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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
Official Organ of the Minnesota
L. L06AN, Editor and Publisher.
Published Weekly at
White Earth Agency, Minnesota.
fingered at the Poatofflce at White
Earth, Minn., as mail matter of thetribes,
SUBSCRIPTION: S1.S0 PER YEAR I I ADIAHCl
By Giving Him Citizenship
And Equal Rights So Said
"American him, by giving him
citizenship close up the reserva
tions and force him to live with
white people, and in ten years the
Indian problem will be solved,"
said General Pratt, denouncing
those who encourage the' renais
sance of Indian* art. *'Lo, the
poor Indian, doesn't half express
it. By being driven forcibly from
bis ancient home, corralled on a
reservation, robbed of bis rights,
and finally reduced to a state of
practical peonage, he is deliber
ateiy kept in a state of savagery
and denied the privilegss of citi
zenship and the protection of the
isourts in the land which original
ly belonged to him."
"This is what the white brother
has done for the Indian, in the
opinion of Brigadier-General R.
H. Pratt, who for twenty five
years was head of the Carlisle
school, and Who, the Indians them
selves say, knows more about
them and their problems than any
other paleface living today.
"It a crime in the first place, he
said, te segregate them on reser
vations, and it is a greater crime
to keep them there, maintaining
them in their tribal ignorance and
barbarism, encouraging them in
their savage customs and tradi
tions, and denying them the rights
and opportunities which we exweaver
tend to every foreigner who comes
to these United States.
"The Indian, unlike the negro
and Japanese, is assimilable. There
is no prejudice against him. He
can marry a white woman and
settle down in a white community,
meeting white people on the basis
of equality. And, indeed, he
should, for he is the real aristo
crat oi Americathe blue blood
of his country. He is good ma
terial for citizenship and for indoes
dustryfar better, in fact, than
many of the European immigrants
whom we accept in such large
numbers every year. There are
now more than one thousand In
dians living in various parts of
the country, practicing medicine
and law, teaching in schools, and
holding important positions in the
business world. We might re
mark that there are two in the
United States Senate and an Inthe
dian as United States Congress
man. All the Indian wants is as
fair a chance as we give the for
eigner who comes from over the
seas. The way to do this is to
abolish that monstrous which is
styled the Indian Bureau give the
Indian youth a chance to enter
the public schools, and encouiage
them to leave the reservations and
become a'part of the general popu
lation of the country.
"Did it ever occur to you," said
the venerable General, "that the
Government discourages the In
dian from doing the very thing
which we are demanding of for
eigners, namelybecome Ameri
canized? Not a day passes but
that some public speaker or writer
warns our immigrants to become
Americauized and adopt our ideals.
Yet the Government is ruthlessly
preventing the Indianthe first
American of allfrom doing that
very important thing. Indians
are encouraged to stay on reser
vations, to remain with their
and to hold on to their
tribal manners, eustoms and tra
General Pratt's criticism of the
Indian Bureau, that division of
the Department of the Interior
which governs the Indians, is un
surpassing and bitter. The Gen
"It is a cruel and senseless sys
tem. It has no interest except
that of perpetuating itself, and
maintaining jobs for its 7,000 em
ployees. Instead of educating the
Indian, it encourages him to stick
to his war paint and feathers. In
stead of making doctors, teachers,
and business men, it makes blankes
weavers, basket makers, and bead
workers on the Indian reserva
He included the Indian Bureau
of Ethnolopy in his condemnation.
"It has worked actively for forty
vears," he said, "to prevent the
escape of the Indians from tribal
life to "citizenship. It revels in
war dances and ghost dances, in
Peyote seances and all other In
dian peculiarities. It encourages
these customs, because they are
the meat on which ethnology (the
science of races) lives."
And while on the subject the
General added his opinion ol those
sentimental persons "who encour
age the so-called 'renaissance of
Indian art,' and thus would have
the Indians evolve from nomadic
game hunters to miserable basket
weavers and makers of other
curios, instead of becoming useful
and happy citizens, and this simp
ly to gratify their own artistic and
scientific whims and fancies.
"It is all very picturesque and
pretty to see the Indian squaw
wording at her basket or blanket,
crooning Indian songs, until one
learns that the basket or blanket
is making only $5.00 to
$7.00 per month, and is probably
hungry. Those very people who
can grow most eloquent now about
wrongs done the red man in steal
ing his land and driving him out
of his home, know the least about
the present vicious system of
victimizing him by keeping him
in poverty and ignorance. Our
interest in the Indian is confined
to the pretty school book stories
of Pocahontas and the like, and
not extend to the 380,000
human beings that our Govern
ment is wronging every day that
it kteps them on'reservations."
The agency syotenq, he declared,
offers numerous opportunities for
graft and abuse, and these oppor
tunities are not lost. The agents
have charge of the issuance of
Government rations to Indians
who are incapable of supporting
themselves. The rations which
Indians actually receive are
almost always so meager as to
keep them constantly hungry, he
The General stated also that the
Government treaties with the
various tribes, providing for the
maintenance and establishment of
public schools, have been shame
fully violated, just as other Gov
ernment promises to them have
not been kept.
Advertise in THBTOMAHAWK
i* brings results.
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS
'Truth before Favor."
Timber on National
Forest Reserve Not
Yet Being Estimated.
Although it was understood that
the estimatitig of the timber on
the Minnesota National Forest
Reserve was to commence immedi
ately after the appointment of the
Commission for that purpose,
White Earth, Becker County, Minnesota, Thursday, September 21, 1922.
fact the estimating was to take )ip
no more time than ten days after
the Commission appointed com
menced work, according to theroutes
provision in the law, it is learnd
that as yet nothing has been ""done
toward the actual estimating of
this thimber, although it is two
months since this Commission was
appointed for this purpose. In
stead the Indian Bureau has mpn
on the ground looking over tfce
country and getting general iqfl
formation. We understand, how
ever, that this is being done at
government expense and not atemergency
the expense of the Minnesota
An Apostolic Man.
Indian Missionary Speaks Ten Languages.
The Rev Joseph M. Cataldo, S.
J., Indian missionary for over
half a century, celebrated bis
sixtieth anniversary in the pries|r
hood last week. In December
Father Cataldo will keep h|s,
seventieth anniversary as a mem
ber of the Society of Jesus.
Master of nearly ten Indian
languages, this devoted priest has
distinguished himself in the evan
gelization of the Red Man, and is
at present in charge of the Nez
Perce tribe at St. Joseph's Mis
sion, Slickpoo, Idaho, where con
vent and school were destroyed by
fire in 1916.
"I am eighty-six, now," Father
Cataldo wrote recently to Father
Hughes, Director of the Bureau
of Catholic Indian Missions, Wash
ington, D. C. "The dear Lord
may call me soon. But 1 would
be glad to live on, and hold the
fort until I see the mission rise
again from the ruins of the fire of
1916. This little mission, taken
by force from the mouth of Satan,
is winning many souls for heaven.
Eight devoted Sisters of St. Joseph
are enduring heroically hardships
I am unable to relieve Since the
school aud convent were wiped
out, six years ago, they have
taught Hi children, worked for
them, and made their home in the
shanties built by the Indians at
that time as a temporary shelter.
Opposition is rife, the divorce
evi! threatens. But the fervor of
our people is most gratifying.
The tribe numbers about 1,500.
Besides the school and church
here, we attend two other small
churches, and six Indian villages.
To close the mission would be to
yield our trustful little lambs and
helpless sheep to ravening wolves.
We have besought the good St.
Joseph, through the Christ-like
charily of his clients throughout
the country, to take care of this
poor little mission."
Make tht Mwt of Pleasure.
Few young people make as much a?
tbey should of small pleasures. Fer
many years the standards of enjoy
ment bare been undergoing* a change
and there Is a tendency to think that
we cannot have a good time that does
not cost money. A girl's education is
for from complete till she has learned
to enjoy herself simply and without
any money expense.Pennsylvania
Flash Stars Altho
They're Not Cops.
State Highway Patrolmen Now
Displaying New Badger of
Indentifioation and Authority.
White Earth people inquiring
the purpose of the small yellow
stars on iron rods now being used
by patrolmen on all sections of the
state trunk highway system-the
the village and the patrolman was
at the lumber yard getting plank
with which to repair a nearby
guardrail. Chippewa Indian
Talks on Citizenship,
Citizenship and the Indian"
was the subject of an address at
Paul recently by Wannabosho. St
Babcock roadsare answered
the new highway bulletin,
Although too busy keeping the
smooth to act as "speed
cops", the highway menders found
need for badges of identification
and authority. So the stars of
smaller size than the official five
pointers of yellow which officially
mark the trunk routes have been
supplied to h'll the needs.
Now when a patrolman leaves
his beat to haul gravel from a pit
or lumber from a town yard or
goes to a blacksmith shop for
repairs on some re
pairs on some piece of equipment
he leaves his star posted behind on
his section. A note attached may
advise the superintendent of his
whereabouts. Likewise, a high
way user in need of free help may
find him easier. A passing tax
payer seeing gravel being loaded
from a roadside stock pile by a
man with a small yellow star can
be assured that the material is not
The bulletin tells of a report
from one superintendent who
found a patrolman's star posted in
a village street^ Inquiry disclosed
that the trunk route ran through
a Minnesota Chippewa Indian,
Wannabosho, a war veteian, is
known also as Joseph A. North
rup. The meeting was one of a
series to be staged throughout the
state, according to Mr. 'Northrup
as part of an educational cam
Subscribe for The Tomahawk
and keep posted on Indian matters
in general. $1.50 per year in
Bus and Ex
P. C. MARTIN, Prop.
Let me do your
between White Earth and Ogema
My prices are right, and
White Earth, Minn.
The Best is
None too Good!
Years of experience in buy
ing and selling groceries has
taught us that the public
want the best.
Our shelves are always full of pure, fresh and up-to date Gro-
ceries, which we give to our customers at the lowest possible
price. Our line of
Men' and Women's
Boots and Shoes
ia complete and up-to-date
Buy where the buying is good."
Come in and see what great buying power
a little money will have in
this up-to-date store.
The B. L. FAIRBANKS Co.
White Earth, Minnesota.
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the
Indians of the United States.
A Camp for liltle Indian Child^
ren. Write R. F. D. No. 2.
The faculty in charge of this
institution are admirably qualified
for their work. It is in chargo of
a college trained lady who is a
graduate of Smith College for
girls, and who also spent two years
at the Massachusetts Agricultural
College, aud a term at the Uni
versity of Chicago.
She has as an assistant a college
trained Indian woman who under
stands the Indian children and
deeply interested in her work.
Charges are reasonable. Write for
Now is the tome
Catarrt Medicine"sbotherythn Catarrh
Proven that while
Catarrh Is a local disease, it Is greatly
influenced by constltuUonal conditions.
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE con-
st"!? of an Ointment whic Quicklye
1 PPM?*onh and th
Internal Medicine, a Tonic, which assists
in improving the General Health.
Sold by druggists tor over 40 Years.
P. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo. Ohio.
You can make big money selling
our superior Northern Nursery
Stock. Pay every week. Free
Outfit and good territory. Experi
ence unnecessary. The Hawk
Nursey Co., Wauwatosa, Wis.