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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
Official Organ of the Minnesota
L. L06AN, Editor and Publisher.
Published Weekly at
White Earth Agency, Minnesota.
Entered at the Postofflce at White
Barth, Minn., as mail matter ot the
NlSCttttlOl: S1.il PER TEAR 11 MCE
Hon, Chris, D. O'Brien,
Christopher D. O'Brien, aged
73 years, veteran attorney and
former Mayor of St. Paul, whose
HfeJto shrty years had been spent
in we Twin cities, died at
hijPeHnSt. Paul, Sunday, Aug.
-Iftv O'Brien was well and fav
orabiy known to all the old settlers
*of White Earth. His father, Dil
Hon O'Brien, was at one time a
government Indian school teacher
on Madeleine Island, Lake Super
ior, and where little "Chris." had
as playmates, many Indian child
ren* including some of the old set
tiers who later located at White
Barth, and during these years he
acquired and spoke the Chippewa
language fluently. His early as
sociation with the Chippewas,
knowledge of their needs and con
ditions, T^on for them his life-long
One especial instance of his
jlgralty *o& friendship to .Jus.
friends, the Chippewas, occurred
in the year 1886. During the
spring of the year just mentioned.
Gus. H. and Theo. H. Beauheu
bjfflgbt a printing outfit and were
preparing to publish the PROGRESS,
which was the first newspaper
venture over attempted on an In
dian reservation. And before the
initial number was printed the
printing plant was seized by the
then Indian Agent and his menial
police force. The agent contend
ing that such a venture would notupper
be permitted on the reservation
nntil the consent of the Indian
Bureau.had first been obtained,
etc. J. D. C. Atkins was at that
time Indian Commissioner and
readily acquiesced to the contempt
ible actions of the Indian agent
In his high handed effort to muzzle
the constitutional privileges of the
press. At this time Gen'l. H.
Heath, an ex-confederate officer,
serving in the capacity of Special
U. S. Indian Agent, and who on
an official visit to the White Earth
reservation, took an active part in
aiding the bullying Indian agent
in paltry endeavors to smother the
intellectual efforts of the pugna
cious red men. The publishers
mad several attempts to conciliate
matters with the Indian office but
they were invariably turned down
flat and referred back to the
dian agent. Finally as a last re
sort the publishers placed their
case before Hon. Chris. D.
O'Brien. After hearing their
story Mr. O'Brien informed them
that he would gladly take their
case and assurred them that they
would get justice and fair play in
the premises. In due time the
case came up for trial in the Dis
trict Court at St. Paul. In his
plea to the jury Mr. O'Brien laid
stress on the coveted constitution
al privileges of the American citi
zen and the sacred prerogatives of
"Life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness," etc. After the Court
had given the usual instructions to
the jury they were retired for
consideration of the case. Only a
short time was consumed before
the jury informed the Court that
they had arrived at a verdict, and
toat that verdict was in favor of
the defendants. Thus in a few
brief moments an intelligent Ram
sey county jury had administered
a most drastic rebuke to the
sinister actions of the Indian
agent and his confederates in their
base endeavors to muzzle the
freedom of the press, even tho it
were on an Indian reservation
and greatly to the assiduous loyal
ty and devoted friendship of
Chr^s. D. O'Brien. Good bye,
old friend, may yours be the
worthy reward of the good and
The Grand Portage Trail.
Recommending that the oldest
trail in Minnesota used continuous
by white men be set apart as
state property, the State historical
convention held at Duluth on July
28 and 29 called attention to a
region rich in tradition and na
tural beauty. The Grand Portage
trail extending fiom the present
settlement of Grand Portage on
Lake Superior to the Pigeon river
was an important link in the
greatest trade route in the north
west during the latter part of thewith
For several generations this
trail has been forgotten. It was
once the inlet for supplies fromadminister
the east and the outlet fo the
furs of nearly the whole north
west. Dusty old records bad to
be consulted to reconstruct the
picture of the huge traffic that
nee flowed orer this route from
the Great Lakes to the waterways
of Western Canada, while the ex
istence of an old trading post fort
on the Pigeon river end of theture
trail had lieen almost completely
A exploring party sent out by
the Minnesota Historical Society
traced the Grand Portage trail
from end to end and discovered
conclusive evidence of old Fort
Charjotte which once marked the
end of the Grand Portage.
The outlines of building founda
tions, a cellar, and the logs of the
old wharf were testimony to its
At present, a party working un
der the supervision of the State
Historical Society is excavating
on the site of Fort Charlotte.Ex.
Long, Gold Winter.
Indians declare that the coming
winter, especially in the north
west, will be a long, cold one and
it is to begin unusually early with
the first killing frost soon.'
This prediction is made because
the phenomenal presence of so
many insects of numerous species.
Flies, wasps, bugs, bees and yel
low jackets area nuisance this
summer, destroying much grain
and garden products. The Indian
seers believe that these insects as
well as many others not so easily
noted are in some way warned of
the swift approach of severe
weather conditions. Instinctively
in the late summer they work
hard to lay up enough food to last
them throughout the winter per
Subscribe for The Tomahawk
and keep posted on Indian matters
in general. $1.50 per year in
You have heard of shortest railroads
before. Always they're the most ab
breviated ever. But off-hand one
would groat the prize to Missoula,
Mont It has a railroad only 100 feet
long. It connects the Northern Pacific
with the C. M. & St. P., and Is used
08 a transfer. It has no equipment,
no employes, and no stations, yet the
opmpany that owns It gets 50 cents
for every car that passes over Its rails.
Sixteen thousand have done so thus
far. Think of itPopular Science
Advertise in THE TOMAHAWK
i+ brings results.
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS.
Truth before Favor.
Missionary Fetes 45th
Anniversary of Work
Fifty years a priest, 45 of which
has been spent in teaching the
Sioux Indians Christianity, is the
record of Rev. Father Jerome
Hunt, of the Fort Totten Indian
Mission, near Devils Lake, NortW^eetiog
Dakota. Last week the Devils,
Lake Council, Knights of Colum
bus, sponsored a jubilee, at which
at least 50 priests and several1
bishops from the Dakotas and
Father Jerome, bent under
years of privation spent with the
Indians lather than from his 74
years, still says mass for the
Sioux Indians hi his little church
at Fort Totten reservation, but he
has been so feeble the last fe^
years that he is constantly attend
ed by Brother Giles, who has been
his inseparable companion for
more than 45 years. Brother Giles
recentlv celebrated the 50th anni
versary of taking thtf vows.
Their accounts of the early days
in the Dakotas reads like paggs
from story books, picturing tpe
life of the prairies and struggles
hostile Indians, the long
winters, when hfinger lurked,
stoiies of miles traveled on horse
back through snows and winds to
the rights of the
Father Jerome and Brother
Giles, despite their hardships
among the superstitious and bar
barous Indians, have smiles for
allr- Father Jerome'r feeMenw$
do* not prevent him from visiting
with all who pass his way, and he
is strong in his hope for the fu
of tue Indians.
Father Jerome translated the
Latin Bible into the Sioux lan
guage. He also wrote a history
of the Bible for the Sioux and
translated a prayer book into the
Indian language. In this book he
incorporated some of the hymns
which are now being sung at the
masses in St. Michael's mission at
the reservation by a choir com
posed of full-blooded Sioux In
One of Father Jerome's hobbies
at the Indian mission is the print
ing ofljee where is published every
month an Indian newspaper, tell
ing the Indians of the doings of
other Sioux in North and South
Dakota. This paper was first
printed in Devils Lake in 1880,
the priest sending Ignatius Court,
an Indian boy, to the office of a
Devils Lake newspaper to learn
Among the notable clergy to
attend the jubilee were Bishop
O'Reilly of Fargo, and Bishop
Worhe of Bismarck. Rev. John
Baker, vicar general of the .Fargo
diocese, delivered the sermon, and
50 other priests were at the cele
Mass was celebrated in a laTge
tent near the old St. Michael's
church on the reservation, and a
banquet followed. Rev. Thomas
Egan actiug as toastmaster.
Notice of Executive
To Member, Executive Committee,*
General Council Chippewas of
This is to notify you that a
Bus meets all Trains
Day and Night Service. Careful
OFFICEat The Cash Grocery.
James Sweet, Prop.
White Earth Minnesota
Red Lake, M:nn.,
Aug. 30, 192.
the Executive Commit
White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, September 7, 1922. No. 17
Chippewas of MinnesotaI will
held in the forenoon on the8th
day of September, 1922, in
City of Bemidji, Minnesota.
The meeting is called for the
purpose of attending to and trans
acting such business of the or
ganization which is very urgent at
Your attendance is most de
sirable so that a full Committee
may be present in order to intelli
gently pass upon any measure that
may come before the meeting.
PAUL H. BEAULIE,
Dr. W. M. Wooster to
Speak atAssembly Hall.
A talk will be given at the
School Assembly Hall on Friday
evening, September 8th, at 8
o'clock p. m., by Dr. W. M.
Wooster, who has been in Minne
sota for the past two months as a
personal representative of the
Commissioner of Indian Affairs
studying conditions among the
The subject of Dr. Wooster's
talk will be, "The Quest of the
Modern Holy GrailHappiness."
There will be no admission fee
charged and everybody is invited.
The first em elope of which there Is
any knowledge Inclosed a letter sent In
1686, by Sir William Tumtwll to Sir
James Oglhe The epistle, with its
coverings, is still present In the Brit
Bus and Ex
P. C. MARTIN, Prop.
Let me do your
between White Earth and Ogema
My prices are right, and satis
White Earth, Minn.
The Best is
None too Good!
Years of experience in buy'
ing and setting groceries has
taught us that the public
want the best.
Our shelves are always full of pure, fresh and up-to date Gro-
ceries, which we give to our customers at the lowest possible
price. Our line of
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the
Indiansofthe United States.
Boots, and Shoes
ia oomplete and up-to-date
Buy where the buying is good."
Come in and see what great buying power
a little money will have in
this up-to-date store.
The B. L. FAIRBANKS Co.
White Earth, Minnesota.
"COLD IN THE HEAD*"
is an acute attack of Nasal Catarrh.
Those subject to frequent "colds" are
generally In a "run down" condition.
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE Is a
Treatment consisting: of an Ointment to
be used locally, and a Tonic, which
Quickly through the Blood on the
cous Surfaces, building up the S3
and making you less liable to "cold
Sold by druggists for over 40 Yea.
F. J. Cheney St Co., Toledo, O
SOLOMEN SEAL S
A Camp for liltle Indian Child
ren. Write R. F/D. No. 2.
The faculty in charge of this
institution are admirably qualified
for their work. It is in charge of
a college trained lady who is a
graduate of Smith College for
girls, and who also spent two years
at the Massachusetts Agricultural
College, aud a term at the Uni
versity of Chicago.
She has as an assistant a college
trained Indian woman who under
stands tho Indian children and is
deeply interested in her work.
Charges are reasonable. Write for
You can make big money selling
our superior Northern Nursery
Stock. Pay every week. Free
Outfit and good territory. Experi
ence unnecessary. The Hawk
Nursey Co., Wauwatosa, Wis.
Now is the time to pay that