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QU. H. BEAUU6U Publisher.
White Earth Agency, Minn.
Jflntered at the Postprtice at White
Es^ftli* "Vfinn., as mail matter of the
voted to the interests of the
White Earth Reservation and sfen
eral Northwestern News. Publish
ed und managed by members of
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annum. For the convenience of
those who may feel unable to pay
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months at the yearly rates. All
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3fety, Address all communica
Wiirirc JC\Rnr, MTNN.
100,000 acres of fust class faim
lands on White Earth Resei vation, in
tracts of 80 acres uu nioie, by
ALLOTTEES. INDIAN PROTECTIVE Association
2 06 Bond Building
Washington 0. C.Indians
Dan'i B. Henderson, Att'y.
Indian claims against the Unit-
ed States a specialit.\.
K. S. MURCHISON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
DIVISION, INDIAN OFFICE.
LATE LAW CLERK,
LOAN AND TRUST BLD'G.
WASHINGTON I). C.
W. F. CAMPBELL
Attorney at Law,
Department practice a specialty.
White Earth, Minn.
White Earth, Minn.
The Largest and Host
Commodious Hotel on
Table always bountifully supplied
with everything that the market
afford*. Including game and
fish in seftsotir
A Jarg and cnttfortable,#ee and
Wrefy stable Iti connection
SUED BY THE CHIP-
joo Naganub, a member of the
Fond du Lac-band of Minnesota
Chippewas, instituted a suit in
equity for mjuction, in
supreme court of the District ot
Columbia, against Secrotai.\
In his complaint Naganub sets
forth that he and all the Chip-
and indefeasible interest in tin
execution of the trust created by
the act of January 14. IShJ), en
titled "An Act for the relief and
and eh ihzation ot the Chippewa
in the state of Minnesota'1
and the funds to be derived there
from that the Morris act is not
onl$ & iolation of the trust, but
in direct conflict with the Consti
tution of the United States from
the fact that it deprives the said
Chippevv as of their property with
out compensation,and without due
process of law.
Justice Anderson, before whom
that aneorderbrought, be issued requiring
the secretary of the interior to
show cause on December lHth.
next, why he should not be enjoin
ed from acts done or intended to
be done in the execution ot the
Attorney Tracj L. Jeffords of
Washington, I). represents
The Indian Right and Wrong.
ir"We hold these tiuths to be selt
evident that ALL MEN are created
equal that the} are endowed by then
Creator with certain unalienable
lights: that among these, are LIFE,
LIBERTY, AND THE PURSUIT OF HAP
PINBSS"Declaration of Independence
July 4th, 1776.
DOUBTFUL FRIENDS OF THE
The administration of the Mor
ris act is in the hands of the com
missioner of the general land of
fice and the chief of the forestry
bureau, and not, as a large major
ity of the Chippewas think, in the
hands of the commissioner of In
dian affairs. This is probably the
reason that a bad law has beep
The Chippewas' experience with
the land office in regard to their
timber matters in the past, has
taught them to regard that office
unfavorably. While the dead and
down timber it Was impossible to
get justice for the Indian.
Although many complaints
were made against the methods of
Mr. Rosa,the then superintendent
of logging, who. was hand in
hand with the dead and down
Justic Ancierson neior wnw
i.^ wi tion wheie pine timber is concern-
Bj placing the Morris act in the
hands of Commissions Richards
and Mr. Pinchot, chief of the for
estry bureau, to be admimsterec'
jointly by them, Chippewa allairs
are in the hands of men whose
theories outweigh the interests of
the Indians,and who are controlled
by persons who are guided exclus
ively by personal and selfish mo
th es, and who do not care a straw
for the Indians.
pevvas of Minnesota have a vested sklent Rosevelt, and aie cessions and relinquishments were
MI ,_.___. :.u..
the cas was has directed i uon
ed. But then the only argument
the forestry people can advance in
support of the Morris act, and the.v
must advance some kind of argu
ment to support even Mi. Pin
chot's valuable influence, is that
the lumbermen are opposed to it
They cannot point out anj of its
good qualities vv hich are not over
come its bad ones, or show
whereinr its forestry* prov isions
State of Minnesota'*
If it were possible to administer
the Morris act with any degree of
justice to the Chippewas this
might have been done by the In
dian office at Washington, where
all Indian matters properly belong,
and in which office some effort is
usually made to deal justly and
fairly with the Indians.
Senator Nelson's position on the
Morris act. and as defined in an
other column of this issue, em
phatically demonstrates the line of
argument advocated by the TOMA
HAWK in treating the .same measure
and vindicates the righteous pro
tests of the intelligent classes of
this reservation who disapproved
of the act from the start, especial
ly in the park and forestry "dona-
tion*" features, and provides con
clusive proof that the Indian IS
It is rumored Chat the charter
limits of RichardsBernardsville,
(including The Richard Record)
Cass Co., Minn., has entered into
the sear and yellow period of its
existanec. Some people would
call it the defunctus period.
~2 -i *""i
"Truth before Favor."
VOL, WHITE EARTH, BECKER COUNTY, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY, PEC. 4, 1903. NO. 36
lumbermen, nothing was done to
correct the e\ ils complained, of.
It was not until the Indian office
took harge of the operations that
any effort was made to give the
Indians a fair deal in the mattci.
When Capt. Mercer made lumseli
a party to the dead a '.own tim
ber steal the Indian .UKC did not
conduct a while wash inv estiga
tion, but went to the bottom ot the
fluence the actionosr ofi thaeJ
are "fo the relief and civilizatio i ha no power to set aside a por-
of the Chippewa Indians the] tion of these ceded Indian lands,
without first obtaining the consent
of the Indians, and this question
INJUNCTION SUIT FILED
Chippewas Will Test the Validity of the
Morris A*t in Court,
We quote from a Washington
special to the St. Paul Dispatch,
dated Dec. lit., the following ex
cerpt and which demonstrates em
phaticallp the line of agruement
that the TOMAHAWK has advocated
md which has subjected its critic
ism with threats of "suppression'"
by high officials ot the interior
"The injunction suit as filed in
the district supreme court is a
mast miporrant proceeding, and
opens up the entire question, as to
the alidit ot the forestry pro\ i
sions ot the Morris act of June
k27, li)2 The friends of the foresti.v re
serve at Cass Lake and vicinit.v
are confident that the administa
tion will not consent to the post
ponement ot the sale ot Chippewa
timber under the act, which the
Indian petitions ha\e asked foi in
order to enable their delegations
which have been selected to^o tojmitted to the \arious tribes and
Washington to make knov to' bands of Chippewa Indians for ap-
Congress their wishes. lro\a and the cession and relin-
TJie friends of the Morn- act quishment ot the lands in several
boasting^ refer to Mr. Pinchot sis reservations was secured bj the
a very close and intimate fuend,l Chippewa commission. The
The Morris a is an
act amending: the original Nelson
act of Jan 14, 1*89. This law
was put through congress b.\ Sen
ator kelson when he was a mem
ber of the 1WIIM.
All ol its puuisions were sub-
madetin writing, and the go\ern-e
men became trustee for all ot th
relative to the act without regard' Indians.
to the wishes of the Indians. Wej The Nelson act provided that
trust Mr. Pinchot will use his in- the lands should be classified, sur-
nuenee in favor of justice to the Veyed,
It is a matter of regret that tin proceeds to go into a trust fund
lumbermen, who are also desirous'for the Indians. There were no
of a postponement ot the Ale ot reservations made except for I li-
the timber unoVr the Mori is act, than allotments,
.should have taken active steps to
secure this postponement tor then
motives, no matter how fair thc.v
mav be, are always open to ques-
the timber estimated and
and after deducting expenses,
The Mori is bill amending the
Nelson act leaves sections 1, 2 and
ot the act ol LSM intact and does
not change the old bill until sec
w'luch under piovisions of the bill
are to be reserved for forestry
Th act then injects new
provisions the original Nelson
act, most important of which is the
setting aside of the Island of Cass
i^ake, Leech Lake, Sugar loint| called to come and take ehmge
tn ten additional sections of lands, lol the Cass Lake minion, and
when' he labored, unceasingly,
until he was call to his reward.
During all the ,\ears of hi.s mi
nistry he labored earns!i.\, and
unceasmgl.v in his endeavors to
elevate the condition ot his people,
to teach the way of eternal alv a
tion and of the love and mercv of
the Mas-ter ot life. He was mod
est and unassuming and kept aloof
from the vulgar political and l.ic
tional strife prevalent on Indian
reservations. His a
brought home for burial, and, on
Sunday, WHS laid to rest in St.
Columbia's mission cemetery, be
side the dust of his devoted wife,
who preceded him in death several
years ago. He is survived by two
sons, Frank and Charles Morgan.
St. Paul Dis-patch.
The Indians claim that congress
will be fought out in court
Senator Nelson, speaking of the
Morris bill, said today:
"It was never approved and
the provisions of it^were never
submitted to the Indians. The
bill known as the Nelson act did
not make any forest reservations
whatever. All those lands which
have been ceded by the Indians
are in exactly the same position.
The timber must be disposed of
and the money received for it be
placed to|he credit of the Indians.
I have not seen the bill brought in
the courts here and am speaking
now from my personal know
Senator Clapp, when asked for
his views, said:
"I have never understood the
Morris act as undertaking to de
prive the Indians of the proceeds
from the sale of timber. Sooner
or later the timber on the ten sec
tions reserved and on the islands
of Cass and Leech lakes will be
claimed by the Indians and have
to be settled for. As to the for
estry provision of the Morris act,
they were inserted as a sort of a
compromise in order to get any
legislation at all."
REV. GEORG E MORGAN, Selam Fairba nk
White Earth, Minn., Nov. 28
-Rev. George Morgan (Kah-kah-
cun) died at Cass Lake Episoopal
mission on Nov. li)t Rev. George
Morgan, or Kah-kah-cun, as he
was known by his native name,
was in the ."SOth year of his age.
He was a full-blooded Chippewa
clergyman of the E I a 1
church. lie was a son of I-ah-bay,
a noted chief and warrior of the
MiUe Lac Chippewa**, and on the
death of his father, which occured
on this leservation several ,\ears
ago, he succeeded to theehieftain*
ship. He was born on (lie historic
shores oi Millo Lac and where he
passed the eatl.v davs of his boy
hood In 1^S when the Chippe
was, undei the Midship of the
late ChuHn.n, lute loud, re
moved to ilie h'le Earth reser
vation, he and lus tamjl.v also
imned their fortunes and followed
in the footsteps ot their brethren
tow aids the inviting goal of ti new
eh ligation. Shortlj alter his ui
rivalat White Earth he entered
the government boarding school.
A ear or so later he, wi1h some
half-dozen ot his.voung biethien,
loined a class under the tulilage
ot Rev. .1. A, (iillillau ho was
then oon ntiswonavv of the
Episcopal church, stationed here.
Mnd commenced to stud.v lor the
ministr.v and prepare tor liol.v or
der After thiee or foui .sears
of haul, earnest stud.v and /.ealous
inissionar.v labois among his peo
ple, he wasoidainod to thede.ieoji'
ship of thechmdi 'Iheoidina
tion, which took phu in Jul.v,
ISTS, was tonducfed undei the
solemn auspices of the lte Rt.
Rev. llenr.v Renjiumn Whipple.
\fter his ordination he seived as
assistant to tin late venerable
Rev. Johnson Enmcgahhnvv,
i 1st. Columbia's mission church.
Aiter which he was assigned to lean moms and go( hoard
the charge of the Wild Kice ri\ ei
sub-mission post, and wheie he
labored /ealousl.v lor several
veais. Vbout ten .vears ago he
6 months The
TOMAHAWK will be mailed
to any address in the United States,
Canada, Cuba and the Philipines.
D.'iNTISTRY-For first class
dentistry, call on Dr. R. H. Plialon.
Teoth extracted without pain.
Crow and Bridge work a special
ty. Office over First State
Bank, Detroit, Minn.
Market price paid for Crininf
Snake Root and Furs.
Orders for pure Maple-Syru
and wild rice promptly att^ndh"
to. BEAUL1EU MI
KINDS OF ULAOKSMITH
DO\K IN Fiitsr CLASS SHAPH.
IIOHSK-SPOKJM, A Sl'GIAUT.
(George Heiry Pro|
Louis Brlsbois Proi
Thoroughl.v renovated, Nic
The tabh re
in their season
with Firth. Came and V'egetahli
Good Barn in Connection
Board by the Da.v or Week.
White Earth Mini
Take the SOO. ROUTE
from ST.PAULand MIN-
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to Wisconsin and Michi
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the Kast generally,
Through Trains Going East Lea1
MINNEAPOLI S at 6:i0 P. M. Daii,