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FRENCH VICE PREMIER ISSUES
STATEMENT OF GRATITUDE OF
HIS NATI ON AT STAND
ALL FREEDOM'S FORCES
ARE TODAY LET LOOSE
Heartily Applauds America's Long
Suffering Patience Before Appeal-
ing to Force and Only Then
When There Can Be No
Washington, April 28.In a state
meat to the American press, Rene Vi
yiani, France's vice premier and head
of the war mission, said the co opera
tion of the United States would mean
not only a military victory which was
already assured but a victory of mor
ality and right. He expressed deep
gratitude tor the enthusiastic recep
M. Viviani's statement follows
"I am indeed happy to have been
choben to represent the greetings of
the French republic to the illustrious
man whose name is in every French
month today, whose incompai able mes
sage is at this very hour being read
and commented on in all our schools
as the most perfect charter ot human
rights and which so fully expresses the
virtues of your racelong suffering
patience betore appealing to force, and
force to avenge that long sutfeung
patience when there can be no other
Tribute Is to France.
"I ask you to repeat a thousand fold
the expiession ot our deep gratitude
for the enthusiastic leception the
American people has granted us in
Washington It is not to us, but to
our beloved and heroic France that re
ception was ac corded.
"For us your children have shed
their blood and the names of your
sacred dead aie Ascribed forever in
"Your inexhaustible generosity was
not the charity ot the fortunate to the
distressed, it was an affirmation of
your conscience, a reasoned approval
of your judgment.
Upholding Valiant Struggle.
"Your tellow countrymen knew that
under the savage assault ot a nation
of prey which has made of war, to
quote a famous saying, its national in
dustry, we were upholding with our
incomparable Allies, faithful and val
iant to death, a struggle for the vio
lated rights of man
"And now the United States rises in
Its strength as a champion of right and
rallies to the side of France and her
"From today on all the forces of
freedom are let loose. We work to
gether as free men who are resolved
to save the ideals of mankind."
"REPUBLIC," CRY IN SWEDEN
Royalty Guarded as Alarm Spreads
London, April 24.A news telegraph
from Copenhagen regarding the work
ers' demonstration before the Swedish
parliament in Stockholm while the
food situation was being discussed,
"Throughout the delhery of the
speeches in the Riksdag the crowds
outside were quiet, but occasional
cries for a republic and a revolution
were to be heard.
"This demonstration has caused air
ezonnous sensation in Stockholm and
rumors of a revolution are persistent
throughout the country. Fresh demon
strations of a far more serious charac
ter are expected \a 1. The royal cas
tle is being strictly guarded by marine
MEXICO WARNS GERMANS
AGAINST ANTI-U. S. ACTS
Government Threatens AH Teutons
Who Concentrate on Border With
Washington, April 27.Official ad
vices to the State department today
said the Mexican government had
-warned Germans in Mexico that any
concentration of Germans near the
American border will be followed im
mediately by their arrest.
1 Smuggled Drugs Seized.
New York, April 27. Narcotic
drugs, said to be \alued at $500,000,
smuggled into the United States from
England and Canada, have been seized
by the internal revenue officers in
vtwo apartments in this oit and taken
-to the custom house. Two young Rus
sians arc under arrest, charged with
having the drugs in their possession.
Plot To Destroy Liners.
Philadelphia, April 26.That work
men repairing the seized Hamburg
American liners Prinz Oscar and
Rhaetic accidentally disco\ered a r*ot
to blow up the ships, and that a search
is being made among the interned Ger
2cae crtfwa, has been reported. Work
men said one of them accidentally
knocked against a steam cylinder
which, despite a wall of three inch
steel, gavo way. An examination \a
said to have revealed four inch square
holes carefully plugged and painted
jsf^mfgt -v '1
Hugh Gibson, formerly secretary of
the United States embassy in London,
is in charge of the new publicity bu
reau of the state department. This
bureau works under rules and regula
tions made by the national commission
of public information. Mr.'Gibson is
assisted in the work by Phillip Patch
en, a former New York Sun man.
UPHOLDS RIGHT TO CRITICIZE
PRESIDENT IS AGAINST CURB ON
VOICE OF PEOPLE.
Opposes Anything in Proposed Censer'
ship Measure That Would Abridge
Exercise of Privilege.
Washington, April 28. President
Wilson in a letter to Arthur Brisbane
of New York, declared he is opposed
to any system of censorship that
would deny to the people of the United
States "their indisputable right to crit
icize their own public officials
Replying to a letter from Mr. Bris
bane on the espionage bill pending in
Congress, the President wrote
"I approve ot this legislation, but
v\ hatever action Congress may decide
upon, so far as I am personally con
cerned, I shall not expect or permit
any part of this law to apply to me
or any of my official acts in any way
to be used as a shield against criti
Invites Intelligent Cflfticism.
"I can imagine no greater disser
vice to the country than to establish
a system of censorship that would
deny to the people of a free republic
like our own their indisputable right
to criticize their own public officials
While I exercise the great powers of
the office I hold, I would regret in a
crisis like the one through which we
are now passing to lose the benefit of
patriotic and intelligent criticism.
"In* these trying times one can feel
certain only of his motives which he
must try to purge of selfishness of
every kind and await with patience
for the iiidgment of a calmer day to
vindicate the wisdom of the course he
has tried conscientiously to follow
MAY FIGHT WITH THE ALLIES
Greece Said to Be on Point of Enter
New York, April 26.A cablegram
quoting an Athens newspaper with the
statement that Greece is on the point
of entering the war on the side of
the Allies has been received by the
Atlantis, a Creek daily newspaper
"The Greek daily newspaper, Em
bus, Athens, in an inspired leading
article, states that Greece is about to
anter the war on the side of the Al-
lies," the cablegram reads "The new
prime minister will be Alexander
Zaimis. who has made proposals to
the Allied powers which have been
AMERICAN IS HELD PRISONER
Announcement by Enemy May Mean
Ship Has Been Sunk.
London, Aprii 27.The taking oi
the first American prisoner of war by
Germany has been reported to tie
American embassy through the Ameri
can consul at Glasgow.
It is usually the practice of the
Germans to take prisoner captains of
merchantmen sunk by their submar
ines. In view of this fact the above
dispatch may mean that an American
vessel has been sunk
Hawaii Indorses Draft Army.
Washington, Apiil 27Resolutions
of the Hawaiian legislature pledging
support to the President and indors
ing universal militarj service were
presented to the House by Delegate
Would Exchange War Speakers.
Winnipeg. April 27 Letters have
een sent by the Industrial bureau to
the presidents of the chambers of
commerce at Minneapolis and Chica
go suggesting an exchange of speak
ers to address the people on war top
ics. The idea is to have prominent
western Canadians speak in those
American cities weekly in return for
similar speeches from prominent
Americans sent to Western Canada.
The idea grew out of the recent dis
play of the American flag with the
Union Jack OA er a marching regiment.
TH TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, MINN.
INS ALO il REGION
ADVANCE IS PRECEDED BY BOM
BARDMENT FOLLOWING LONG
STRUGGLE FOR MASTERY
CONTINUES IN WEST
Thousands of German Dead Strew Bat-
tlefields Where Troops Have Been
Engaged in Titanic Struggle
British Make Further Gains
South of Scarpe River.
London, April 27.An official state
ment says that the British forces in
Macedonia have advanced nearly a
third of a mile along a mile front be
tween Doiran lake and Doldzeli, near
Salomki. The statement says:
"After a preliminary bombardment
lasting three days, we attacked the
enemy's position on a front of two
and a half miles between the southern
end of Doiran lake and a point north
west of Doldzeli. North of the Jatter
place we advanced nearly one-third of
a mile on a front of one mile.
"During the night four counter-at
tacks were repulsed with losses and
our position'was consolidated.
"Further east we succeeded in pen
etrating the enemy's trenches, but
were unable to retain the captured
ground. The fighting continues."
Thousands of Dead Germans.
Thousands of- German dead strew
the battlefields over which the British
and Germans have been engaged ior
the last three days in titanic strug
gles for mastery. The British troops
have made further gams south of the
Scarpe river in their advance toward
Cambrai, and also have captured the
hamlet of Bithem, which lies midway
between Arras and St. Quentin.
Violent fighting continues around
Monchy, where the British attacked
three times, but were repulsed with
heavy losses, according to Berlin.
Along the French front the artillery
activity everywhere continues violent.
Twice the Germans essayed infantry
attacks, but in each instance they were
stopped by the F"rench artillery fire.
Heavy casualties were inflicted on the
Germans in an effort to wrest the
Hurtebise farm from General Nivelle's
FREIGHT RATE INCREASE
IS DELAYED ONE MONTH
New Tariffs Subject to Revision and
Change Before Being Put Into
Washington, April 27. The inter
state Commerce commission has pre
scribed the method of procedui in the
15 per cent rate advance cases by
permitting the railroads to file supple
mental tariffs covering the increase.
The new tariff's will be subject to
portest, suspension, complaint, investi
gation and correction, the commission
announced, and their filing is only
preliminary to detailed consideration
of the application and does not dis
pose of the cases.
Indications are that the commission
will soon set dates for hearings at
which the merits of the increases will
be considered and shippers and other
Interested parties will be given an op
portunity to state their views fully.
The effective date of the order,
should it be finally approved, is
changed from June 1 to July 1.
RESTRICTS SALE OF LIQUOR
Sweden Bans Intoxicants From April
24 to May 12.
Stockholm, April 25.Sale by retail
of all distilled liquors is forbidden
throughout Sweden from April 24 to
There is reason to believe the order
has a connection with the great May
day demonstration planned by labor
The official explanation of the ban
on liquor is that the excise authorities
desire to make an inventory of the
available spirits in the kingdom.
WAR LID ON IN MINNEAPOLIS
Saloons in River District Must Close,
Safety Board Rules.
Minneapolis, April 26.Every saloon
In the river district of Minneapolis has
been ordered closed by the state pub
lic safety commission, as a military ne
In addition to the saloons, which
number 38, every pool hall and movie
theater except those facing on Nicol
let, Hennepin and Washington avenues
must also be closed. Thirteen pool
hall3 are affected by this order..
Ousted pro-German Professor Watched.
Chicago, April 24.Federal officials
are reported closely watching the ac
tivities and speech of Scott Nearing,
ousted professor of social sciences at
Toledo university. Nearing's recent
statement in an address at the Uni
versity of Chicago that "'following the
Prpsident now would lead to the ruin
of the republic" is regarded in some
quarters as at least seditious if not
treasonable!, German propagandists
are again becoming active here, feder
al officials declare
mends Legislation to Permit Re-
opening of Oil Trust Case.
Washington, April 25.Domination
of the gasoline industry lfy Standard
Oil interests, the federal trade com
mission has just reported to the sen
ate, has been largely responsible for
high gasoline prices of the last two
Real Competition Prevented.
The report, written after an exhaust
ive investigation into the entire pe
troleum industry, declares interlock
ing stock ownership prevents any real
competition among the various Stand
ard Oil companies, and the commission
recommends legislation to permit re
opening of the oil trust case to obtain
modifications of the supreme court's
Would Segregate Pipe Lines.
Recommendation of the commission
made "with a view of preventing or
remedying the conditions" include the
abolition by legislation in certain cases
of common stock ownership in corpora
tions which have been members of a
combination dissolved under the Sher
man law, the segregation of pipe line
ownership from other branches of the
petroleum industry and the fixing by
congressional legislation of gasoline
No Evidence of Collusion.
No conclusive evidence was found,
it is stated, that collusion exists among
the Standard companies in violation
of the decree, but the commission's
findings have been transmitted to the
Prices are declared to have been
raised arbitrarily, although natural
causes contributed. Pronounced in
equalities were found in different
parts of the country.
BRITISH COMMISSION IN WASHINGTON
Arrival of the British war council commission at the residence in Wash-
ington provided for its occupancy, and A. J. Balfour and Secretary Lansing
photographed at the Union station as the commission arrived.
STANDARD OIL IS BLAMED
LARGELY RESPONSIBLE FOR HIGH
PRICE OF GASOLINE.
Federal Trade Commission Recom-
LABOR COMMITTEES NAMED
Appointments Announced With Gom
pers at Head.
Washington, April 26. Appoint
ment of national labor committees to
supervise the continuous operation of
measures to safeguard workers and
adjust all questions involving working
standards is announced by Samuel
Gompers, chairman of the labor com
mittee of the Council of National De
Naming of the committee followed
an appeal by the defense council to
employers and employes of the coun
try to refrain from taking advantage
of the war conditions to change work
ing conditions and wage standards by
resorts to strikes and checkouts. At
the head of committees will be an ex
ecutive committee with Mr. Gompers
COMMISSION TO EVERY
MAN WHO QUALIFIES
Washington, April 26.It is offl
daily stated at the 'War depart
merit that a commission will be
given to every man who qualifies
for one in the officers' reserve
corps training camps to be opened
"Dry Zone" Around Fort Snelling.
Fort Snelling. April 27.A "dry"
zone 2*4 miles wide around the Fort
Snelling military reservation will be
established May 1 under a second
mandatory order of the state safety
commission. It will be "dry" for *he
duration of the war. Four saloons
two at the Mississippi river bridge
entrance to the reservation and two
more at Mendotamust close under
the order. The first mandate of the
commissiau closed 38 saloons and 13
poolrooms in Minneapolis' so-called
Bridge Square district.
DISTRIBUTION OF U. S.
TENTATIVE PROGRAM ALLOWS
ALLIES $500,000,000 A MONTH.
Virtually Every Dollar of Big Loan
Would Be Spent in Thjs Country,
According to Plans.
Washington, April' 28.Preliminary
reports to the treasury department,
upon which Secretary McAdoo will
base his recommendations to the Pres
ident as to the size of the first bond
issue under the $7,000,000,000 war fi
nance law, indicate that the United
States will be called upon to finance
the Allies to the extent of at least
$400,000,000 and possibly $500,000,000
Would Be Kept at Home.
The tentative program also calls for
the expenditure of virtually every dol
lar of the borrowed money in this
country for foodstuffs, monitions, coal,
clothing, railway equipment and oth
er supplies. The estimates indicate
the following Allies' needs:
For Great Britain $200,000,000 to
$250,000,000 a month for France from
$100,000,000 to $125,000,000 for Rus
sia a sum up to $100,000,000 a month
depending upon the ability for manu
facturing plants in this country to
meet her demands, mostly for sup
plies other than foodstuffs and muni
tions for Italy, about $50,000,000 a
Should these requirements be met
in their "entirety the $3,000,000,000
available for lending the Allies would
be exhausted in from six to seven and
one-half months. It is likely, howev
er, that the preliminary estimates can
be pared down to a point where, with
out omitting essentials, the huge loan
could be made to cover requirements
for a much longer period of time, pos
sibly for one year.
GERMAN U-BOAT IS SUNK
BY AMERICAN STEAMER
Gunners on Mongolia Make Clean Hit
at Thousand Yards Destroy
London, April 26.Captain Rice of
the American steamship Mongolia,
which has arrived at a British port,
told the Associated Press that the
Mongolia had fired the first gun of the
war for the United States and sunk
a German submarine.
The submarine, Captain Rice said,
was abo*it to attack the great liner in
British waters on April 19.
Clean Hit of 1,000 Yards.
He declared there was absolutely no
doubt that the boat was hit and
that there WAS every reason to be
lieve it was destroyed.
The naval gunners on board made a
clean hit at 1,000 yards. The periscope
was seen to be shattered.
AMERICAN SCHOONER IS
VICTIM OF A SUBMARINE
The Percy Birdsall Sunk by Shell Fire
Crew Rescued by Patrol Boat
Soon After Attack.
Washington, Aoril 27.The Ameri
can schooner Percv Birdsall has been
sunk by submarine gunfire, according
to a state department announcement.
The crew was rescued by a patrol
boat soon after the attack.
For Alleged Neutrality Breach.
Washington, April 27.The supreme
court has been asked to review the
cases of R. K. Blair and Dr. Thomas
Addis, British subjects convicted at
San Francisco of conspiracy to recruit
Englishmen in this country for service*
in the British army. They examined
and furnished transportation to about
125 British subjects who desired to
return to England. The defendants
contended that the British subjects
were not specif cally engaged for
army enlistment, but might be used
in industrial pursuits.
FRENCH MISSION IN
FRANCE ANXIOUS FOR AMERICAN:
EXPEDITIONARY FORCE BE-
SIDE ALLIES ON EURO-
prAN BATTLE FRONT.
VICE PREMIER RECEIVES
PARTY OF NEWSPAPER MEN
Conferences Are Expected to Be Com
pleted Within Few Days After
Which French Commissioners
May Visit Several Ameri-
Washington, April 28.Conferences
between members of the French war
mission and American government offi
cials for exchanges of views regarding
the conduct of the war against Ger
many, began here after the leading
commissioners had paid official calls
on President Wilson, Vice President
Marshall and Secretaries Lansing,
Baker and Daniels.
Of foremost importance was a long
talk between Marshal Joffre and mem
bers of h'z staff, and Secretary Baker,
Secretary Scott, chief of staff, and
several other American army officers.
It took place at the home of Henry
White, former American ambassador
to France, where the French visitors
are being entertained.
France Wants U. S. Army.
France is known to desire the send
ing of an American expeditionary
force to co-operate with her armies
and Marshal Joffre came to the Unit
ed States prepared to give reasons for
the opinion of F-ench military experts
that the sending of such a force is
Correspondents Are Received.
Soon after the conclusion of the
conference Rene Viviani, vice premier
of France, head of the mission, re
ceived newspaper correspondents in
the drawing room of the White home.
Busy Day Is Spent.
The mission spent a busy day be
ginning with a call on Secretary Lan
sing. They remained with Secretary
Lansing five minutes, and to the ac
companiment of applause and cheer
ing, went to the White House, where
they were received by President Wil
son in the Blue room.
M. Viviani presented to the Pres
Ident a letter from President Poin
care, in which the friendship existing
between the two republics was em
phasized. The President, through an
interpreter, expressed his apprecia
Visit Many Cities.
There will be many conferences be
tween American and French experts
on military, naval, financial and com
mercial questions at once. It is con
sidered probable that unless present
plans are disturbed, the conferences
may be concluded by next Tuesday.
Several members of the mission are
anxious to visit some of the larger
American cities and some of the his
toric spots connected with American
history. If opportunity present it
self, they may visit Philadelphia, New
York, Chicago, Valley Forge and Bos
ton. ROOT TO BE CHAIRMAN OF
COMMISSION TO RUSSIA
Former Secretary of State Accepts
Appointment After Talk at White
Houseto Leave Soon.
Washington, April 27.Elihu Root,
former secretary of state, after con
ferences with President Wilson and
Secretary Lansing, formally accepted
the chairmanship of the American
commission to Russia.
Mr. Root spent an hour with the
President at the White House discuss
ing the Russian situation. The Presi
dent outlined fully what he desired to
The commission will be composed of
three or four principal members and
a staff of secretaries and assistants. It
is expected to leave for Russia within
a few days.
^EPPELIN IS DESTROYED
Entire Crew Is Lost When Big Craft
London, April 27.The destruction
of a Zeppelin of the latest type is re
ported in an Amsterdam dispatch. It
is said German deserters who have
reached Maestricht, Netherlands, said
the airship was destroyed in a storm
east of Duisburg, Rhenish Prussia,
on a trial trip between Friedrichshafen
and Wilhelmshafen It was overturned
by the gale and exploded causing the
death of the entire crew and two offi
cials from the Zeppelin plant.
Germans Want Republic.
Washington, April 27.Official dis
patches from Berne to the State de
partment announce the appointment
there of a committee to advocate the
establishment of a Republican govern
ment in Germany. The commission is
headed by Dr. Roese Meyer, former
editor of the Morgen Post of Berlin.
Establishment at an early date of a
newspaper to further the work of the
committee at Berne is announced. The
publication will be known as the Freie
Zeitung and will advocate a repub
lican government for Germany.