Newspaper Page Text
tm: . TO THE END.
J. H. Kennedy.
Oh, Hir, nrlfl rirer, go on and go by
Go on and go down, OU the voice at tha
And the wbito lips of rarf and the hands ot
And tho might of the deep whme grea;
Beach out and give welcome to thee!
fmlr. . 1 J J i .
uiu, iwnii me, Ko on ana go Dyi
On and sro down tn atom it v
And welcome thy end as the river is lost
Where the wrecks lie thick and the dead ara
On the limitless waste of tho seal
HOW NIAGARA CAME ABOUT.
Flret Attercpt In 1607
Work Thr. Fenny Magazine,
An interesting book, "The Pictorial
Press: Its Origin and Progress," has
just been issued in London, and is a
volume full of ourious information and
quaint illustrations. From, this it ap
pears that the effort to illustrate im
portant or special current events was
much earlier made than many may be
aware who have been impressed by tho
recent practice of some newspapers pub
lishing cuts of persons and things de
scribed. Tho first uttemnt to illustrate
the news of the day seems to have been
made in 1007, when a tract on "Wofull
News from Wales" curionsly illustrated
a Hood that occurred in Monmouth
shire. Another tract in the same year,
pictures floods in Somersetshire and
There were others, in 1612 and 1613,
illustrating, among other things, tho
burning of Tiverton and "The Wonders
of this Windio Winter." Favorite sub
jects with those early wood-cutters were
murders, battles, and floods, with now
and then a supernatural flight, whether
of ghost or meteor. There were somo
Very good cuts In 1641 and 1C43, ono
or two being accounted, worthy the
pages of a modern illustrated
paper. The first paper that at
tempted regularly to illustrate features
of its news was Tho Morcurius Civicus,
published in London during the civil
war. War maps were published in
Sapers as early as 1701, when The Lon
on Post gave an outline drawing of the
seat of war in Italy, and in 1746 Tho
Dublin Journal gave a pian of the battle
ofCulloden. A sun eclipse was given
in Parker's London News in 1724, but
there was little progress made in the art
during the century.
There were occasional copper-plate de
signs in The Gentleman's Magazine, but
they were inferior. Wood engraving
had become almost extinct at the end of
the eighteenth century, but was revived
by Berwick, and with the establishment
of The Observer came the "pioneer of
modern illustrated journalism." The
Times, however, in 1806 published an
engraving of Nelson's funeral car, and
in 1817 the picture of an ideal manu
facturing village. In 1815 The Observer
save a view of at. Helena in coppor-
plate, and did nothing more for three
years, when it gave the pioture of a man
notable for being the last appellant to
the- "Assise of Battle" in England.
The Penny Magazine was established,
and in 1832 had a weekly circulation of
200,000 copies, chiefly gained by its ad
mirable engraving of works of art. A3
an outcome of all these seeds of illustra
tion ins Lonaon illustrated Mows was
issued in 1842. It first appeared May
14, with sixteen pages and thirty-two
wood-cuts, among them the burning of
Hamburg ana a portrait or tne queen.
It success was immediate, and it has
ever since continued to the great fortune
of its founder, Herbert Ingram, of Not
tingham. From that illustrated journal
ism rapidly grew into an independent
profession, and is now literally at the
height of an art resident the world over.
Queer Idea of Oar Country.
Munich Cor. Texas Sitting.
Some of the people here have queor
ideas about the dimensions of America.
They seem to imagine it a mere hamlet.
They fanoy that all tho people in the
United States live within a few miles of
each other, aro personally acquainted,
and know all about each other's private
affairs, which is not the case. At a rail
road station near Frankfort, a man
dressed as a peasant took mo off to ouc
side and spoke to me earnestly and feel
ingly in German. I coincided with him
in every particular, not understanding a
word he said. I told him in English all
about the late presidential election, and
we were getting along finely when one
of the German passengers who came
over with me on the steamboat, and
who understood languages, acted as in
terpreter. My new acquaintance, it
seems, was not talking politics at all.
What he wanted to know was how his
brother was coming on, how many
children he had. etc. I replied that i
didn't know; that I hoped for tho bost.
but 1 really didn't know that he had
any brother in the United States.
"Ain't you from America?" he asked
through the mterpcier, looning verj
' I replied that sucli was the case.
"Then how is it that yo;i don't know
my brother; he is a baker in San Fran
The man actually believed that 1
could not help knowing his brother, bo
cause he was in the United States. He
seemed to think that America was about
the size of a German village, and that
bit brother was the only baker in the
place. Itwaa impossible to convince
him that his brother and myself had not
slept in tho same bed. He went oil
There are some people here, however,
who appreciate the size of America. A
gentleman, who had studied the map,
was of the opinion that Columbus did
not deserve any credit for discovering
America, as he could not have sailed
past it without seeing it. an large was
iTlnhrt, all he had to do was tc
keep right on, and then he couldn't help
running into it
The Curious Story That la Told By a
Cor. Buffalo Courier.
Dr. Julius Polilman, a local geologist
at Niagara Falls, gives the following
theory of Low the present cataract uamo
into existence: "In tracing the origin
of this river. ' 1 he said, "we must go away
back into the pre-glacial times, when the
bed of the great lakes was occupied by a
river, and Tonawanda valley contained a
lake fifty miles in length and from ten
to twelves miles in width, with a possi
ble maximum depth of sixty feet. Tho
northern barrier of the lake was of lime
stone formation. Being about fifty feet
lower than the southern one, the over
flow of water was toward tho Ontario
valley. The outlet found its way into
the present channel of the Niagara river
somewhere near tho upper rapids of the
river above the falls. From hero the
waters met no obstacle, and in their
flow predetermined tlio river gorge be
tween the falls and tho whirlpool, and
continued in a straight course north
through the side of the whirlpool, and
thenco through the valley of St. David's,
in Canada, and onward through the
1 have made careful SNtrcnes and
find this track of tho rivr from the
whirlpool through Canada. Bv and bv
tho lonawanda lake began to subside,
and finally was reduced to a river with
a wide, low valley on each side. The
course of the river in making its way
out of the valley of tho ancient lake
changed. It flowed into the channel of
the present Niagara, where tho present
Tonawanda river enters now. It curved
around the southern margin of Grand
island which formed a shallow part of
the northern margin of tho lake, and
had risen as a peninsula in tho course of
time and then flowed north into the
original channel of the outlet, thus de
termining tho two branches of tho
present river. That branch of tho Niag
ara river which separates tho island
from the main land is of quite modern
origin, as testified to by soundings.
Well, the erosion across the .thin bed of
Niagara limestone naturally cut one or
the other parts of tne outlet deeper
than the rest, and, confining the smaller
channels, gave birth to a number of
larger and smaller islands, known at
present as Goat, Bath, Luna, the Sisters,
The branches of the river joined
again into one stream as thev ap
proached the heavy Niagara limestone
at about the site of the new suspension
or foot bridge, and rushed north foi
about three-quarters of a mile, where
they fell over a precipice of over 100
teet. lioat island extended northwest
erly in a triangular prolongation, with
its apex somewhere abreast of the
northern end of the present American
fall. Below this fall of 100 feet, that I
have just spoken of, the river de
scended in rapids over shale until it en
countered the Clinton limestone near
the railway suspension bridge, where it
took another leap, irom here a short
rapid carried it to the entrance of the
whirlpool, where another fall was caused
by quartzose sandstone of the Medina
group. Thence there was a rapid cur
rent to Ontario basin. The volume of
water then was exceedingly small as
compared with the estimated 20,000,000
cubic feet a minute of the present.
Now, at the time of tho glacial period
the movement of the ice sheet was in a
northwesterly direction. The ohannel
of the great river which I remarked
about in the beginniug was excavated
deeply, and the valley of the geat lakes
was formed. When tho Arctic region
again changed into a temperate one, the
ice sheet retreated northward, and in
melting spread over all tho land the
ground-up material, as well as the rocks
which had been caught up and
carried under, and tho valleys
of St. David's, Tonawanda and other
were more or less completely filled up
with drift. The channel of the old Ton
awanda river from the whirlpool was
also included in the filling process
After long ages the ice disappeared, and
the bed it bad occupied became the seal
of a chain of great lakes. At this time
lakes Eric and Ontario formed two large
bodies of water and were at the same
level- that is, their surfaces were even
with Lewiston heights. The waters in
tho lakes began to subside, and a mud
Hat appeared between them, extending
from Buffalo to Lewision. An outlet
from Lake Erie was formed through t hi.-,
flat, and we have the present Niagara
Population of Blount County, census
of 1880: 15,935.
High Sheriff M. H. Edmondson.
Deputy Sheriffs Chae. H. Logan, J. M.
Armstrong. W.O. McButh. G. A.
King, John 'Gnddnnl, D.N. Bond.
Trustee James A. Goddanl.
Register J. N.Badgetr.
Notary Publlt T. N. Brown.
Coroner T. N. Brown.
Surveyor Claiboino George.
Superintendent of Public Instruction
Fish Commissioner XV. H. Kirk.
Commissioner of Weights and Measures
T. N. Brown.
Circuit Court Hon. S. A. Rodger,
Judge; W. C. Chumlen, Clerk, Court
meets the fourth Monday in January,
May and September.
Chancery Court Hon. XV. B. Staley,
Chancellor; J. T. Gamble, C. & M.
C. 4 M. Court meets second Monday
in June and December.
County Court 8. L. Greer, Chairman;
J. M. Goddard, Vice-chairman; Ben.
Cunningham Clerk. Quarterly terms,
first Mondays in January April July
and October. Quorum session first
Mondays in each month.
HOUSE FOR SALE.
Two-story Brick House
For Sale Very Cheap,
Agrees, Wrtx A. McTxkb,
im mm Msryville.Tena.
- watch and Clock Repaid- X
f- JVet Olllcf ,MAHV V H.LE,TlfiNN H
Mr, and Mrs. Baker respect
fully invite the attention of the
public to their LUNCH-ROOM.
Good Meals, 25 cents; Fresh
OYSTERS 25 cents per dish.
Day board $2.50 per week; also
Fresh BREAD, CAKES, PIES,
etc, constantly on hand.
H. G. AMBRISTER.
Done to order. All persons wanting
work done will please give II. ft. Am
brlstcr a trial, for he is flrst-class work,
man and cheaui-r than any ore.
.atW ! i. rriu ' ;'S
W. H. KIRK,
Jewelry and Sport
ing Goods. Any
Orders For Fine
or Jewelry Prompt
JTM A :L
GREER, WELLS & CO.,
House Furnishing Goods5
COOKING STOVES HEATING STOVES,
TINWARE. & C .
Agents for ECHOL'S LONG-EVE GUTTER.
Jlp All kinds of Tin and Sheet Iron work done to order.ffif
Roofing and Guttering a specialty. The best materials used
for our work. All work guaranteed.
Shop in old Post Office Building.
WANT WOOL TO MANUFACTURE INTO-
Satinet, ksj, Ml, Ml; id to.
Spinning1 and Weaving a Specialty.
Having added new and improved machinery, we are enabled to rrake bettor Oonds
than ever before. Will Card, Spin and Hunk your Wool tit 12 cents per pound e
furnishing oil. Other work at similar low rates. All markemhle Produce taken in
payment for work, and hope to give satisfaction fJuurautee good work.
W,T. PARHAM, Maryville.Tenn.
CHEAP CASH GROCERS!
Keep first-class stock of
KPAIRSA SPECIALTY AND
StvTTtON GUA RANTEED
Frtendxivllle. Blomtot ., Tenm
8. tt. IIADI.EY, B. Ph.
Adkxink IIapuiy, lot Assistant.
Fatality of CM
M Dubois, of Paris, finds that chloro
form acta with extraordinary rapidity os
criminate after the introduction of alco
hol into the system, and terminates ii
death with startling abruptness. TtiK
discovery may form a clew to the fatal
ity of chloroform in some oases.
China ia, the largest consumer of pis
tin. It te chiedy used for the manu
factore of idols.
Applications of Luminous Paint.
London Engineering Times.
Luminous paint continues to mak
slow but steady progress in its applica
tion to innumerable useful purposes
Among its most recent applications may
be mentioned tapes for field use at
night by the royal engineers' depart
ment, starting from a given point
toward the front, the men leave a trail
of luminous tape on their track, and on
reaching a given point they mark the
contour of the earthworks to be executed
by the same means, paying out the tape
as they return toward the camp. The
working party then follow the outward
trail, execute the work, and return to
camp without having discovered a single
ray of light to the enemy.
The German war office authorities have
experimented with tho paint for pur
poses of night attack, and Lieut. Deppe,
of the Belgian school of gunnery, is in
vestigating ita merits in the same
direction. Our own government are
also using p tinted framed glasses, or
Aladdin's lamps, as they are called, for
internal boiler inspections. Oen. Lord
Wolseley also took with him a luminous
compass for the Nile expedition. It has
also, been applied in some large estab
lishments to the fire buckets, which arc
thus easily found in the dark. A South
eastern railway third-class carriage has
the interior lined with tho paint on the
bach of glass.
Aa Enormous Strut-tars.
I New Orleans Letter. ,
The Centennial main hall at Philadel
phia was considered an enormous struct
ure, but it is said the Centennial build
inrs all together could be easily stored
away in the main hall in New Orleans,
which covers between thirty and forty
As celerv is known to be beneficial
for nervousness, it is now claimed bv
those professing a fair trial that cran
berries assist injuring dyspepsia.
This desirable institution was fouaded
in 1852, and has been successful in its de
sign and course of study. It has many
advantages which ought tc determine the
question of parents in asking, where
liall I tend niv children to obtain a
good practical religious education.
Send for a catalogue or eircular to
P. R. LEE, l'KHSIBBNT.
JAMES F. HEALS, Skcrktaky.
Academic, 1st year,
" 4h "
Academic, 1st year,
n 2d '
" 3d "
Instrumental at reasonable rates.
Tuition must be paid each term.
Fall Term Sept. 15, 188414 weeks
Winter and Sprng2
$1.00 per moat a
1.00 per month.
25c. per teem.
and a general assortment of
GOOD PANTS, $1.25.
OVERLLS, 50 cts. to 1.26.
Coau &&d ae, ud we will do
good, ud yen nEtannouy
I have opened a shop and will do every
tnlng in the Tailoring line at reasona
ble prices. Cutting Men's Coats, Jean .
SO, rasshnere, 60, Men's Pants, Jeans'
35, Cassimere, 35, Vests, 25, and Boys,
in proportion, bring on your work and
have it done cheap by an old experienced
Shirt Charts f jt ?ale.
W. 0, NEWBY
HE INVITES EVERYBODY
TO CALL ON HIM FOR THIk
GOODS IN HIS LINE.
HIS TAKES ALL KINDS OF
COUNTRY PRODUCE AND
FLOORING AND SIDING, I
Scroll Rawing and Turning,
Having recently added Steam PoW to our business, we are
prepared to do more and better work than heretofore.
bave money and.get good honest work and thus encourage lOttl
(EfCash Paid for Saw Logs.JJ
LUMBER SAWED TO ORDER.
B. F. W1LLARD & SON
J. L. HACKNEY & SONS
DEALERS AND MANUFACTURERS OF FIRST-CLASS
MEAL, AND FEED
LUMBER OF ALL KINDS
SEASONED FLOORING AND CEILING A SPECIALTY
nmm m mmm
DOXE TO ORDER.
PLASTERING LATHE AND LUMBER AT LESS THAN
Call and See TJm.
D. 3. HAYM5S,
If. C. WEBB.
D. M. HAYNES & CO.,
Manufacturers of and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Bridles Collars, &c9
W 31, WEST OF MARKET SQUARE. KNOXVILLE
FOR THE SAME
SADDLE & SADDLE SHOP.
1 have purchased fhe Saddle ft Harness Shop of Alexander
Bros., and expect to keep on bund an assort meet of Saddles,
Harness, Collars, Whips, &c. Also Bed-Spring?, Bee Hives,
Smokers, kc. Give me a call. One door north of harbor shop.
S. H, KIIHCART.