Newspaper Page Text
YOL. XXX VIII NO. 27.
BOLIVAR, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, APRIL 10, 1903.
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.00 Per Year
B HJ 11 j 11 -i IPm X IJLnI o
the hea - Vens
tt7if tphereythe. morning ipighjfglhay4
"he. morning jtoufligh
igels stfeep -1f
bveep -to tf
f Dotvn stts
Lirtl tof HiJrAfeeti
S"mile throvtjfh tehrs lv
WO things has Ireland de
manded for many centuries.
These same two things,
with a third, has it been the
desire of the most far
sirrhted of the Kncrlish peo-
nlo - Kpr-iir in Ireland. The first de
sideratum, first because so closely al
lied to the bread-and-butter problem,
is a beneficial change in the manner of
holding land. The second demand is
for an effective voice of the Irish peo
ple in the government of themselves.
The additional problem for Great Brit
ain is to secure loyalty on the part of
the Irish to the British government.
Hy means of the Irish land bill re
cently introduced in parliament by
George Wyndham. chief secretary for
Ireland, it is confidently expected that
MAP OF IRELAND SHOWING THE CONGESTED
DISTRICTS IN BLACK.
Reprinted froai the Ueview of Keviews.
the first of these problems will grad
ually find solution. It is even thought
by some observers that the passage of
this bill will pave the way for political
reform, the second of Ireland's prob
lems. What England desires most of
all, loyalty on the part of Erin, is al
ready practically assured, because of
the adherence to the measure of the
Irish members as well as of its spon
sors among the party at present in
power in England.
The land problem in Ireland was
very . tersely stated when William
O'Brien said: "Where the lands are,
there are no people; where the people
are, there is no land." The farmers of
this country, with their broad acres,
will radlly understand, the situation,
t least in part, when it is stated that
there Is on the average only five acres
under the plow for each farmer (so
called engaged in r-aiirng crops. But
thT lire ome farms of rally respect
he 'stone fromrthe sealed door.
' Hetaosyteadistjjie InfT
Seyiuheie heSctiMy uf U
hoc JW mme ASte Orient's gleamj J
Hints a dfvfner sf5fffitseXl J
One jaitfj- taty$lmcyestic mien, ' Vf
Utiush I Tis tmne M
l . Kneel for Anointing $Mysm
n e eurdtionNootuer,
Vi Forth, tJfth rrie lr is risen "
- on. tovings of snot
thy doubt hath shed.
J my dead,
lieiz Frances ElbYtosley
R. 3.. ES,0'K5O,
IN OLD IRELAND
able proportions, which means, to
reach the average, some very tiny
farms, mere garden plots in perhaps
the majority of cases. Now add to this
the fact that those who have occupied
the land have not been allowed to own.
it. The whole of the Emerald isle was
originally farmed out in great. estates.
The great landowners surely would not
sell when tlfey so clearly saw that the
only limit to renting values was the
difference between the gross annual
value of the farm and the cost of mere
subsistence on the part of the occu
piers. The Gladstone land bill of 1881
took from the landlords the privilegfe
of fixing the rents, and partially cured
the abuse. The present act goes fur
ther, indeed right to the root of the
matter, and aids the tenants in secur
ing the fee to their lands. It will cost
England something. It is estimated
that it will be a matter of a sum just
under $2,000,000 per annum. This, how
ever, will be partially" compensated for
by the reduced cost of Irish administra
tiou, perhaps to the extent of quite
two-thirds of the cost. But peace, con
tentment" and loyalty on the part of
the Irish people would more than re
pay the entire cost if all had to come
"out of the treasury without hope of
Chansei AVromsht by Age.
In the body changes that take place
as we grow old, Metchnikoff and other
physiologists suppose that an impor
tant part is taken by the phagocytes,
or devouring cells. Some years ago it
was made to appear that some of these
cells are color eaters, and that they
whiten the hair by seizing the pigment
grains and conveying them into the
skin or out of the organism. On furf
ther study the theory has been evolved
that old age itself is due to phagocytes
that destroy the nerve cells. The nerve
eating cells have been found in the
brains of man y old people and old mam
mals, as well as in porsons suffering
from nervous disease, but in no case
have they been known to reach such
development or to have so nearly
taken" the place of the nerve cells as
in the brain of a parroquet that died
at the great age of 81, after some years
of feebleness and senility.
Not the mr.
"Come along' &aid Mr. Nupop,
fresh from his interview with the
jauitor, "we'll have to look at flats
"But why can't w tke this?" de
manded Mrs. Nupop. "It's like heav
en here, and "
"ot much, it isn't, and that's the
trouble. They take children in tear
en." Philadelphia Press.
II V X
MISS ALICE THAWS' FORTUNE.
It Prove to Be Nearer Two Millions
Than One, and, He Ins of A,
She Han Control of It.
Chicago, April 4. A dispatch to the
Eecord-IIerald from Pittsburg, Pa.,
N When the earl of Yarmouth and
Miss Alice Thaw are married in this
city April 7, the young bride will have
mere money than has been expected.
It was thought that Miss Thaw's es
tate was worth $1,000,000, but investi
gation shows that she has in her own
right nearly $2,000,000.
The statement that the trustees -of
the estate woiild allow her only $25,
000 a year has been found to be un
true. By the terms of her father's
will she, was given possession of her
share when she reached the age of 21
years. Miss Thaw has attained the
age of 21 so that she is now entitled
to and has received her full share of
COVERING BY THE SHORTS.
All Ordinary Market Conditions Ig
nored In n. Scramble to Cover
by Cotton Short.
New York, April 4. Extensive cov
ing by the shorts sent May cotton up
20 points to 10:20 Saturday. This is
the highest figure reached in the
present movement, exceeding by three
points the record price for May cot
ton, touched during the Sully-Price
contest, a few weeks ago. From the
top figure May declined ten points,
and then made a partial rally. From
outward indications the bull element
seemed to oppose rather than encour
age the advance, which was due pri
marily to realization by the shorts of
the difficulty of meeting contracts.
All ordinary market conditions were
ignored, however, in the wild scram
ble to cover.
FATHER OF HOOPER YOUNG.
He Ha Jn.it Returned From Abroad,
But Refnaes to Talk About
III Son' Case.
New York, April 4. John
Young, father of Ilooper Young, who
is serving a life sentence in Sing
Sing for the murder of Mrs. Pulitzer,
has returned from his long" sojourn
Concerning the rumor that he had
married Miss Lillian Judge, of this
city, and the report that financial
trouble had overtaken him as a result
of his connection with the United
States shipbuilding combination, Mr.
Young was silent. His answer to all
questions , invariably was:
"I have no statement to make. By
and by, perhaps." lie refused to talk
about his son's case.
FATAL FIRE AT KANSAS CITY
Two Lire Lout and Three Other
Persons Burned In a. Board
ing House Fire.
Kansas City, Mo., April 4. One man
was burned to death, another was so
badly burned that he soon died, and
three others were slightly burned in
a fire here early Saturday morning in
a four-story brick building at 500
West Fotirteenth street, occupied by
Mrs. Mary Hallen as a boarding house.
William Bidgely, a railway mail clerk,
was found dead in his room on the
fourth floor, and John Pugh, an em
ploye of the Price Mercantile Co., was
so badly burned about the body that
he died on the way to the hospital.
The six other persons in the building
escaped, three of them with slight
burns. The pecuniary damage was
Illinois G. A. It. Encampment.
St. Louis, April 4. Members of the
executive committee having in charge
the preparations for the Grand Army
encampment in East St. Louis, 111.,
in May, say that from reports received
there will be at least 15,000 visitors in
East St. Louis during the encamp
ment. Returning? to WoahinKton.
Norlolk; Va., April 4. Mrs. Roose
velt decided not to take the proposed
trip on the Mayfljwer to Port IioyalT
The vessel remained at anchor off
Lynn Haven inlet until Saturday
evening, when it started on the re
turn trip to Washington.
With Indications of Snlelde.
Troy, N. Y., April 4. The body of
Henry T. Nason, judge of Renssalear
county, who had been missing since
Monday, has been found in a field
south of Albany." Indications were
that he had taken his own life.
Killed By 111 Wife.
Little Eock, Ark., April 4.-Jack
Ware, a well-known machinist, was
shot and instantly killed, Friday
night, by his wife, whom he was beat
ing, to which numerous bruises at
tested. Mrs. Ware was arrested.
Indicted for Murder.
St. Louis, April 4. The grand jury
has voted an indictment against John
Hyde, a prisoner at the city work
house, who, on Wednesday afternoon,
stabbed and fatally wounded John
Lehmer, a fellow prisoner.
One of the Founders of Vhl TJpsllon.
New York, April 4. George Wash
ington Tuttle, one of the seven stu
dents of Union college, Schnectady,
who, in November, 1SS3, founded the
Psi Upsilon fraternity, is dead at his
home in Bath, N, Y.
v William .M. Harrhnnn.
,.ew York, April 4- William M.
Harriman, brother of E. H. Harri
man, died at 2:45 Saturday morning,
at the Plaza hotel, from a complica
tion of diseases. He was 49 years old.
The speakers had difficulty in main
taining quorums in the general assem
bly, and in the senate Speaker Seay
had to go so far as to send the ser-geant-at-arms
oa a hunt for members.
A large number of local bills were
disposed of in the two houses, but
the desks of the clerks are still full.
The senate jjassed the house bill mak
ing more stringent the" punishment for
owning or operating a poolroom, al
though Senator Peake made a vigorous
fight against it. The senate rejected
the Morton pure food bill, there being
little opposition to such action. Quita
a number of bills were introduced in
each house, but few of general impor
tance. FIFTY-SIXTH DAY. .
The principal event in the general
assembly was the overwhelming de-'
feat of the Baxter railroad regulating
bill. In accordance with the recom
mendation of the committee on rail
roads, the friends of the bill made aa
effort to have it placed on the table,
but the opposition would not accede
to this proposition. The vote to re
ject was 26 to 3, and this action, un
der the constitution, prevents the pas
sage of the second bill, which is also
recommended for rejection. Senators
Baxter, Adams and Joaes voted against
rejection. Senator Baxter made a
speech for the bill, in which he gave
warning that the fight was -not yet
ended, and that it would be carried to
the next legislature. He said that it
had become an issue in the State, and
that he did not Intend to let the $8,
000,000 invested ia Tennessee by his
associates be confiscated.
In the house nothing of general in
terest transpired, outside of the pas
sage of the bill to regulate the op
eration of the telephone companies.
This bill was recommended lor rejec
tion, but its consideration provoked a
lengthy discussion. Mr. Peay offered
an amendment empowering the rail
road commission to regulate the rates
charged by telephone companies;
adopted, 63 to 3. The bill then passed
by a vote of 64 to 7. Mr. Tyson of
Madison eatered a motion to recon
sider. FIFTY-SEVENTH DAY.
The house declined by a vote of
47 to 36, to repeal the act prohibit
ing insurance companies from attach
ing the three-fourths clause to poli
cies. The repeal bill was ably sup
ported and had a big insurance lobby
behind it. A motion to reconsider
was entered and c will come up later.
It is not believed the bill can pass.
A compaaion bill, that providing for a
standard policy, was made a special
order for tomorrow afternoon.
The bill providing for the paroling
of convicts under 16 years of age, ex
cept those guilty of treason, arson,
murder and rape, passed the house.
The world's fair appropriation bill,
carrying $40,000, passed the house by
a good majority. None of the money
is to go for a building.
The senate passed a bill which pro
vides for the boards of education for
the commoi schools in each county,
these boards to take the place of dis
trict school directors. The bill was
introduced to apply to Montgomery
county only, butthe senate amended
it as above. If the house agrees to
this bill it is claimed u will save thou
sands of dollars a year to the schools.
The senate got along rapidly with
its business, because of the enforce
ment of the ruling excluding visitors
from the floor.
New bills included the following:
By Mr. Cooper To provide for ob
taining personal judgment against non
residents by amending the attachment
By Mr. Bell To amend the general
road law so that half of the labor and
half of the road tax can be concen
trated on a special road until it can
be made a permanent road or turn
pike. By Mr. Bright To relieve iadigent
Confederate soldiers engaged in busi
ness and not having invested more
than $250 of taxes for privileges.
By Mr. Erwin To regulate the aud
iting of all accounts against the State
on account of any of its institutioas;
also to prohibit champertous contracts
within the State between lawyers and
By Mr. Ledgerwood To amend oil
By Mr. Graham To prevent catch
ing or killing fish all over the State
by means of poison or explosives. It
provides a fiae of $50 to $250, one
half of the penalty going to the in
former and one-half to the common
school fund in the county in which
the offense is committed.
The Ledgerwood forestry resolution
to provide means for protecting the
forests to the Stale was adopted.
Senate bills on third reading:
To erect a moaifaient to the memory
of the patriots who assembled at Syc
amore Shoals; rejected.
To amend the funding law so as to
allow the funding board to-call in cer
tain certificates of indebtedness held
by certain charitable and educational
institutions; amended so as to except
the bonds held by the "University of
Teanessee, and passed.
To prohibit the planting of . Johnson
grass seed; passed.
To appropriate funds to establish
an East Tennessee industrial school;
To regulate making of bequests to
charitable and educational institu
tions; requires that they must have
been made niaety days before death;
To make it unlawful to sell theater
tickets at any greater price than they
are sold at thebox office. Passed.
Accepting about $400,000 left the
city of Memphis by tne late William
A. Goodwyn. Passed.
To repeal an act providing for the
redemption of notes of the Bank of
i Tennessee. Tabled.
To amend me general roan law so
as to provide for bonds for costs whea
complaints are filed. Passed.
Authorizing courts to take judicial
notice of the laws of other States.
In the House.
Under the call for bills in the house.
the following, among others, were in
troduced: By Mr. Luna To provide that the
fact a soldier was disabled when he
entered the service shall not deprive
him of the right to a pensioa.
By Mr. Maddox To make it a mis
demeanor, punishable by $100 to $250
fine, to beget an illegitimate child
of an unmarried female, fines recov
ered to be used to maintain the child.
By Mr. Thomison To require poll
taxes to be paid at least thirty days
before election day to qualify a voter.
By Mr. WikleTo make the fee
of the State entomologist $5, for a
nursery of less than fifty acres, ualess
the stock is worth less than $500, when
the fee shall be $2.50, and to exempt
By Mr. Sidwell To require all ac
counts of State institutions to be item
ized and sworn to.
House bills on third reading:
To specify what shall be printed
on fertilizer packages. Passed.
To prevent the abatement of suits
brought by the widow of any persoa,
who meets with his death on account
of negligence of corporations, or their
agents, because of tne death of the
widow before affinal judgment is ob
To repeal the act prohibiting stock
holders of banks from selling shares
of stocks, until the full amount of cap
ital stock is paid up. Passed.
To empower County Courts to pay
for all public printiag of the various
Mr. Tyson called up the world's fair
bill appropriating $40,000 for a Ten
nessee exhibit at the St. Louis expo
sition. Mr. Morgan moved to amend by
striking out $40,000 and inserting $30,
000. Mr. Cooper moved to table the
amendment, which motion prevailed.
The bill was passed 97 to 26. A mo
tion to recoasider was tabled.
To establish a board of inspectors
to license steam engineers in towns
and cities of 15,000 population and
over. Failed for lack of. a constitu
tional majority ayes 43, noes 27. Mr.
Sturdivant entered a motion to re
coasider. To provide for the appointment of
the five trustees of the Western Asy
lum for the Insane by the governor.
The same to be from the counties com
posing that district. Tabled.
To amend the act providing for a
uniform system of public schools, so as
to raise the salaries of county super
intendents of public instruction.
To amead the act prohibiting jus
tices of the peace from having offices
outside of the districts from which
they are elected, so as to make the
law apply to Hamilton county. Passed.
The two houses of the general as
sembly disposed of a lot of business,
and the house held its first night ses
sion. The standard policy of insurance bill
passed the house alter being amended
in some important p'articulars.
The house also passed the Coafeder
ate pension bill formulated by a leg
islative committee, and which took the
place of bills offered by Senator Cox
and Senator Jones and Representative
Warren. The bill increases the pen
sion appropriation $50,000 a year, or
$200,000 ia all, and provides for a
There was nothing out of the ordi
nary in the senate.
Among the new bills in the house
today were these:
By Mr. Cooper To require poi3on
sold to be put up in triangular bot
tles. By Mr. Luna To authorize circuit
and criminal judges to fix bail in mis
meanor cases after indictment.
By Mr. Thomison To provide for a
lien on furniture, stock, etc., for rent.
By Mr. McClure To fix a standard
quality for oil used in coal mines.
By Mr. BradleyTo fix the salaries
of circuit clerks at from $600 to $2,
500. By Mr. Laughlin To provide for the
dismissal of pending tax suits.
To amend the act affecting laad
companies so as to give such compa
nies the right to build waterworks and
electric light plants. Failed for want
of a constitutional majority. Mr. Col
lier entered a motion to reconsider.
Mr. Ritchie called up the motion
to reconsider the bill putting attorneys-general
back oa fees. This meas
ure failed some days ago for the want
of a constitutional majority.
After an animated and lengthy dis
cussion the bill again failed, the vote
standing 47 ayes to 39 noes.
I a the senate the new bills included
bill appropriating $40,000 for an exhib
it at the St. Louis exposition.
By Mr. Caruthers To repeal the
section of the code which authorizes
county courts to define lawful fences.
By Mr. Graham Excepting green
house provisions of the State entomol
ogist's law and making inspection fees
of nurseries $2.50 for under fifty acres,
aad $5 for over fifty acres.
By Mr. White To create a land
lord's lien for rent of store houses.
By Mr. Norfleet To amend an act
to provide for the construction of turn
pikes so as to raise the tax from 10
cents to 15 cents. Applies only to
An amendment to the rules" was
adopted, providing that where a bill
has been rejected aad a motion to re
consider, it can be taken from the ta
ble when twenty-five senators vote
and two-thirds favQr taking it from
the table. -Boundary
Gov. Frazier submitted a short mas
sage relating to the boundary between
Tennessee and Arkansas. He states
that ia 1876 the Mississippi river, in
changing its course, left a civil dis
trict of Tipton county west of the riv
er. He points out that the mark of old
river bed, showing the line, is rapidly
becoming obliterated. The new lands
belong to the State. He recommends
tnat a commission of three persons
be appointed to take up the questioa
of the boundary with the Arkansas
authorities and arrange for making
the boundary, aad to recommend to
the next legislature what should be
done with the State land. He thinks
it would be advisable to turn the pro
ceeds into the school fund.
Mr. Baxter's coavention bill only
lacked two votes of passing the sen
ate, and it will come up again, as Mr.
Peak, who" voted for it, changed his
vote in order to enter a motion to re
consider. ' Mr. Baxter made a brilliant
speech for his bill, pointing out that
the question at issue was inferior to
none which had come before the sen
ate. Ia private affairs, said the sen
ator, it was well enough at times to
take one's bearings. The time has
arrived to take its bearings and see
where it is drifting. In 1772, he said,
Tennessee produced the first charter
on the American continent and yet it
is the only State, except one, which
has not changed its constitution with
in the past twenty years.
."A constitution is not an Iron bar
to be placed about a young tree, to fin
ally cut off its vitality," he said. "We
are not Medes and Persians, who must
live under fixed laws." The speaker
thea briefly reviewed the constitution
al history and told of the conditions
among the early settlers which pro
moted and demanded a desire for self
government. He reviewed the subse
sequent changes made in 1853 and
again under the Brownlow administra
tion, aad passing on down to the con
vention of 1870, he spoke at length
on this subject.
He said the sj'stem of taxation
should be revised.. The judiciary
needs renovation. He declared that
by a change in the judiciary a saving
in one year would amount to twice as
much as the conventioa would cost.
He declared that public education de
manded a change in the present con
stitution. Mr. Norfleet said that the gentleman
from Davidson had given to the sen
ate a complete history of the evolution
of the constitution aad a true history
of the resources and wealth of the
State. He said to revise the constitu
tion of a State is to put in its body
new life and blood. It is an inexora
ble law that "if we do not go forward
we go backward;" the present consti
tution, with a few amendments, is the
same as that of 1796, as every lawyer
knows. It is.necessary that the or
ganic law of the State should keep
pace with its progress. He hoped
the senate would not refuse to submit
this question to a vote of the people.
He, for one, was more than willing
to leave it to the people. Mr. Ledg
erwood agreed with the author of the
bill that nothing which has been or
can come before the senate is of equal
importance to this question. He rec
ognized that the time has ome when
a coastitutional contention should be
called so that a constitution in keep
ing with and abreast of the times can
be written. There were a hundred
valid reasons why the people should
have a constitutional convention. He
attacked also the present court system,
which, he declared, should be regular
Mr. Rice called for the previous
questioa, and it was sustained. The
vote resulted 15 to 15.
Pension Bill Disagreement.
The senate declined to concur in
the house substitute pension bill and
confreres will have to dispose of the
bill unless the house backs down aid
accepts the Cox bill.
The senate passed the committee
bill providing for the better inspection
of illuminating oils. The bill fixes
the flash test at 120 instead of 112 de
grees, and a specific quantity test of
Among the new bills were these:
By Mr. Jones To amend an act for
pensioaing indigent Confederate sol
diers. By Mr. Cate of Bradley To amend
the law relative to employment of
child labor so as to permit certain
children to work.
By Mr. Erwin To allow the sale of
domestic wines manufactured, pro
vided such wines are not adulterated
or that they are not sold in less than
By Mr. Erwin To require State in
stitutioas to pay into the treasury
with itemized statements all moneys
received from private patients or the
sale of products.
By Mr. Adams To empower the
chancellor to consolidate causes when
they are on the same subject if they
are all ready to be heard.
In the House.
Under the call for bills in the
house the following, among others,
By Messrs. McClure and Chestnut
To authorize the governor to appoint
a commissioa to fix the boundary line
between Tennessee and Arkansas.
Bv Mr. Warren To permit children
of a widowed mother or helpless fa
ther to work in factories or mines.
By Mr. Wllkie To regulate the tax
on foreign corporations filing their
charters ranging from $50 for com
panies of $100,0CD and less to $250
for compaaies over $1,000,000.
By Mr. Lipscomb To allow pro
ducers of grape wine to sell same
in quantities of one gallon and over.
By Mr. McRee To allcw veterans
to carry arms at reunions or on pa
By Mr. Cleage To authorize the
prison commission to disallow good
time of prisoners.
House bills on third reading:
To repeal the act prohibiting in
suraace companies from attaching the
three-quarter clause. Reconsidered
and passed ayes 63, noes 19.
To authorize electric railroads to
own parks and to extend their tracks.
Senate bill passed.
To make it unlawful to destroy wire
To regulate the trial by circuit
judges of cases heard by them without
the interventioa of a jury. Passed.
To prevent persons wearing as or
naments bodies of dead birds. Passed
after being amended so as to become
effective on year after its passage.
To amend the act defining the lia
bility of married women. Failed for
want of a constitutioaal majority.
The general assemoly took a recoss
until next Tuesday In order to give
the committees time to catch up with
their work. Neither the report of
the penitentiary committee nor of the
committee which investigated the of
fices of comptroller and treasurer were
submitted today. Both go over until
The Confederate pension bill went
to a conference committee, the house
refusing to recede from its atnend-mnts.
1 01 IS I II.
It is Not So Very Big as Yet, But II
Keeps Growing in Size
IT MAY BURST IN A TERRIBLE STORM.
The TJenth of M. St. Chrrblna, tfc
Rnsnlnn Consul at Mltrorltma,
Who wits Shot by an Albania
Sentry, May he Full of Porten.
for Tnrkey In Europe.
Saloniea, European Turkey, April
4. It is reported that M. St. Cher
bina, the Russian consul at Mitrovit
za, who was shot in the back by an
Albania sentrv there, is dead.
TIIG BILGAKIAXS ARB BIST. 1
Active Measures Being; Taken
Against the Macedonian Bands.
Vienna, April 4. Advices received
here from Sofia say that the Bul
garian government is taking active
measures against the Macedonian
bands and has seized a large quantity
of their arms which was hidden in
Sofia. Bulgarian gendarmes on the
frontier near Dubnitza have fired on
iasurgents who were attempting' to
smuggle guns into Turkey.
Fresh insugent bands have appeared
in thedistrict of Djumaa (Roumelia),
and a strong detachment of Turkish
cavalry with artillery has started in
pursuit, going toward the Kresna
MAY MEAN MICH TO TURKEY. 1
The Death of the Ruxslan Consnl nt
Mltrovltr.a and "What May Kollov.
Vienna, April 4 "If I am killed
Turkey's extinction is certain," is the
statement attributed to M. St. Cher
bina, Russian consul at Mitrovitza, be
fore he was shot.
The eonsul's words have made a
deep impression on the sultan. They
are also considered by the insurgents
as an indication that Russia may be
expected in a short time to refuse to
ttiuporize anj- further with Turkey
and to organize a scheme for Euro
An Austrian member of parliament,
who has just returned from a jour
ney through the Balkans, said:
"The reforms have failed to pacify
the Christians, because of the exag
gerated reports in the English and
French newspapers, and because of
the hope that Russia would come to
the rescue whenever Slav blood be
gan to flow. This statement confirms
the reports that the Bulgarians, who
are strong, primitive, cruel and re
lentless, are the prime movers in the
"These Bulgarians are keen stu
dents of European political tenden
cies, and discern the possibility of a
new -triple alliance as the result of
the confused and threatening situa
tion in the Balkan peninsula. Great
Britain, France and Italy are the pow
ers associated in this connection, and
the particular object set before them
is the preservation of the status quo.
and the pacification of southeastern
"It is believed that this alliance,
which already exists in sentiment, is
daily becoming closer. The three na
tions, without any reservation touch
ing Russia's ally, are a unit in their
suspicion and apprehension regarding
the real purpose of Russia and Aus
tria in the Balkans. They are afraid
that they may wake up some nyrning
and find Turkey in ruins, with Russia
and Austria in possession of the de
bris. The views of England, France
and Italy as to the proper course of
action in the disturbed peninsula are
absolutely harmorous. None of the
three powers doubt the sincerity of
GUILTY OF BRIGANDAGE.
Former Alrte-de-Causp of Gen. San
Miguel Convicted and Sen
tenced to Death.
Manila, April 4. Col. Julian Santos,
the former aide-de-camp of the late
Gen. San Miguel, who participated in
San Miguel's operations and was cap
tured, over a month ago, by Gov. Dan
iel Rigard of Rizal" province, personal
ly, has been found guilty at Pasig,
before Judge Crossfield, of brigand
age, abduction and disarming the po
lic at Novalishes, and was sentenced
to death. The case will be appealed.
FIFTEEN HUNDRED IDLE.
Strike of Colliery Mrivers and Load
ers Causes a Suapention in.
Shamokin, Pa., April 4. The drivers
and loaders at the Philadelphia &
Reading Coal and LfOan Co.'s Burnside,
Bear Valley and Sterling collieries,
went on strike, Saturday, because the
company refused to agree to give them
nine hours' work on Saturdays if they
quit toil at three o'clock. Heretofore
they received a full day's work by
starting at 7 a, m. and quitting at
4 p. m. Fifteen hundred men and
boys were rendered idle. -'
To Attend the Dedication.
Springfield, HI., April 4. Most ol
the members of the assembly are to
attend the dedication of the World's
1 fair at St. Louis. The committee ar
; ranging for accommodations report
; that their lists already include almost
all the members.
Finns Going to Sooth Africa-
j Johannesburg, South Africa, April
4. It is reported that applications
have been received for immigration
permits for 30,000 Finns,