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THREE THOUSAND ANGRY PER-
SONS SWEEP THRU STREET
DETERMINED TO RID CITY
OF NEGRO LABORERS.
SALOONS ARE WRECKED
NEGROES ARE BEATEN
Small Detachment of Soldiers Quar
tered in Town Unable to Cope With
Mob and Mayor Appeals to the
Governor for* More Troops to
East St. Louis, 111., May 30.A mob
estimated at 3,000 persons, determined,
as they shouted, to rid the city of ne
groes imported to work in factories
and munition plants., have swept thru
the streets, attacking and beating ne
groes wherever found. Several ne
groes probably were fatally injured.
The mob stopped street cars and in
terurban cars in its search and at an
early morning hour was threatening
to storm the jail, where at least a
scorp of negroes had been taken for
wife keeping. Ambulances made the
rounds of the streets where the mob
had traveled to pick up unconscious
and injured blacks and take them to
hospitals and temporary shelters.
The police were helpless against the
mob. Mayor Fred Moilman appealed
to Major \V. Oavanaugh, in charge
of two companies of the Sixth Illinois
infantry, quartered in the town for
aid. Major Cavanaugh, headinq a de
tail of 125 men, helped to light back
the mob while seveial negroes were
rescued, but soon it became evident
that this small lorce of soldiers was
Governor Appealed to for Troops.
Mayor Mollman then telegraphed
Governor Low den to send additional
The beginning of the riot, resulted
Horn GO members of the East St. Louis
tiatles and labor union visiting the
regular mooting of the city council
to protest against the impoitation of
negroes lrom Mississippi to work in
factories of the city.
It was estimated that 8,000 blacks
had been brought into the city since
Mayor's Appeal Fails.
When the meeting adjourned, hun
dreds of persons were assembled out-
sit'r* the building. The mayor mount
ed the running board of an automo
fie and made another appeal counsel
ling the crowd to remain quiet. He
was applauded and the crowd moved
away. A block lrom the city hall one
ot the crowd declared he heard a ne
gio accost a white woman.
"Get that nigfor." some one shout
ed and in an instant dozens were cry
ing for a rope. A policeman with
Vimwn gun rescued the black. The
crowd was apparently peaceable until
news was received that two white
men had been held up and shot by a
inegro who was said to have been
wounded in return Efforts of the
jiolice to quell the spirit of the mob
tailed. Do/.ens of saloons were
wrecked in the negro district and
every negro found was beaten.
OUTLINES AIMS TO RUSSIA
President Sends Important Document
to New Government.
Washington, June 1. President
Wilson has sent a document to the
Russian government outlining the war
aims of the United States and, it is
understood, dealing with the position
of "no annexation, no indemnities,"
set out by Russian officials.
It Is not ,to be published until Am
bassador David R. Frances in Petro
grad has had an opportunity to pre
sent it to the Russian government and
then it will be given out in Wash
The terms of the communication
meanwhile are regarded as highly con
fidential. REFUSES CHINA PREMIERSHIP
Li Ching-Hsi Declines to Serve Re
volts Are Threatened.
Peking, June 1.Numerous military
governors have demanded the cancel
lation of the presidential mandate dis
missing Tuan Chi-Jui from the pre
miership, considering the president's
action unconstitutional. Li Ching-Hsi,
whose nomination as successor to
Tuan was approved by the senate, has
refused to accept the premiership.
The military governors of Honan,
Anhwei aiiJ Shantung provinces, and
at Mukden, have threatened to de
clare their independence unless their
demands for the cancellation of the
mandate are conceded.
Expects Russia to Succeed.
Walla Walla, Wash., June 1.That
the masses of the Russian people are
unreservedly committed to the cause
of the Allies and are strongly in favor
of continuing the war because they
hate Germany and realize that a Ger
man victory would mean the loss of all
they have gained in the revolution
Was the statement made public hen
by G. N Day. secretary of the interna
ional committee cf the Vcung Men*
hristian association, who for ci\ jear-.
was stationed at Petn srad. Day left
Petrogiad April 10.
LIBERTY GULLING PATRIOTS
WILSON SAYS U. S. RESPONSE
WILL COMMAND ATTENTION.
President, at Arlington, Asserts Senti
ment of Pity for Soldier Dead
Should Be Changed to Envy.
Washington, June 1.America's re
sponse to the call of liberty in the
struggle of the world will hold the at
tention of all mankind, President Wil
son said in a Memorial day address
at Arlington national cemetery. In
observing the day, he said, the natural
touch of sorrow is tinged with reas
surance, because, knowing how the
men of America have responded to
the call of liberty there is perfect as
surance that the new response "will
come again in equal measure, with
The President spoke in the natural
ampitheater in ..the cemetery at a
meeting arranged by the loyal Grand
Army of the Republic and attended by
thousands. He said he did not pity
the men in whose honor the ceremo
nies were held.
Envies the Veterans.
"I envy them rather," he went on,
"because theirs is a great work for
liberty accomplished and we are in
the midst of a work unfinished, testing
our strength where their strength al
ready has been tested."
The time for action, he said came,
"and in the providence of God, Amer
ica will come once more to have an
opportunity to show to the world that
she was born to serve mankind."
World War an American Struggle.
"When you reflect upon it these men
who died to preserve the union, died
to preserve the instrument which we
are now using to serve the worlda
free nation espousing the cause of
human liberty. In one sense the great
struggle into which we have now en
tered is an American struggle, because
it is in the sense of American honor
and American rights, but it is some
thing even greater than that it is a
world struggle. It is a struggle of
men who love liberty everywhere and
in this cause America will show her
self greater than ever because she
will rise to a greater thing."
AMERICAN LEGION FLAGS
ARE HONORED IN LONDON
Colors Placed Beside Altar at St.
Paul's Cathedral To Remain There
Until After the War.
London, May 31.It was like another
America day at St. Paul's Memorial
day when the colors of the American
legion in the Canadian contingents
were placed beside the altar to remain
there until after the war. There were
five flags, one from each battalion
the Ninety-seventh, Two Hundred
Eleventh, Two Hundred Twelfth, Two
Hundred Thirteenth and Two Hundred
Thirty-seventh. They were escorted
to the Cathedral by 500 Canadian sol
As the troops passed up the central
aisle the crowd which filled the edifice
sang "The Battle Hymn of the Repub
lic" and later "Onward, Christian Sol
diers." At the conclusion of the ser
vice the "Star Spangled Banner" was
sung, followed by "God Save the
King." POLICE QUELL CHICAGO
Bruised Heads and Arrests Follow
Rioting Started by 2,000 Undesir-
Chicago, May 29.An anarchistic
mob of some 2,000 undesirables of the
pro-German socialistic element held an
overflow peace terms meeting in the
Auditorium and came to grief when a
riot call was sent in and police and
secret service reserves scattered the
participants, broke heads, arrested
many and took the ringleaders before
the government investigating bureau,
where they were to be Questioned and
later arraigned in court.
Arrests of several suspected Geiman
agents was expected as a direct result
of the riot, it was announced by Hin
ton G. Clabaugh, special investigator
for the department of justice.
BRITISH CASUALTIES, 114,118
May Losses Are Tabulated and Pub
lished in London.
London, June 1.British casualties
as published in May totalled 114,118
officers and men killed, wounded and
missing. The details showed:
Killed. Wounded. Missing.
Totals ..27,390 79,480 r,248
Ambassador Elkus Quits Today.
Amsterdam, June 1.A dispatch
from Constantinople via Berlin states
that Ambassador Abram I. Elkus, his
wife and 26 attaches of the American
embassy and consular service in Tur
key left last night for Berlin, en route
Sailors' Complaints Start Probe.
Washington, June 1.Disturbed by
the outbreak of scarlet fever and
measles at naval recruiting stations on
shore and at sea, and by the condi
tion reported to exist on the hospital
ship Solace, Surgeon General W. C.
Braisted of the navy has gone with
the Atlantic fleet to make an investi
gation of conditions. Recently, it was
stated. Secretary Josephus Daniels
with Admiral C. Palmer and Sur
geon General Braisted visited the fleet
on an inspection trip, and no com
i p.^iu.s reached their ears.
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, MINN.
fORNADO TOLL IS 78 LIVES
ILLINOIS AND MISSOURI TWISTER
CAUSES ENORMOUS LOSS.
Hundreds Are Injured in Windstorm
Which Sweeps Over Several Coun-
ties in Two States.
St. Louis, June 2. Seventy-eight
persons were killed in the tornado
that swept through several counties
in Southeast Missouri and Southern
Illinois, according to dispatches re
ceived from various sources. Hun
dreds were injured and the property
loss was enormous. Wires are down
in the storm-swept districts and com
munication virtually is impossible.
The greatest loss of life was at Zalma,
a village in Bollinger county, Missouri,
where it was reported by the Globe
Democrat correspondent at Marble Hill
that 25 lives were lost and 200 were
injured. This report was taken to
Marble Hill by Dr. Parrar, who said
he was certain his estimate of the
dead was conservative. There is no
communication with Zalraa except
overland, and the roads are almost
Fourteen persons were reported kill
ed near Chaonia in Wayne county,
two at Fredericktown, six at Success,
three at Licking, three at Aquilla,
two at Salem, one ,at Lenox, four at
Dongola, one at Advance, one at Bis
marck, and several of those hurt at
Mineral Point died, the total dead
there now being placed at nine. Pour
negroes were killed in Southern Illi
nois. The storm in Missouri was most
severe in Bollinger, Soott, Wayre and
VILLISTAS TAKE TOWN
ON AMERICAN BORDER
Attack Ojinaga, Opposite Presidio,
Texas, Surprising and Routing
Presidio, Texas, May 31.A Villa
.force attacked Ojinaga, opposite here,
surprising government troops there
and causing them to flee to the Ameri
can side, leaving their arms in Mexico.
Captain Pedro Ornelas and two sol
diers of the Ojinaga garrison, who
were wounded during the fighting,
were brought to the American side.
All women and children from Ojinaga
escaped to the American side when tho
WEEK'S U-BOAT TOLL 21 SHIPS
Decrease of Mine Sinkings of British
Vessels From Previous Week.
London, June 1. Eighteen British
merchant vessels of more than 1,600
tons were sunk in the last week, it is
officially announced. One vessel of less
than 1.600 tons and two fishing ves
lels were sunk.
The losses total 21 as compare with
total of 30 lost in the previous week.
While the losses of vessels exceeding
1,600 tons each remain the same as in
the last previous report, the number
of vessels of less than 1,600 tons is
reduced from nine to only one. The
number of fishing vessels sunk is re
duced from three to two.
The week's arrivals numbered 2,719
FIRST FLIGHT IS SUCCESSFUL
S. Navy Dirigible Travels 500 Miles
In Five Hours.
Washington, May 31.The first
dirigible balloon built for the navy
much after the pattern of the British
"Blimps" made a successful flight
from Chicago to Akron, Ohio. Leav
ing Chicago at noon she landed with
out mishap at Akron about 5 p. m. fly
ing an airline distance of about 500
Kaiser Thanks Troops In Prison.
Copenhagen. June 1.The corre
spondent of the Berlin Tageblat re
ports that Emperor William, during
bis recent visit to the Arras line, ad
dressed delegations from the troops
fighting on the Aisne. He thanked
them and said in part: "The decision
lies near at hand. You will turn it in
our favor as you have on every pre
vious occasion because you realize
hat you arc fighting forthe future
of your children and grandchildren,
the future of the beloved fatherland
of us all."
Members of Ihe Italian war commission photographed in Washington. In the center is Prince Eugene of Udine,
ftephew of the king of Italy, with Secretary Lansing and Colonel Harts on either side of him. At the left is shown Sena-
tor William Marconi, the wireless inventor, leaving an automobile at the Leitor home, where the commission is housed.
Signor Marconi is a member of the commission.
ANNOUNCEMENT OF TEUTON
TERMS MADE FOLLOWING
ENUMERATE SIX POINTS
Oppose Annexation and Indemnities
and Would Curtail Mechanical
Means Employed in Maritime
and Aerial Warfare.
Stockholm, June 1. The peace pro
gram of the Austrian and German dele
gates to the Socialists conference to be
held here as formulated in a group
conference, provides for no annexa
tions, no indemnities and restriction
of mechanical means which may be
employed in maritime and air warfare.
Teutonic Peace Program.
The six chief points of the pro
gram are enumerated as follows:
ThirdThe south Slavic lands and
Austro-Hungarian crowns lands to re
main in the dual monarchy, but So
cialists should support the efforts of
their inhabitants to gain autonomy.
FourthFinland and Russian Po
land to be independent states. The
people of Galicia to have autonomy
under the sovereignty of Austria. Un
der this head the assertion is made
that "an enduring solution of the Po
lish problem can be expected to be
reached in the future by free agree
ments between the two Central powers
and the independent state of Russian
Freedom of Sea Commerce.
FifthRestoration of freedom of
commerce on land and sea, modifica
tion of the protectionist system, the
establishment of "international admin
istration" for all mrritime routes and
interoceanic canals internationally
built and administered railways.
SixthReturn to the maritime prin
ciple established by the Paris peace
treaty of 1856, especially regarding
the prohibition of the arming of mer
chantmen abolishment of prize courts
reduction of the contraband list tak
ing therefrom especially all raw ma
terials for clothing or food modifica
tion of the rights of blockade and "re-
striction of mechanical means which
may be employed in maritime and air
The delegates go on record as oppos
ing the annexation of Belgium and de
clare themselves as "being friendly to
Serbia's independence, which state, by
joining with Montenegro, can assure
itself of an outlet to the sea."
NAVY TO NEED 600,000 MEN
Prediction Made by Officer in Chicago
Chicago, June 1. "The United
States navy will need 600,000 men be
fore we are through with this war,"
said Captain W. A. Moffet, command
ant at the Great Lakes Naval Training
Station, in an address before members
of the Press Club of* Chicago.
"This nation thinks itself great," he
said. "It is in the mightiest war of
history, its naval forces already are
engaged in it. Instead of training re
cruits for navy service it is swearing
men into service and sending them
back home on government pay because
of lack of training facilities. Between
7,000 and 8,000 men have been so ac
cepted. We ought to be training men
night and day."
Thousands Pass Guthrie Bier.
Pittsburgh, May 31.Memorial day
took on a deeper meaning in Pitts
burgh as thousands filed past the bier
upon which the body of the late Geo.
W. Guthrie. United States ambassador
to Japan, lay in state in Memorial hall.
Citizens of all ages passed in con
tinuous procession for nine hours. It
was Pittsburgh's tribute to the man
who once served as the city's mayor
and who has been termed "the city's
foremost citizen." The body arrived
here after the 8,000-mile trip from
BUSS TBBOPS PLEDGE KS
KERENSKY'S PLEA STIRS ARMY
TO PATRIOTIC ACTION.
New Spirit of Determination to Carry
on War Apparent as Result of
Petrograd, June 1.Minister of War
Kerensky is successfully accomplish
ing his task of spurring Russia's sol
diers to fight.
A new spirit of determination is ap
parent in front dispatches from those
sections where the Lloyd George of
Russia has made his whirlwind cam
The provisional government has ap
proved a proposal to raise 2,000,000,000
rubles (about $1,030,000,000) and take
steps for securing for the treasury
"the supply of paper money which al
ready has become indispensable."
The government has also decreed re
pressive measures against the abuse
The provisional government on the
proposal of the Finnish senate has
proclaimed the complete or partial re
mission, of sentences pronounced on
all Finnish citizens for crimes or of
fenses committed prior to March 20,
Pledge Lives to Russia.
One incident on the Southwest front
reported is typical of the new enthusi
asm displayed by the troops. There
Kerensky and Albert Thomas, minis
ter of munitions for France, both ad
dressed a conference of officers and
soldiers. Kerensky concluded with an
impassioned plea that the fighting men
"give their lives to Russia so that the
fruits of the revolution might be se
The audience was galvanized into
action. Every man rose to his feet
shouting: "We swear it!" A tumul
tuous demonstration followed in which
Kerensky and Thomas were borne
from the meeting on the shoulders of
MUNITIONS AND SUPPLIES
SECRETARY TO BE NAMED
President Expected to Name New
Cabinet Official at An Early
Washington, June 1.Having added
one new ex-officio cabinet member in
the person of Herbert C. Hoover, food
administrator, President Wilson is ex
pected shortly to announce the ap
pointment of a secretary of munitions
Conferences between the Presi
dent, Secretary of War N. D. Baker
and Attorney General T. W. Gregory
have taken place this week with re
gard to the proposed new position.
Bernard Baruch will soon be named
officially as government purchaser of
Later the post of secretary of trans
portation may be added, but for the
time being the transportation work
will be left in the hands of the ad
visory committee of the national coun
cil of defense, acting in co-operation
with the railroad executives' commit
tee. GERMAN PASTOR IS ARRESTED
Mill City Minister Charged With
Minneapolis, June 1.Rev. Charles
L. Lehnert, pastor of the Central Ger
man Methodist church, Minneapolis,
has been arrested by federal agents
on a charge of threatening the presi
dent of the United States.
The arrest was the result of a reply
to a form letter sent to all Minneapo
lis clergymen by the Minneapolis Lib
erty Loan committee asking them to
^reach sermons that would help in
selling the bonds.
Memorial Fund for Nurse's Parents.
Chicago, May 30.A memorial fund
has been started here which will be
sent to the parents of Miss Helen
Burnett Wood, the Chicago nurse
killed on the steamer Mongolia by the
rebound of a defective shell, as
token of appreciation and esteem r
which the nurse was held. The par
ents reside in Musselborough, Scot
land. The mother has been confined
to her bed for over two years and the
father incapacitated for work by grief I,should unite in bringing about such
over the loss of two sons with the I action on Japan's part gr the earliest
English armies in France. possible moment.
Sir DRAFT FOES
THROUGHOUT U. S.
SCORES OF ARRESTS ARE MADE.
BY FEDERAL AGENTS WHO
DECLARE CONSPIRACY IS NA-
TIONAL IN SCOPE.
MANY INDICTMENTS ARE
PREDICTED TO FOLLOW
Several Socialists of Prominence Are
Among Those Taken, Women Also
Being IncludedConspiracy Is
Charge i^ade Against All
Washington, June 2.A score of al
rests have been made in various cities
of the United States by Federal au
thorities in their campaign to check
organized opposition to registration
Four men and one woman were tak
en into custody at Kansas City three
men and one woman at Topeka, Kan.,
three were arrested in New York, three
at Columbus, one in Lawrence, Kan.,
and a young man was taken from a
ship off the Pacific coast. The latter
is believed to have been attempting to
evade the draft.
The government officials asserted
that evidences had been discovered
of anti-registration plots ot nation
wide scope. Scores of indictments
were predicted within the next few
Woman Among Those Taken.
Several Socialists of prominence
were among the number arrested. The
three taken in New York were colle
gians. A woman enrolled at Barnard
college was among the number.
Conspiracy to defeat the draft was
the charge placed against those taken.
Nine Are Rounded Up.
Kansas City. June 1.Federal au
thorities of Western Missouri and Kan
sas have begun the rounding up of
persons suspected of being partici
pants in alleged anti-conscription plots.
Four men and one woman were taken
into custody ht-re while at Topeka,
Kan., three other men and a woman
The arrests here were only the first
of which Francis D. Wilson, assistant
district attorney, said would reach a'
large number before the convening,
June 6, of the special grand jury, call
ed to consider only cases growing out
of violation of the registration act.
Gubernatorial Aspirant Arrested.
Topeka, Kan., June 1.Prof. George
Kleighe, Socialist candidate for gover
nor of Kansas in 1914, has been ar
rested in Lawrence OH a federal war
rant charging him with conspiracy in,
connection with agitation against the
selective draft law.
U. S. COAST IS WATCHED
FOR FLEEING SLACKERS
Steps Taken by Government to Pre
vent Men Subject to Registration
From Leaving Country.
Washington, June 2. It is an
nounced that steps have been taken
by the Department of Justice to pre
vent men subject to military registra-]
tion from leaving the country before^
Jacksonville, Fla., June 1.Sheriffs
along the Florida Coast are watching
for slackers who might attempt to
leave for foreign shores by launch orf
jptearner to escape registration. Gov
ernor Catts says he has information
that not a few draft subjects have
already left for Cuba.
FOOD HOARDING A FELONY
May Be Made So by Senate Amend
Washington, June 2. Hoarding
storage or destruction of food, fuel or
other necessaries of life to limit sup
ply or affect prices would be a felony
under an amendment to the govern
ment's first food bill adopted in the
Senate without a record vote.
Violation would be punishable by im
prisonment in the penitentiary for not
less than six months nor more than
three years. Holding by farmers Or
others of the products of land culti
vated by them i* exempted.
Villa Qu'ts Border Town.
Presidio, Texas, June 2.The Villa
commander who took Ojinaga, the
Mexican town opposite here bv sur
prise, slipped out of the place during
the night and is reported to be mov
ing up the Concho river toward San
Juan, Chihuahua. A Mexican boy and
an aged Mexican camp follower, both
wounded, were the last to leave the
town, having been brought to this side*
for medical treatment, and Ojinaga is
Japan Needed In War Chilean Says.
New York, June 2.Alejandro Al
varez of Chile, secr.ary general of the
American Institute of International
Law, addressing the conference on
foreign relations of the United States
at Long Beach, declared that "the
safety of the American state demands
that Japan should enter the war with
all resources." The Latin-American
countries of South America and the
United States, Mr. Alvarez asserted.