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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
of the Minnesota
L06AN, Editor and Publisher.
Published Weekly at
White Earth Agency, Minnesota.
Entered at the Poatofflce at White
Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot the
SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 PER YEAR I I AOVANCt
To compensate the Chippewa In
dians of Minnesota for lands dis
posed of under the provisions of
the Free Homestead Act.
"BE IT ENACTED BY THE
SENATE AND HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES of the
United States of America in Con
gress Assembled, That there is
hereby authorized to be appro
priated out of any funds in the
Treasury of the United States, not
otherwise appropriated, the
of one million one hundred and
eight thousand nine hundred and
thirty-seven dollars and twelve
cents, with interest thereon atv the
rate.of five per cent per annum
from May seventeen, nineteen
hundred, to the date of settlement,
said total amount to be credited to
the general fund of the Chippewa
Indians of Minnesota arising under
%\\e provisions of Section Seven 4
the Act of January fourteenth,
^eighteen ^hundred -ara& 'eiglrty*
If the above bill, which was
recently introdnced by Congress
man Harold Knutson, receives the
sanction of Congress, the Minne
sota Chippewas will be remuner
ated to the extent of one million
one hundred and eight thousand
nine hundred and thirty-seven
dollars and twelve cents, with in
terest thereon at the rate of five
per cent per annum from May 17,
1900, to the date of settlement.
And the interest, covering a period
of twenty-two years, at the stipu
lated rate of five per cent, will
probably foot up to an additional
amount equivalent, if not more,
than the principal sum. The bill
has the sanction and support of
the Indian Office. And it is mani
festly probable that it will soon
become an assured fact.
Everything is Ready.
The greatest attendance in the
history of the Minnesota State
Fair, Sept. 2 to 9, is expected by
officials, as a result of the extra*
ordinary interest taken in its exwill
hibits and features, by the north.
weet this year.'
The most stupendous program
every attempted by any fair in
the country has been arranged,
he half million visitors will find
the Fair program one series of
features after another, all of inter
Feature of features will be Lil
lian Boyer, who passes from auto
to aeroplane, and does unheard of
stunts in the air. Sig. Haugdahl,
premier auto racer of the world,
.mud onwer of a car which has
travelled at the rate of 180- miles
an hour, will break all world's
records. A horse racingprogram,
$22, 000 in purses, has attracted*
an entry from all over theoountry.
The lowest round trip rate en
joyed by the Fair for years has
been given the Fair. A visit to
the Fair can be made this year for,
a round trip rate of a fare and a
$100 Per Capita Pay
ment For Chippewas,
Indian Delegation Receires Interview With
Congressman Knutson-Wili Lend
"A delegation consisting of Mr.
and Mrs Chas. Cbas. Chatfield,
Mr. and Mrs, Wm. Butcher, Geo.
Cloud and Chas. Tanner went to
Bemidji Thursday where they
were granted an interview with
Congressman Harold Knutson.
The delegation urged Mr. Knut
son to give all possible aid to theways,
Larson Bill which was recently
introduced before Congress auth
orizing the payment of $100 per
capita to each Chippews Indian
from their tribal funds.
The Indians had asked for a
$200 per capita payment owing to
the unusual financial predicament
of the Indians this year. Not
only has the wild berry and rice
crops failed, but it has come to
pass tbat the Indians are also
compelled to recognize game and
laws, all of which affects their
income to an alarming state. The
Indian Bureau absolutely refused
to consider the $200 payment but
were finally convinced that half
that amount would have to be
allotted to prevent serious priva
The delegates found Congress
man Knutson very considerate of
their wishes and acquainted with
every phase of their unpromising
conditions. He assured them of
nls^co-operatiori'' in securing the
desired per capita payment, de
livering into their hands the
following signed assurance:
Aug. 17th, 1922.
At a meeting held this even
ing at the Markham Hotel with a
delegation of Leech Lake Indians,
consisting of Mr. and Mrs. Wm.
Butcher, Mr. and Mrs. Chas.
Chatfield, Geo. Cloud and Chas.
Tanner, I told them that in view
of the destitute conditions of the
Chippewa Indians, due to failure
of blueberry and rice crops, I
would use my best endeavors to
have the Larson Bill to pay $100
per capita, passed as so as pos
In view of the above assurance
of Congressman Knutson in favor
of a $100 per capita payment to
the Minnesota Chippewas, and
also to the fact that numerous
petitions have been circulated
during the past month requesting
such a per capita payment, and
which hare been liberally signed,
in all probability the Chippewas
receive the much needed* per
capita payment at an early date.
Red Lake Indian Fair
Will Open Sept. 14th.
Program and Exhibits Will Surpass Those
Of Previous Years.
The Red Lake Indian Fair, to
be held at Red Lake, Red Lake
Indian Reservation Minnesota,
is scheduled to open September
14th and will continue for three
days, including the 14tb and 16tb.
Superintendent George W. Cross
is making extensive plans and
preparations for the biggest fair
ever held on the reservation and
indications are that all previous
records for both exhibits and
feature entertainments will be
Eleventh Annual Con
ference of the Society
Of American Indians.
Kansas City, Mo., has been se
lected as the place where will con
vene the Eleventh Annual Con
ference of the Society of American
Indians. And the date has been
set for October 17 to 20 inclusive.
At the coming session it is pro
posed to adopt into the Society,
Hon. M. Clyde Kelly, M. rep
resenting the Thirtieth Dist^jcj^.
Pennsylvania. Mr. Itelly's home
is at Edgewood, Pa. He is Presi
dent of the Braddock Daily News
Publishing Co., and is one of the
true-blue friends of the Indians
his noble loyalty and friendship
for the cause of justice and fair
play for the Indian and his inter
est manifests a zeal and earnest
ness far exceeding the interest
and consideration of members of
Indian blood who are now serving
Mr. Thomas G. Bishop, Secre
tary-Treasurer of the society is in
receipt of a check for the sum of
$2,841.69, from the estate of Miss
Mary Perkins Quincy, deceased*
of Litchberg, Conn., to be em
ployed in the building of "A
Chape) of Our Savior,'* on some
Indian reservation. It is probable
that the chapel will be built on
some Indian reservation where
the Society have the most mem
bers. At the present time the
Creek Indians of Oklahoma are
in the majority as members of the
Society and are in need of such
an institution and it is altogether
possible tbat the chapel will be
located among those people.
Prophet Smith, of the Latter
Day Saints, Independence, Mo
a short distance from Kansas City,
has tendered a very cordial invi ta
tien tor as many of the Indians
who reside a long distance from
the meeting of tl Conference to
come to and be the guests of the
church during the coming session.
Valuable to Cotton Growers.
A machine has been Invented for
chopping out young cotton plants, at
the same time the crop is being culti
Great Iceland Coal Fields.
The Iceland coal fields will supply
180,000,000 tons equal in quality to
the Scottish coal.
China's Big Canal.
The imperial Canal of China Has a
total length of 2,100 miles, which ex
ceeds that of any other in the wojrld.
Subscribe for The Tomahawk
and keep posted on Indian matters
in general. $1.50 per year inJ
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS.
'Truth before Favor."
The Red Lake fair is one of the
most unique in this section of the
country and each year many
people from surrounding towns
attend. This year there will 4}e
added feature attractions on the
entertainment program, the de
tails of which will be announced
in the near future.
Among i he Indians are fouind
some splendid farmers, some who
have captured blue ribbons at the
Minnesot-i State Fair on grainy,
grasses and rout vegetables. The1
Indians also grow fine corn as well
as potatoes and fruits.
An Indian baby show will be
one of the features and mothers
find this clinic helpfull ij many
especially regarding the
care of the little ones.
The fair premium list provides
suitable awards for the exhibit of
agricultural products, fancy work,
stock, poultry, etc., all of which
find? the keenest competition
among the Minnesota Chippewas
Plans to Improve
Condition of Indians.
Plans for the improvement of
the condition of the Indians, with
particular regard to health and
education, are being worked out
by Charles H. Burke, Commis
sioner of Indian Affairs, with the
aoproval of Secretary Fall, and an
increase in the estimates
White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, August 31, 1922. ISo. 16
Indian Bureau probably will be
asked in the next Indian appro
The American Red Cross re
cently acceded to a request from
the Interior Department for the
assignment of three trained nurses
to be detailed to the Indian Bu
reau for one year, as the first step
in Commissioner's Burke's pro
gram. In addition, plans for en
larged school facilities to edueate
20,000 Indian children of school
age not now in school are being
worked out. Approximately 6,000
of this number belong to the Na
vajo tribe and have never been to
The nurses assigned to the In
dian service, it is said at the In
dian Bureau, will make a survey
of conditions on Indian reserva
tions and give a demonstration of
what may be accomplished by
women trained as nurses and in
welfare work, to lay the founda
tion for asking Congress for an
appropriation to enable the Indian1*
Bureau to employ on the reserva
tions women of a higher grade for
matrons and general field service,
aucording'to Commissioner Burke's
"There is a great opportunity,"
Commissioner Burke said in com
menting on his plans, "for im"COLD
proving home conditions among
Indians and in teaching sanitation
and looking after the health of
children. The American Red
Cross at a recent meeting made an
allotment of funds to cover the
expenses necessary to employ the
three nurses and they will be soon
assigned to the Indian Bureau and
will go into the field to spend one
year. One will be statianed on
the Pine Ridge and Rosebud res
ervations in South Dakota the
other two will go to the Southwest
and work among the different In
dian tribes in Arizona and New
Mexico. This is only part of a
general plan adopted by the InChesterton,
terior Department for improving
and bettering conditions among
"Another subject that is re
ceiving a great deal of attention is
that of educationbuilding up the
(Continued on 4tb page.)
Bus and Ex
P. C. MARTIN, Prop.
Let me do your
between White Earth and Ogema
My prices are right, and
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the v,,^
Indiansofthe United States.
White Earth, Minn,
The Best is
None too Good!
Years of experience in buy'
ing and setting groceries has
taught us that the public
want the best.
Our shelves are always full of pure, fresh and up-to date Gro-
ceries, which we give to our customers at the lowest possible
price. Our line of
Boots and Shoes
is complete and up-to-date
'Buy where the buying Is good."
Come In and see what great buying power
a little money will have in
this up-to-date store.
The B. L. FAIRBANKS Co.
White Earth, Minnesota.
IN THE HEAD**
Is an acute attack of Nasal Catarrh.
Those subject to frequent "colds" are
generally in a "run down" condition
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE Is a
Treatment consisting' of an Ointment, to
be used locally, and a Tonic, which acts
Quickly through the Blood on the Mu
cous Surfaces, building up the System,
and making you less liable to "colds."
Sold by druggists for over 40 Tears.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O.
A Camp for liltle Indian Child
ren. Write R. F. D. No. 2.
The faculty in charge of this
institution are admirably qualified
for their work. It is in charge of
a college trained lady who is a
graduate of Smith College for
girls, and who also spent two years
at the Massachusetts Agricultural
College, aud a term at the Uni
versity of Chicago.
She has as an assistant a college
trained Indian woman who under
stands the Indian children and is
deeply interested in her work.
Charges are reasonable. Write for
You can make big money selling
our superier Northern Nursery
Stock. Pay every week. Free
Outfit and good territory. Experi
ence unnecessary. The Hawk
Nursey Co., Wauwatosa, Wis.
Now is the time
to pay that