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Hal Chase Has Lost None
of His Skill Around Bag
Baserunners Know Danger.
Although much farther advanced in
years than when he first broke in with
the Yankees, Hal Chase is the same
graceful performer for the Reds that
used to hold American league fans
spellbound by his work at first base
for the Gotham entry in Ban Johnson's
Nothing seems to be too hard for
Hal to tackle, and the same ease char
acterizes every movement. Chase
most be close to thirty-three years of
age, yet to look at him in action one
would never suspect that the Califor*
nlan has seen nearly tep years of serv
ice In the major leagues.
He has not been troublesome at the
bat thus far In the series, but he is all
over his side of the field,/ind the base
runners never take more than a pass
ing chance with his arm.
Apparently Chase has forsaken his
desire to create trouble for the man
agement or ownership, too. Hal seems
to be one of the most satisfied mem
bers of the Reds, and he works like a
Trojan for Hatty. Like a good many
other star pastimers, Hal possessed
the disposition of a prima donna when
in the American league, but his serv
ice in the Federal and since with Cin
cinnati has wrought a big change in
the clever first baseman.
Women As Farm Helpers
May Ab|y Asatt Solving the Farm-Labor ProblemMaay Ways to
While women can do much in the solution of the complex and rather
pressing farm-labor problem, it should be understood that the man power of
the country is not yet exhausted and that, except for certain lighter tasks,
men are better adapted than women for farm labor.
On account of the demands for labor in necessary industries, and because
for many years past the cities with their attractions of high wages and amuse-
ments have drawn many men from the farms, there is not now enough labor
seeking employment to supply the demand of the farms for extra help, espe-
cially during the periods of seasonal strain for cultivating and harvesting.
While much is being done by the departments of agriculture and labor
to mobilize man power for farming operations, much yet remains to be done
if we are to make sure the saving of the crops which have been planted.
The primary responsibility must be assumed by the regions and communi-
ties most vitally affected, because no agency of government can create labor
or compel men to pursue any particular vocation. In all towns and cities
adjacent to agricultural regions there are many men of farm experience who
can be spared for a day at a time or a week at a time, as the case may ,bei
to help the farmers with their most pressing tasks. In many such towns and
cities last year men were spared from ordinary business and industry, from
offices and shops, and crops were cultivated and harvested which otherwise
might have suffered serious loss. Such adjustments must be made this year
and undoubtedly will be made when the communities affected come into a full
realization of the necessities of the case.
In releasing the men of farm experience in the cities for farm labor, many
women can be utilized to take their places for a few days at a time or for a
whole season. Generally speaking, it will become more and more necessary
for women to take the places of men in all occupations.
In addition to relieving men in towns and cities, women can actually
perform many farm tasks such as dairying, vegetable cultivation, fruit gather-
ing, etc. The precise method of utilizing women for farm labor cannot be
prescribed in any uniform plan, but it will depend upon conditions in the
community and upon the farms. Of eeurse steps must be taken to see that
women laborers ore properly housed and otherwise are safeguarded from
unnecessary hardships. Wom6n who are not physically able to perform labor
may be of great service to farmers by ascertaining their needs for labor and
endeavoring to supply such needs. Organized groups of women eager to
render public service might well undertake by personal visitation to make
surveys of the farm-labor situation in their neighborhood. More helpful even
than that in many places would be for some of the women of the towns and
cities to take the places of their country sisters during the periods of labor,
stress and actually do the housework In order that the women of the farms
may help their husbands. Some of the finest of our American women
are cooking and washing dishes in the hospitals of France. The women of
France are between the plow handles. No good woman would hesitate to
keep house for her sick friends for a week. It would be beautiful service If
city women would keep house for country women for a little while. Of
course this is not as attractive or as romantic as binding up the wounds of
soldiers, but it is one of the things that must be done if the soldiers are to
It does not seem to be possible to work out any uniform plan of mobilizing
farm labor or of directing the employment of women on farms. The important
thing.Is to get the problem fairly before the American people and specially
before the community groups. When a group of Americans, whether of men
or women, understand a problem or realize a necessity, they may be depended
upon to solve the problem and to meet the necessity In the best possible way.
A whirlpool bath Is the novel treat
ment applied at a hospital In Manches-
ter,- England, for cases of rheumatism,
heart disease, shell shock and debility
following typhoid and dysentery. The
tank, large enough for 12 men, con
tains four feet of water and Is pro
vided with seats on which the bathers
ar Immersed to their necks. The
temperature Is kept at 93 degrees Fah
renheit, just below that of the body.
The room is telet and dimly lighted,
and after an hoar In the bath the
seea go to rest roessa.
Fish a Valuable
By the U. S. Department of
Fish, which have always been reck
oned as a valuable food, have been
shown by a series of digestive experi
ments conducted by the department of
agriculture to deserve a more Impor
tant place in every diet. The tests
show that fish are completely, utilized
In the body.
In the experiments Boston mackerel,
butterfish, salmon and grayflsha va
riety not generally used In this coun
trywere made into "fish loaves" and
served as a basis of a simple mixed
diet to young men of healthy appe
Both the protein and the fat of the
fish were well utilized. Following are
the percentages of protein digested:
Boston mackerel, 93.1 per cent but
terfish, 91.9 per cent grayflsh, 92.8 per
cent, and salmon, 93.2 per cent. The
percentages of fat digested were
found to be: Boston mackerel, 95.2 pet
cent butterfish, 86.4 per cent gray
flsh, 94.3 per cent salmon, 93.7 per
In addition to the fish loaf the diet
included potatoes, crackers, fruit,
sugar and tea or coffee. On the aver
age the subjects each day ate 440
grams of Boston mackerel, 471 grams
of butterfish, 440 grams of grayflsh, or
355 grams of salmon, indicating that
in every case the fish was eaten with
Facts Worth Knowing.
An asbestos suit has been
made for workers around furn
Stainless steel cutlery con
tains about 13 per cent chro
mium. The use of this ingredient
in the manufacture of steel for
this purpose has been temporari
"Colbaltcrom" Is a steel made
by a newly-discovered process
which permits of'castings being
made which will act like parts
heretofore turned Into shape.
Iron alloyed with gold has been
Introduced as a substitute for
tin in the making of cans.
Last Son of Revolution.
Nelson Moore, eighty-one years old.
believed to be the last real son of the
American Revolution, died recently at
his home In Omaha. Moore was born
near Vernon. Oneida county. New
York. His father, at the age of fif
teen was fighting with the Continental
army and was with Washington at
Valley Forge. Moore came west and
was a government freighter on the
plains In 1869. In the years following
he had many experiences with Indiana.
He perfectly remembered his father
and remembered many of the Inci
dents of the Revolutionary days told
by the older Moore,
Whales and Porpoises Are
Often Taken for Submarine
By the Watchful Gun Crews.
There is peril in being a whale or a
porpoise lp the north Atlantic these
days, according to Nelson Collips in
the Century. If you are a whale, par
ticularly a spouting whale, you are
apt to be mistaken for a submarine
and if you are a porpoise, you are apt
to be taken for a torpedo. There is
many a shattered carcass and abashed
gun crew. In the phosphorescence of
even winter nights a porpoise just un
der the surface can make an experi
enced lookout have a moment's sus
pense. The line Of white is a little
narrow .and a little high for a torpedo,
but in the first moment a lookout isn't
given to exact measurements. The
white at bow and stern on a phos
phorescent night is conspicuous evi
dence of a ship, though it is a ques
tion how plain it would be through a
periscope at about its own level. From
the decks of the ship Itself or from the
deck of an emerged submarine it flash
es plain. If it could only be camou
flaged along with the smoke. And on
such a night in the zone there is the
eerie sense of more than one subma
rine that has worked her way along
in the white wake of a slow ship, keep
ing tab so through the night and wait
ing for dawn to sheer off and strike.
That is why, as dark comes on, a de
stroyer is apt to drop back from the
side of the ship and lurk along the
wake, seeking its prey also. I remem
ber one velvety black night. Sudden
ly a great white trail shot across our
bow from port to starboard and just a
few yards ahead. If a porpoise Is too
narrow to make a torpedo trail, this
seemed too broad, but deep enough. It
was the wake of a destroyer that had
cut across in a hurry.
A FEW SMILES
Louise, nine years old, asked her
mother: "Where Is pap going?"
'To a stag party," she replied.
"What is a stag party, mammaV
Sister Mabel, seven years old, who
had been listening with dignified at
titude of superior wisdom, answered
Instantly: "It's where they stagger.
Didn't you knowf
WifeTour Aunt Maria Is coming
to visit us, but, really, I don't see how
I can find time to entertain her.
HubInvite your Aunt Eliza and
they will entertain each other telling
about their diseases.
"Is this machine automatic?"
"Absolutely. Needs no attention
whatever. The agent says It will even
pay for Itself."
War Develops There Are
Many Illiterates in U. S.
The war has, as Secretary Lane puts
It id his letter to President Wilson an#
the chairman of the congress commit
tees on education, "brought facts to
our attention that are almost unbe
lievable" with respect to the preva
lence of Illiteracy In this country, ob
serves the New York World.
Nearly 700,000 men of draft age
cannot read or write In any language.
There are over 4,600,000 illiterates
above twenty years old or more. Il
literates above ten years of agethe
common basis of reckoningnumber
Of an- army so vast that, marching
in pairs 25 miles a day. It would be
two months passing the White House,
as Mr. Lane figures, over 58 per cent
are white and 1,500,000 are native
born whites. Immigration la by no
means the sole factor In a condition
that saps the economic as wen as the
mental resources of the country.
"An uninformed democracy Is not
a democracy." Secretary Lane asks
the attention of congress for a bm
forming a bureau of education far
tioa of adult ItUtaraay.
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH. MINN.
It was the first
time that Rich
ard's father had
seen "her," and
they were talk
ing things over.
"So my son. has
proposed to you,"
he said, "and you
him? I think you
might have seen
sweetly as she replied:
"I did, but I think I prefer Rich-
"I understand, Mrs. Grumpy, there
was a great deal of vacillation In your
"Yes'm, but none of it ever took."
A Rational Conclusion.
must buy every-
thing on the In
you think so?"
"I heard Jimmy,
Blnks ask his fa
ther whether the
new baby would
be taken away If
they couldn't keep
up the payments."
Bureau to Save Grain in Threshing
How $50,000,000 Worth of Wheat Alone May Be Conserved Tmt
Year By More Careful Methods
By ROBERT H. MOULTON.
The United States food administration grain corporation of New York
estimates that approximately three bushels of grain are lost in every 100
bushels threshed, because.of careless methods, and believes that this amount
can be saved if every farmer In the country will follow certain simple rules
which have been outlined. If this is done, and figuring on a basis of 800,000,-
000 bushels of wheat for this year's crop, which government reports indicate
is exceedingly probable, it means that the staggering total of 24,000,000
bushels, worth, at $2.20 a bushel* the huge sum of $52,800,000 will be saved
to this country. And this applies to wheat alone. The saving on oats and
other small grains will be in proportion.
In order to Impress upon the. farmers the necessity of employing more
careful methods in threshing, the food administration has just created a
grain-threshing division, under the direction of Capt. Kenneth D. Hequem-
bourg, an active wheat producer of Oklahoma, and has entered upon a cam-
paign which it Is hoped will bring about the desired result. It is proposed
to carry on educational work among farmers through the medium of thresh-
ing committees which will be established in each county. These committees
will be composed of the county food administrator, county agricultural agent
and a retired thresherman representing the local council of defense.
Threshing Scene in the Great Wheat Belt*
Agriculturists, threshing machine men and others with an Intimate knowl-
edge of threshing-machine operations, readily admit that there is a big waste
in threshing operations, but ask how much of this waste can be saved, and
in What manner it can be accomplished. In answer to this, the food admin-
istration grain corporation states that it believes 1% bushels in every 100
threshed Can be saved by having all machines go into harvest in excellent
repair, with ample power, and by seeing that during harvest they are suffi-
ciently adjusted to meet varying conditions, so that a minimum of grain is
blown into the straw pile that one bushel in every 100 threshed can be saved
by having all machines In such repair that very little grain leaks under and
around them on to the ground, and If what does leak out In. this manner, and
Is otherwise scattered about the machine, Is cleaned and threshed before the
machine leaves tile field that bushel In every 100 threshed can be saved
by careful handling of bundles from the shock to the machine or stack, and
by arranging the bundle wagons so that all grain which scatters therein shall
be caught and saved.
The percentage of wheat which has been lost in the past by being dis-
tributed upon the ground or into straw piles to be fed later to the animals on
the farm is a very considerable one, and farmers as a rule have overlooked
these leakages with the excuse that the stock would get the benefit when they
were turned In. The food administration Is particularly anxious to discour-
age this practice during the present year, when no wheat at all should be fed
to animals. Many reports have* already come In of straw piles appearing
green with sprouted grain. In some sections of Kansas threshing outfits
made it profitable practice last year to follow other threshing outfits, pur-
chase the straw pile and rethresh. Instances of from 3 to 7 per cent saving
of wheat by this rethreshlng process have been common.
The importance of having all machinery In perfect shape for threshing
cannot be overestimated. This includes keeping the thresher cylinder up to
speed keeping all teeth straight and sharp seeing that the pulleys and belts
are capable of delivering sufficient power, with a safe margin of excess, to
keep the separator up to the required speed, under average operating condi-
tions making proper adjustment of concaves and other parts of the separator,
and arranging that extra supplies and repair parts are on hand.
The greatest loss in preserved eggs
comes from the fact that fertile eggs
are preserved, according to C. S. An
derson of the Colorado Agricultural
college. Fertile eggs will keep equally
as well as infertile eggs, providing at
no time they have been brought to a
degree of heat where the germ starts
to develop. In holding fertile eggs for
preserving, they should not be allowed
to get above 50 degrees Fahrenheit
During the early spring months this is
easily done, but In warmer weather
poultrymen should take the precaution
and produce Infertile eggs. Fertilisa
tion is not an incentive to egg produc
tion among domestic fowls, and the
number of eggs produced will be In no
The fertile eggs contain no germ to
be developed, withstand more heat,
are slow to decay, and can be preserv
ed with the minimum amount of loss.
Raise Mint and Parsley.
Start a little mint In an out-of-the
way corner. It Is very handy and
will live on for year after year. Ton
will find It a welcome addition to
cocktails, to lemonade and to Iced tea.
Added to lemon Ice, It both colors and
flavors it. It also will furnish materi
al for mint sauce to serve with lamb
and mutton. Parsley, too, should be
planted. Ton wil^flnd use for It every
day for garnishing and also for flavor
ing soups and cottage cheese.
Yield of Tomatoes.
The average yield of tomatoes In
the United States last year Is placed
at about four tone to the acre, accord
ing to Farm Life. Nearly 1.000,000
tons of tomatoes were
that Is, canned and made Into cat
taps, etc. Canneries are offering $15
to $18 the tea for tomatoes this sea-
Men Having Gray Eyes Have
Proved to Be Best Marksmen
Gray-eyed men, says a Fort Worth
correspondent, are the best marksmen.
This has been proved after eight
months* experience at the rifle range
of Camp Bowie, and besides old army
experts will tell you the same thing.
When Capt. B. R. Breese was here
giving his Instruction in the use of the
new rifle he said that proficiency in
marksmanship usually ran according
to the color of the eyes, men, having
gray being the best shots, gray-blue
coming next, blue third, hazel fourth,
brown fifth, and black sixth.
Records show that soldiers whose
eyes are light brown to black cannot
shoot with accuracy at a distance
greater than 500 yards and at 800
yards miss the target altogether.
Even with different nations the
color of the eyes has determined
shooting ability. Nearly every Mex
ican has brown or black eyes and they
wen, they are the poorest shots In
When passion is king, reason
Any man who speaks nothing
but the truth is never garrulous.
If Ananias were living today
he would not be considered so
Usually the more money a
man has the more selfish his
A woman may talk until things^
get serious and then give the
man a chance.
Every man knows how mean
his acquaintances are, but he Is
ever absolutely sure about him
a^asosassaaeasaassosaoai Electric Light Hatches Chicks.
A new system of Incubation hatches
chicks by the heat of an electric light
under a glass bell la which the egaa
T.: .-1 .l^isn'fcl^Y'-1^' ^-y'i.s
THE NEW MINUTEMAN
Be was working- just as peaceful as he
used to work at home
That's anywhere you care to name from
Galveston to Nome
He was oiling up an engine, or was toy
ing with a spade,
When the Teutons took a notion that
they'd like to start a raid.
Well, the worker saw them .cominglike
the spawn spilled out of hell
And he cocked his Yankee eye at them
and said: "Oh, very well.
If my job Is interrupted I'll And some
thing else to do,"
And he shook his hairy Yankee fist at
all the Teuton crew.
Then he hailed a wounded Tommy and he
said. "See here, my son,
I would thank you mighty kindly If you'd
let.me hare your gun
For those chaps have stopped my work
ing and I feel chock-full of spite.
So I guess I'll dig a shelter hole and set
tle down to fight."
He hadn't soldier training and he didn't
But he knew the proper place was
"front," and there he took his stand.
Like a soldier of the soldiers, like a peer
among his peers,
For the credit and the honor of the
And he may he dead or living, but wher
ever be Is found
He will sure be facing forward and hold
ing hard his ground
And he holds his proper station in the
hearts of those at home
That's everywhere that you can name
from Galveston to Nome!
C. C. A Child, in "The Fighting En
Mother's Cook Book
A bar of soap may become a murder
ous weapon. A poor cooking stove has
sometimes been the slow fire on which
the wife has been roasted.
Good Wartime Dishes.
A most tasty combination which was
discovered quite by accident Is the fol
lowing: In preparing a potato salad
for a small family the addition of
two guests made the stretching of the
salad Imperative, so a cupful of nice
ly seasoned cottage cheese, which had
been left over, was added to the pota
to salad, making such a tasty one that
hereafter we will use cottage cheese
with our potato salad. A pimento had
been used to season the cheese, which
added to the appetizing flavor.
Beat one egg, add a cupful of sugar,
a tablespoonful of ginger, two cupfuls
of flour, a half cupful of melted fat.
one cupful of molasses, a teaspoonful
of salt and lastly a cupful of boiling
water In which a teaspoonful of soda
has been dissolved. Bake 40 minutes
in a moderate oven.
Virginia Spoon Bread.
Add a half cupful of hominy to a
quart of water and cook for 25 min
utes, then add two tenspoonfuls of salt,
three beaten eggs, four, tablespoonfuls
of shortening add a cupful of milk,
two cupfuls of cornmeal and one and a
half teaspoonfuls of baking powder.
Mix and beat thoroughly, then bake In
a well greased dish 45 minutes. Serve
with a spoon from the dish.
Take two cupfuls of rolled oats
ground through the meat chopper, add
one-fourth of a cupful of milk, one
fourth of a cupful of molasses, one
and a half tablespoonfuls of fat, one
fourth of a teaspoonful of soda and
one teaspoonful of salt. Mix and roll
thin, cut In squares and bake 20 min
utes In a moderate oven. This recipe
makes three dozen cookies.
Spiced Oatmeal Cakes.
Take one and a half cupfuls of wheat
flour and oatmeal, one-fourth of a cup
ful each of sugar and raisins, one
fourth of a teaspoonful of soda, a half
teaspoonful of baking powder, three
tablespoonfuls of fat, one-fourth of a
cupful of molasses and a half tea
spoonful of cinnamon. Heat the fat
and molasses to the boiling point, mix
and bake In muffin pans for SO min
Onions Good Disinfectant
in Any Case of Infection
Much has been said about the vir
tues of the onion, but few know of its
use as a disinfectant, says the Lon
An onion cut in half and set In a
room will attract to Itself all manner
of germs, leaving the air sweet and
pure it Is therefore most Taluable
In cases of Infection. Ton should
take care, however, to burn the onion
No part of an onion should ever be
used for domestic purposes after hav
ing been allowed to Me about over
night. The eating of raw onions is a
great personal protective in time of
epidemic, and If taken with cucum
bers the breath is left innocent of
any objectionable odor.
New Capt for Yankees.
A new cap without brim or peak,
and matching the army uniform in col
or, is being worn now by all American
soldiers overseas. War depai Unset
statements said the cap not only-Jn
more practical than the regulatloa
campaign hat worn by soldiers In thin
country, but adds to the safety of the
men in the trenches, as in the case of
tall men the campaign hats could be
seen above the parapets. The cap cam
he won under the eteet trench hat-