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AUSTI NS RETIRE
ITALIANS TAKE TEUTON EN-
OF GORIZIA AND OCCUPY
TOWN OF BOSCHINI.
ANOTHER BIG BATTLE IS
BEING WAGED IN GALICIA
Russians Drive Farther Westward in
Their Endeavor to Capture Central
Portion of Railroad Leading to
Evacuation of Gorizia.
London, Aug. 12 Although bad
tveather is hampeiing the British and
French maneuvers in the west, both
the Italians and the Russians are keep
ing up their strong offensives against
the Teutonic forces, respectively in
Austria and Galicia, and at last re
ports both had made additional import
On the Isonzo front the Italians have
continued to throw their forces across
the river and have fought their way
to the east of the captured city of
Gorizia. Southwest of Gorizia they
have taken Austrian entrenchments
near Monte San Michele and Monte
Ban Martino and also occupied the
town of Boschini, securing a freer
hand for their operations in the re
gion of the Doberdo plateau and south
ward toward the Monfalcone sector.
Many prisoners were captured.
Vienna Explains Evacuation.
Vienna says the evacuation of Gor
izia followed the repulse of new Ital
ian attacks on the Doberdo plateau
and that the straightening of the Aus
trian lines made necessary by the op
eration was carried out without moles
tation from the Italians.
In Galicia, in the sectors of Stanis
lau and Halich, the Russians have
driven farther westward in their en
deavor to capture the central portion
of the railroad running from Kolomea
to Lemberg. Passing across the Mon
asterzyska-Ntanioff railway, they have
forded the Zlota Lipa river southeast
of Halich and south of Stanislau have
raptured the town of Kryplin.
Big Battle Near Brody.
The Berlin official communication
Bays that along the front of Archduke
Charles Francis in Galicia, southwest
f Welesnios and south of the Dnies
ter, new positions have been occupied
the Teutonic allies in accordance
with previously arranged plans. Rus
sian attacks along the Strumen and
Stokhod rivers were repulsed. Another
big battle has started near Brody in
WILSON MAY BE ASKED TO
TAKE HAND IN RAIL CRISIS
Deadlock in Negotiations Between
Employers and Men Developed
Over Threatened Strike.
New York, Aug. 11.President Wil
son will be called upon to take a hand
in the settlement of differences be
tween the four railroad brotherhoods
and their employers unless an appar
ent deadlock in the negotiations which
has developed can be broken, it was
indicated here by representatives of
After they had heard contentions of
the workers and later those of the
railroad managers, members of the
"United States Board of Mediation and
Conciliation admitted the existence of
When asked if "conditions already
had come to the point where an ap
peal would be made to the President,"
Mr Knapp, a board member, declined
to discuss the matter.
MORE SLAVS LAND IN FRANCE
Russian Troops Are Given Enthusiast*
ic Welcome at Brest.
Brest, Aug. 11.Another contingent
of Russian troops has been landed
here. The soldiers were given an
enthusiastic welcome. The first Rus
sian troops to land in France arrived
at Marseilles April 20, having sailed
half way around the world from Vlad
ivostok. They were followed by three
other contingents and were sent into
the trenches in Champagne. Estimates
have placed the strength of the first
contingent of this Russian expedition
ary force at not less than 20,000 men.
Substitute for Munitions Tax.
Washington, Aug. 11.A net profit
excise tax against all manufacturers
selling goods to foreign governments
as a substitute for the munitions tax
in the pending revenue bill is bein-g
seriously considered by Democrats of
the Senate finance committee. It
probably will be agreed on for sub
mission to the Democratic caucus.
The tax on munitions of war, includ
ing copper products, as proposed in
the House bill, has been giving Dem
ocratic Senate leaders considerable
WHEAr PRICES CLIMB HIGHER
SELLS AS HIGH AS $1.52'/2 ON THE
American Housewife and Allies Must
Bear Burden of the Cteady
Minneapolis, Aug. 11.Wheat con
tinued its up**ard climb going 2Ms
cents higher than the high mark Wed
nesday. It sold as high as 1.52% on
the Minneapolis market. Not mi#h
was sold at this price, however, the
buying being on a more conservative
The American housewife and the Al
lies, particularly England, will bear
the burden of the steady advance in
tho price of wheat.
The price of flour was advanced 60
cents a barrel. The price will con
tinue to go up just so long as wheat
goes on up the price scale, the mill
ers say. The price of a 98-pound sack
of flour rose approximately 15 cents.
"What will England do?" That is
the question that men on the floor of
the Minneapolis Chamber of Commerce
and the Chicago Board of Trade have
been asking. The British government,
it was reported some time ago, plan
ned to dispose of part of the reserves
accumulated, expecting to replace the
wheat sold with Imports from the Unit
ed States, Argentine and Australia.
TO PUBLISH LUSITANIA NOTE
State Department Has Germany's Con-
sentWould Quiet Alarms.
Washington, Aug. 11.Announce-
ment that the last German note on the
Lusitania, submitted to the state de
partment nearly six months ago, is to
be published, is the direct answer to
those who feared a return to power of
the Von Tirpitz element in Germany,
with a consequent renewal of ruthless
submarine warware, officials asserted.
The publication is to be made with
The note, declaring the killing of
Americans on the Lusitania was unin
tentional, and expressing profound re
gret for loss of American life, is de
clared to be a complete guarantee in
the name of the German people against
anv such submarine campaign as that
which precipitated* the German-Ameri
WILSON'S CAMPAIGN WILL
START SEPTEMBER FIRST
Decision Reached at Conference Be
tween President and Chairman
of National Committee.
Washington, Aug. 9.A decision to
launch the Democratic national cam
paign soon after September 1, regard
less of whether Congress still is in ses
sion then, was reached at a confer
ence between President Wilson, Vance
C. McCormick, chairman of the Dem
ocratic national committee, and Homer
S. Cummings, the committee's vice
BOMBS DROPPED ON VENICE
Austrian Airmen Start Numerous
Fires in Italian City.
London, Aug. 11.Fierce fighting is
still going on between the Turks and
Russians on the Mush-Bitlis front in
A squadron of 21 Austrian aero
planes has dropped a large number of
bombs on Venice, causing numerous
fires in the historic city.
British Ship Torpedoed.
London, Aug. 11. The British
steamer Sphene was sunk by a Ger
man submarine August 3, according to
an announcement made by Lloyd's
90 Per Cent Corn Crop Predicted.
Des Moines, Aug. 11.Despite dry,
hot weather, which for a while threat
ened serious damage to the crop, indi
cations are that this year's corn crop
in Iowa will exceed the 1915 crop by a
wide margin, according to the report
issued by the Iowa crop and weather
Estimates based on the average of
the last five years rated this year's
crop at 90 per cent, while on. August 1,
1915, the estimates were for a 74 per
PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE
THE TOMAHAWK WHITE EARTH. MINN.
Striking Sentences in
Twin City Addresses
by Charles E. Hughes
Here in the Northwest we know
that Americanism is a thing of
the spirit and not of the flesh.
I don't believe you could pin the
administration to any policy that
would stay put.
We live in a world in arms. It
would be the rankest folly for us
to invite insultby having an ob
vious condition of unpreparedness.
Preparedness that is reasonable
and adequate is not militarism.
Reasonable, adequate prepared
ness is a primary national duty.
Any American soldier that is
killed in Mexico is killed by Amer
ican bullets that we have let pass
over the bcrder.
HUGHES DECLARES TARIFF
SHOULD PROTECT FARMERS
Republican Nominee Repeats His
Views on Preparedness in Ad
dress at Grand Forks.
Grand Forks, N. D., Aug. 11.
Charles E. Hughes, republican presi
dential nominee, told an audience of
farmers in the Auditorium here that
he believed in a protective tariff that
would protect tbem as well as the men
in the factories.
"I believe in a protective tariff," Mr.
Hughes said. "I believe in protection
without abuse I think that is possible.
Mr. Hughes repeated his views, on
preparedness, saying that he stood for
BREMEN MYSTERY UNSOLVED
Even Berlin Officials Are Without
Knowledge as to U-Boat.
Berlin, Aug. 1. Great mystery
surrounds the submarine Bremen.
Even official circles here profess
ignorance as to whether the vessel
has put to sea, or if she has, on what
date she sailed.
Norfolk, Va., Aug. 11. Report*
that the German submarine merchant
man Bremen, sister ship to the
Deutschland, is off the capes and will
pass into Hampton Roads within the
next 24 hours are current here.
TO TEACH GIRLS MOTHERHOOD
School Will Be Established at Detroit
Rich Widow Leaves Funds.
Detroit/ Mich., Aug. 1 Establish
ment of a school for teaching girls
motherhood is provided for in the will
of Mrs. Lizzie Merrill Palmer, filed
here for probate.
Mrs. Palmer was the widow of for
mer United States Senator Thomas W.
Palmer. The exact amount which will
be devoted to founding and operating
the school, is not designated. Probate
court officials say the estate amounts
to upward of $1,000,000.
PROGRESSIVES NAMED ON
New York, Aug. 11.Vance Mc
Cormick, chairman of the Demo
cratio national committee, has an
nounced the personnel of the
Democratic campaign committee
and the associate campaign com
mittee of Progressives, which will
direct the fight for President Wll
son's re-election. The Democrat
ic committee has a membership of
20 and the associate campaign
committee of Progressives is com
posed of seven.
British Take Gold Give Receipt.
Copenhagen, Aug. 11 The stiffen
ing of the British blockade regarding
American travelers is evidenced in the
treatment accorded the Scandinavian
American liner Frederik VIII, which
has just ended its voyage here. It left
New York on July 26 and reached Kirk
wall on Aug. 4, where it was thorough
ly searched All mail was seized.
Hans Lagerlof, with American pass
ports, formerly connected with the
Swedish embassy in America, now in
business in New ork, had $10,000 in
gold taken. He was handed a receipt*
E OF NATION,
REPUBLICAN STANDARD BEARER
ASSAILS ADMINISTRATION FOR
INEFFICIENCY, WASTE AND
WOULD STOP LOG ROLLING
IF ELECTED TO PRESIDENCY
Asserts Wilscn Could Save Public
Purse From Being Looted in the In-
terest of These "Ridiculous Appro-
priations" Made in Rivers
and Harbors Bill.
rargo, N. D, Aug 12Chpr'cs E
HuUies in his address here assailed
the present administration for uicffi
ceacy, waste and e\tra\aganee, parti
cularly with reference to the rivers
ar I harbors bill recently packed by
I think I may say without rash-
ness," Mr. Hughes told an audience
here, "that the government of the
United States is recklessly wasteful,
shamefully incompetent and extrava
gant, a reproach to the intelligence of
the people because of its inefficiency.
"I would like to have the authority
to investigate this administration for
about six months," the nominee de
clared. "The rivers and harbors bill,
knowri to the people as the pork barrel
bill, is largely monies wasted, as
there is no expert examination to de
termine what expenditures are need
Log Rolling Condemned.
"On the contrary, it very largely
depends on who are the influential
men representing particular districts
and what appropriations are obtained
this district and that district for
this man and that man.
"That is a matter of log rolling. It
brings the blush of shame to the
cheeks of every American It ought
to be stopped. If I am elected presi
dent, to the best of my ability I pro
pose to stop it."
Mr. Hughes declared the "pork bar
rel" bill of 1914 was "talked to
death" by Senator Burton, a fine Re
publican, and in 1915 the bill was re
duced materially because of the oppo
sition of Republicans and conscientious
"This year, just the other day," the
nominee continued, "Congress passed
a rivers and harbors bill of some $42,-
000,000. I confess I don't know why
such a measure should receive ap
proval. We have heard a great deal
lately of the power of the executive
leadership. It has been powerfully ex
erted, why cannot it be exerted to save
the public purse trom being looted in
the interest of these ridiculous appro
"Four years ago our opponents ar
raigned the Republican party for ex
travagance and waste and reckless ex
penditure. Then they proceeded to be
more lavish in appropriations than the
Republican party had been. They ar
raigned the Republican party for lack
of businesslike administration and they
proceeded to be absolutely profligate
in their appropriations."
For Clear Course in Mexico.
The Mexican situation was discussed
at length. The administration, said
Mr. Hughes, by vacillation, weakness
and wrongheadedness, had brought us
very close to grave difficulties there.
The one clear course we had in Mexi
co was to protect the rights of Ameri
The nominee's schedule for today
has been changed. He left here four
hours earlier than he expected, to de
liver a night address at Billings, Mont.
CONGRESS ADJOURNS SEPT. 1
Senate Republicans Consider Program
Submitted By Democrats.
Washington, Aug. 11.With a view
to adjourning by September 1, Repre
sentative Gallinger has called a cau
cus of Senate Republicans, at which
they will consider a legislative pro
gram that Democratic Leader Kern
submitted. It includes the revenue,
shipping, workmen's compensation and
Five Villistas Executed.
Chihuahua City, "Mex., Aug. 10.
General Trevino has received a re
port that fhe Villistas captured in the
Mapimi region and brought to Berma
jillo, have been condemned and shot
in that town.
Gompers Promises Aid to Trainmen.
Washington, Aug. 10.The Ameri
can Federation of Labor through its
executive council, has announced its
alliance with the four railway broth
erhoods which are threatening to
strike. The announcement came in
the form of a letter from Samuel
Gompers, president of the federation,
to the secretaries of the brotherhoods
which control the actions of 300,000
employees, and in their present power,
the business of the nations. Mr. Gom
pers pledged the "support and sym
pathy" of thj federation.
ENOUGH WILL BE LEFT TO MEET
NORMAL EXPORT REQUIRE-
MENTS, GOVERNMENT OF-
SENSATIONAL RISE IS DUE
TO MARKET ADJUSTMENT
Unusually Large Carry-over of Old
Wheat From Last Year's Crop Will
Afford More Than Average
Carry-over of Preceding
Washington, Aug. 11.This year's
wheat crop will be sufficient for the
seeds of home consumption and there
will be enough left to meet the noi
mal export requirements.
That is the view of government offi
cials who sam the sensational rise in
wheat prices and a corresponding in
crease in the pi ice of flour, following
the government's last report indicat
ing a crop about two-thirds the size of
last year's, was the result of the mar
ket adjusting itself from a crop of ab
normal proportions to one ot much
Unusually Large Carry-Over.
Experts of the Department of Agri
culture calculate 620,000,000 bushels
of wheat will be required for home
consumption this year. A crop of
654,000,000 bushels, as forecast Aug.
1, would leave 34,000,000 bushels of
this year's crop available for export.
In addition there was an unusually
large carry-over of old wheat from last
year's crop, amounting to approxi
mately 160,000,000 bushels, or about
75,000,000 bushels more than the aver
age carry-over of the preceding five
With the carry-over of old wheat
and the surplus of this year's estimat
ed crop, officials believe the United
States will have at least 150,000,000
bushels available for export purposes.
Heavy Export Requirements.
In normal years the export of wheat,
including flour, averages about 125,-
000,000 bushels. In the first year of
the European war, 333,000,000 bushels
were exported and last year the total
was about 250,000,000 bushels. What
export requirements will be this year
cannot be foretold, government offi
cials say, but it is expected to be
heavy as the world's wheat crop this
year promises to be much smaller
than last year, when it was unusually
SIXTY-SIX DEAD, FLOOD TOLL
Property Loss in West Virginia Esti
mated at $5,000,000.
Charleston, W. Va., Aug. 11.Sixty-
six persons are known to have lost
their lives in the flood which swept
three West Virginia mountain streams
rendering 10,000 persons homeless and
causing a property loss estimated at
Reports still -were meager owing to
interrupted wire and rail communica
tion, but the authorities expressed the
Relief that the death toll might reach
PAPER SHORTAGE TEMPORARY
Secretary Houston Tells Wilson of In
vestigations Made by Experts.
Washington, Aug. 11. Secretary
Houston in a letter to President Wil
son, tells of investigations made by
the forest service into the print-paper
shortage and says that experts of the
service "are inclined to believe that
the present condition may be tempo-
KUR0PATKIN MADE GOVERNOR
Russian General is Placed in Charge
London, Aug 11. General Alexei
Kuropatkin has been appointed gover
nor general of Turkestan, a Central
Xews dispatch from Petrograd states
General Kuropatkin was appointed
commander in chief of the Russian
armies on the northern front February
26 last, succeeding General Nicholas
LANE AND BRANDEIS TO
BE ON MEXICAN BOARD
Washington, Aug. 10.Secre-
tary Franklin K. Lane of the in
terior department, and Associate
Justice Louis D. Brandeis of the
supreme court have been selected
as two of the three members of
the joint commission which will
undertake settlement of the Mex
ican border difficulties. The name
of the third will be *nade public
Print Pacer Crisis Due In Fall.
Washington. Aug. 10.The crisis in
the news print paper situation, which
already has cut down newspaper prof
its enormously, will not be reached till
late October, when contracts come up
for renewal, according to reports re
ceived from many sources by the fed
eral trade commission. The presiden
tial eif-v-su, together with the Euro
pean war, is expected to increase an
already unparalleled demand for news
print, which manufacturers ttll the
trade commission they will hardly be
abte to meet.
CENERAL VON HINDENBURG
The appointment of General von
Hindenburg to the supreme command
of the Teutonic forces on the east
front is having its effect in a much
more vigorous opposition to the ad
vance of the Russians. It also is be
lieved to have caused Roumania to de
lay joining the allies.
WOMEN AWAIT WILSON'S WORD
SUFFRAGISTS AT NATIONAL CON.
FEREN CE CONSIDER POLICY.
Leaders Hopeful That Administration
Will Accord Assurances of Sup-
port of Movement.
Colorado Springs, Colo., Aug. 12.
Woman's party leaders at the opening
session of a three-day national con
ference here considered informally the
election policy of the party during the
Leaders were uncertain as to the
form in which the Woman's party an
nouncement of policy would be off!
cially made. Some favored resolu
tions definitely withdrawing support
from the Democratic administration
without formal indorsement of other
presidential candidates or parties
Other leaders suggested formal in
dorsement of the parties which had
indorsed the equal suffrage movement.
Hope for Wilson's Support.
National officers declared the party
would await action by President Wil
son or Congress until late today,
when formal action will be taken.
Few leaders expressed hope that
the national administration would ac
cord the desired assurances of sup
port for national woman suffrage, but
Mrs. William Kent of California said,
it was entirely within the range of
possibility that President Wilson,
would send an indorsement of the
Woman's party program before the ex
ecutive session was convened.
EASTERN PUBLISHERS CUT
EDITIONS TO SAVE PAPER
Philadelphia Publishers Agree to Re*
duce Size of Issues Because of
Philadelphia, Aug. 10.As a result
of a series of meetings of the news
paper publishers of Philadelphia, call
ed to consider the serious situation
confronting them, caused by what are
practically famine conditions in the
news print paper market, the following
agreement was unanimously reached:
All daily, evening and Sunday news
papers will immediately reduce the
size of their issue to the extent of a
total in excess of 80 pages weekly.
That, beginning September 1, next
the accepting from wholesale purchas
ers of unsold copies of all morning,
evening and Sunday newspapers will
be discontinued. Heretofore this privi
lege has been granted to newsboys,
news agents, news stands and carriers.
ROOM FOR 15,000 NEW GUARDS
Camping Sites on Border Prepared for
El Paso, Texas, Aug. 11.Campings
sites are being prepared here for 15,-
000 more militiamen. It is understood
that many regiments still at mobiliza
tion points their respective states
will be sent to the border.
Only three per cent of the militia
men and regulars along the border are
ill from any cause, according to re
ports to General George Bell, Jr In
most cases their illness is of a minor
TURKS WILL AID AUSTRIANS
Ottoman Troops Re-enforce Teutons in
and Around Lemberg.
London, Aug. 11.A dispatch to the
Daily Telegraph from Rotterdam says
the Austrians in and around Lemberg
have been re-enforced by 15,000 Turks,
who include nearly all the Ottoman
troops recently concentrated in Mace
donia. The correspondent adds that
Acting Marshal Von Hindenburg visit
ed Lemberg August 1 and inspected
the Turkish troops.
Pope Plan's Protest to Germany.
Paris, Aug. 8.The pope, after a
careful study of the protest against the
deportation of inhabitants of northern
France, has decided to make a protest
to Germany, according to a news dis
patch The protest was sent to the
pope by the bishop of Lille and thej
archbishop of Rheims It is stated that
the pope will ask Berlin that at least
women and young girls be sent back
to their homes and that he wiil public
ly express his reprobation of the Ger
man military authorities, if his protest