Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXVII-NO. 11.
BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1901.
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.00 Per Year
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A WEEK'S RECORD
All the News of the Past Seven
HOME AND FOREIGN ITEMS
News of the Industrial Field, Personal
and Political Items, Happening's
at Homo and Abroad.
THE NEWS FROM ALL THE WORLD
Whitecaps fired upon a party of ne
groes returning1 from a festival near
Caney Springs, Tenn., wounding 15,
four of them fatally.
Charles Hartzell, of Colorado, has
"been appointed secretary of state for
Representatives of railroads of th
Trunk lines, central and western pas
senger associations, decided to abol
ish all free passes, after January 1,
Washington is gratified at the new
treaty for an American waterway at the
isthmus. President Roosevelt and oth
er leaders unite in giving credit for
the triumph to McKinley and Hay.
The refusal of America and England
to establish vigorous measures against
anarchists is declared to be responsible
for their recent crimes.
The fire loss of the United States and
Canada for the month of September
amounted to $7,645,200, against $9,110,
300 in September, 1900.
Fire at Arkansas City, Ark., de
stroyed the Paepke-Leicht Lumber
company's immense yard, the loss be
A five-daj' walking match was held
"by 16 passengers on board the steam
ship Coptic on the trip from China to
Four persons were killed and five
wounded in a fight between the Mor
gans and Chadwells near Middlesboro,
Mrs. A. J. Whitwer was arrested at
Dayton, O., suspected of poisoning
four husbands, five children, a sister
and four otherpersons.
Illinois day was celebrated at the
Testimony brought out at the
Schley inquiry in Washington proved
that the Brooklyn and the Oregon were
almost entirely responsible for the de
struction of Cervera's fleet.
Matthew Wilson, accused of at
tempting to assault his wife's1 sister,
was killed by a mob near Rutherford,
Shamrock II. is to be kept in Ameri
can waters' this winter, with a view to
racing the Columbia and Constitution
The steamer Kron Prinz Wilhelm
crossed the Atlantic in 5 days 9 hours
and 4S minutes, breaking the record for
a first eastward trip.
Seth Low resigned the presidency of
Columbia university to devote his time
to the mayoralty contest in Xew York
Four persons were killed in a
freight wreck on the Xew York Cen
tral at Oriskany, X. Y.
Henry Ivord and Charles Perry
(colored) were ha-nged at Philadel
phia for the murder of Frof. White,
of the University of Pennsylvania.
Ex-Gov. Jones, the newly appoint
ed federal judge in Alabama, refused
to give democrats the places of re
Fire which started in the docks of
the Peabody Coal company in Chi
cago caused a loss of $G5S,000.
A national purity convention
opened in Chicago with delegates
present from all parts of the world.
Witnesses at the Schley inquiry in
Washington declared all the charts of
the Santiago sea fight were wrong.
Surgeon General Sternberg, who has
just returned from the Philippines,
says the soldiers are in good health.
Rear Admiral Schley has been
placed upon the retired list by op
eration of law on account of age.
Eighteen inches of rain fell in Gal
veston, Tex., in 24 hours, the heaviest
precipitation in the city's history, and
much damage was done.
Leon Ayres, a Janesville (Wis.)
high school student, committed sui
cide and Robert McKee, of Alma
(Mich.) college, died in a hospital as
a result of injuries sustained in foot
Miss Xanon Cozier, in a fit of jeal
ousy, killed her lover, Frank Hem
ingway, and herself in Savannah, Ga.
Charles A. Johnson, cashier of the
defunct Niles (Mich.) national bank,
pleaded guilty to embezzlement and
was sentenced to ten years in prison.
The Xew York Yacht club refused Sir
Thomas Lipton's request for another
race with Shamrock II. in 1902.
Xat Sloane, chief of the Mobile (Ala.)
fire department, and one of the best
known firemen in the United States,
dropped dead at a fire.
Prof. William Robinson, well known
to theatrical people throughout the
Ucltid States, dropped dscj of 5rt
WORLD'S WHEAT CROP.
Three Kgtlmates Place It In Excess of the
Yield of Preceding: Two Years.
Washington, Oct. 13. The Depart
ment of Agriculture announces that
the three most important estimates of
the world's wheat crop of 1901, so far
made, agree that the crop is larger
than that of either of the two preced
The estimates follow:
ministry of agriculture,
bushels of sixty pounds;
Corn List of London,
bushels of sixty pounds, and Bulletin
Des llalles of Paris, 2,790,310,000 Win
chester bushels. Our department with
holds its opinion as to the degree in
which the world's crop has been ap
proximated in any of these estimates
until a considerably larger number of
official returns is available.
The official Hungarian estimate
says the crop exceeds last year's by
209,881,000 bushels of sixty pounds, or
by 212,430,000 Winchester bushels. Ac
cording to Beerbohm, the excess over
last year's crop is 200,200,000 bushels
of sixty pounds, and according to the
Bulletin Des Halles, the excess is 136,
777,000 Winchester bushels.
The principal increase is credited to"
the United States, Canada and India,
though various other countries are
credited with larger crops than they
had in 1900.
DEATH OF DR. HARRIS.
Noted Methodist liviue Passes Away End
Was Not Unexpected.
Jackson, Teniu, Oct. 13. Rev. Dr.
W. T. Harris died at 8:55 o'clock this
morning. ' Since au early hour yester
day morning his death has been
j)r. Harris was, perhaps, the oldest
and best known minister in the Mem
phis conference, and was a man of
great learning. Only a short time ago
Dr. Harris presided at a mass meeting
of citizens of Jackson, at which reso
lutions deploring the assassination of
the president were drafted. He was in
tensely Democratic, but not in the
partisan spirit, and upon this occasion
expressed thanks that he had been
permitted to live to see a reunited
country. In War, as in peace, he was a
notable figure. He followed the star
of Gen. Forrest, and when war was
over returned to his ministerial duties,
which he closely followed all the years
of his long life.
The funeral services will be held at
the First Methodist church in this
city at 3 o'clock Monday afternoon,
conducted by Rev. Drs. Hamner and
A. B. Jones. The remains will lie in
state in the church until the early
train Tuesday morning, when they will
be removed to Martin, Tenn., for in
terment. STUDY OF AMERICAN SYSTEM
Arrival of English Kailroaders for an In
New York, Oct. 13. On the White
Star liner Celtic, which arrived today,
was a party of English railroad officials
who come here to spend a month
studying American railroad methods
and inspecting systems. They are
George S. Gibb, general manager of
the Northeastern Railroad; Norman
D. MacDonald, T. M. Newell and Wil
son Worsdell, directors of the line.
Speaking of their plans Mr. Gibb said:
"We intend to inspect American rail
rods and will go as far west as Chi
cago. We will study the handling of
freight and the system of signals. Of
course, until we have been about and
seen things I can not state whether
we will adopt any of the features of
the American system."
Trade With SontU. America.
Washington, Oct. 13. Of the total
imports of all South America, 87 per
cent, is taken by the countries border
ing upon the two oceans, and but13
per cent, by those upon the Carribbean.
On the eastern coast of South America
we find Brazil importing in 1899 goods
to the value of over $105,000,000, of
which the United States supplied about
10 per cent.; Uruguay and Paraguay,
$26,000,000, of which, our share was lesa
than 7 per cent., and Argentine, $112,
000,000, of which about 10 per cent,
was from the United States, while a
tour of the Pacific coast shows imports
into Chile of $38,000,000, Peru $8,500,
000, Bolivia $11,6000,000, and Ecuador,
$7,000,000; the proportion from the
United States averaging about 10 per
cent. Thus the northern coast of
South America, fronting on the Carrib
bean Sea, imports goods to the valu9
of $26,000,000, of which we supply au
average of 25 per cent.; the eastern
coast, fronting upon the Atlantic,
$275,000,000; and the Pacific coast,
$60,000,000; of which our proportion is
in each case about 10 per cent.
Pensions and Rewards, y
Madrid, Oct. 13. In the forthcoming
budget, according to El Imparcial, Gen.
Weyler, minister of war, will ask an
increase of expenditure exceeding 2,
000,000 pesetas for the payment of pen
sions and military rewards in connec
tion with the war with the United
Filipinos Do Not Take Kindly to Con
gressman's Sweeping Charge.
Manila, Oct. 13. There Is consider
able criticism here of the recent state
ments of Congressman Edgar Weeks
of Michigan regarding Filipino charac
ter and possibilities. Members -of the
commission refer to his remarks as
"too sweeping," and as "based upon
too short an experience." The native
press unstintingly condemns the con
clusions of Mr. Wes as "ij&jsst and
TENNESSEE STATE NEWS
Weather and Crops.
The weekly crop bulletin of the
United States weather bureau shows
that the past week has been an ideal
one for farm work throughout the
State; that the outlook is now fine
for the sowing of wheat and winter
oats; that frosts have done no damage
and that crops, as a whole, are in con
dition, but that the army worms are
at wcrk in West Tennessee, destroy
ing young oats and rye. Tobacco, per
haps the finest crop for years, has
about all been housed in generally
good condition. Cotton picking is kept
well up with the opening, and planter
are making the most of the short
crops. The work of saving fodder and
Uie various kinds of late hay has pro
gressed favorably, and large quantities
are now stored in fine condition for
winter use. Much late corn has also
been cut and shocked for forage. Late
unmatured crops are in a good state
of development. Late Irish potatoes
promise only fair yields. Peanuts are
being dug and fall apples have been
Decrease In Tax Aggregate.
Tax aggregate returns have been re
ceived by Comptroller King from
forty-eight counties, being one-half of
tae counties in the State. These show
a decrease, as compared with last
year of $736,521. One year ago, how
ever, there was an increase of $31,643,
000, the total being $340,359,108. Tak
ing the counties that have reported,
fifteen East Tennessee counties show
an increase of $22,528, twenty-two
Middle Tennessee counties show a de
crease of $183,714 and eleven West
Tennessee counties show a decrease of
$575,335. "The bulk of the latter de
crease is in Obion county, where it is
probable that the County Clerk failed
to add the 10 per cent, raise made by
the board of equalizers.
County Books in Good Shape.
State Revenue Agent for West Ten
nessee, C. D. M. Greer, has just com
pleted an investigation of the books
of every county officer In West Ten
nessee with the exception of those in
Lake. In each case the examinations
were most favorable. While in near
ly all the offices small discrepancies
were discovered, none of them amount
ed to anything, and Comptroller King
thinks the county offices throughout
Tennessee are in better shape than
ever before in their history. In Mid
dle and West Tennessee the reports
of the revenue agents show affairs to
be in good condition.
Development of Photos.
R. W. Howard, who has just been
released from the State prison, where
he has served seven months on a ten
years sentence for shooting the be
trayer of hi3 ten-year-old daughter,
claims that while he was in the
prison he discovered a method by
which he can develop photos in five
minutes, whereas under the old meth
ods, it takes twenty minutes to de
velop a solar print. Howard is a manu
facturing chemist by profession, but
claims that his discovery is purely a
mechanical process. Howard is from
Chattanooga, and 25,000 people signed
the petition for his pardon.
County Will Purchase Turnpikes.
The Davidson County Court adopted
an order providing for the purchase of
the turnpikes and authorized the issu
ance of bonds to the amount of $250,
000 to pay for them: Only two or three
roads are holding out against dispos
ing of their property to the county,
and as public sentiment is so strongly
in favor of the abolition of the toll
road system it is quite probable that
the dissenting companies will, in due
Free Turnpikes. -
Montgomery county is In a fair way
to have free turnpikes at last. The
County Court has authorized the pur
chase of the Clarksville and Hopkins
ville turnpike and bridge at a cost of
$9,000, one-third to be paid by the
county, and the balance as collected
in tolls, the gates being retained un
til the purcnase money has been paid.
Other pikes in the county will gradual
ly be secured in the same way.
Baptist Association In Convention. -
The Western District Baptist Asso
ciation met at Paris last week in reg
ular annual session at College Grove.
Rev. Martin Ball, of the Poplar Street
Baptist Church, was made clerk,
which place he has held for several
years. This is one of the oldest
Baptist organizations, dating .back,
over a half a century.
Ben Gibson and Bud Bradley, charg
ed with passing raised bills, are in
jail at Mitchelville. ' Gibson is a native
of South Carolina, and is said to have
served a term in the penitentiary for
a like offense. They fill the descrip
tion of parties who passed raised bills
near Gallatin recently.
Killed His Brother.
Wallace Ward, who killed his
brother, Brown Ward, about two weeks
ago, has been released on a bond of
$3,000. He killed his brother in a
hay field, near Paris, with a double
barreled shotgun. The slayer is 21
years of age, and the boy killed was
18. He is of a prominent family.
Haywood County Grange Fair.
The Haywood County Grange has de
cided to hold its annual fair October
24th, at the aall of subordinate graaga
SPANISH GRANTS UPHELD.
Important Decision Involving Water
Rights Rendered In Mexico.
Mexico City, Oct. 12. An important
decision involving water rights has
been rendered by the Federal govern
ment and will probably affect New
York capitalists. A year and a half
ago the town government of Almo
loya, in the State of Mexico, granted
a right to one-third of the water from
the sources of the Leerma river to
William McKenzie. This aroused the
farmers and towns along the river
which flows through several important
States and they petitioned the Federal
government, asking that the conces
sion be declared null and void. The
case has been carefully studied and a
decision just rendered declaring that
the concession is contrary to public
policy and private rights, most of the
landowners along the river holding
their grants from the crown of Spain.
The decision affirms the right of the
Federal government to control the
sources of the river.
MISCHIEVOUS MALVAR. .
Be Is Believed to Be Planning Outbreak
Among Filipinos In the Province
Manila, Oct. 13. The military au
thorities have received word that Gen.
Miquel Malvar, the insurgent leader,
is believed to have left the province ol
Batangas, Luzon, and to be planning
an operation in the province of Bula
can, where insurgent conscription has
been progressing recently. The coun
try there is mountainous and well
adapted to guerrilla warfare.
Capt. Pitcher has practically stamp
ed out insurrection in the Island of
The police force at Banana, province
of Batangas, has been disarmed, and
the chief of police and several others
have been placed under arrest on
charges of belonging to an insurgent
society and using their offices to ob
tain information for the insurgents.
GUSHER ON SPINLDETOP.
Three New Ones Added. Making a Total
Beaumont, Tex., Oct. 13. Three new
gushers have been added to the list ol
wells on Spindletop. The Hogg-Swayna
syndicate No. 4 came in late last
The German-American Oil Com
pany's second well on Spindletop came
in at 10 o'clock this morning, spouting
a steady and heavy stream from the
first It Is an eight-inch well down
to the oil sana.
The Houston-Beaumont Oil Com
pany brought in a big gusher late this
afternoon. The flow of oil, allowed to
escape through a horizontal pipe, was
According to what may be termed an
official count, there are now Bixty
nine gushers on Spindletop.
. A NEGRO WAS KILLED.
Two White Men Claim the Crime, Bui
Coroner Can't Decide.
Lexington, i.y., Oct. 13. Two men,
John T. Doyle and Martin Clark, both
white, are in jail here, charged with
killing a negro named Henry Campbell
last midnight. Each surrendered, be
lieving ihat he fired the fatal shot-
After being ejected, from a saloon,
in which both white men were, Camp
bell went home, secured the rifle which
he carried in the civil war and, return
ing, opened fire from the doorway.
Clark secured a pistol and Doyle a
Winchester, and each shot once. The
negro fell dead, a bullet having pass
ed through his body. The bullet could
not be found and the coroner could
not place the responsibility.
Investigating Wilt Disease.
Montgomery, Oct. 12. W. A. Arton,
assistant pathologist in the bureau of
planting industry of the United States
department of agriculture at Washing
ton, is here to investigote the wilt
disease of cotton, which has been the
cause of much injury in some sec
tions of Alabama, as well as in other
States. He hopes to obtain a variety
of cotton resistants to wilt. . The dis
ease may be recognized, Mr. Arton
says, by the blackening of the inside of
the stem of the diseased plants. It is
curiously in scattered patches In the
fields, which increase in size from
year to year until they involve the
whole field. Land once diseased al
ways remains so, and it is this feature
which makes the disease much to be
STIR AT RIO JANEIRO.
Suspicious Italians Arrested In the False
. of the President.
Paris, Oct. 13. The Lisbon corre
spondent of LaPatrie, says a telegram
has been received at the Portuguese
capital, from Rio Janeiro, asserting
that two Italians were arrested Fri
day evening last in the corridor of th6
presidential palace, by an officer of
the guard. Both were armed with re
volvers and daggers. In Rio Janeiro
it is believed that they are anarchists
and intended to assassinate President
MONEY FOR MISSION WORK.
Sum of 860,000 Collected In One New
New York, Oct. 13. As a result of
tho annual missionary serman preach
ed today in the Gospel Tabernacle by
Dr. A. B. Simpson, the missionary fund
solicitor, the sum of $60,000 was col
lected during the day. Today's meet
ing was the last of the eleven conven
tions that have been held throughout
the United States, and the whole
amount collected for missionary py r
f;CS3 3 pfftTly f
EVILS OF THE NIGHT
Dr. Talmage Points a Warning to
The Well-Known Preacher Describes
Some of the Scenes That May Be
Witnessed After Dark Time
of Great Temptation.
Copyright, 1901, by Louis Klopsch. N. "YtJ
In this discourse Dr. Talmage de
scribes some of the scenes to be wit
nessed late at night in the great cit
ies and warns the unwary of many
perils; text, Isaiah 21, 11: "Watchman,
what of the night?"
When night came down on Babylon,
Nineveh and Jerusalem they needed
careful watching; otherwise the incen
diary's torch might have been thrust
into the very heart of the metropolitan
splendor, or enemies, marching from
the hills, might have forced the gates.
All night long, on top of the wall and
in front of the gates, might be heard
the measured step of the watchman on
his solitary beat. Silence hung in air,
save as some passerby raised the ques
tion: "Watchman, what of the night?"
It is to me a deeply suggestive and
solemn thing to see a man standing
guard by night. It thrilled through
me as at the gate of an arsenal in
Charleston the question once smote
me: "Who' comes there?" followed by
the sharp command: "Advance and
give the countersign." Every moral
teacher stands on picket or patrols
the wall as watchman. His work is to
sound the alarm, and, whether it be in
the first watch, the second watch, in
the third watch or in the fourth watch,
to be vigilant until the daybreak flings
its "morning glories" of blooming
cloud across the trellis of the day.
The ancients divided their night
into four parts the first watch, from
6 to 9; the second, from 9 to 12; the
third, from 12 to 3, and the fourth,
from 3 to 6. I speak now of the city
in the third watch, from 12 to 3 o'clock.
I never weary of looking upon the
life of the city in the first watch. That
is the hour when the stores are clos
ing. The laboring men, having quitted
the scaffolding and the shop, are on
their way home. It rejoices me to
give them my seat in the city car. They
have stood and hammered' away all
day. Their feet are weary. They are
exhausted with the tug of work. They
are mostly cheerful. With appetites
sharpened on the swift turner's wheel
and the carpenter's whetstone they
6eek the evening, meal. The clerks,
too, have broken away from the coun
ter and with brain weary of the long
line of figures and the whims of those
who go a-shopping, seek the face of
mother or wife or child. The streets
are thronged with young men setting
out from the great centers of bargain
making. - Let idlers clear the street
and give right of way to the besweated
artisans and merchants!- They have
earned their bread and are now on
their way to get it. The lights in full
jet hang over 10,000 evening repasts
the parents at either end of the table,
the children between. Thank God,
"who setteth the solitary in families."
A few hours later and all the places
of amusement, good and bad, are in
full tide. Lovers of art, catalogue in
hand, stroll through the galleries and
discuss the pictures. The ballroom is
resplendent with the rich apparel of
those who, on either side of the white,
glistening boards, a wait the signal from
the orchestra. ' Concert halls are lift
ed into enchantment with the warble
of one songstress or swept out on a
sea of tumultuous feeling by the blast
of brazen instruments. Drawing
rooms are filled with all the graceful
ness of apparel, with all sweetness of
sound, with all splendor of manner;
mirrors ar catching up and multi
plying the scene, until it seems as if
in infinite corridors there were gar
landed troops advancing and retreat
ing. The outdoor air rings with laugh
ter and with the moving to and fro of
thousands on the great promenades.
The dashing span, adrip with the foam
of the long country ride, rushes past
as you halt at the curbstone. Mirth,
revelry, beauty, fashion, magnificence,
mingle in the great metropolitan pic
ture until the thinking man soes home
to think more seriously, and the pray
ing man to pray more" earnestly. A
beautiful and overwhelming thing is
the city in the first and second watches
of the night.
'But the clock strikes 12, and the
third watch has begun. The thunder
of the city has rolled out of the air.
The slightest sounds cut the night with
such distinctness as to attract your at
tention. The tinkling of the bell of
the street car in the distance and the
baying of the dog. The stamp of a
horse in the next street. The slamming
of a saloon door. The hiccough of the
drunkard. The shrieks of the steam
whistle five miles away. Oh, how sug
gestive, my friends, the third watch of
There are honest men passing up
and down the street. Here is a city
missionary who has been carrying a
scuttle of coal to that poor family in
that dark place. Here is an under
taker going up the steps of a building
from which there comes a bitter cry,
which indicates that the destroying
angel has smitten the first-born. Here
is a minister of religion who has been
giving the sacrament to a dying Chris
tian. Here is a physician passing along
in great haste. Nearly all the lights
have gone out in the dwellings, for it
is the third watch of the night. That
light in the window is the light of the
watcher, for the medicines must be
administered, and the fever must be
watched, and the restless tossing off
of the coverlid must be resisted, and
the ice must be kept on the hot tem
ples, and the perpetual prayer must
go up from hearts soon to be broken.
Oh, the third watch of the night!
What a stupendous thought a whole
to-morrow's toil.. Hot brain being
cooled off. Rig id muscles relaxed. Ex
cited nerves soothed. The white hair
of the octogenarian in thin drifts
across the pillow, fresh fall of flakes
on snow a'.ready fallen. Childhood,
with its dimpled hands thrown out on
the pillow, and with every breath tak
ing in a new store of fun and frolic.
Third watch of the night! God's slum
berless eye will look. Let one great
wave of refreshing slumber roll over
the heart of the great town, submerg
ing care and anxiety and worriment
and pain. Let the city sleep.
But, my friends, be not deceived.
There will be to-night thousands who
will not sleep at all. Go up that dark
alley, and be cautious where you
tread lest you fall over the pros
trate form of a drunkard lying on his
own doorstep. Look about you, lest
you feel the garroter's hug. Look
through the broken window pane,
and see what you can see. You say:
"Nothing." Then listen. What is
it? "God help us!" No footlights,
but tragedy ghastlier -and mightier
than Ristori or Edwin Booth ever en
acted. No light, no fire, no bread,
no hope. Shivering in the cold, they
have had no food for 24 hours. You
say: "Why don't they beg?" They
do, but they get nothing. You say:
"Why don't they deliver themselves
over to the almshouse?" Ah, you
would not ask that if you ever heard
the bitter cry of a man or child when
"Oh," you say, "they are vicious poor,
and therefore they do not deserve our
sympathy." Are they vicious? So
much more they need your pity. The
Christian poor, God helps them.
Through their night there twinkles
the round, merry star of hope and
through the broken window they see
the crystals of Heaven, but the
vicious poor, they are more to be
pitied. Their last light has gone out.
You excuse yourself from helping
them by saying they are so bad they
brought this trouble on themselves.
I reply: Where I give ten prayers
for the innocent who are suffering I
will give 20 for the guilty who are
Pass on through the alley. Open
the door. "Oh," you say, "it is
locked." No, it is not locked. It has
never been locked. No burglar would
be tempted to go in there to steal
anything. The door is never locked.
Only a broken chair stands against
the door. Shove it back. Go in.
Strike a match. -Now, look. Beastli
ness and rags. See those glaring
eyeballs. Be careful now what you
say. Do not utter any insult, do not
utter any suspicion, if you value your
life. What is that red mark on the
wall? It is" the mark of a murderer's
hand! Look at those two eyes rising
up out of the darkness and out from
the straw in the corner, coming to
ward you, and as they come near you
your lights go out. Strike another
match. Ah, this is a babe, not like
those beautiful children ' presented
in baptism. This little one never
smiled; it never will smile. A flower
flung on an awfully barren beach.
O Heavenly Shepherd, fold that little
one in thy arms!
Strike another match. Ah, is it
possible that the scarred and bruised
face of that young woman was ever
looked into by maternal tenderness?
Utter no scorn. Utter no harsh word.
No ray of hope has dawned on that
brow for many a year. No ray of
hope ever will dawn on that brow.
But the light has gone out. Do not
strike another light. It would be a
mockery to kindle another light in
such a place" as that. Pass out and
pass down the street. Our cities are
full of such homes, and the worst
time the third watch of the night.
Do you know it is in this third
watch of the night that criminals do
their worst work? It is the crimi
nals' watch. At half-past eight
o'clock you will find them in the
drinking saloon, but toward 12
o'clock they go to their garrets, they
get out their tools, then they start
on the street. Watching on either
side for the police, they go to their
work of darkness. This is a burglar,
and the false, key will soon touch the
store lock. This is an incendiary,
and before morning there wrill be a
light on the sky and a cry of "Fire,
fire!" This is an assassin, and to
morrow morning there will be a dead
body in one of the vacant lots. Dur
ing the daytime these villains in our
cities lounge about, some asleep and
some awake, but when the third
watch of the night arrives their eye
is keen, their brain cool, their arm
strong, their foot fleet to fly or pur
sue, they are ready. Many of these
poor creatures were brought up that
way. They were born in a thieves
garret. Their childish toy was a bur
glar's dark lantern. The .first thing
they remember was their mother
bandaging the brow of their father,
struck by the police club. They be
gan by robbing boj-s' pockets, and
now they have come to dig the un
derground passage to the cellar of
the bank and are preparing to blast
the gold vault. Just so long as there
are neglected children of the street,
just so long we will have these des
peradoes. Some one, wishing to make
a good Christian point and to quote
a passage of Scripture, expecting to
get a Scriptural passage in answer,
said to one of these poor lads, cast
out and wretched: "When your fa
ther and mother forsake you, who
will take you up?" and the boy said:
"My friends, you see all around about
you the need that something radical be
done. You do not see the worst. In
the midnight meetings in London a
great multitude has been saved. We
want a few hundred Christian men and
women to come down from the highest
circles of society to toil amid these
wandering and destitute ones and kin
dle up a light in the dark alley, even
the gladnes of Heaven. -Do not go
wr!rp?3 Hivtf furs t?3 tim
your well-filled tables with the idea'
that pious talk is going to stop the
gnawing of an empty stomach or to
warm stockingless feet. Take bread,
take raiment, take medicine, as well as
take prayer. There is a great deal ot
common sense in what the poor wom
an said to the city missionary when he
was telling her how she ought to love
God and serve Him. "Oh," she said, "if
you were as poor and cold as I am and
as hungry you could -think of noth-
I could give you the bistory in a min
ute of one of the best friends I ever
had. Outside of my own family Inever
had a better friend. He welcomed me
to my home at the west. He was of
splendid personal appearance, but he
had an ardor of soul and a warmth of
affection that made me love him like
a brother. I saw men coming out of
the saloons and gambling hells, and
they surrounded my friend, and they
took him at the weak point his social
"nature and I saw him going down,
and I had a fair talk with him, for 1
never yet saw a man you could not
talk with on the subject of his habits
if you talked with him in the right
way. I said to him: "Why don't you
give up your bad habits and become
a Christian?" I remember now just
how he'looked, leaning over his coun
ter, as he replied: "I wish I could. Oh,
sir, I should like to be a Christian, but
I have gone so far astray I can't get
back!" So the time went on. After
awhile the daj' of sickness came. I
was summoned to his sickbed. I has
tened. It took but a few moments to
get there. I was surprised as I went
in. I saw him in his ordinary dress,
fully dressed, lying on top of the bed.
I gave him my hand, and he seized it
convulsively, and said: "Oh, how glad
I am to see you! Sit down there."
I sat down, and he said: "Mr. Talmage,
just where you sit now my mother sat
last night. She has been dead 20 years.
Now, I don't want you to think I am
out of my mind or that I am supersti
tious; but, sir, she sat there last night,
and she said: 'Roswell, I wish you
would do better I wish you would
do better. 'I said: 'Mother, I wish I
could do betetr; I try to do better, but
I can't. Mother, you used to help me.
Why can't you help me now?' And, sir,
I got out of bed, for it was a reality,
and I went to her and threw my arms
around her neck, and I said: 'Mother,
I will do better, but you must help. I
can't do this alone.' ' I knelt and
prayed. That night his soul went to
the Lord who made it.
Arrangements were made for the
obsequies. The question was raised
whether they should bring him to the
church. Somebody said: "You cannot
bring such a dissolute man as that into
the church." I said: "You will bring
him in church; he stood by me when
he was alive, and I will stand by him
when he is dead. Bring him." As I
stood in the pulpit and saw them car
Tying the body up the aisle I felt as if
I could weep tears of blood. On one
side of the pulpit sat his little child of
eight years, a sweet, beautiful little
girl, that I had seen him hug convul
sively in his better moments. He put
on her all jewels and gave her all pic
tures and toys, and then he would go
away, as if hounded by an evil spirit,
to his cups and the house of iniquity
fool to the correction of the stocks.
She looked up wonderingly. She knew
not what it meant. She was not old
enough to understand the sorrow vof
an orphan. On the other side sat the
men who had ruined him; they were
the men who had poured the worm
wood into the orphan's cup; they were
the men who had bound him hand and
foot. I knew them. How did they
seem to feel? Did they weep? No.
Did they say: "What a pity that so
generous a man should be destroyed?"
No. Did they sigh repentingly over
what they had done? No. They sat
there, looking as vultures look at the
carcass of a lamb whose heart they
have ripped out. So they sat and
looked at the coffin lid, and I told them
the judgment of God upon those who
had destroyed their fellow. Did they
reform? I was told they were in the
places of iniquity that night after my
friend was laid in Oakwood cemetery,
and they. blasphemed and they drank.
Oh, how merciless men are, especially
after they have destroyed you! Do
not look to men for comfort or help.
But there is a man who will not re
form. He says: "I won't reform."
Well, then, how many aet's are there
in a tragedy? I believe there are five
acts in a tragedy.
Act the first of the tragedy: A
young man starting off from home;
parents and sisters weeping to have
him go; wagon rising over the hill;
farewell kiss flung back. Ring the btll,
and let the curtain fall.
Act the second: The marriage altar;
full organ; bright lights; long white
veil trailing through the aisle; prayer
and congratulations and exclamation
of "How well she looks!"
Act the third: A woman waiting
for staggering steps; old garments
stuck into the broken window pane;
marks of hardship on the face; the
biting of the nails of bloodless fingers;
neglect and cruelty and despair. Ring
the bell, and let the curtain drop.
Act the fourth: Three graves in a
dark place grave of the child that
died for lack of medicine, grave of th
wife that died of a broken heart, gr )
of the man that died of dissipation! On,
what a blasted heath with three
graves! Plenty of weeds, but no flow
ers. Ring the bell, and let the curtain,
Act the fifth: A destroyed soul's
eternity; no light, no music; blackness '
of darkness forever. But I cannot
look any longer. Woe, woe! I close
my eyes to this last act of the trag
edy. Quick, quick! Ring the bell, and
let the curtain drop. "Rejoice, O young
man, in thy youth, and let th-y heart re
joice in the' days of thy youth, but
know thou that for all these things God
will bring you into judgment." "There
is a way that seerceth right to a scaBj
in i eel t&ita! Is i?Jh" "