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au s. H.j ^g^iUW' JfoiWtaJwr..
fc WM.te Earth Agency, Minn.
voted tp the i interests of the
eral Northwestern News. Publish^
ed and i managed *hy member of
Subscription rates: $L50 iper
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ifqr thfi paper year*ly or who wish
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imoy be sent us for six and *thiee
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ssums^ent to us should be forward
ed by registered letter to .injure
safety. .Address, .all commumea-
WHITE EARTH,, .MINN.
100,000 jacires of first Class farm
Uands'on White Eaith Reservittion, in
ttvacts 0 .acnes and mone, Iby
^LLOTTEES INDIAN PfiOTEGTIVE Assotiatfcn
Washington a G.
B*n1 B. Henderson, \Wy*
Indian ckioaf ^ain&t tSbe Unit*-
ed States a "S^ecialitsr.^ -I
^*r R. i MURa90iC*^w
ATrtHSNfEY AT LAW.*
LATE LAW CLERK, LAND
DIVISION, INDIAN OFFICE.
DEPARTMENT PRAC1WE A
LOAK X1ST) TBUST BLD'G.
White I^trth, Minn.
The Largest and ftost
Commodious Hotel oit
^Fabte always bountifully supplied
with everything that the market
affords, including game and
fish rin season*
A large and.comfortable,Feed and
Livery stable \n connection
JOHN LEECY Prop.
Market price paid for Ginaing
Snake Boot and Furs.
Orders for pure Maple-Syrup,
and wild rice promptly attended
to. BEAULIEU MINN.
*6 months fet
& S *a^3a&^^
COURT OF INDIAN QFFBNSES
Theyjre Not a Branch of the Judiciary
lit the Uiited States.
The United States courts have
held that "TheCoutt of Indian
5Jidt the constitu-
tional courts provided for &eci
tion 1, article 3, of the Constitu
tion, ibitt are merely educational
and disciplinary instrumentalities
by which the Government is en
deavoring* to improve and elevatef
the conditionrof these tribes."
This acknoAvledgemeilt by the,
courts that the Jndian court-s arel
^'merely educational and disciphn-'
ary instrumentalities" imakes it,
apparent that none of the decree*
of the JiidFan court on this reser
vation can be enforced, and that
they have in fact no legal status.
Noon recognizes the necessity of
some system discipline among
the Indians more .than the TOMA
HAWK, but (the ^agency .through
whirfh'tlhis^wcipUne should en
forced nrosrt be sudh as*wfflvbe
htfid rthe Jaws. It is a travesty
for the reservation cour-ts to at
tempt te 6kei?ei8e he tfatictions ofI
legally estrffeli^hed courts while
t^iey "have rw landing under any
'authority dE^mr. We are in need
of the enactent of such laws as
will enable the 'Indian cour't to
enforce its decrees audi preserve]
law and order. The gtfVefftimenii
ba destroyed our tribal laws and|
hasmt rejplaced them with, any
witioTOtl cde uM fta#s. 'We are
mem go\iere41 A -lot of "depart-
'mental wales w'htch 'are, a ma
jority (if cases not lawful ndjij,i
%a^ o^en to q\iestkf Altfeongh
We *Te fieW citfeens We are prac
tically placed outside of the a!e
of state laws, and Ave Aave no
otl*er recognized laws to
8 except "the right of i4i^:^t,'
whick 5is seldom jusbi&able *id al-
waj^-s Wrong. What W4- need -at
the present time is "code of laws'
which can be enforced by the
authorities without Violating the
rights to which every person is
entitled* #d under which these
rights witt be protected, li our
citizenship Aoeft-no give ike St*tej
courts of Minnesota Jurisdiction
over wekould appeal to Oori
gress to pltss code of law^ to
regulate Indian reservations^
In lSS^'Benatwr Morgan intro
duced a bill the United Stated
senate which provided that the
judges of Indian courts be em
powered to exercise ^lie functions
of magistrate^ and to permit
them to comttvit for,trkl or admit
to bail persdirsaccuse of jrime
and to have the power to try mis
demeanors and impose fines and
jail sentences in this class of cases,
to have civil jurisdiction overfull
suits growing out of contracts on
Indian reservations, express or
implied, and for the recovery of
personal property, where the sum
in controversy would not exceed
five hundred dollars.
It was also provided that In all
cases the parties to a sak, or
against whom criminal proceed
ings were commenced, would be
entitled to a jury trial.
Had this bill passed Congress
many of the vexatious questions
that are constantly arising could
have been settled definately the
violations of law punished, and the
reinstatement of- order upon this
reservation could have been se
cured without resort to arbitrary
and unlawful commitments.
Reservation public sentiment is
in favor of preserving law and
order, but this can be obtained
only through laws passed by the
proper legislative authority.
Grand Aboriginal tJarade
-f X* li-Vr
,1'tMltH Mow ftrtfcfc"
War, scatpi, skull and pipe dane^ Si*ix^**BA 0$&$svfk braves,,i
"^and also the shawanoigah dance fty en atrd Women.
JlOWEftY DANCES ALL AFWft'-S'O&N ANi NIGHT.
Aiple provisions for r^fft^^lHtteWh 'all 'toVar the grounds
haV^o Wen BWidfce.
THE GOVENOR Of MINNESOTA.
The^jrovenor of Minnesota, SamUel R. Van Sant, witt he o'i'jr
guest next week, and this will be an e\ent of unusual importance to
Next to the President of the United $tato* 'there 'is no person oi
more importance to the Indian mufcl thatt Dfr G-,dah-kay-o-gin\a^
Pilo chi'ef) of a state.
FormeV^v the Chippewa's used te aiip^l fco go\ ernors of this
Hate whenever they had any trouble^ aYA\ ^cidtAtt without avail.
It is unnecessary to suggest that wehy MKA^er of the re^eWa-
shottid do honor tolhe chief executive ttf tliis "state because We kho\V
tWt they will do^b but we should follow the Customs of our fore-
fathers who^ Whenever a inan of rank, vWti^ them either adopted him
or gave him a name. We should do'drteor both. If either eferemony
should take place, we should make it oro of the most imposing of the
first day of the celebration*
Ciovenor Van Sant is now a Red-Man* and as he certainly would
not object to having and Indian name by which the Chippewas would
always know him, we should at least give him a name-.
INDAIN BOYS AND GIRLS AS MUSICIANS,
BAND dF CHIPPEWAS FnDM WHITE EARTH RESERVATION, LEAD BY FULL-
BLOOD MUNCIE, ABLY HOLD UP ITS END WITH METRO-
POLITAN PROFESSIONALS DURING PARADE.
A unique feature of the parade of bands yesterday was the Indian
band from the White Earth boarding school at the White Earth In-
dian Agency, Composed of boys and girls, ranging In age fftmi 12 to
18 years. The band attracted much attention along the lihe of march
and the applause they elicited greatly pleased the superintendent of
the school, O. H. Lipps, who accompanied the band On its Visit to the
The band is composed of twenty-ttf pupils but ohly eighteen
visited Minneapolis. There are seven girls, from 14 to 18 yea*rt of age,
who played the lighter instruments. The youhgest member of the
band is 12 years old. The boys and girls are Chippewa Indians. Some
of them are full blood others are mixed with French.
Their leader is N. B. Herr, a full blood Muncie Indian, and a
graduate of the Haskell Institute. The band has been organised for
a year and a half. Its library consists of many up-to-date selections
played by the larger bands today and the numbers were well rendered.
It will hardly arouse jealousy to say that the White Earth Indian
school band was the most interesting* in the parade.The Minneapolis
#AHf^SmP^KiRCOUNTV, MINNESOTA THURSDAY JUN E 11, 1903. NO 10,
AHhe White EarthIft&an Aganayyon JuiwW *'M.
AR 'AND ISloH *&K\<*tS(, To-GETHfclt.
Program o'f 4he ta 'WM be as fdlltfws:
firing of Federal salute at Sunrise.
^Exercise^ will commence at eight O'clock.
by'Indian warrjor-. in the?r cbstnihe^ andl
gaily decorated ponies, repiesenting the Jmtorttf*. *C 'the 'pa^t.
PEACE MEETING between the 81WJX rfhd-CTllPPEWAS.
Parade of the sdriioi-s of the first ar-rivals on thiw resor\at*on in
1868. Parade o-l the sunisors '4he ^e&^rH'&tidn "representing
the Indian oi today, with music by the White 'Earth School Band
dud by the White Earth 'CornA &ahd.
Speechas A l\M 'StM
O^&A'W&S: Hoh. S. R. Van S.ut,l of Minnwota, Hon
W. Fones, Lieut, (iw ertoi oi Minnesota, Hon. C1onde
Hamlin, fihagaging editor of the Pioneer-Press, Hon.
M. J. I&tly of Perham, Chieft Mesha-ke-geshig, Joseph
(^harrette, and others.
Lacross by Indians. Pony races. r'
id i linn fci nJbJMtM^U
wdia* fKi \&o*t.
WHITJE fARTH RfSEBVATION
SHOULD BE A COUNTY,
The dale cf inherited Indian
lands is the first step towards
opening this reservation to the
whites, ^ore than seventy five
thousand acres ot this class of land
on this reservation is available for
sttlv mhdttr ithe |aw passed last
y%r to .pejjmit 'the heirs of de
ceasd -allottees to^sell the allot
ments of these decedents. And as
soon as these lands are sold theyt
\ull become taxable, and be en-]
tirely removed "tfrom the restrict
tions which rtpph to 'Other 'lands'
on this reservatidh. *P6r instance,)
any person *who 'hia-y be located
upon a bntet *6f 'tend Hvhich has'
betfti^dld'ks'inht'it^l Indian land,|
ehgkge'in any business with-
out being "s'tibjfedted to the same
r^Crlctfotts its his neighbor who
is living upon an adjoining allot
ment which has not been alienated.
But this condition woidd not long
continue to exist without havingi
a detrimental eflect upon the In
dians, who woulfl bo Wiiiick *to ob-i
serve the disadvantages that theyi
would ha\ to 'coflterifl WJfch, and
Mrs Hvduld create a sen'trmentj
amongst them which might 'cause1
them to tirge npVn the goVern-1
merit a ni6re liberal policy Awards
tnern than it is noW ummg.
4+thy ^Itoirld *hb Successful in(
ha^hg ^ome iA the restrictions!
'rjrtsex'l taiatton might aifio 'comeJ
srMl a 'de1=fiVe on the part of the
Ipeople '6n %he f*,vs^T\adon
nty\shou'l igitated\ and not
deferred too long.
Hie importance of haVing a
Elevate cmwfry niay not re
cognised-, of it nA.,v take some
time to learn whether it would be
borreficial to ui\ or feasible, but
11 %W e\*nt it slfould be discusser
tM V^^VrfAeVed by some bf thci
h^fh'i*s Vit this reservatiUh.
ILW Indian Right and Wrong.
ar"We hold these HuVhs to be self-
eMrient: that \il irfiN ftie'tleated
etiual that they arctttdbWed bi their
Ciea.tX)i vvUh \jeitftln umil(enable
rights^ that among these, .no LIFK,
MUFK^y, AND TUB PtritSUIT OK IIAP
riNfess!'liebftiiatioii of ltid(H)endence
All HISTORICAL LETTED.
Wfe pilWUh tl# folhwln letter
as it Will l*e olf hlstoFicft} interest
at ^his tinuS **ince it lieats bix
thrs^reservation to soniv tttfent
Notwithstanding Mh Bcaufieu's
rear as expressed in the following
letter^ a tre&t.V Was coWmimnted as
soon as Hole-in-the-doy fecovered.
Washington City, D. C.
-April 2th,- 1H4:
The l^ed Lake i?eaty was
aOrt1plirthed and hy the provi
sions tlw treaty ydtt will tintice
that the policy of the Govern
ment towards the tribes and trad
ers is Very much changed. Of
course Robert wrttte you all the
news on the subject. The pro
ject for a new treaty with the
Mississippi Chippewas was in pro
gress, and everything bid fair for
as good a treaty with Hole-in-the
day as was ever made on behalf of
the Indians, when in an evil hour,
last evening, he commenced drink
ing some whiskey that was pre-
seperate ourrty. This may not
be "easily ^ecui^ed, for when we
*becoYne tax payers the countiesi
within which this reservation is!
situated may not be so wafting to
part with us aft t)hcV Wow aVe-, but
jvpukl want us to aswst Wi paying
thA float 'titobti* In \5ew 'of this'
sented to him by Hon. Clay-SmitbJ
of Kentucky, with Kah-gun-nah:
Wftub, his right hand man. And
when he got drunk and noisy the
young Pillager tried to keep him i
quiet, and Hole-in-the-day took)
out a jack-knife and cut the for
mer's n&$edn twp places and once
on one of his cheeks. He then
came to my room, and I tried tq
check the blood,'but 'not being
able to do this I starte'd for a
doctor, and had 'not gone outside
when I heard'two pistol shots in
the 'Hiding room hall. Fearing
that there might be further trou
ble between the two drunken men*
I immediately ran upstairs and
there saw the Pillager* holding
Hole-in-the-day by the arm, and
trying to place the muzzle of ft
revolver near the latter's heart/
Before could reach them he shw
Hot^-in-the-day in the back of thA
neck the bullet passed completely^
through and came out of the laV"
ter\ mouth, but did not injure the*
tongue any and loosened only *orief
tooth. We were all Vn a feVer olf*
excite*hient, and petfjife M\Mre run^
ning from Uhe scVnV foh* fear of be*
ing slftftr. w*
I rushed on tfi'em just in tmfe
save Holo-in-th'c-day from being:
shot through the body, for wife*
the Pillager pulled the trigger of
his Molxer my tf.Vimb was be*
tween'the^nbe litficl *the hamnffter,
and 'it did not expWde.
I \\rYsted the ptatol from the*
Indian', and immediately went for*
medical assistance. Messrs. A. S.
II. White and Mix came down an
gave instructions to have Hole-in
the-day sent to the hospital, from
which placVwehau* just returned.
The wVWnd -is prVMwrrced 'danger?
ous 'aVid* ^s'tenCnaM'stobn^
agafpst nj?s tftW ery iWd 'the Mis-
sissjpiM trt*^' 5s wMcafed" kitd
antorn* Of all Va"r for Vreatie*
this beats them air. We lire all
doorm^'to d^iplimHtinbrit. Sittcfc
the lteVi iwke deligjitiori left
we have had cnteiUerahle" Ii,opt,ol*hew
making a trWt.V bllt it MM oYe'
now. Tlark Thompson Will arrive
here from Nvw York tomorrow^
with ComnmsirMev \Me add thVtt
I Muppose Will be rtrtlerbd
YWfcpftlay ^e sa^ir ihv greatest
sight b'vvr bel^hl: the WlfoVe of
the Ittii, army cor0 pa^ iHrbu^tt
th^ city with tW VM fftiymf?
cblors fty fnfc SHns glitu-rtng, itf
chiding in nil ^irxt.V th?n*rfirt m$S?
The President a ith General
Burnside, the commandihg ofljeer"
of the coips, stood on the balcony*
of the tl illard Hotl saluting
the regiments as they passer!
by? The ^cenf ftas ftery imr
Mr. Johnson, Peter Hoy an$
ni.\ st'lV an* in good healthy but der
^n^sffl in S^ritsr Mi^ttra-da6
is well also.
Yoltr affectionate brother?l
PAVI. H. BKAI MKT
Tr C. H iiKiut.iurv
row Wfhg, Minn:
T0 REPRESENT CARDINAL
Very Kev. H (ifthss supefv
intendentof the Catholic Indi'rftf
missioh schools) tf. B. A. ha* oeeff
dehgate"d hy His Eminence CWrdt3
nal Gibbons Baltimore* MdT t9
represent him at the Coming "Ifls
dlan Congress" at White rkrthlr
Minn.,on June 15th and 16th,1908r
The Kev. Gentleman is expect^
to arrive from Washington, U.
on Friday or Saturday and during
his stay on the reservation will be
the guest of Rev. Father Aloysius,
O. S. B.
ix^ ^Sl ai