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Justice and Fair Dealing for
every Indian who desires to
become a good Citizen.
Official Organ of the Minnesota
L. LQ6AN, Editor and Publisher.
Published Weekly at
White Earth Agency, Minnesota.
Entered at the Postoffice at^White
Earth, Minn., as mail matter ot theCommission
SUISCRIPTIOI: $1.50 PER YEAR i MIA MI
More in Regard to Hos
pitals, etc, Among the
towers to Reftwitatiie Steiierson's
Telegrams, Prtllsled Recent!) in The
803 A. M., I,
N 2 Ex.
Washington, D. C.
Halvor H. Steenerson,
Your telegram twenty sixth ap
propriation for Chippewa hospitals
limited to Seventeen thousand five
hundred which is barely sufficient
lor operating Ked Lake hospital,
Congress authorized turning over
White Earth and Fond du Lac
iioapitals to State, limited amount
funds available to take tiare of old
infirm or indigent Indians and 'no
suffering will be permitted as long
folds available, budget Bureau has
Approved our request of increased
appropriations for hospitals Chip
pewa country necessary procure
congressional action before White
Earth hospital can be opened, but
believe this can be accomplisled
early part next session, matter
taken up with Supt. Wadsworth
with view of extending every
proper relief possible.
Department of the Interior
Office Commitsione of In
Nov. 6, 1922
Hon. Halvor Steenerson,
House of Representatives.
My dear Mr. Steenerson:
I have just returned from the
North west, .and came directly from
Cass Lake. I have your tele
grams of Oct. 24 and 26 sent from
Detroit, and I note what you pay
about conditions among the White
Earth Indians. Among other
things, you say: "Many are totally
blind." I will be very grateful to
you if you will give me the name
or names of any Indians that are
blind among the White Earth
tribe, or any that are suffering be
cause of neglect and, if you are
unable to give me this information,
wish you would refer me to the
party or parties who informed
you, in order that I may promptly
investigate the cases.
I have had a representative from
the office* in Minnesota for a num
ber of weeks, and we are check
tag every case of alleged suffering
or neglect, and apparently there
is much exaggeration about con
ditions and very little foundation
for some of the reports trat are
being circulated. It is also well
to know, where an Indian is said
to be neglected or suffering, bis or
her status. As you are aware,
man/of the White Earth Indians
^hare received patents in fee and
foil cttizens of the United
States and wards of the State of
(Signed) Chas. H. Burke,
Examination Deo, 2nd.
The United States Civil Service
has announced an ex
amination to be held at Detroit,
Minnesota, on December 2, 1922,
as a result of which it is expected
to make certification to fill a con
templated vacancy in the oosition
of fourth-class postmaster at
Ogema and other vacancies as they
may occur at that office, unless it
shall be decided in the interests of
the service to fill any vacancy by
reinstatement. The compensation
of the postmaster at this office was
$984 for the last fiscal year.
Applicants must have reached
their twenty first birthday on the
date df the examination, with the
exception that in a State where
women are declared by statute to
be at full age for all purposes at
eighteen years, women eighteen
years of age on the date of the
examination will be admitted.
Applicants must reside within
the territory supplied by the post
office for which the examination is
The examination is open to all
citizens of the United States who
can comply with the requirements.
Application blanks, Form 1753,
and full information concerning
the requirements of the examina
tion can be secM^ed-from1-the
master at the place of vacancy or
from the United States Civil Ser
vice Commission, Washington, D.
Applications should be properly
executed and filed with the Com
mission at Washington, D. at
th earliest practical date.
BIRDS WELL WORTH STUDYING
Sunday, Writer Points Out, la a Good
Time to Become Better Ac
quainted With Them.
Little difference It makes where you
find them, in your yard or in the
woodsthere is wholesomeness If
there are birds. It would seem more
than proper that a part of Sunday
should be in some way dedicated io
getting better acquainted with these
feathered friends, says a writer in
the Arkansas Thomas CIt. Birds are
something more than small bundles of
song neatly wrapped in fluff or feath
ers. They have a great deal of soul,
and still larger quantities of brains
and they know where and when they
are wanted. They know and recog
nize their friends, and are glad to
meet them. This is not mawkish sen
tlment. It is physical truth. Any
ornithologist will tell you so. The
eyes /of a bird are wonderful studies.
You can read much In them. In sum
mer time, when it is warm and per
haps stuffy in the underbrush, the
little folks will peer out so quietly,
standing guard over the sequestered
young, that their very eyes are likely
to be the first evidence of them to be
noted. This is particularly true of
the Maryland yellowthroat and cuc
koos. Their eyes, as those of others
to* numerous to detail, gaze frankly
Into yours, and reflect in their actions
what they see there. Just point your
finger at one of these diminutive wild
songsters* Somehow they have
learned that pointing is dangerous.
Who taught them that? Who taught
a young mourning dove, that never
saw a gun, that there might be a hor
rid finish from anything deliberately
pointed in its direction? Friendship
and confidence once established, the
comical redheaded woodpecker will
perform nobly for you, and the chicka
dee, even as In the winter when you
are feeding him suet, perchance, will
come very close and frankly pass the
time o' day. You of the many who
have wren houses In your yard are
aware of the scolding but fussy little
camaraderie these mites are capable
of, when once sure of their ground
Where there are birds, there is some
thing of love and of charity and of
veal peace, and the human who can
not or does not appreciate and cherish
these, has not, we believe, succeeded
In getting from this brief life all the
Almighty has geaareu&iy put into it
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE MINNESOTA CHIPPEWAS.
Truth before Favor."
tion Upsets all Prog
STEENERSON DEFEATED BY BIB
"It's all over but the shouting."
"How did it happen?"
That is the question both Re*
publicans and Democrats are ask
ing one another, both throughout
the county and state, for the re
sults of last week's election has
left them stunned and gasping for
breath. All predictions went wild,
and this applies alike to the mem
bers of every party, for while the
Republicans were defeated in many
instances and almost wiped off therace
slate in others, the Democrats ran
a poor third, and the majorities
piled up by the Farmer-Labor
candidates were much larger and
more decisive than they bad ever
What did it? We are frank /to
say that we do not know, but jour
inquiries lead us to believe that
some or all of the following may
have contributed to the wave of
apparent resentment which has
pushed out the "ins" and pushed
in the "outs:"
The Detroit Record in its last
issue gives the following summary
reasons for all this, and which is
about as good as any that can bebutions
The failure of the Harding ad
ministration to restore noTfmawy*
within the eight month period
they have been in control
Socialism, which has been so as-
siduously preached as a panacea
The Fordney-McCumber tariff
The coal miners strike
The railway shopmen's strike
The shortage of cars in the
The low price of potatoes in the
Red River Valley sections
Harding's release of Eugene V.
The lack of jainfall during the
195J2 growiDg season
The Esch-Cummins Transporta
The Babcock Highway Bill
The State Constabulary Law
And just exactly one hundred
others not here mentioned.
Take you choice we'll not argue
Someone has said that "a scared
Republican is a good Republican
and if that is true the few remain
ing in office will surely be "good,"
and what becomes of those swept
into the discard is immaterial
Hearik Shipstead's plurality
over Frank Kellogg and Anna
Dickie Olesen is set at aoy where
from 50,000 to 100,000decisive
enough to suit anyone. Mrs ,01e
sen, touted as the Joan of Arc in
woman suffrage, ran a poor third
*s Kellogg did a poor second."
Halvor Steenerson was defeaeed
for Congress by Knud Wefald of
Hawley, Farmer-Labor candidate,
by a large maj rit
In the legislative contest Chas
Ei. Kelson of Lke Park, defeated
John H. Baldwin of Frazee, for
the state senate in both Becker
and Hubbard countie his majority
reaching close to 2,000.
In the Becker county House
contest, Eric P. Skaiem, the Au
dubon veteran, "came back" with
vengeance, and defeated Gus J,
tforby, of Detroit, by a majority
For the county offices there
were some very close contests. S_ !tfiH&&i
White Earth, Becker County/ Minnesota, Thursday, November 16, 1922. No. 27
In the courity auditorship, Miss
L. F. Bauer made an excellent
showing against Carl E toft,
present deputy, overseas veteran,
who is returned victor by a good
For county attorney, A. O.
Sletvold is re-elected over Fred
Dennis by a majorily close to the
thousand mark. This contest
aroused much interest throughout
Edward Swanson, present Sher
iff, was returned over his two op
ponents by a good majority, after
an intensive campaign on the part
of all three.
Anna G. Rogstad is re-elected
superintendent of schools over heT
two opponents. However, had
Elma V. Bradke been on the reg
ular ballot instead of running on &
sticker, the result might have been
different for she made an excellent
under the handicap.
Ole C. Nelson was defeated for
the office of Register of Deeds by
Albert F. Anderson, by a majority
of several hundred.
Orphans Need Help.
The Christian Home Orphange,
of Council .Bluffs, Iowa, which
cares daily for 250 children, and
which, for nearly forty years, has
been a haven for thousands of des
titute children from all parts of
the country, and which depends
wholly upon the voluntary contri
of charitable peeple for its
support, has felt the effects of the
close times to such a degree that
unless speedy and liberal help
comes, the work will be seriously.
injured. In order to keep its
doors open to the hundreds of
little ones that apply annually for
food and shelter, the Home is
pealing to the public for donations
at Thanksgiving to clear the work
of debt and enable it to meet the
calls that come to it daily. We
urge our raaders that they send a
donation as liberal as possible to
help this worthy institution, which
needs help now as it never has
before in the past. Address the
Christian Home Orphange, Council
Bluffs, Iowa, or leave your dona
tion at this office and it will be
forwarded to the Orphanage.
Make Our Own Beauty.
Men and women make their own
beauty or ugliness. Bulwer speaks In
onp of his novels /ot a man "who was
uglier than' he had any business to
be," and, if we could but read it, ev
ery human being carries his life In his
face, and is good looking, or the re
verse, as that life has been good or
evil. On our features the fine chis
els of thought and emotion are eter
nally at work.Alexander Smith,
Forests of Norway.
The total area of Norway Is about
124,500 square miles, of which approx
imately 26,340 square miles are cov
ered by forests. The greater timber
tracts lie in the southern and central
sections of the country, where the land
is less mountainous and the climate
more favorable to forest growth.
Subscribe for THE TOMAHAWK,
$1.50 per year in advance.
A GOOD SCHOOL
that guarantees satisfactory work
or refunds tuition. One mouth's
tuition free while you investigate.
Write for catalog.
Interstate' Busslhess College,in
Fargo, North Dakota.
The Best is
None too Good!
Years of experience in buy
ing and selling groceries has
taught us that the public
want the best.
Our shelves are always full of pure, fresh and up-to date Gro-
ceries, which we give to our customers at the lowest possible
price. Our line of
Boots and Shoes
is complete and up-to-date
"Buy where the buying is good.
Come in and see what great buying power
a little money will have in
this up-to-date store.
The B. L. FAIRBANKS Go.
White Earth, Minnesota.
Published in behalf of, and
to secure the welfare of the
Indians of the United States.
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE will
do what we claim tor Itrid your system
Catarrh or Deafness ised by
HALL'S CATARRH MEDIC E con
sists of an Ointment which Quickly
Relieves the catarrhal Inflammation, and
the Internal Medicine, a Tonic, which
acts through the Blood on the Mucous
Surfaces, thus assisting- to restore nor
Sold by druggists for over 40 Tears.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O.
You can make big money selling
our superier Northern Nursery
Stock. Pay every week. Free
Outfit and good territory. Experi
ence unnecessarv. The Hawk
ISursey Co., Wauwatosa, Wis.
Subscribe for The Tomahawk
and keep nosted on Indian matters
general. $1.50 per year in
cV*'")? "'J ^'^f3m'
A Camp for liltle Indian Child
ren. Write R. F. D. No. 2.
The faculty in charge of this
institution are admirably qualified
for their work. It is in charge of
a college trained lady who is a
graduate of Smith College for
girls, and who also spent two years
at the Massachusetts Agricultural
College, aud a term at the Uni
versity of Chicago.
She has as an assistant a college
trained Indian woman who under
stands the Indian children and is
deeply interested in her work.
Charges are reasonable. Wyute for