Newspaper Page Text
'SOUTHERN : fARHJ -' 076
TOPICS CF I'J TERES T TO Till PLASTER, STOCKMAN AND TRUCK ?:i'7.
Jrilni; lnK4, IYi-lll..r l or ( urn, '
!. II. .U Front K'i,;il, Vn., writes:'
J':lv'' libotli 0!H- Hole 111 iwVlli.V
,';" rr:u. arilchokcs, seventy-eight per
j. ,-ent. i. Mi.," ;iml ;vi) jut cent, chufiis
which ;ir,. trowing nicely. I wane to
I'Dt :i t ;. around It utnl hog it off.
I JUii ,-!!m) trying u small piece of
Wgh I'n. iviu content Boone Comity
white corn. Also n fertilizer ex peri -
"!IV."! riv''1' l"1"'"'! one mre.
"a !,-!.;: Is nitrate of soda, loo
ivw ... .
s mo muriate of potash and ItHi
uN s- ('- '''"'k- One acre villi
.'tit li'i pounds of muriate of potash
.none, it smaller piece of S. C. foci;
alone. Tliis is on black waxy ami
handy rlv r l.ottoin.
If 1 can arrange my finances I will
j try to bu-ld a silo. What would you
j think of dropping three to four peas in
j the Li!! after the corn is eight or ten
j I'H'fits high for the silo and use cow-
f PnJ nJ corn hay?
Is thr.v any danger of Prussic acid
. poison in Kalir corn, hay or silage here?
1 am vi vy glad to learn of your ex
periments with artichokes, peanuts
and chnfus for hogs and trust these
1 may prove highly satisfactory. I shall
t look forward to learning of your rc
. suits with huicIi interest.
.In my opinion you are using entirely
,A muc-h muriate of potasli on your
n. It would be. better to Increase
" South Carolina rock and decrease
the muriate of potash. It is only in
( -exceptional cases that it is an advan
? tagc to use more than fifty pounds of
muriate of potash, whereas one can of
ten use i:0 to I'OO pounds of South
Carolina rock with prolit. If you can
build a good silo yon will find it to
your ml vantage to do so. There Is no
doubt about its furnishing a very cheap
sind satisfactory foodstuff for the win
ter feeding of cattle. By all means
tlfoiv-sevcrnl peas in each hill of corn.
It will improve both the quality of si
lage and fodder obtained from corn.
Kalir corn makes a very good silage,
ltut does not yield so well as either
sorghum or corn. Probably sorghum
anil cowpeas combined will make a
"'1. better fodder or a better hay than
" iiafir .orn and cowpeas. There is very
'Ue if any danger from Prussic acid
Jsoniug from Kalir corn in the East
,j I ," plates. The trouble Is largely con
. ' ""jd to the semi-arid country west of
': J-. Mississippi River. Prussic acid
forms chiefly during dry weather, and
as we have a humid climate and rarely
snffer from protracted droughts it is
not likely to develop in our sorghum or
Kafir corn. Professor Soule, iu the
Knoxyllo Journal and Tribune.
Some Fanning Jfotcn.
Thg. wviter sowed one and a half
bushels of Virginia turf oats on about
one acre of land the 11th day of Sep
tember, 1902. The land is a very tight
red laud. Turned under pea vines and
in a few weeks after sowed the oats,
and had the land well cut with disk
orvmtaway harrow. The oats were
renu t kably green all winter and much
Interripening in spring or early s.uin-
mcV; other oats were cut long before
these. Cut and shocked 107 bundles
to the acre.
Did not put any guano or other ma
nure on the land in over a year before.
"The land had been manured in other
ypars . I do not think the land is ex
. tra riff.
"Vnid the dry May, as in other
places. My Bockyford canteloupes were
well manured and land thoroughly
plowed. Then in a deep furrow sowed
high-grade guano and bedded on it,
running a deep furrow twice in top of
ridge, strewing seed so as to thin out.
Hows were four feet wide; plowed
(l. once, sowing pease in middle of the
""V-iy, No trouble in selling melons of
v 'j-. our farmers get to the inten
irming there will be less eont
. iit about dry weather, covering and
. .vn put on rough manure on top of
jcovered corn. Did not replant or thin.
'Tbe corn is quite a success.
Now ,is time to plant onion sets or
sow 8ed for early market. Why not
prow nhiips move extensively? Cows
and sheep are fond of them. We are
eating good beef and mutton at a great
To not forget to sow a good rich lot
Sor snring food. One of the mis-
trj J the farmer is want of think
ing ime to prepare.
iWfl' hn Avork and never let the
work psh you. Undertake only what
yon can do in the proper time. Work
tlone too late Is a poor business Do
yon want only 1300 bushels of corn?
Resin now for that next year's crop by
plowjg and getting up food for the
law1 A as to make it on ten acres of
lar" i hot your neighbors see how you
i tavArul talk with them and get their
Ideas, but go only by your own Judg
ment.!:. II. Moore, In the Progressive
"When labor was cheap and methods
e.f utilizing waste products were tr..- j f-ay yon v.
known, tttre was a r?a?on in puiiis j prasa all v
d : b.n.d n. . !
fodder. ,vov there is al'Milutely noil".
'I'll' only thing to I.? raid in lis i.-ivor
is the e.cel!"ui-e ol w ell cured fodder
as stock f d. I-'odder -nliing is hard
work ii ml hoi wo:- . I; must be crowd
ed into a short period of time, for fod
der deteriorates every day after reach
lug its maturity. It must be taken up
promptly, for even a heavy dew on
wilted fodder will injure it. and the
wind labor expended will be lost if a
shower wets it. It Is tlr iseforlh ruined
and worthless. Pulling fodder espe
cially cuts off the yield of corn In
weight. It checks the growth of th'j
plant by removing its lungs, and expos,
ing the atalk before the ear has
ripened. Who would think of pulling
the leaves off his strawberries when
the fruit is just turning? The sain
fanner who puils his fodder complains
bitterly when the caterpillars eat the
leaves off his cotton, ltut the caterpil
lar is doing for his cotton just what
he has done for his emi.
What then, shall the farmer lose his
fodder? P.y no means. The shredder
has solved that problem for the South
At the North where corn Is planted
closely and the stalks are small, they
cut stalk and all and shock it in the
Held, to be hauled In 'ater in the sea
son. After the ears are removed the
remainder, called stover, in:u;es an
excellent food for cattle.
Southern corn grows too large for
that, but the shredder tears it to pieces
so that stalk, fodder at.! rhucks are
turned out ready for the stock to be
gin chewing on at once.
Every farmer win plants fifty acres
in corn will find it economy to have a
Small farmers can either combine to
own one or hire their shredding done.
It will cost less than to pull the fodder
and lose the stalks. Southern Farmer.
Some Vointerg About Clmrnlng.
N. It. M.. of Snowville, Va., writes:
"Will you please, through the columns
of your good paper, tell something to
help me in my churning? I have to
churn so long. I know if anything can
be told to help us there will be many
grateful persons besides myself."
And the Dairy Editor of the Farm
and Home replied:
It is a great pleasure to answer the
pathetic appeal cf this lady, and a
sure cure is warranted, provided the
advice is strictly followed. First, get
you a thermometer; trust nothing to
your fingers or elbow about: tempera
ture. Get you a thermometer that you can
stick into the cream. Now do not let
any part of the -cream be over three
days old in cold weather, or two days
old in hot weather. Keep it as cool
as you can until eight to twelve hours
before churning, then if it Is sweet put
it In an atmosphere of seventy-five de
grees for eight hours. Now you are
ready to churn. Set the cream in cold
water until it comes to the tempera
ture of sixty -tvw degrees, no more
and no less, on your life.
This is going to be hard and provok
ing work the first time you try it,
but you will soon learn, and you will
find that when you have consented
to follow these instructions to the
letter the butter will come between
twenty and thirty minutes to a cer
tainty. Not long ag; I told this to
an intelligent lady, and she said she
tried it. and it did not work. I went
to her home and did just as described
above, and I took the dasher and
pounded away for twenty minutes,
when I stopped and asked her if Ihe
butter had come. She threw back her
pretty head and laughed. "Why." she
says, "it will not come for an hour."
I took off the churn cover, and there
was the batter. The best of it is that
she did it herself next time.
Tfo Feathers Xo 5101111111,7.
Secretary Wilson is trying to produce
a l'eatherless race of chickens for the
warmer parts of the United States. It
has been discovered that the time of
moulting can be reduced from 100 days
io less than' one month, and, in time,
done away with entirely, because hens
will have no feathers to moult. Early
in August stop feeding the chickens
and allow them only enough food to
sustain life fac-two weeks. Then stuff
them with all kinds of food. The
chickens will eat so much and so rap
idly that inside of a week the feathers
will be forced out of the body, which
will be left naked. By the end of one
month they will be covered with new
down and beIn laying again.
lltinody Vor Nut Grnfta.
About the only sure remedy for nut
grass is shading it to death by the
following treatment: Sow the ground
to peas or velvet beans; cut these in
fall and sow to oats; next spring cut
oats for hay and sow peas or beans
again, and follow these with oats in
the fall. Keep up this rotation three
to five years until yon see the grass Is
'l !t!l HANOI KT.
'J le in ,.. h ; , ,., ;,.,.,.
n i i .Ui mil oil u ni, uj,ity z-;;!.
H- i'in Lis tiil.
x 1 I ioot I lie lull
w: !:.! nice I i 1 1 y - i i i 1 ; . - t:t';i!.
AT CLOSE- KANCE.
Mrs. I'pperlon "I had all the con
reli taken out of me yesterday."
Mrs. Nextdooi "Indeed: And whero
did they find room to put all of lt?"
"What Is your idea of a popular
"A popular tune," said the man who
takes music seriously, "is one that gets
to be universally disliked." Washing
DEALElt WAS WISE.
Drown "Why do you want me to
pay in advance? Are you afraid I
won't bring the horse back?"
Liveryman "No, no; not at all. Put
you see the horse might come back
without you." Atlanta Journal.
Ills Wlfe-"Charles, I do think you
sught to give me more of your time."
Her Husband "(live you morel
Why, you take so much of my time
that I couldn't be a second in a duel."
HE KNOWS BETTER.
"Do you know what I'm going to
whip you for?"
"I s'poso I might make a gues-s, hut
I ain't goin' to do It. 'cause I might
guess something you didn't know
about. I ain't t.ikln' no foolish risks
like that, not if I know myself." New
Affrighted, he turned on his pursuer.
"You black thin;, why do you follow
me constantly? What are you?"
"I am your sunshine companion,"
mockingly replied his shadow. Chb
"Here's something that has been
puzzling me." remarked the man who
thinks too deeply.
"If all Mesh Is grass are cannibals
really vegetarlars?" - Philadelphia
NOT LESS DEVOTED.
"You used to sing 'Every morn I
send you violets,' before we were
married," said Mrs. Brlmkin, with a
"Yes," answered Mr. Brlmkin, "bu1
my devotion has taken a more practical
form. Every month I pay the meat
bill." Washington Star.
"I don't see why you should bo so
proud of winning that case," said the
intimate friend. "You were plainly
in the -wrong."
"You . don't understand these things
at nil," answered the lawyer. "That's
the very thing that makes me so
proud." Washington Star.
NO SUCH MAN.
Manager "Strange, there haven't
been any answers to my advertisement
for a clerk."
Proprietor "No wonder. Y'ou made
a mess of that 'ad.' The Ilea of adver
tising for a man of 'average Intelli
gence!' Everybody who Isn't hopelessly
lelow it feels he's far above It."
Phlladelphla Public Ledger.
TASSED IN THE RACE.
"Alas!" said the unhappy woman,
"and we were once considered
wealthy 1" !
"But, my dear," said b-r husband
soothingly, "we have as fn:ch money
as ever." '
"Oh, yes, I know. ? ;:? re are so'
r : r v.-ho have a lot , Uat nobody
: : s any attention to i.o-..ny longer!"
1 m if iV
. ., . . j . . 'U ,v
A V: -'';'v :,4'V'
TEN D EE-II E A RTE1) S A M M Y.
Si xz so tender
QiwTh lilflc 5mmy
When I fhinU hov ct
Ccok b21s Thg
CfJs- If really
makes me cry!
AN AMUSING TOY.
The toy shown in the accompanying
picture ought to be hailed with delight
MoLher Goose Puzzle.
Even the pig, to say nothing of the two little rabbits, would be more fit
pets for these children. Find the anhuals named.
by children, since an animal plays the
most Important role in it; indeed, with
out the animal it would bo an uninter
esting and lifeless affair.
The toy is egg-shaped, and In the up
per part is an animal, which can be
covered if desired. The anmal Is held
In position by a spring, and another
spring comes into play when tho cover
is to be removed. It is evident, there
fore, that the toy in its normal condi
tion looks like an ordinary egg, and
that the child who receives it as a gift
docs not realize what a treasure it has
obtained until the cover slowly disap
pears and the suning little aniiauJ
shows itself. New York World.
FISH TIIAt ARE WELL ARMED.
Two of tho fish at the Aquarium wear
armor aud carry concealed weapons.
As the police ' :.ra vlit the Aqua
rium and no cuy. ' ; h:vve been li'e-a,
the fish have nu, trr'. r-.l in tho
possession cf the: Tl?
' '.. -, '
.-- i ti 'riU V-'-.-viv
are the orange !ih:ish, which are coat
ed with n skl'i that l'ese;nl!"s sand
paper l:i the hitler's most striking
characteristic, and In a hollow on the
top of the back they curry slurp three
cornered tiles. Wh"ii a grudge is to
be .settled the fileilsh literally gets his
back up and viciously tickles the ob
ject of his hatred In the ribs.
The two specimens at the Aquarium
were secured a short time ago in
Cravosctid Bay. The fishermen in the
neighborhood of the bay have other
names for them. "Old sow," "old
maid" and "foolilsh" are some of tin
designations which they apply to them
when they sit over the lire and spin
yarns. The shape of the head and
mouth is responsible for these names.
The mouth opens upward, the lower
jaw protruding beyond the upper.
Crustaceans are the diet of this fish,
and the shape of the mouth and the
sharp teeth within are for catching
and de roying ihls kind of food. Ono
would say. judging from their appear
ance, thai their diet was not well
suited to their needs, for they have a
starved look. The other day a party
of sightseers observed this look.
"Here's a fish trying the starvation
cure." remarked one. turning to his
companions. "There's somethng the
matter with him. Don't you see how
thin he is?" New York Tribune.
THE HOUSE IS THE GARDEN.
Johnny never would have known
anything about it if he had not been
digging dandelions out of the lawn,
when with his weeding fork he opened
such a queer little house.
At first it seemed to be nothing but
a long passage. Johnny pulled out
his knife and cut open the roof. Tho
floor was smooth and clean, although it
was made of earth and the ceiling was
"Where does it all go to, anyway?"
said Johnny, quite excited. He dug
on and on, but there seemed to be no
end. Here and there were other little
passages opening into the long one.
Last of all he came to a little room
with an arched roof. Maybe that was
where the little miner lived.
"I wish I knew what sort of a fel
low made it." said Johnny musingly.
' While he was wondering tho ground
began to move and rise. You see the
master of the house was not a bt dis
couraged. When he found his home
In ruins he began at once io dig out
"Now, if I can only catch him," whis
pered Johnny to himself. He put in
his knife carefully, not to hurt the
busy little miner, and tumbled him out
into the sunshine.
What a funny fellow he was. lie
was dressed from head to foot in the
j softlest, silkiest fur you ever saw; and
i h's rosy-colored hands were not a bit
like the grimy lists of the coal miners
that Johnny saw once. He was almost
blind. Iudeod, Johnny thought he had
no eyes at all, but he was strong and
! sturdy for all that.
Johnny carried hlin home for a pet.
Mr. Mole, however, did not enjoy life
above ground, so he was taken back to
I the garden, where he could enjoy his
j digging and delving. Washington
lj ir.; can hop? to b hippilj
.-ried unless he is a i,ood UsUTer.