Newspaper Page Text
TTr. -S k.
VOJL. XXXVI-NO. 51.
BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JULY 26, 1901.
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.00 Per Year
FDTTT T m
A WEEK'S RECORD
All the News of the Past Seven
H03LE AND FOREIGN ITEMS
JsewB of the Industrial Field, Personal
and Political Items, Happenings
at Home and Abroad.
THE FROM ALL THE WORLD
i A mob of negroes at Courtland,
Ala., hanged Alexander Herman, a
negro charged with killing Sallie
Mrs. James Huff, her daughter, Mrs.
Thornton, and the latter's four-year-old
daughter were killed by lightning
near Newcomerstown, O.
The thirteenth annual report of the
interstate commerce commission
shows a big increase in earnings ol
railroads and an aggregate length of
mileage of 259,788 miles.
The visible supply of grain in the
United States and Canada on the 15th
was: Wheat, 27,979,000 bushels; corn,
14,067,000 bushels; oats, 7,421,000
bushels; rye, 537,000 bushels; barley,
Five persons were killed in a col
lision of Missouri, Kansas & Texas
freight trains near Muskogee, Ind. T.
Gov. Dockery, of Missouri, asks the
people of the state to pray on Sun
day, July 21, for rain.
Joseph Cramer, 75 years old, was
under arrest in Philadelphia for hav
ing seven wivesT all living.
Louis Thomas, a negro, was lynched
near Girard, La., by a mob for steal
ing a bottle of pop.
JohnAlexander Dowie took out his
first naturalization papers in Wau
More than 50,000 men are idle as a
result of the Amalgamated associa
tion's strike in the sheet steel, steel
hoop and tin plants of the United
States corporation. j
Lewis Elkins, of Philadelphia, left
his $2,000,000 fortune in trust for the !
benefit of aged women teachers.
Bains were reported from variou
points in Missouri, Kansas and Illi
Two policemen were, wounded and
a negro killed in a race riot at Amer
The packing plant of Jacob Dold &
Sons at Wichita, Kan., was destroyed
by fire, the loss being $1,000,000.
Albert Sears, who masqueraded as a
woman for seven years at Huntsville
Ark., was arrested for a murder com
mitted in Texas.
The net increase in the pension roll
last year was 2,273, despite the drop
ping of 38,082 names from the rolls.
Fifteen negroes were killed in a fight
with Mexican railroad laborers in New
Mattoon, 111., and Stillwater, Minn.
have been given public libraries by
A pearl worth $40,000 was found at
Hound Island, Wis., in the Mississippi
rrank Wennerholm, the Chau
tauqua county murderer, was put to
death by electricity in the prison at
Auburn, N. Y.
ine transport Indiana arrived in
San Francisco from Manila with 1.00C
soldiers of the Forty-second regi
Robbers at Alexandria, O., held a
crowd at bay while they blew opena
bank vault, but they failed to secure
The steel trust has accepted the op
portunity for a finish fight with la
bor unions. No compromise is to be
made with the Amalgamated associa
tion, whose absolute surrender-is de
The military department of Alaska
is to be abolished.
Roy Jones, 12 years old, and Byron
Jones, his brother, four years old
were burned to death at Broad Rip
The crop report issued by the Wash
ington weather bureau says that tha
corn crop in the great corn states oi
the central valleys has sustained se
rious injury from drought.
D. S. Bureh, of Macon, Mo., who was
married in Milwaukee two months ago,
gave his wife her freedom when he
discovered she loved another man.
The president of the Iowa Bar asso
ciation at the annual meeting in Coun
cil Bluffs made startling statements
regarding the prevalence of perjury
and bribery in American courts of jus
tice. Three alleged horse thieves, "Buck
ing Bill," Fred Comrae and Pete Wal
ter, were hanged by a posse near Ju
Edwin H. Conger, United States
minister to China, sailed from San
Francisco for the orient.
Robert Cooke, Charles Swisher and
Charley Scott, vere instantly killed
by lightning at Arthur, 111.
Fred Feurheim, of Pacific Junction,
la., made insane by heat, killed his
wife, daughter and himself.
The exchanges at the leading clear
ing houses in the United States dur
ing the seven days ended on the 12th
aggregated $2,136,321,047, against $2,
040,373,610 the previous week. The in
crease compared with the correspond
ing week of last year was 40.1.
Andrew Carnegie has offered Lead
ville, Col., $100,000 for a public li
brary. Foreign trade of the United States
increased $65,98S,811 last year.
The - battleship Maine will ,'be
launched from the Cramps shipyard
at Philadelphia on July 27.
The war department has made pub
lic Gen. Funston's detailed report of
MRS. MARTHA PATTERSON.
Last of the Children of Ex-President John'
on Her Death Universally
Mr. Martha Patterson of GreenevIIlc, tha
last of the children of ex-President Andrew
Johnson, whose death has cast a gloom
over entire East Tennessee, was one of
the most universally - beloved and highly
esteemed women in East Tennessee. At
her death the last survivor of the family
of ex-President Johnson passes away. Of
the live children, two girls and thre boys,
he was the eldest, having been born Octo
ber 25, 1828. The members of the family
died on the following dates and at the
ages Indicated : Andrew Johnson, died
July 1. 1875, at the age of 68. His wife,
Eliza McCardle Johnson, died January IS,
1876, at the age of C6. Charles Johnson
was thrown from a horse and killed la
Nashville, April 4, 1863, at the age of
83. Robert Johnson died April 22, 1869, at
the age of 33. Andrew Johnson, Jr., died
March 12, 1S79, at the age of 26. Mrs.
Mary Johnson Stover died April 19, 1883,
at the age of 51.
It will thus be seen that Mrs. Patterson
is not only the last of the family, but,
unlike the rest, she attained unto an ex
treme age, being nearly 73 years old. For
a number of years she has been an In
valid and a great sufferer, rarely ever leav
ing the house, and much of the time being
confined to her bed. Her powers of en
durance have been the remark of her family
physicians, who more than once during th
past few years have given her up to die.
Ten years ago the papers announced haf
dying condition, but she rallied.
She was the favorite child of her fathei.
according to his own statement, made td
Judge David T. Patterson when the latter
wrote her father asking for the hand of
his daughter. He spared no pains to see
that his first-born should have the advant
ages which contributed to her splendid wo
manhood. hile Andrew Johnson was in
the lower house of congress he placed her
in Mrs. English's seminary at .Georgetown.
where' she pursued her studies under the
direction of the teachers of that once cele
brated school, and also under his own per
sonal supervision. She was a frenupnt
visitor at the "White House during Presi
dent Polk s administration, and a favored
guest of the Polk family, spending much
or her vacations at that residence. She
was thus not a stranger to Washington
society when it became her duty to preside
over the presidential mansion.
Martha Johnson was married to Judge
David T. Patterson, one of the most dhv
tingulshed jurists Tennessee has ever pro
duced, on December 13, 1856. . Her wedding
tour extended through the principal cities
of the South to New Orleans. Andrew
Johnson was at that time serving his last
term as civil governor of the State of
Tennesssee. On their return from this tour
they took up their residence near Greene-
ville, where they lived until the fall of 1862,
when they were compelled to leave East
Tennessee for Nashville, where her fathei
then resided as military governor.
- After the election of Andrew Johnson as
vice president, and upon the assassination
of Mr. Lincoln, he became president. Mrs.
Patterson and family removed to Washing
ton, that she might assume the social duties
which from her mother's illness fell to her
lot. Of her administration in the White
House, extending over a period of about
tour years and covering many difficult
proDjems, mucn nas Deen written. Her
announcement that "We are but plain peo
ple from East Tennessee," and that she
uopeu 100 mucn would not be expected of
us socially." read like humor in tho iiirh
of the reports of sumptuous state dinners
unu oriiiiant receptions. Mrs. Patterson
bad the rare distinction of being the
uaugnter or the president, the wife of a
united btates senator and the mistress ot
the White House. Though she presided
with grace and maintained that dignity due
to her position in the social realm, it
was In the domestic sphere that she found
her most genial employment. With an in
valid mother, who laid claim to the daugh
ter's time and thought, and with two chil-
uren oi ner own to care for. Mrs. Patter
son nevertheless gave personal oversight to
me enure management or the White House.
It was ever afterward her pleasurable boast
tnat no one ever presented a card after 9
o'clock on any morning but that they were
given the privilege of inspecting all the
rooms or tne White House. She sought
to maintain that simplicity in her exalted
sphere which had marked her as the wife
o an East Tennessee Judge. With her
own hands she cared for the milk of the
White House dairy and made all the butter
which was used on her table. When the
time came for her to retire from Washing
ton to the more quiet walks of private life
she again turned her face toward the
mountains of East Tennessee with pleasure,
in anticipation of once more living apart
from the gaze of the public and amid those
whom she loved.
Her days of sorrow, however, had Just
begun, tor In a few months after the
family's return to Tennessee her brother
Kolteit died. Then in 1875, her father,
to be followed within a year by her mother.
Other deaths came as stated above.
Mrs. 1'atterson's last years have been
cheered by her son, Andrew Johnson Pat
terson, and his loving wife, the devotion of
lKth having been that of children indeed.
Judge Patterson died In 18H1. The only
other member of Mrs. Patterson's family
now livinir is little Martha Landstreet.
daughter of Mrs. Belle Landstreet. deceased.
who was Mrs. Patterson's daughter.
Mrs. Patterson nogsessed much of the
character of her father. The breadth and
sweep of his reasoning faculties were hers,
while his iron will and indomitable energy
were reproduced In her. The devotion which
she exhibited toward her father, while he
was livine. and to his memorv after h
died, was of the highest tvpe of filial af
fection and seemed but little short of ances
tral worship. She knew him as perhaps no
one else ever did, and the Integrity of his
character and her supreme love of truth
were themes on which she delighted to
dwell. She has done a service not only to
her father's memorv. but to the country as
well in her painstaking care in the col
lection of data from which must be written
the biography of Andrew Johnson, who is
a central figure In the nation's history at a
lime or great crisis.
in religion airs. Patterson was a Protest
ant, being a member of the Methodist
Episcopal Church. South, but she was as
broad and charitable in her views as she
was kind in her nature. It will be many
years perhaps before another of Tennessee's
daughters shall grace the WhJte House as
its mistress, but in Martha Johnson Pat
terson i?he has had honored representation.
ADnrcw jonnson nad nve children, as
stated above, five grandchildren and three
great grandchildren. This is the extent of
the family history. Mrs. Patterson and
airs, baran btover. his daughter, had two
and three children, respectively. Mrs. Pat
terson's son, Andrew Johnson Patterson,
still lives but he is childless. Her daughter
Mrs. Landstreet. is dead. leaving little
Martha Landstreet. who now resides in
Greeneville. as one of the et-presldent s
or Mrs. Stover s three children. Andrew
Johnson Stover is now livinir. but is un
married. Her oldest daughter, Llllie. mar
ried Thomas Maloney and died childless.
Her daughter Sallie married Son. W. B.
Hachman. of Bluff City, Tenn., and died
leaving two sons, John and S. B. Bach-
Thus It is seen that the onlv flescendants
of Andrew Johnson who are now llvinsr are
Andrew Johnson Patterson. Andrew John
son Stover. Martha Landstreet. John and
S. B. HacUman. The latter three are chil-.
nren less than fifteen years of asre.
Wiley L. Morgan, in Commercial Appeal.
Bit, my Bon," said the fond par
ent, "If you do not attend school and
college regularly you will never be re
garded as an intellectual light."
Oh, yes, I will, papa." responded
the .'air-haired youth. "I intend to
mak3 a few millions and then endow ;
colleges, and thus acquire more de-!
grees than I could win in a lifetime of
With eyes moist with pride the
father bade the child go bravely for
ward upon the path of deTUny. Baltl-
i RELIEF IS IN II.
The Weather Bureau in Washington
Sees No Relief for People of
IS SOMEWHAT COOLER ON THE LAKES.
Jf ot a Drop Reported In Kaniai, a-nd
the Gulf Coait of Texas Had tne
Only Shower People of Missouri
Confess .Their Sins and Pray for
Washington, July 22. Reports from
the middle Mississippi valley stations
of the weather bureau did not indi
cate any relief for the people of that
drought and heat stricken region.
The weather was clear throughout
the reeriou. and not even thunder
storms were indicated, lhere was a
fall in the temperature at Chicago,
and the prospect is for cooler weath
er on the great lakes, and later,
through New England. The weather
forecasters say there is no sign of re
lief for the people of the Mississippi
HEAT RECORDS SHATTERED.-
St. Lonis and the West Shattered
Heat Records Iaxt Sunday.
St. Louis,July 22. The heat records
for St. Louis andprobably the west
and northwest were shattered at 3
o'clock Sunday afternoon. The offi
cial government thermometer, on top
of the custom house, registered 106, in
the shade, while on the streets 108
and 110 were common.
Such stifling heat! No breeze to
speak of, and when it did blow it was
like a breath from a furnace.
Prayers for rain were offered from
almost every place of worship in the
citv. This was in accordance with
the proclamation of the governor.
Dispatches from throughout the statf
tell of solemn services, and fervent
petitions to the Giver of All Good to
The heat wave that started in the
western part of Missouri Saturday
has spread over the state. Missouri's
pasture fields are brown; her corn is
withered; her creeks are dry; her
people are suffering; and with a sky
bo cloudless and hot, that even to
look at it pains the eye, no one need
wonder that Missouri's people, con
fessing their sins, petition for relief.
The following will. give some idea
of the temperatures of Sunday in Mis
souri: Bowling Green, 112: Monroe
City, 107; Paris, 108; Chillicothe, 114.
Following temperatures are report
ed in Illinois: Gelena, 118; Galesburg,
108; Mattoon, 108; Quincy, 110; Vir
ginia, 110; Centralia, 108; Chicago,
103; Cairo, 100.
CHICAGO GRAIN MARKETS.
ft Opens Wild, the Reports Showing
the Drought Unbroken.
Chicago, July 22. The grain mar
kets opened wild. The intense heat
of Sunday, and the early reports
showing the drought unbroken, creat
ed a heavy general demand, especially
for corn and oats. Corn for September
delivery opened 2 to 4 cents higher,
at 57 to 59 cents; September oats
to 1 cents higher, at 36 to 37,
and September wheat to 1 cents
over Saturday's closing figures. The
corn and oats pit? were crowded over
with excited traders. Buying orders
were everywhere, but there was little
for sale for some time.
September wheat, under stress of
damage claims from the northwest,
where the heat was said to have in
jured the pring-sown crop, closed at
72(a72. September corn closed at
59(a59y2, and September oats closed
CORN CARRYING ROADS.
Their Stock Take a Tumble on Wall
New xork, duly 22. lhere was
heavy pressure in the corn-carrying
railroads at the opening of thev stock
market. The break in Missouri Pa
cific was 5. Rock Island lost 3Vs,
St. Paul 2 and Atchison 2. Extreme
declines were for St. Paul 5, Union
Pacific 4, St. Louis Southwestern
preferred 41,, and Atchison 3. The
market steaditd again before 11.
A Far-Away Rain.
Kansas City, Mo., . July 22. The
only report of rain or a lower tem
perature in the southwest during the
past 45 hours comes from the Galves
ton coast, where a quarter-inch of
rain fell, and the prospects are that"
Sunday's record breaking heat in Mis
souri, Kansas and the territories will
be equalled, if not exceeded. In Kan
sas City, Mo., and Kansas City, Kas.,
for the 30 hours up to 10 o'clock
Monday morning, there had been 15
prostrations. Of this number, nine re
sulted fatally, five in the Missouri
city and four in Kansas City, Kas.
Same Relief at Chicago and Vicinity.
Chicago, July 22. The terrible heat
which reached its record-breaking-
climax at 103 degrees Sunday was
broken at dawn by a fresh lake breeze.
Xhe night was sultry, there being
scarcely a breath oi air, anoVhundreds
OI PeoPie 111 crowaea aistrmts
slept out of doors, or sat up till the
wind made sleep possible. The weath
er forecast promises moderate tem
peratures for Chicago and cities with
in ten miles of Lake Michiga, but
there is no relief in sight for the corn
Bone Good Rains In Texas.
Houston, Tex., July 22. During the
past three days reports of good rains
have been received from about a hun
dred and fifty counties in Texas,
about one half of them in the cotton
growing section. A group of large cot
ton producting counties in the cen
tral portion of the state have had no
rain, but elsewhere the fall has been
sufficient for the immediate needs of
The Sew York Grain Market.
New York, July 22. There " was
great excitement in the grain market
With corn up two cents a bushel and
wheat a cent since Saturday, the bulls
flooded the pits with buying orders
and before midday another cent was
added to the priMi- September corn
for instance, which closed Saturday
at 58, advanced to 61 and Septem
ber wheat rose iro n 73 to 76
Weather conditions formed the buy
Deaths and No Rain.
Kansas City, Mo., July 22. Four
teen deaths from heat, with fully
two-score prostrations, were report
ed in Kansas City, Mo., and Kansas
City, Kas., for the past 36 hours. Nine
of these occurred Sunday.
Not a drop of rain is reported from
any point in the southwest, and there
is no immediate promise of any.
Forest Fires In Colorado.
Denver, Col., July 22. Destruction
by forest and prairie fires is reported
from different points in the state, di
rectly attributable to the condition of
grass and timber from the long dry
Still Hot at St. Louts.
St. Louis, July 22. Thermometers
on the streets marked 102 to 106 at
noon. There are large thunder heads,
and the wind is not so hot as yester
At 1:30 p. m. the government ther
mometer registered 107, the hottest
day ever known in this city.
Dos Moines, la., July 22. The tern
perature continues high here, and
there seems to be no relief in. sight
The same can be said of the most of
Evnnsvllle a Hot Town.
Evansville, Ind., July 22. This was
the hottest day ever experienced here.
At noon the government weather bu
reau thermometer registered 107.
There have been four prostrations.
Louisville, Ky., July 22. The gov
ernment thermometer at 12 o'clock
registered 103. Three prostrations
Columbus, O., July 22. The hottest
day of the year, the thermometer at
the government weather bureau reg
istering 102 at 12:30 o'clock. On the
streets it was several degrees more.
Mrs. Celia Shields, aged "38, died at
L. E. Fowler, prominent, fell uncon
scious from heat at Hopkinsville, Ky.
Children were overcome at church
in Galena, 111., Sundaj'.
Nine deaths occurred from heat at
Kansas Citj, Kas., Sunday.
There were four deaths from heat
in St. Louis Sunday.
Mrs. C. M. Cornell, of Chicago, died
at St. Joseph, Mich., from heart fail
ure, hastened by excessive heat.
Frank Wurling, of Nashville, Tenn.,
was made insane by heat at the same
During the brigade drill of the Illi
nois national guard, in camp at In
dianapolis, 15 men fell from the heat.
AT HER DAUGHTER'S GRAVE.
Mrs. FonhnrK Kneels at Her Daugh
ter's Grave and Declares Relief
in Her Son's Innocence.
Pittsfield, Mass., July 22. "Oh,
May, May, if you could only come
back to us and speak one word the
world would know that this charge
against your brother is all a lie."
Kneeling at the head of her daugh
ter's grave in the Pittsfield cemetery,
surrounded by her family, Mrs. Rob
ert L. Fosburg sobbed ont these
words. Then with her face upturned
to Heaven she said:
'God knows my son is innocent. lie
never, never shot his sister."
The family had gone to the ceme-
teryr as is their custom on Sundays.
The two remaining daughters, Esther
and Beatrice, had brought great
bunches of sweet peas to lay upon
the grave. Robert Stewart Fosburg,
the defendant in the trial now in
progress, was there with his wife.
Mrs. Forburg's brothers, the Stew
arts of St. Louis, stood on each side
of her, and her husband supported
her as she arose trembling and weep
ing to her feet. In the background
were Seneca Taylor, the massive law
yer from St. Louis, who is here to
help his old friend Fosburg through
his trouble and who said when the
crime was first charged against the
'All my time and all my money are
at your service in this extremity. I do
not believe the story."
The women in the party were cry
ing when Mrs. Fosburg arose and the
eyes of the men were dim. Mrs. Fos
burg was led to her carriage and driv
en to the hotel. It was some time be
fore she regained her composure.
On a Match and Burned to Death.
Covington, Ky., July 22. Whiie Car
rie Dietermann, aged 20. was walking
along the sidewalk, she stepped on a !
match, which ignited her dress, and
she burned to death In great agony, j
muuiti Tiao su snm:Acu vnen ner
rA-w w l.v.. 1- xl i. 1 I
"""j nu uiuuguii uuuie wav avr re-j
covery is doubtful. j
-J -.--.w- d - ... ...... : .A V.tl..-. - - - ' .... .
SIN IN HIGH PLACES.
Tendency to Excuse Brilliant Faults
Because They Are Brilliant.
Dr. Talmage Says the Same Uw
Ought to Be Applied to the High
as to the Low The Sacred
ness of Life.
Copyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch, N. T.
In this discourse Dr. Talmage shows
that there is a tendency to excuse bril
liant faults because they are brilliant,
when the same law of right and wrong
ought to be applied to high places and
low; text, Daniel 4:33: "The same
hour was the thing f ulfirlled upon Neb
uchadnezzar, and he was driven from
men and did eat grass as oxen."
Here is the mightiest of the Baby
lonish kings. Look at him. He did
more for the grandur of the capital
than did all his predecessors or suc
cessors. Hanging gardens, reservoirs,
aqueducts, palaces, all of his own plan
ning. The bricks that are brought up
to-day from the ruins of Babylon have
his name on them, "Nebuchadnezzar,
son of Nabopolassor, king of Babylon."
He was a great conqueror. He
stretched forth his spear toward a na
tion, and it surrendered. But he plun
dered the temple of the true God. He
lifted an idol, Bel Merodach, and com
pelled the people to bow down before
it, and if they refused they must go
through the redhot furnace or be
crunched by lion or lioness. So God
pulled him down.
He was smitten with what physicians
call lycanthropy and fancied that he
was a wild beast, and he went out and
pastured amid the cattle. God did not
excuse him because he had committed
the sin in high places or because the
transgression was wide resounding.
He measured Nebuchadnezzar in high
places just as he would measure the
But in our time, you know as well as
I, that there is a disposition to put a
halo around iniquity if it is committed
in conspicuous place and if it is wide re
sounding and of large proportions.
Ever and anon there has been an epi
demic of crime in high places, and
there is not a state or city and hardly
a village which has not been called to
look upon astounding forgery or an ab
sconding bank cashier or president or
the wasting of trust fund or swindling
mortgages. I propose in carrying out
the suggestion of my text, as far as I
can, to scatter the fascinations around
iniquity and show you that sin is sin
arid wrong is wrong whether in high
place or low place and that it will be
dealt with by hat God who dealt with
All who preach feel that two kinds of
sermons are necessary, the one on the
faith of the Gospel, and the other on
the morality of the Gospel, and the
one is just as important as the other,
for you know that in this land to-day
there are hundreds of men hiding be
hind the communion tables and in
churches of Jesus Christ who have no
business to be there as professors of
religion. They expect to be all right
with God, although they are all wrong
with man. And, while I want you to
understand that by the deeds of the
law no flesh living can be justified and
a mere honest life cannot enter usinto
Heaven, I want you as plainly to un
derstand that unless the life is right
the heart is not right. . Grace in the
heart and grace in the life; so we must
preach sometimes the faith of the
Gospel and sometimes the morality of
It seems to me there has not been a
time in the last 50 years when this lat
ter truth needed more thoroughly to
be presented in the American churches.
It needs to be presented to-day.
A missionary in the islands of the
Pacific preached one Sabbath on hon
esty and dishonesty, and on Monday he
found his yard full of all styles of
goods, which the natives had brought.
He could not understand it until a na
tive told him: "Our gods permit us to
purloin goods, but the God you told us
about yesterday, the God of Heaven
and earth, it seems, is against these
practices, and so we brought all the
goods that do not belong to us, and
they are in the yard, and we want you
to help us distribute them among their
rightful owners." And if in all the pul
pits of the United States to-day rous
ing sermons could be preached on hon
esty and the evils of dishonesty and the
6ermons were blessed of God and ar
rangements could be made by which all
the goods which have been improperly
taken from one man and appropriated
by another man should be put in the
city halls of the country there is not a
city hall in the United States that
would not be crowded from cellar to
cupola. Faith of the Gospel; that we
must preach and we do preach. Moral
ity of the Gospel we must just as cer
Now, look abroad and see the fasci
nations that are thrown around differ
ent styles of crime. The question that
every man and woman has been asked
has been: Should crime be excused
because it is on a large scale? Is in
iquity guilty and to be pursued of the
aw in proportion as it is on a small
scale? Shall we have the penitentiary
for the man who steals an overcoat
from a hatrack and all Canada for a
man to range in if he have robbed the
public of millions?"
Look upon all the fascinations
thrown around fraud in this country.
You know for years men have been
made heroes of and pictorialized and in
various ways presented to the public
as though sometimes they were worthy
of admiration if they have scattered
the funds of banks or swallowed great
estates that did not belong to them.
Our young men have, been dazed with
this quick accumulation. They have
said: "That's the way to do it. What's
tbe use of our plodding on with small
wages or insignificant salary when we
may go into business life and with
some stratagem achieve such a fortune
as that man has achieved?" A different
measure has been applied to the crime
of Wall street from that which has
been applied to the spoils which the
man carries up Rat alley.
So a peddler came down from New
England many years ago, took hold of
the mone- market of New York, flaunt
ed his abominations in the sight of all
the people, defied public morals every
day of his life. Young men looked up
and said: "He was a peddler in one
decade, and in the next decade he is
one of the monarchs of the stock mar
ket. That's the way to do it." To this
day the evil influence of that profligate
has been felt, and within the past few
weeks he has had conspicuous imita
There has been an irresistible im
pression going abroad among young
men that the poorest way to get
money is to earn it. The young man
of flaunting cravat says to the young
man of humble apparel: "What, you
only get $1,800 a year? Why, that
wouldn't keep me in pin money.
spend $5,000 a year." "Where do you
get it?" asks the plain young man
"Oh, stocks, enterprises all that
sort of thing, you know." The plain
young man has hardly enough money
to pay his board and has to wear
clothes after they are out of fashion
and deny himself all the luxuries
After awhile he gets tired of his plod
ding, and he goes to the man who has
achieved suddenly large estate, and
he savs: "Just show me how it is
done." And he is shown. He soon
learns how, and although he is al
most all the time idle now and has
resigned his position in the bank or
the factory or the store, he has
more money than he ever had, trades
off his silver watch for a gold one
with a flashing chain, sets his hat a
little farther over on the side of his
head than he ever did, smokes better
cigars and more of them. He has his
hand in! Now, if he can escape the
penitentiary for three or four years
he will get into political circles, and
he will get political jobs and will
have something to do with harbors
and pavements and docks. Now he
has got so far along he is safe for
It is quite a long road sometimes
for a man to travel before he gets in
to the romance ofcrime. Those are
caught who are only in the prosaic
stage of it. If the sheriffs and con
stables would only leave them alone
a little while, they would steal as
well as anybody. They might not be
able to steal a whole railroad, but
they could master a load of pig iron.
Now, I always thank God when I
find an estate like that go to smash.
It is plague struck, and it blasts the
nation. I thank God when it goes
into such a wreck it can never be
gathered up again. I want it to be
come so loathsome and such an in
sufferable stench that honest young
men will take warning. If God
should put into money or its repre
sentative the capacity to go to its
lawful owner, there would not be a
bank or a safety deposit in the Unit
ed States whose walls would not be
blown out and mortgages would rip
and parchments would rend and gold
would shoot and beggars would get
on horseback and stock gamblers
would go to the almshouse.
And remember, that the man who
gets his gain by iniquity will soon
lose it all. One moment after his de
parture from life he will not own an
opera house, he will not own a cer
tificate of stock, he will not own one
dollar of government securities, and
the poorest boy that stands on the
street with a penny in his pocket,
looking at the funeral procession of
the dead cheat as he goes by, will
have more money than that man who
one week previous boasted that he
controlled the money market.
Oh, there is such a fearful fascina
tion in this dry about the use of trust
funds. It has got to be popular to
take the funds of others and specu
late with them. There are many who
are practicing that iniquity. Almost
every man in the course of his life
has the property of others put in his
care. He has administered, perhaps,
for a dead friend; he is an attorney,
and money passes from debtor to
creditor through his hands; or he is
in a commercial establishment and
gets a salary for the discharge of his
responsibilities; or he is treasurer of
a philanthropic institution, and
money for the suffering goes through
his hands; or he has some office ia
city or state or nation, and taxes and
subsidies and supplies and salaries
are in his hands. Now, that is a
trust." That is as sacred a trust as
God can give a man. It is the con
centration of confidence. Now, when
that man takes that money, the
money of others, and goes to specu
lating with it for his own purposes,
he is guilty of theft, falsehood and
perjury, and in the most intense
sense of the word is a miscreant.
So there has been a great deal of
fascination thrown around libertin
ism. Society is very severe upon the
impurity that lurks around the alleys
and low haunts of the town. The law
pursues it, smites it, incarcerates it,
tries to destroy it. You know as well
as I that society becomes lenient in
proportion as impurity becomes af
fluent or is in elevated circles, and
finally society is silent or disposed to
palliate. Where is the judge, the jury,
the police officer that dare'arraign the
wealthy libertine? He walks the
streets, he rides in the parks, he
flaunts his iniquity in the eyes of he
pure. The hag of uncleanness looks
out of the tapestried window. Where
is the law that dares take the brazen
wretches and put their faces in an iron
frame of a state prison window?
Sometimes it seems to me as if so
ciety were going back to the state of
morals of Herculaneum, when it
sculptured its vileness on pillars and
temple wall and nothing but the lava
of a burning mountain could hide the
immensity of crime. At what time God
will rise up and extirpate these evils
upon society I know not, nor whether
He will do it by fire or hurricane or
earthquake; but a holy God I do not
think will stand it much longer. I be
lieve the thunderbolts are hissing hot
and that when God comes to chastise
the community for these sins, against
which He has uttered Himself more
bitterly than against any other, the
fate of Sodom and Gomorrah will be
tolerable as compared with the fate
of our modern society, which knew
better, but did worse.
We want about 10,000 pulpits in
America tovthunder: "All adulterers
and whoremongers shall have their
place in'the hell that burneth with fire
and brimstone, which is the second
death." It is hell on earth and hell
forever. We have got to understand
that iniquity on Columbia heights or
Fifth avenue or Beacon hill i . as
damnable in the sight of God as it i
in the slums. Whether it has canopied
couch of eiderdown or dwells amid
the putridity of a low tenement house,
God is after it in His vengeance. Yet
the pulpit of the Christian church has
been so cowed down on this subject
that it hardly dares speak, and men
are almost apologetic when they read
the Ten Commandments.
Then look at the fascinations
around assassination. There are in
all communities men who have taken
the lives of others unlawfully, not as
executioners of the law, and they
go scot free. You say they had their
provocations. God gave life, and He
also has a right to take it, and Ho
may take it by visitation of Providence
or by an executioner of the law, who
is nis messenger. But .when a man
assumes that Divine prerogative he
touches the lowest depth of crime.
Society is alert for certain kinds of
murder. If a citizen going along the
road at night is waylaid and slain by
a robber, we all want the villain ar
rested and executed. For all garrot
ing, for all beating out of life by a
club or an ax or a slungshot, the law
has quick spring and heavy stroke;
but you know that when men get af
fluent and high position and they
avenge their wrongs by taking the
lives of others, great sympathy is ex
cited, lawyers plead, ladies weep,
judge halts, jury is bribed and the man;
goes free. If the verdict happen to be
against him, a new trial is called on
through some technicality, and they
adjourn for witnesses that never come,
and adjourn and adjourn until the-
community has forgotten all about it.
and then the prison door opens and
the murderer goes free.
Now, if capital punishment be right.
I say let the life of the polished mur
derer go with the life of the vulgar
assassin. Let us have no partiality of
gallows, no aristocracy of electrocu
tion chair. Do not ,let us float back
to barbarism, when every man was his
own judge, jury and executioner, and
that man had the supremacy who had
the sharpest knife and the strongest
arm and the quickest step and the
stealthiest revenge. He who willfully
and in hatred takes the life of another
is a murderer, I care not what the
provocation or the circumstances. He
may be cleared by an enthusiastic
courtroom, he may be sent by the gov
ernment of the United States as min
ister to some foreign court, or mod
ern literature may polish the crime un
til it loolvs like heroism; but in the
sight of God murder is murder, and the
judgment day will so reveal it.
There are hundreds of young men
who have good blood. Shall I ask three
or four plain questions? Are your
habits as good as when you left your "
father's house? Have you a pool ticket
in your pocket? nave you a fraudu
lent document? Have you been exper
imenting to see how accurate an' imi
tation you could make of your em
ployer's signature? Oh, you have good
blood. Remember your father's
prayers. Remember your mother's
example. Turn not in an evil way.
Have you been going astray? Come
back. Have you ventured out too far?
At Brighton Beach or Long Branch
you have seen men go down into the
surf to bathe, and they waded out
farther and farther, and you got anx
ious about them. You said: "I won
der if they can swim?" And you then
stood and shouted: "Come back! Come
back! You will be drowned! They
waved their hand back, saying: "No
danger." They kept on wading deeper
down and farther out from shore, un
til after awhile a great wave with a
strong, undertow took them out, their
corpses the next day washed on the
beach. So I see men wading down into
sin farther and farther, and I call to
them: "Come back! Come back! You
will be lost! You will be lost!" They
wave their hand back, saying: "No
danger; no danger." Deeper down
and deeper down, until after awhile
a wave sweeps them off forever. Oh,
come back! The one farthest away -
"Oh," you say, you don t know
where I came from; you don t know
what my history has been; you don't
know what iniquity I have plotted. I
have gone through the whole cata
logue of sin. My brother, I do not
know the story, but I tell you this
the door of mercy is wide open-
Though your sins be as scarlet, they
shall be as snow; though they be red
like crimson, they shall be as wodI."
Though you had been polluted with
the worst of crimes, though you have
been smitten with the worst of lep
rosies, though you have been fired with
all evil passions, this moment on your
brow, hot with iniquitousHndulgence,
may be set the flashing coronet of a
Pleased with the nev s. the saints below
In songs their tongues employ;
Beyond the sky the tidings go.
And Heaven is filled with joy.
Nor angels can their joy contain.
But kindle with new fire;
The sinner lost is found, they sin.
And strike the sounding lyre.
A Pessimist's Fun.
"I see that a pearl necklace has
just been sold in Paris for $S4,330."
"Strange how fools with money will
throat away." ClevelandPlaia Dealer,