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4 a arm HowfN-
SOUTH EMI FARM - flOTES.
topics (.' tsrtnzsi to t:i::'la.vt.i
Tl (imlnr I'.rmi.
'I'll'' ( ,,lr Im-iiii is 1 1 . df (l.e profita
ble ii n, Hilled in rilinnt every Siuiili-
T"""' !,):,., It p'-nilllCCS fl'Mll fifteen tl)
lllil!;. ! U-ho!s per M r-IC. Tl.c beans sell
fvr it ft average of ;1.-" a bushel, and
the (! inn nd nlwjiy s piml, The bean
i- a native of India, hut Is i'.l( i : : fil
ia all parts of Southern Furope.
f iitiii -1ms thf lincM oil for lighb
iniyl liinu in use in the (Mil World,
our country It is used extensively
medicines, pomades, illuiniun I lug
lubricating. It Is abo niueli used in
making soaps, in China it Is used as
a ciiniiinient for vegetables. It is con
sidered the very best lamp oil In India,
and at least :i,ooo,uo gallons are ex
ported from that country every year.
A warm, sandy soil Is the best for
castor bean growing. In Florida It Is
a perennial plant, growing 1o the
height of from fifteen to thirty feet. In
the colder sections of the Middle Hates
it grows about tho same as corn and
dies down in the winter. As the seeds
are marketed and the stalks are prac
tically valueless, the plant must not
have too rank growth. If too much
liotrogen is applied In the fertilizer the
stalks will be big and the seeds few.
Where there Is not enough potash and
phosphoric acid, the seeds will be small
and worthless. An application of from
400 to O(ii) pounds per acre of a fertil
izer containing at least eight per cent,
each of potash and phosphoric ncid
and about two per cent, niirogen
should be made in the spring in the
same manner as fertilizing corn.
The seed should be planted in rows
about live feet apart and tho plants
left to stand from two to thro? feet
apart in the row. Planting should be
about the same as for corn. Rotweon
the seventh and eighth row it is cus
tomary to leave a space wide enough
to drive a wagon in gathering the
beans. Cultivation is the same as for
corn. The planting season Is as early
In the spring as possible. The land
should be kept free from weeds, and
soil moisture maintained by proper
In harvesting tho castor bean tho
fruiting bunches should be cut out of
the top of the bushes as soon as the
pods begin to pop open. This is gener
ally in July or August. As the pods
ripen they should be cut and loaded
into wagons and hauled to the dry
yards. A tight board fence, six feet
high, is one way of keeping the beans
Inside the enclosure when they pop out
of the shells. They may be put in
a barn or closed shed. After they have
all popped out they can be cleaned
with a fanning mill ''and sold on the
general market Farmers' Home Jour
nal. Palms For Aimxteurs.
The requirements for palm culture
are few but imperative. Cleanliness of
the foliage is of vital importance. Dust
gives them the dull, rusty hue often
seen upon neglected plants. Frequent
sponging and spraying and an occa
sional bath or plunge into soapy Avater
are necessary. Turn the pot upside
down, dip the palm in ample supply
of water, and swirl it about until per
fectly clean. Then reverse tho plant
to its normal position, shake it free of
surplus water,- and the effect will bo
like a spring shower.
Palms are not exempt from scale in
jects, thrips, and a scaly "worm" with
a yellow coat. Spiders sometimes spin
webs from frond to frond. Spraying
will dislodge spiders and destroy their
webs, and . applications of almost any
of the commercial plant insecticides on
the upder sides of the leaves, where
tlie.cales attach themselves (along the
'"mid-ribs), and sponging the upper sur
faces will eradicate them all. Clean
liness and drainage are the two most
important points in the culture of
palms at home, after the proper choice
of kinds is made. The hardiest palrfis
are the handsomest, for amateurs, for
the obvious reason that they are easily
kept at their best. A fine specimen of
even an inferior class of plants is fre
quently more to bo admired than a
poor one of the finest class.
Among palmate leaved palms, Cliam-
erops Excelsa is the hardiest. It is
so pronounced by the park commission
ers of New Orleans, since it withstood
the phenomenal cold of ISP!). Hun
dreds of this variety have been planted
ja exposed positions since that winter
and the growth is fine. Chamerops
Excelsa makes a very handsome pot
or- tub palm.
Cyead Revoluta and the closely al
lied Zamia Integrifolia are the hardiest
of tlie pinnate leaved palms. They are
grown out of doors, in exposed posi
bus on the- northern limit of the "or
iiige (Hit. and wnne nicy simcreu
more from the cold of IS'). than Cham
eroiis Excelra. were the first to rally
: the i old-stricken palms. "Mrs.
What a l;arrel Will lo.
a i.K'Iassu barrel that iigr.res in
; -t iTi t bus. though ban ids that
rvtd other purposes mav easily
The ?rr:rg was i!i I
"run. or ratm
it. Mini iile raiib' gob:
always stood 'villi
spring, making ih
unpalatable for ,iie
soon afier i 1 1 1 i i j I'if
not hing of rendering
until for p. 'op!., to .r
cat lie i ha
t he sp: i:,g
II tlx that spring so i: wi
fe: e er.' " said .lack, a n;..
lie bad ta'keli liosessioli
nth a t'
ii i' the
farm, lie took the aforesaid molasses
barrel and sawed It in two parts, lie
tl:oro;t!...ily cleaned mil the spring and
mail" a foundation of tiat rocks for the
half barrel to rest imoii. He made a
similar foundation eight or ten feet
WATERING TUB AXD SPRISO COVF.:;.
down the "run" for the oilier half to
rest upon, and ran a lilt of iron pipe
from the spring into the second half
barrel. The one over ihe spring had a
square opening made in the head,
which was left in to give a linn sup
port to the staves, and a bin-red cover
put on top, A hinged cover was also
provided for the lower hall 1 arrel, so
that it can be closed when desired. A
tin dipper bangs inside tho half barrel
over tlie spring, so that man and boast
are now provided for and eacli tan
drink the water at its best. Webb
Donnell, in the American Agriculturist.
How to Kesneil Hairy Vetch.
Owing to the fact that the seed of
hairy vetch Is rather expensive, it is
always desirable to allow the plant to
reseed itself. It is possible to accom
plish this, whether the plant is used for
pasture, or saved for hav. If it is
pastured through the spring, stock
should be withdrawn in time to allow
a sufficient quantity of seed to ripen
and scatter before the date when it is
desired to plow under the vetch in
order to plant the land in some summer
crop. If the crop is to be used for hay,
the reseeding of the land may be as-
sureu in several ways. nip mowing
may bo deferred until a sufficient num
ber of the earliest seeds have matured
and fallen. The crop may be cut very
early and sufficient second growth ob
tained to reseed the land before the
time for plowing under arrives, or the
sickle bar may be raised high enough
to leave the lower part of the plant
with the attached seed pods uncut.
Carleton R. Rail.
Hint For Next Season.
Y e have noticed that farmers who
gave their crops thorough and often
cultivation during the growing 'season
have done well and made paying crops,
How often have we seen this before!
It will surprise anyone to see what
he can gain by keeping the top of the
ground well stirred during dry weath
er. It will cost an average farmer
about thirty-live cents an acre to run
two furrows to the row of such crops
as cotton or tobacco, and about thirty
cents for corn. Now if you can get
twenty-nve pounds of cotton or one
bushel of corn for giving a little extra
work, don't you see it will nay well?
Who will think of this next seasons
and try it? Harry Farmer, in thu
Saving Agricultural Clipping!).
One does not need one of tho elabor
ate "Index Rerums" in order to enjoy
the use of a very useful device for sav
ing clippings from this farm depart
ment Make a box a foot in length
and just wide and deep enough to take
in a No. G'. envelope. Have movable
partitions, as shown in the cut. Ruy
i our pacics or stout envelopes, ana as
clippings are made from the agricultu
ral papers put them in these and write
the subject on each envelope. Keep
envelopes of the same general subjects
together. This is much better than a
scrap-book, Tor many articles will be
found on both sides of the clipping a
matter which throws thorn out of a
scrap-book. It is much less work,
moreover to' cut out a slip and put it in
its appropriate envelope than to get
paste and brush and Ii:: it into a hook.
With the envelopes, too, o-.e can keep
all subjects by themselves, i.i-l so in
stantly available. The movable parti
tions can have the subjects adjacrr.
to tlirni marked on the upper edges,
sur-'ested in tfce cut,
(it In . 'i.clluci.l. v'ltrely I'l.iit,
Cl.ildl -'i le.n " n lli. tT vt.d "1-4-.
biK-v. ",i t.ir t radirt'it liidn."
('.illiiline h "Diir::" u til' iMMilii.uil
Ib-tile-U l. .1 Kelt, nvteet "tl.li;"
Ft-lu-ia m a "li.inuv mi 1 ;"
Mililil.i in a "linlv triif:" V
M u;iiet ii n shmmi: "lie.irl;"
l:ei.cc;i. '-v.illi thf f.i itlitul ivv:"
f-ll;i n i j ;i 1 1 1 v u til I ''
J a ne has the "willow's curve aad gr.TX
Ci-iihi. (leitr, is "tlmi of (tight:"
Sophia shown "wisdo'ii mi her lai'i-:"
Coiistanie is "tire and lTvilute;"
(liare, delicious, "l.nor inci't:'
Charlotte, "nnlili', good lviiutc:"
Ib'.iiiit, a tine "odor sweet;"
Isabella is a "lady rare; '
LiK'imla. "coiihtant as the il.iv;"
Marie means '-a lulv fair;"
AbiL'.iil, "iovl'ul as May;"
Ehzahi'th, "an oath of trust;"
Ailelia, "nice lirne'es, oroud;"
Acatha "is truly pio.l and just;"
Letitia "a iov avowed;"
Jeniina. "a foit hoiiui in tlie nir;" 1
Caroline, "a sweet spirit halo:"
rornelia, "harmonious and fair;"
Selina. "a sweet niiilitiicjale;"
f.vdia, "a refreshing well;"
Judith, "a jewel none excel;'
lrisenla, ancient of days;
A Croft an a l'-eiir.
'You're as cross as a bt-ar"' said P.ess
Uncle Jim whistled. "Rears nrenlt
cross to members of their own fainllv,"
he said. "Now, I knew a bear
Ress and P.illy ran to him and
climbed up on his lap.
'Did you really ever know a bear?"
cried Rilly, with wide open eyes.
"Well, not intimately." said Uncle
Jim, "but I used to go hunting them
when I was up in Canada, and one day
I Avas out with a hunting party and we
saw right straight in trout of us
what do you suppose?"
"A real bear?" gasped the children
'Yes, a real mother bear and her lit-
MISSING ANIMALS' PUZZLE.
Find a goat
tie son. The dogs started after them
and the mother bear began to run,
but the little baby son couldn't run as
fast as she did, and the dogs were gain
ing on him, so what do you suppose the
mother bear did? Leave her little sou
behind? No, sir-ee-ee, she picked the
baby bear up on her stout nose and
tossed him way ahead; then she ran
fast and caught up to him and gave
him another boost that sent him flying
through the air. She kept this up for a
mile and a half, then she was too tired
to go any further and the dogs sur
rounded her. Then she sat up on her
haunches, took her baby in her hind
paws and fought the dogs off with her
fore paws. And how she did roar!"
"You could hear her miles away. She
never forgot her baby; kept guarding
him all the time. When the mother
was -shot the baby cub jumped on hot
dead body and tried to fight off the
dogs with his little baby paws. That's
the way the bears stand by each other.
Sometimes I think they love each other
better than brothers and sifters. Hoy,
Ress, what are you crying about? I
guess I won't toll you any more bear
stories if that is the way it makes you
"Rilly," sobbed Ress, "you're as good
as good as a bear!"
Then they all laughed together and
forgot what they had been cress about,
New York Tribun
A Trick With a l'.owling ISnll.
We get a wooden ball, for instance, a
rtired bowling ball, and screw small
iter if-v y-r . - ' ! .
1 v LA IA 111
p'iillls. We Kl-p
ceiliug'hy a thin
r,d Jin'' ball front th
siring or cord and lie
of curd to t he hook on
a stronger piec(
the bottom (see
lioul of tlie stronger piece of cord and
give it a violent jerk; to your surprise
the stronger piece of cord Avill break
and the ball will hang suspended from
the weaker cord. New York Tribune.
and a horse.
Modeling a Toy Wheelbarrow.
A toy wheelbarrow may be con
structed Avith very little trouble. The
upper and lower parts of the wheelbar
row are to be formed in separata
wiiF.ELriAr.no v r, i a g k a m .
pieces, and then glued together; the
annexed diagrams show how they may
be cut out. The circle of card form
ing tr.c wheel may have a peg of wood
passed through its centre to serve
as an axle. (See diagrams a and b.)
i lie Liuteu iinguo;!i iiruius tier war
j vessels both more ciieaply and more
apeuy than any oilier country ii: the
''rid, aceori'dng to the Scouish-AitK-rl
I : B :
Til,,, t!. ilK' Hoof. J)
Ib.ofs Of old ho;;s frcqueiilly -H
If th-y Wrmw to,, f
! H liable to i.ceunmhite an ! J'
ifai'l I.i not able to s:.tnd i:p m;
on lis 't. It is yery c:im- to u
hogs' liooNihi tbe ii.-rd e-honl l ;
J p 'etid everyV!.': jriejiiL.! ur
this in .view. " "
ni mil riijHiul.iCj. j
It is quite essential t, bear in i
tlie fact that a lnuve differs vtry i:,
from a cow or uti-er in its di,r i
capacity m hen planning the fc ,.
bors.' need a condensed ratlui:
cow or ox can handle one onside:.;
more bulky. This i.-i due to the f
that tlie horse has one Momach
bundle all it feed while the ox
three stomachs that ns.dst ia prep
lug the food before it r"ache 14
fourth, or true, stomach. A lior - ?
heavy work is julaptcd to ;
heavy, grain ration, with hey.
Whitewash will kill and hold ; "
germs with which it comes in co
tact. It has the effect of making 1'
barn or indosuro Tighter itnd nun .
more wholesome for the animals cut
tallied in it. Whitewash can be pti;
on wiili a good spray pump made l'o
that purpose, or with a brush. );
rough walls, the material ."hould la ;
very tb-lck, especially for the first coat.
J lie imorior ot any building sprayed;
veral times during the season wilii
mucQ less liable to spread germs'
In the milk and other substances.
A Sunny Ius.t Hath.
Tut a row of small windows alonfr
the bottom of tho sunny side of the
henhouse.. Inside, box off a space, as
shown in the diagram. This makes r
; ntertor c fioise,
PLAN OP HOtTSE WITH DUST BATH,
splendid sunny dusting place In win- i
ter, and increases the size of the house, ..
as the space above this dusting apart- ;
ment can be covered with sand tiud. ,
litter and be used for scratching pur- ;
poses. New England Homestead.
Fattening IMgs Profitably.
In order to get the best and quickest
returns from hogs, begin fattening
the pigs as soon as they are born. I
raised pure-blooded Poland-Chinas of
meuium size, anu never attempted to
keep mare than I could handle well.
My brood sows were kept in a thrifty
condition. They were not fat. but are -
far from being poor. I fed a little
Avhole corn and a slop made of rve
meal and milk.
When the pigs begin to try to eat ..
(and they will do this when only a few
days old), I fix a place where thev
could go and eat by themselves. I
first gave them sklmmilk and then
gradually added rye meal, increasing -the
amount as the pig grows. As soon ,'
as they are large enough to cat it, I
add a little corn, but I find that I can
make the most rapid growth with rye
meal if I have plenty of milk to go
with it. If tlie meal is fed alone, it is
in my opinion too concentrated. I
raise two litters of pigs each year.
They generally average from 273 to
"00 pounds at seven months old. G. W.
Ilurd, In Orange Judd Farmer.
l.ovr Vitality in Sheep.
It is surprising to see how easily
sheep will die. Not that we have met
with many losses, but with a few that
are unaccountable. I never knew until
taught by experience that a- sheep
(mutton bred and broad backed), could
lie down, roll over on its back and be
utterly unable to get up, seemingly
through lack of "gumption," and ac
tually die within three hours. Wo
hav? lost a few that way, some before
shearing. I could understand why
this might occur, because the wool
would naturally prevent getting up,
but when a shorn ewe did it I was a
Tlie probable cause for its getting on
its back was ticks, at least that is
what I surmise, though there was no
Hock in Minnesota more thoroughly
dip.ped than ours was last fall: still.
....... ..v 41 , ui lilt;,'
pests. We thall dip twice this year.
At the first opportunity the flock wid
be dipped, ewes and lambs, aiullhat,
too, most thoroughly, and they will
f.-et a second cleansing in the fall. We
hope in this way to avoid tlie losses.
Rut the fact remains that the sheen
li-s easily. They mak me think of
the low vitality described by the late
Dr. Dickson, who said that the native'
India man when taken ill lost ali reso
lution and courage, took to hi- .ire.J
couch in bis rude but. turned b I'e.r-j
to the wall. cla--ped his hands. s:.:d it
was "Ki-Miiet," and "let her go Gal,
laghor." Farm, Stock and IJ-;