Newspaper Page Text
SEE RECORD CROP
Western Canada Farmers Re
joice Over Bountiful Harvest.
Favorable Weather and Fertile Land
Combine to Pour Riches Into the
Hands of Agriculturists.
There are those7
ia nearly every state
In the Union who have relatives or
friends, or someone they have known,
who are residents of some of the
provinces of Western Canada. They
have gone there to carry on the pro
fession and occupation of farming.
Their progress has been carefully
watched and such news as may come
from them or the country that they
have taken partial possession of will
be read with interest. Important-news
just now is the condition of the crops.
Newspaper correspondents and govern
ment representatives are now in a posi
tion, after making a careful survey of
conditions, to announce that the crop
conditions in Manitoba, Saskatchewan
and Alberta cairy the promise of an
early and bountiful harvest and farm
ers view the outlook with utmost
pleasure. Good growing weather has
prevailed since seeding and all cereal
crops are well advanced. Wheat
headed out has long, heavy heads, and
big yields are indicated predictions
are being made that the record pro
duction per acre in 1915 will be ex
ceeded Harvesting began in some
sections in the early part of August.
An interesting feature of the situation
is the fact that there are no bad re
ports from ar,/ part of the country
from the Red river to the Bocky moun
tains and from the International
boundary to Peace river. There will
also be good fruit, vegetable and root
Most remarkable has been the germi
nation of most of the grain. Marquis
wheat sown on May 11 was fully
headed out on June 30.
Considerable advancement has taken
place in the last few years in the
growing of corn. Sunflowers are also
being grown quite extensively. Both
these do wonderfully well. On July 4
the writer was shown a twenty-acre
field of corn that hao/reached a height
of upwards of five feet, while a five
acre field of sunflowers close by, was
entering for a keen race skyward. Both
will doubtless be used for ensilage, to
which will be added a splendid crop
of alfalfa or sweet clover, which also
have proved very successful. Now
that corn, sunflowers, sweet clover and
alfalfa have taken a liking to the coun
try, It will mean a period of recon
struction in many farming districts,
and mixed farming will supersede the
period of "grain mining" that, no mat
ter how fertile the soil, no matter how
generous it may be In giving forth
from its great storehouse- of all the
properties that have given to Western
Canada Its well-earned name of the
wheat granary of the world, too much
may be asked of it the.departure from
this into the sphere of more Intensive
fanning, covering many generalities
not before Indulged In, will add dol
lars per acre to the value of this pro
ductive land. Those who have
watched the progress of Western Can
ada, have been looking for the day
when corn and such like can be grown
successfully. It has now arrived.
The cattle and dairy industry will
be given an impulse that will attract
those who have been wedded to this
kind of farm life, while none of the
interest that mayhe taken by the grain
grower will be lessened. Already there
is an influence following the fact that
corn and sunflowers can be grown,
that is leading to the erection of silos
in many parts of the country, all in
dicating a growing satisfaction as to
the great future that lies before it
Due chtefly to the drop in costs of
materials and wages, farmers through
out the prairie provinces are erecting
many buildings this year, says the edi
tor and manager of the Prairie Lum
berman, .who was a visitor to Van
couver a few days ago. A campaign
fs under way among the retail lumber*
men and farmers, urging the erection
of 2,000 silos this year, and this is
meeting with success, more plans and
specifications having been prepared
and more structures being under way
problably than at any other time In
the history of the West.Advertise
Protection Against Radfum.
A physician using radium has to In
sulate himself thoroughly from its ef
fects. Dr. Belcherc of" the French
Academy of Medicine says they must
wear gloves lined with lead, and spec
tacles containing lead salt they must
handle the radium salts with pincers
and sit at the table lined with lead. He
is perfecting a lead protector for the
^.heart and lungs, but advises operators
to wrap themselves in thin lead sheets.
Jud Tunkins says nature puts
enough scales on a fish to give it more
of a bathing suit than some human
"What In the world are you kick
ing aboutr asked the red-headed land
lady. "When I took my room you
told me there was a single hair mat
tress on the bed," said the thin board
er. "So I did." "Well, will you pleasa
come up to my room and show me the
*j& Knows a Lot.
"So your son is homeifrom colleger*
"Yep," "Has he learned much?" "He
certainly has. More than his mother
and I have picked up in a lifetime."
WASHINGTON, D. C"Let 'em
fail" is the reply John Skelton Wil
liams, former comptroller currency,
declares he got from a member of the
federal reserve board when he protest
ed against lending at usury rates to
small country banks.
This member then went on to say:
"If this plan means the failure of
the small state banks, that need not
atop us in fact, if we cant get rid of
the small state banks by any other
methods, it might be well to get rid
of them in that way."
What is meant here by plan was the
federal reserve board policy of depriv
ing agricultural sections of the coun
try of credit last fall, which we have
frequently exposed these columns.
We have also advanced the theory that
the reserve board was trying to stran
gle small banks at the same time with
this policy and with its "par collec
FOUR PER CENT A MONTH
Mr. Williams gives the following
illustrations to show how ruthless
against the small banks and the farm
er the federal reserve board has been:
"A valiant little country bank in
Alabama, striving and straining to
help its farmer customers move their
crop, needed $112,000 in September,
1920, and that bank was charged at
about the rate of 4 per cent a month
or actually 87 per cent per annum on
a portion of that money. The rec
ords will show that certain small
banks in Colorado, Kansas, Texas,
Louisiana, Alabama and other states
were charged by their reserve banks
in exceptional cases from two to five
times as much as the rates charged by
any other civilized government in the
world. These amazing rates are
wholly without excuse.
"While small banks in the farming
districts were being taxed in this man
ner, great banks in New York were
being supplied with practically un
limited amounts of money at 6, 6 and
7 per cent per annum. The records
will show that while the little bank
in Alabama was charged $2,100 for
the use of $112,000 for two weeks'
time, a big bank in New York, whose
unds were largely employed in specu
operations, was given the use of
$800,000 for the same cash considera
tion. The policy of the federal reserve
board seemed td be that if certain big
banks wanted anything, why let them
have it promptly and no questions ask
ed but that if a little bank or farmer
needed funds, comb him well, make
him give up everything he has for
If we remember aright one of the
chief sins of Woodrow Wilson was
trying to lead and dictate to congress,
and the then Republican was never,
never going to be such an autocrat.
Yet we now find President Harding,
in office only five months, dictating
furiously to congress. Messages in
person, messages written, and mes
sages sent by those who have been
told the administration viewpoint.
Lately he has appeared te postpone
the bonus bill indefinitely. Congress
waited for him on the disarmament
Last week he asked congress to help
the railroads by providing $500,000,000
through reviving the War Finance
corporation and to use the same
agency to extend some additional
credit to farmers.
A day later he had a dinner party
with some senators at which he de
cided that the senate should take up
the taxation question first of all.
Giving credit aid to farmers
through the War Finanae corporation
may be good or of no use, depending
on how much is done, but it looked,
suspiciously like a shot designed to
kill two birdsto get the railroad aid
jammed through and to kill off the
Norris bill to aid the export of farm
Yet interference wijth the policy
determining body of the nation is no
longer autocracy. The usual news
paper comment is: "Mr. Harding is
proving in a remarkable way his ca
pacity for leadership." And his move
against the bonus bill is "courageous
but kindly advice."
Herbert Hoover, head of the Hoover
school of economics and also secretary
of commerce, announces for the hun
dredth time that "the stability of the
nation's business depended funda
mentally on labor's willingness to ac
cept lower standards of income."
Hoover probably would also include
farmers with labor if his attention had
been drawn to that class. Both farm
ers and workers rebel at this financial
theory yet Hoover is right unless we
are ready to wing about fundamental
economic changes in this country. The
so-called conservative labor and that
rare farmer who finds the "Nonparti
san league too radical" must fall
with the Hoover plan.
The capital stock and bonds of our
great industries was doubled and in
some instances trebledjjuring the war
'^MT^ v,| s?eK,
W4/ig*f%f& rjfff ^nqw83j^
BOAR WOUL KIL COUNTR BANK S
WHILE SQUEEZIN FARME CREDITS
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER
Reserve Official Called Usury Good Way to Get Rid of
Small Institutions Big Financiers Get Abundant
Credit at Low RatesHarding Urges $500,000,000 Aid
to RailroadsProtectionists Want No Tariff on Hides
Du Pont Forces Himself Into U. S. SenateFrear Ex-
poses Dye ScandalDenver & Rio Grande Stockholders
Say Financiers Have Stolen $55,000,000.
times to make a 100-per-cent income
look half or one-third as large. Banks,
insurance companies, estates, capital
ists hold these stocks and unless
farmer and worker dig much harder in
normal times to pay the normal in
come on these watered stocks, our
financial structure comes tumbling
down. So unless a farmer or worker
can get over trembling when big busi
ness yells radical, he should willingly
do twice as much work for the same
The fallacy of Hoover's economics
is that the workers can not by any
amount of income sacrifice save our
business system. The overhead bur
den with deflation is far too heavy to
be borne. They can't succeed as slaves
even if they want to.
When labor and the farmers kept
quiet while big business had its orgy
of war profiteering, they wrecked the
monopoly system of doing business.
SQUABBLE ON HIDE TARIFF
High'protection advocates suddenly
discovered the evils of protection when
some farm organization representa
tive suggested a 15 per cent duty on
hides. They all knew it would be bad
for the farmer, while a prohibitive
tariff on dyestuffs would be just what
the farmer needed.
The protectionists who suddenly
grasped the error of their ways on this
hide schedule dug up a letter written
by James G. Blaine to William Mc
Kinley when the latter was fixing up
the old McKinley tariff bill in 1890, in
which Blaine spoke for New England
shoe manufacturers as follows:
"It would be a great mistake to
place a tariff on hides. It would bene
fit the farmer by adding about 8 per
cent to the cost of his children's
DU PONT IN SENATE
The Du Pont interests, powder,
paint monopoly, roofing and a dozen
other related commodities, have aban
doned the practice of having a hired
man in the United States senate.
The change of poliey involved hav
ing a healthy senator from Delaware
resign" so that the governor could ap
point Coleman Du Pont to the position.
This, of course, was a matter easily
attended to even if the governor was
a Democrat while Du Pont is a Re
publican, and we feel sure that the
obliging governor and senator will be
well taken care of, considering their
Probably it would be much better
to have J. P. Morgan, Judge Gary, a
Rockefeller, Charles Schwab and
enough others of that kind in the
senate to make a majority instead of
their hired men. The public could
then grasp the situation a little more
THE DYE SCANDAL
Congressman Frear of Wisconsin,
elected last fall with League and la
bor indorsement, has opened up the
dye industry scandal beyond what we
noted last week.
The Du Pont interests, who got the
monopoly on the plea of its value in
making explosives, and a British
group has entered into an agreement
by which they divide the dyestuffs
trade of the world between them
selves, and each has sought protect
ing legislation from its government
Three men in the alien property
custodian's office became officials in
the Chemical Foundation company,
the concern through which the Du
Ponts operate. And Custodian A
Mitchell Palmer permitted them to
buy 4,000 patents seized by him from
German subjects for $250,000 when
this property was easily worth over
Frear alleges that the sale was
made privately without notice or com
petition, and he has introduced a res
olution demanding that the attorney
general be instructed to bring pro
ceedings to set aside the sale.
The possession of these patents en
ables the Chemical Foundation com
pany to collect royalties from any
who might have to use them in any
Six thousand stockholders of the
Denver & Rio Grande railroad have
petitioned the senate committee on in
terstate and foreign commerce to
make a searching investigation of how
that once prosperous road was looted
by financiers and then sold at a re
ceiver's sale for $5,000,000. They
claim that they have been robbed of
more than $55,000,000. The commit
tee so far has taken no action, but the
interstate commerce commission has
decided to take hold of the case.
TARIFF BILL IN HOUSE
The Fordney tariff bill now occu
pies the attention of the house and is
likely to pass soon by a two-thirds
vote, but there is a chance that some
important amendments may be added
No one of the house members un
derstands the bill, because each spe
cial interest wrote the appropriate
schedule in its own jargon.
THE TOMAHAWK. WHITE EARTH. MINN.
FAILURE OF SWINE TO MATE
It May Be Caused by Improper Func
tioning of System Brought About
by Improper Feed.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture)
Failure in the ability or desire of
swine to reproduce may be caused by
any of several conditions, say special'
ists of the United States Department
of Agriculture. It may result from a
disease or injury that seriously af
fects or destroys the secretory repro
ductive organs. It may be caused by
improper functioning of the system,
which in turn is often brought about
by unsuitable feed or faulty elimina
tion of waste products, or it may be
due to a general lowering of body vi
There are also cases of sterility or
impotence for which definite causes
are^ difficult to find. Failure to breed
quite frequently occurs in boars and
sows which have been fitted and kept
In high condition for show purposes.
In some Instances the sow falls to
come in heat, or perhaps indicates
that she is in heat and is successfully
served by the boar without resulting
conception. In other cases the boar
shows no desire to mate, or acts in
The first step in overcoming the
trouble is to find a positive cause,
when possible, by making a thorough
examination. This should Include a
search for physical defects, the pres
ence of disease, the results of injuries,
or lowered vitality from any cause.
When, from such examination, It
appears that proper treatment will
piove successful, remedies should be
administered promptly. But if the
cause Is obscure, or if theie is little
likelihood of correcting the defect suc
cessfully, it is best to remove the ani
mal from the breeding herd. Boars
may be castrated and fitted for
slaughter as market hogs. Similarly,
sows should be discarded when they
become uncertain breeders.
When there is no apparent cause
for failure of swine to mate, experts
of the United States Department of
Agriculture frequently have observed
a lazy or sluggish temperament.
These hogs generally are of the type
known as "hot-bloods." They are fat
and show an unwillingness to exer
cise. The tendency is more common
in mature hogs and increases with
age, but Is frequently found in young
stock. Careless and unwise Inbreed
ing practices tend to produce hogs of
this type, but inbreeding does not nec
essarily bring about the condition.
When the lack of sexual vigor is
seen in only an occasional animal It
Pigs on Oat and Pea Forage.
may be possible to recognize the fault
in blood lines or type. But when fail
ure to mate occurs frequently and
when the type Is right, the indications
are that the system of management is
Upon the appearance of this condi
tion an effort should be made to cor
rect it by a restriction or modification
of the diet and an abundance of exer
cise. The ration must have the fat
producing feeds largely reduced and
protein feeds plentifully supplied.
Pastures should be provided where pos
sible, but when these are not avail
able then the ration should consist of
alfalfa meal, alfalfa, soybean or clover
hay to supply protein and vltamlnes,
high-grade tankage, fish meal, linseed
meal, or a good grade of white mid
dlings and whole oatswith but small
amounts of corn or ground barley, to
gether with a good mineral mixture.
In addition an abundance of dally ex
ercise must be given. ""This will prob
ably have to be forced by driving the
boar or sow about the paddocks or
pastures daily until the animal is
By maintaining the digestive func
tions in a proper manner, by causing
abundant exercise and by supplying
proper nourishment, there will be
brought about a proper elimination of
the body wastes and a rebuilding of
the tissues. This should cause the
reproductive organs to function prop
erly and bring about a toning up of
the system in such manner that breed
ing operations will be successfully con
Swine breeders must be alert to the
necessity for ruggedness In herd boars
in addition to other qualifications.
Breeders must refrain also from too
great a degree of fineness and smooth
ness In the selection of their breeding
animals, or loss of breeding power will
ultimately develop in their herds.
ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE DOES IT
When shoes plnch^or corns and bunions
ache, get package of ALLEN'S FOOT=
BA8H, the antiseptic powder to be shaken
tttto the shoes. It takes the sting out of
corns and bunions, gives Instant relief to
Smarting. Aching, Swollen feet 1.500,000
pounds of powder for the feet were used
by our Army and Nary during the war.
The Beet Politics.
"Do you think a practical politician
can affoid to place patiiotic duty
above personal interests?*
"He can't afford to do otheiwlse,"
replied Senator Sorghum "A prac
tical politician Is one who succeeds in
getting elected and the voters out mj
way lm\en't any use for a man who
tloesn &ve his countrj
Important to Mothora
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTORIA, that famous old remedy
for infants and children and see that I
Signature In Use for Over SO Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
ina cnuareu, uuu ee mui
The Connecting Link.
One of the instructors in a prepnra
toiy school which professes to tutor
youths deairqus of entering college re
centl/lad an interesting time with a
lad who was tackling biology
"What." asked the tutor, "is the con
necting link, if any. between the ani
mal and the vegetable kingdoms?"
"I think I know," said the boy "It's
To seal in
NO LOSS IN THAT VENTURE
Darky Got More Out of Garden Than
Ever the Owner Was Lucky
Enough to Get.
Not long ago a couple of negroes
who had long before been neighbors
In a southern state rather unexpected
ly met in Philadelphia. Of course,
they talked of old times In the South
and one of them lemnrked:
"How 'bout dat truck garden, Joe?
When I left you had jest taken it over.
Did It pay?"
"Well," said Joe, "I didn't have noth
ing to complain 'bout."
"I always had a mighty pore opinion
bout dat truck garden," continued
the other darky. "You remember I
told you before you got it that you
would never get your money back.'
"But I did get my money back," re
turned the other. "I made more out
ter that garden than the owner ever
"You don't say so?"
"I shore does," continued the other,
"I got the rent out of it, and that's
what the owner never got!"Philadel
"Some of the greatest men find de
light in asking people all kinds of ques
"That's what makes me think my
young son Ira's such a brilliant future.
He does so continuously and with per
One ofthesurest ways
to become physically in
capable of doing your beat
work is to get only snat
ches of sleepbroken by
If your sleep is being
disturbed by drinking
tea or coffee, you may be
sowing the seeds of a
Do not wait until your
nerves areaffected by the
drugs, thein and caffeine,
in tea or coffee. Protect
your strength,vitality and
i Have sound, restful
sleep, and wake refreshed
and fit for any task.
Postum, the delicious
cereal beverage, with its
and coffee-like taste, will
Is Ideal for
for 10 Years
NOW A DIFFERENT WOtUN
Earnestly Praises Emionto
"My wife was a great sufferer from
acid stomach for 10 years," writes H.
D. Crippen, "but is a different woman
since taking BatonlC."
Sufferers from acid stomachlet
Eatonic help you also. It quickly takes
up and carries out the excess acidity
and gases and makes the stomach cool
and comfortable. You digest easily,
get the full strength from your food,
feel well and strong, free from bloat
ing, belching, food repeating, etc. Big
box costs costs only a trifle with your
For relief go to
For rstes, etc., write
Mudbaden Sulphur Springs Co., Jordan, MJna.
Old Joe Had Tried "Electricity"
Found It Was No Cure for
let Nature restore your
and bring you sound, re
Postum is wholesome
and acts in a normal way.
It possesses the advan
tages of a hot drink, with
out the ill effects of tea
Drink Postum for a
week or two. See what
a difference it will make
"There's a Reason."
Postum comes in two
forms: Instant Postum(in una)
nude instantly in^he cup by
the addition of boiling water.
Postum Cereal (In packages of
larger bulk, forthose who pre
fer to mefre thedrink whilethe
meal is being prepared) made
by boiling for 20 minutes.
At all grocers*
tt Jl'i^i H-l
Rsstems Color end
Beetrty to Grey sadFVd.dH.Ji
toe. end tl.&atDrurvrlita.
m.~^ fthtm. W|,rtohow.y T.
louses, ete.. stop, ell pals, ensures comfort tofue
feet, makes walking easy. Ito. brjnallor ilDn*.
*ists. HISCOK Ohamloal Works. PateBogae. K. X.
LVMBKK DIRECT FROM MlIA TO YOU
Big saving Don buy without getting our
price MADSEN Sauk Center, Minn
GOOD IMPROVED FARM for Sale In This
Counts. Cheap No commission Federal
Farm Bureau, 179 Washington St. Chicago
NOTHING NOVEL ABOUT THAT
Old Joe Carter had suffered from
rheumatism until, he declared, he had
"no patience with It," But he was al
ways eager to hear of possible reme
dies, and when his sister Jin Mobile
wrote that she knew of a cure that
had been tiled with great success, and
would tell all about it on her next
visit, old Joe was all excitement.
"Now, Mary!" he exclaimed to his
sister, eagerly, a few minutes after
she had reached the house, "you-all
tell me 'bout dat cure for rheumatism
I was so anxious I could hardly wait
to' yo' to git heah!"
"Well, Joe," begari the sister, "It's
Before she could continue Old Joe
"De idea, Mary, of yo' comln' heah
suggestIn' dat to me! Don't you-all
remember dat only last summer I was
slrucked by lightning, and it didn't
do me no good?" Philadelphia
"Baby was taken ill while you were
out, ma'am," said the new nursemaid.
"Oh, dear'"' said the young wife
"Is he better now?"
"Oh, he's all right now but he was
bad at first. He seemed to come over
quite faint, but I found his medicine
in the cupboard"
"Found his medicine! Good gra
clous! What have you given the child?
There's no medicine in the cupboard."
"Oh, yes, there is, ma'am. It's writ
ten on it."
And the girl produced a bottle 1
beled "Kid Iteviver."
Art and Power.
Art and power will go on as they
have donewill make day out of
night, time out of space, and space
out of timeEmerson.
Mental butterflying at 2 a. m.
A great indoor sport for