suddenness, Carrying Everything Before It With
Resistless Fury Drowned Include Hany of th
Most Prominent People of the Section.
Blttefield, W. Va.. June 23. This entire section has Just been visited by a
flood, the extent of which, In all probability, will equal that of Johnstown, Piu.
so far as the loss of property is concerned.
Early yesterday morning, shortly after midnight, a heavy downpour of rain
began, accompanied by a severe electric storm, which violently increased in
volume and continued for several hours. This continued throughout the entire
day and night.
Many miles of the Norfolk & Western Railroad track, bridges and telegraph
lines are entirely destroyed, and communication is entirely cut off west of Elk
horn, so that it is impossible to learn the full extent of the loss of life and
The Pocahontas coal field Is located In a basin with high mountain ranges on
either side, Elkhorn creek flowing through the center of the basin, which
ranges from one-fourth to one mile In width. From Ennis, W. Va., to Vivian
Yard, W. Va.. a distance of ten miles, miners' cabins, coal company commissar
ies and coke plants line this basin. Elkhorn creek, being fed by numerous
small streams coming from the mountain side, rises very rapidly, and this
water spoilt came so suddenly that the entire basin between the two mountain
ranges was flooded, and before the terror-stricken people realized what was
upon them they were carried down by the flood, which swept everything in Its
Keystone Entirely Obliterated.
The little town of Keystone, with a population of about 2,000, seems the
greatest sufferer, practically the entire town being washed away. This town is
the principal one on the Pocahontas coal fields, and is located near Its center.
It was to a great extent headquarters from which the mining population pur
chased supplies, and also the only place in the field where whisky could be pur
chased. At this place there were some twelve to fifteen saloons, all of which
were washed away. The report comes that the mining population are now
occupying the banks of the streams ".elow, catching the merchandise and
barrels of whisky and beer as they float down. A great number of the coal and
coke plants throughout the Pocahontas coal region are reported practically
destroyed, and are in some instances entirely washed away. Owing to the very
high water which has flooded the region and prevented communication, any
thing like a correct estimate of the loss of property is impossible, but from the
best information obtainable the loss will easily reach S2.000.000.
, May Surpass Johnstown and Galveston.
Roanoke, Va., June 23. Great excitement and anxiety were created here to
day when it was reported that an awful flood and cloudburst had swept over
the Elkhorn coal region, in West Virginia. The region visited by the flood is
6aid to be devastated and the Pocahontas coal fields are reported to be in ruins.
More than thirty miles of the track of the Norfolk & Western Railroad are
gone and reports are still coming into the general offices of this system in this
city of washouts on the various sections on lines in the flooded districts. One
of the breaks in the track will require at least a thousand laborers and several
days' work to repair. The railroad yards at Vivian, a small town in West
Virginia, were completely destroyed, and it is reported most of the town was
washed away. North Fork Junction and a few other smaller towns suffered
Saturday night Is pay night in the coal
miners had flocked into the towns in
there is no telling how many of them
It is stated that the greatest damage, so far as known, is at Keystone, W.
Va.. one mile from North Fork, and thirty miles west of Bluefield. From the
meager reports describing the force of the storm at Keystone, it would appear
that the damage rivals that of Johnstown, and is equal to that of Galveston's
horror. There is no telegraphic communication west of Bluefield, as the tele
graph lines were swept away along with
telegraph officials that he lines are useless between Kenova, W. Va., and Blue-
field, a distance of 200 miles. It may be
are restored sufficiently between these
damage done in that territory. It is
the town of Keystone was demolished
and that a bar-room, which stands on
Keystone is 2,000, and as last night was Saturday night there is no telling how
many miners had gone into the town to swell its population. It is estimated
that 200 lives were lost at Keystone alone.
Flood's Resistless Fury.
' The flood seems to have extended over a vast area of mountain country, and
the hundreds of mountain streams, becoming swollen, only served to swell the
Elkhorn river until it overflowed and carried destruction in its wake. Railroad
ties and tracks, small buildings of all descriptions, trees, telegraph poles, huge
boulders and every imaginable movable thing that came within the sweep of
this mighty torrent of maddened waters
in a seething, roaring mass of debris.
Dead bodies could be seen floating along the valley by those who had gained
a place of safety in the hign hills.
All day Saturday the rain fell in sheets, and it soon became evident that
there would be a flood and a great destruction must result from it, but it was
not until after darkness had enveloped the coal regions that the great
catastrophe was upon the country and was making a clean sweep of the valley
for miles around.
Shortly after midnight Saturday night It seemed as If the heavens had
opened their floodgates over the town of Vivian, W. Va. Here a passenger
train was caught in the flood, and the lives of the frightened passengers were
saved only by the use of ropes, which were quickly thrown over in the coke
ovens which skirt the railroad yards at ivian. The passengers were glad to
catch the ropes, and willing hands dragged them from the submerged train and
over the oven barricades to a point of safety.
Owing to the fact that the telegraph lines had been prostrated by the storm,
the Norfolk & Western officials detailed messengers by foot to cover the terri
tory as best they could, they returning in a short time with reports of the
terrible destruction which had been done in their respective territory. One of
these messengers, in walking over the devastated district, came back and re
ported having seen thirty-eight dead bodies. There are supposed to be many
who will never be accounted for.
Estimate of the Loss of Life.
The loss of life will probably reach 500 or 600, and possibly this number will
be swelled when fuller details are obtainable. The Norfolk & Western Railroad
officials, in this city, admit that at least 200 lives have been lost, Keystone
wiped out and millions of dollars worth of property destroyed.
It 'is not known how far back into the mountains the storm extended, and it
will be days and perhaps weeks before all the storm-stricken country is heard
The flood has not only damaged the Elkhorn Valley, but It is stated that
eTOrv of the thirty-three flat top coal plants has suffered to some extent.
Great damage is also repored to have
extends south from Graham, Va. No lives, however, are reported 10 nave oeen
lost along this valley.
IN KANAWHA VALLEY.
The Moit Destructive Storm Known There
Charleston, W. Va., June 23 The
severe storm that struck the Great
Kanawha Valley last night was the
most destructive that has visited this
vicinity for years. There was a high
wind and a rainfall of 3.25. The Kana
wha river is thirty feet at 8 o'clock to
night and is rising. The people are
preparing for a flood. The Kanawha
& Michigan Railroad lost three bridges
portfc of ber and is tied up.
Not Less Than $2,000,000 Deluge
fields, and it is supposed that the coal
the district to do their trading, hence
were caught in the flood and drowned.
the railroad track. It is said by the
several days before the telegraph lines
two points to obtain a full report of
stated, however, that every building in
or carried away by the water save one,
a high hill. The normal population of
went down the mountainous district
resulted in Clinch Valley section, which
THREE NEGROES SHOT.
Ftrinr Done by Unknown Parties, the Vic
tims Being on Kxcursion Train.
Jackso Miss., June 23. A report
reaches hsre that three negroes were
shot and sreiously wounded at Flor
ence, a small station on the Galf &
Ship Island road about fifteen miles
south of this city, shortly after dark
tonight. The shots were fired by un
known parties on an excursion train,
and an investigation of th affair is
OBSERVING THE WIND
Value of Prompt Action in Any
thing Undertaken Is Shown.
Dr. Talmage Draws a. ieiiom from
Scriptural Passage Generally
ICopyright. 1901, by Louis Klopsch. N. T.
From a passage of Scripture unob
served by most readers, Dr. Talmage
in this discourse shows the impor
tance of prompt action in anything
we have to do for ourselves or oth
ers; text, Ecclesiastes 11:4: "lie that
observeth the wind shall not sow."
What do you find in this packed
sentence of Solomon's monologue?
find in it a farmer at his front door
examining the weather. It is seed
time. His fields have been plowed
and harrowed. The wheat is in the
barn in sacks, ready to be taken
afield and scattered. Now is the time
to sow. But the wind is not favor
able. It may blow up a storm before
night, and he may get wet if he starts
out for the sowing; or it may be a
long1 storm, that will wash out the
seed from the soil; or there may have
been a long drought, and the wind
may continue to blow dry weather
Xne parched fields may not take in
the grain, and the birds may pick it
up, and the labor. as well as the seed
may be wasted. So he gives up the
work for that day and goes into the
house and waits to see what it will
be on the morrow. On the morrow
the wind is still in the wrong direc
tion, and for a whole week and for a
month. Did you ever see such a long
spell of bad weather? The lethargic
and overcautious -and dilatory agri
cultnrist allows the season to pass
without sowing', and no sowing", of
course, no harvest. I hat is what
Solomon means when he says in his
text: "He that observeth the wind
Khali not sow."
As much in our time as in Solomon
ic times there is abroad a fatal hesi
tancy, a disposition to let little
things stop us, a ruinous adjourn
ment. We all want to do some good
in the world, but how easily we are
halted in our endeavors. Perhaps we
are solicitors for some great charity.
There is a good man who has large
means, and he is accustomed to give
liberally to asylums, to hospitals, to
reform organizations, to schools, to
churches, to communities desolated
with flood or devastated with fires.
But that good man, like many a good
man, is mercurial in his temperament.
He is depressed by atmospheric
changes. He is always victimized by
the east wind. For this or that rea
son you postpone the charitable so
licitation. Meanwhile the suffering
that you wish to alleviate does its
awful work, and the opportunity for
relief is past. If the wind had been
from the west or northwest, you
would have entered the philanthro
pist's counting-room and sought the
gift, but the wind was blowing from
the east or northeast, and you did
not make the attempt, and you thor
oughlj' illustrated my text: "He that
observeth thewind shall not sow."
There comes a dark Sabbath morn
ing. The pastor looks out of the
window and sees the clouds gather
and then discharge their burdens of
rain. Instead of a full church it will
be a handful of people with wet feet
and the dripping umbrella at the
doorway or in the end of the pew.
The pastor has prepared one of his
best sermons. It has cost him great
research, and he has been much in
praj-er while preparing it. He puts
the sermon aside for a clear day and
talks platitudes and goes home quite
depressed, but at the same time feel
ing that he has done his duty. He
did not realize that in that small au
dience there were at least two persons
who ought to have had better treat
ment. One of those hearers was a
man in a crisis of struggle with evil
appetite. A carefully prepared dis
course under the Divine blessing
would hare been to him complete vic
tory. The fires of sin would have
been extinguished, and his keen and
brilliant mind would have been con
secrated to the Gospel ministry, and
he would have been a mighty evangel,
and tens of thousands of souls would
have, under the spell of his Christian
eloquence, given up sin and started
a new life, and throughout all the
Heavens there would have been con
gratulation and hosanna, and after
many ages of eternity had .passed
there would be celebration among
the ransomed of what was accom
plished one stormy Sunday in a
church on earth under a mighty Gos
pel sermon delivered to 15 or 20 peo
ple. But the crisis I speak of was not
properly met. The man in struggle
with evil habit heard that stormy day
no word that moved him. He went
out in the rain uninvited and un
helped back to his evil way and down
to his overthrow. Had it been a sun
shiny Sabbath he would have heard
something worth hearing. But the
wind blew from a stormy direction
that Sabbath day. That Gospel hus
bandman noticed it and acted upon
its suggestion, and may discover some
day his great mistake.
There was another person in that
stormy Sunday audience that de
served something better from that
pastor than extemporized nothing
ness. It was a mother who was half
awakened to a sense of responsibility
in regard to her household. She had
begun to question herself as to
whether it would not be better to in
troduce into her home a religion that
would decide aright the destiny of
her sons and daughters. Her home
had so far been controlled only by
worldly principles. She had dared
the riots of the elements that morn
lag, and had found he way to church.
hoping to hear something that would
help her to decide the domestic ques
tion which was to her a solicitude. A
good, strong sermon under the Di
vine blessing would have led her into
the kingdom of God and afterward
her whole family. The children,
whether they became farmers or me
chanics or merchants or artists or
men of learned profession or women
at the head of households, would
have done their work in a Christian
way and after lives of usefulness on
earth would have taken -thrones in
Heaven. It would have been a whole
family saved for time and saved for
eternity. But the pastor had ad
journed the strong and effective
discourse to a clear Sunday. The
mother went home chilled in body,
mind and soul, and concluded not to
trouble herself or her household
about the future, and to let to-morrow
take care of itself and keep on
doing as they had been doing. No
God in that home. No religious con
solation in time of bereavement. No
formation of thorough Christian
character in the lives of those grow
ing up boys and girls. They will go
out into the world to meet its vicis
situdes without any sublime reen
forcement of the Gospel. What a pity
it was that he did not put down the
manuscript of his well prepared ser
mon on the Bible if he preached from
notes or pour it out of his soul if he
had lodged it there through careful
preparation! No. He allowed that
opportunity, which could never re
turn, to pass into eternity unim
proved. He observed by the way the
rain dashed against the windows of
the parsonage and the windows of the
church that the wind was from the
east or the northeast, and he did not
sow, or sowed that which was not
In all departments of life there are
those hindered by the wind of public.
opinion. It has become an aphorism
in politics and in all great movements:
He is waiting to see which way the
wind blows." And it is no easy thing
to defy public opinion, to be run down
by newspapers, to be overhauled in so
cial circles, to be anathematized by
those who heretofore were your
friends and admirers. It requires a
heroism which few possess. Yet no
great reformatory or elevating move
ment has ever been accomplished un
til some one was willing to defy what
the world should think or say or do.
But there have been men and women
of that kind. They stand all up and
down the corridors of history, exam
ples for us to follow. Charles Sum
ner in the United States senate, Al
exander H. Stephens in Georgia con
vention, Savonarola staking his life in
time of persecution, Martin Luther
fighting the battle for religious free
dom against the mightiest anathemas
that were ever hurled, William Carey
leading the missionary movement to
save a heathen world while churches
denounced him as a fanatic and with
attempting an impossibility; Jenner,
the hero of medicine, caricatured for
his attempt by vaccination to beat
back the worst disease that smote the
nations. They who watch the wind of
public opinion will not sow. It is an
uncertain indication and is apt to blow
the wrong way.
How many there are who give too
much time to watching the weather
vane and studying the barometer!
Make up your mind what you are go
ing to do and then go ahead and do it.
There always will be hindrances. It is
a moral disaster if you allow pru,dence
to overmaster all the other graces.
The Bible makes more of courage and
faith and perseverance than it does of
caution. It is not once a year that
the great ocean steamers fail to sail
at the appointed time because of the
storm signals. Let the weather bureau
prophesy what hurricane or eyclone it
may, next Wednesday, next Thursday,
next Saturday, the steamers will put
out from New York and Philadelphia
and Boston harbors and will reach Liv
erpool and Southampton and Glasgow
and Bremen, their arrivals as certain
as their embarkation. They cannot af
ford to consult the wind, nor can you
in your life voyage.
Y"oung man, you have planned what
you are going to be and do in the
world, but you are waiting for circum
stances to become more favorable.
Y'ou are, like the farmer in the text,
observing the wind. Better start
now. Obstacles will help you if you
conquer them. Cut your way through.
Peter Cooper, the millionaire philan
thropist, whr will bless all succeeding
centuries with the institution he
founded, worked five years for $25 a
year and his board. Henry Wilson,
the Christian statesman who com
manded the United States senata
with the gavel of the vice presidency,
wrote of his early days: "Want sat
by my cradle. I know what it is to
ask a mother for bread when she has
none to give. I left my home at ten
years of age and served an appren
ticeship of 11 years, receiving a
month's schooling each year, and at
the end of 11 years of hard work a
yoke of oxen and six sheep, which
brought me $S4. In the first month
after I was 21 years of age I went in
to the woods, drove a team and cut
mill logs. I arose in the morning be
fore daylight and worked hard till
after dark and received the magnifi
cent sum of six dollars for the
month's work. Each of those dollars
looked as large to me as the moon
looks to-night." Wonderful Henry
Wilson! But that was not his orig
inal name. He changed his name be
cause he did not want on him the
blight of a drunken father. As the
vice president stood in my pulpit in
Brooklyn, making the last address he
ever made, and commended the re
ligion of Christ to the young men of
that city I thought to myself: "You
yourself are the sublimest spectacle
I ever saw of victory over obstacles.
For 30 years the wind blew the wrong
way, yet he did not observe the wind,
but kept right on sowing;.
Many of us who are bow preachers
of the Gospel or medical practitioners
or members of the bar or merohants
or citizens in various kinds of busi
ness had very poor opportunity at
the start because we had it too easy
far too easy. We never appreci
ated what it is to get an education
because our fathers or older brothers
paid the schooling, and we did not get
the muscle which nothing but hard
work can develop. I congratulate
you, young man, if to you life is a
struggle. It is out of such circum
stances God makes heroes, if they
are willing to be made. Cut your
way through. If it were proper to do
so and you should stand in any board
of bank directors, in any board of
trade, in any legislature, state or na
tional, and ask all who were brought
up in luxury and ease to lift their
hand, here and there a hand might
be lifted. But ask those who had an
awful hard time at the start to lift
their hands, and most of the hands
would be lifted. The heroes of church
and state were not brought up on
confectionery and cake.
But my subject takes another step,
Through medical science and dentistry
that has improved the world's masti
cation and stronger defense against
climatic changes and better under
standing of the laws of health human
life has been greatly prolonged. But
a centenarian is still a wonder. How
many people do you know a hundred
years old? I do not know one. We
talk of a century as though it were
a very long reach of time. But what
is one century on earth compared
with centuries that we are to live
somewhere, somehow ten centuries,
a million centuries, a quintillion of
centuries? We are all determined to
get ready for the longer life we are
to live after our exit from things sub
lunary. We are waiting for more pro
pitious opportunity. We have too
much business to attend to now or too
much pleasure to allow anything to
interfere with its brilliant progress.
We are waiting until the wind blows
in the right direction. We are going
to sow, and sow the very best grain,
and we are going to raise an eternal
harvest of happiness. We like what
you say about Heaven, and we are go
ing there, and at the right time we
will get ready. But my lungs are
sound, my digestion is good, the exam
ining physician of the life insurance
company says my heart beats just the
right number of times a minute, and I
am cautious about sitting in a draft.
and I observe all the laws of hygiene,
and my father and mother lived to be
very old, and I come of a long-lived
family. So we adjourn and postpone
until, like the farmer suggested by
mv text, we allow the seedtime to
pass, and sudden pneumonia or a reck
less bicycle or an ungoverned automo
bile puts us out of life with all its mag
nificent opportunities of deciding
aright the question of everlasting res
idence. A Spanish proverb says: "The
road of By and By leads to the town of
Whether in your life it is a south
wind or an east wind that is now
blowing, do you not feel like saying:
"This whole subject I now decide.
Lord God, through Thy Son Jesus
Christ, my Saviour, I am Thine for
ever. I throw myself, reckless of
everything else, into the fathomless
ocean of Thy mercy."
"But," says someone In a frivolous
and rollicking way, "I am not like the
farmer you find in your text. I do
not watch the wind. What do I care
about the weather vane? I am sow
ing now." What are you sowing,
my brother? Are you sowing evil
habits? Are you sowing infidel and
atheistic beliefs? Are you sowing
hatreds, revenges, discontents, un
clean thoughts or unclean actions?
If so, you will raise a big crop a
very big crop. The farmer sometimes
plants things that do not come up,
and he has to plant them over again.
But those evil things that you have
planted will take root and come up in
harvest of disappointment, in harvest
of pain, in harvest of despair, in har
vest of fire. Go right through some
of the the unhappy homes of Wash
ington and New York and all the
cities and through the hospitals and
penitentiaries, and you will find
stacked up, piled together, the
sheaves of such an awful harvest.
Hosea, one of the first of all the writ
ing prophets, although four of the
other prophets are put before him
in the canon of Scripture, wrote an
astounding metaphor that may be
quoted as descriptive of those who do
evil: "They have sown the wind,
and they shall reap the whilwind."
Someone has said: "Children may be
strangled, but deeds never."
There are other persons who truth
fully say: "I am doing the best I
can. The clouds are thick and the
wind blows the wrong way, but I am
sowing prayers and sowing kind
nesses and sowing helpfulness and
sowing hopes of a better world."
Good for you, my brother, my sister!
What you plant will come up. What
you sow will rise into a harvest the
wealth of which you will not know
until you go up higher. I hear the
rustling of your harvest in the bright
fields of Heaven. The soft gales of
that Land, as they pass, bend the full
headed grain in curves of beauty. It
is golden in the light of a sun that
never sets. As you pass in you will
not have to gird on the sickle for the
reaping, and there will be nothing to
remind you of weary husbandmen
toiling under hot summer sun on
earth and lying down under the shad
ow of the tree at noontide, so
tired were they, so very tired. No,
no; your harvest will be reaped with
out any toil of your hands, without
any besweating of your brow. Christ
in one of His sermons told how your
harvest will be gathered when He
said: "The reapers are the angels."
What We Ought to Do.
To look for judgment and experience
in our youtiu
While the fire insurance companies
often lose money in Tennessee during
the course of a year, nte Insurance is
very profitable, as will be noticed in
cchaparing the premium of receipts
wfth losses, the excess of premiums
being 12,200,063.60. From a table
showing the business of the year, the
following figures are taken:
Insurance in force January 1, 1900
Ordinary, $75,721,375.76; industrial,
Written during the year Ordinary,
$25,699,915.19; industrial, $4,949,583.
Terminated during the year Ordin
ary, $15,841,689.52; industrial, $4,290,
268. In force January 1, 1901 Ordinary,
$85,579,583.43; industrial, $8,847,835.
Premiums received-rOrdinary, $2,
555,003.69; industrial, $329,256.47.
Losses paid Ordinary, $970,660.17;
Losses paid Ordinary, $970,660.17;
Losses incurred Ordinary, $996,333.
30; industrial, $107,63o.87.
There was a net increase In the in
surance in force of $9,858,225.67 ordin
ary and $659,315 industrial ; insurance
written, $1,164,900.51 ordinary and
$544,731 industrial; in premiums, $576,
388.60 ordinary and $5,284.76 in
dustrial; in losses paid, $190,438.51 or
dinary and $8,899.76 industrial; in
losses Incurred, $155,670.57 ordinary
and $8,928.96 industrial.
OH has been discovered on the farm
of A. M. Overall, on Stone's River,
about one mile and a half west of
Murfreesboro. Oil prospectors from a
distance have been in the county for
several weeks recently, securing op
tions on farms lying up and down
Stone's River, and they are now jubi
lant beyond expression over the de
velopment on the Overall farm. Huge
stones taken from the Overall farm
have all the evidences of oil on them.
Wherever a vertical seam appears it is
literally as greasy as if the stone had
been soaked in oil. Hundreds have
rubbed their hands over the stones and
then found that the only way to get
rid of an oil odor was by using a large
amount of soap and water. A com
pany will be organized at once to bore
Women Cannot Practice Law.
The Supreme Court has decided
again that women can not practice law
in Tennessee. It was in the case of
Marion Griffin, a petition on the part of
an unmarried woman or Memphis. The
court held that it was not authorized
to admit a woman to practice before
it. The same matter was presented to
the court at its last term, and it was
then heid by a majority of the court
that under the common law and our
statutes a woman was not eligible to
practice law in the courts of Tennes
see. The matter was brought before
the last two legislatures and both
declined to pass an enabling statute.
Death From Lockjaw.
Last week, at her home in Crystal,
In the eastern part of Obion county,
Mrs. G. A. Roberts died of lockjaw.
caused by sticking a nail In her foot
ten days previous. The wound was j
at first considered of no moment, but :
it kept getting worse until it produced !
death as stated. Deceased was 55 ,
years of age, and leaves seven chil
dren. Santa Ana's Spnrs, Maybe.
The effects of the late M. E. Wilcox,
an aged citizen of Clarksville, were
sold recently and among other things '
disposed of was a pair of spurs which !
are said to have belonged to Santa :
Ana, the celebrated Mexican general, j
rn these spurs was engraved these j
-irds: "Sam Houston to L. C. Gar
land." They sold for $5.75.
Old-Time Fiddlers' Contest.
An old-time fiddlers' contest will ;
take place at McKenzie June 27, at 2 .
and 8:30 o'clock p. m., under the
auspices of Caledonian Lodge, No. 96,
A. F. and A. M.. th proceeds to be
given to the Masonic Widows and
Orphans' Home at Nashville.
Railway Consolidation Agreement.
The agreement in the consolidation '
of the Florence & Northwestern rail
way companies has been filed with '
Secretary of State John W. Morton. !
The name of the new company is the
Alabama & Tennessee.
To Take School Census.
State Superintendent of Public In
struction Fitzpatrick is making ar
rangements for taking the school
census of the State, and is sending out
a circular letter to the several county
superintendents anent this matter.
Car Company Owns the Streets.
Chancellor Cook has decided that
the Nashville Street Railroad Com
pany has a perpetual ownership in the
streets of Nashville.
State's Coal Mining ProBts.
Fire at mine No. 1 of the State mines
at Brushy Mountain, last week, des
troyed the ventilating fan and build
ing, causing shutdown of the mine
for two days. Insurance covers all
losses. Report of operations for the
mine for May shows coal produced for .
the month, 17,043 tons; coke, 4,392
tons; sales for month, $l,201.74; !
amount collected for month on previ-1
ous sales, $16,072.21; net profit to;
State on sales for six months ended ,
June 1, $60,000; nt profit for May,
Foolish Prank Kesults Fatally.
Elijah Abston shot and killed his
brother, John Abston, at Crossville a
few days ago. Elijah had been work
ing for A. L. Better and was on his
way home. When near his home his
brother John saw him coming and
thought he would have some sport
with Elijah, who is nearsighted,
jjohn advanced along the path In the
direction of his brother and began
'calling like .a turkey, at the same
time dodging through the brushes.
Elijah heard the turkey call and was
on the lookout. Soon his brother's
head came in view through the
bushes and he thought it a turkey
and shot with a rifle that he was
carrying. The ball struck the young
man in the right side of the head
and passed through the brain, killing
him three hours later.
A Lucky Trade.
Allen B. Harlan of Columbia has
received a letter from capitalists at
Corsicana, Texas, making him an
offer of $100,000 for lands he holds
near that town. The lands consist
of about twenty-five acres, but they
are located in the Corsicana oil belt.
uxr. Harlan has always been an ex
tensive dealer in stock. About fif
teen years since he carried a car load
of graded Jersey bull calves to Texas.
The animals were purchased for from
$10 to $15, but Mr. Harlan expected
to find a ready sale for them in Texas
at $75 each. In this he was mis
taken and, becoming disgusted, he is
said to have traded his string of cat
tle for the land in question. With
each succeeding year he paid the
taxes, thinking possibly he might
make something of the land in time.
A few months since he made a con
tract with a Texas man whereby the
Texan was to bore for oil and receive
a fourth interest. . ..
Water Power for Knoxville. j
Col. John Bogart, consulting en
gineer of the Knoxville Power Com
pany, visited the Littl e Tennessee
river last week to examine a site for
a proposed dam to furnish water
power for an electric plant to supply
Knoxville and other places with light
and power. Col. Bogart supervised
the erection of power plants at Nia
gara Falls. The site for the dam is
thirty miles southeast of Knoxville.
The Knoxville Powe r Company is
capitalized at $500,000. Col. Bogart's
report will determine the future
policy of the company. An effort was
made at the last session of congress
to secure the passage of a biL grant
ing permission to dam the Tennessee
river at Knoxville. This failed,
hence the Little Tennessee river
Fashing the Pearl Industry.
H. E. Saley, with a number of
hands, left Smithville last week on a
pearling expedition. They expect to
be gone until fall. The pearl indus
try at Smithville has grown to be
the greatest source of revenue, thou
sands of dollars worth being handled
every year. W. B. Foster and J. H.
Windham are now in New York with
about $10,000 worth pearls, which
they will place on the market. There
are several other dealers there who
are doing a thriving business. Smith
ville has gained a reputation of be
ing one of the best pearl markets in
the United States, pearls being sent
there from all quarters. One pearl
sold there a few weeks ago for $950.
To Wind Cp a Zinc Company.
. T. H. Heald of Knoxville has filed
a general creditors' bill against the
Eades, Mixter & Heald Company for
his one-fourth interest in the firm,
which is the largest zinc enterprise
in that section. The capital stock of
the firm is $200,000. J. Fisher Chum
biey was appointed receiver to close
up the affairs of the company and
distribute its finances among the
stockholders. The operations of the
company's mines have been by lease.
Death of Dr. Smith.
The death of Dr. J. W. Smith at
Dover, at the advanced age of 83, re
moves a prominent citizen of Stewart
county. He leaves a wife, three chil
dren and several grandchildren and
great grandchildren. He, in .1862,
showed Gen. Forrest the route by
which the latter left Fort Donelson
after the surrender. He has been blind
for ten years, and in bed for a year
as the result of a broken hip.
Gid Crane, who killed Robert
Haggewood in Cheatham county on
June 8, has surrendered to the au
thorities at Neptune. He spent three
days and nights in the top of a tree
near the scene of the crime without
food or drink, where he saw the mob
looking for him, and also witnessed
burial services of his victim. He
says fear of lynching prevented him
from surrendering earlier.
Killed His Neighbor.
E. M. Montgomery, a farmer, stab
bed and instantly killed James Hawn,
his neighbor, in the harvest field near
Athens last week. The trouble arose
about a contract for cutting a field of
Offer for Oil Lands.
The Tennessee-Kentucky oil syn
dicate as received an offer of $30,
000 cash for its property in Fentress
county, Tenn and Wayne county,
Ky. The offer was declined, pendiug
a more thorough investizatym ot the
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