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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
Official Organ of the Minnesota
B. L. FAIRBANKS Owner.
L. L06AN, Editor and Publisher.
Published Weekly at
White Earth Agency, Minnesota.
Entered at the Postofflce at White
Earth, 5Imn., as mail matter ot the
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.50 PER YEAR IH ADVAHCl
Up to the time of going to press
we are sorry to say, that we have
received no late news from Wash
ington regarding Chippewa mat
Minnesota country bankers are
much concerned over bills intro
duced in both the House and Sen
ate which would deprive them of
the right to draw up certain classes
of legal papers for their patrons.
They say the right to do such is as
old as the banking business, while
the legal profession which is be
hind the move say the practice is
one that should be stopped.
There is a possibility that the
question of a tonnage tax on iron
ore may be put up to the people
direct in the shape of a constitu
tional amendment. Representa
tive C. H. Warner of Aitkin has
advanced the idea and is prepar
ing to incorporate it in a bill which
he will introduce in the House
shortly. He says it will take the
question out of politics, and put
the controversy where it belongs
with the people. In effect it would
be a sur tax with a provision for
8 trust fund in which a part of the
revenue derived would be de
posited. Strange to say the ton
nage tax has not the enthuastic
call in either body that it had two
or four years ago.
Why the Babcock forces on the
one hand are so insistent in the
matter of a one man policy in the
carrying out of the provisions of
Amendment No. 1, adopted at the
Fall election, while another crowd
headed by Senator P. H. McGarry
of Cass county are equally active
in support of a highway commis
sion has several members of the
state legislature guessing. They
do not quite get the idea of it all
at-all. To both Senator McGarry
and Mr. Babcock belongs the big
credit for the adoption of the
Amendment, yet on the proposi
tion of a legislative act for the
proper carrying out of the Amend
ment both are as far apart as the
poles. Mr. Babcock, who at pres
ent is in charge of road building
in the state* wants.all future state
road work directed by a highway
commissioner and insists that the
task should be entrusted to a Com
mission only. The two have their
followers and to say that both are
not busy trying to cinch their
respective idea would be to tell an
untruth. The argument of one is
that responsibility should be cen
tered in one man while the claim
of the other is that an expenditure
of $10,000,000 ot more a year
should not be lightly handed over
to an individual. How far either
have gotten in their campaign for
control is not yet apparent as house
and senate members generally
sesm to holding back waiting for
developments, though it must be
said that the Babcock crowd are
in A measure in control in the
lI^te^^?^jM^^t&jS^X-/i. vaaK*. JsJ6j&^'
House Passes Indian
Budget of 12 Millions
Washington, D. Jan. 22.
After extended debate during
whioh attempts were made to
strike out many of its items, the
House today passed the annual
Indian appropriation bill, the sixth
of the 14 supply measures to be
sent to the Senate this session.
As reported to the House, the bill
carried approximately $12,000,000.
A number of sections providing
funds for general work among In
dian tribes were stricken out on
the ground that they were not
authorized by law Appropria
tions for various states, however,
went through practically un
touched. Claims of Indians
Reminiscences of the Custer
massacre in the Little Big Horn,
in South Dakota, in 1876, are re
vived by the tecent action of the
South Dakota Sioux Indians in
presenting their demands on Black
Hills land before the United States
court of claims.
Several million dollars worth of
the richest laud in the western
oart of South Dakota is involved
in the claim.
The Sioux treaty of 1868 pro
vided for pavment to the Indians
for a section of the country in
which the Blak Hills are located.
No payment was made, and in
1877 another treaty was entered
into. By the second treaty the
agreement of 1868 was modified so
that the clause pertaining to settle
ment for land was stricken out.
The Sioux contend that the
earlier treaty expressly provided
that no modification of its pro
visions should be held binding, in
any treaty, which might be sub
It is also alleged that the treaty
of 1877 in behalf of the Indians
was made by a few chiefs, not un
der full authority, who acted un
der fear of punishment for their
participation in the battle in which
Custer and his small command was
completely wiped out. Various
other uprisings and outbreaks un
der the reign of Sitting Bull, it is
alleged, were brought to bear by
the whites in coaxing the chiefs to
sign the latter agreement.
Former President William How
ard Taft, Charles E. Hughes and
Joseph E. Davis are recommended
as attorneys to represent the In
dians in the coniest which is said
to be one of the biggest ever
brought before the Department of
Indian Fellowship League
The Indiau Fellowship League,
of Chicago, held a benefit in Or
chestra Hall that city on Wed
nesday evening, January 26.
Cyrena Van Gordon, noted prima
donna of the Chicago Opera Asso
ciation, had the leading place ou
the programme which was a most
elaborate one. The proceeds are
to be used for the celebration of
"American Indian Dav", Septem
ber 23, 1921, and a three-day In
dian encampment, at which in
addition to the Indian ceremonies,
it is planned to give the Treaty of
Greenville in pageant form.
Last year the League conducted
without charge to the public a
three day Indjan Encampment at
Deer Grove Forest Preserve at
which there was an attendance of
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE MIN
White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota,
White Earth Has Disas
Hotel and Other Buildings Consumed
in Early Morning Blaze.
This village was the scene of an
other disastrous fire at an early
hour last Thursday morning when
the Hiawatha Hotel, owned and
operated by Norman McArthur,
and also another building directly
north of it, which was owned by
Mrs. Carrie Beaupre and occupied
by Norbero Beaulieu as a confec
tionery stand, were totally des
The fire started about one o'clock
A. M. Thursday morning in tbe
building occupied by Mr. Beaulieu,
and, it is reported, was due to a
defective chimney. Owing to the
close proximity of the Hotel Hia
watha the flames quickly spread
to that building. A large number
of the village residents responed to
the fire alarm and the fire hose
from the former boarding school
was brought into play but it was
some time before water could be
played on the flames, which by
this time had gained such headway
that it was impossible to check
them befor both buildings were
totally destroyed. By heroic
efforts, however, the fire fighters
succeeded in saving the old village
hall building, now owned and op
erated by H. B. Hull as a moving
picture theatre, and a part of
which was occupied by the post
office, from the flames.
The Hiawatha Hotel was an old
iand mark in this section, and the
original building, which was built
of logs, was erected more than 50
years ago by deceased Truman J.
Warren, since then it has changed
hands many times and many ad
ditions have been built on to it,
nevertheless the original building
was still in use until destroyed by
the fire. We understand there
was no insurance on either build*
ing. The contents of both build
ings were lost, with the' exception
of a small amount of bedding
which was rescued from the hotel.
The damage to the post office
building was such that it was
necessary to move the post office,
which is now located temporarily
in the old day school building
where it will remain until repairs
are completed. No mail was des
troyed as everything of value was
put into mail sacks and rushed out
of- the building.
While the fire was serious enough
as it was, the town people are
congratulating themselves that it
did not occur the night before
when a strong wind was blowing
directly from the south, in which
case there would have been very
little left of the town of White
Earth. Order Limitinir Time to File Claims,
and for Hearing Thereon.
State of Minnesota, County of
Becker. In Probate Court,
In the Matter of the Estate of O*
Letters of administration this day
having been granted to Frank I).
Beaulieu, of White Earth, 'Minn.,
It is Ordered, that the time within
which all creditors of the above
named decedent may present claims
against his estate in this court, be,
and the same hereby is, limited to three
months from and after date hereof
and that Monday, the 4th day of
April, 1921, at 10 o'clock a. m,, in the
Probate Court Rooms at the Court
House at the oity of Detroit, in said
County, be, and the same hereby ie,
fixed and appointedtosthe time and
place for hearing upon and the ex
amination, adjustment and allowance
of such claims as shall be presented
within the time aforesaid.
Let notice hereof be given by the
publication of this order in The Tom
ahawk, a weekly newspaper printed
and published in said county 3s pro
vided by law.
Dated Jan, 3rd., 1921.
E. O. HANSON,
(SEAL) Judge of Probate,
Thursday, January 27, 1926%
What Bur First Step
(By Leta V. Meyers.)
Dr. Eastman in writing about
the Great Spirit in the American
Indian Tepee Magazine said, "We,
the American Indians, have a
religion which was given us by
our forefathers, and has been
hancjed down to us, their children.
It teaches us to be thankful, to be
united, and love one another. We
of the Red race never quarrel
Oh, how I wish we paid more
attention to our religion how I
wish this were really true of us,
that we were united and loved one
another and never quarried about
our religion, or anything else.
But I am feign to say that Dr.
Eastman must have been writing
of ar time long gone by, when this
old world was some thousand
y&ars or so younger than it is
now, for even if the present-day
Indians do not quarrel about their
.religion they quarrel enough about
other things to make up for it and
then leave a goodly balance.
A lot has been said and written
about the injuries done the Indians
by the cruel white people but
how much has been said about the
injuries done the Indians by the
INDIANS? Again I am feign to
say that I am afraid we are our
greatest enemies ourselves. There
have been, and are, more bad In
dians spoiling the good chances of
their race than you could dream
of. You have only to look about
you and point them out. No res-
ervadon is without these enemy
Indians of the Indians no tribe
but what greatly suffers because
of them, and hardly no Indian
delegation that comes to Washing
ton to get something good done
for their people but that they are
followed by some of these lliterate
and ignorant members of their
tribe who try to block every effort
put forth by the good delegation.
No sooner do you think some
effective results are going to be
brought about than everything is
torn up again and the only thing
that has actually been accomplish
ed is the waste of a lot of time and
money and a reason for several
years more existence of the Indian
Bureau. But that, of course, is
just what the Indian Bureau wants
The longer it can help to keep us
quarreling among ourselves, the
longer it will have an excuse to
remain with us, if for nothing else
than to settle our quarrels.
Now, I think I can see where
there may be a reasonable excuse
for some of this quarreling. A lot
of us (and that's most of us), have
nothing else to do but quarrel.
Most of us don't even have a
chauce to mind our own business,
and of course, not having even our
(Continned on 4th page.)
State of Ohio, City of Toledo,
Lucas County, aa
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
Is senior partner ot the Arm of F.
Cheney 4 Co., doing business in the City
of Toledo, County and State aforesaid,
and that aaid firm will pay the sum of
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each
and every case of Catarrh that cannot be
cuied by the use of HALL'S CATARRH
MEDICINE. FRANK J. CHENEY
Sworn to before me and subscribed In
my presence, this 6th day of December,
A. D. 1886. A. W GLEASON.
(Seal) Notary Public
Hall's Catarrh Medicine is taken in
ternally and acts through the Blood on
the Mucous Surfaces of the System. Sond
for testimonials, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO, Toledo, O.
Sold by all druggists. 75c.
Hall's Family Pills for constipation.
The Store of
Buying Groceries is like
buying anything jelseit
pays to buy the best
Our shelves are always filled with fresh and up-to-date
Groceries, which we offer to our customers at the lowest
Our line of Dry Goods, Shoes, etc., is also one or
the best and most complete in the northwest, and our
pi ices in this line are always right.
Hardware, Feed, etc.
a full line always on hand.
If you don't see what you want, ask for it.
The B. L. FAIRBANKS
White Earth, flinnesota.
/JL ^"ji8ia*T3- t.
Published in behalf bfj^apd
to secure the welfare of the
Indians of the United States.
A NA'JUONAL OllGAM/Al'ION OF
Organized at Ohio State University.
Active-Including iga^ine, $2.30
Junior ActiveIndians under 21
years of ago. Including Maga
zine, $2.00 annually. Without
Magazine, $1 00 nnniully.
Application for membership should
be made to the Secretary-Treasur
er, Society of American Indians,
711 20th St, N. W., Washington,
D. C. Infoiuialion regarding the
Society will be cheerfully furnish
ed upon inquiry to the Secretary
Treasurer, Washington, D. C.
THOMAS L. SLOAN,
3439 Macomb St., N. W.,
Washington, D. C.
"When Visiting haigo
Just 4 doois noith of Fold Building.
Fargo, N. D.
Now is the time
A & yisgMilfi
to pay that