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SOUTHERN FAIW : jlOTES.
C3 O - O -
r?CS CF INTEREST TO THE PLASTER,
ISurr Clover on Culjlvatril I.itiul. i
For more than liftoon years I have
foen burr clover grown under different
conditions i:i the South, and have boon
fcomowhat discouraged will) It In many
cases. It docs not seem to Ik; a sure
crop on Bermuda noil, possibly for the
reason that tin? burrs do not g't down
to tlio ground in tin; thick dead prays,
mid as a result tlio seed fall to ger
minate. If hoavii alone It docs not form
a covering for tlio ground nf tor Juno,
ng It dios down about tlio last of May,
after making seed. Tills permits a
growth of weeds and other undesirable
things on the land till fall.' I am now
convinced that one of the best -ways to
manage It Is to grow it on cultivated
Holds during -winter and miring -when
they are not needed for other crops.
A method which lias given eminent
satisfaction on many farms in South
Carolina Is to cultivate the crop of
corn, cotton or tobacco in the ordinary
way with a view to leaving the land
as near level as possible at the time
, of laying by the crop. Just ahead of
the plows at the last cultivation In
summer sow the soe:l thinly, renicm
Lerlng that each burr contains a num
ber of seed. Plow the crop with heel
6 weep or such other implement as will
nerve the desired purpose of shallow
cultivation. By this means the seed
will be covered about the right depth,
and the crop can be gathered without
injuring them iu any way. They come
up In the winter and make a very early
spring pasture of excellent quality. It
Is at its best in March, April and May,
just when we are in need of something
till the Iicrmuda pastures are good.
When the clover begins to bloom be
sure not to pasture so close that It will
not make seed. When it has died down
go over the land with a hay rake to
clean off the dead vines if too deep
to plow in, and this will expose the
seed so that as many as may be desired
can be swept up and saved. The land
Is then in a line, mellow condition, and
can be prepared and planted in cotton
or late corn, and will make a line crop.
Lay by the next crop level and the
clover will make a lino pasture year
cfter year as long as it is allowed to
go to seed. G. E. Nesoni, in the South
It is not safe to hang a lantern on a
common nail as many do. Have some
hooks made and put them up in the
barn and stable to hang your lantern
on, then it will not get knocked off.
They will not unhook by being hit
with anything. Three-eighths-iuch
round iron, sharpened on one end aud
bent as shown in the illustration, an
swers the purpose. J. S. Blackwell, in
Molci Are Profitable.
Mules can be raised more cheaply
than horses. Frequently a four-year-
old horse will do little more work
than a two-year-old mule. Prudence,
however, would not allow a mule to
do heavy work at that tender age. It
would dwarf the colt, and greatly re
duce its probable value when matured.
Such work as easy driving, hauling
small loads, and pulling a light culti
vator may be done by a two-year-old
mule colt that is well matured for its
age. If it is given only such work and
excesses are always carefully avoided,
the colt may have its muscles grad
ually hardened and be generally bene
fited by being used. The trouble is
that abuses and excesses are likely to
happen and the colt become almost
If used as advised, the colt will be a
' fine work animal at four or live years
cf age. A horse at this age is likely
to be rather tender aud not well ma
tured. This early maturity is only one of
the virtues of the mule. They are less
likely to become blemished than horses.
They will stand more abuse than
horses; but should not oe abused, for
they profit by good care and kind
treatment. About the first practical
thing most persons learn about the
mule is that it will stand hot weather
better than the horse. The mule be
comes sick less frequently 'than the
horse; and for ordinary farm work
rarely requires to lie shod, r.ecause
this is true, though, the hoofs should
not be neglected nnd allowed to go
without being trimmed.
.Owins to a
rvater intelligence, or to
STOCK MAS AND TRUCK CflOYEP,.
some other cause, the mule will take
care of Itself better than the horse.
l'h mule avoid.- dangerous places and
will got its foot on safe spots if they
are to be found.
Those who are unsuccessful iu rais
ing other live stock ought to succeed
In raising mules, because the animals
themselves will to a Aery large extent
care for and raise themselves.
Handy Appliance Kor ftnrrirnori.
"We illustrate this week a handy de
vice which may be readily made at
home, and one that will be thoroughly
appreciated by market gardeners who
have large quantities of vegetables to
prepare for market. J lie device con
sists of a box open at both ends, made
of boards a foot long, and of any de
sired width. These boards are used
to maTce the sids and the bottom as
shown in the lower part of the cut.
To one side -hoard Is screwed a sec
tion of an old scythe blade, the edge
being sharpened so that it will cut
readily. Across the top of both side
boards, in the centre, cut a slit about
an inch deep. Lay the string iif these
cuts and place the vegetables to be
bunched on It until the slriu?, touches
the bottom of tlio box. When the
bunch is of the desired size tie It with
the string and then bring the string In
contact with the edge of the scythe
blade attached to the side board. The
work can be done in this way quickly
and the bundles will be neatly and
firmly tied. The device costs buta few
minutes of time and it "will pay for it
self many times over during the sea
son. Indianapolis News.
Trofessor Whitney. Chief of Division
of Soils, United States Department of
Agriculture, makes the following state
ment; "I have never in my experienc
seen a case in which one could say
with any degree of certainty, or even
probability, that exhaustion was due
to the actual removal of plant-food.
It is perfectly safe to say that the
condition of the so-called worn-out soils
in the Soutli Is duo not to an actual
extraction of plant food, but to the
chemical condition in which it now!s.
in which it is unavailaole to plant? ,
and that the restoration of the fertility
of that land must be not necessarily
in the addition of plant food to the
soil, but ir. bringing about such
changes in the physical conditions or
in the chemical combinations ns will
encourage that natural weathering of
the soil which brings the plant food
into a condition in which the plant
can get its support."
The authority quoted is a high one,
and his words have weight. lie knowM
of no soil once fertile that has be-5 I must4 .
cropped down to such a point tore Clemen t
chemical analvsis would not show tc-r all, the-
presenoc of great quantities of p!a?9 -
food. An nnbroduetlvo condition of a
field once fertile does not signify that
plant food has been removed by crop
ping to the point of exhaustion, but
that the condition, of that field has
been permitted to become bad, or that
the plant food in the soil is permitted
to rest in such chemical combinations
that plants cannot use. A clear con
ception of tills fact affects our farm
methods if fertility were gone we
should add all required to produce
New Strawberry Culture.
A good way of handling strawberries
that is little used is as follows: After
the fruit is plekeJ cut the vinos back
close to the ground. If a mower is set
very low it can be used for this pur
pose. After that the row should be
plowed to the desired width, and the
middles thoroughly cultivated out. Then
use a hoe to thin the plants in the
rows. This is much less work than re
setting, and some claim the yield will
bo greater the following year than
from 'plants that have been set out ia
the usual manner.
Two 1'neful lIIniK.
For worms oa cabbage, lice on col
lards, curculio on plum trees, spray
with old sour buttermilk. Keep the
milk until it is a week old and use it
freely; It Is quick and sure death tc
bugs and worms and not at all hurt
ful to trees, plants or -man like some
other remedies might be.
For rabbits eating the bark off ol
apple trees rub the body of the tret
with a fat salty bacon skin and h
will never touch it again E.F. Young,
in the Southern Cultivator.
A SANITARY TENT.
The I.Mtmt II rut III rvl Cor Coiikiiiiip
tlr. The newest thing la health devices
In the Rock Mountains Is the sanitary
cottage tent, in whhh a gnat many
persons allliotcd with tuberculosis are
Ihlng almost out of doors in many
HAS ITAHV TF.NT l'OIl CONSfMl'TITESj.
parts of Colorado and others of the
Kooky Mountain States.
This tent Is ton by twelve feet, as
designed for but one person. It has a
good frame, floor and wainscoting. The
latter Is two and a half foot high above
the floor, and above this Is two and
ti half feet of canvas, making the side
walls live foot high from lloor to angle
of roof. It Is covered with double
walls of canvas, between which Is an
air space of four Inches and so ar
ranged as to ventilation that a con
stant circulation of fresh air surrounds
the Inmate of the tent cottage. Th
outer roof canvas or "l!y" is elevated
six Inches above the Inner roof and
projects two feet at each end and each
side, thus protecting the tent from
sun, snow, or rain. By a simple
mechanism the upper half of the outer
wall of each side and the rear end can
be converted Into an awning, thus
changing the tent cottage Into a tent
pavilion whenever desirable. These
features are shown In the illustrations
here presented. Other devices regulate
ventilation at will, the whole making
a very convenient, cheap and comfort
able habitation, durable, portable and
easily dismantled by the removal of
l'nto;ti and Wondr rful Gannon!.
A genuine fish dress for women is
shown in the accompanying illustra
tion. These unique and woiderful
garments are worn by wealthy ladies
FISH SKIN DliESS I'liOM SIllEUI,
of the Amur Kiver region in far-off
Siberia. Thoy can iioav be seen at the
American Museum of Natural History
and are probably the only ones in
America. New York Commercial Ad
vertiser. Striking an average of the whole
Orange Kiver colony, land values have
doubled since the war.
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(Irliii lVRtit Hi l.rniinil Orcuplcl lij
A him !-' lii nr ftii inr.
Jnmos Smlth'-on, the founder of thr
Kudth-oiilaii Institution. Is about. to he
turned out of his grave, in Genoa, Italy,
to make room for a 4uany, says the
Kansas Citv Star.
birth, life and death of this
great henei'jielor of mankind wore for
hlia one sorb s of misfortunes, and i:ow
evui his resting place Is to bo de
stroyed. As the illegitimate son of a
duke and a noble lady who was the
descendant of Kings, ho eanio into the
world tin welcomed; his life was em
bitter d and blighted by the thought
of his stained birth: ho died iu Genoa
ho never had a home without a single
kinsman beside bis deathbed; his grave
was dug in a city far from bis native
land, and now his bones must be turned
out of hi: grave la order that tlu city
may got stone for Its harbor works.
The movement that has boon started
urging that the body of James Sinlrn-
SMITHSON'S TOMH AT OEXOA, ITALY.
son be brought to the United States j
deserves and ought to gain success, j
If the people to whom ho was so gen- j
e rous knew or realized that his bones I
were about to be disturbed thoy would
insist upon honoring the memory of
their great benefactor by bringing i
them to this country aud giving them a ;
permanent resting place in the grounds
of the institution which he founded.
The United States Cjvernment ought
to assign a war ship to carry his body
In state across the Atlantic. It would
be base ingratitude on America's part
to lot him be buried again in Genoa in
another cemetery where, as time goes
on and .the city grows, he will be again
Judging by the Job,
A man Avas taken on as a laborer in
one of the large shipbuilding yards oa
the Clyde. The first job he had to do
was to carry some rather luavy planks.
He had been about an hour carrying
them when he went up to the foreman
"Did ah tell you ma name whin ah
"Aye." said the foreman. "You said
it was Tamson."
"Oh, that's a' right." replied the man,
looking over at the pile of planks ho
had yet to carry. "Ah wis wunnorin'
if you thocht ah said it wis Samson."-Tli-IUts.
French cabinet-makers have learned
a way of preparing sawdust and mak
ing it into articles of ornament that
resemble carved woodwork.
z t i
ti , -
it i - -. .ri.
ni:v eiiAin covering.
Tor durability as well ns novelty for
covering chair seats a now sateen
goat's hair covering, made entirely of
ln!i: wool, Is excellent, and may be
bad In rich, deep rd, green, blue an'.
LACK DDOU TAMILS.
Lnce door panels, after tlui latest
Idea, are now mounted on metal
frames, so the panel can be removed
nnd the glass cleaned without disar
ranging the lace. The frames conic tu
fit all the usual sized openings.
YLXTIL ATi:i CAKI1 I'.OX . '
Ventilated cake and brtad boC; nro
among the newest and best. They are
of japanned tin, the shelves are per
forated, and there is a ventilator in
the top of the bread box nnd in the
upper part of the door of the caka
i'.lenDinT; of colors:
A loading spirit In the hous Jur
nlshing world of to-day, one j h&
for his originality and sucoessfi.il re
sults, says: "Any one can match."
A keeping entirely to one tone results
in monotony. Any room distinguish
able as a red room, a green room, a yel
low or blue and white room becomes
irksome to live in, because of its in
completeness. Colors should be used,
aud If properly blended, the effect will
be :iot colors, but color, which Is ill-
A BRIGHT IDEA.
A clever woman who had been hoth
prcd in identifying her trunk in num
berless rai'way stations, concluded to
put an ci?(1. to her trials by having her
Initials stenciled on all four sides of it,
is well as on the top. "You don't know
what a comfort it is," she says. "In
stead of wandering gloomily thaough,
acres of trunks trying to pyo'.TCout
mine, I now find it without the w.st
ililllculty. It not only saves time, hut
It also saves temper. I wonder I
a.evcr thought of ft before."
IN THE LIVING ROOM.
The living room Is now a recognized
factor in the modern house. In secur
ing the desired "livable" quality th"
wall and lloor coverings play an impi
tant part. If they are heavr1'
terned and glaring they are out 111
A very common error is to adoi
1 upper part of the Avail with an ol.
J sive frieze. Anything bcloAAr twelve
feet in height needs only a cornice top
. nnd bottom as a finish. Scotch rugs
iuade in Morris patterns in unusual
' and artistic combinations of colors
i make effective yet inexpensive living
A new and very beautiful fabric
for upholstery or drapery has softly
tinted floral festoons of the time of
Marie Antoinette, thrown on a light
moire or bloom linen with a silken
sheen. This is especially designed to
oe used Avith dainty, dehVate furnish
ing schemes, and is in direct cojjfrast
to the bold effects and designs 'tiered
to accompany an arts and crafts room.
For a Georgian or Colonial room
nothing is 'better for covering the' fine
old mahogany pieces, or, as a hanging.
than a silk brocade, just out, that is
a reproduction of a rare old English
Mock Indian rudding rour four
cupsful of scalding milk oa two cups
ful of cereallne; then add half atiip
of molasses, one and a half levcyyiile
spoonsful of butter; pour intoX-t flut
tered baking dish and bake oi? liour
in a s!oav oven; serve with cream.
German Toast Beat three eggs a lit
tie; add half a teaspoon of salt, one
cupful of milk and two tablespoons o
sugar; dip slice, of bread in '
cook on a hot griddle; trow;
side, then turn and broAvn th-:..
this may bo serve;! for luncheon or as
a dessert with sa;
Coffee Custard Put over the fire two
cupsful of milk, and two tahicspoons-
ful of ground coiYce; whe:a scalding
hot, remove and strain; beat line egg
yolks; add to them three taVi mis-
ful of sugar and the scaldug raiik;
strain into buttered individual moulds;
set Iu a pan of hot Avater and bake
in a moderate oven until firm in the
Apple Tapioca Soak three-fourths
:up oi penrl or menite tapioca onhour,
drain, add two and one-half "5 of
boiling water and half a twis- a et
sail; cook in the double boiler sAl
transparent; core and pare seven rath
er tart app'.cr; arrange them in a but
tered pudding di-h; fill the cavities
with sugar; pnur ever the tapioca and
l;ak( In a moderate oven until apples
are soft; serve with us;ar anj'at