Newspaper Page Text
INDIAN SCHOOLS FAIL
STARTLING CONCLUSION REACHED
DY COMMISSIONER JONES.
About i i,(i(io,(imi S.,a on nt.mm v-
itl 1 I'unalHlril riiim li.vi-ily lo Afllu.
trurtt Hihl I'.m k AkmIii lo l ovnly, hii.I
Mom of II, ,hi I..a lino liniltHiUm.
The print nt pystcni of education for
Ihf Indian, taken as a who!-. says
Commissioner of Indian Affairs Joncn,
is practically a failure or ut least is
not calculated to produce, the results
l; 'a'"'" s-tly claimed for It nnd ko hope
fully iint.ii Ipated when it was begun.
He has no doubt his conclusion will lie
received" with Homo Hiirprlse, but a
brief review of i emits, ho thinks, will
convince tlio moist skeptical that it Is
"Tlxr.. are now in operation," he
t;nys, "113 hoarding schools for the In
dian:! with an average attendance of
ninif thin,.. 0Vl.r ,; (,(,() prnH( ranging
fioui f to 21 years of age. These
pupils were gathered from the cabin,
Uh wickiup and the tepee. They were
1,,H n J1('t on account of any particu
lar mi rit of their own, not by reason
of mental fitness, hut rololy because
tx,ey had Indian blood in their veins.
"The Indian youth finds himself at
once, as if by magic, translated from
a state of poverty to one of air.ucnce.
He Is well fed and clothed and lodged.
Hooks and all the accessories of learn
ing are given him and teachers pro
vided t-o instruct him. Matrons wait
on him while he is well, and physi
cians and nurses, attend him when he
la fdek. A steam laundry does his
washing, and the latest modem appli
ances dj his cooking. A library af
fords hirn relaxation for his leisure
hours, athletic sports and the gym
nasium furnish him exercise and recre-
ation, while music entertains him in
the evening. Ho has hot and cold baths
and steam heat and electric light, and
all the modern conveniences. AH of
the necessities of life are given him
and many of the luxuries. All of this
without money and without price or
tne contribution of a single effort of
Lis own or of his people.
"Here he remains until his education
is finished, when he Is returned to his
home which by contrast must seem
squalid indeed and left to make his
vay against the ignorance and bigotry
of his tribe. Is it any wonder he fails?
Is it surprising if he lapses into bar
barism? Not having earned his edu
cation, it is not appreciated; having
made no sacrifice to obtain it, it is not
valued. It is looked upon as a right
and not as a privilege; it is accepted
as a favor to the government and not
to the recipient; and the almost inevit
able tendency is to encourage depen
dence, foster pride and create- a spirit
of arrogance and selfishness.
"It Is not denied that some good
flows from this system. It would be
singular if there did not, after all the
fffort that has been maae and the
'money that has been lavished. In the
last 20 years fully $45,000,000 have been
spent by the government alone for the
education of Indian pupils, and it is a
liberal estimate to put the number of
those 0 educated at not over 20,000.
If the present rate is continued for
another 20 years it will take over $70,
"What, then, shall be done? And
this inquiry brings into prominence at
once the whole Indian question. It
may be well first to take a glance at
what has been done. For about a gen
eration the government has been tak
ing a very active interest in the wel
fare of the Indian. In that time he
has been located on reservations and
fed and clothed; he has been supplied
lavishly with utensils and means to
earn his living, with materials for his
dwelling and articles to furnish it; his
children have been educated and money
has been paid him; farmers and mo
;nanlcs have been supplied him, and
lie has received aid in a multitude of
different ways. In the last 33 years
over $240,000,000 have been spent upon
an Indian population not exceeding
1S0.000, enough, if equitably diyided,
to build each one a house suitable to
his condition and furnish it through
out; to fence his land and build him a
barn; to buy him a wagon and team
and harness; to furnish him plows and
the other implements necessary to cultivate-
the ground, and to give him
something besides to embellish and
heautify his home.
"What is his condition today? He
is still on his reservation; he is still
being fed; his children are still being
educated and money is still being paid
liim; he is still dependent upon the
government for.: existence; mechanics
wait on him and farmers still aid him;
he is little, if any, nearer the goal of
. independence than he was 30 years ago,
and if the present policy is continued
he will get little, if any, nearer in 30
years to come. It is not denied that
under this, as under the school sys
tem, there ha3 been some progress,
hut it has not been commensurate with
the money spent and the effort made.
"It is time to make a move toward
terminating the guardianship which
has so long been exercised over the In
dians and putting them upon an equal
footing with the white men so far as
their relations with the government
are concerned. Under the present sys
tem the Indian ward never attains his
lnnjuilty. The piardian: hip ejus crx
In an unbroken line from father to Hon,
Mid generation nft'f wncratiou the In
dian live. and dies a ward.
"It Is the fumtlon of the Mate to r.eo
tnat the Indian has the opportunity for
Hclf-support, nnd that lie in afforded the
Katne protection of bis pcjHon and
property as Is Riven to ot.iers. That
bilng done, he should bo thrown en
tirely on his own resources to become
a useful member of the community In
which he lives, or not, according as he
exerts himself or falls to make an ef
fort. He fchould be located where the
conditions are such that b"y the ex
ercise of ordinary Industry and pru
dence he can support himself and fam
ily, -lie must be made to realize that
in the sweat of his face he Khali eat
his bread. He must be brought to.
recognize the dignity of labor and the
importance of building and maintain
ing a home. He must understand that
the more useful he Is there, the more
useful he will be to society. It is there
he must find the incentive to work, and
from it must come the uplifting of his
SEARCHING FOR WATER.
Iterent I)N ovi-i Mmle by tlin I'liileri
Stale, (at'otoglra! Survey,
The steady increase in the use of
irrigation in parls of the west, and the
success which has attended its prac
tice, has naturally led to a close in
Fpectlon of largo tracts of land which
are now desert wastes, in the hope
that they may also be brought under
cultivation. Many thousands of acres
of desert land in the arid sections are
remarkably fertile and capable of fur
nishing homes for largs populations
which may become centres of thriving
Industries if only water, their great
need and absolute necessity, can be
procured. The small annual rainfall
and the still more serious lack of rain
during the critical crop growing
months, have kept these lands as poor
pastures or even barren deserts. For
tunately the arid sections are seamed
by numerous lofty, forest clad and
often snow capped mountain ranges
from which flow the purest streams.
Thus the streams and rivers, and the
underground or artesian well waters
whore they exist, have become the
pivotal factors on which rest uie agri
cultural development of immense sec
tions of the west; their waters must
be brought to the land before it can
m view of these facts the investi
gations of two parties, among others,
of the United States geological sur
vey, which were engaged in studying
Uie water resources of the northwest,
will be of interest. Professor Israel
C. Russell who has been working on
the great lava covered section of
southern Idaho, reports the discovery
of an artesian basin over a hundred
miles in length, whose western limit,
though undermined, lies in tne vicinity
of Nampa and Caldwell, near the Ore
gon border. The land which can be
supplied with water from this basin
lies along the Snaxe river and in Bru
neau valley, a tributary to the Snake
on the south.
Several flowing wells exist in this
locality already and there are indica
tions of artesian water also near Sho
shone. In connection with his investi
gations Professor Russell collected a
large amount of information relative
to the agricultural and timber re
sources of the region which are con
siderable. The other party, under Mr. F. H.
Newell, the chief of the division of
hydrography of the geological survey.
made an extended reconnoisance of
northern Oregon with reference to the ,
water supply of that section. They j
penetrated into the wilderness of cen-
tral Oregon along and to the head of i
the Deschutes fiver and turning to the !
eastward skirted the northern portion
of the great Harney and Malheur des
erts, into which the mountain ranges
to the north send many streams. The
party was much impressed by the op
portunities of development in central
and eastern Oregon.
Valuable Food Product.
Fish powder is the very latest adli
tion to the list of foods, and it is said
by physicians to be the best and most
nutritive food product in condensed
form that has been discovered. It can
be made in the home, with very little
trouble and expense. Any kind of
fresh fish will do. First steam them
in their own moisture, then, after cool
ing and drying the mass obtained, ex
pose it to the air for a short time.
The next step is to shred the fish
and then treat it to a bath of alcohol
and citric acid, that all fat, glue and
mineral matter be removed. After
drying, it must again be boiled, dried
and ground. The result is a kind of
meal or flour, which can be utilized
in a great variety of ways, as, for in
stance, mixing in soups, frying oys
ters and making omelets. The flour
has neither taste 'nor smell, and it
will keep indefinitely.
Might I'e tlio Kxplnuatlon.
"She's such a matter-of-fact, business-like
young woman that I'm sur
prised she married him. lie's not
"No; hut he's very old, and he car
ries a big life insurance." Chicago
DR.TAU1 AGE'S SERflON
The Ilmlnent Diviner 5unday
Subjt-rti Gort Io thft IinpomtllilA Pmna
M on.lri i of Divine roworSuprrlor to
l.erj Law of Niitur Which II Hal
Mails I'or Mankind.
Wakhimjto.v, I). C. In this discourse
Dr. Talinngi; make pr.ietieil use of uu or
eurrcnee m the Orient which has seldom
attracted particular attention; text, 11
Kings vi, C, "The iron did swim."
A theological seminary in thu valley ti
palms near the Kivcr Jordan, had become
no popular in the time of Elisha, the pro
phet, that nioro accommodations were
needed for the. students. The classroom
and the dormitories munt be enlarged or
an entirely new building constructed..
What will they do? Will tliev mid up to
Jerusalem and s.dieit contributions for
this undertaking? Will they send out
n gent 8 to raise the money for a now theo
logical seminary? Having raised the
money, will they pond for cedars of Leb
anon and marble from the quarries where
Ahab got the stone for the pillars nnd
walls of his palarc? No; the students
propose to build it themselves. They
were rugged boys, who had been brought
up in the country and who hid never
been weakened by the luxuries of city lif?.
All they a.sk is that Elisha, their professor
ond prophet, go along with them to the
woods nnd boss the job. They start for
the work, Elisha and his students. Plenty
of lumber in tho.e regions along the Jor
dan. The sycamore is a itout, (strung
tree and good for timber. Mr. Gladstone
asked me if I had seen in Palestine any
sycamore tree more beautiful than the one
we stood under at Hawarden. I told hira
I had not.
The sycamores rear the Jordan are
no.v attacked by Elisha's students, for
they must have lumber for the new theo
logical seminary. I suppose some of the
students made an awkward stroke, anil
they were extemporized axemen. itand
from under! Crash goes one of the tree3
and nnotlier and another. Hut something
now happens so wonderful that the occur
rence will tax the credulity of the ages, so
wonderful that many still think it never
happened at all. One of the students, not
able to owu an axe, had borrowed one.
You must renlember that while the sxc of
olden time was much like our modern axe,
it differed in the fact that instead of the
helve or handle being thrust into a socket
in the iron head the head of the axe was
fastened on the handle by a leathern
thong, and so it might slip the helve. A
student of the seminary was swinging his
axe against one of those trees, and whether
it was at the moment he made his first
stroke and the chips flew or was after he
had cut the tree from all sides so deen
that it was ready to fall we are not told,
but the axe head and the handle parted.
Being near the riverside, the axe head
dropped into river and sank to- the muddy
bottom. (Jreat was the student's dismay.
If it had been his own axe, it would have
been bad enough, but the axe did not be
long to him. lie had no means to buy an
other for the kind man who had lorncd it
to him, but God helps through some good
and sympathetic soul, and in this case it
was Elisha who was in the woods and on
the river bank at the time. He did not
see the axe head fly off. and so he asked
the student where it dropped. He" was
nhown the place where it went down into
the river. Then Elisha broke off a branch
of a tree and threw it into the water, and
the axe head rose from the depths of the
river and floated to the bank, so that tho
ctudent had just to stoop down and take
up the restored property. Now you see
the meaning of my text, The iron did
Suppose a hundred years ago some one
had told people the time would come when
hundreds of thousands of tons of iron
would float on the Atlantic and Pacific-
iron ships from New York to Southamp
ton, from London to Calcutta, from San
Francisco to Canton. The man rnakinc
6uch a prophecy would have been sent to
an asylum or carefully watched as incom
petent to go alone. We have all in our
day seen iron ewim. Now, if man can
make hundreds of tons of metal float, L
am disposed to think that the Almighty
could iake an axe head float.
"What," says some one, "would he the
use of such a miracle?" Of vast, f infi
nite, of eternal importa-nce. Those stu
dents were preparing for the ministry.
They had joined the theological seminary
to get all its advantages. They needed to
have their faith strengthened; they needed
ia be persuaded that God can do every
thing; they reeded to learn that God
takes notice of little things: that there is
no emergency of life where lie is not will
ing to help.
Standing on the banks of that Jordan,
those students of that day of the recalled
axe head had their faith re-enforced, and
nothing that they found out in the class- J
rooms of that learned institution had ever
done more in the way of fitting them for
their coming profession.
I hear from different sources tlmt there
is a great deal of infidelity in some of the
theological sejninaries of our day. They
think that the Garden of Eden is an alle
gory, and that Moses did not write the
Pentateuch, and that the book of Job is
only a drama, and that the book of Jonah
is an unreliable fish story, and that water
was not turned into wine, although the
bartender now by large dilution turnsi,
wine into water, and that most of the so
called miracles of the Old and the New
Testaments were wrought by natural
causes. When those infidels graduate
from the theological seminary and take;
the pulpits of America as expounders o!:
the Holy Scriptures, what advocates they
will be of that gospel for the truth of
which the martyrs died.
Hail the Poly carps and Hugh Latimer:!
and John Knoxes of the twentieth cen
tury, believing the Bible is true in spots!
Would to God that some great revival of
religion might sweep through all the theo
logical seminaries of this land, confirmin,'
the faith of the coming expounders of an
Furthermore, in that scene of the text
God sanctions borrowing and sets forth
the importance of returning. I do not
think there would have been any miracle
performed if the young man had owned
the axe that slipped the helve. The young
man cried out in the hearing of the pro
phet, "Alas, m.wter, for it was borrowed!"
Ire had a right to borrow. There are
times when we have not only a right to
borrow, but it is a duty to borrow. There
are times when we ought to lend, for Christ
in His sermon on the mount declared,
"From him that would borrow of thee turn
not thou away."
It is right that one borrow the means
of getting an education, as the young stu
dent of my text borrowed the axe. It ia
right to borrow means for the forwarding
of commercial ends. Most of the vast for-
turn that i.t.v ov trt.fi i T.v t',y t.inj cr I
liiit 'hcil nut 4 I ltiied il'!;tr, !
Iho-e Ktu'.G-r ut tiiif valkr rf pahm.
by the J..r.l.u II I I I hyu.-.il (.vr.ri-t li
Bod lin I ' . h 1 i i.l Shut would he'p them 111
their liieni.il an.SI (pilltual arlitcviMiitrita
We who me toibiif for t'i; worM' helirr
Tnent i; 'c brawn is well as Lru a, pi iuiiji
bodies as well a.i iH.'iniued munis f.xl cine
(tecratd souls. Many of tlnwe wbo r
now doing the bent work in ehureh am!
state jrot mum'! and power of end.iicinr
from the fact that m .uiy hiu they whk
compelled to u-.e axe er plow or ilail 01
hammer, while many who were brought
up in the luxuries of hie give out betor
the battle is von. Thoy are keen and
sharp of mind, but have 110 physiral eii
durance. 'J hey have the axe head, but nc
handle. The body is the handln of th
I)o not feel lonely because' your nearest
neighbor may be miles away, beeati'.e tin
width of tlin continent may separata you
from the place where your cradle wag'
forked and your father's grave was dug.
Weakened though you may be by lion's
roar or panther's scream. Cod will help
you, whether at the time the forest around
yon raves in the midnight hurricane or you
suffer from something rpiite insignificant,,
bkf the loss of an axo head. Take your
Bible mit under the trees, if the weather
will permit, and after you have listened to'
the solo of a bird in the tree tons or the
long meter psalm of the thunder, read
those words of the Bible, which must have
been written out of doors: "The trees of
th Lord are full of sap, the cedars of
Lebanon which He hath planted, where
the birds make their nests; as for the
stork, the fir trees ore her house. The high
hiJlfl are a refuge for the wild goats and
the rcks for the conies. Thou makest'
darkness, and it is night, wherein ail the
beasts of the forest do creep forth. The
young lions roar after their prey and seek
their meat from God. The sun ariseth,.
they gather themselves together and lay
them down in their dens. Man goetfr
forth unto his work and to his labor intil
the evening. O Lord, how manifold are
Thy works! In wisdom hast Thon made
all. The earth is full of Thy riches." How
do vou like that sublime pastoral?
My subject also reminds ns of the im
portance of keeping our chief implement
for woik in good order. I think that youn
theological student on the banks of Jor
dan wrif to blame for rot examining the
axe before he lifted it that day against a
tree, lie could in a moment have found
out whether the helve and the head were
firmly fastened. The simple fact was that
the axe was not in rood order or the
strongest stroke that sent the edge into
the hard' sycamore would not have left
the implement headless. So God has given
every one of us an axe with which to hew.
Let ua keep it in good order, having
been sharpened by Bible study and
strengthened by prayer. The reason we
sometimes fail in our work is because we
have a dull axe or we do rot know how
aright to swing it. The head is not aright
on the handle. At the time we want the
most skill for work and perfect equili
brium we lose our head. We expend in
useless excitement the nervous energy that
we orrglic tn have employed In direct,
Your axe may be a pen or a type or a
yardstick or a scales or a tongue which in
legislative hall or business circles or Sab
bath' class or pulpit is to speak for God
and righteousness, but the axe will not
be worth much until it ha been sharp
ened on the grindstone of affliction.
Go' right through the world and ga
right through all the past ages, and show
me one man or woman who has done any
thing for the world worth speaking of
whose axe was not ground on the revolv
ing wheel of mighty trouble. It was not
David, for he was dethroned and hounded
by unfilial Absalom. Surely it was not
Paul, for he was shipwrecked and whipped
with thirty-nine strines from rods of elm
woo 1 on his way to beheadment.
Surely it was not Abraham Lincoln,
called? by every vile name that human
and satanic tnrpitude could invent and de
picted by cartoonists with more meanness
than any other man ever suffered, on the
But I have- come to the foot of the-Abu.
which we must climb before we can see posted on. affairs at home and abroad?'
the wide reach of my subject. See in all You will, answer the question affirma
this theme how the impossibilities may I tiw,w u -j; ,,,, j
be turned into possibilities. That axe t,vey b ""ding, us your name, and;
head was sunken in the muddiest river j cubscription for this paper for. a.yearv
tnat could be found. The alarmed student
of Elisha may know where it went down
and may dive for it and perhaps fetch it
up, but can the sunken axe head be lifted
without a. hand thrust deep into the mud
at the bottom of the river? No;-that isi
impossible. I admit, so far as human pow
er is concerned, it is impossible,, but with:
God all things are possible. After the
tree branch was thrown upon the. surface
of Jordan "the iron did swim."
Some oae asks me, "Did you ever sw
iron swim?" Yes, yes; many & time.. I
saw a soul hardened until nothing could
make it harder. All styles ofsin had
plied that soul. It was petrified' as to all
fins' feeling. It had been hardening fur
thirty years. It had gone into, the deep
est depths. It had been given-up as lost.
The father had given it up.. Thu-mother, j
the last to do so, had givem it up. But j
one day in answer to some prayer a branch j
of the disfoliaged tree of. Calvary- was i
thrown into the dark and sullen stream, 1
and the sunken soul responded to. its pow
er and rose into the light, and,, to. the as- !
tonishment of the church and the world, I
the iron did swim. 1 have- seen, liun-
clreds of cases like that. When the- uying
bandit on the cross beside Christ was con- of the country's lingering, wild uui
verted. When Jerry JdcAuley,. & ruffian ma Is.
graduate of Sing Sing prison,, was change 1
into a great evangelist, so- useful in reela- I
mation of wandering men and women that 1
the merchant princes of Newr York estab
lished for him the Water street nnd Cre
morne missions and mourned at his burial,
amid the lamentations of, a city. When
Xcwton, the blaspheming sailor, under the
power of the truth was brought to Christ,
and became one of the luigbuest preacher
of the gospel that England ever saw
When Jolin liunyan, whose curs
shocked evei the profane of the fish mar
ket, was so changed in, heart and life that
lie could write that wonderful dream, "The
Pilgrim's Progress," in such a way that un
counted thousands liave found through it
the road from the "citv of destruction'' to
the "celestial city." In all those cases !
think iron was made to swim. I worship
the God wdio can do the impossible.
.You have a wayward boy. Only Ood
knows how you have cried over him. You
have tried everything for his reformation.
Where u he now in this city, in this
country, or has he crossed the sea? "Oh'
you say, "I do not know where he is. He
went away in the sulks and did not say
where he was going." Yon. have about
made up your mind that yon will never
hear from'him again. Pretty hard pay he
gives you for all your kindness and the
nighty vou at up with him when ho was
sick, Tcrhaps he struck, you one diy whea
' r,"n t C't re
I .' tu I.N 1 It
liirl li-t (ijas'Ht. oii a-..
h'tiiil m rifim-v t-i'.iiii.
father! Mother! 'I I ."it is nn in p" - '
I hut I Uo'.iM l,ke to f tl.ul t (!,' iiwM of,
the coiiver on ef tlin' boy, fo I. if will
iiewr he anything bst n boy to J'mi,
Iboiij'.h Vo'.i h'iM In a to n-i l:n iiit v
year of ne. I M l you uy hi I nrt 14
iiard? How Inid? 1 1 ir 1 .11 stme
you ray, "harder tlmn ',t-it. ll.f.l a
iron." But brio is a Ctvi who c.i.v
the soul that has bin) i!erp"-t down.
Here is a God who enn raNe a soul 'o.it
of the b'lW'Kext del'tlii of HI,!' And writ .'b-
rdness. I!rn in a God who isfi make v-ui.
mvim, the (iod of Elisha, tin' God of ilie
young student that stood in d'inay 011 tl; e
bank of tli" Jordan nt the timrof the lu'.t
ax head. Iviy hold of I he Loi t m a play
er that will take no detiinl.
Alas, there an; impo.viiMcs I. .'fore thou
ennds of people called to (h, w ork that it
i- impossible for them to do, called to bear
burdens that it is impossiole fui" them to
ber, called to endure suffering that it is'
inipo-Mible for them to endure. f!ead nil
the gospel promises, rally all your faith,
anif. while you will always be e,lled t
wordiip the God of hope, to-day, with nil
the conecnti red energies of my noul 1 im- '
plore you to bow down nnd worship the
Goif who can turn the impossibles into
the possibles. It was no trivial pl.rpose,
but for prand ami glorious uses l'have
spoken to you to day of the borrowed', tlio
lout aad the restored axe head.
CCiryrilit. Vn L. Klop-ch.
In- China the year begins in Fc-lVu-ary..
A e-ru.s.Tdc against ailulleratcd mill;
has boon started in Paris, France.
A half million of Eastern capital is
,to b: invested in Oregon timber lands.
Siueo last September the savin?;
deposits of Michigan have incieaiied ,
The rooplc'u Parly in Idaho has
voted not to disband in favor of IL12
Workmen have unearthed .?3100 in .
$20 gold, pieces in a coal shed at Jcf
Pittsburg is now building much of
the machinery which is to elcchify
ijoiiuou uatn lines.
ElTorls are being made to form a
consolidation of Illinois and Indiana
bituminous eoaf companies with a
capital, of $100,000,000.
Legislative action will be sought by
citizens of Beaver Falls, Peun., to
Kiippress the practice, common among
the women of the place, of playing
cards for. prizes.
The French cruisers, built ten years
ago at. Bordeaux, having proved ut
terly unseaworthy, the naval author
ities have now decided to repair and
The Legislature of Kentucky is con
sidering, preliminary legislation look
ing to. the erection of a new State
Capitol, at Frankfort at an estimated
cost of. $.1,000,000.
An-Ohio town, Bucyrus, having is
sued $50,000. of bonds to buy a fac
tory, and then meeting a check in .the
form of. an. injunction sued out by
local parties in interest, has confessed
bankruptcy and applied for a receiver.
Phosphate rock mined in South
Carolina, in I'JOl amounted to S2,(i5(i
tons,, ns compared with 119,1208 tons
in 1900.. The State, however,, got
!f-'3,108 in royalties on the shipments,
a decrease of but $1823 from the..iu'o
Do you want an up-to-date, live;
newspaper one that will keep, you,
or at least six months.
Governor Odell has just, celehratea:
Lis forty-eighth birthday.
Senator Depew and Cardinal; Gihv
bous are very near the same age;.
North Dakota is unique in. that it
boasts of only one millionaire,, Colonel;
Charles A. Morton, a stock. anC wheat
Representative Littlefield,. of Maine;,
Is the fastest talker in the House.. LLc
is a. icrror to the official. stem
Andrew Carn?gie has given- away
more than $10,000,000,. and, John, D.
Rockefeller has given, away more tkaa
Ernest Soton-Thompson is gathering
recruits in his crusade to, substitute
cameras for shotguns in. the pursuit
Prince Henry of Prussia, oa his re
turn to Germauy from, ike United
States, will be depuled to represent
Emperor William at the coronation of
Captaiu Alfred T.. Mahan. TJ. S. X.
retired), known for his publications
t-n naval and military problems, has
been elected president of '.he Ameri
can Historical Association.
Senator 'Xathan Pay Scott, of West
Virginia, is the ouly man in Washing,
ton who wears a black frock coat with
a velvet collar, and the style docs uot
Beem to take with bis colleagues.
Lord Wolseley is busily engaged en
his military history, lie has uearly
completed the description of Napo
leon's campaign of 17Jti. After bis
own memoirs he will again take up
the "Life of Marlborough."
Jay Cooke has at his home at Ogontz
a number of historical relics, includ
ing a line painting of the celebrated
old Indian chief after whom the place
is named, and who many a time car
led him, when he was a boy, on bis
back in ramblin- alyyg. the shores, ot
; Lake Erl
$'"' vre iryt;u' fr-.e
Ir Ilmv ilil'n n'lit n