Newspaper Page Text
'V . 'N
rll I liniin n.".' iiumlicr of er.ide
ami fri'(i!( ii ly impassable
road i.) he f,)iiii;l in all parts
(0 of Hi,- 1'iiilcd Kiate.-i and (li..
ft-rimis xteiit (o vlilli they have
handicapped tin- marki'ting of farm
product. -i In vi'ilous K'ctloin of the
counlry li'iid I'spci'ial hdgiiilieam-o to
Hi.- enwado In favor or good roads,
Vhhh U Loin;: ( ndci !nl hy tin- OUice
of lt.ad Inquiry, a division of the De
partment of Agriculture. As vet there
i., . ... i . .
u.;c i:,)i nci'il rCctUVil II l i n--ii
of sulilohmt sl.c l,j enable the
incut io U'idi ria!;o on l!:-: own
the i"."oi.doii of lu-! t-r highway.;,
ihh will (iino in time, and incniw
highly Important i-.-.uIt arc Iming
eompli.-h-d solely hy th;- pro.n-nta
Of forceful object l.-:,otis.
Tln i:!vo.--ii:;a;.)i. o.' t!i, o.'llee ,;
Kuad ln-ntiry nr. mainly dim-led in
sewn r.vr.er.il V.-.-UU, namely: to in-v:-taia
as nearly jm ii;-;ict:c;ildt lh stomal
cost of had road.-s and the benefit, oi
Rood leads; to demonstrate the inter
cut of cities mid towns and the owii-th
of property of all kinds wherever fdtu
li tod, in t In Improvement of counlry
roads; to develop the methods where
by all of these iutoivaU may eo-opor-
ate with the farmers in tho work of
road improvement; to discover Avhat
actual and py?tomatie road imiirovo
ment is being carried on in siuy part
of tho United States, and how the
same or modified methods may ho ap
plied to other sections; to discover road
materials in varioua sections of the
country; to discuss icw plans for
road construction and encourags ex
periment in this direct icn and, linaliy,
to actually construct sample roads.
Tho governmental exports have In
cidentally devoted much attention to
tho subject of wide tires; have inves
tigated the use of convict labor in voaC:
construction, and encouraged the or
ganization of .State and local road as-
EOAD SCItAPEB AT WOr.K.
Bociations. In this conuectiou many im
portant experiments have been made
to test tho power required in hauling
over various kinds of roads. The Gov
ernment has learned, too, by eonsulta-
If vaWWv ir'4tj k':
) - tion with many thousands of the most
1 intelligent farmers of tho country that
the expense of moving farm products
i and supplies averages on all tho Amer-
f lean country roads twenty-five cents
j per ton mile, whereas tho charge in tho
j -good roads districts of this and other
s' countries is less than one-third that
I ( amount. This extra expense amounts
j I in the aggregate to more than the eu-
' tire expenditures of the National Gov-
I eminent, and taking into account all
of the hauling done on the public roads
the loss is equal to one-fcurth of the
home value of ail the farm products
of the United States.
Trobably tho most interesting phase
of the work has been found, however,
in the construction of specimen roads
of various kinds in different parts of
ELEVATING HOUSE -DIIA
the country. Ordinarily three styles
of road have been represented in this
experimental work a modern macad
am, a sand and a dirt road. Of these
three the mac? dam highway is the
most interesting from the point of con
struction. Afier a uniform grade has
been secured by the use 0 wheck-d
' t I , I ft ) I , A , ft , , I ,
icrapers, dra;; M-rapon and phnv.s, mid
possl'oly load grader 31 H Well. IliefO
sire placed upon this foundation three
M'pantto layers of the Pest (ptallly of
Htono that Im procurable !:i the vicin
ity. Tho foiindalloii course, which Is
is about live Inehe.H In t hick ne.-..i and
made up of two and one-half Inch
atone, Is thoroughly ro!h'd before tiie
K'eond course, composed of one and
one half inch htoiie. Is pnt on. and this
layer in I tu n Is sprinkled ami rolled
l.cforo- tiie : in-face layer or "Milder,"
as it Is conr.-.K lily called, consisting of
three euai ler inch stoi-.e and dust, l.s
put In place.
The t-and road Is formed by placing
kIx Ineliis of river sand on a lied of
mitnral clay, in illier the bed imr the
Kir.-face of the mid lieint; rolled. Tiie
dirt read Is made by p-adin In the
usual manner. As a rule neither of
ll-ese latter classes of highways is con
structed save to demonstrate the srpo
rhtrily of Urn macadam road. Consid
erable attention has been given to th"
construction of steel-track wac,o;i
road -decidedly tlte most novel typo
of highway yet Introduced in any coun
try. The steel road might bo com
pared to a street car track of nuditiod
design, and the plan for its utilization
was doubtless suggested by the well
known tendency of teamsters to make
use of urban and iuter-urban trolley
and cable linos on highways where lo
comotion would otherwise be difficult
The steel-track wagon road consists
of two parallel linos of stool plates or
rails each eight inches in width and
not supported on wooden cross-ties,
bu simply made solid in the road by
flanges projecting into the concrete
or ine roauuou. ino rails are accur
ately spaced so as to receive tho wheels
of all vehicles of standard gunge with
out regard to width of tire, and each
plate or rail is lit ted with a flange on
tho inner side to prevent wheels from
easily leaving the tracks. Unique
roads of this type have boon construct
ed in half a dozen different States,
and in some instances the records
made upon them have hern little short
of marvelous. In one instance a load
of eleven tons which required twenty
horses for its movement over an ordi
nary road was readily drawn along tho
steel track by a single horse. This
load was twenty-two times the weight
of the animal, but at Ames, Iowa, re
cently a horse started and moved on
a steel-track highway a load fifty times
the weight of the animal. It may bo
noted that the cost of tho steel-track
roads has ranged from $1300 to $3,100
a mile, according to the original con
dition of the roadbed.
The extension of the good roads
movement has resulted in a correspond
ing development of the engineering
operations involved and of tho machin
ery employed. Possibly tho most in
teresting of all the forms of special
apparatus which have been introduced
for this work is the -elevating grader
which is utilized in reducing cuts sev
eral feet in depth. This machine ele
vates earth and drops it into wagons
alongside, loading a wagon in twenty
seconds. On an average such a ma
chine will load into wagons in one day
of ton working hours from 700 to S00
yards of earth.
The elevating grader is very heavy,
and about twelve horses are required
for its movement, some of the animals
pulling and others pushing. The op
orating force consists of throe drivers
and two machine operators, one of the
latter looking after the plow and th
other giving attention to (he elevating
conveyor. The plow o this machine
makes a cut twelve Inches square
After a grade has born reduced a ma
j chine of this type may be employed if
C11ADEH AT WOI.K.
d. sired to t b-vaie dirt to the centre f
the road, from whence it Is di-t;b-utcd
by graders of iho ordinary typo.
Scientific A IMC! iciiM.
TH!u FAN.AMZRXAN CCNCRES?.
WutiM tt. Aiii'lfiit Hi' t of .ll III
I'liiiiitrlri of Amrrlcn.
President Dia:'., of Mexico, has used
bis lniiueiice toward promoting the
friendliness of ail the nations of Amer-
THE OIT'ICIAL RESIDENCE OF
lea. Representatives of the republics
have been enjoying the liosnllalltv of
Mexico in the City of Mexico, whore
they have been holding a l'an-Ameri-
:ii Congress for the purpose of unit
ing their countries by common ties and
interests and of preserving the peace
of the American continent. Among the
resolutions which have been adopted
by the Congress is one looking to the
preservation of archaeological monu
ments la the countries of America.
The resolution proposed the appoint
ment of an international commission,
and continues: "It is the intention of
the conference, in providing for the
creation of this commission, that its
labors thall result hi the establishment
at i;ome place, to bo designated by the
majority of the republics approving
this recommendation, of an Interna
tional American museum, which shall
bo made the centre for works of In
vestigation and interpretation and the
receptacle for tho materials gathered
together by the said commission, and
that committees shall bo likewise ap
pointed by the i?aid commission to pre
serve tho ruins of tho principal ancient
cities existing within the American re
publics and establish in each republic
a museum of objects collected in such
cities, and so far as practicable to pro
vide conveniences for tho visiting pub
lic." A I-'lea Circus.
A circus, in which all the perform
ers are fleas, is amusing the patrons of
the rnnopticuni at Berlin, this season.
Tho arena of the circus is about the
size of an ordinary dining-room table,
and Professor Karutsch, the director,
THE FLEA CIRCUS, BEKLIX.
provides each one in his audience with
a large microscope for a consideration.
To the spectators it seems as if the lit
tie animals understand the oral in
structions of the director, for they obey
with astounding docility. They draw
little Avagons and coaches, turn merry-
go-rounds, engage in shara battles and
wind up by dancing a costumed ballet.
Even the circus clown, who cxcitc3
boisterous laughter by clumsily imi
tating the effete tricks of his comrades,
is not missing.
Fleas are the beasts of prey of the
insoet world, malicious, carnivorous
demons who are always thirsting for
blood. Ilorr Karutsch allows his pets
to food on his naked arm to their
stomachs' content, not forgetting, of
course, to have an antiseptic applica
tion on hand at each meal.
A Vllslitlns Slon.
The canny Scot, as wo all know, says
the World Wide Magazine, is found all
over the world, but it comes to one as
somewhat of a surprise to find a genu
ine old Scotch "plighting stone" in i
nusoum 111 Toronto, Canada. It Dears
the inscription: "1'lighting Stano o
Lairg, Sulherlandshiro, Scotland," and
TORONTO TLIGHTIXG STOXE.
was presented by a Scotch gentleman
resident in Ontario. Troths plighted
aud promises made by grasping hands
thrcugh tho stone seen in our photo
were inviolate in matters of love, busi
ness and nil social relations. The cus
tom was kept up until quite recently,
and was probably cf Druidlcal origin.
The sun is traveling at forty miles a
second, about -10,000 toss a3 fast as
an express train.
II ill !('(!. ii nil Ini; A e.ii u 1 r. .
The aj.paratas shown in the asvs
panying drawing is not an InsirmM
T llirlll"!. l.Mt I' It'll. ! Illl 1 I ,1 il i ! I .
remove the cause of ma. h sun'ci::
It is the bneiiiii it of William II. .1 i!
way, :ind Is di dgned for ihe ea.y Im a
t loll of bull"ts in- other fi.re',','1 H:b
litanccs lodged in tin' ai'alo ny. It
lu'oviilcs a s'mp'e means whereby th'
surgeon may readily localo the position
1'IIESI HUNT DIAZ, OK MEXICO.
and depth beneath the surface of the
bullet, so that tiie necessary incision
for removing It can bo made with ac
curacy and without undue mutilation
of the surrounding flesh. In ccnncc
tion with the apparatus an X-ray mn
chino is used, but the photographic
plates, hitherto so necessary, are re
placed by this new indicating device.
Tho Illustration shows the two paths
of the X-rays through the limb in
vhioh the bul'et Is located, the two
lines being at nearly right an "dos and
crossing the bullet and each other at
FOR USE WITH AN" I EAT MACHINE.
the same point. While the surgeon is
looking at the bullet he adjusts two
points of tho indicator into the same
plane as the line of vision, treating tho
opposite points after the same manner.
Then the central indicating screw is
lowered to the flesh, standing directly
over the foreign substance located in
side. Organized to Check Abuieg.
Vn organization In England is known
as "Scapa," the word being made up
of the initial letters of the words
Society for Cheeking Abuses of Public
Advertising." The members of the
issociation are opposed to the placing
of glaring business announcements on
picturesque rocks, along rustic road
ways, on 'buses and on huge billboards.
They declare that the newspaper is
he proper place for advertisements,
since the latter are intended to convey
information of a news character.
Moreover, they say, better results ca'j
be achieved by newspaper advertise-.
ments than by objectionable signs and j
ISritUH ClockhouRcs. I
Similar blockhouses to this are being i
raised in long liuos throughout the ;
Transvaal and Orange Itiver Colony, !
on Lord '.Kitchener's cordon system,'!
t distances of 1000 yards, and with
1 'i & s'??Sfi Wf.
easy moans o communication. ThC4
have proved exceedingly effective il,"
hemming in many of the minor com
mandos, whose attacks without artil
lery on their massive walls have often
ended in discomiiture.
T'.m r.lnck Handkerchief in the Navy.
The black handkerchief which the
sailor of the English navy knots arcund
his throat was first worn as mourn
ing by Nelson, and has ever since
been retained; while the bright stripes
around the broad blue collar of the
sailor's juniper commemorate the vic
tories of Trafalgar. Copenhagen and
the Nile. The broad blue collar Itself
is older than Nelson, and was first
adopted at that period when sailors
plastered their hair into a stiff pigtail
with grease and powder.
To Have Pure IValer.
To prevent water" from uecoming im
pure in passing through lead pipe a
tin lining is placed Inside, the space
between the tin and lead b;ing fill; t
Yii, it"!' &-',-r ii? t MB
Tin: fiM;;:,?.; 'ro:!.'.v.
How wri;o (;,,, ,,f (u,!:;y7
A!:;s! .ml !.;,1 :i!in;
Tl : i e co,. i, !,; f,,r (,,, J,,,:, (. n
A 1 ,w n.j,g r r the ra
No rest for ail f?te v; ary
No Kentp., Lit,,) )( lief;
An od to pay the ..al man,
A ballad lor the be f!
Atlanta t'onst.lt ution.
AcetTililig to reefl.t fitatlstlcH be
tween lit.uoo and r.ii.niH) jiiia.i aomiaily
through the i-rlnons of JCi'S'Iand and
Wales. Of this number it is said that
k v( nty two per cent have licca J lev
"I was rn sorry to hvar yon bad !o: t
your little mo, Mrs, l'.avgers m. I can
sympathize with you de-ply."
"Yes, it was awful bard, after we'd
bora to nil the trouble of Rettln' her
throui;h tn vv a;.l-s and mumps and
whoopin' ccu.-li." Chlcaro Uecord
HcraU. An Anjtln-Aiucrlrnn AlH:nc.
It has been suc.vst'M that too 01. ly su
fi'Ssfcl pi.t!) to nvul'1 uny further wars will
fo t!n formation of an (Uli uioe iw,.,'ii
America ami Kngi.uc!, 11 mi ninny t.eopl-i be
Ik'vt; tlu-.c tho day is nut far iihta.'it when
interiwilional diliVn iki s will be j oiieefully
settli'd. This lif.vs will ho us joyfully ro
ei ived by everybody as the news that IIos
tettrr's Sitomii'-h Hitters jk sitivcly cures in
digestion, dyspe .-.ia, ooi-itb atioa, nervous
ness r.zd malaria. Don't faii'to give it atrial.
The nutlior of "An Klejy in n Country
Churchyard" esteemed it the acme of hap
piness to liu 011 a sofa ami read novclis.
Tyner's llyspop.-d.. it Miiedy Cures Irregu
lar Heart A-ltou. At Druggists, 50 cents.
The worst thins about life iasurauce is
that we never live to enjoy it.
"Is Worth Iti Weight In OoM,"
"Had Eczema for threi; years; tried thron
doctors r.nd every advertised remedy, without
effect, till I tried Tetterinc. Half a bo of Tet
terine removed nil signs of the disease." C.
II. Adams, Columbia, S. C. COc. a box by
mail from J. T. Shuptrino, (Savannah, Ga., if
your druggist don't keep it.
, , , .I.MI- , I '
All rivers of Africa have a marked pecu
liarity. They seek the ocean farthest
(rom their source.
Froo Delivery of ;arrtii. F!-H a"d Flower
Smi1s: fronh, cuim trend a-xl espocially nil-ip'.
p tuellm it, lit bittom pllcm. (J ilnlouo ftt-o.
Orders .$1 or over dilivivd frfe In U i., A'.n or
Fla. Ir, pavs farmer-to wienre t'i bout. Aconts
wanted. Paul To! ami A Co.. I.aitlo Hill, i
The industrious burglar is generally
doing something, evtn it' it's only time.
im mmt oelmo
A Chicago Society Lady, in a
Letter to Mrs. Pinkham says :
"Dear Mrs. Pinhuam: Of all the
grateful daughters to whom you have
given health and life, none are more
glad than I.
" My home and rny life was happy
MISS BONNIE DELANO.
until illness came upon rae three years
ago. I first noticed it by being irreg
ular and having very painful and
scanty menstruation; gradually my
general health failed ; I could not en
joy my meals ; I became languid and
nervous, with griping pains frequently
in the groins.
" I advised with our family phys
ician who prescribed without any im-
rovement. One day he said. ' Try
jjdia I'inlcham's Ilemcdles. I
did, thank God ; the next month I was
better, and it gradually built me up
until in four months I was cured. This
is nearly a year ago and I have not
had a pain or ache since." Boxkib
Delano, 3243 Indiana Ave., Chicago,
111. $5000 forfeit If about testimonial Is not
Trusl worth v proof is abundant that
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound saves thousands of
young women from dangers rebulting
from organic irregularity, suppression
or retention of the menses, ovarian cr
womb troubles. Tb'ns '.
if 150 Kinds for 16c.
It Is a fact tnm saizr b yppiMnmB una uower .
gwrts ur iimml m more came na ..,5 f
ami on more tuiius tlinn any mlinr ., a
In Amem-a. 1 Ik-it ih reaw.ii lur Oil.
We own ami oiMTai' over aw am-giur
c. In v
llHCC- If i
the iiroilnclioiiof our chon-e w-i!
ora'T to imiu' r, yon ium
we nmke 11. fullowuig uiiihcc-
For 1 G Cents Post pa
ll kind nt mn-mt latrlnon r.IUl.iii
I'i aiaicnllltrnt earllrt Mrlons,
Id lurl. tclt.rit.us tomftl..
Id inlpmllKl bpvt orl.
Ci yursfuuslj braulllul Sowrr ftreds.
In nil ISO kinds positively ftiroi!:nff
l'Uli..'U vi irliannmn IH-weiii nial
!ra una lot of ilrm-e vevrrtrU.Uo.,
tHr'tii.r viili onr i;mit i-utuo wue
t.-Uuii.' nil ixlKiut Tiiiit umil ia
)at and Hromusnnil Si.-a2. cniun
6-vt at ov. ii iK'nna, t-tf.. all only
Ux 1 0j. in stamps. rite tonay,
OKU A. SALZER SE0 CO..
La Crosse, Vt'is.
i ,1 i
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