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Hie author .s olio of tin only two or three Englishmen who have ever
visited the Russian pi bon-lsland of f,ikhalin, whic h numbers no fewer than
i.-ht thousand niunlei ors among Its small r " pulat Inn ! Mr. Ilawos paints
a must Impressive picture of the terrible life led hv convicts In this trrim land
despair and desolation.
'F all the penal settlements
in Slheria the Inland of
Sakhalin lias the "worst
reputation. This Is not
surprising when ve re
laeinlier Its irreat distance
Horn Hie central administration Jiid
l:U it Is the prison-Island to which nil
tlie worst criminals are sent. There
fl'e proha'.dy not a dozen free-born in
il vlJuals outside of the convicts, e.x
cnlcts. their -wives and children, and
lu.w officials and native tribes. On
January 1. 1S:S, there were on the.
island "JlMO, convicts and cx-couvicts.
Of those "USD were encased in hard
labor, ami of this number alone v.n
fewer than 1!S:J( were convicted of
murder, so that out of the total number
of convicts and ex-convicts a moderate
estimate would give 8000 as murderers!
Of the US"!! murderers the large pro
of ;:U were women. IVrhaps
Is to he explained by the brutality
c iiusnani.s under t no liiuueuce oi
drink and passion, for many of these
women had stabbed or poisoned their
pa:-U:ers in life. It is not surprising,
therefore, that Sakhalin is a name not
to be mentioned in St. Petersburg. To
do so is a greater faux pas than :
talk of r.otany Pay in Sydney. Rut
bad as tilings were reported to bo. I
v.'i,jjLfu!:y aware that groat strides had
ll,,-juade in the reform of prisons
ti-im management since tlie time
AvhFMr. George Konnan visited them
on th; mainiar.d In 1SS.". but I thought
for although the :;uthorltlos might lock
tile up they would not be able to send
mo away for some time.
Here I was a prisoner, but how en
viable was my lot to that of those who
had to spend the remainder of thtlr
lives (.n the island. As 1 s'ood looking
out to sea the sun was .setting behind
a liory-rod doud-bank. To mo It pic
tured the passionate longing of those
exiles av1io.su eyes were straining ever
Avestward to the land of the sunset, to
drcd convicts In th worst prison avoio
being srut out to do hard labor In the
mines or road -making; It was not sur
prising, therefore, that the dreadful
( ti ii ii I drove smile of the remainder Into
risking attempts at (light. The night to
choose for aa escape was hen a s'oi ni
was raging. It Avas on one such night
of my stay that six in tlie Alexan
drovsk Testing Prison, under eovtr of
the darkness and the howling storm,
lassoed the tops of the twenty-foot
stockade and. clambering over, dropped
down nnil successfully evaded the
patrols. The storm that night did us
as good a turn as It did tlie convicts,
for it turning from a r.even hundred
mile Journey, mostly accomplished In a
dug-out canoe, we tiny Interpreter and
1 1 had entered on our last stage which
took us through the forest Into Avhli h
these six convicts had plunged. There
were two roads before us, one travers
ing the forest and the other being
merely tlie sandy beach. The latter
Avas Impassable at high tide, nnd had
this advantage, that one had only to
defend oneself from human or, rather,
inhuman asaallants on one side. An
fx-convkt who had given us hospital
ity begged us not to take this forest
road. Now, of course, there Is free
masonry among the convicts and ex
convicts, and Avhile he told us that they
Avore armed Avith guns more particu
lars lie Avould not divulge. Seeing ns
still mipersunded lie backed up his
In our belts and loaded titles In hand.
We had Instructions from the pillow
to lire If we should see any moving
form. Mttle, Indeed, could we make
out--though wp could Imagine n great
;n had la;
steps of refo
farther east one tracked
that on Sakhalin it one
that the foot
god behind the
get there the cond'.ion of affairs
avoi:1 1 reject the state of things that
vlsted on the mainland ten years ago.
id so I found it. No Englishman.
h the exception of Mr. do Windt.
vxpnid a flying visit to the island
"i. Avhen his ship called, had vis-
Pil the prisons, and none liau evir
penetrated into the far interior
After sundry adventures and many
difficulties overcome, I succeeded in
getting away from NIkolaev6k, which
is situated on the mainland, near the
mouth of the River Amur, to the Island.
At tiieiVcry last moment I av.ts pacing
the ftwk of a trann steamer which
stood in about two miles from thp
shore, and the captain was signalling
again and again, lie despaired of
being abb? to land mo, though he good
naturedly delayed, nnd 'at length a tiny
tug, used for dragging lighters loaded
avKU convicts, put out, nnd to my sur
prise -I Avas allowed to board it; but i.o
sootiVf lutd 1 ascended the steps of the
wooden Jetty than a military officer
stepped forward and demanded my
business. To him I made reply In the
scantiest of Russian that I had a letter
of introduction to an ex-convict mer
chant. His Avas a strange and sad
gfo.-v for In early days lie had been
T) large estates, through -which
T HWiv'lcr froni Berlin to St. Poters-burg-i-sses.
The only ansAver I re
ceived was that the ex-convict mer-
Ti:2S L0SO-SEXTENC3 CONVICTS.
haut Avas now at tlie coal mines and
woul'l-' return for another tAventy
fcur I j-trs. and that 1 must, remain
therc custody. I looked around tlie
log-built room and thought I had slept
in much Averse places than that; then
I Avent to the door, but was stopped
by a sentry, of Avbom, however. I de
manded my baggage. From the win
dow I could see my ship preparing to
leave, and in this lay my great hope;
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'To-l No r.iil i." I stole tieit ni -ri
And iiiuled it on my door.
No use. by every in. id lii.it cmnci
1 i;i t Mure tluui lielore.
1 f iir I'm Kcttm in a groove;
I fear tiuk t )dii I'll Imvu to move.
.Ntn V01U Sua.
sin: iiAD nini:.
Pyy :t 'i' '. t 'iVv;;. "W-iry VH- v:- t.'.v.f;
m:e;v it &&&&&
Cne of the Native Trackf rs. 2. The Executioner's Instrument,
victs Chained to Wheelbarrows.
Hie homestead, the land of friends and
loved ones, so long ago left behind. .
Some weeks later I shared the log
house of 11 petty official engaged on
the Jetty, nud so aviis able to Aveud my
way to the place of my late uetentlon
to Avatch the batches of convicts arriv
ing. One lot from Siberia had trumped
tlie two thousand nnd seventy-live
miles from Nertcliensk to Nikoluevsk,
with an occasional lift from a steamer,
and the Journey had occupied them
I knoAv vvliat it is to have had to
struggle for a bare bench in a fourth-
class Russian railway carriage where
on to sit and try to sleep at night, and
this Avas my home for a couple of
weeks through a frozen country. Hut
what Avas this to the lot of those poor
convicts who. hungry and weary after
a long day's march, fa ilea in the Avild
scramble to obtain one of the miser
able plank resting-places allotted them,
and had to lie on the filthy floor. Kvon
there a stronger neighbor often crusjied
them, for the most brutal tongue, the
hardest list, got the best place, and
tlie timid and Aveak Avont to the Avail
or the floor. Such is the description
we have heard in the past. Is it true
to-day'.' lu the main no; but in my
Russian convicts are dressed in un
bleached cotton shirts and trousers.
Avitri socks or pieces of cloth wound
around their legs, puttee fashion and
shoes. Over all they Avear the "Uha
lat," or long, ulster-like frieze. All are
in chains. One degrading form of pun
ishment, that of chaining the convict
to a AvheolbarroAv, Avhich is never de
tached either by day or night, has hem
abolished on the mainland: but on Sak
halin to-day there are still two men
Avho are undergoing this miserable
form of punishment, the officials
say. is necessary to keep them from
escaping. The clean shaving of half
the head is also Intended to render
escape more difficult and identification
Only ore ?r ?Jred out of the six hun-
statement bytclling us Iioav the post,
Avliich I have seen leaving Alexan
drovsk. tAvelve miles distant, carrying
beside the driver one armed official and.
tAvo soldiers Avlth bayonets fixed, Aa of
bold up on this road, a few miles ?
of Alesandrovsk. So Ave determir""'
to take our chances of the rising titoVo
and try th; beach route, though we
had Just heard that the youth avIio lived
with us at Alexandrovsk had been mur
dered on the sands for the sake of the
gun lie curried.
We started in darkness with no lan
tern, for that Avould have rendered us
a mark, and the wretched telega moved
along at a snail's pace. We sat back
to back, revolvers nnd daggers handy
OOLINSK.V, THE EXECUTIONEK, AVITU TUB
deal as Ave peered into tlie dark for
est on our Avay to the beach. We had
dragged on at this miserable pace for
about a mile and a half, longing for a
troika Avith Its galloping steeds, when
suddenly the storm burst upon us. To
keep our guns dry and be ready for
an attack Avas Impossible, and 1 con
fess I Avas not sorry to be compelled
to take refuge in the hut of a convict,
which the howling of dogs announced
to be near by.
It is ulniost impossible for those
"brodyagas" ipassportless vagabonds!
to get away from the Island. From
the prison they escape Into the forests,
and there in summer they manage to
exist on bilberries, cranberries, mush
rooms and roots, and add to the little
given them by comrades. Avhose sen
tences have expired, by waylaying
passers-by. Rut when Avinter comes
on. Avith its sevtu feet of siioav and
a temperature occasionally touching
forty degrees iFahr.) below zero, with
no food to be obtained nud rags for
clothing, they find their AVty back to
the prison. After giving themselves up
here they are flogged with the cruel
"plot." and received back again Avith
an additional sentence.
The photograph shows the Instru
ments of the executioner the "kobila."
or bench, qh which the convict is
strapped; the birch-rods, which are
dipped in hot brine, and the heavy,
three-thonged "plot." with leaded ends.
These are the Instruments in use at
Another photograph shows the pub
lic executioner at Alexandrovsk, Go
linsky by nnme. The "palatch." or.
executioner, is chosen from among the
convicts themselves. Prisoners who
ar'e refractory in prison are birched,
bust sometimes this punishment is given
fol; no other reason than that the chief
of the prison, of whom it would lie
difficult to say anything too bad. hap
pens to lie In a fit of Ill-humor when
they go before him to prefer some sim
ple request. My oavu interpreter, liim-
n man of rank, told me that in
Agent "Madam, I called . to lnsr.ro
Mrs. Katt "Which one?"-Ncw York
De Styl3 "What did that polite man
ilo after they got him strapped into the
Clunbusta "lie -wanted to got up
rind offer a. lady his scat." Ncav York
OUT OF WHOLE CLOTH.
Jnggles "Animals in captivity seem
'.3 do more wonderful things than Avhen
in their native Avilds."
Waggles "Perhaps that's because
they have press agents." Ncav York
Von r.lumer "Do you mean to, say'
Von have boon shopping all day and
Jida't buy a thing:"
Mrs. Von IJlumer "I haven't been
chopping I've only been recon
noitring." Brooklyn Life.
PUT TO THE TEST.
Truth, bing crushed to earth, rose
.ngain, but Avith a visible effort.
"This resiliency is all right." she re
marked, "but it grows to bo a strain cu
one when she is crushed into an airshh;
prospectus!" New York Times.
Hay b1 'vv'tn a" th ros tne oon
w erecld political exiles lie paid tribme
neaa ofln the shape of food to tlie ex-
Ser. so tha. should lie he ordered
t plet." the loads should be brought
down on the underside of the board
and not on his bare body. Corporal
punishment for women has been done
away with by law lu Russia, but
in February of last year two women
Avere flogged Avith birch-rods dipped
in brine, and aftonvards put in chains
for refusing to obey their villainous
overseers. World Wide Magazine.
TIIEY DIFFER MUCH.
Ascum "Say, a 'bibliophile' and a
'llterateur' ore the same, aren't they?"
NoAvltt "Not much. A bibliophile is
most pleased AAith first editions, but a
litterateur struggles to achieve twenty
fifth or fiftieth editions." Philadelphia
CLOTHES AND THE MAN.
"What a mistake it is to Judge men
by their clothes!"
"I knoAV it. There Is a self-made mil
lionaire in this toAvn who dresses Just
as Avcil and Avith as much taste as anj
of the clerks in his establlshmcnt."
"Xoav, Jane, you must be very cart.
ful with this cloissonne vase. I don't
know that It would break if it dropped,
but of course it Avon't do to take any
j "Don't worry nbout it. ma'am. I'll
scon find out." Cleveland Tlalndcaler.
CTV KITCHEN IN CHRISTIANS.
"Have yen any clues to the murder?"
"We have plenty of clues too many,
"Then what are you waiting for?"
"We can't decide which to follow
first. If we tried to folIoAV them all it
Avould take a lifetime." Cleveland
One of the best municipal institutions in Norway is no doubt the city
kitchen in Christiania. opened last year. During the last six mouths of I'.iirj
no less than l.O-VJk) meals were served to the poor, while 70.000 meals AVere
sold at six cents a meal. The building is throughout fitted with the latest In
ventions and most up-to-dat machinery, including a dish-washing machine,
laundry machinery. et'. Our cut shows one of the large kitchen rooms
where eight boilers f.rc Installed for the supply of heat and hot water.
Mwrr: d mm
Customer "How h it you don't have
four man slop at my house for orders
Eutcher "Why. yen see, your cook
Jilted him last Aveoi:, and since then 1
tr.a't f.ct ban to go Lcr.r th2 place."
V'cw York iSua, ,