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PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BT
JOS. BOBLETE R.
Office ovci City Drug Store.
Oue Dollar and a half per year in
Ruto* of Alvoriiiii|r
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A Ivm-tisemsnts in tonliI column, double the
liable column ruto*.
Busiuos* CiMsollive lines, onayo:ir^$r,00. each
adilillDinil line 7."i cts.
All transient advertisements to bo paid for in
Advertisements Inserted in the local notice col
minis, ton cts ii Hue for theflrsf-insertion and 6
tents i line for each subsequent insertion bat no
notice inserted for less than i W cts
A inouitcements of marriages and deaths insert.
ed free but obituary notice*, except in special
cases, will be charged at advtrtisin rates.
Legal noticos will be charged 75 cts per folio for
the first insertion, and '15 cts per folio for each
subsequent insertion. All legal notices must be
upon the responsibility of the attorney oidering
thorn published, mid no uttiilavit of publication will
be (riven until the publication fees are paid.
In connection with the paper, we have splen.
did assortment of jobbing material, and we aro
prepared to execute all kinds of printing in a.style
unsurpassed and at moderate rates.
J. Ii. FOSTER,
ID E 3ST I S 1
lull sot of teoth for ten dollars.
fJas administered by Dr. Berry, and
teeth extracted without.pain
Ortlee over Idesling & Keller's
p\R. A. MAKDEN,
Office, corner Minn, and First W. SU.
.W ULM, MINNESOTA.
T\R. C. BERRY,
PHYSICIAN & 8UR0EON.
Otrricx AT TUB CITY DHCO STORM.
.SEW ULM, MINNESOTA.
Physician and Surgeon.
Nl-.W ULM, MINN.
Office and residence on 3d North St.
IMIYSICHN & 3CRGK0N,
Sleepy Eye, Minn.
Ml. Q. WELLNER,
FormaLs Acmen Arzt zur "North
.Star dispensary." Chicago, hat sich
iierinanenc in Burns niedergelassen
IInd empfelilt sich niidet seinen
B- F. WEBBER,
Attorney and Counselor
Office over Citizen's Nat'l Bank.
NEW ULM MINN.
Attorney and Counselor
Titles examined and perfected.
Particular attention given to collec-
3I0NEY TO LOAN.
B^Otuce over Brown Co. Bank ig|
NEW ULM. MINN.
L1ND & RANDALL,
Attorneys at Law,
NEW ULM, MINN.
AVING formed a copartnership with Mr.
Frank. L. RANDALL, who together with Mr.
HAUIIEUO, niy former clerk, may be fornd at our
olHeo ut all times, i take pleasure in announcing
to my clionts und to ihe public that we are now
beitcr prepared than ever before to give prompt
attention to business placed in our hands.
The adersigned will continue to devote his at
tention to the conduct and trial of civil and crim
inal eases in the Stats and Federal Courts.
oil JOHN LIND.
Notary Public, Conveyancer,
and agent foi St. Paul
FIRE & MARINE INSURANCE CO.
Springfield, Brown Co.. Minn.
OiT, TOST OFFICENEW ULM, JIINN.
ADOLPH SfilTER, Prop'r
'his house is the most centrally lo
cated house in the eity and af
fords good Sample Rooms.
BOOTS & SHOES,
Minnesota Street, New Ulm, Mint
A large assortment of men's boots
and shoes and ladies' and children's
shoes constantly kept on hand. Cust
tom work and repairing promptlyat
MANUFACTURER OF & DEALER I N
Boots aad Shoes!
Cor. Minn. & 3d N. New Ulni Minn.
A large assortment of men's aud
boys' boots and shoes, and ladies' and
childrens' shoes constantly kept on
hand. Custom work and repairing
rponiptly attended to.
WABON AN SMITHEOP.
The undersigned would respectfully Inform the
nubiic that he has opened a wagon and Smith shop
on State Street, and is prepared to d any and all
work in ui line promptly and at living rates. Alt
work warranted. New wagon*.*!!! always kept
hand. A ki.i patrouagaU raapaotfully sol.
Clt-J\ John LauterUch.
BROWN CO. BANK.
C. II. CHABBOURN, .C. H. ROSS,
Co. Minn, and Canto Sir.
NEW ULM, MINN.
Collection? and all business pertaining to banking
promptly attended to.
J. Ptennmgei. W.uoescn. Dcehne
Eagle Mill Co,
NEW ULM, MINN.
Gradual Reduction Roller
Manufacturer of and Dealer in
Minnesota street, next door to C.
NEW ULM, MINN-
IN BASEMENT OF
The best of Wines, Liqours and
Cigars constantly kept ou hand.
Louis Felkel, Prftp'r,
CIAS mm, Fnp'r
A large supply of fresh meats, sau
sage, hams, lard, etc., constantly on
handf All orders from the country
promptly attended to.
CASH PAID FOR HIDES.
Minn- Str.t New Ulm, Minn.
Hides, Lard, Wool.
Cattle bought and sold in large or
mall numbers. Contracts solicited
AND CHEAP SALES
Hats, Caps, Notions,
Crockery and Glassware,
Green, dried and Canned
Fruits, etc,, etc.
Minnesota Street, New Ulm, Minn.
I will always take farm produce in exchange
for goods, and pay the highest market price for all
kinds of paper rags.
In connection with my store I have a first-class
saloon furnished withasplendidbilliard table, and
my customers will always find good, liquors and
cigars, and every forenoon splendid lunch.
AH goods purchased of me will be delivered is
any part of the city free of cost/
C. F. HELD,
Undertaker and Dealer in
All HHDS OF FUMITUBE
Proprietor and Manufacturer of
THE FARMERS FRIEND
Fanning: 1 1
The bos* tanning mill in the market.
Store and Factory OP Centre Street near
the City Mill'
NEW ULM. -MINN.
Miss T, WestpM,
Keeps on hand a laige and well
sorted stock of MILLINERY, FANCY
GOODS and ZBPHRWOOI, opposite the
Onion Hotel, between secoh'd and
Third North streets.
NEW ULM, MINN.
SOMMER'S STORE, NEW ULMBEATTY'S
Has oa tend
listing hTpert ml
BREWBH, MiLSTEB, & BOTTLER
This brewery is one of the largest, establisliMent
of the kind in ihe Minnesota Valley and is fftted
up with all the modern iLprovements. Keg and
bottle beer furnished to any parr of the city on
shor6 notice. My bottlebeer is especially adapted
for family use.
Country brewers and others that buy malt will
find it to their interest to place their orders with
me. All orders by mail will receive my prompt at
ft. S. ftatfmaxm. & do.
Corner Minn. & 1st North strs.
HEW ULM, MINN.
This business is established and will be conduct,
ed as heretofore in the rear ent of Mr. H. Beuss
manns hardware store. It shall be our to
constantly keep on hand a wall assorted s-Lekol
Harnese. Saddles, Collars, Whips, Blanke\t,etc.
which well be sold at bottom prieos, Unhr.tiery
and all kindsof custom work promptly a
tisfaatortlv attended to.
MAMUFACTnltER AND DEALKR IN
Upholstery, and all cuatom Work
pertaing to my business promptly at
tended to. Minnesota street, next door
to Schnobrieh's saloon. New Ulm.
CHEAP CASH STORE.
DRY GOODS, NOTIONS,
HATS, CABS, GROCOBIOS,
CROCKRRY, ANJ OILS
^tc. etc. etc. etc
JC3TAI1 goods sold at bottom price
Store on Minnesota St. between 2d
and 3d North streets, N wUlm.
Canned, Dried and Green Fruit
FJ^OUR AND FEED
TONE. WOODEN AND WILLOW WALK
Mnn. Str. New Ulm, Minn.
for Southwestern Minnesota,
NJEW ULM, MINN.
All orders for the purchase or sale
of city lots, improved farms and wild
lands, in this and adjoining counties,
for insurance in the most reliable com*
panies, for ocean passage to and from
all European ports, promtly and satis
factorily attended to.
17* County Agency for the Gerraar,
American Hail Ins. Co. of St. Pi
H. H, eBeussmaiui,
Shelf Heavy Hardware, Iron,SteeI,
Carp ters and Farming Tools.
FARMING MACHINERY, -&c.
Cor, Minn. & 1st N. Strs.,
NEW ULM, MINN.
coom & E STOVE S
Tin-ware Farming Implements
The shop Is In charge of an experienced hand
who gives the mending and repairing of tin-ware
his special attention. All work tr.irran d.
Corner of Minn, and 2d North Streets.
NEW ULM, MINN.
HA BD WARE, TIN WA RR A ND
The Celebrated White. Howe,
New American & Singer
Cor. Minn.1t Is 3. 8ts.. New U1.M
HEW MACHINE SHOP.
Centre Street, Opposite Mueller &
Scherer's Lumber Yard,
NEW ULM, MINN
iam now prepared to execute .all
orders with dispatch. Repairing of
Threshers and Reapers a specialty.
My machinery is all new and of the
most improyed pattern. All work war
ranted a? represented. All those is
want of anything in my line are cordi*
ally invited to give me a call.
ORGAHS Stops lOSet Reeds One
Honoay. IdAemenU Readr. Write or call
Folka shoald tend a three
np forafreebook oCa
nearly lWlarfeoctavo pag*
fallof .TaAaUe noUao
Dr.B PooU the author IPPvPm S
The Workman's Song.
BY BUOINI J. HALIi.
Bread, bread, bread,
It la little that I crave
A shelter wherein to lay my head,
And ground for a common grave,
The wolf howls at my door.
And my hungry children cry.
While wealth and pride sit aide by aide,
In their carriage rolling by.
Work, work, work,
O give me a spot of soil
A spade, a hoe, or a scythe to mow,
J.And something for my toil.
Bread, bread, bread.
Is the cry of wild despair
Of men who have toiled bythe furnace Area
And women who once were fair
The cry of beggary comes.
Fromthe lands beyond the seas
And millions, worn by toll, mustmourn
That a few may live at ease.
Work, work, work,
Oh giveme a spot of soil
A spade, a hoe, or a scythe to mow,
And something for my toil.
Bread, bread, bread,
A world in its bondage calls.
While robbery bold creeps uncontrolled
Through the nation's stately halls.
There are men of wealth and power.
Who are rotten to the core
And our laws are made the rich to aid.
And to plunder the worthy-poor.
Work, work, work,
Ob giveme a spot of soil
A spade, a hoe, or a scythe to mow.
And something for my toll.".
Bread, bread, bread,
May we find no work at all?
The mills of God may be slow to grind,
"But they grind exceeding small,"
The wheels go round and round,
Their rattle is never still
And fraudand crime,in Heaven'sgoodtime
Must take their turn in the mill.
Work, work, work.
Oh give me a spot of soil
A spade, a hoe, or a scythe to mow,
And something for my toil.
WEIGHED Iff THE BALANCE.
MAttrice Gower looked gloomily across
the bay-window at May, and May re
turned his gaze with one of innocence
and coquettish vexation and indifference
"Of course I have been doing some
thing, Mauricesomething perfectly
dreadful, according to your ideas. I
can always tell when you look at ma
that way. What is it this time?"
Maurice was young, handsome, intel
ligent, and had been engaged to May
just seven weeksseven weeks, when
each day brought him the assurance
that he was the happiest and unhap
piest man in the universehappy in the
prospect of future happiness, miserable
because of the wilfulness of his lady
love, who was only less lovely and en
chanting than provoking.
Just now, a pair of the softest, velvet
iest blue eyes imaginable looked appeal
ingly at him, and a dainty scarlet mouth
pouted bewitchingly at him, as May,
with suspiciously patient innocence,
"You are. right, May'it1
thing more than usual this timeal
though not 'perfectly dreadful," accord
ing to your code, evidently. 'It' was
last nightI did not like the way you
permitted Vane Selwyn's attentionnot
that I care for him in the least, under
stand, but Maythe honor, the princi
ple of the thing."
She laughed, then her blue eyes dark
"Honor! principleprinciple, hon-
or!" she repeated, irritatedly. "I de
clare you are for ever harping on them,
until you have become downrightstu-
mouth compressed a trifle,
but he bore her angry words patiently.
"It seems we scarcely ever see each
other of late, May. For all the satisfac
tion to be derived from our engage
ment, we might as well not be en
She interrupted him coldly.
"YesI- have often thought myself
we might as well not be engaged at all
She hesitated, a palpable meaning in
her silence that brought a hot flush to
"May! What do you mean?"
"I mean just thisnobody else scolds
me as much as you do, and I'm tired of
it. I'm tired of all of itthe engage
ment and everything."
Such a strange, strange look was in
"You are tired of me?"
"I didn't say that. But Aunt Ade
laide thinks I had bettershe thinks I
ought to marry a richer manand
well, so do I."
"Then you wish to be released from
your engagement to me?"
In all her acquaintance with him,May
had never knowu him like this, and the
ale gravity on his face, in his manner,
her, while, at the same
time, there was a defiant sense of dar
ing to say such venturesome things,
daring to experience anew sensation,
that she felt a thrill of pleasurablo reck-
"I really wish it," she said, promptly.
"You are released," he announced,
quietly. "Good-morning, Miss Oliver."
"Well, he may go," she laughed, her
cheeks glowing warmly. "Auntie is
right he is not the'kind of husband I
ought to havehe's not rich, like Mr.
Selwyn, although he's far handsomer
and more refined. Yd rather be a rich
man's wife any day, and I'm pretty and
accomplished enough to win all thelov
ers I want, if Mr. Selwyn don't suit!
So, Mr. Maurice, good-bye!"
Mrs. Oliver glanced up from her easel
in a bright corner of her boudoir, as
May came in, half an hour afterwards.
"You look remarkably radiant, my
dear," she remarked, admiringly. "Is
it that pale blue plush basque, or the
pink corals you have on?"
"Oh, auntie! It's neither. Fm just
delighted at having given my lover his
"I am glad you did, child. He's all
very well, Mayirreproachable and all
that sort of thing, but with your youth
and beauty you ought to make more out
of your Winter campaign in the City. I
want to send you home with an engaged
ring on your finger, and Vane Selwyn's
initials inside. You can do it easily,
my dear, and be a rich woman all your
"And it's just what I mean to do.too,
auntie dear," she laughed "and to be
gin, I have just sent a note of accept
ance to Mr. Selwyn, saying! will go to
the theatre to-night*Her Darling
Folly," isn't it, at the Frivolity?"
Mrs. Oliver meditated,a moment
"Yes, with Miss St. Guygo by all
means, May, and wearyour white plush
hat and black velvet toilet."
Beautiful as the dreampf a poet, May
greeted Mr. Selwyn when he called for
her that eveningbluo eyes shining,
cheeks glowing, lipslike fragrant carna
tionsand he told himself it must not
be long before he contrived to possess
this lovely little girl for his own.
Bright, gay, rejoicing, with not a pen
itent thought in her foolish little heart
for Maurice, all aglow with delicious
excitement. May started forthe theatre
and two hours later all London was par-
alyzed with awful horror to hear the
appalling news that the Frivolity was
on fire, and that scores were perishinc
in the awful suffocation.
Mrs. Oliver, roused from her novel by
the unwonted excitementthat strange,
subtle magnetism that spreads and
reaches just where it is sentwas wild
with deathly fear and arjony, a suspense
which only ended when, after a long,
long hour of waiting, a carriage drove
up to her door, aud strange, kindly
hands brought May to hernever again
the blooming, beautiful girl in all the
flush and glory of dawning womanhood
but a scorched, suffering, affrighted
creature, trampled and torn in thatfear
ful stampede for precious lifeMay
alive, in all probability not dangerously
burned or hurt, butoh, so pitiful, so
For days and weeks after the holo
caust she lay in her bed, burning in fev
er and raving in delirium, living over
and over again the terrible minutes in
the theatre after the panic and the
flames begancalling agonizedly on
Mr. Selwyn not to desert her, not to
leave herrevcaliiifr a story of despica
ble, fiendish cow:.rliee and brutal sel
fishness which Mrs. Oliver had suspect
ed, almost from the very first, when the
death lists published in the papers, she
had not found Vane Selwyn's name
which she knew now, beyond question.
But, by and by, convalescence came,
and thenah. poor little May!then
she knew what that dreadful night had
done for her, and as she looked in the
glass, Mrs. Oliver had kept from her as
long as possible, and sawscarcely
recognisingthe scarred forehead, the
thin nair over the forehead and temples,
the cruel cut on the cheekthen May
knew she had lost everythingevery
"I wish I had died, I wish I had died,
rather than be likethis," she sobbed,
in agony. "I hate myself, and nib one
will ever care for such a hideous creat
ure as I! Oh, Auntie, why didn't you
let me die?"
And then Maurice,who had prevailed
upon Mrs. Oliver to admit- him, and
whose solicitude, from the very awful
first of it all, had touched her to the
very soulstepped up to the invalid
chair and took May's little red, tender
hand carefully in his ownthe hand on
which Vane Selwyn's ring was to have
"May, dear, you must not talk like
that!" his broken voice said, with infi
nite tenderness. "No one who ever
loved you in your beauty will love you
less for its loss! Come back to me, lit
tle girliegive me the right to love and
cherish you, and comfort you. Will you,
The tears rushed to her sunken eyes,
and a look came to them of almost awe
"You cannot mean such wordsyou
never, never could want me again
such a hideous thing as I am! You
"I love you, darlingI shall always
love you, and there is no other woman
in the world but you who will ever be
my wife. You are dearer to me, so,
than when you were the fairest beauty
I ever saw. Darling, my May, areether,
And with his sweet, caressingtones in
her ears, there came a revelation, as if
from Heaven to her, already purified by
such stern discipline, and in her heart
sprung up anew, beautiful womanhood,
tender and true, with which, in all the
after years, Maurice Gower was more
than content, as he learned to know
more and more of his wife's gentleness
and sweetness of temper and Deauty of
Nor, in all their lives, was the name
of Vane Selwyn ever mentioned between
them, while that gentleman, for all his
position and wealth, never recovered
from the blot cast upon his manliness in
the matter of the awful disaster which
was a savor of life unto life to May
How Woolen-Mill Machinery Wears Out
Much new woolen machinery is re
quired each year to replenish that which
has been actuallv worn out. Excellent
authorities establish the average life of
the entire mechanical equipment of a
woolen-mill as being twenty years, and
as there are about 9,000 sets of machin
ery in use in the United States at the
present time, it follows that an average
of 450 sets become worn out and has to
be replaced each year. Four hundred
and fifty sets of machinery means 1,300
to 1,500 cards, about as many self-oper
ating spinning mules, 10,000 to 15,000
looms, and other machinery in propor
tion. A 200-spindle mule costs $7ou,
and one with 300 spindles costs $900.
To replace the mules alone, therefore,
which are annually worn out in the
United States necessitates a disburse
ment of over $1,200,000 per annum
among the machinery manufacturers,
and to replace the cards and looms re
quired for the same purpose costs a
much larger sum.Boston Commercial
Over one hundred weight of ancient
Roman coins were recently discovered
by laborers who were digging away
rubbish from the rocks near a quarry
near Montacete, in England. The coins
are in a good state of preservation, and
date chiefly from A. D. 81 to A. D, 183.
Specimens are found with the heads of
Severus and Commodus.
Her Lost Father.
A Pennsylvania paper relates this
heart-rending incident of the Midlothian
Mine horror last winter. After the
mouth of the burning mine had been
kept open as long$s possible, Supt
Dodds mounted a coal car, and address
ing the wailing throng of women and
friends, it grieves1
Here*s one by a
that tries a man's
me have to state
to you that for the present our search
for the bodies of those you knew and
loved will have to be abandoned. You
know what fire in a coal mine means,,
and it may take months of watching to
subdue it We will close the pit now."
The speaker's voice quivered with
emotion. When he finished, a beauti
ful little girl of fourteen years, Annie
Crowder, the onlydaughter of one of the
victims, uttered a piercing scream and
rushed to the mouth of the pit, crying,
"O, do not leave my dear papa to burn
down there. Let me get into the cage
and go down after him. Let me save
The strong arms of the miners held
her back as the fragile thing tried to
make her way to the cage, and more
than one blackened face was made
blacker as the hand went up to wipe
away the tears. Men sobbed aloud,
and turned away to conceal their emo
tion. The little^girl, finding her pro
gress barred, swooned at the month oi
public A test
At the annual meeting of the New
Kngland Spelling-Keform Association,
neld at Cambridge, the following
changes were recommended and adopt-
1. Drop silent when phonetically
useless, as in live, vineyard, believe, etc.
2. Drop a from ea having the sound
of e, as in feather, iealous, etc. drop
from ea having the sound of a, as in
hearken, heart etc. "J
3. For beauty use the old beuty.'
4. Drop from eo having the sound
of e, as in jeopardy for yeoman write
5. Drpp 1 in Parliament
5. For having the soundof in but.
write in above (abuv), dozen, some
(sum), tongue (tung), and the like for
women restore wimen.
7. Drop from ou having the sound
of u, as in journal, nourish, rugh (ruf),
and the like.
8. Drop, silent after g, before a, and
in native English words, as guarantee.
9. Drop final ue in catalogue, etc.
drop in argue.
10. Spell rhyme, rime.
11. Double consonants may be sim
plified, final b, d, g, n, r, f. 1. a, as
ebb, add, egg, inn, purr, butt, bailiff,
dull, buzz, (notall, hall) medial before
another consonant, as battle, ripple,
written (writn) initial unaccented pre
fixes and other unaccented syllables as
in abbreviate, affairs, etc.
12. Drop silent in bomb, crumb,
debt doubt, dumb, limb, numb.
13. Change back to in cinder,
fierce, hence, once, pence, scarce, mice,
source, thence, tierce, whence.
14. Drop the of oh in chamomile,
choler, melancholy, school, stomach
change to kin ache (ake), anchor (ank
15. Changed and ed final tot when
so pronounced, as in crossed (crost)
looked (lookt), etc., unless the affects
the preceding sound, as in chafed,
16. Drop in feign, foreign, sov
17. Drop in aghast, burgh, ghost
Drop gh in haughty, though (tho),
through (thru). Change gh to where
it has that sound, as in cough, enough,
laughter, tough, etc.
18. Dro p1 in could.
19. Drop pin receipt.
20. Drop in aisle, demesne, island.
Change to in distinctive words, as in
abuse (verb), rise (verb), etc.
21. Drop in scent, scythe (sithe.)
22. Drop as in catch, etc.
28. Drop win whole.
24. Write for ph in philosopher,
How The Italians Embalm.
The principal Italian embalmers keep
their special processes a secret although
the chief steps are welt known. The
process of embalming is stated to con
sist of five steps. First cold water is
injected through the whole circulatory
system until it issues quite clear. This
may take as long as five hours. Alco
hol is then injected for the purpose of
abstracting all the water from the body.
This is followed up by the injection of
to dissolve out the fatty matter.
This injeotion is carried on for several
hoursin thin subjects for two, in very
fat ones for even as long as ten hours.
After this a strong solution of tannin is
slowly injected, and full time is allowed
for its soaking into all the tissues this
takes from two to five hours. Lastly,
the body is exposed for from tWo to five
hours to a current of warm air, which is
previously dried by passing it over heat
ed chloride of calcium. The body can
then be preserved for any length of time
without under-going change, and is as
hard as stone.London Lancet.
The chief supplies of strawberries for
the Paris market are drawn from the
fields of Plougastel, near Brest, where
the beds occupy a space of 500 acres on
the hillsides overlooking the sea. The
fields are protected from the strong
winds bythick hedges, or walls of stone,
which retain the sun's heat From
Plougastel alone about 1,500 tons of
berries are annually sent to market
The Bat Oaves of Texas.
A correspondent describing the lime
stone caves, or caverns, of Texas, says
of them: These bat caves have long been
known to bear and turkey hunters.
They abound in several counties of that'
State. They are not very comfortable
laces as one is' continually
fear of rattlesnakes, she
bears with cubs, and the danger of un
known abysses. Besides, the great
hordes of bats flitting around your light
hitting you in, the face and becoming
entangled in your hair, is an Uncomfort
able feature, producing a sort of "creep
ing" feeling in a fellow. Then there is
the ever-present danger of your light
becoming extinguished, leaving you in
darkness blacker than pitch, from which
you might never emerge. However
ardent an explorer he may be who ven
tures into one of these things, and how
ever interested'with what he sees, he is
continually wishing that he were well
out of it. They are regularwitch holes.
If there be witches in the world, there
you will find them, I should think. I
explored one in Bandera or Medina,
several hundred yards, as I judged, un
til I came to a line creek rushing and
roaring through it. Beyond the creek
I could see another opening, leading, no
doubt to still deeper and darkerdepths,
but I had got enougliof it, and refused
to venture further. In this one I en
countered the bat guano immediately on
entering, and it continued a great dis
tance. I could not judge how thick the
deposit was, but it was certainly many
feet There could not have been less
than several thousand tons of it, and it
was accumulating with great rapidity.
The substance cast down by these
bats is exceedingly rich in nitrate of
potash. For the manufacture of that
salt no other substance in the world can
compare with it. I saw any quantity
of it in the Bandera or Medina cave,
which, by the way, by some natural
chemical process, had been converted
where it lay into pure saltpeter, appar
ently.* It would evidently make a very
strong fertilizer, besides furnishing gun
powder, etc., but whether the raw stuff
is worth $60 a tdh or not I cannot say.
If it is worth anything like that figure
I should say a Texas bat cave is better
thana gold mine. On the whole, it looks
like anew industry was about to be
added to us in Texas, namely, that of
bat ranching. The bat ranch man
would be at no expense for feeding or
herding his cattle. He would beat no
expense whatever except for gathering
his guano and shipping it to market
He should gather his guano only in the
night when the cattle are away feeding.
Should he disturb them too often in the
daytime, they might shifttheirquarters,
thus cutting off his daily supply of
The Confederates worked some'of
these caves for saltpeter during the war.
A Microphone Ear.
'An Indiana eotemporary, the Lafay
ette Courier, is responsible for the fol
"Willie Lester, aged 10 years, lives
with his father on the Wea Plains. His
right ear is as large as a palm-leaf fan,
while the other is no bigger than the
ear of an ordinary-sized wax doll. With
his small ear he can bear the faintest
buzzing of the smallest bugs and
sects, atut/jjBven detect soundsuttered by
the minutest animalculeso small that
they are not even yisibje to the naked
eye. A fly running along a window
pane, a caterpillar crawling across a
sheet of paper makes sufficient noise to
attract his attention, even when his back
is turned. The sense of hearing is so
acute in this ear that it is absolutely
painful to him, and he is compelled to
wear a cork in it at all times.
"The right and large ear is the re
verse of its little companion in both its
powers and properties. To it those
minute and near sounds so plainly dis
cernible to the other are lost but dis
tant noises are readily heard. Although
residingJfifteenand one-quarter miles
away from any railroadLafavette be
ing the nearest pointyet Willie can
distinctly hear the train and mills blow
ing their whistles, and can easily dis
tinguish between the engine bells and
the city bells. He can hear the coming
of a storm long before there are any
signs of it in the air, and even long-be
fore the weather bureau gives notice of
its approach. At a suggestion of a
neighbor, Mr. Lester had a wire gauze
lid with a tin rim made to fit over Wil
lie's ear. It constats of two thicknesses
of gaace, the outer one being of larger
mesh than the inner one between the
two there is an intervening thickness
of loose flannel to .soften sounds. Wil
lie wearritr continually, and this, with
the cork in the small ear, has the effect
of reducing his hearing to a normal con
Woman and Pockets.
Nature never intended woman to be
a creature with pockets. That woman
was hot meant for pockets is sufficient
ly evidenced by one fact alone. When
she is on the street though her outer
cloak may have several pockets and her
dress at least one, she invariably carries
her purse in her hand. Ii would not be
safe to intrust woman with any more
pockets than she now possesses. If she
had more she might be tempted into bad
habit, such as carrying about with her
to places of amusement etc., a number
of articles in addition to those with
which she now burdens herself and her
escort If she had a multitude of pock
et's she would be a perambulating fan
cy store. As it is shecannot even man
age the pockets now allowed her. It is
her habit to hang up her dress without
emptying its one pocket, and to mourn
until that special dress is again worn
the loss of the contents of that pocket.
Removing Milk and Coffee Stains.
These stains are very difficult to re
move, especially from light-colored and
finely-finished goods. From woolen and
mixed fabrics they are taken out by
moistening them with a mixture of one
part glycerine, nine parts water, and
one-half .part aqua ammonia. This
mixture is applied tothe goods by means
of a brush, and allowedto remain for
twelve hours (occasionally renewing
the moistening). After this time, the
stained pieces arepressed between cloth,
and then rubbed with a clean rag. Dry
ing, and, if possible, a little steaming,
is generally sufficient to thoroughly re
move the stains. Stains on silk gar
ments which are dyed with delicate col
ors, or finely finished, are more difficult
to remove. In this case five parts gly
cerine are mixed with five parts water,
and one-quarter part of ammonia add
ed. Before using this mixture it should
be tried on some part of the garments
where it can not be noticed, in order to
see if the mixture will change color. If
such is the case no ammonia should be
added. If, on the contrary, no change
take place, or if, after drying, the origi
nal color is restored, the above mixture
is applied with a soft brush, allowing it
to remain on the stains for six or eight
hours, and is then rubbed with a clean
cloth. The remaining dry substance is
then carefully taken off by means of a
knife. The injured places are now
brushed over with clean water, pressed
between cloths, and dried. If the stain
is not then removed, a rubbing with dry
bread will easily take it off. To restore
the finish, a thin solution of gum arabic
(or in many cases beer is preferred) is
brushed on, then dried, and carefully
ironed. By careful manipulation these
stains will be successfully removed.
A Oautions Bridegroom.
"Say, Judge," said a middle-a^ed
Comstocker this morning, taking Jus
tice Hires aside and speaking in a low
and confidential tone, "whatdoes itcost
to get a divorce?"
"What's the matter? In trouble with
old woman?" asked his Honor, favoring
his questioner with a sympathetic and
"Well, not exactly. You see
"Somebody been climbing over the
fence of your matrimonial corral?"
chuckled the Court, winking.
"No nothin' of the sort, testily re
plied the citizen. "The fact is" I'm
comin' round here to get you to marry
me this afternoon, and I want to be
posted on the whole layout from begin
ning to end. I never go it blind on
anything, and I don't know how the
double racket may pan out"
The Court figured for a moment and
said an average divorce was within the
means of all but the poorest and the
bridegroom heaved a sigh of relief and
asked his Honor out to drink.Virginia
A Nautical Explanation.
In a dancing saloon one night a sail
or was asked by a messmate to explain
to him in a few words and as quick as
ssibl the third figure of a quadrille,
description was as follows: "You
first of all heave ahead," said he, "and
pass your adversary's yardarms then
in a jiffy regain your berth on the other
tack in the same kind of order slip
along sharp and take your station with
your partner in line back and fill, and
then fall on your heel, and bring up
with your craft She then maneuvers
ahead off alongside of you then make
sail in company with her until nearly
astern of the other line make a. stern
board cast her off to shift for herself
regain your place out of the melee in
the best manner you can, and let go
your anchor."Chambers* Journal. it
A father, and son living in Waterbury,
Conn., joint owners of a sick dog, de
termined, after some discussion, in the
poor beast's presence, to put him out of
bis misery. "Have you 'a pistol with
youf" asked the father but before the
son had.time.to answer the dog stag*
gered to his feet, limped but of the barn
as fast as he could, and disappeared.
BY H. S. KELLER.
"No, my man, I do not countenance
tramps, and you will greatly oblige me
by leaving these premises now."
"The speaker, a portly, well dressed,
well fed of middle age, turned im
from the intruder and recom
menced the perusal of his paper.
The other, a slim, gaunt hollow
eyed man of some three or four and
twenty years of age, drew his tattered
coat over the ragged shirt front as a
lovely girl approached, and then said,
"I beg pardon for intruding, but
you looked so comfortable here that I
Ithe fact is, I am not a tramp I
"Nevermind! Leave at once, or I will
call the footman," angrily interrupted
The raggedly dressed individual, after
glancing casnalbrat the girl, uttered a
low "good mprning," and turned to quit
"Wait01ease here is a half dollar
all I haya with me. Take it
girl went and handed the poor
fellow the piece of money. As she
fanced up at his face her eyes caught
such a look of heartfelt gratitude that
she felt herself doubly repaid for the
"See here, Tot I thought I said the
other day that I did hot wish any of my
family or attendants to encourage
tramps? If you continue to do this Sort
of thing, the place will be literally over
run with the rag-tag and bob-tail
"Now, papa, do stop! I recollect quite
distinctly that you said we must not en
"Precisely and here in the very face
of my injunctionyou give alma to oner*
interrupted he, as he stroked the sunny
tresses of his darling.
"I saw that abouthim which bespeaks
him to be other than a tramp."
'What, then, if not a tramp?"
"Aawell, I do not know just what
perhaps a poor, unfortunate gentleman
whose lot in the world"has not been all
sunshine. Papa, who cantell? He may
be a prince in disguise." And Tot Ru
pert laughed heartily at the romantic
"Nonsense! He is just what he looks
a tramp," responded her father.
"Really and honestly, papa, answer
me truly could you not see gentleman
in those big, sorrowful eyes of his?1*
"The only thing about him that I
could find redeemingwashis language,"
said Mr. Rupert, "and that was most
untramp-like. Still, I don't wish such
as he is encouraged in the slightest"
The two went in to breakfast, and
perhaps before the meal was over, both
had forgotten all about the tramp.
Mr. Rupert was not a hard-hearted
man he was like many others heartily
tired of putting hand in pocket and en
couraging tramping beggars. "Let
them work," he said yet 1 dare venture
to say that he would not trust one even
with an axe to do a day's chopping for
fear the tramp would steal the axe.
The afternoon had sped along and the
evening shadows began to fall. Mr.
and Mrs. Rupert were sittingupon their
veranda talking, when suddenly the
shrill cry of a boy's voice smote their
"Miss Totoh! she's gone and failed
clean inter the water!" And Billy, the
boy of all work, dashed up to the start
Mr. Rupert sprang from his chair
grasping the boy by the arm he ask
"What? Quick, Billy, tell me! Who
fell into the water?"
"Oover by the island in the lake.
She'n thatcity feller was inter a boat
It upsbt, an' he swam ashore, an'
"My God! boy, what of Tot, my Tot?
"A feller what was ter sleep hi tbeT
bushes jumped in an' saved her. By
golly! Mister Rupert, he just did!"
Two men with a limp, dripping fornv
between them came into the yard. Yes,
it was Tot her golden hair hung down,
wet and straggling.
The parents met the men, and ere
Mrs. Rupert could ask for explanation,
one of them said,
"The lady is not beyond recovery.
Some hot drink, warm flannels and rub
bing, will bring her around all right I
know, for I have seen many cases of the
It was a tramp, the man whom Mr.
Rupert had ordered away but this very
They carried Tot to the house and left
her to the women. After dispatching
Billy for a doctor, Mr. Rupert went to
the tramp and said,
"Are you the man who saved my
"Just a chance merely a fortunate
thing, my being in the locality. You
need not go to your room to-night with
the pangs of a childless man in your
"God knows I am overwhelmed with
gratitude! Here are a hundred"
"Excuse me I do not countenance
tramps' doing such acts as I have done
The words were proudly spoken, and
Mr. Rupert gazed into the speaker's
eyes and saw that which Tot had seen
"Pardon me. Can I do anything for
"Yes." "Name it"
"Do not always judge a man by his
garments. When next a poor, miserable
tramp applies for alms, just give him
some of that money which you offered
me. Good morning."
The stranger turned upon his heeland
Tot Rupert soon recovered, and
what became of the tramp? I cannot
say as to that but I do know that the
money he told Mr. Rupert to dispense
figured up to more than a hundred dol
lars in the end.
J$L Boston GirL
In the steam car the other day wa^sT
bright little 4-year old lady. A^elaer-^
ly gentleman, a few seats baekT every'
time the little one turned around, would
shake his finger, or duck his head] or
"cluck," or do some one of the scare
things that are supposed to be especial-%
ly pleasing to babies. The little girl
answered these kindly attentions with a
vacant stare, until, apparently surfeited
and grown tired of them, she exclaimed
in a voice loud enough to be. heard hall
through the ear, "Mamma, I really be
lieve that old fool is trying to make love
to me.".Boston Transcript.
No woman ever answers a call by tel
ephone without smoothing down her
hair, working up a smile, and trying to
make a good impression on foe trans*