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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
Official Organ of the Minnesota
L. LOGAN, Editor and Publisher,
Published Weekly at
White Earth Agency, Minnesota.
Entered at the Postoffice at White
Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot thewas
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.50 PER YEAR IR ADWIICl
Indians Dance for
The summer outing of the
Northern Minnesota Editorial as
Hociation at Itasca park, August
9 to 13, was an occasion which
combined the pleasures of camp
life with those of a social nature,
and proved an event that will
linger long in the memories of
scribes in attendance.
The program opened with an
open air banquet at Park Rapids
under the auspices of the Park
Rapids Community club, with
music by the community band,
Indians from Ponsford put on a
series of Indian dances. Address
es were delivered by Col. A. W.
Bjornstad of the Third regiment,
U. S. A: Col. W. T, Mollison of
the employment section of the U.tressed
8, Veterans' bareau. Mrs. Manlay
h. Fossepn of Minneapolis, A. G.
Kutledge. secretary of the. associa-"
tton Congressman Harold Knut
son, Perry Williams of the Min*
neapolis Journal E. C. Hellwig
of the Minneapolis Tribune and
W. T. Cox, state forester.
H. W. Hinds, mayor of Park
Rapids, welcomed the editorial
party, and A. LiaFreoiere re
sponded in a happy vein.
From Park Raoids the editors
journeyed to Itaeca park via auto.
At she park they found a camp
prepared for their use by Com
pany G, Sixth regiment, National
Company A and the Third regi
ment band under Capt. W. B.
TuttJe were encamped at the park
rJted furnished music during the
The horseshoe pitching tourna
ment resulted in a number of
spirited contests. The tourna
ment was under the supervision of
R. F. Hall, president of the
Minnesota Horseshoe Pitchers'
association. Cash prises were do
nated by the Twin City Supply
Men's association. For the men,
J5. H. Denu of Bemidji took down
On the 11th the party was tend
ered a banquet by the Bemidji
Civic and Commercial association,
During the banquet the Bemidji
Boys band rendered a musical
program. Fcjllowipg the banquet
the editors were entertained at
Birchmonnt Beach hotel at a re
ception and dance, returning to
camp at Itasca park via auto.
One of the outstanding features
of the outing was the successful
way in which it was planned and
put over, it is no small under
taking to entertain and provide
for several hundred people twenty
six miles from abase of supplies,
and, in the language of the editor,
of the Minneapolis Mirror. "Doc"
Rutledge proved himself a modern
Thaumaturgas (man who accomp
lishes the impossible).
Advertise in THE
it brings results.
Hunger and Disease.
With millions of dollars to their
credit in the United States Tres
ury, with annual appropriations,
ranging from $150,009 to $200,000
voted by Congress for their "re
lief and civilization" yet the ma
jor number of ten per cent of the
so-called full blood and dependent
element of the Miunesota Chippe
are slowly, miserabiy so,
closing a most lamentable exist
ence from starvation and disease.
The gaunt spectre of the white
plague, aggravated by trachoma
and kindred disease, improper and
paltry raounshment, will, in a
very few years, wipe out of ex
istence the last liviDg vestage of
the full blood Chippewa Indian.
Most of this class of people are
today living in isolated sections of
the reservation. Their homes,
for the most part, consisting of
dingy hovels, screenless, with
little or no ventilation and practi
cally devoid of even the faintest
semblence of sanitation, with little
or no food and their drinking
supply taken from the
nearest shallow Dond or mud hole.
Here too, little children, if there
be any, are being reared in the
midst of foul surroundings and
become the ready prey of disease
and immoral degradation.
It is reported that in a recent
tour of the reservatio'i was reveal
ed most appaling conditions ex
isting among the poor, lowly, dis
and neglected members of
the dependent class mentioned
above. As an illustration of the
miserable condition prevailing
Mention is made of a family living
in an isolated portion of the res
ervation their home a miserable
hovel. The family consisted of
the wife, two or three children,
the youngest a baby a baby a few
weeks old, and an old man, the
grandfather, the husband was
absent, endeavoring to earn means
to feed his family. The woman
was seriously afflicted with con
sumption and was confined to her
bed, consisting of a scant supply
of filthy rags as also was hers and
the children's clothing. There
was no furniture in the house of
any description a rude coarse
table, minus table cloth, occupied
a corner of the room and on this
rested a few broken dishes and a
tin cup or two. The old man was
nearly blind with trachoma. A
scant supply of bread made of
flour and water, yellow with saler
atus, was the only visable supply
of food at band. There was two
empty fruit cans near the woman's
bed and into which she expector
ated. 8warmS/ of flies infested
the grim interior of the room and
the insect pests were busy feeding
on the sputum in the oans and
then resting and wiping their
filthy feet and legs on the scanty
morsels of food laying on |he rude
table. A mor dejected picture
of want, misery and neglect could
npt be imagined.
An Act making appropriations
for the Department of the Inter
ior for the flsoal year ending June
30, 1923, and for other purposes,
provides an oppropriation, from
Chippewa tribal funds, of $95,000
for the "relief and civilization of
the Chippewa Indians in the State
of Minnesota." approved January
14,1889, and to be used exclusive
ly for the purposes following
20,000 may be expended in aid
ing indigent (poor and helpless)
Chippewa Indians$17,000 may
be expended lor the support of
the Indian hospitals, etc. Last
year, or for the year which ended
June 30, 1922, a larger amount
was voted for like purposes and, if
reports be correct, the major por-
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS.
'Truth bef^?e Favor."
tion of this class of appropriations
revert to the benefit of the Redbishop
Lake Indians and very little, if
any, is aDplied to this reservation.
In a lettei written by Dr. A. J.
Chesley, Secretary and Executive
Officer, Minnesota State Board of
Health, St. Paul, Minnesota, to
Theo.' H. Beaulieu, Chairman,*
White Earth Town Board, dated
Feb 20th, 1922, and referring to
a former visit by Dr. L. L. Culp,
special physician of the United*Prow
States Indian Service, on his reop
turn of a tour of inspection of
some of the Minnesota Indian
reservatioos and on his way to
Mayetta, Kansas, Dr. Culp stated
"Examined 1732 persons 772
whites. 960 Indians that he found
49 had trachoma, 3 whites and 46
Indians that he operated 3 white
cases and 37 Indians he treated
otherwise 7 cases and 2 cases de
clined treatment he found one
individual blind in both eyes as a
result of trachoma two blind in.
one eye from trachoma and twoleft
blind in one eye from corneal
ulcers, he found six with impaired
vision due to trachoma, two due
to corneal ulcer one due to alco
holism one due to gonorrheal
iritis, he visited 10 public schools,
one parochial school and one gov
ernment day school. He states
that the general health conditions
during the past winter were some
what better than for some years
"I do not know what action the
Commissioner of Indian Affairs
may take with reference to re
opening of the hospital (White
Earth), or otherwise for more ex4*
tensive medical care tban now ex
ists. You know the limitations of
the State agencies. The Board of
Control cannot consider taking
over the hospital until authorized
by the Legislature to do so."
(Signed) Dr. A. J. Chesley,
Executive Officer, State Board
Early Day Incident
Recalled by Clock.
Minnesotan Presents Relic Once Awarded
Indian to Dakota Historical Society.
Through the courtesy of Col
Sam Brown, of Brown's Valley,
Mu.nesota, the South Dakota his
torical society has come into pos
session of what is probably one of
the most unique clocks in the
state and one which had an inter
esting connection with a certain
incident in the early history of
About the time of the Indian
uprising in the late W there was
a large number of Yanktonias liv
ing on the Crow creek reservation
in the territory surrounding Fort
Thompson. Many of these In
dians had assimilated the white
man's religion and were in a way
living semi-Christian lives, How
ever, there was a large group who
resented the coming of the whites
and particularly their teachings of
Christianity. These people be
longed to a heathen sect known as
the Lodge of the Grass Dancers.
Thev were the trouble makers of
the district, always ready to stir
up their red brothers.
This group had as their leader a
young buck, a powerfully built
fellow who ww known by the
name of Truth Teller. Truth
Teller held the position of Master
of the Drum which was the sym
bol of the sect.
In May or June, 1879, Bishop
White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, September 14, 1922.
William H. Hare, then Episcopal
of Dakota, went to Fort
Thompson to preach to the Chris
tian Indians. His coming was
heralded for many days in ad
vance and brought together the
Indians from all over the reserva
The Grass Dancers saw ani op
portunity to cause trouble and
likewise congregated the vicin
ity of the fort.dc The small rough
chapel could not contain the great
Hare, so a large semi-circle
was formed just outside and when
the bishop arrived he was escorted
to the chapel steps from which he
was to speak.
On the outskirts of the crowd
were gathered the Grass Dancers,
led by Truth Teller, who carried
his immense drum. The Christian
Indians expected trouble, and as
the bishop commenced to preach
their fears were augmented by
Truth Teller, who came pressing
through the throng, shoving all
who were in his way to right or
until he stood at the steps of
the chapel. Here he halted, un
slung his drum and meekly de
livered it to the bishop with the
admission that be surrendered to
The multitude were astonished
at this sudden turn of events. The
Grass Dancers retreated but Bish
op Hare, in perfect control of the
situation accepted Truth Teller's
drum and quietly placed it inside
of the chapel before he continued
Truth Teller cast off his tribal
blanket, had his hair cut in white
(Continued on 4th page.)
INK THAT THE ROMANS USED
For Writing Permanent Recersk.
Stylut and Wooden Tablete Were
Then in Vogue.
The ancient Romans commonly
wrote witu a metal point (stylus) on
wooden tablets coTered with wai
(tabulae), but permanent records
were written on parchment with a
reed pen and liquid pigment, or ink.
At Haltem in Westphalia, near the
site of the Aluso fortress erected by
Drusus In the year 11 B. C, was re
cently found a bronze vessel contain
ing a dried black mass, which
Prof. Kessner haB decided to
be Roman ink The mass was
found to consist of chiefly of soot
and tannate of iron. It also con*
talned smaller quantities of ferric ox
ide, copper oxide, clay, magnesia, gyp
sum, phosphoric acid, carbonic acid,
alkalies and sand. These ingredients
probably represent chiefly accidental
impurities which have found their way
Into the old inkstand, but some of them
may be due to the chemical action of
the ink on the bronze vessel.
The presence of an aromatio sub
stance suggests that the ink was Im
ported from Italy, where the use of
perfumed ink was common.SclentWe
Bus and Ex
P. C. MARTIN, Prop.
Let me do your
between White Earth and Ogema
My prices are right, and
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the
Indians of the United States.
White Earth, Minn.
None too Good!
Years of experience in buy
ing and selling groceries has
taught us that the public
want the best.
Our shelves are always full of pure, fresh and up-to date Gro-
ceries, which we give to our customers at the lowest possible
price. Our line of
Boots and Shoes
is complete and up"to-date
Buy where the buying is good.
Come In and see what great buying power
a little money will have in
this up-to-date store.
The B. L. FAIRBANKS Co.
White Earth, Minnesota.
Hall's Catarrh Medicine
Those who are in a "run down" condi
tion will notice that Catarrh bothers
them much more than when they are in
good health This fact proves that while
Catairh is a local disease, it is greatly
influenced by constitutional conditions.
HALL/8 CATARRH MEDICINE con
sists of an Ointment which Quickly
Relieves by local application, and the
Internal Medicine, a Tonic, which assists
in improving the General Health
Sold by druggists for over 40 Tears.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.
SOLOMEN SEAL S
A Camp for liltle Indian Child
ren. Write R. F. D. No. 2.
The faculty in charge of this
institution are admirably qualified
for their work. It is in charge of
a college trained lady who is a
graduate of Smith College for
girls, and who also spent two years
at the Massachusetts Agricultural
College, aud a term at the Uni
versity of Chicago.
She has as an assistant a college
trained Indian woman who under
stands the Indian children and is
deeply interested in her work.
Charges are reasonable. Write for
i'ou can make big money selling
our superior Northern Nursery
Stock. Pay every week. Free
Outfit and good territory. Experi
ence unnecessarv. The Hawk
Dlursey Co., Wauwljtosa, Wis.
Now is the time
to pa,y that