Newspaper Page Text
Making Home Grdunds Attractive
(By the U. S. Department of Agriculture)
la laying out the grounds around the farmhouse it is important to have
them no larger than the available labor can keep in good condition. Small
grounds well cared for are much more attractive than larger ones w-liich have
:been .allowed to run down. On the majority of farms, say special! sts in the
'United States department of agriculture, two acres will be found sufficient
for all the needs of the farmstead.
Gardens for fruits, vegetables and flowers should always be provided, and
If they are located near the house they will not only be convenient* but they
will add greatly to the appearance of the whole place. Three-fourths of an
A Bank Covered by Wichuriana (Memorial) Roses, With Rugosa Roses Against
the Summer House in the Background.
acre to an acre will furnish about all the fruit and vegetables a farmer's family
will need. The fruit orchard may also be utilized as a chicken run.
There should always be provision for a clothes yard or a placo where
clothes may be hung out to dry, and for a service yard, where wood may be
conveniently piled for use. Those yards, however, should be as secluded as
possible, and it mny bo necessary to shut thorn off by the skillful planting of
bushes and vines. The yards themselves, however, should not be cat up fey
putting shrubs or bods of flowers in thorn.
In planting trees and shrubbery a complete plan should be drawn up be-
forehand and then carried out as circumstances permit. This is much more
satisfactory In the end than haphazard planting each year, because it permits
ultimately of. the completion of a well-thought-out scheme for the beautifica-
tlon of the place.
Among the objects that one should have in view should be the screening
of such objectionable sights as dilapidated buildings, barnyards, piles of dis-
carded rubbish, etc. Attractive views may be framed in foliage and a, border
of plants around a lawn enhances the beauty of the well-cnred-for grass.
W In the selection of plants it is unnecessary and, in fact, inadvisable, to pick
out a great number of different varieties. It. is much better to select a few
that are known to do well in the locality in question. Among those that thrive
Ke a wide area are splrea, privet, dogwood, honeysuckle, hydrangea, mock
orange wild rose and forsythla. Coniferous evergreens and broad-leaved
Evergreen shrubs should also be planted In order that there may some
touch of color around the place even in the whiter. It is net necessary to.
spend large amount of money in obtaining appropriate plants or trees. Many
native shrubs like dogwood, elder, sumach, etc., may be brought from near-by
woods at the cost of the labor, and vines like bittersweet, fivc-lenvcd Ivy,
honeysuckle, clematis, etc., may be obtained without cost. A. very few cents
will provide flower and grass seeds which properly used will work a transfor-
mation in the grounds.
Those who neglect to provide shade
for their hens during the trying sum
mer months are likely to regret it.
The fowls must have comfort as well
If the yards have no shade it will
pay to provide It even though it takes
some time and labor.
Shade is regarded as one of the im
portant items in the care of the flock
for the summer. When the hot days
come on many poultry breeders trans
fer the hens nnd young chickens to
the orchard or to a woodlot. Where
shade is not available a temporary
structure six by ten feet square and
four feet high Is erected this is cov
ered with burlap or canvas. An ideal
place for young fowls is near to the
edge of a corn field where they can
have shade, scratching places and can
find many Insects.
Australia Lost 307,900 Men
Out of an Army of 400,000
Australia's total casualties during
the war, with figures brought up to
February, 1919, totaled 307,900, accord
ing to a*statement made public by the
government of the commonwealth. The
total forces of Australia raised by vol
untary enlistment numbered 400,000
out of a total population of less than
5,000,000. The casualties are divided
as follows: Dead, 58,035 missing. 193
prisoners, 438 wounded, 106.006 sick,
S2,409 unspecified, 219.
:g Swatting the fly Is pretty
risky business for the ballplayer,
if there is a good outfield on the
E Plnribus Unum on the sil
ver dollar means, of course. It
takes many where one used to
do the work.
Think of Uie argument the
world would have been deprived
of if the whale had kept its
mouth shot around Jonah.
Indiana Youngsters Make
Good Profit in Operating
Back Yard Fish-Worm Farm
This Is a worm story and it concerns
fishermen, angleworms, three boys and
the unusual but profitable business i
which the lads are engaged. All the
facts scrambled together and the re
sultthe angle worm company of In
dianapolis, Mike Cain, aged twelve,
Three years ago the boys, who were
playmates, were offered a dime by a
merchant to get him a quart of angle
worms. That was their start, and dur
ing the seasons for angle worms since
then they have built up a trade which
last year called for them to) supply
about ten gallons of worms a week to
fishermen. At the close *of thk 1918
season they decided to form a cewnpany
and announcements were sent to cus
tomers recently that the cwnpany
would supply the worms to the trade
A "worm farm" has been developed
In the back yard of the president. The
worms are fed at regular Intervals and
cared for as a farmer would his live
stock or a poultry fancier his chick
ens. Almost every day boys dd to
the stock on hand by digging in places
where experience has taught them
worms are certain to be found.
If one wants ordinary worms Tie can
get them cheaper than he can "the big
striped, fat ones" which the company
advertises as choice, and the ons fish
In creeks and rivers like besL The
"choice" stock Is retailed at 10 cents
a quart more than the ordinary worms.
The company pays no taxes, a* rent,
has bought only an occasional spade
or bucket, and has no financial losses.
However, the president said he Is not
certain some of the worms hawe not
Fox Raising Real Industry.
An Industry fhat was begun some
years ago as a hobby, that of fox farm
ing, has now grown into a real Indus
try profitable to those engaged in it.
In all the provinces of Canada end In
many of the northern states fox-rais
ing Is carried on extensively. The Jap
anese and Norwegians also nre devel
optng this idea, having suitable cli
matic conditions for the raising of
foxes for the fur market.
I I .J.V-.-.l.-iiJi, -__
Trials and Tribulations
Of the Ever-Patient and
A schoolteacher Is a person who
teaches things to people when they
5re young. The teacher comes to
school at 8:30 o'clock, and when she
has gotten enough children for a mess
in her home she teaches them read
ing, writing, geography, grammar,
arithmetic, music, drawing, cooking,
board sawing, crocheting, deep breath
ing, bird calls, scientific eating, pa
triotism, plain and fancy bathing,
forestry, civics, and other sciences too
numerous to mention. When school
is out, she stays behind with five or six
of her worst scholars and tries to save
the state the job of reforming them
After that she hurries home to make
herself a new dress and snatch a hasty
supper before going back to attend a
lecture by an Imported specialist on
the history of tribal law in Patagonia,
which the superintendent thinks may
be useful in her school work some day.
A great many lecturers raid the coun
try, preying on schoolteachers, and
some of them are very cruel, talking
to them so long that the poor things
have to sit up until morning, when they
get home to get their daily test papers
Schoolteachers* salaries range from
$30 a month up, but not far enough
up to make them dizzy. On her salary
the teacher must dress nicely, buy her
self things for her work which the city
Is too poor to s^t, go to 29 lectures and
concerts a year, buy helpful books on
pedagogy, pay her way to district,
county and state institutes, and en
joy herself during a three-months' va
cation, which her salary takes every
year. In addition, the teacher is sup
posed to hoard away vast sums of
money, so that when she becomes too
nervous and cross to teach, at the age
of fifty or thereabouts, she can retire
and live happily ever after on her in
Origin of Word "Miniature,"
Small, Hand-Painted Portrait
The origin of the "miniature" is as
follows: In the golden days of Roman
literature, to be a successful author
was to be as great as a king, for kings
looked to their poets for immortality,
as Augustus Caesar did to Horace.
Hence it was to be expected that au
thors would feel their importance and
display more or less vanity. One of
their weaknesses was to see their por
trait painted In artistic fashion in
their parchment books. This work was
intrusted to artists called "miniatores,"
that is, artists whose work was large
ly done in vermilion, a color.extracted
from cinnabar, and called by the Ro
mans "minimum." The "miniatores"
chose, the oval form for their beautiful
brilliant portraits on the parchment
books, and hence the origin of the term
"miniature," a small hand-painted oval
or round portrait.
"Too many husbands," said Senator
Kendrick in a discussion of divorce,
"take a brutally materialistic view of
don't want my wife to go away,*
a banker said in my hearing the other
"Moved, I patted him on the arm.
*Ah, you dread the separation, eh?*
'Yep,' he answered curtly'the
separation from the coin.'"
Taken by Surprise.
in the parlor, sis?"
"Mr. Tim mid'
started to kiss me."
"Yes, I was so
surprised that I
fear I got matters
all bungled up."
Had to Be.
~"I hear the newlyweds across the
street had a falling out yesterday."
"How was that?"
Their rear tire blew up."
"I wonder why Jones allows his
wife to domineer over him. He has
the natural right to rule in the
-Yes, but she has the rich uadaT
THE TOMAHAWK, WHITE EARTH, MWH.
SMILES FOR ALL
"When the reporter called on Mme.
Topoffsky she was reclining on a di
van in a 'Lucille' negligee, smoking a
cigarette and feeding bonbons to her
poodle while a solicitous maid hovered
in the background."
*Whnt are you describing anyway?
A prima donna in her boudoir?"
"No. One of our parlor bolshevik!
resting after a strenuous meeting held
in behalf of the downtrodden masses."
ashamed of youi"
"What's the mat
ter, my dear?"
"I caught you
flirting with that
*1 was just try
ing to establish the
my love. That's
the only way to get
any service in this
French Tribute to First Americans to Fall
Eulogy Spoken During Ceremony of Burial by a French Officer
Luxury Tax Law
Affecte Refreshments as Well as
The so-called luxury/taxes provided
in the new internal revenue law affects
ice cream, sodas, sundaes, and all soft
drinks, all bottled beverages made 6T
cereals or substitutes and containing
less than one-half of 1 per cent of al
cohol, unfennented grape juice, root
beer, sarsaparilla, pop, artificial miner
While not classed particularly as lux
uries, carpets, rugs, picture frames,
trunks, portable lighting fixtures,' um
brellas, fans, women's nnd misses hats,
bonnets and hoods and men's and boys'
hats, shoes, neckties, shirts and pa
jamaa also are taxed.
The tax on ice cream and soft drinks
Is 1 cent for each 10 cents or fraction
thereof of the amount paid by the con
sumer. Of bottfed beverages the tax
Is 15 per cent, while on grape juice,
ginger ale, root beer, sarsaparilla, pop
and mineral waters the tax is 10 per
The tax on carpets, rugs, etc., is 10
per cent of the price paid in excess of
a certain amount fixed, which, In the
case of women's hats is $15, and in the
case of mea's and boys' Juits, neck
wear, shirts, etc., Is $5.
Before June 30 owners of pleasure
boats will be taxed $1.25, and on July
1 a tax of $1 to $10, based on the
length and power of such craft, will
Millions of Boys and Girls
Have Physical Defects Which
Impede Their Development
Fifty per cent of 25,000,000 boys and
girls of school age in this country have
physical defects and ailments which
impede their normal development, ac
cording to the annual report of the ex
ecutive committee of the national phys
ical education service. The estimate
was made following numerous investi
gations conducted by members of the
A lack of proper physical education,
such as ploy, athletics, work and gym
nastics was attributed by the commit
tee as the cause for the physical disa
bility, and a broad program of state
and federal legislation for the re
quired education was urged as a means
of bringing children to the proper
Members of the executive committee
include Major-General W. C. Gorgas,
Dr. Charles Mayo, John Mitchell, Dr.
Thomas A. Storey, Willlam'Kent, Dr.
Bichard C. Cabot, Dr. J. H. McCurdy,
Mrs. Percy V. Pennybacker and Mrs.
Mary Boberts Binehart
The following eulogy was spoken during the ceremony of burial by
a French officer as the French tribute to the first American soldiers who
fell in battle:
"In the name of the division, in the name of the French army, and
in the name of France I bid farewell to private Enright, Private Gresham
and Private Hay of the American army. Of their own free will they
left a prosperous and happy country to come over here. They knew
war was continuing in Europe they knew that the forces fighting for
honor, love of justice and civilization were still checked by the long-
prepared forces serving the powers of brutal domination, oppression and
barbarity. They knew that efforts were still necessary. They wished to
give us their generous hearts, and they have not forgotten old historical
memories, while others forgot more recent ones. They ignored nothing
of the circumstances and nothing has been concealed from themneither
the length and hardships of war nor the violence of battle, nor the dTead-
fulness of new weapons, nor the perfidy of the foe. Nothing stopped them.
They accepted the hard and strenuous life they crossed the ocean at
great peril they took their places on the front by our side, and they have
fallen facing the foe in a hard and desperate hand-to-hand fight. Honor
to them. Their families, friends and fellow citizens will be proud when
they learn of their deaths. Men! These graves, the first to be dug in
our national soil, and but a short distance from the enemy, are as a mark
of the mighty land we and our allies firmly cling to in the common task,
confirming the will of the people and the army of the United states to
fight with us to the finish, ready to sacrifice as long as is necessary until
the final victory for the most noble of causes, that of the liberty of nations,
the weak as weli as the mighty. Thus the deaths of these humble sol-
diers appear to us with extraordinary grandeur. We will therefore ask
that the mortal remains of these young men be left here, left with us
forever. We inscribe on the tombs, 'Here lie the first soldiers pf the
republic of the United States to fall on the soil of France for liberty and
justice.' The passer by will stop and uncover his head. Travelers and
men of heart will go out of their way to come here to pay their respective
tributes. Private Enright, Private Gresham, Private Hay! In the name
of France I thank you. God receive your souls. Farewell/'
FOOD FOR THOUGHT 1
Affectation Is a greater enemy
to the face than smallpox.
Affection is the broadest basis
of a good life.George Eliot.
Affliction is the wholesome
soil of virtue.
Africa always brings some
thing new.-rlatin proverb.
Anns and money require good
A headless army fights badly.
Danish Proverb. X-
Polar Star and Some of
the Wonders of This Great
Beacon of the Far North
Most people, if they know nothing
else of astronomy, at any rate know
the pole star, the one star which seems
to keep its place in the heavens with
out movement of any kind. There nre
a great many, however, says the
Behoboth Sunday Herald, who do not
know what a wonderful thing It is, in
the first place, it can be seen when
looked at through a good telescope to
be two stars and not one. There Is
one fairly bright one, of what is known
as the second magnitude, and another
of the ninth magnitude close to it.
But that is not all. The brighter of
the two is really three stars revolving
round one another, or, rather, round
their common center of gravity, like
three children playing "ring a ring of
This secret is revealed to us by wliat
is perhaps the most astonishing of all
scientific Instruments, the spectroscope.
It not only tells us what the stars are
made of, but whether they are moving
toward us or away from us.
When you stand facing the star you
are always facing north. The reason
that It does not appear to move as the
others do is that it is nearly In line
with the axis of the earth. Its dis
tance from us is enormous. This can
be judged from the fact that although
the earth in its journey around the sun
is today about 190,000,000 miles from
where it was six months ago, that
makes no appreciable difference to its
distance from the pole star. It must
therefore be many times 190,000,000
BUDDING TIME TOO BRIEF
0 little buds, break not so fast!
The spring's but new.
The skies will yet be brighter blue,
\And sunny, too.
1 would you might thus sweetly last
Till this glad season's overpast,
Nor hasten through.
It is so exquisite to feel
The light, warm sun
To merely know the winter done.
And life begun
And to my heart no blooms appeal
For tenderness so deep and real.
Of these first April buds, that hold
The hint of spring's
Rare perfectness that May-time brings.
So take not wings! I
Oh. linger, linger, nor unfold
Too swiftly through the mellow mould.
Sweet growing things!
And errant birds, and honey bees,
Seek not to wile
And. sun, let not your warmest smile
Quite yet beguile
The young peach-boughs and apple trees
To trust their beauty to the breeze
"Wait yet awhile!
The successful candidates for presi
dent since I860 were: In 1800, Abra
ham Lincoln received 180 electoral
votes out of a total of 903 in 1864 he
received 216 oat of 237 in 1868 Grant
received 214 in 1876, Hayes, 185 out
of 969 In 1880, Garfield, 214 out of
369 In 1884, Cleveland, 219 out of 401
in 18S8. Benjamin Harrison, 233 out of
401 in 1892, Cleveland, 277 out of 444
in 1896, McKinley, 271 out of 447 In
1900, McKinley, 292 out of 447 in
1904, Boosevelt, 356 out of 476 in 1908,
Taft, 321 out of 483 in 1912, Wilson,
496 out of 531 la 1916, Wilson* 27S
out of 531.
Cincinnati Reds Get Two
in One When Slim Saflee
Is Taken From Wew York
Sometimes when a ball club signs
some particular player it really gets
the equivalent of two athletes by a
simple mathematic.nl process, adding
one man to its own roster and re
moving one from some other club
a fellow-who has been special poison
to the team. For Instance, the
signing by the Cincinnati Beds of
Slim Sallee. In acquiring Sal the
Beds get a good left-handerone of
the best of them all in his day, and
with probably another good season in
Lis composition. But, besides add
ing a southpaw to the club, the
Beds remove from the New York team
a man who was arsenic and prussie
acid to the Cincinnati cluba pitcher
who could always beat Cincinnati and
was sUre to take at least five or six
games away from the Beds each sum
The art of cooking cannot be learned
out of a book any more than the art
of swimming or the art of painting.
The best teacher is practice the best
Seasonable Food for the Family.
A dainty breakfast or any /other
meal well served with a few well-pre
pared dishes is of far more value to
the family than the mere food as
nutrition a good meal has a moral
influence which we often fall to ap
Fillet of Beef With Vegetables.
Wipe a three-pound fillet of beef
and brown In a hot frying pan in hot
drippings when the entire surface
is seared over, turn occasionally, cook
ing for thirty minutes. Bemove the
meat to a serving dish and garnish
with a cupful each of cooked peas
and carrots, the carrots cut in fancy
shapes and well seasoned add one
half pound of mushrooms sauted in a
little butter for five minutes and
Take one-fourth of a cupful of fat,
add five tablespoonfuls of flour and
stir until well browned add a cupful
of soup stock, a third of a cupful of
mushroom liquor and half a pound of
mushrooms cut in pieces and cooked
in butter five minutes. Season with
salt, pepper, and just before serving
add a little more of the fat left from
the frying pan. To obtain mushroom
liquor cook the stems of the mush
rooms in cold water to cover and re*
duce io a third of a cup.
Prepare a rich biscuit dough, roll
out rather thin, butter and place in
two layers with the butter between.
When the cake Is baked It will split
easily. Cover the shortcake when
baked with stewed and slightly thick
ened apricots and juice. A little but
ter spread on the cake adds to Its
Rice With Bananas.
Peel and scrape three ripe bananas
and mash them until creamy, adding
a few drops of lemon juice. Stir this
lightly Into cold, cooked rice and
serve with sweetened cream. This Is
a dessert especially liked by the lit
Chicken gravy poured over buttered
toast makes a nice supper dish or
good for luncheon. Served with a crisp
salad and a cup of cocoa eae has a
Another dish similar to the above
is a white sauce with chopped hard
cooked eggs, poured over toast The
eggs may be leftovers from break
Arrange stoned dates cut hi quar
ters on lettuce with a small spoonful
of mayonnaise In the center, with tba
dates forming rays like the petals of a
flower. This is a salad which tba
children win be allowed to eat.