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White Earth Agency, Mint].
E^~A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER de
interests of the
-$V3iite E^th Reservation and.gen-,
^eral Nprtjiwestern,$ifews. Publish
and managed by members of
Subscription rates: $1.30 per
^annnm.' Fcjr the convenience of
tthdse who may feel unable to pay
^!or the paper yearly or who wish
$o take -.it on tifial, subseription
jjnay be-sent us for -six and three
vmonths ,at-4he yearly rates,, AM
^urasieht to us should be forward:
*ed by registered letter to insure
jgafety, .Address atf .Qeminumca
WHITE EARTH, MINH.
100,000 jftcres -of first class farm
flands on White Earth Keservation, in
^raet4 ol 80,- .acres and more, by
&LLOTTBES.. INDIAN PROTECTIVE Association
200 Bond Building
Washington ft, C.
Dait'l B. Henderson, Att'y.
Indian claims against the Unit-
ed States a speciality.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
LATE LAW CLERK. LAND
PIVISION, INDIAN OFFICE.
DEPARTMENT PRACTICE A
LOAN AKD TRUST BLD'Gr
WASHINGTON D. C.
White Earth, Minn.
The Largest and Host
Commodious Hotel on
.*Table always bountifully supplied
with everything that the market
affords, including game and
fish in season.
A large and comfortable, Feed and
Livery stable in connection
JOHN LEECY Prop.
Market price paid for Ginsing
Snake Root and Furs,
Orders for pure Maple-Syrup,
and wild rice promptly attended
"t he Tomahawk,"
3 months 40 Cents
6 months 75 Cents
1 Defective Page
ii ii i i 1
Brief History of Events Which Lead to
Under a misappoehension whicn
extended among the Pillager Chip
pewai=f, Hole-in-the-day, the cele-5
brated chief, forfeited his life,
Without going into the details of thej
causes which led to the uprising among
the Chippewas in 1862, we will merely]
=tate that there was sufficient jwovoca
tion in the minds of'the'Indians to en
able the late celebrated chief. Hole-in
ihe-day, to induce them to take up arms
against the government. I
Although Hole-in-the-Day has always
been charged wftrThguig the "instigator of
the uprising, it is certain that he did not.
commence hostilities until an attempt
was made by army officers 'to arresi
The "first intimation the public got thatj
the Chippewas contemplated an outbreak'
was when "Lieut. Forbes, now a resi
dent of Albert Lea, with a squad of sol
diers, made an attempt to arrest Hole-
in-the-day at the old village of Crow
But the writer hereof, who was then
a bey of nine years of age, met Hole
in-the-day and his escort or brave,
Quayse-good, a short distance from the
village, and upon being questioned by
the chief, told him. that the soldiers
were at Crow Wing. Quay-se-good had
proceeded on his way without stopping.
and when Hole-in-the-day got through
conversing with us. he went to the hill
overlooking the village, and from there
saw the soldiers arresting the former.
But the soldiers also got sight of him,
and immediately started in pursuit of
him. He took a trail near the river
which led to his house, and which mad*,
the distance nearlv one mile nearer than
by the wagon road, and he succeeded in
reaching home, and removing his fam
ily to a place of safety before the sol
diers arrived there. When the latter
got to the house they saw Hole-in-the
day crossing the Mississippi river in his
private ferr boat. They rushed to the
river bank and got there just as the boat
touched the opposite shore. Lieut.
Forbes ordered him to stop, but paying
no attention to this, the soldiers were
ordered to fire at him, which they did
Hole-in-the-day drew his revolver
and returned the shots, gave a war
whoop, and disappeared over a hill
Within a month after that he returned to
C. H. Beaulieu, who took an
active part to suppress the out
break, and induced the Mille LAC
Indians to come to Ft. Ripley in
'.White Clound, who was one of
the chiefs that made the treaty of
.*'tl*Uth before PftVOf."
Crow Wing with a Jarge force
braves, and surrounded the town.
The commissioner of Indian affairs,
pre located, with the view of being con-i
This treaty, which ,\vas made at'
Washington, by the cbW of the sev
eral bands of Chippewas in Minnesota.?
caused so much dissatisfaction among'
the Indians that another delegation went
to Washington in i&r4
in making another treaty on May 7 of
that year, which gre.itly increased the
size of the reservation set aside by the
treaty of the prexious year. Several
years after the treaty of 1864, it wa|
found tnat the Mississippi reservation
was not adapted to iarming purposes,
and in 1867, Hole-in-the-day was author
ized by his band to proceed to Wash
ington and there negotiate another trea
ty. On March 19. 1867. the treaty set
ting aside thirty-six townships of land,
so as to include the White Earth and
Wild Rice lakes, was concluded.
No definite boundaries being fixed by
the treaty, Hole-in-the-day, Major Joel
B. Bassett, who was then the United
States Indian agent for the Chippewas,
and Paul H. Beaulien, selected the res
ervation and fixed, approximately, the
boundary lines thereof. The wisdom of
this selection can never be questioned,
since the reservation is now considered
the garden spot of Minnesota.
Assassination of Hole-in-the-day.
The Pillager Chippewas of Leech
Lake, however, sgot the impression that
they had been over-reached in the mat
ter of the treaty of 1867, and held Hole
in-the-day responsible for it.
|BV *ZrJ "Z2Zi
Peter Roy, who acted an one of
the interpreters gf the treaty of
The ill-feeling on this account was
very hitter against him among them,
and in August, 1868, a party .of nine of
them, headed by May-dwa-we-mind, one
of the leaders of the Leech Lake up
rising in 1898, started for the old Chip
pewa agency, near Crow Wing, near
_-^|^fc^ JiM^^^^^^^^^^^MS^ .iiafeA*^
WW& JJAJRTM7^gCKB COUNTY MINNESOTA, MONDAY JUNE 15, 1903. NO. 11.
who happened to be there, held a peace- find "him there, he being absent at Crow,
council with the chiefs, but without anji Wing, where he was making prepara-,
results. A short time after the Dorejttions to start .for Washington on the,
council, Gov. Ramsey, '-'JO had a
strong influence over th" 1 inns and es-t
pecially over Hole-in-the-day, arrived at
Crow Wing and succeeded' in inducing
the hostftes disband ad return to
their respective reservations. 'The ac
tions of the Mille Lac Chippewas, who
had tendered their services to the gov
ernment to suppress the uprising, con
tributed largely to the cessation of hos
tilities by 'Hole-in-the-day,
These hostile demonstrations by the
Chippewas led to the treaty of March 11.-
1863, wherein the Mississippi Chippef
was ceded six reservations in this state!
in lieu of a 'large tract of land which,
is now'known as the Mississippi Chip-i
pewa reservation, within which the
Leech, Cass and Winne,)
which Hole-m-the-day was liyng. fon
he purpose of assassinating him. Wnenj
they arrived at his house they did nop
tion to start .fo Washingto on
They then decided, after discussing the
matter, to go to Crow Wing, and there
a"wait an opportunity to kill him. Thej
imtnediately started for that town, and
when they were about one mile from the
agency they mot Hole-in-the-day in hiv
buggy, with Chief Ojibway of this res
ervation, and jt(st after he had passed
them, May-dwa-we-mind shot him in the
back, killing him instantly.
Gull Lake Indians Stait For White
Three months prior to Hole-in-the
day's assassination, Paul Beatiliei
started for this reservation with ih
first contingent of Mississippi Indian
from the Gull Lake reservation, near
Crow Wing. They were en route sis
teen or seventeen days, and on the 14th
day of Jttne, 868, they ^arrived at the
1 Xll Rf.iulhMi. who. ?JMI tha
Chippewas to white lv.trth Hosor
vation in 1MJS.
old trading post, two miles from here
The conditions which confronted the
Indians upon their arrival here were
such that it was a very difficult task
for riic officials to induce them to re
nai here. And notwithstanding the ef
forts to keep them here, many of them
returned to their homes a* Gull Lake.
:md it was only within a few years
passed that they were induced to re
It was not until 1871, when E. P.
Smith the first Indian agent that was
appointed under President Grant's fam
ous peace policy, that any further ef
fort was made to remove the Indian*
of the Mississippi bands to this rcser\a
Immediately after Mr. Smith took
charge of the White Earth Indian ,igen
cy, he succeeded in having the appro
priations made which were provided b\
treaties, and in less than two years had
secured the removal of a large number
of Indians and. by his policy of deal
ing with and encouraging them, induced
more full-blood Indians to open farms
than all the agents R^rd have since
Rev. J. J. In-nc-me-gabow, who
inaugurated the 14th of June cele
brations, succeeded in doing While the progress
of the Indians as farmers has been very
slow and unsatisfactory to the govern
ment, there are a great many of the
members of this reservation who have
from one hundred to five hundred acres
of land under cultivation on their
Prospective railroads through this
reservation will be an inducement here
after for the reservation farmers to en
large their farms, since the prospects
of being able to sell their farm pro
duce at railroad stations will be equally
as good as to haul this produce from
twenty to thirty miles as they have been
doing in the past.
THE GOVERNOR'S PARTY,
At imp o'clock yesterday Governor Van Sant nd pjwty arrived
at this A^ncy, They were met several mjlea from here by the In*
dian police force, chief Me-sha-ke-shig and others, $11 mounted, wh*)
acted as an escort from there to the Agency,
The party consists, of Governor and Mr*, Van Sanfc, United States
district attorney -and Mrs. C. 0. Htiupt, Miss Haupt, assistant United
States district attorney J, M. Dickey, Mrs. Rogers, Mr, Best, repre-
sentative of the Minneapolis Times and George Van Smith, represent
ative of the St. Paul Globd.
Chief Mesha Kegeshig, who participated in the negotiations of tho
treaties of 1803 and 1864* and who, although over seventy years of
age, i taking an active part in the present celebration here.
Prominent Indians who took part in the uMiversary celebration
here, on JHW\ 13 and 14. 1M2
FIKBT DAY, MONDAY, JUNE loth.
Federal Salttte at Sunrise.
Exercises Of the Day to commence at 8 o'clock A. M.
inin Ahortginai Parade. The Indian of Yesterday.
Music by the White EarthSchool Military Band.
Music by White Karth Cornet Band.
Sprt-elww hy Don. Kay W. Jone*, Lieut.-Gov. of Minnesota lhrr.
M'. J. Daly, of Perhaui and Chief Joseph Clmmttis
Music by thfe Bund:
Music i White Kart School a Hilary ifcim'.'.
Indian (James and r^eeft.
Aboriginal and ftowfrfy lantfng'
Game of Base Ball between the Ul'en Tigers 'and the
Whit Earth Badger.
Mdtinee in the Assembly Hull. Subjeet- LdftgrVllow \s
hy Native Men and Women:
A TWO HUNDRED YEARS WAR.
A majority df drtr visitors here fcdday attending tile celeb'ratlotit
doubtless know that the Sioux and Chippbwa Indians carried on 4
fierce and relentless nr against each othvr for twtJ hundred rear|
and more, but we doubt if many of them know tlrtj cause!) which left
up to this War*
There art two Versions of the causes of the waf given by Hie Uup-
pewtis. One of these is to the effect that there was a large scttlenierit
of Chippewa* at tlft* tufcuth of the Wisconsin River, and art equally
large settlement or village of tfioux, three or four miles up the river
from the Chippewa settlement: that during the spawning season one
year the Chippewas built a dam near the mouth of the river, so as to1
prevent the fish from going up the river. The Sioux resented thm?
and demanded that the dam be removed, which the ChipH'Was re-
fused to do. As soon as the Chippewa refund SAR-. rcc HIP
Sioux chief, he gathered his forces and sb.Ntd ior the dam With 11*
v-iew of destroying it. But the Chippewas hearing of this awnrled rhff
arrival of the Sioux forces, and when the latter attempted to brealt
the dam ft pitched battle took place thd the long war Followed and
Chippewa villages were Uicuted at tho points Mated.
The other version, Which is more romatic, is (hat the Riotix, anfl
that the son of the Chippewa chief wa .n r^rco'ed nnt- of a wautiv
ful Sioux maiden. The irmiden also had anolliM sudor t.mohg thf
members of her own tribe, who one evening met the Clnjmewa rivaT*
and without any warning shot him in the bark rfh an arrowv IwMiro*
him almost instantly.
The Chippewas made a demand upon the hionx to surrender tn*
murderer, and upon aheir refusal to deliver him to them, the Chief
formed a war party, and charged on the Sioux village and almost ex'
terminated the Sioux that were living there.
While both of these versions are plausible, it is generally agrte^
among the Indians that tho war was commenced at the point indicate^