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. A J.:i!on,
Tli.' Isl.-m.i of Luzon has been called
Hi "Pearl of the Philip.,;!,,.," an.!,
like Culm, ii a iiinrvcl of scenic charni
"lid productiveness. The (wo Mauds
enjoy the same climate of perpetual
niinmor, their iii..uiitala ranges are
nlim.Kt exactly of the Mine average
height, nnd are clothed to their very
summits with evergreen forests
la the coast hills of Luzon the dawn
' bat 1
of (lay I heralded by the multitudinous
screams of little monkeys. Tree cats
occasionally raid the top branches ami
give the monkeys hour? reason for
screaming. The hills echo the bay of
wild dogs; wild pigs rustle about the
jungle, and jackals prowl along the
bench in quest of sea spoil. There are
three varieties of deer in the uplands,
and all sorts of embus rodents eau
he trapped in the Sierra.
Ah a consequence the cities of the
Philippines swarm Willi pets, and the
supply Is beginning to overflow Into the
zoological curiosity shops of the sea
port towns of the United States. The
Luzon contributions chiefly represent
the tribe of the macaques (pronounced
Luzon exports a mischievous rock
Imboon, and the ringed lemur, a sort
of night-monkey, with owl eyes and
a bush tail that can be made to en
circle Ids neck like a shawl. The sud
den opening of those big eyes 1ms a
He Inspected that the moment it was
brought in, nnd touched the chimney
long enough to satisfy himself that It
had better be admired from a distance.
"Mono bruxo" "ghost monkey" the
Filipinos call him. He never appears
in the daytime, and would he but Hi?
quiet in his nest In a hollow branch,
his existence would never be suspected.
P.ut curiosity Is apt to get the better
of his discretion, and if a hunter strikes
his nest tree with an axe, a black face
with a pair of still blacker eyes will
peej) down from a knothole to Inquire
the cause of the disturbance.
The hunter then marks the tree, nnd
nn hour later returns with a hag and a
forked stick. Master Torquatus lias
gone to sleep by that time, and Is
s 1 1 j 1 1 : 1 1
Itat Were nut a re:: inn
hanstible fertility. A P:
.'ma planter can work one day
and get more food from nn
ground than a hard working American
wheat farmer could possibly raise on
twenty acres; but It has be-n proved
that even lint enormous harvest could
bo doubled If It were possible to keep
bats nnd monkeys away.
As It Is, the depredations never cease,
night ( r day, and by way of getting
even, the Filipinos eag; and sell its
many of the marauders as they can
trap. In San Francisco tame kalong
bats cost about .," apiece, but In Manila
the gardeners bring them to market
In home-made cages, and nro glad to
sell a pair, cage nnd nil. for two iva!
about twenty-five cents.
Fishermen sell jars full of porcupine
fish, nnd there Is no etui of blnl dealers,
peddling winged curiosities of all sorts,
from a silk linch to a lire pheasant.
Phn For a Tund
Un-:f tb Hudson.
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A Ilntnr.tr I it:
If JOVir ll"lrs
Charles M. Jacobs, the cotiMlll
engineer of the Pennsylvania Kallroad
Company, has devised a. new system
for the con.-tntctloii of tunnels throtub
slit and other loose matcrlah naturally
ill adapted for sudi structures. In the
Sclentllle American this I said of his
"In driving tunnels through the or
dinary run of material, such as solid
rook, loose r( k, cement. gra vt I or hard
pan, it is sutlicient cither, ns in thr
ease of solid rock, to make an exca
vation larger than the gauge required
by traflle and line the excavation with
masonry or concrete, or, ns In the sys
tem so largely adopted in London tun
nels, a metallic tube may be driven
Fcratelo s. try this:
dram; va'liue, du
ply water to the .
never occur when
allowed to dry and
Without the :!pb!'. at'.o'i
d 1. M
II 1 I 'H. !e
of watt ;
A Movable Kliir.
All fanners liave frc.ptent ,
shelves about the p!aci oct of i)
Th.' Illustration shows one ..
hung on a fence and can be mocd
where. Take a plank, rather In
and of any dimension d sired,
fasten to the under sdde, it, ar the
roused when the fork gets a good hitch
In his fur and twists him out of his
A bushy-tailed and extremely wide
awake Islander is the Luzon dwarf
die, a heavy brace as shown In
drawing. If the F.helf be a long
two braces should be used. On
back side of the shelf two hooks
bolted or screwed fast. These an
slip over the top board of the ' ,
The one here shown Is made for t.
board fence, but by varying the form
of the hocks and the brace it may be
made to suit nny kind oi! fence. New
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WINGED LEMUPv-A COMPARATIVELY HARMLESS FILIPINO.
weird effect; but their owner Is a com
paratively harmless Filipino, and needs
not much persuasion to nestle in the
overcoat pocket of hia protector. If,
moreover, that pocket should happen
to bo furnished with handkerchiefs,
he will wrap himself up like a pet
gray squirrel, and express his delight
in a curious chuckle.
But at about G or 8 o'clock In the
evening, according to the season of the
year, the Lemur torquatus wakes np
and begins to explore his boarding
house; cautiously at first, then in wider
and wider leaps, taking jumps of ten or
twelve feet without ever miscalculat
ing his distance by a hairbreadth.
lie will hop on Ida master's knee,
down again, and up on nn armchair;
there he will crouch for a moment with
(From the Scientific American.)
BRIDGE TUNNEL SYSTEM TltOPOSED FOR PENNSYLVANIA ROAD.
Tunnel tube Is carried through soft bottom on piers, avoiding steep grades,
which boring through solid rock would require. Upper diagram is cross sec
tion of tube, showing interior bridge girders.
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A r.E TRESES'! ATIVE Ot THE
i ii'iiverlug bush tad, toen double up
for a spring and land on a bookshelf at
Cue cri'Osit," end of the room, or oa
Ids own cao, but never on the lamp.
fox, which Is often caught in the
Sierras and caged as we would
cage a gopher or weasel. 'Terrlto"
means literally-"doggy," and there Is
really something puppyish about the
appearance of the young hill foxes,
but their ears soon get too sharp to
leave a doubt about their affinity.
The perrito Is a true fox, although
not nearly as heavy as a Kentucky
fox-squirrel, and quite able to live on a
vegetable diet. He will eat bread, ber
rles and grapes, and the Filipinos even
get him used to boiled rice, flavored
with a few drops of oil; but the In
stincts of his species revive If he Is
turned loose in a room enlivened by I
A nursing perrita hides her whelps
as best she can, bundling them away
in the darkest corner of an old cracker
box, or even In the lee of a jack-boot.
A week after they have their eyes
open the pretty little animals will ven
ture out of their own accord, have a
leaping match after a cockroach or
grasshopper, or roll about onthe fiooi-,
pawing one another like playful kit
tens. As the days go by they become more
enterprising, and contrive to scrape a
gopher out of his . wire trap without
waiting for the assistance of their
keeper. In default of other fun, they
will tiptoe their way to the stove,
where a Newfoundland puppj' lies snor
ing on his rug. For a minute or longer
they will stand, closely watching the
young giant; then they will crouch
down and approach with a catlike
wriggle, until one of them touches
the sleeper. Upon that all will scamper
back, frightened at their own bold
The Luzon kalong bat, with his enor
mous skin wings folded, is hardly as
bis ns a half-crrown rabbit, and nor
mally weighs from a pound and a half
to a pound and three-quarters; but
breakfast, at which he gorges himself
with bananas and boiled carrots, in
creases his weight by some sixty per
cent. At noon he is ready for lunch,
but he reserves his chief effort for
These wingrd gluttons infest., the
Eastora Archine-ago from Sumatra to
Of parrots alone Luzon boasts some
twenty different species, besides a va
riety of pretty parrakeets, including
the "spike-tail," a grayish green pet
with a passion for tiest-bullding, and
ready to begin operations at short no
tice. A swarm let loose in a vacant
room, with a row of nest-boxes, will
waste one day fighting for building
lots, nnd after that they will almost
forget eating and drinking in their
eagerness to forage for material.
Ready-made nests would spoil haif
their fun, and they are never happier
than in a tussle with an old cotton
bedouilt or a little bale of hay. muck
ing out shreds of bedding, a billful at
a time, Is just what suits their idea
of a picnic, and they never stop screech
ing while daylight lasts.
They are about the most restless of
all feathered creatures, but in the mat
ter of noisiness they are far surpassed
by another feathered Filipino the
great hornbill, a creature with a head
a foot and a half long, and a voice that
has been described as something be
tween the bray of a donkey and the
screech of a locomotive.
Captive hornbills are rather subdued,
perhaps because their keepers have
learned the trick of drowning every
screech with a dash of cold water.
A Clilimipy oil SUHs.
On the road between Rowling Greeu
and Auburn, Ky., a few miles from the
latter town, is a cabin with the chim
ney built of a' novel and economic style
Heavy wooden stilts, with a platform
through the material. In case of anj
of the material named, when once the
tunnel is excavated, or the tube driven
the stability of the structure is assured
for all time, as displacement, vertical
or lateral, Is impossible.
"In driving tunnels beneath rivers j
where deep deposits of silt of varying I
consistency are encountered, it may !
happen that the silt is of such a semi- j
fluid consistency that when heavy j
traffic began to pass though the tunnel !
it would be in danger of throwing tin
tunnel out of alignment, even to the
extent of causing actual fracture of the
same. The invention of Mr. Jacobs,
while it was primarily designed tc
overcome the difficulties likely to be
encountered in building the proposed
tunnel beneath the North River is, of
course, applicable to tunneling opera
tions under other rivers or through
swampy or saturated material -whose
consistency is such as to threaten the
permanency of the tunnel.
"In the case of the North River tun
nel Mr. Jacobs determined to overcome
the objections due to looseness of the
upper strata of the river bottom by giv
ing his tubes sufficient transverse and
lateral strength to perform the full
functions of a bridge or girder, and
support the bridge tube thus formed
at stated intervals by means of piers
carried down until they reach the un
"The piers would be slung front the
tube Itself by the pneumatic process,
and they would be of nny form or con
struction that was found most suitable."
nierclse I'cr hlverp In YVlntrr.
The sheep should, like most oihr
j animals, have a certain niv.ov. f
j exercise in the winter as well &Asw
summer. Close sheds and small yards,
are among the chief causes of ail dis
eases of eheep, excepting, possibly,
those that are due to stomach worms
and the grub In the head. Fevers,
constipation, shedding of wool, dif'!
culty in lambing and lambs of we; k
constitution are more often a result
of a lack of exercise than of a lack of
food or any other cause-. Even tli?
evils of overcrowding by having',,;.
many In one flock are less when they
can have a run in the fields every day
that they can go out without getting
the fleece, wet. We used when we
kept them to take out their fodder,
and roots in the day time and seat
oa the suowr rods away from
sheep shed, that they might travel to
find it It might have- been some
trouble, but there waa not much waste
of food, and they always seemed bet
ter for the travel. This has seemed
to uj to be one of the possible diffi
culties in the way of growing fall or
early winter lambs in the Northern
States that could be only overcome try
having the ewes In small flocks a 1
ample shed room in which they ciuld
exercise.. Farther south, where
fields are seldom covered with s
we should expect better success with
winter lambs, nnd we look for those
sections to make as strong competition
with' the northern sections that now
produce them as Southern truclj
farms- have made with Northern
greenhouses and hotbeds or early
vegetables. The Cultivator..
QUATN'T KEXTCCEY CniMXEY,
on ton, sumtort the chimney prober.
which Is merely a pile of bricks a few
feet In height. Directly under it Is a
The house has the appearance ef hav
ing been built without a chimney and
then having had one stuck oil it iu the
uioat convenient spot.
No matter how widely some people j
travel, they remain provincial, and !
hold the village they live in as the j
starting-point of all knowledge. A pri-
vate soldier once introduced himself j
to Llucoin as the brother of the man :
who gave the Fourth of July oration ;
hi Topeka. An Audover clergyman is
said to have fixed the town he hailed
from with equal precision.
lie was present at a gathering of
noted scholars and professors in P.er
1 i ii . A distinguished German philolo
gist, just introduced to him.r.sked what
part of America he came from.
"Andover," raid the cb rgyman. wl.lt
"Eh 7 Where is Andc-vcr':"
"Next tj Tev. usl'Uiy," replied th.;
Manure and Feitllizrr.
No advanced agriculturist would
ever suggest to a farmer that he
should not use manure,, for such ad
vice would be wrong. Manure con
tains plant food, as ' every farreC'
knows,, but it is also valuable as""a
mechanical agent in the soil. The ob
jection to the exclusive use of manure
is. that farmers do not have a suffici
ency, and their farms deteriorate, al
though they use all the manure made,
owing to their' selling off the farm
more plant foods than, they apply to
the land.. It is. also possible for the j
farmer to purchase concentrated feeu-"
ing materials for enriching his manure
and also for providing, for the live
stock, but the best and surest way' to
make larger crops,, and at the same
time maintain, soil fertility, i3 to use
fertilizers with, the manure.. When
this is done all the problems of com
plete plant food, humus and the me-
chanical condition of the soil will soon t .
be solved, for the combination is one
that cannot fail if the weather con
ditions are favorable, as the manure
will be present in the soil to perform
its 'part and the fertilizers will be there
to re-enforce the manure.
Farmers must give more attention
to the preservation of their manure iu
order to prevent loss of some of its
most valuable constituents, aud the;,'
must throw off their prejudices
against the use of fertilizers. It is
true that the manure apparently costs
nothiug, while fertilizers must be pur
chased, but the expense at the be
ginning of the year must be. compared
with the possible harvest later. If
the yield of a crop can be doubled by
the addition of fertilizer to the land
then the fertilizer will really cost
nothing, as St will pay for itself in
the extra yield. The object of farmers
should bo to increase the yields of
their crops, whether they have enough
manure or an iusufiielency, as the
profit is always greater when tte
yield is large, provided prices : not
ct the result.
1 I l ill
'A large crops inc.
The extensions of the "ti
tern ol travel in 1V.-K Fr.
hitIe:'ed by discovery
cita' ,!:.:. a:,t.l t,-.;ri i.-.