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#U3. H, BEAULIEU Publisher.
t:l' r,* sr
White Earth Agency, MJnn,
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DIVISION, INDIAN OFFICE.
DEPARTMENT PRACTICE A
LOAN AND TRUST BLD'G.
WASHINGTON D. C.
White Earth, Minn.
fke Largest and Host
Commodious Hotel on
Ifable* always bountifully supplied
ijrttfe everything thtf* the market
^ssww&f* f^ff^m-^ ^wyg%:?M
.ed by registered letter to insure been Qharged with being the instigator of
Safety, Addre&S all eommuniea* the uprising, it is certain that he did not
Wwf8 EARTH, MINN
100,000 ftores of first class farm
|ands on White Earth Reservation, in
iTacts of 80 acres and more, by
LLOTTEEj .rw _
JNDJAN PROTECTIVE Association
200 Bftoi) Building
Washington D, X.
DarjM Bf Henderson, Atryf
Indian claims against the Unit-
States a speciality
r.a-1 1 1 ,in "1 1 ii
ATTORNEY A? l*AW.
LATE LAW CLBRK, LAND
large ancf ce^orta^JevFeetf and
Livery statue' hi eflflfl6n
JOH N Lff hop*
Market price paid for Grinding
ftoa&e Root and jfttrs.
Order* for pure Maple-Syrup,
and wild rice promptly attended
to, BEAULIEU MINN.
THE WHITE EARTH
Brief Histor of Events Whic Lea to
Under a misapprehension whicn
extended among the Pillager Chip
pewas, Hole-in-the-day the cele
brated qhief, forfeited his life.
Without going ftltb the details of thr
causes which led to the uprising 'among
the Chippewas in 1862, we will merely
state that there was sufficient proVoca
tion in the mjnds of the Indians to en
able the late celebrated chief, Hole-in
the-day, to induce them to take up arm?
against the government
Although Hole-in-the-Day has alway?
commence hostilities until an attemp'
was made by army officers to arres
The first intimation the public got thai
the Chippewas contemplated an outbreak
was when Lieut. Forbes, now a resi
dent of Albert Lea, with a squad of sol
diers, made an attempt to arrest Hole-
in-the-day at the old village of Crov
But the writer hereof, who was thei
a boy of nine years of age, met Hole
in-the-day and his escort or bravi
Quayse-good. a short distance from th
village and upon being questioned b\
the chief, told him that the soldier
were at Crow. Wing. Quay-se-good ha
proceeded on his way without stopping
and when Hole-in-the-day got through
conversing with us, he went to the hi!
overlooking the village,, and from then
saw the soldiers arresting the former
But the soldiers also got sight of him
and immediately started in pursuit
him. He took a trail near the rivei
which led to his house, and which macu
the distance nearlv one mile nearer thai
by the wagon road, and he succeeded ir
reaching home, and removing his fam
ily to a place of safety before the sol
diers arrived there. When the lattei
got to the house they saw Hole-in-the
day crossing the Mississippi river in his
private ferry boat. They rushed "to tht
river bank and got there just as the boat
touched the opposite shore. Lieut.
Forbes ordered hhn to stop, but payin*
no attention to this, the soldiers werr
ordered to fire at hrm, which they die
Hole-in-the-day drew his revolver
and returned the sHofs", gave a war
whoop,* attd disappeared over a hill.
Within a mfihth' after that he returned tc
C. H. Beaulieu, who took an
active part to suppress the oat
break, ap.d induced the Mille Lac
40 Cento to come to Iffc Rip|ey i
0f land whic1
is now Imown as the Mississippi Chip
pevva reservation, wjthm which th'
Leech, Cass and Winnebegosish lake
ire located, with the view of being con
This treaty, which was made a
Washington, by the chiefs of the sev
ral bands of Chippewas in Minnesot:
,-aused so much dissatisfaction anion'
he Indians that another delegation wer
Washington in 1^64 and succeede
making another treaty on May 7
hat year, which greatly increased th
ize of the reservation set aside by th
reaty of the previous year. Severn
ears after the treaty of 1864, it wa
ound that the Mississippi reservatio
White Cloud, who was one of
the chiefs that made the treaty o.
vas not adapted to farming purpose?
nd in 1867, Hole-in-the-day was author
^ed by his band to proceed to Wash
lgton and there negotiate another trei'
y. On March 19, 1867, the treaty sci
.ing aside thirty-six townships of lain
so as to include the White Earth an
Wild Rice lakes, was concluded.
No definite boundaries being fixed
treaty, Hole-in-the-day, Majo Jot
13. Bassett, who was then the Unite
States Indian agent for the Chippewa^
Sind Paul H. Beaulieu,- selected the res
irvation and fixed, approximately, tlv
boundary lines thereof. The wisdom
ihis selection can never be questione*
since the reservation is now considere
the garden spot qi Minnesota.
Assassination of Hole-in-the-day.
The Pillager Chippewas of Leccl
Lake, however, got the impression tha
(hey had been over-reached in the mat
ter of the treaty of 1867, and held Hoh
jn-the-day responsible for it.
Peter Roy, who acted an one of
the*fnterpreters of the treaty of
The ill-feeling oh this account was
very bitter against him among them,
and in August, 1868. a party of nine of
them, headed by May-dwa-we-mind, one
of the leaders of the Leech Lake up
rising in 1898, started for the old Chip
ijfcwi HWi Rw Cro WiPf, nw
"Truth before Favor,'*
VOL, 1, WHITE EARTH, BECKER COUNTY, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY, JUNE 16, 1903, NO, 12.
Crow Wing wjth a large force of
braves, and surrounded the town.
The commissioner of Indian affairs
who happened to be there, held a peace
council with the chiefs, but without any
results. A short time after the Dor
council,. Gov. Ramsey, who had
strong influence over the Indians and es
pecially over Hole-in-the-.!./. arrived a'
Crow Wing and succeeded in indxtcinp
the hostiles to disband and return to
their respective reservations. The ac
tions of the Mille Lac Chippewas, WIK
had tendered their services to the gov
irnment to suppress the uprising, con
tributed largely to the cessation of hos
rilities by Hole-in-the-day.
These hostile demonstrations by th
Chippewas led to the treaty of March 11
1863, wherein the Mississippi Glippc
was ceded six reservations in this stat
in lieu of a large fragt
which Hole-in-the-day was livng. for
the purpose of assassinating him. When
'hey arrived at his house they did not
ind him there, he being absent at Crow
Wing, where he was making prepara
ions to start for Washington on the
They then decided, after discussing the
natter, to go to Crow Wing, and there
iwait an opportunity to kill him. They
immediately started for that town, and
when they were about one rnile from the
gency they met Hoje-in-jhp-day in his
'uggy, with Chief Ojibway of this res
ervation, and just after he had passed
them, May-dwa-we-mind shot him in the
'ack killing him instantly.
Gull Lake Indians Start For White
Three months prior to Hole-in-the
lay's assassinatipn, Paul H. Beaulieu
started for this reservation with the
first contingent of Mississippi Indians
from the Gull Lake reservation, near
Crow Wing. They were en route six
teen or seventeen days, and on the 14th
day of June, 1868, thy ^frjvgd at the
Paul IT. Beaulieu, who hn} the
Miippewas to white ftnrth Reser
vation in 1808.
Id trading post, two miles from here.
The conditions which coufconte/1 ihc,
ndians upon their "jurival here were
uch that it was a very difficult task
r'or the officials to induce their? to re-
gain here. And notwithstanding the ef
orts to keep them here, many of them
eturned to their homes at Gu|j Lake,
:nd it was only within a few years
assed that they were induced to re
It was not until 1871, when E. P.
Smith, the first Indian agent that was
appointed under President Grant's fam
ous peace policy, that any further ef
fort was made to remove the Indians
)f the Mississippi bands to this reserva
Immediately after Mr. Smith took
barge of the White Earth Indian agen-
:y, he succeeded in having the appro
priations made which were provided by
reaties, and in less tHan two years had
ecured the removal of a large number
if Indians and, by his policy of deal
ing with and encouraging them, induced
more full-blood Indians to open farms
than all the agents here have since
Rev. J. J. In-ne-me-gabow, who
inaugerated the 14th of June cele
bV&ions, succeeded in doing. While the progress
of the Indiana as farmers has been very
slow and unsatisfactory to the govern
ment, there are A great many of the
members of this reservation who have
from one hundred to five huttdred acres
of land under cultivation on their
Prospective railroads through this
reservation will be an inducement here
after for the reservation farmers to en
large their farm, since the prospects
of being able to sell their fafm pro
duce at railroad stations will be equally
as good as to haul this produce from
twenty to thirty miles a* thejf Rave been
doinf in tht patt.
*^SllI I JJ^-^^KM.^-^'^^
-.I I I
THE GOVERNOR'S PARTY,
At one o'clock ypsterda.y Govprnor Van Sant and party #rri*/"
at this Agency. They were met several mires from here by the I
dian police force, chief Me-sha-ke-shig and others, all mounted, wl
acted as an escort from there to the Agency...
The party consists of Governor and |rs Van Sant, UftHpd Stat
district attorney and Mrs. C. 0. Haupt, Miss Haupt, assistant Uniti_
States district attorney J. f/L. Dickey, Itf ?'& Rogers, lr Best, repr"
sentative of the Minneapolis Times and Gpfjvge Vim Smi$hj represen
ative of the St. Paul Globe.
Chief Mcslia Kegeshig, who participated in tiro ngotiations of tly
treaties of 1863 and 1864, and who, although over seventy /Pftrs. of
age, is io1iJJ# an active j*rtH )n fcti* present celebration here.
Prominent Tndians who took part in the anniversary celebrating
here, on June, 13 and 14. 1902
FIUBT DAY, MONDAY, J( NK lfth.
Federal Salute at Sunrise*
Exorcises of the Day to commence at 8 o'clock A. 1VT..
Grand Aboriginal Parade*The Indian of Yesterday.
Music by the White ftarth School MMitary Ikinch
Vocal- National Anthem.
Music by White- Karth Cornet Band*
Speeches by Hon. Hay Jones, Lieut,-(iov. of Minnesota
M. J. Daly of Perliam and Chief Joseph Cfoarfette
Music by the Balid
Mu'slc by tVhitc kart School ^iilitiiH -iMd:
Indian tiames and races:
Alforiginal and Bow-er^y Dancing:
tiafftb of Base Ball between the Rice River afkl the
Matinee in the Assembly Hall. SubjectLongfcftow'3 'Hiawatha*
by Native Men and Women.
A TWO HUNDRED YEARS WAR,
A majof ity o'f
fierce^ and rclel
and Wore, but tth
up to this war: 1
There are two Hfs'io'nA or. the cafes 0/ jtfio w&f given by the Chip-
pewas.. One of tttesfc te t(i the f'tft'ct that there was a large settlement
of Chrppewas at the inouth of ihe Wisconsin River, and an eqtiyty
large settlcnfent or village Sioilx, three oV fetor utiles up the ,njrer
frort the Chippewa settlement: that during the spawning seasoh one
year the niip'pewa's btiilt & dttm near the mfruth of the river, SO aS t
prevent the fish from going up the river. The Simi* resented thte,
and demanded that the dam be removedi which the CJiibbeHas re-
fused ttf do: As soon as the Chippewa refusal Vas rettuVrtl by thn
Sioux chief life gathered his forces and started fbr the dam with tMS
view of destroying it* But the (lii ppewas hearing of thin awaited the
arrival of the Sioux forces, and tvheil the IMtef attempted to .brfcak
the dam a pitched battle took place and the long war followed, ahd
Chippewa villages were lacated at tl JwihtM stated.
The other version, Which fa trior* rcrtimtlc, I* that the Sioux, and
that the (son of the Chibfw cbiff wiw an accepted sujfcpr tjf a .heaiitij
ful Sioux maiden. The maiden nlso had another suitor, ^ntohg, thfe
memberi of her own tribe, who rjne evening met the Chippewa.rival)
and without any warning shot birn in the back with an arrow, kilnnjf
him almost instantly. a~-
The Chippewas made a demaricl upon the Sioux to surrender,..^
murderer, and upon aheir refusal to deliver him to them, the.fchief
formed a war party, and charged on the Sioux village and alhibst ei-
terminated the Sioux that were living there. -*.*u
While both of these versions are plausible, it is generally,,, agfetti
among the Jadhf6stKat tfte war was coranuSneed at the point mdicatea*.