Newspaper Page Text
The Modern Day Farmer Applies
Business Methods and Seeks
More than a Living on
A nation-wide cry is being made for
more economy and greater production,
and probably never was the need of
foodstuffs equal to that of the present.
Grain prices are the highest in the na
tion's history and today the agricul
tural fields of America offer induce
ments that are unequaled in any other
line of commerce or business. The
ideal life is that close to nature, en
joying the freedom of God's great out
doors and fulfilling a duty to human
ity by producing from a fertile soil
that which is essential to the very ex
istence of a less fortunate people who
are actually starving to death for food
stuffs that can be produced so eco
nomically in the United States and
High prices for all grains, undoubt
edly, will be maintained for a number
of years, and it appears a certainty
that the agriculturist will reap a
bounteous return for his labor and at
the same time carry out the demands
of patriotic citizenship. A wrong con
ception has been generally noticed as
to "Life on the Farm." It has been,
to a large extent, considered as only
a place to live peacefully and afford a
living for those who are satisfied with
merely a comfortable existence. Such
a wrong impression has been created,
in a measure, by the lack of systema
tic busBiess principles to farming in
general. But today farming and agri
culture have been given a supremacy
In the business world and require the
same adfranced methods as any other
line of commerce. In no other busi
ness does a system adoption pay bet
ter than on the farm, and it is certain
that there is no other line of work,
that, generally speaking, needs it as
much. The old idea of getting a living
off the farm and not knowing how it
was made and following up the details
of each branch of farming to get theYields.On
maximum of profit, at the least ex
pense, is fast being done away with.
Farming is now being considered as
a business and a living is not sufficient
for the modern agriculturist a small
per cent on the investment is not
enough, the present-day farmer must
have a percentage return equal to that
of other lines of business. The prices
for produce are high enough, but the
cost of producing has been the factor,
In many places, that has reduced the
profit. It is the application of a sys
tem to the cost of various^work on the
farm that it is possible tcTJive figures
on profits made" in grain-growing in
Mr. C. A. Wright of Milo, Iowa,
bought a hundred and sixty acres of
land *n Western Canada for $3,300 In
December, 1915, and took his first crop
from it in 191G. After paying for the
land in full and the cost of cultivating
It and marketing the grain, he sold his
grain at $1.55 a bushel (a low price
compared with the present market),
had a surplus of $2,472.67. His figures
are as follows:
4.4S7 bushels worth
$1.55 at Cham-
Threshing bill lie
per bushel 493.57
Seed at 95c 144.00
Hauling to town
Total cost 1.1S2.18
Cost of land 3,300.00
Net profit after
paying for farm
and all cost $2,472.67
S. Joseph and Sons* of Des Moines,
la., are looked upon as being shrewd,
careful business men. Having some
spare money on hand, and looking for
a suitable investment, they decided to
purchase Canadian lands, and farm
With the assistance of the Canadian
Government Agent, at Des Moines, la.,
they made selection near Champion,
Alberta. They put 240 acres of land
fn wheat, and in writing to Mr. Hew
itt, The Canadian Government Ageat
at Des Moines, one of the members of
the firm says: "I have much pleasure
In advising you that on our farm five
miles east of Champion, in the Prov
ince of Alberta, Canada, this year
(1916) we harvested and threshed 10,-
600 bushels of wheat from 240 acres,
this being an average of 44 bushels
and 10 pounds to the acre. A con
siderable portion of the wheat was
No. 1 Northern, worth at Champion,
approximately $1.85 per hshel, .mak
ing a total return of $19,610, or an ar
erage of $81.70 per acre gross yields.
And by aid of a thorough system were
able to keep the cost of growing wheat
at about 25 cents a bushel."
Messrs. Smith & Sons of Vulcan,
Alberta, are growers of wheat on a
large scale and have demonstrated
that there is greater profit in Western
Canada wheat-raising than probably in
any other business anywhere. Speak
ing of their experience Mr. Smith
"I have three .sections of land at the
present time and am farming yearly
1,200 to 1,400 acres of land. My re
turns from the farm for the past two
years have been around 200%, that is
for every dollar I have spent I have
received three, now I do not know
where you can do that well.
"This is surely the country for thq
man with the small capital as the land
is still reasonable in price, payments
in long term and work of all kinds for
every man to do. I feel that if I was
turned out here without a dollar that
in less than ten years I could own a
section of land and have it well
Western Canada's soil and climate
is suitable to graining large and prof
itable yields of wheat. Many so large
that those not acquainted with the
facts hesitate to believe the reports
sent out by the farmers in that coun
try. As an evidence of their sincerity
in reporting correct yields affidavits
of a couple of grain growers are repro
"I, Newell J. Noble, of the town of
Nobleford, Province of Alberta, do
solemnly declare that from 1,000 acres
of wheat on the said farm there was,
in the season of 1916, threshed 54,395
bushels of wheat, being at the average
of 54 bushels and 23 pounds per acre.
And that from 394.69 acres of oats on
the said farm, there was threshed in
the said season of 1916, 48,506 bushels
of oats, being at the average of 122
bushels and 30 pounds per acre.
"And I make this solemn declara
tion conscientiously, believing it to be
true and knowing that it is of the
same force and effect as if made un
der oath and by virtue of The Canada
Evidence Act." NEWELL J. NOBLE.
A Woman Takes Affidavit as to
January 4, 1917, Mrs. Nan
cy Coe of Nobleford made oath as fol
In the matter of yield of wheat, oats
and flax on my farm for harvest of
1916, I, Nancy Coe, of the town of
Nobleford, Province of Alberta, do sol
emnly declare that I threshed from
115 acres on my farm 6,110 bushels of
wheat (machine measure, which It Is
believed will hold out in weights fully
about three-fourths of the crop al
ready having been weighed), being at
the average of 53 bushels and 8
pounds per acre, and that from 48
acres of flax on stubble ground, I
threshed 993 bushels of flax, being at
an average of 20 bushels and 38
pounds per acre, and that from 5.06
acres of oats I threshed 586 bushels,
machine measure, being at an average
of 115 bushels and 27 pounds per acre.
Sir Beerbohm Tree's Tact.
As most people who have the pleas
ure of his acquaintance know perfectly
well, Sir Beerbohm Tree is a very tact
ful man. He is also an exceedingly
critical judge of a good cigar, and
heartily detests the smell even of a
He was alone in a railway carriage
when a young man entered, and, sit
ting down opposite to him, puffed
away heartily at a "weed" too awful
"Are you aware, sir," inquired Sir
Beerbohm in his most impressive man
ner, "that this is not. a smoking car
With an apologetic remark, the
youth flung his humble smoke out of
the window. A minute later he ob
served incredulously: 'Butbut you
are smoking yourself."
"Quite so," replied Sir Beerbohm
blandly, "but I thought you might have
conscientious scruples. Erhave one
The youth selected with alacrity a
prime imported Havana from the prof
fered case, lit up, and soon the pleasing
aroma from two excellent cigars per
vaded every corner of the carriage.
For Home Consumption.
Back-yard farms should be conducted
solely for the purpose of supplying
vegetables for home consumption.
There should be no thought given, to
selling to your neighbors plan the
satire "farm" for your personal use.
Your neighbor has an equal opportu
nity to produce vegetables, and if he
ha not availed himself of his oppor
tunity, the loss is his.A. T. Hastings,
in Collier's Weekly.
A writer says that brains will tell.
However, sometimes It is brains that
keep a man from telling.
What is Castoria
is a harmless substitute for Castor 03, Paregoric,
Drops and Soothing Syrups. I is pleasant I contains neither
Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic substance. It age is its guar-
antee. For more than thirty years it has been in constant use for the relief
of Constipation, Flatulency, Wind Colic and Diarrhoea allaying Feverish-
ness arising therefrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Bowels,
aids the assimilation of Food giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's PanaceaThe Mother's Friend.
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been in use for over
80 vears. has borne the signature of Chas. H. Fletcher, and has been made under
ms personal supervision since its infancy. Allowno one to deceive youin this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and*'Just-as-Good"are but Experiments that
trifle with and endanger the health of Infants and ^tf
Children-Experience against Experiment t/Ly^Z^^J^
Genuine Castoria always bears the signature of *-#Laf7X'*CC*4M
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, IWNN.
FOR THOSE WHO
Government Has Issued Circulars
Dealing With Questions to
MAKE WORK EASIER JUNE 5
The Following Detailed Information
Should Be Read by All Who Are
of the Age Called Upon
to Do Military
The law ltLjuires every man who has
passed his twenty-first birthday and
not yet reached his thirty-first birth
day on June 5 to register that day for
There are no exceptions.
All men from twenty-one to thirty
must register. Exemptions for health
or other reasons will come later.
This newspaper publication Is the
only notification you will get.
A prison sentence is the penalty for
failure to register.
The government has adopted a plan
to facilitate and simplify the filling In
of conscription registration cards June
5. Circulars containing the twelve
questions to be asked and advice as to
how they should be answered have
been prepared for distribution.
How Answers Should Be Made.
The circular, which bears the head
ing, "How to Answer Questions on
Registration Cards," reads as follows:
"Questions will be asked for you to
answer in the order In which they ap
pear on this paper. These questions
are set out below with detailed Infor
mation to help you answer them.
"Do not write on, mark or otherwise
mutilate these instructions* Do not re
move them. They should be carefully
read so that you will have your an
swers ready when you go before the
1. Name In full. Age in years,
"This means all your names spelled
out In full.
"State your age today In years only.
Disregard additional months or days.
Be prepared to say 'nineteen* or
'twenty-five,' not 'nineteen years
three months' or the like.
"2. Home address.
"This means the place where you
have your permanent home, not the
place where you work. Be prepared
to give the address In this way: '232
Main street, Chicago, Cook county, Il
linois that is, give number and name
of street first, then town, then county
Write Birth Date In Advance,
"Date of birth.
"Write your birthday (month, day
and year) on a piece of paper before
going to the registrar and give the pa-#
per to him the first thing. Example:
'August 5, 1894.'
"If you do not remember the year,
start to answer as you would If some
one asked you your birthday, as 'Au-
gust 5.' Then say, 'on my birthday
this year I will be (or was) years
old.' The registrar will then fill In
the yar of birth. Many people do not
carry in mind the year they were
born. This may be obtained by the
registrar by subtracting the age in
years on this year's birthday from
"4. Are you (1) a natural born citi
zen (2) a naturalized citizen (3) an
alien (4) or have you declared your
intention to become a citizen (specify
"(1) If you were born In the United
States, including Alaska and Hawaii,
you area natural born citizen, no mat
ter what may have been the citizen
ship or nationality of your parent*. If
you were born in Porto Rico you Ufa a
citizen of the United States, unless
you were born of alien parentage. If
you were born abroad, you are still a
citizen of the United States, if your
father was a citizen of the United
States at the time you were born, un
less you have expatriated yourself.
"(2) You area naturalized citizen if
you have completed your naturaliza
tion that is, if you have 'taken final
papers.' But you are not a citizen if
you have only declared your intention
to become a citizen (that is, if you
have only 'taken out first papers') in
the latter case you are only "a 'declar-
"You are also a naturalized citizen
if, although foreign born, your father
or surviving parent became fully nat
uralized while you were under twenty
one years of age, and if you came to
the United States under twenty-one.
"(3) You area declarant if, although
a citizen or subject of some foreign
country, you have declared en oath be
fore a naturalization court your inten
tion to become a citizen of the United
States. Receipt from the clerk of the
court of the certified copy of such
declaration is often called 'taking out
first papers.' You are not a declarant
ENFIELD RIFLE TO BE ARMquantities
Can Be Turned Out Quickly and In
Quantities by Factories That Are
Now in Operation.
Manufacturing facilities for the
Springfield rifle are not adequate to
supply the number required for the
larger force which the United State?
may decide to send abroad and to re
place the wastage of such a force.
Fortr.natcly the existing small-arm*
'uctcries which have been turning out
if your first paper was taken out after
September 20, 1900, and is more than
seven years old.
"(4) You are an alien if you do not
fall within one of the three classes
5. Where were you born?
"First name the town, then the state,
then the country, as 'Columbus, O.
Vienna, Austria 'Paris, France
"6. If not a citizen, of what country
are you a citizen or subject?"
What Is Your Job Right Now?
"7. What is your present trade, oc
cupation or office?
"This does not ask what you once
did, nor what you have done most of
the time, nor what you are best fitted
to do. It asks what your job is right
now. State briefly, as farmer, miner,
student, laborer (on farm, in rolling
mill, in automobile, wagon or other fac
tory, etc. If you hold an office under
state or federal government, name the
office you hold.
"If you are In one of the following
offices or employments, use one of the
names hereafter mentioned: 'Custom
house clerk, 'employed in the transmis
sion of the mails,' or 'employed In an
armory, arsenal or navy yard, 'mar
iner actually employed in the sea serv
ice of citizen or merchant within the
"8. By whom employed? Where em
"If you are working for an individ
ual, firm, corporation or association
state its name. If in business, trade,
profession or employment for yourself,
so state. If you are an officer of the
state or federal government say wheth
er your office Is under the United
States, the state, the county or a mu
nicipality. In answer to the question
as to where you are employed give the
town, county and state where you
"9. Have you a father, motlitr wife,
child under twelve or a sister or broth
er under twelve solely dependent upon
you for support (specify which)
"Consider your answer thoughtfully.
If it is true that there is another
mouth than your own which you alone
have a duty to feed do not let yoyj.
military ardor interfere with the wislx
of the nation to reduce war's misery to
a minimum. On the other hand, unless
the person you have in mind is solely
dependent on you do not hide behind
petticoats or children.
"10. Married or single (which)?
Race (specify which)?
"This does not ask whether you
were once married, but whether you
are married now. In answer to the
question as to your race state briefly
whether Caucasian, Mongolian, negro.
Malayan or Indian.
Declare Military Service, If Any.
"11. What military service have *you
had? Rank? Branch? Years? Na
tion or state?
"No matter what country you
served, you must give complete infor
mation. In answering these questions
first name your rank, using one of the
following words: 'Commissioned oili
cer,' 'noncommissioned officer,' 'pri-
vate.' Next, state branch in which you
served in one of the following words:
'Infantry,' 'cavalry,' 'artillery,' 'medi-
cal,' 'signal,' 'aviation,' 'supply,' 'urn
rine,' 'navy.' Next, state the nuinbei
of years' service, not counting time
spent in the reserve. Finally, name
the nation or state you served. If you
served under the United States or one
of the states of the United States,
name your service in one of the fol
lowing terms: 'National Guard' (of
such and such a state), 'militia' (of
such and such a state), 'volunteers of
Uited States' or 'regular army (navy)
of United States.*
"12. Do you claim exemption from
draft? Specify grounds.
"Because you claim exemption from
draft, it by no means follows that yon
are exempt. For the information of
the war department you should make
a claim now If you intend to prosecute
it. Some persons will be exempted on
account of their occupations or offices,
some on account of the fact that they
have relatives dependent upon them
for support. Your answer touching
these things will be important in sup
porting the claim you now intend to
make In your answer to the present
questions. Be sure, therefore, that
the grounds you now state are In con
formity with* your answers to ques
tions 7 and 8.
"In stating grounds you claim as ex
empt ing you use one of the following
terms: If you claim to be an execu
tive, legislative or judicial officer of
the state or nation, name your office
and say whether it is an office of the
state or nation. If you claim to be a
member of a religious sect whose creed
forbids its members to participate in
war in any form, simply name the sect.
If you are employed in the transmit
sion of the United States mails or a
an artificer or workman in an armory
arsenal or navy yard of the United
States, or if you area mariner em
ployed in the sea service of any citi
zen or merchant within the United
States, so state. If you area felon or
otherwise morally deficient and desire
to claim exemption on that ground
state your ground briefly. If you
claim physical disability, state that
briefly. If you claim exemption on
any other ground, state your ground
of rifles for the British army
are equipped to manufacture the En
field- rifle in more than sufficient ntnn
her. Therefore it has been decided to
adopt the Enfield rifle, but manufac
tured to use American ammunition.
Our government will continue to
manufacture the Springfield model, the
ammunition for which wiV be inter
changeable with that of the new i:.i-
The United States is in a very sati-*-
factory position so far a* all typs of
ammunition are concerned.
FARMERS ARE WORKING HARDER
And using their feet more than ever before.
For all these workers the frequent use of
Allen's FootEase, the antiseptio powder to
be shaken into the shoes and sprinkled in the
foot-bath, increases their efficiency and in*
sures needed physical comfort. It takes the
Friction from the Shoe, freshens-the feet,
and prevents tired, aching and blistered feet.
Women everywhere are oonstant users of
Allen'8 FootEase. Don't get foot sore, get
Allen's Foot-Ease. Sold by dealers every
Long and Short of It.
"I wonder why it takes pay day so
long to come around?"
"It only seems long when you're
short, and the shorter you are the
longer it seems."
FIERY RED PIMPLES
That Itch and Burn Are Usually
EczematousCuticura Quickly Heals.
It needs but a single hot bath with
Cuticura Soap followed by a gentle
application of Cuticura Ointment to
the most distressing, disfiguring
eczemas, itchings and burnings to
prove their wonderful properties. They
are also ideal for every-day toilet use.
Fuee sample each by mail with Book.
Address, postcard, Cuticura, Dept. l\
Boston.* Sold everywhere.Adv.
It seems to be difficult for a bride
to resist putting whipped cream over
everything.Kansas City Journal.
A fast mule often has a loose hind
pric paid for them.
WOMEN! IT IS MAGIC!
"THE SHOE THAT HOLDS ITS SHAPE"
$3 $3.50 $ 4 $4.50 $ 5 $ 6 $7 & $ 8 AtWVfffflEii
Sa ve Money by Wearing W L. Douglas
shoes. For sale by over 9000 shoe dealers.
The Best Known Shoes in the World.
L. Douglas name and the retail price is stamped on the bot
tom of all shoes at the factory. The value is guaranteed and
the wearer protected against high prices for inferior shoes. The
retail prices are the same everywhere. They cost no more in San
do in New York. They are always worth the
he quality of W. L. Douglas product is guaranteed by more
40 years experience in making fine shoes. The smart
styles are the leaders in the Fashion Centres of America.
They are made in a well-equipped factory at Brockton, Mass.,
by the highest paid, skilled shoemakers, under the direction and
supervision of experienced men, all working with an honest
determination to make the best shoes for the price that money
Aak your shoe dealer for W. L. Douglas shoos. If he can
at supply you with the kind you want, take no other
make. Write for interesting booklet explaining how to
get shoes ef the highest standard of quality for the price,
by return mail, postiigo free
LOOK FOR W.
name and the retail
stamped on the bottom
Open-Air Exercise and
fore or afterwards. If your druggist
hasn't freezone, tell him to order a
small bottle for you from his whole
sale drug house.adv.
Carter's Little Liver Pills
Ifyou can't get all the exercise you should have, its all
LIFT OUT ANY CORN
Apply a few drops then lift
corns or calluses off with
Just think! You can lift
off any corn or callus
without pain or soreness.
A Cincinnati man discov
ered this ether compound
and named It freezone. Any
druggist will sell tiny bot
tle of freezone, like here
shown, for very little cost.
You apply a few drops di
rectly upon a tender corn
or callus. Instantly the
soreness disappears, then
shortly you will find the
corn or callus so loose that
you can lift It right off.
Freezone is wonderful. It
dries instantly. It doesn't
eat away the corn or cal
lus, but shrivels It up with
out even Irritating the sur
Hard, soft or corns be
tween the toes, as well as
painful calluses, lift right
off. There Is no pain be-
Her Hands Full.
"Are you affiliated with any reform
"Yes, I'm a wife."
When Your Eyes Need Care
Try Murine Eye Remedy
r?o Smarting Just Bye Comfort. 60 cents at
DrvmUtm or ms.lL Write for Free Bro Book.
BfUBUTB EYE BE3I2DY CO-, CHICAGO
the more important that you have the
other tried-and-true remedy for a tor
pid liver and bowels which don't act
freely and naturally.
Take one pill every night more only
when you're sure Its necessary.
CHALKY, COLORLESS COMPLEXIONS NEED
CARTER'S IRON PILLS
Weil-Known to Editors.
"They say he's well-known au-
"He's had at least a hundred stories
Symptoms of More Serious
Washington Park, 111."I am th
mother of four children and have suf
fered with female
nervous spells and
the blues. My chil
dren's loud talking
and romping would
make me so nervous
I could just tear
everything to pieces
and I would ache all
over and feel so sick
that I would not
want anyone to talk
to me at times. Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound and Liver Pills re
stored me to health and I want to thank
you for the good they have done me. I
have had quite a bit of trouble and
worry but it does not affect my youth
ful looks. My friends say Why do you
look so young and well 1 I owe it all
to the Lydia E. Pinkham remedies.'*
Mrs. ROBT. STOPIEL, Sage Avenue,
Washington Park, Illinois.
If you have any symptom about which
you would like to know write to the
Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn,
Mass., for helpful advice given free of
W. L. DOUGLAS
W. L. Douglas Shoo Co.,
185 Spark St., llrockton, Mass.
Time to Go Slow.
"The ofllcer said you were exceeding
Ihe speed limit in your car."
"That's silly, your honor."
"Why is it silly?"
"I guess you'd think it silly If your
knew where I was going."
"Where wore you going?"
"To my dentist's."
There are now In the British lsle
3,210,000 women employed outside
their own homes.
HADE F?0H THE HIGHEST GRADE DURUM WHEAT
COOKS IK 12 MINUTES. COOK BOOK FREE
SKINNER MFG.CO. OMAHA. USA
kq%ejf MtvcM-opi facforu in flrnerick
^XTTTO TO Women as well as men
W XI *.& are made miserable by
O kidney and bladder trou
ble. Thousands recom
"RT A rlfi? mend Dr. Kilmer's
OM^r%.VfXM^ Swamp-Root, the great
kidney medicine. At druggists in fifty
cent and dollar sizes. You may receive a
sample size bottle by Parcel Post, also
pamphlet telling about it. Address Dr.
Kilmer & Co., BinghamtOn, N. Y., and
enclose ten cents, also mention this paper.
no more necessary
than Smllpo x. Armj
the almost miraculous effk
cacy, and harndessness, of Antityphoid Vaccination.
Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, yon and
your family. It Is more vital than bouse Insurance.
Ask your physician, druggist, or send for Have
you had Typhoid?" telling of Typhoid Vaccine*
results from use, anddanger from Typhoid Carriers.
Producing Vaccines and Serunt under (J. 8. UoenM
Toe Cotter Laboratory. Berkoley, Cal.. Chicago, IIL
A toilet preparation of merit.
Holpn to eradicate dandruff.
For Restarb* Color and
Beauty toGray or Faded Hair.
CScand 6' 00 at Drrrcrists.